With Airstrikes in Iraq, Trump Draws America Further into Middle East Conflict
John GlaserThe U.S. airstrike that killed the Iranian Maj. Gen. Qassim Soleimani is a dangerous and reckless act that is almost certain to trigger an escalation of violence in the Middle East, including the possibility of retaliatory Iranian actions against U.S. forces in the region.There is also likely to be backlash from Baghdad. The bombing killed Soleimani as well as Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, an important Shia paramilitary leader in Iraq ’s Popular Mobilization Units with close ties to Iran. (Note: Iran’s increased influence in Iraq is a direct consequence of the U.S. invasion in 2003 and the subsequent decisi...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 3, 2020 Category: American Health Authors: John Glaser Source Type: blogs

All I Wanted for Christmas Was a National Defense Authorization Act
Brandon ValerianoWe finally have an NDAA! This is exciting news for many, mainly because operating under a Continuing Resolution  is detrimental to national defense, since it funds past priorities without updating our outlays in light of evolving events and challenges.The FY 2020NDAA includes some provisions that might excite us, such federal parental leave, more support for child care within the military, and a pay increase for the military to retain the best and increase social services. Other contributions are less than enthralling (a paragraph on firefighting foam?!?).AsChris Preble notes, one of the main failings...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - December 10, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Brandon Valeriano Source Type: blogs

Trump ’s Needlessly Dangerous Saudi Arabia Deployment
Ted Galen CarpenterThe Trump administration has approved the deployment to Saudi Arabia of Air Force F-15s, new air defense systems, and other military hardware, along with U.S. troops to operate and maintain those weapons systems.These new measures the Pentagon announced on October 11 will bring the total U.S. troop deployment to the kingdom to 3,000 since a mid-September attack on Saudi oil facilities.Speaking to reporters after the announcement,Secretary of Defense Mark Esper said that it is now “clear that Iranians are responsible” for the attacks and warned that Washington has additional units “on al...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - October 14, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Ted Galen Carpenter Source Type: blogs

Striking Iran In Response to Abqaiq Attack Would Be a Mistake
Christopher A. PrebleThe smoke hasn ’t yet cleared from the attack on Saudi Aramco’s facility, but U.S. officials were quick to pin blame on Iran, with some even going so far as to suggest thatmilitary strikes could be – and should be – in the offing.Such a move should upset constitutional purists; Congress hasn ’t authorized military action against Iran for these purposes. The case that the Trump administration might present to Congress in an attempt to build support for strikes is unlikely to be compelling. Indeed, the story of the attack and what U.S. military strikes in retaliation would a...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 16, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Christopher A. Preble Source Type: blogs

The 2019 Arms Sales Risk Index
Caroline Dorminey andA. Trevor ThrallThe 2019 Arms Sales Risk Index, designed to help policy makers assess the potential negative consequences of international arms sales, is now online at Catohere. It represents an expanded and improved version of the original risk index published in  Risky Business: The Role of Arms Sales in U.S. Foreign Policy,  published in 2018 by A. Trevor Thrall and Caroline Dorminey.The United States has long been the world ’s leading arms exporter. In 2018 the Trump administration notified Congress of $78 billion in major conventional weapons sales, giving the United States 31% of ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 11, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Caroline Dorminey, A. Trevor Thrall Source Type: blogs

Trump ’s “Cakewalk” Fantasy about an Iran War
Although President Trump apparently called off a planned airstrike on Iran at the last minute in late June, he subsequently warned Iranian leaders that the military option was still very much on the table. He emphasized that if the United States used force against Iran, Washington would not put boots on the ground but would wage the conflict entirely with America ’s vast air power. Trump exhibited no doubt about the outcome, asserting that such a war “wouldn ’t last very long, ” and that it would mean the “obliteration” of Iran.His boast was eerily reminiscent of the statement that Kenne...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - July 3, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Ted Galen Carpenter Source Type: blogs

The Right Call on Iran, But It Shouldn ’t Be Trump’s Call
It says something about the way we go to war now that one almost feels like thanking President Trump for deciding, at the last minute, not to kill (at least) 150 people —and risk catastrophic conflict with Iran—in order to avenge one unmanned Northrup-Grumman RQ-4 Global Hawk drone, downed by an Iranian missile. It wouldn’t be “proportionate,” hesaid, and he ’s right—though that apparentlydidn ’t bother National Security Adviser John Bolton, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, and CIA Director Gina Haspel.While you ’d never call the man cautious, much lesssqueamish about fo...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 21, 2019 Category: American Health Source Type: blogs

America Is Nearly Alone on Iran Policy
The Trump administration continues to pursue an extremely confrontational policy toward Iran, and Washington finds itself increasingly alone in doing so.   Even most of the traditional European allies show little enthusiasm for the U.S. approach.  Indeed, many of them now are openly defying Washington’s wishes.  As I discuss in a recentNational Interest Onlinearticle, such resistance has been building for some time, but the administration ’s newest actions have intensified the opposition. NATO governments are especially uneasy about Washington ’s decision todeploy B-52 bombers, sendan ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 3, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Ted Galen Carpenter Source Type: blogs

DEFENSE DOWNLOAD: Week of 2/7/19
Welcome to the Defense Download! This new round-up is intended to highlight  what we at the Cato Institute are keeping tabs on in the world of defense politics every week. The three-to-five trending stories will vary depending on the news cycle, what policymakers are talking about, and will pull from all sides of the political spectrum. If you would like to receive more f requent updates on what I’m reading, writing, and listening to—you can follow me on Twitter via @CDDorminey.   “Sold to an ally, lost to an enemy, ” Nima Elbagir, Salma Abdelaziz, Mohamed Abo El Gheit, and ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - February 7, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Caroline Dorminey Source Type: blogs

American Weapons in Yemen: A Cautionary Tale
CNNbrokean important story today outlining how Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) have intentionally transferred American-made weapons to violent non-state actors. Intended as a government to government sale, everything from American rifles to Oshkosh armored vehicles to TOW anti-tank missiles have made their way into the hands of “Al Qaeda-linked fighters, hard-line Salafi militias, and other factions waging war in Yemen. ”Although the extent of the problem in Yemen is disturbing, the illegal dispersion of American weapons is nothing new. And the fact that Saudi Arabia and the UAE are unreliable c...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - February 5, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: A. Trevor Thrall, Caroline Dorminey Source Type: blogs

DEFENSE DOWNLOAD: Week of 1/31/19
Welcome to the Defense Download! This new round-up is intended to highlight  what we at the Cato Institute are keeping tabs on in the world of defense politics every week. The three-to-five trending stories will vary depending on the news cycle, what policymakers are talking about, and will pull from all sides of the political spectrum. If you would like to receive more f requent updates on what I’m reading, writing, and listening to—you can follow me on Twitter via @CDDorminey.   “Warren, Smith introduce bill to bar US from using nuclear weapons first, ” Joe Gould. Two Demo...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 31, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: Caroline Dorminey Source Type: blogs

Travel Ban Separates Thousands of U.S. Citizens from Their Spouses & Minor Children
President Trump announced the first version of his “travel ban” 2 years ago this weekend. The policy has already separated thousands of U.S. citizens from their spouses and minor children. In its current form, the travel ban blocks visas to nationals of five majority Muslim countries. By the end of this fiscal year, the government is on pace to separate an estimated 15,000 spouses and adopted minor children of U.S. citizens.While the State Department has not publicly revealed the exact figures, prior trends in visa issuances indicate that as of January 1, 2019, the travel ban had already prevented 9,284 spouses...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 29, 2019 Category: American Health Authors: David Bier Source Type: blogs

DEFENSE DOWNLOAD: Week of 12/13
Welcome to the Defense Download! This new round-up is intended to highlight  what we at the Cato Institute are keeping tabs on in the world of defense politics every week. The three-to-five trending stories will vary depending on the news cycle, what policymakers are talking about, and will pull from all sides of the political spectrum. If you would like to recieve more f requent updates on what I’m reading, writing, and listening to—you can follow me on Twitter via @CDDorminey.   The Senate just passed (and I mean, just passed, that ’s why the Defense Download is going out a bit ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - December 13, 2018 Category: American Health Authors: Caroline Dorminey Source Type: blogs

Trump Cut Muslim Refugees 91%, Immigrants 30%, Visitors by 18%
ConclusionThe bottom line is that the Trump administration is leading a major overhaul in the types of travelers, immigrants, and visitors who are coming to the United States. His administration reduced Muslim refugees by 91 percent and has overseen a 30 percent cut to immigrant visas for majority Muslim countries and an 18 percent cut to temporary visas. These policies lacka valid national security justification, but they are nonetheless having a significant effect. President Trump is certainly following through on his promise to limit Muslim immigration, even if a “total and complete shutdown” has not happene...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - December 7, 2018 Category: American Health Authors: David Bier Source Type: blogs

DEFENSE DOWNLOAD: Week of 12/6
Welcome to the Defense Download! This new round-up is intended to highlight  what we at the Cato Institute are keeping tabs on in the world of defense politics every week. The three-to-five trending stories will vary depending on the news cycle, what policymakers are talking about, and will pull from all sides of the political spectrum. If you would like to recieve more f requent updates on what I’m reading, writing, and listening to—you can follow me on Twitter via @CDDorminey.   This first suggestion actually comes in two parts: The Texas National Security Review hosted two policy rou...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - December 6, 2018 Category: American Health Authors: Caroline Dorminey Source Type: blogs

Three Basic Principles for Immigration Reform
I have previously described in detailthe reforms that America ’s immigration system needs. In this post, I want to highlight what I think the general principles behind those reforms should be. Three basic principles should guide immigration reform: openness, equal treatment, and flexibility. Reform should make America more open to immigrants, should treat al l immigrants equally as individuals, and should be flexible enough to respondautomatically to changes in the economy or society.1) Openness to new immigrants. Reform should make it easier to immigrate legally, not more difficult. This pillar protects the rights o...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - December 3, 2018 Category: American Health Authors: David Bier Source Type: blogs

DEFENSE DOWNLOAD: Week of 11/29
This report goes in depth on three different ways the military could organize the Space Force: a Space Corps, Space Force-Lite, and Space Force-Heavy. You can get information down to the line-item level or just hit the highlights of total cost estima tes for each option.  (Source: Cato-at-liberty)
Source: Cato-at-liberty - November 29, 2018 Category: American Health Authors: Caroline Dorminey Source Type: blogs

DEFENSE DOWNLOAD: Week of 11/15
Welcome to the Defense Download! This new round-up is intended to highlight  what we at the Cato Institute are keeping tabs on in the world of defense politics every week. The three-to-five trending stories will vary depending on the news cycle, what policymakers are talking about, and will pull from all sides of the political spectrum. If you would like to recieve more f requent updates on what I’m reading, writing, and listening to—you can follow me on Twitter via @CDDorminey.   Today, Senator Rand Paul will take the floor to call for a vote on blocking arms sales to Bahrain —on...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - November 15, 2018 Category: American Health Authors: Caroline Dorminey Source Type: blogs

DEFENSE DOWNLOAD: Week of 11/8
Welcome to the Defense Download! This new round-up is intended to highlight  what we at the Cato Institute are keeping tabs on in the world of defense politics every week. The three-to-five trending stories will vary depending on the news cycle, what policymakers are talking about, and will pull from all sides of the political spectrum. If you would like to recieve more f requent updates on what I’m reading, writing, and listening to—you can follow me on Twitter via @CDDorminey.   “Navy can ’t build fast enough to reach 355 in time. So how will it get there?, ” David T...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - November 8, 2018 Category: American Health Authors: Caroline Dorminey Source Type: blogs

Let's Face It: US Policy in the Middle East Has Failed
The ongoing controversy surrounding the murder of a dissident Saudi journalist and Saudi Arabia ’s brutal bombing campaign of a largely defenseless neighboring Yemen, which has come with an enormous human toll, have elicited increased scrutiny over the U.S.-Saudi alliance. The White House remains supportive of Riyadh, both diplomatically and with continued military aid. Republicans have offe red mildly critical words for the Saudi regime, while an increasing number of Democrats arecalling for a fundamental reassessment of the U.S.-Saudi relationship.Such a reassessment is long overdue. Washington ’s partnership...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - October 19, 2018 Category: American Health Authors: John Glaser Source Type: blogs

I can't believe I'm about to do this . . .
That islink to National Review.Mohammed bin Salman has gone too far, evidently, because he murdered one person. It's perfectly okay, however, that the Saudis have been indiscriminately bombing Yemen, killing children and adult nocombatants by the thousands, since 2015. Oh yeah, using weapons the U.S. sold them. The Saudi naval blockade of the country has left 70% of the population -- 20 million people -- short of food, water and medical care.Lloyd Russell-Moyle has more to say about this in The Guardian.Now it seems likely that if George W. Bush had ordered the murder of a critic in a U.S. consulate somewhere he'd be in bi...
Source: Stayin' Alive - October 17, 2018 Category: American Health Source Type: blogs

Untangling At Last: Policymakers Take Aim at Ending Arms Sales to Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia has a big problem on its hands this week. Despite funnelingsignificant resources into lobbying efforts and U.S. congressional campaigns, the kingdom has found itself in a pickle that it cannot seem to easily extricate itself from: the disappearance of Jamal Khashoggi.  For years, Saudi Arabia ’s war in Yemen has drawn significant criticism for their strategy and tactics. The naval blockade has their smaller neighborgrappling with a devastating famine and a dearth of medical supplies and humanitarian aid. The Saudi ’s air campaign has also proven deeply problematic—either from their poor ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - October 12, 2018 Category: American Health Authors: Caroline Dorminey Source Type: blogs

U.S. Whitewashes Saudi War Crimes
There are indications now that the Saudi Arabian government may havemurdered a prominent Saudi journalist who advocated domestic reforms and opposed Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman. A Turkish investigation concluded that a 15-member “preplanned murder team” killed Jamal Khashoggi when he was visiting the Saudi consulate in Istanbul. Not surprisingly, Riyadh has flatly denied Turkey’s allegation, but that denial seems to have even less credibility than most Saudi statements. Khashoggi has contributed articles to theWashington Post and numerous other prominent Western news outlets, and he has an abundance ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - October 9, 2018 Category: American Health Authors: Ted Galen Carpenter Source Type: blogs

It's appalling that this was even necessary
Some police-affiliated docs discuss what to do if a wackjob with a gun attacks your hospital.Defining [active shooter] incidents as situations in which “an individual [is] actively engaged in killing or attempting to kill people in a confined and populated area,” the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has identified 160 discrete incidents that occurred between 2000 and 2013, in which 486 people were killed and an additional 557 were woun ded.6 In the first half of that period, there were an average of 6.4 active-shooter incidents per year; the number more than doubled, to 16.4, in the latter half of the peri...
Source: Stayin' Alive - August 9, 2018 Category: American Health Source Type: blogs

Arms Sales: Pouring Gas on the Fires of Conflict
Do arms sales cause war? Or do wars cause arms sales? Critics of arms salesoften argue that selling weapons abroad fuels conflict. And indeed, one can point to one or more sides using American weapons in many recent conflicts including Syria, Yemen, and Iraq. Skeptics argue,on the other hand, that weapons don ’t start the fire and that conflicts would arise whether or arms exporters like the United States sell weapons abroad.The debate has important implications for foreign policy. If selling or transferring weapons abroad makes conflict more likely, or intensifies conflicts already in process, then the United States...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - July 2, 2018 Category: American Health Authors: A. Trevor Thrall Source Type: blogs

Top 10 Entrepreneurs Reveals Their Success Stories
You're reading Top 10 Entrepreneurs Reveals Their Success Stories, originally posted on Pick the Brain | Motivation and Self Improvement. If you're enjoying this, please visit our site for more inspirational articles. Life gives chances to those who look for them. People say that success happens suddenly, to some extent that is a truth, success is a matter of moments, but to achieve those moments people with courage and valor strive day and night without giving value to themselves. They give importance to their time and utilize it in altering their condition from nothing to someone who matters. Their stories are motivating...
Source: PickTheBrain | Motivation and Self Improvement - June 29, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Chris Albert Tags: featured motivation success Entrepreneurs life simon sinek success stories Source Type: blogs

Travel Ban Cuts Immigration 93%, Travel 86% From Targeted Countries
The Supreme Courtupheld the legality and constitutionality of President Trump ’s travel ban this week, but it had alreadyallowed the ban to go fully into effect on December 4, pending its final decision. We nowhave five full months of data from the State Department to see how the ban has affected immigration and travel from the countries that the ban targeted. Overall, we have seen a dramatic decline in visa approvals, affecting most notably Iranians and Yemenis.Figure 1 shows the difference in the average monthly visa issuances for temporary visitors (i.e. nonimmigrants) and immigrants (i.e. permanent residents) for...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 27, 2018 Category: American Health Authors: David Bier Source Type: blogs

Time for Diplomacy, Not War, in Yemen
On Wednesday June 13 the Saudi-led military coalitionlaunched an assault to seize Hodeidah, the site of Yemen ’s main port. The port, currently held by Houthi fighters, is the primary channel through which humanitarian aid reaches millions of at-risk Yemenis, who have suffered from four long years of civil war.The war has already taken a huge toll on Yemen. If the vital humanitarian aid delivered through Hodeidah is disrupted by a coalition assault, many more civilians could die.The coalition had sought direct military assistance from the United States, which has provided weapons, intelligence, and logistical support...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - June 13, 2018 Category: American Health Authors: A. Trevor Thrall Source Type: blogs

Ukraine, Trump, and Javelin Missiles
Yesterday the New York Timesreported that in early April Ukraine ’s president, Petro Poroshenko, ordered his chief federal prosecutor to halt four anticorruption investigations involving Ukrainians connected to Paul Manafort, Donald Trump’s former campaign chairman and a central figure in Robert Mueller’s investigations here in the United States.Perhaps not coincidentally,Ukraine announced on April 30 that it had received 210 Javelin antitank missiles, purchased from the United States to bolster its fight against Russian proxies in the Donbass region of Ukraine. Though the State Department initially appro...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - May 4, 2018 Category: American Health Authors: A. Trevor Thrall Source Type: blogs

U.S. Approves Far Fewer Muslim Refugees, Immigrants, & Travelers
ConclusionPresident Trump appears to be fulfilling his campaign promise. The United States is accepting the fewest Muslim refugees in decades, and immigration from the Muslim world has received an unprecedented cut under his administration. On the campaign trail, President Trump assured voters that the Muslim ban would be a “temporary ban.” In the coming months, we will find out how temporary these policies discouraging Muslim immigration turn out to be. (Source: Cato-at-liberty)
Source: Cato-at-liberty - April 23, 2018 Category: American Health Authors: David Bier Source Type: blogs

Risk perception
Ah yes, one of my favorite subjects.Two and a half million people fly in the United States every day. Until Tuesday of this week, there had not been a single fatality resulting from a commercial flight in the United States since 2009. On Tuesday, one person died following the disintegration of an engine on a Southwest Airlines flight.This event was the lead story on every TV news program and on every major new web site, and has continued to be a front page story every day since. Nobody has been paying attention, but if the past three days have been about average, more than 300 people have died in the U.S. in motor vehicle ...
Source: Stayin' Alive - April 19, 2018 Category: American Health Source Type: blogs

Profiles of Every Terrorism Vetting Failure in the Last 30 Years
In my newpolicy analysis released today, I identify 65 vetting failures where the visa vetting system allowed a foreign-born person to enter the United States as an adult or older teenager when they had already radicalized —80 percent occurred before 9/11. Just 13 vetting failures have occurred since 9/11, and only one—the last one (Tashfeen Malik)—resulted in any deaths in the United States. That’s one vetting failure for every 29 million visa or status approvals, and one deadly failure for every 379 million visa or status approvals from 2002 to 2016.As I note, 9/11 is reasonable point of analysis ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - April 17, 2018 Category: American Health Authors: David Bier Source Type: blogs

Increased Civilian Casualties and a Disturbing Question from President Trump
Back in 2015, candidate Donald Trump caused a stir when hepublicly advocated murdering the families of terrorists. At the time, this was widely condemned for its immoral cruelty and as a violation of the laws of war. Richard D. Rosen, director of the Center for Military Law and Policy at the Texas Tech University School of Law,described “a policy of intentionally and directly targeting the families of terrorists” as “a war crime.” To the relief of many, theNew York Times  reported in March 2016 that Trump had “reversed course on his vow to kill the families of ter...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - April 6, 2018 Category: American Health Authors: John Glaser Source Type: blogs

Emulating Our Adversaries, Betraying Our National Values
President Trump ’s appointment of Gina Haspel as the new director of the Central Intelligence Agency has revived memories of the abuses the CIA committed during George W. Bush’s administration. The appointment is indeed deeply troubling, since Haspel ran one of the Agency’s infamous overseas “black sites” that featured “enhanced interrogation” techniques (a cynical euphemism for torture). But as I point out in a newNational Interest Onlinearticle, Haspel ’s conduct is the symptom of a much deeper problem. Both during the Cold War and the war on terror, too many U.S. officials...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - March 26, 2018 Category: American Health Authors: Ted Galen Carpenter Source Type: blogs

The G word
German Lopez for Voxoffers a good overview of the problem of gun violence. One indisputable fact that immediately cuts through the bullshit is that the U.S. has far more homicide deaths by firearm than all the other developed countries -- and that is by an astonishing margin. Homicides by firearm per year per 1 million people are 29.7 in the U.S. The comparable number in Australia is 1.4.The U.S. is also unique in that it has -- again, by far -- the highest proportion of privately owned guns per person in the world -- not just the developed world, the entire planet. Number 2 is Yemen, by the way. The data are a bit old and...
Source: Stayin' Alive - March 26, 2018 Category: American Health Source Type: blogs

Transparency Casts Doubt on American Role in Yemen
On Tuesday, a vote in the Senatesought to curtail America ’s participation in the destruction of Yemen. This vote was the culmination of months of dedicated work by those involved in this issue, and the resolution failed by only a few votes. It forced a debate on the topic and added to international momentum to resolve the conflict peacefully. On Thursday, the Trump administrationnotified Congress of three new arms sales to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia —the country that has repeatedly tossed aside the laws of armed conflict to indiscriminately target cities and civilian populations. Nevertheless it seems th...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - March 23, 2018 Category: American Health Authors: Caroline Dorminey, A. Trevor Thrall Source Type: blogs

The Two Faces of Mohammed bin Salman
Saudi Arabia ’s prodigal son returns to Washington this week, beginning a tour through the United States apparently aimed at drumming up investment in the country. Mohammed bin Salman (MBS) is young with big ideas: he wants to reform Saudi society and wean the Saudi economy off oil. He also wants to build up S audi as a foreign policy player – with or without the United States – and cement Saudi dominance in the Gulf.It ’s small wonder then that profiles and articles about the prince typically either laud him as a great reformer or simply criticize his foreign policy blunders. The truth is an accura...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - March 19, 2018 Category: American Health Authors: Emma Ashford Source Type: blogs

Counterinsurgency Math Revisited
When does 32,200 – 60,000 = 109,000? That seemingly inaccurate equation represents theestimated number of Islamist-inspiredterrorists when the war on terror began, how many the U.S.has killed since 2015, and the number thatfight today. And it begs the question of just how can the terror ranks grow so fast when they ’re being depleted so rapidly.As early as 2003, then-Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld hinted at the potential mathematical problem when he asked, “Are we capturing, killing, or deterring and dissuading more terrorists every day than the madrassas and the radical clerics are recruiting, trai...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - January 2, 2018 Category: American Health Authors: A. Trevor Thrall, Erik Goepner Source Type: blogs

All I Want for Christmas is the Travel Ban to End
On December 4, 2017, the U.S. Supreme Courtallowed thethird version of the President ’s travel ban, which limits the entry of citizens fromeight countries, to go into effect. The White House claimed the Supreme Court decision as a victory, with spokesman Hogan Gidleysaying, “The proclamation is lawful and essential to protecting our homeland. We look forward to presenting a fuller defense of the proclamation as the pending cases work their way through the courts.”While thedomestic implications of the Supreme Court ’s decision will unfold in the next few weeks, the foreign policy implications will be...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - December 14, 2017 Category: American Health Authors: Sahar Khan Source Type: blogs

Muslim Ban? Fewer Muslim Refugees, Immigrants, and Travelers Enter U.S. in 2017
During his campaign, President Trumppromised to ban all Muslims outright until he could figure out “what is going on.” Helater explained that this idea had developed into several policies that would have the same effect. Since his inauguration, Trump has begun to implement them —they includeslashing the refugee program,banning all immigration and travelers from several majority Muslim countries, andimposing new burdens on all visa applicants as part of “extreme vetting” initiatives. So far, these policies appear to have “worked,” strongly reducing Muslim immigration and travel to t...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - December 13, 2017 Category: American Health Authors: David Bier Source Type: blogs

Intolerable Cruelty With No Security Rationale: U.S. Support of Saudi Arabia in Yemen
The United States is helping one of the most vicious authoritarian regimes in the world bomb and blockade one of the poorest and most defenseless countries in the world. Painful as it may be for Americans to hear,  war crimesare being committed with America ’s support.Saudi Arabia launched its war on Yemen in 2015 onflimsy national security grounds and almost immediately garnered criticism from the United Nations and human rights groups for indiscriminate bombings, and in some cases deliberate targeting, of civilian areas. Saudi bombs havelanded onresidential homes,marketplaces,refugee camps,schools, hospitals, ...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - November 21, 2017 Category: American Health Authors: John Glaser Source Type: blogs

Prior Presidents ’ “Travel Bans” Are Different From President Trump’s Ban
President Trump ’stravel ban Proclamation that bans immigration and travel from seven countries (and limits it from an eighth) is based on authority in immigration law that other presidents have used. But all but one of these bans were quite different from President Trump ’s. They banned at most a few thousand—almost always specifically named—individuals based on their personal conduct, not their nationality. In the one exception, not all nationals were banned, and the requirements to end the ban were very clear. Neither of which can be said for the Trump ban.Different in ScaleNo president has attem...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - November 16, 2017 Category: American Health Authors: David Bier Source Type: blogs

Can Congress Constrain Trump on North Korea?
It seems President Trump has aroused heightened interest in the exercise of Congress ’s constitutional powers in war and peace. In a 366-30 vote this week, the House of Representativespassed a nonbinding resolution declaring the U.S. military ’s role in Saudi Arabia’s war in Yemen unauthorized. That’s a start. Even more promisingly, a growing group of Senate Democrats is pushinglegislation that would prohibit any use of funds for “military operations in North Korea absent an imminent threat to the United States without express congressional authorization.”Though it merely makes more expl...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - November 15, 2017 Category: American Health Authors: John Glaser Source Type: blogs

The Pernicious Doctrine of “Accusation Equals Guilt "
Equating mere allegations of misconduct with definitive evidence is a growing habit in the United States.   That tendency is most prevalent regarding national security matters, and the trend has been building since the onset of the so-called war on terror following the 9-11 attacks.  Conservatives are especially prone to assert that “terrorists” are not entitled to constitutional rights, even if they are American citizens.  The obvious problem with that argument is that until a fair and impartial trial is held, the individuals in question are merelyaccused terrorists.   The whole point of du...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - November 12, 2017 Category: American Health Authors: Ted Galen Carpenter Source Type: blogs

Make “Enhanced” Vetting Great Again
ConclusionThe enhanced vetting procedures for refugees are modest extensions of current vetting procedures.   Before President Trump took office, refugee vetting was already extreme and difficult to further enhance.  The eleven countries singled out for intensive new refugee scrutiny make little sense from a national security perspective and even less sense if the goal is to secure the public safety of Americans.  No refugee from any of those nations has murdered an American in a terrorist attack on U.S. soil and their incarceration rates, except for Somalis, are all well below those of native-born Americans...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - October 31, 2017 Category: American Health Authors: Alex Nowrasteh Source Type: blogs

Travel Ban Is Based on Executive Whim, Not Objective Criteria
ConclusionFor countries on the list, and for any country wishing to remain off the list, it is vitally important that they understand which factors led to their inclusion or exclusion. If the United States is acting in good faith —seeking to change behavior as opposed to looking for an excuse to ban people—its criteria should be clearly explained and understood. The Iran nuclear deal, for example, hasvery precise requirements for Iran to avoid sanctions, down to the exact percentage of purity for its enriched uranium. This is very far from the case here.No consistent combination of factors or mitigating factors...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - October 9, 2017 Category: American Health Authors: David Bier Source Type: blogs

There is No Public Safety Justification for the " Travel Ban "
The Trump administration ’snewest argument in favor of the travel ban is that foreigners from the eight banned countries are disproportionately crime prone. Indeed, the administration ’s new travel banproclamation references “criminal” risks or “public safety threats” from foreigners from those eight banned countries a total 34 times. However, the incarceration rate for people from the travel ban countries is below that of native-born Americans and foreign-born folks from countries that were not on the travel ba n list.The average incarceration rate for those born in the travel ban count...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - October 7, 2017 Category: American Health Authors: Alex Nowrasteh Source Type: blogs

Could language analysis tools detect lone wolf terrorists before they act?
Nidal Hasan, the US army psychiatrist turned lone wolf terrorist By Alex Fradera By the time a terrorist attack has begun, the security services have already failed. But the challenge they face in detecting potential attacks is substantial, especially since the tactic of terrorism has increasingly been taken up by individual attackers inspired by, but not directly beholden to, formal movements. Spotting a lone wolf among the flock is no easy task, especially when it relies on a bottleneck of human analysis. A new paper in the journal Aggression and Violent Behavior uses a test case of a real lone wolf attack to explor...
Source: BPS RESEARCH DIGEST - October 2, 2017 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: BPS Research Digest Tags: Language Technology Terrorism Source Type: blogs

New Travel Ban Would Not Have Prevented the Entry of Any Terrorists Since 9/11
President Trump signed anew proclamation this weekend that bans or restricts the travel and immigration of nationals from eight countries. This order drops the pretext of being a temporary measure and includes no end date. Inour amicus brief for the Supreme Court case challenging his prior executive order banning travel from six countries, we criticized the ban as lacking a basis in the evidence regarding terrorism threats and terrorism vetting failures. This new order fares no better. It is even further divorced from threats of terrorism to the United States than the prior order.The new targets are the nationals of the fo...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - September 25, 2017 Category: American Health Authors: David Bier Source Type: blogs