Treatment of Complex Perineal Trauma. A Review of the Literature

Publication date: Available online 19 July 2016 Source:Cirugía Española (English Edition) Author(s): Patrizio Petrone, Wilson Rodríguez Velandia, Jana Dziaková, Corrado P. Marini Perineal injuries are uncommon, but not rare. They may present a wide variety of injury patterns which demand an accurate diagnostic assessment and treatment. Perineal injuries may occur as isolated injuries to the soft tissues or may be associated with pelvic organ, abdominal or even lower extremity injury. Hence the importance to know in depth not only the anatomy of the perineum and its organs, but also the implications of the patient's hemodynamic stability on the decision making process when treating these injuries using established trauma guidelines. The purpose of this review is to describe the current epidemiology and clinical presentation of perineal injuries in order to provide specific guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of both stable and unstable patients.
Source: Cirugia Espanola - Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Related Links:

Authors: Heidary Rouchi A PMID: 31422396 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Iran J Kidney Dis Source Type: research
Authors: Khorvash F, Moeinzadeh F, Saffaei A, Hakamifard A Abstract Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMX) is a bactericidalantibiotic. The most common adverse effect of TMP/SMX is skinrashes and gastrointestinal symptoms. Although hyperkalemia canoccur with TMP/SMX component but hyponatremia is uncommon. A55- year old woman, known case of rheumatoid arthritis, presentedwith fever and mild dyspnea. According to diagnostic work upthe infection with pneumocystis jirovecii was confirmed. TMP/SMX was started but after 10 days the patient acutely representedwith nausea and became lethargic. The laboratory studies showe...
Source: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Iran J Kidney Dis Source Type: research
Authors: As'habi A, Najafi I, Tabibi H, Hedayati M Abstract INTRODUCTION: Poor nutritional status is prevalent in peritonealdialysis (PD) patients and is related to morbidity and mortality.Therefore, the aim of the present study was to assess the dietaryintake and its related factors in PD patients in Tehran, Iran. METHODS: All eligible PD patients in Tehran peritoneal dialysiscenters were included in this cross-sectional study. Dietary intakeof PD patients was determined using a 3-day dietary recall. Also,a 4 mL blood sample was obtained from each patient to measureserum biochemical parameters. RESULTS: In...
Source: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Iran J Kidney Dis Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: We suggest that understanding relationship betweenphosphate, FGF23 and cardiovascular disease can be applied intargeted phosphate-based treatment. Kidney failure and the nondippercondition may be highly related to one another and leadto ESRD. Therefore, a special investment in controlling bloodpressure and examining it with a tool such as ABPM can greatlyhelp patients to progress effectively. PMID: 31422393 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Iran J Kidney Dis Source Type: research
Authors: Ravanshad Y, Azarfar A, Esmaeeli M, Mostafavian Z, Zahabi E, Ravanshad S Abstract INTRODUCTION: Nocturnal enuresis is a condition, which can affectthe quality of life in children. The present study was designed toinvestigate the efficacy of low-dose imipramine combined withdesmopressin on treatment of patients with primary nocturnalenuresis who were defined as desmopressin non-responders. METHODS: A randomized clinical trial was carried out on patientswith primary nocturnal enuresis. Forty children with enuresisranging from 5 to 12 years old were randomly divided into theintervention (n = 20) and contr...
Source: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Iran J Kidney Dis Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Glucocorticoids is the the mainstay of treatment. Therenal function tests, of the vast majority of patients, normalizedwith treatment. Relapse may occur, so a follow-up over a longperiod of time is required. A high index of suspicion is neededfor diagnosis in asymptomatic patients. PMID: 31422391 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Iran J Kidney Dis Source Type: research
Authors: Ghaffari J, Mohammadjafari H, Mohammadi GH, Mahdavi MR Abstract INTRODUCTION: One of the most serious complications of acute febrilepyelonephritis in children is the development of renal scar. Thisstudy aimed to investigate the effect of dexamethasone on urinarycytokine levels and renal scar in children with acute pyelonephritis. METHODS: In a double-blind randomized clinical trial, 60 childrenaged 3 months to 12 years with acute febrile pyelonephritis enrolled.The experimental group was treated with a combination of antibioticand dexamethasone, and the control group underwent treatmentwith antibiotic ...
Source: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Iran J Kidney Dis Source Type: research
Authors: El-Gamasy MA, Elbendary A Abstract INTRODUCTION: Systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) as an autoimmunedisease caused by self immunoglobulin. It was proposed thatthe chromatin including nucleosomes is the main antigen inthe pathogenesis of SLE, and that antinuclear immunoglobulinG are associated with disease activity. Aim of the study was tostudy the diagnostic and prognostic value of serum levels ofantinuclear immunoglobulin G as the most famous anti-chromatinimmunoglobulin as a diagnostic tool and a disease activity markerin juvenile systemic lupus erythematous. METHODS: The work was conducted on 90 pedi...
Source: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Iran J Kidney Dis Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: In summary, the results indicated that MIF -137 G>Cis significantly associated with increased risk of NS. More studieswith larger sample size among different ethnicities are needed toverify our findings. PMID: 31422388 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Iran J Kidney Dis Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Although we did not find a statistically significantrelationship between vitamin D levels and the CMV infection, CMVinfected patients had lower vitamin D level compared with noninfectedrecipients, hence vitamin D deficiency can be consideredas a risk factor for CMV reactivation after renal transplantation. PMID: 31422387 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Iran J Kidney Dis Source Type: research
More News: Anatomy | Epidemiology | Surgery