South Africa: New Technology to Help Diagnose Hearing Disability

[News24Wire] Software developed by University of Pretoria researchers could bring cheaper hearing tests to South Africa's rural areas. The hearScreen technology, which has been patented and is in the process of being licensed, can turn any smartphone into an audiometer to test people's hearing.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news

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Conclusions: Relatively young children with hearing loss reported engagement in moderate levels of delinquency that represent serious antisocial and potentially violent acts. This finding provides evidence of the significant effect that hearing loss has on child behavior. This association between hearing loss and moderate delinquency requires ethnic-specific interventions that are targeted for maximum benefit at appropriate times in childhood to mitigate potentially long-term health, educational, and behavioral risks.
Source: Ear and Hearing - Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Conclusions: These findings suggest that T1DM is associated with degraded neural temporal coding in the brainstem in the absence of an elevation in audiometric threshold, and that the FFR may provide an early indicator of neural damage in T1DM, before any abnormalities can be identified using standard clinical tests. However, the relation between the neural deficits and the behavioral deficits is uncertain.
Source: Ear and Hearing - Category: Audiology Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Conclusions Among older Spanish-speaking adults, self-reported hearing status had varying sensitivities depending on the question asked. However, of the tools evaluated, the self-perception question proved to be a more sensitive and specific tool than a multi-item screen. Objective audiometric testing (> 25 dB HL) resulted in the highest sensitivity to detect a mild hearing loss. PMID: 32073298 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Audiology - Category: Audiology Authors: Tags: Am J Audiol Source Type: research
ConclusionA significant association between hearing handicap and dementia was found. The mechanism of this association requires further research and may involve higher order central processing disorder.
Source: American Journal of Otolaryngology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Hearing impairment in MPS patients is common and is aggravated as the disease progresses. Thus, adequate intervention and hearing rehabilitation might play an important role in managing hearing disabilities in MPS patients.
Source: Otology and Neurotology - Category: ENT & OMF Tags: SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSS AND TINNITUS Source Type: research
ConclusionsEvaluation results, including functional performance metrics quantifying the deleterious effects of hearing loss for overall wellbeing, underscore that bilateral hearing aids are not an effective treatment for individuals with bilateral, moderate sloping to profound sensorineural hearing loss. Individuals with this degree of hearing impairment, who demonstrate poor aided speech understanding and dissatisfaction with hearing abilities in everyday life, require timely referral to a Cochlear implant clinic for further evaluation.
Source: American Journal of Otolaryngology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusion: This study is a first step towards addressing the complex auditory needs of stroke survivors in a systematic manner, with the ultimate aim to support their communication needs and long-term recovery and wellbeing. Registration: Project Identification number 11/0469 and REC ref 11/LO/1675
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
The objective of this review is to summarize what is known regarding HL secondary to these viruses. Literature for this review was gathered using the PubMed database. Articles were excluded if there were no data of the respective viruses, postinfectious complications, or conditions related to survivorship. A total of 50 articles were included in this review. Fourteen articles discussing Zika virus and subsequent complications were included. Across these studies, 56 (21.2%) of 264 Zika-infected individuals were found to have HL. Twenty-one articles discussing Ebola virus and subsequent complications were included, with 190 ...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research
Abstract Purpose It can be challenging to collect reliable behavioral responses to sound from individuals with significant motor or developmental impairments, the most common types of comorbid disability found in children with hearing loss (e.g., Gallaudet Research Institute, 2011). The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility of using a 2-interval, forced-choice, observer-based method for individuals considered to be difficult-to-test using behavioral audiometric assessments. Method Participants were 5 children with motor and developmental impairments, ages 5-15 years (M = 11.6, SD = 4.6). The functional...
Source: American Journal of Audiology - Category: Audiology Authors: Tags: Am J Audiol Source Type: research
ConclusionTFS, when administered in a controlled and monitored environment, may be safe for use in children, including those with underlying neurocognitive disorders.
Source: Pediatric Drugs - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
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