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Total 8754605 results found since Jan 2013.

Virgin olive oil volatile fingerprint and chemometrics: Towards an instrumental screening tool to grade the sensory quality
Publication date: Available online 7 December 2019Source: LWTAuthor(s): Beatriz Quintanilla-Casas, Julen Bustamante, Francesc Guardiola, Diego Luís García-González, Sara Barbieri, Alessandra Bendini, Tullia Gallina Toschi, Stefania Vichi, Alba TresAbstractSensory quality, assessed following a standardized method, is one of the parameters defining the commercial category of virgin olive oil. Considering the difficulties linked to the organoleptic evaluation, specially the high number of samples to be assessed, setting up instrumental methods to support sensory panels becomes a need for the olive oil sector. Volatile fing...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - December 8, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Organic cultivation of grape affects yeast succession and wine sensory quality during spontaneous fermentation
This study enhanced our knowledge about yeast ecology during spontaneous fermentation of wine and demonstrated the influence of viticultural practices on yeast succession and wine quality.
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - December 8, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Structure-antioxidant activity relationship of ferulic acid derivatives: Effect of ester groups at the end of the carbon side chain
Publication date: Available online 7 December 2019Source: LWTAuthor(s): Yan-Zhen Zheng, Yu Zhou, Rui Guo, Zhong-Min Fu, Da-Fu ChenAbstractDifferences in the antioxidant activity of ferulic acid and its nine naturally occurring derivatives with the presence of different ester groups at the end of their carbon side chains were investigated using the density functional theory (DFT) method. The thermodynamics parameters related to the double H+/e− free radical scavenging mechanisms were calculated in the gas, benzene and water phases. In the investigated phases, ferulic acid with the COOH group or COO− group and its differ...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - December 8, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes in primary tumors of colorectal cancer and their metastases.
In conclusion, TILs assessment in primary tumors of colorectal cancer, surrounding deposits of tumor cells and in the metastatic cells in the liver may be helpful in understanding the role of these cells in the organization of immune response. PMID: 31807155 [PubMed]
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - December 8, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research

Effect of different doses and time-courses of corticosteroid treatment in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome: A meta-analysis.
Authors: Sun S, Liu D, Zhang H, Zhang X, Wan B Abstract While previous trials have indicated that the use of corticosteroids for patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is effective, the dosage and time-course for the use of corticosteroids remain a subject of controversy. The present study aimed to address and resolve these problems. PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library databases were searched from inception to March 2017 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs), which included patients with ARDS using corticosteroids. Related data were extracted independently by two investigators. The Mantel-Ha...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - December 8, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research

Elevated miR-195-5p expression in deep vein thrombosis and mechanism of action in the regulation of vascular endothelial cell physiology.
In conclusion, miR-195-5p was significantly upregulated in patients with DVT, and it may be involved in the development of DVT by regulating the apoptosis of vascular endothelial cells. Therefore, miR-195-5p may be a potential target for predicting and treating DVT. PMID: 31807149 [PubMed]
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - December 8, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research

Standardized measurement of auricle: A method of high-precision and reliability based on 3D scanning and Mimics software.
Authors: Wang D, Jiang H, Pan B, Yang Q, He L, Sun H, Yu X, Lin L Abstract Objective measurement is important for diagnosing congenital or acquired auricular abnormalities and the evaluation of therapeutic efficacy. However, methods applied in the past were mostly inaccurate and unreliable. The present study aimed to introduce five standardized indices for auricle measurement and present a highly precise and reliable methodology combining three-dimensional (3D) scanning techniques and the Materialise Mimics software for the evaluation of auricle sizes. A total of 20 normal ears were measured independently by four s...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - December 8, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research

Effect of brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity combined with blood pressure on cardio-cerebrovascular events.
In conclusion, high baPWV accompanied by hypertension could increase the risk of cardio-cerebrovascular events. The predictive value of baPWV combined with BP on cardio-cerebrovascular events is superior compared with that of either baPWV or BP alone. PMID: 31807146 [PubMed]
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - December 8, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research

Rating the environmental and genetic risk factors for colorectal cancer.
Authors: Toma M, Beluşică L, Stavarachi M, Apostol P, Spandole S, Radu I, Cimponeriu D Abstract Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a disease preventable in up to 50% of the patients by lifestyle modifications. The preventive strategy for the decrease in the incidence and mortality of CRC is based on understanding the relations between the environmental and genetic factors. The most important identified risk factors for CRC are aging, personal and familial history of CRC or adenomas, hereditary colon cancer syndromes, dietary patterns, and inflammatory bowel disease. The purpose of this review is to update data referring ...
Source: Journal of Medicine and Life - December 8, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Life Source Type: research

Management in Fallot Tetralogy associated with Congenital Scoliosis Case Report.
Authors: Ximena S Abstract Tetralogy of Fallot is the most common congenital heart malformation that produces cyanosis. It consists of four different defects of the heart: ventricular septal defect, pulmonary artery stenosis (blockage of blood flow from the right ventricle to the lungs), right ventricle hypertrophy and dextroposition of aorta. Echocardiography is essential in establishing the diagnosis of patients with cardiac malformation. Patients with Fallot tetralogy present a higher frequency of major non-cardiac congenital disorders. The association with congenital scoliosis influences vital and functional ov...
Source: Journal of Medicine and Life - December 8, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Life Source Type: research

Updates in CT characterization of thymic epithelial tumors in patients with myasthenia gravis.
Authors: Popa GA, Tomulescu V, Popescu I, Herlea V, Lupescu IG Abstract Thymic epithelial tumors have been traditionally classified into two main types: noninvasive and invasive thymoma. Several classifications have been proposed for thymic tumors, but according to these classifications, the prognosis of patients with thymomas varies considerably. Our purpose is to present different CT aspects according to various subtypes of thymic epithelial neoplasms based on the simplified World Health Organization classification. In this article, we will discuss and illustrate histologic and functional features of the thymus a...
Source: Journal of Medicine and Life - December 8, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Life Source Type: research

The effects of Zinc on human body, including on renal failure and renal transplantation.
This article reviews some epidemiological, clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of these conditions. PMID: 31803301 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Medicine and Life - December 8, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Life Source Type: research

Photoplethysmography as a Potential Alternative to Electrocardiography for Recording Heart Rate Intervals Used in Variability Analysis.
This study investigates the use of photoplethysmography (PPG) as a comfortable alternative to electrocardiography (ECG) for heart rate variability (HRV) analysis. Although HRV is typically analyzed from an ECG trace, PPG poses a likely alternative, as arterial pulsations and peripheral tissue perfusion (as measured by PPG) are coupled with cardiac electrical activity (as measured by ECG). PPG may be more desirable in some clinical circumstances, as a fingertip optical sensor is more comfortable for patients than ECG electrodes, and can reduce waste by not needing to be disposed after each use. Objective. The aim of this st...
Source: Journal of Medicine and Life - December 8, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Life Source Type: research

Microanatomical study of the human pancreatic made on necroptic pieces.
Authors: Purice GI, Onose G Abstract The pancreas is a bulky gland, with mixed secretion, exocrine and endocrine, attached to the duodenum, participating through its secretions in carbohydrates digestion and metabolism. For a long time, it was considered a mysterious organ, with an inaccessible, examining and exploring due to its deep retroperitoneal position. We intend to make a comparative analysis of pancreatic microanatomy, between the examination of the necroptic-collected pieces and the ex vivo pieces, intraoperatively, with the patient's prior consent. We aimed to deepen the qualitative micro anatomic study ...
Source: Journal of Medicine and Life - December 8, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Life Source Type: research

Current conservative approaches and novelties on pressure sores in patients needing neurorehabilitation.
Conclusion: Patients needing neurorehabilitation associate immobility at high risk for the development of decubitus ulcers. The most efficient way to prevent and treat pressure sores, is to early asses and identify their general and respectively specific risk factors in each patient and consequently to promptly initiate prevention or curative appropriate measures. PMID: 31803295 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Medicine and Life - December 8, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Life Source Type: research

Assumptions and conceptual contributions to improve the global assistive performance of actual wheelchairs, in order to enhance the users' autonomy and quality of life.
Discussion: The wheelchair particularities that we pursue, and which are distinguished from the other models, is the fact that the wheelchair is powered, pliable and allows verticalization, hopefully at a price comparable or even lower than the current state of the art models (but none of them succeeded by now to fulfil all this three basic functions on a single "all in one" such device). Hence, if our optimized prototype will achieve technical and clinical validation, this will result in a significant enhancement of autonomy and QoL for the users. PMID: 31803294 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Medicine and Life - December 8, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Life Source Type: research

Health - Nutrition- Fitness- Wellness- Present and Future.
Authors: Purcarea VL PMID: 31803278 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Medicine and Life - December 8, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Life Source Type: research

Florida among least healthiest states, report finds
Florida is the thirty-third healthiest state in the country this year, dropping four spots from its 2018, according to a new report published by the United Health Foundation. For the America's Health Ranking's 2019 Annual Report, researchers assessed several factors that fell under the categories of behaviors, policy, community and environment, clinical care and outcomes. Areas where Florida fell short included a high prevalence of drug deaths and infectious diseases , a low percentage of physical…
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - December 8, 2019 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Olivia Peterkin Source Type: news

Impact of PLA/Mg films degradation on surface physical properties and biofilm survival
Publication date: 1 January 2020Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, Volume 185Author(s): M.Coronada Fernández-Calderón, Daniel Romero-Guzmán, Ana Ferrández-Montero, Ciro Pérez-Giraldo, Jose L. González-Carrasco, Marcela Lieblich, Rosario Benavente, Begoña Ferrari, M.Luisa González-Martín, Amparo M. Gallardo-MorenoAbstractNew biocompatible and bioabsorbable materials are currently being developed for bone regeneration. These serve as scaffolding for controlled drug release and prevent bacterial infections. Films of polylactic acid (PLA) polymers that are Mg-reinforced have demonstrated they have suitabl...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces - December 8, 2019 Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

High-efficient and sustainable biodegradation of microcystin-LR using Sphingopyxis sp. YF1 immobilized Fe3O4@chitosan
Publication date: 1 January 2020Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, Volume 185Author(s): Pian Wu, Guiyin Li, Yafei He, Dan Luo, Lei Li, Jian Guo, Ping Ding, Fei YangAbstractThe microcystin-LR (MC-LR) produced due to harmful cyanobacterial blooms have brought great harm to human and aquatic organisms, attracting a wide public health attention. To deal with MC-LR contamination, we synthesized a novel bio-functionalized composite for the high-efficient and sustainable biodegradation of microcystin-LR by covalent immobilizing Sphingopyxis sp. YF1 onto chitosan-grafted Fe3O4 magnetic particles (Fe3O4@CTS). The Fouri...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces - December 8, 2019 Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

Superhydrophobic copper in biological liquids: Antibacterial activity and microbiologically induced or inhibited corrosion
Publication date: 1 January 2020Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, Volume 185Author(s): Alexandre M. Emelyanenko, Ivan S. Pytskii, Valery V. Kaminsky, Elizaveta V. Chulkova, Alexander G. Domantovsky, Kirill A. Emelyanenko, Vladimir D. Sobolev, Andrey V. Aleshkin, Ludmila B. BoinovichAbstractThe bactericidal activity of copper and copper alloys is well appreciated and was already exploited in medical practice in 19th century. However, despite of being an essential nutrient required by organisms to perform life functions, excess copper is extremely toxic and detrimental to health. Recent studies have shown that ...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces - December 8, 2019 Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

Compulsory voting and political participation: Empirical evidence from Austria
Publication date: Available online 7 December 2019Source: Regional Science and Urban EconomicsAuthor(s): Stefanie Gaebler, Niklas Potrafke, Felix RoeselAbstractWe examine whether compulsory voting influences political participation as measured by voter turnout, invalid voting, political interest, confidence in parliament, and party membership. In Austria, some states temporarily introduced compulsory voting in national elections. We investigate border municipalities across two states which differ in compulsory voting legislation using a difference-in-differences approach. The results show that compulsory voting increased v...
Source: Regional Science and Urban Economics - December 8, 2019 Category: Science Source Type: research

Associations Between Handgrip Strength and Disease-Specific Mortality Including Cancer, Cardiovascular, and Respiratory Diseases in Older Adults: A Meta-Analysis.
Authors: Lee J Abstract Several controversial studies linking handgrip strength and health have suggested that low handgrip strength in older adults may be related to health problems and have investigated whether there is a minimum handgrip strength level associated with reduced mortality. Thus, by meta-analysis, the authors identified an association between handgrip strength in older adults and disease-specific mortality and all-cause mortality. Thirty studies with a total of 194,767 older adult participants were included in this meta-analysis. Higher handgrip strength was associated with an 18% decrease in all-ca...
Source: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity - December 8, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: J Aging Phys Act Source Type: research

How can you conquer ordinary, everyday sadness? Think of it as a person
New research suggests anthropomorphising your emotions can help you control them. But how do you actually go about it?In the Pixar film Inside Out, the emotions of an 11-year-old girl are personified as perky Joy, petulant Disgust and hulking Anger. Sadness – voiced by The American Office’s Phyllis Smith – is, predictably, a downer with a deep side-parting and a chunky knit. Amy Poehler’s Joy can hardly stand to be around her, like a colleague you would time your trips to the tea point to avoid.But the takeaway of the 2015 film – said by Variety to “for ever change the way people think about the way people thin...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - December 8, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Elle Hunt Tags: Health & wellbeing Psychology Mental health Life and style Society Source Type: news

Fight Aging! Newsletter, December 9th 2019
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - December 8, 2019 Category: Research Authors: Reason Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs

Florida among least healthiest states, report finds
Florida is the thirty-third healthiest state in the country this year, dropping four spots from its 2018, according to a new report published by the United Health Foundation. For the America's Health Ranking's 2019 Annual Report, researchers assessed several factors that fell under the categories of behaviors, policy, community and environment, clinical care and outcomes. Areas where Florida fell short included a high prevalence of drug deaths and infectious diseases , a low percentage of physical…
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines - December 8, 2019 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Olivia Peterkin Source Type: news

Robbie Williams health: Star's ‘very scary’ condition that led to stint in intensive care
ROBBIE WILLIAMS is looking better than ever with the release of his Christmas album, The Christmas Present. But the singer hasn ’t always been in tip top health - in 2017 he experienced a health scare which forced him to cancel his tour.
Source: Daily Express - Health - December 8, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Congo authorities say Ebola survivor falls ill a second time
An Ebola survivor has fallen ill with the disease for a second time in eastern Congo, the Congolese health authorities said on Sunday, saying it was not yet clear if it was a case of relapse or reinfection.
Source: Reuters: Health - December 8, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Cookies In Space, For Science
A delicious experiment is set to take place in space. Astronauts will bake cookies on the International Space Station as part of a long line of food innovations fueling space travel.
Source: NPR Health and Science - December 8, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Emily Kwong Source Type: news

East Africa: Germany Gives U.$,128 Million for East Africa's Health
[East African] The East African Community Secretariat has signed an agreement that will see the German government fund health and education programmes in the region to the tune of $128 million.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - December 8, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Sometimes, medicine isn ’t elegant
“The hospital room was as cold as dead skin, the hallway crowded with lost souls and reeking of illness.” ― Raquel Cepeda,“Bird of Paradise: How I Became Latina” Once upon a time, I met a young lady who wanted to be a doctor. I could see the naked determination and resolve in her eyes. […]Find jobs at  Careers by KevinMD.com.  Search thousands of physician, PA, NP, and CRNA jobs now.  Learn more.
Source: Kevin, M.D. - Medical Weblog - December 8, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: < span itemprop="author" > < a href="https://www.kevinmd.com/blog/post-author/nana-dadzie-ghansah" rel="tag" > Nana Dadzie Ghansah, MD < /a > < /span > Tags: Physician Diabetes Hospital-Based Medicine Source Type: blogs

Behaviorally-Mediated Entrainment of Whole-Body Metabolic Processes: Conservation and Evolutionary Development of Mitochondrial Respiratory Complexes.
Authors: Stefano GB, Esch T, Kream RM Abstract The relaxation response derives its health benefits by reestablishing "normal" equilibria between the sympathetic and parasympathetic branches of the autonomic nervous system. Recent work suggests that this behavioral training provides positive effects on mitochondrial bioenergetics, insulin secretion, and reductions in pro-inflammatory and stress-related pathways. We have previously contended, however, that correlative associations of relaxation training with positive changes in gene expression in selected biological systems are strongly suggestive of adaptive physiol...
Source: Medical Science Monitor - December 8, 2019 Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research

Tigers, elephants and pangolins suffer as global wildlife trafficking soars
Dozens of species are now at risk but a conference this week will showcase new technology that could help stop the illegal tradeThe two young women who arrived at Heathrow in February 2014 en route to D üsseldorf were carrying nondescript luggage. Customs officers were suspicious nevertheless and looked inside – to find 13 iguanas stuffed into socks inside the cases. Astonishingly, 12 of the highly endangered San Salvador rock iguanas had survived their transatlantic journey.“There only about 600 of these animals left in the wild, in the Bahamas, and these animals were being taken to a private collector somewhere in G...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - December 8, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Robin McKie Tags: Illegal wildlife trade Animals Science Environment Technology Conservation World news Source Type: news

Gene editing will let us control our very evolution. Will we use it wisely? | Dan Rather
I ’ve covered some of the biggest stories of our age, but this is the biggest and could change what it means to be humanWe live in a time when science and technology are having an impact on our society in more and more ways. And the decisions that shape how these new fields of knowledge develop ultimately affect all of us.Related:Human Nature review – quiet revolution that began in a yoghurt potContinue reading...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - December 8, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Dan Rather Tags: Gene editing Science Genetics Medical research Ethics Biochemistry and molecular biology UK news Source Type: news

Molecular detection and phylogenetic analysis of canine tick-borne pathogens from Korea
This study assessed the prevalence, risk factors, and co-infectivity of CTBP such as piroplasms, rickettsiae, Coxiella burnetii, hepatozoa, hemotropic mycoplasmas, and Borrelia spp., using PCR and phylogenetic analyses. Of the 510 dogs tested, three CTBP, including Anaplasma phagocytophilum 16S rRNA (13; 2.6%), Hepatozoon canis 18S rRNA (2; 0.4%), and Mycoplasma haemocanis 16S rRNA (1; 0.2%) were detected. PCR adapted to amplify A. phagocytophilum msp2 and groEL genes generated amplicons thereof in two out of 13 positive dogs. One shelter dog was co-infected with A. phagocytophilum and M. haemocanis. However, Ehrlichia spp...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - December 8, 2019 Category: Zoology Source Type: research

New Therapies Help Patients With Dementia Cope With Depression
Many patients with cognitive impairment have anxiety or depression, but standard treatments are difficult for people with memory issues.
Source: NYT Health - December 8, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Andrea Petersen Tags: your-feed-science Mental Health and Disorders Depression (Mental) Alzheimer ' s Disease Memory Dementia Psychology and Psychologists Elderly Weill Cornell Medicine your-feed-healthcare Source Type: news

Health department: Vaping data points directly to regulated pot dispensaries
The Massachusetts Department of Public Health on Saturday amplified its allegations that vapes sickening patients came from the regulated cannabis market. In an email to the Business Journal, a spokeswoman from the agency said that of the six patients who told public health officials that they purchased vapes from the regulated market, only one had also purchased products from an unregulated source. The remaining five people that had only purchased THC products "reported that they did not" purchase…
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - December 8, 2019 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Jessica Bartlett Source Type: news

Spatio-temporal formation of the genetic diversity in the Mediterranean dwelling lichen during the Neogene and Quaternary epochs
This study presents the first comprehensive lichen phylogeography from the Mediterranean region and simultaneously reports for the first time the glacial survival of a warm-adapted lichen in the temperate zone.Graphical abstract
Source: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - December 8, 2019 Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research

Clinicopathological and molecular characteristics of abdominal desmoid tumors in the Chinese population: A single-center report of 15 cases.
In conclusion, Abdominal DTs were prone to occur in patients with FAP with a history of abdominal surgery. Mutations in the APC, CTNNB1 and MUTYH genes were detected in patients with DTs. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study of abdominal DT occurrence in patients with MUTYH-associated FAP. The prognosis of DT associated with FAP may be worse compared with that of sporadic DT. PMID: 31807167 [PubMed]
Source: Oncology Letters - December 8, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Lett Source Type: research

A person's perception of risk can tell us about their chances of opioid relapse
(Rutgers University) People in treatment for opioid addiction are more likely to relapse when they become more tolerant of risks, according to a study by Rutgers and other institutions. The findings can help clinicians better predict which patients are most vulnerable.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - December 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Virtual reality illuminates the power of opioid-associated memories
(American College of Neuropsychopharmacology) The brain acts differently when remembering environments associated with drug use.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - December 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Detection of Weak Doppler Microembolic Signature using Two-Dimensional-Adaptive Time-Frequency Threshold from Spectrogram
Publication date: March 2020Source: Biomedical Signal Processing and Control, Volume 57Author(s): Sébastien Ménigot, Maroun Geryes, Jean-Marc GiraultAbstractPrevention of cerebrovascular accidents (CVA) can be achieved by detecting their related precursor signs. A new generation of transcranial Doppler (TCD) systems is presented for detecting the smallest possible microemboli. However, many artefacts appear with these mono-gated Holter TCDs. Thus, the aim of the method becomes achieving microembolic detection while rejecting artefacts. For the clinicians’ procedure, the detection proposed is based on an adaptive thresh...
Source: Biomedical Signal Processing and Control - December 8, 2019 Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research

Application of intelligent automatic segmentation and 3D reconstruction of inferior turbinate and maxillary sinus from computed tomography and analyze the relationship between volume and nasal lesion
This study aimed to propose an automatic recognition and volume calculation for the inferior turbinate and maxillary sinus by using image processing techniques. The back propagation neural network (BPNN) was used for automatic recognition of the inferior turbinate and maxillary sinus. Parametric template matching (PTM) and the sub-region similarity were used as feature inputs. The level set method (LSM) was applied to circle the contour of the inferior turbinate and maxillary sinus. The marching cubes algorithm was employed for 3D reconstruction and visualization. The volume information was obtained from the nonlinear regr...
Source: Biomedical Signal Processing and Control - December 8, 2019 Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research

Stabilization of Cationic Zinc Phthalocyanine Monomers by Adsorption on Clay Nanosheet Colloid and Photogeneration of Singlet Oxygen
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: ChemistryAuthor(s): Takuya Fujimura, Kazuki Arita, Rei Fujishiro, Kazuya Okada, Takahisa Ikeue, Ryo SasaiAbstractTo determine the optimal conditions for the stabilization of cationic zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc4+) monomers within an aqueous medium, the adsorption behavior of ZnPc4+ on the surface of an anionic clay nanosheet was investigated. It was determined that ZnPc4+ could be adsorbed as a monomer on the surface of an anionic clay nanosheet dispersed in an aqueous medium, containing up to 0.9 ZnPc4+ per cationic excha...
Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry - December 8, 2019 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

The effect of emotional appeal on seafarers’ safety behaviour: An extended health belief model
ConclusionsThe current study enriches existing theoretical research on safety behaviour by synthesising cognitive and affect theories. In addition, the study draws important implications on safety management such as training and education. It also implicates communication policies of shipping companies.
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 8, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: December 2019Source: Journal of Transport & Health, Volume 15Author(s):
Source: Journal of Transport and Health - December 8, 2019 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

Association between free tobacco product sample receipt and tobacco use in youth and adults in the PATH Study, 2014–2016
Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: Preventive MedicineAuthor(s): Elisabeth A. Donaldson, Joelle N. Robinson, Anh Nguyen ZarndtAbstractTobacco companies have distributed free samples of tobacco products in the past. While prior studies have found a relationship between various marketing strategies and tobacco use, no study has assessed the prevalence of free sample receipt or the relationship between receipt and subsequent tobacco use. We analyze three waves of Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) Study data to provide the first nationally representative prevalence estimates of free toba...
Source: Preventive Medicine - December 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Magnitude of domestic violence and its socio-demographic correlates among pregnant women in Delhi - Garg S, Singh MM, Rustagi R, Engtipi K, Bala I.
CONTEXT: Domestic violence is violation of basic human rights, and poses a threat to the physical, mental, and social health aspects of women and her children. The causation of domestic violence is precipitated by many risk factors. AIMS: Aim was to estima...
Source: SafetyLit - December 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Social Etiologies and Disparities Source Type: news

The role of interpersonal style in aggression and its containment in a forensic mental health setting: A correlational and pseudoprospective study of patients and nursing staff - Jalil R, Huber JW, Sixsmith J, Dickens GL.
Inpatient aggression on mental health wards is common and staff-patient interactions are frequently reported antecedents to aggression. However, relatively little is known about the precise relationship between aggression and these interactions, or their r...
Source: SafetyLit - December 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Understanding Barriers to HPV Vaccination: Perspectives From Air Force Family Medicine Physicians and Active Duty Air Force Males.
CONCLUSION: Deficiencies in public knowledge and insufficient provider practices are likely contributing to the suboptimal rates of HPV vaccination among eligible males. Additionally, eligible males are not interested in speaking with their healthcare providers about either HPV or the HPV vaccine. If the rates of HPV vaccination within the male population are to increase, health educators, public health proponents, and vaccine advocates need to devise a more effective approach to disseminate this information to eligible male recipients. PMID: 31808930 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Military Medicine - December 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research