There must be blood.
THERE MUST BE BLOOD. Am J Psychoanal. 2017 Nov 15;: Authors: Atwood GE Abstract It is argued that in the effective psychotherapy of patients suffering with severe trauma, there is always blood that is shed. This blood may be metaphorical but is often literal. In its absence, it is unlikely that anything of real value has occurred. PMID: 29142302 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]