The Relation Between Worry and Mental Health in Nonclinical Population and Individuals with Anxiety and Depressive Disorders: A Meta-Analysis

ConclusionsThe main findings suggest that (1) worry is strongly associated with poor mental health, (2) worry is associated with poor mental health even outside of GAD and clinical populations included in the current meta-analysis, and (3) there are differences in this association across the lifespan. Overall, the results from this meta-analysis support earlier calls for intense worry to be assessed and treated, regardless of whether the individual has a diagnosis of GAD or MDD.
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

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Sleep Breath. 2022 Jan 8. doi: 10.1007/s11325-021-02547-1. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: To investigate the positive impact of e-aid cognitive behavioural therapy on the sleep quality, anxiety, and depression of nurses on site during the COVID-19 pandemic.METHODS: Nurses on site at the Tianjin Medical University General Hospital Airport Site experiencing insomnia, anxiety and depression during the COVID-19 prevention and control period, from February 2020 to April 2021, were selected and divided into either an e-aid cognitive behavioural therapy (eCBT-I) group or a control group using a randomized grouping metho...
Source: Sleep and Breathing - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Introduction Emerging adulthood is a phase in life that is associated with an increased risk to develop a variety of mental health disorders including anxiety and depression. However, less than 25% of university students receive professional help for their mental health reports. Internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT) may entail useful interventions in a format that is attractive for university students. The aim of this study protocol is to test the effectiveness of a therapist-guided versus a computer-guided transdiagnostic iCBT programme with a main focus on anxiety and depression. Methods and analysis Unive...
Source: BMJ Open - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Open access, Mental health Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Two assessments of the disproportionality of depressive reactions demonstrated evidence of reliability and validity. Despite limited efforts at assessment to date, these results suggest these measures may be able to reliably distinguish the disproportionality of depressive reactions and allow clinicians to better assess contextual life stress depressive disorders.PMID:34638163 | DOI:10.1002/cpp.2675
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Behav Modif. 2021 Jul 22:1454455211033515. doi: 10.1177/01454455211033515. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTTo our knowledge, no studies on health conditions in U.S. military firefighters exist. Data and demographics from the Defense Medical Epidemiology Database were analyzed on several shared medical issues among military personnel and civilian firefighters. Descriptive statistics and Chi-Square goodness of fit tests were conducted to support study aims. Between 2001 and 2015, substantial incidence rate increases (per 10,000) of tinnitus, PTSD, insomnia, and OSA (2005-2015) were observed. Modest to large increases in depres...
Source: Behavior Modification - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsGroup intervention improves RNT and quality of life of patients treated for MDD and/or GAD. Improvements remain stable until 9  months after treatment. Limitations of the study included the small sample size, the lack of a long-term follow-up in the delayed treatment control group and the inclusion of highly educated patients with mainly high comorbid generalized anxiety disorder and depression.
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Bell (1985)Can a set of equations predict and quantify complex emotions resulting from financial decisions made in an uncertain environment? Aninfluential paper by David E. Bell considered the implications of disappointment, a psychological reaction caused by comparing an actual outcome to a more optimistic expected outcome, as in playing the lottery. Equations for regret, disappointment, elation, and satisfaction have been incorporated into economic models of financial decision-making (e.g., variants ofprospect theory).Financial choices comprise one critical aspect of decision-making in our daily lives. There are so many ...
Source: The Neurocritic - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to show that efficient treatment for a specific disorder resulted in changes across NEO-PI-R factors and facets, and that more efficient treatment results in greater change. If this reflects a reduced trait vulnerability for mental disorder, this might provide evidence of relapse prevention. PMID: 33338315 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research
AbstractIndecisiveness is trait-like difficulty making decisions across time and situations. Past investigations indicate that indecisiveness is associated with Major Depressive Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, and Obsessive –Compulsive Disorder as well as with neuroticism, Intolerance of Uncertainty (IU), and avoidance. The most used measure of indecisive is Frost and Shows’ (Behav Res Therapy, 1993. Indecisiveness Scale (IS), which has been revised to remove situation-s pecific indecision items. Research evaluating the original and revised IS (RIS) has found...
Source: Journal of Rational-Emotive and Cognitive-Behavior Therapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
ConclusionsHighly central memories were associated with a distinct emotional experience and emotion regulation strategies. Brooding, when remembering highly central events, was robustly associated with all types of internalizing symptoms. Other emotion regulation strategies showed less consistent patterns, and emotion regulation for low centrality memories was related only to worry. Overall, the findings underscore the importance that memory centrality has for understanding emotion regulation when experiencing elevated depressive and anxiety symptoms.
Source: Cognitive Therapy and Research - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
AbstractAlthough the effectiveness of dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) has not been addressed to date, cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is the gold-standard psychotherapy for GAD patients. The present study investigated effects of DBT versus CBT on emotion regulation and mindfulness in GAD patients. Conducted in Iran, 68 GAD patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups: CBT or DBT. Assessment was performed at pre-treatment, post-treatment, and at 3  months follow-up. Evaluation included the Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale (GAD-7), Structured Clinical ...
Source: Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
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