JAMA: 7 forces will drive adoption of AI in healthcare

The rapid uptake of artificial intelligence (AI) and deep learning in healthcare...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: AI spots lung nodules on CT, with low false-positive rate 3 ways AI could be integrated into radiology workflow AI algorithm can triage head CT exams for urgent review AI characterizes complex mood disorders from fMRI SIIM: AI can accurately detect cerebral microbleeds
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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How could a country keep around 1.4 billion people healthy when the system struggles with corruption, lack of resources and an aging population? China, the emerging giant with a strong central leadership fostering technology and innovation, places its bets on artificial intelligence, telemedicine, cloud-based hospitals, and WeChat. While that could sound like an ultimate technological paradise, the question is, what are they going to do with the vast amount of data or to what interests are they going to leverage their state of the art A.I. systems? Generally, how will we speak about digital health in China: a healthcare dy...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine Bioethics Future of Medicine Medical Professionals Patients Policy Makers AI chatbot china digital digital health Healthcare Innovation smartphone technology telehealth telemedicine Source Type: blogs
We have read with great interest the case report by Pujol et al entitled Synchronous multiple non-small cell lung cancers in an allograft lung recipient [1], about a young cystic fibrosis lung transplant recipient who developed metastatic lung cancer. We would like to comment on this ‘rare’ long-term complication post lung transplantation. Recent registry data from the International Society of Heart and Lung Transplantation showed that the overall incidence of a malignancy post lung transplantation at 1, 5 and 10 years is 5.3%, 19.6% and 31.7% respectively [2] In observation al studies the incidence of lung can...
Source: Lung Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
This study aims to examine outcomes of patients who received ECMO as a bridge to lung transplantation.MethodsStatistical analysis was performed on data gathered retrospectively from the electronic medical records of adult patients who received ECMO as BTT at Columbia University Medical Center from April 2009 through July 2018.ResultsOne hundred and twenty-one adult patients were placed on ECMO as bridge to lung transplantation. Seventy (59%) patients were successfully bridged to lung transplantation. Simplified Acute Physiology Score II, unplanned endotracheal intubation, renal replacement therapy, and cerebrovascular acci...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research
Primary graft dysfunction (PGD) is the most important contributor to early morbidity and mortality in lung transplant recipients and reflects a combination of allograft ischemia-reperfusion injury, vasogenic pulmonary edema and inflammatory changes mediated by the innate immune system.1,2,3 Patients who develop PGD are at increased risk of poor lung function and death.4-6 There are limited therapeutic options available to patients who develop PGD after lung transplantation and as such, the main focus has been on the identification of risk factors for PGD and prevention strategies.
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Original Clinical Science Source Type: research
Mechanical circulatory support devices, i.e., Left Ventricular Assist Devices (LVADs), are increasingly utilized for hemodynamic restoration in patients with advanced and end-stage heart failure.1 The latest generation of miniaturized, continuous-flow LVADs has afforded enhanced patient survival and quality of life compared to earlier pulsatile pneumatic systems, and is now approved for both bridge-to-transplant as well as for definitive destination therapy.1 Despite clinical efficacy of these devices, LVAD thrombosis, either in the form of pump thrombosis or as thromboembolic events, remains a common and vexing complicati...
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 February 2019Source: Social Science &MedicineAuthor(s): Athena EngmanAbstractThe concept of biographical disruption has now enjoyed nearly 40 years of use in medical sociology. This paper argues that taking an embodied approach to biographical disruption helps to explain the concept's enduring efficacy. Drawing on the work of Maurice Merleau-Ponty and contemporary theories of embodiment inspired by his phenomenology, this paper advances that biographical disruption involves, in the first instance, a disruption to the ability to enact an embodied orientation towards the world. Biogr...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 February 2019Source: Journal of Cardiology CasesAuthor(s): Takahiro Okano, Ayako Okada, Hiroaki Tabata, Hideki Kobayashi, Wataru Shoin, Koji Yoshie, Yasutaka Oguchi, Morio Shoda, Koichiro KuwaharaAbstractA 73-year-old woman underwent radiofrequency hot balloon ablation (RHBA) for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. After delivery into the left inferior pulmonary vein (LIPV), the guidewire perforated the venous wall. We injected contrast medium while the inflated balloon occluded the PV. Subsequently, bronchial-pulmonary venous fistula (BPVF) occurred and the severe hypoxia caused pulseless...
Source: Journal of Cardiology Cases - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
In this report, early graft dysfunction was diagnosed at day 3 and the patient was empirically treated with antibiotics and high dose corticosteroid therapy. Death occurred on the 29th post-operative day and an autopsy revealed abundance of foamy macrophages in lung tissue consistent with ASMD cells.
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: LETTER TO THE EDITOR Source Type: research
Professor Francis Fontan, the pioneer in the field of congenital heart surgery and former president of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, recently passed away in January 2018. The ‘Fontan operation’,1 the final stage in a series of cardiac repairs for children with single ventricle anatomy, saved the lives of numerous children and is undoubtedly one of the greatest milestones in surgical history. However, Professor Fontan himself was among the first to notice the palliati ve nature of the Fontan circulation.
Source: The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
Iavicoli Silicosis is a progressive fibrotic lung disease that is caused by the inhalation of respirable crystalline silica. Due to its high silica content, artificial stone (AS) can become a possible source of hazardous dust exposure for workers that are employed in the manufacturing, finishing, and installing of AS countertops. Therefore, the aim of this review was to verify the association between AS derived silica exposure and silicosis development, and also then define the pathological characteristics of the disease in relation to specific work practices and preventive and protective measures that were adopted in...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
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