Sexual and reproductive health mobile apps: results from a cross-sectional values and preferences survey to inform World Health Organization normative guidance on self-care interventions.
This study aimed to (a) understand the awareness, access, and uptake of SRH mobile apps; (b) examine how many healthcare provider (HCP) participants provided linkages, referrals and information to clients regarding SRH mobile apps; and (c) among HCP, assess how many felt confident and informed regarding SRH mobile apps. We hosted a cross-sectional web-based survey on the WHO Department of Reproductive Health and Research website and shared the survey with SRHR listservs. There were 825 survey participants, 360 whom identified as healthcare providers (HCP). Approximately one-third of HCP participants had provided a referral...
Source: Global Health Action - August 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Investigation of stillbirth causes in Suriname: application of the WHO ICD-PM tool to national-level hospital data.
CONCLUSION: Stillbirth reduction strategies in Suriname call for targeting ethnic disparities, improving antenatal services, implementing perinatal death audits and improving diagnostic post-mortem investigations. ICD-PM limited the formulation of recommendations due to many stillbirths of 'unspecified' causes. Based on our study findings, we also recommend addressing some challenges with applying the ICD-PM. ABBREVIATIONS: CTG: Cardiotocography; ENAP: Every Newborn Action Plan (ENAP); ICD-PM: The WHO application of ICD-10 to deaths during the perinatal period - perinatal mortality; SBR: Stillbirth rate; SGA: Small for...
Source: Global Health Action - August 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Glob Health Action Source Type: research

Healthcare Workers' Knowledge and Attitudes Regarding the World Health Organization's "My 5 Moments for Hand Hygiene": Evidence From a Vietnamese Central General Hospital.
CONCLUSIONS: Although many Vietnamese HCWs displayed moderate knowledge and positive attitudes towards the WHO hand hygiene guidelines, a key gap remained. Regular education and training programs are needed to increase knowledge and to improve attitudes and practices towards hand hygiene. Furthermore, a combination of multimodal strategies and locally-adapted interventions is needed for sustainable hand hygiene adherence. PMID: 32752593 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health)
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health - August 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Med Public Health Source Type: research

Unconventional Answers to Unprecedented Challenges: The Swedish Experience During the COVID-19 Outbreak.
Authors: Valeriani G, Vukovic IS, Mollica R Abstract Since its early stages, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has posed immense challenges in meeting the public health and healthcare and social care needs of migrants. In line with other reports from United Kingdom and United States, data from Sweden's health authority show that migrants have been disproportionately affected by COVID-19. Following the World Health Organization's statements, as well as the European Public Health Association's call for action, several centres in Sweden's most populated areas have activated tools to implement national p...
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health - August 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Med Public Health Source Type: research

Evidence on Physical Activity and the Prevention of Frailty and Sarcopenia Among Older People: A Systematic Review to Inform the World Health Organization Physical Activity Guidelines.
CONCLUSIONS: Physical activity probably prevents frailty among people aged 65 years and older. The impact of physical activity on the prevention of sarcopenia remains unknown, but observational studies indicate the preventive role of physical activity. PMID: 32781432 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health)
Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health - August 13, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: J Phys Act Health Source Type: research

Exclusive breastfeeding and underweight in children under six months old monitored in primary health care in brazil, 2017
Conclusions: The estimate of EBF in Brazil was similar to previous studies, but food consumption data still have low coverage, compromising the estimate in some locations. Regarding anthropometry, high rates of low L/A, W/A and BMI/A stood out in some states, considerably above the previous national estimate.RESUMO Objetivo: Descrever as preval ências de baixo peso e aleitamento materno exclusivo (AME) em crianças de zero a seis meses acompanhadas na Atenção Básica no Brasil em 2017, identificando sua distribuição espacial. Métodos: Tratou-se de um estudo observacional...
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - August 13, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Resolution of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
Authors: Habas K, Nganwuchu C, Shahzad F, Gopalan R, Haque M, Rahman S, Majumder AA, Nasim T Abstract INTRODUCTION: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was first detected in China in December, 2019, and declared as a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on March 11, 2020. The current management of COVID-19 is based generally on supportive therapy and treatment to prevent respiratory failure. The effective option of antiviral therapy and vaccination are currently under evaluation and development. AREAS COVERED: A literature search was performed using PubMed between December 1, 2019-June 23, 2020. This...
Source: Expert Review of Anti-Infective Therapy - August 13, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther Source Type: research

Diagnostic accuracy of plasma kynurenine/tryptophan ratio, measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, for pulmonary tuberculosis
Tuberculosis (TB) remains the world ’s major infectious cause of death. Early diagnosis of TB is essential in guiding treatment, yet 40% of new TB cases are undiagnosed, which fuels transmission (1). TB diagnosis is difficult in immunocompromised patients, children and patients with extra-pulmonary TB, as most current diagnostic too ls rely on sputum as the sample of choice. The World Health Organization (WHO) has identified the urgent need for a non-sputum-based TB test, capable of detecting all forms of TB disease, including pulmonary and extra-pulmonary TB, as a critical tool to reach TB control goals (2). (Source...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - August 12, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Clement Gascua Adu-Gyamfi, Tracy Snyman, Lillian Makhathini, Kennedy Otwombe, Fatoumatta Darboe, Adam Penn-Nicholson, Michelle Fisher, Dana Savulescu, Christopher Hoffmann, Richard Chaisson, Neil Martinson, Thomas Jens Scriba, Jaya Anna George, Melinda Sh Source Type: research

The Costs of an Expanded Screening Criteria for COVID-19: A Modelling Study
Since its emergence in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has continued to spread with an escalating numbers of cases and countries affected. (Dong et al., 2020) To prevent ongoing transmission, effective screening of suspected cases is necessary which enables the early identification and prompt isolation of cases for epidemic containment. These screening measures for testing have been largely guided by the World Health Organization ’s (WHO) case definitions (Anon., 2020a), which serves as a valuable epidemiologic tool for public health officials to track the disease and is regularl...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - August 12, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jue Tao Lim, Borame L Dickens, Alex R Cook, Ai Leng Khoo, Yock Young Dan, Dale Andrew Fisher, Paul Anantharajah Tambyah, Louis Yi Ann Chai Source Type: research

Lower Lactate Levels and Lower Intracellular pH in Patients with IDH-Mutant versus Wild-Type Gliomas [FUNCTIONAL]
CONCLUSIONS: We found indirect evidence for metabolic reprogramming in IDH-mutant tumors with significantly lower lactate concentrations compared with IDH wild-type tumors and a near-normal intracellular pH. (Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology)
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - August 12, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Wenger, K. J., Steinbach, J. P., Bähr, O., Pilatus, U., Hattingen, E. Tags: FUNCTIONAL Source Type: research

24th International Conference on Safe Community: count down to decade of action for road safety
 Worldwide, every year 1.35 million people die due to road traffic injuries (Global Traffic Safety Report 2018). Road traffic injuries are now the leading cause of death for children and young people (5-29 years old), as reported by the World Health Organisation (WHO).  The ‘Decade of Action’ for road safety (2011-2020) was a universal start to save millions of lives by taking a multi-disciplinary collaboration approach for road safety management. It encouraged countries to have safe road infrastructures, safe vehicles, safety-enhanced user behavior and improved ro ad-injury related health servic...
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - August 11, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Occurrence and risk assessment of microcystin and its relationship with environmental factors in lakes of the eastern plain ecoregion, China.
Abstract The frequent occurrence of microcystins (MCs) in freshwater poses serious threats to the drinking water safety and health of human beings. Although MCs have been detected in individual fresh waters in China, little is known about their occurrence over a large geographic scale. An investigation of 30 subtropical lakes in eastern China was performed during summer 2018 to determine the MCs concentrations in water and their possible risk via direct water consumption to humans, and to assess the associated environmental factors. MCs were detected in 28 of 30 lakes, and the highest mean MCs concentrations occur...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - August 10, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Wan X, Steinman AD, Gu Y, Zhu G, Shu X, Xue Q, Zou W, Xie L Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Is Colombia an example of successful containment of the COVID-19 2020 pandemic? A critical analysis of the epidemiological data. March to July 2020
COVID-19 is a new emerging infectious disease that, by August 1st 2020, has caused more than 17 million cases and more than 680 thousand deaths worldwide (World Health Organization 2020b). It has been declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) and has prompted lockdowns in most countries for over two months (World Health Organization 2020a). The virus has the potential to transmit from symptomatic and asymptomatic individuals which has made it difficult to control its spread around the globe. (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - August 10, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Fernando de la Hoz-Restrepo, Nelson J. Alvis-Zakzuk, Juan Fernando De la Hoz-Gomez, Alejandro De la Hoz-Gomez, Luz G ómez Del Corral, Nelson Alvis-Guzmán Source Type: research

Looking ahead: The risk of neurologic complications due to COVID-19
The rapid spread of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 has become a public health emergency of international concern. The outbreak was characterized as a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) in March 2020. The most characteristic symptom of patients with COVID-19 is respiratory distress. Some patients may also show neurologic signs and symptoms ranging from headache, nausea, vomiting, and confusion to anosmia, ageusia, encephalitis, and stroke. Coronaviruses are known pathogens with neuroinvasive potential. There is increasing evidence that coronavirus i...
Source: Neurology Clinical Practice - August 10, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Perez, C. A. Tags: Viral infections, All global neurology, Public health, COVID-19 Commentary Source Type: research

Molecular docking, dynamics and free energy analyses of Acinetobacter baumannii OXA class enzymes with carbapenems investigating their hydrolytic mechanisms.
Conclusions. Imipenem and meropenem showed MIC values of 2 and 8 µg ml-1, respectively against OXA-51 in earlier studies, indicating that these are the most effective drugs for treatment of A. baumannii infection. According to our results, OXA-51 is an active enzyme that shows better interactions and is capable of hydrolyzing carbapenems. When correlating the hydrogen-bonding interaction with MIC values, the predicted results are in good agreement and might provide initial insights into performing similar studies related to OXA variants or other antibiotic-enzyme-based studies. PMID: 32773005 [PubM...
Source: Journal of Medical Microbiology - August 10, 2020 Category: Microbiology Authors: Ramachandran B, Jeyakanthan J, Lopes BS Tags: J Med Microbiol Source Type: research

Is there an impact of COVID-19 in Vascular Surgery patient ’s admission to the Emergency department?
On March 2020, World Health Organization declared the coronavirus disease 2019 outbreak a pandemic. During this period, surgical activity and admission to the Emergency Department (ED) globally decreased. The aim of this paper is to understand how Vascular Surgery patient ’s admission to the ED changed in our center in Portugal and if this situation prevented urgent surgical procedures. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - August 10, 2020 Category: Surgery Authors: Mafalda Correia, V ânia Constâncio, Joana Cruz Silva, Pedro Lima, Mário Moreira, Luís F. Antunes, Manuel Fonseca Tags: Clinical Research, Basic Science Source Type: research

Fluctuations in environmental pollutants and air quality during the lockdown in the USA and China: two sides of COVID-19 pandemic
This study aims to describe the variations in the environmental pollutants (CO, NO2, SO2, PM2.5 and PM10) with and without the lockdown period in the majorly hit states and provinces of the USA and China, respectively. Data during the first quarter year of 2019 and 2020 (lockdown period) was used in this study. Moreover, the effect of these pollutants on the pandemic spread was also studied. The results illustrated that the overall concentrations of CO, NO2 and PM2.5 were decreased by 19.28%, 36.7% and 1.10%, respectively, while PM10 and SO2 were increased by 27.81% and 3.81% respectively in five selected states of the USA...
Source: Air Quality, Atmosphere and Health - August 9, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Immune-boosting role of vitamins D, C, E, zinc, selenium and omega-3 fatty acids: could they help against COVID-19?
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a global public health concern caused by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 and represents a significant threat to healthcare worldwide. It was first identified in a cluster of patients with pneumonia symptoms in Wuhan city, China, in late 2019. Initially, it was referred to as 2019 nCoV but was later renamed as COVID-19 by the World Health Organization. It is considered to be similar to the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) viruses. (Source: Maturitas)
Source: Maturitas - August 8, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Hira Shakoor, Jack Feehan, Ayesha S Al Dhaheri, Habiba I Ali, Carine Platat, Leila Cheikh Ismail, Vasso Apostolopoulos, Lily Stojanovska Tags: Review article Source Type: research

Comparison analysis of different swabs and transport mediums suitable for SARS-CoV-2 testing following shortages.
This study compared the performance of six swabs commonly found in primary and tertiary health care settings (PurFlock Ultra, FLOQSwab, Puritan Pur-Wraps cotton tipped applicators, Puritan polyester tipped applicators, MedPro 6" cotton tipped applicators, and HOLOGIC Aptima) for their efficacy in testing for SARS-CoV-2. Separately, the molecular detection of SARS-CoV-2 was completed from different transport mediums (DMEM, PBS, 100 % ethanol, 0.9 % normal saline and VTM), which were kept up to three days at room temperature (RT). The results indicate that there is no meaningful difference in viral yield from different ...
Source: Journal of Virological Methods - August 8, 2020 Category: Virology Authors: Garnett L, Bello A, Tran KN, Audet J, Leung A, Schiffman Z, Griffin BD, Tailor N, Kobasa D, Strong JE Tags: J Virol Methods Source Type: research

Assessment of groundwater safety surrounding contaminated water storage sites using multivariate statistical analysis and Heckman selection model: a case study of Kazakhstan
AbstractPetrochemical enterprises in Kazakhstan discharge polluted wastewater into special recipients. Contaminants infiltrate through the soil into the groundwater, which potentially affects public health and environment safety. This paper presents the evaluation of a 7-year monitoring program from one of the factories and includes nineteen variables from nine wells during 2013 –2019. Several multivariate statistical techniques were used to analyse the data: Pearson’s correlation matrix, principal component analysis and cluster analysis. The analysis made it possible to specify the contribution of each contami...
Source: Environmental Geochemistry and Health - August 8, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Antiplatelet/anticoagulant agents for preventing thrombosis events in patients with severe COVID-19: A protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis
Conclusion: This systematic review will provide evidence for prophylactic antiplatelet/anticoagulant of severe COVID-19 patients. PROSPERO registration: CRD42020186928. (Source: Medicine)
Source: Medicine - August 7, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Study Protocol Systematic Review Source Type: research

Benefit to Few Versus Risk to Many: An Ethical Dilemma During Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic for Deceased-Donor Organ Transplant in a Resource-Limited Developing Country.
Abstract The tools in our armamentarium to prevent the transmission of coronavirus disease 2019, known as COVID-19, are social distancing; frequent handwashing; use of facial masks; preventing nonessential contacts/travel; nationwide lockdown; and testing, isolation, and contact tracing. However, the World Health Organization's suggestions to isolate, test, treat, and trace contacts are difficult to implement in the resourcelimited developing world. The points to weigh before performing deceased-donor organ transplant in developing countries are as follows: limitations in standard personal protective equipment (as...
Source: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation : official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation - August 7, 2020 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Kute V, Ramesh V, Shroff S, Prasad N, Guleria S, Prakash J, Sahay M, Modi P, Cantarovich M, Haberal M Tags: Exp Clin Transplant Source Type: research

Are People With Uncontrolled Diabetes Mellitus At High Risk Of Reinfections With COVID-19?
The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has affected over 17 million people, inflicting more than 668000 casualties in over 200 nations worldwide [1]. Moreover, the World Health Organization has raised serious concerns about the possibility of a second infection with COVID-19 [2]. Reinfections have been reported with other human coronaviruses, namely, 229E, NL63, OC43, all of which generally cause milder respiratory illness. Hitherto, multiple cases of clinical recurrence of COVID-19 and/or positive real time-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) results after recovery have been reported [3 –8]. (Source: Primary Care Diabetes)
Source: Primary Care Diabetes - August 7, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Rimesh Pal, Mainak Banerjee Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Integrated genomic analysis using chromosomal microarray, fluorescence in situ hybridization and mate pair analyses: Characterization of a cryptic t(9;22)(p24.1;q11.2)/BCR-JAK2 in myeloid/lymphoid neoplasm with eosinophilia
In 2016, a new World Health Organization provisional entity was added to the category ‘Myeloid/lymphoid neoplasms with eosinophilia and rearrangement of PDGFRA, PDGFRB or FGFR1’ and included PCM1-JAK2 fusions and their variants. At the time this provisional entity was added, approximately 30 cases of t(8;9)/PCM1-JAK2 fusions had been reported. The variants, which consist of trans locations between JAK2 and an alternative partner, include t(9;22)(p24.1;q11.2)/BCR-JAK2 and t(9;12)(p24.1;p13.2)/ETV6-JAK2 which are even rarer, with only 11 known cases of BCR-JAK2 fusions. (Source: Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics)
Source: Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics - August 7, 2020 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Jessica S. Snider, Iya Znoyko, Kathryn G. Lindsey, Jennifer Morse, Linda B. Baughn, Nicole L. Hoppman, Beth A. Pitel, Kathryn E. Pearce, Cynthia A. Schandl, Daynna J. Wolff Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Diagnostic Utility of Pleural Fluid T-SPOT and Interferon-gamma for Tuberculous Pleurisy: A Two-Center Prospective Cohort Study in China
Tuberculosis (TB) remains the leading cause of death from a curable infectious disease, with an estimated 1.5 million deaths in 2018 (World Health Organization, 2019). Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) accounted for 14% of the 6.4 million incident cases (World Health Organization, 2019). Tuberculous pleurisy (TP) is ranked as the second most frequent form of EPTB (Light, 2010; Mehta et al., 1991). China has reported a high than average proportion of TP, dominated by pleural fluid (PF) (Pang et al., 2019). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - August 6, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ying Luo, Feng Yan, Ying Xue, Liyan Mao, Qun Lin, Guoxing Tang, Huijuan Song, Shiji Wu, Renren Ouyang, Xu Yuan, Weiyong Liu, Jing Yu, Yu Zhou, Hongyan Hou, Xuejuan Sun, Feng Wang, Ziyong Sun Source Type: research

Clinical Immunity in Discharged Medical Patients with COVID 19
WHO recently published guidance on adjusting public health and social measures for the next phase of the COVID-19 response, declaring there is no evidence that people who have recovered and have antibodies are protected from a second infection (World Health Organization, 2020). Most studies on SARS-CoV-2 infection show that people who have recovered from COVID-19 have antibodies to the virus. However, some of these patients have very low levels of neutralizing antibodies in their blood which could potentially expose them to a secondary infections (Zhou and Zhao, 2020). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - August 6, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Nicola Mumoli, Jos è Vitale, Antonino Mazzone Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Transmission onset distribution of COVID-19
SARS-CoV-2, a novel coronavirus first reported in Wuhan City, China in December 2019, has been spreading globally and the World Health Organization declared it as a pandemic on March 11, 2020 (Zhu et al., 2020). A total of 3,096,626 cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), and 217,896 confirmed deaths were counted world widely by April 30, 2020. (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - August 6, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: June Young Chun, Gyuseung Baek, Yongdai Kim Source Type: research

Preparing for long-term non-face-to-face outpatient care services during the COVID-19 pandemic
The novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was first reported in Wuhan, China, at the end of 2019, with the World Health Organization (WHO) declaring the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) a global pandemic in March 2020.1 (Source: Journal of Infection)
Source: Journal of Infection - August 6, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Youn Jeong Kim, Yeon Jeong Jeong, Si Hyun Kim, Ah Reum Oh, Ji Hye Park, Mi Sun Choi, Joong Hyun Ahn Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Use of medical face masks versus particulate respirators as a component of personal protective equipment for health care workers in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic
AbstractCurrently available evidence supports that the predominant route of human-to-human transmission of the SARS-CoV-2 is through respiratory droplets and/or contact routes. The report by the World Health Organization (WHO) Joint Mission on Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in China supports person-to-person droplet and fomite transmission during close unprotected contact with the vast majority of the investigated infection clusters occurring within families, with a household secondary attack rate varying between 3 and 10%, a finding that is not consistent with airborne transmission. The reproduction number (R0) for t...
Source: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control - August 6, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Genetic diversity and risk factors for the transmission of antimicrobial resistance across human, animals and environmental compartments in East Africa: a review
ConclusionThe high diversity of the AMR genes suggests there may be multiple sources of resistance bacteria, or the possible exchange of strains or a flow of genes amongst different strains due to transfer by mobile genetic elements. Therefore, there should be harmonized One Health guidelines for the use of antibiotics, as well as regulations governing their importation and sale. Moreover, the trend of ESBLs, MRSA and carbapenem resistant (CAR) carriage rates is dynamic and are on rise over time period, posing a public health concern in East Africa. Collaborative surveillance of AMR in partnership with regional and externa...
Source: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control - August 6, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

HepCare Ireland —a service innovation project
AbstractHepatitis C virus (HCV) remains a major cause of morbidity and death worldwide, with prevalence highest among people who inject drugs (PWID), homeless populations and prisoners. The World Health Organization has published targets to be achieved by 2030 as part of its global health sector strategy to eliminate viral hepatitis. Recent innovations in testing and treatment of HCV mean such goals are achievable with effective infrastructure, political will and funding. ‘HepCare Europe’ was a 3-year, EU-funded project involving four member states. It sought to develop, implement and evaluate interventions to ...
Source: Irish Journal of Medical Science - August 6, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Relationship between family functioning and health-related quality of life among methadone maintenance patients: a Bayesian approach
ConclusionFamily functioning is intimately associated with HRQoL. Treatment plans for patients undergoing methadone maintenance treatment should aim to involve the families appropriately and effectively to maximize the benefits for patients and improve their overall well-being. (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - August 6, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Congenital cataract - clinical and morphological aspects.
Authors: Tătaru CI, Tătaru CP, Costache A, Boruga O, Zemba M, Ciuluvică RC, Sima G Abstract Congenital cataract is one of the main causes of blindness in newborns and children. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there are about 14 million children suffering from congenital cataract. Our study is based on 82 children, males - 46 (56.1%) and females - 36 (43.9%), with congenital cataract operated in the same ophthalmological centre in Bucharest, Romania. Of the 82 patients, 49 (59.76%) had bilateral cataract and 33 (40.24%) unilateral cataract. Clinically, the most frequent was the total cataract, f...
Source: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology - August 5, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Rom J Morphol Embryol Source Type: research

Severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) - a seven-year comparative study in a Department of Forensic Medicine.
Authors: Ţolescu RŞ, Zorilă MV, Şerbănescu MS, Kamal KC, Zorilă GL, Dumitru I, Florou C, Mogoantă L, Văduva IA, Stanca L, Zăvoi RE Abstract Deaths caused by traumatic brain injury (TBI) increase in incidence every year worldwidely, mainly in developing countries. Thus, World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that in 2020, TBI will become the third main cause of death. In our study, we evaluated the deaths caused by TBI recorded within the Institute of Forensic Medicine of Craiova, Romania, between 2011 and 2017. Therefore, according to age, the cases were divided into two groups: people aged 0-18 years o...
Source: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology - August 5, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Rom J Morphol Embryol Source Type: research

An emergency strategy for intensive care unit during COVID-19 outbreak in Chongqing, China.
CONCLUSIONS: Progress in the management of ICU is crucial for a decrease in the mortality of critically ill patients with COVID-19 with the clinical evidence and experience updated. PMID: 32744717 [PubMed - in process] (Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences)
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - August 5, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research

The impact of COVID-19 on doctors' well-being: results of a web survey during the lockdown in Italy.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings reported a significant psychosocial impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on Italian doctors, particularly among those working in the most affected regions of the country. Further studies are necessary to better understand the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on doctors' well-being and mental health over time, in order to implement effective prevention measures. PMID: 32744715 [PubMed - in process] (Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences)
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - August 5, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research

Understanding the genetic aspects of resistance to antidepressants treatment.
Authors: Alqahtani AM, Kumarappan C, Kumar V, Srinivasan R, Krishnaraju V Abstract Major depression disorder (MDD) is an extremely prevalent disorder and is expected to be the second leading cause of disease burden by 2020 according to the World Health Organisation (WHO). Moreover, this disease burden is predicted to rise in the next 20 years. Antidepressant medications are vital in the therapy of major depression. However, approximately 30-60% of patients treated with current antidepressant drugs fail to attain remission of depressive symptoms leading to drug resistance. Such patients account for a disproportionat...
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - August 5, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research

Who is afraid of obstetric violence?
Abstract Despite being a relatively new term, obstetric violence is an old problem. In 2014, the World Health Organization declared: “ Many women experience disrespectful and abusive treatment during childbirth in facilities worldwide. Such treatment not only violates the rights of women to respectful care, but can also threaten their rights to life, health, bodily integrity, and freedom from discrimination ” . This problem, named as “ abuse ” , “ disrespect ” and/or “ mistreatment ” during childbirth, has been addressed in several studies. However, there has been no consensu...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Saude Materno Infantil - August 5, 2020 Category: Midwifery Source Type: research

Child survivor of rabies in India: a case report.
This report demonstrates the detailed clinico-investigative profile of a child who survived rabies following inadequate post-exposure prophylaxis and adds to the sparse knowledge of this usually fatal condition. ABBREVIATIONS: ADEM, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis; CBNAAT, cartridge-based nucleic acid amplification test; CSF, cerebrospinal fluid; EEG, electroencephalogram; GCS, Glasgow coma scale; EVM, eye opening, best verbal response, best motor response; IM, intramuscular; IVIg, intravenous immunoglobulin; MRC, Medical Research Council; MRI/FLAIR, magnetic resonance imaging/fluid attenuation inversion recovery;...
Source: Paediatrics and international child health - August 5, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Tags: Paediatr Int Child Health Source Type: research

Clinical Course and Outcomes of 3,060 Patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019 in Korea, January-May 2020.
Authors: Sung HK, Kim JY, Heo J, Seo H, Jang YS, Kim H, Koh BR, Jo N, Oh HS, Baek YM, Park KH, Shon JA, Kim MC, Kim JH, Chang HH, Park Y, Kang YM, Lee DH, Oh DH, Park HJ, Song KH, Lee EK, Jeong H, Lee JY, Ko JY, Choi J, Ryu EH, Chung KH, Oh MD, Korea National Committee for Clinical Management of COVID-19 Abstract BACKGROUND: The fatality rate of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) varies among countries owing to demographics, patient comorbidities, surge capacity of healthcare systems, and the quality of medical care. We assessed the clinical outcomes of patients with COVID-19 during the first wave of...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - August 5, 2020 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Worldwide public policies for celiac disease: are patients well assisted?
ConclusionsPolicies regarding GF meals and food safety certification, health service support, and financial incentives need improvement to ensure correct treatment and reduce the diseases ’ financial burden for celiac patients and governments. (Source: International Journal of Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Public Health - August 5, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Investigation of fungal contamination in indoor air and on surfaces of traditional public baths in a historical city
AbstractIt has been proven that exposure to bioaerosols is associated with several health effects, such as pulmonary diseases and allergies. The present cross-sectional study was aimed to investigate fungal contamination in indoor air and on the surfaces of four traditional baths in Shiraz, Iran, one of the most historical cities in the world. Samples were taken from indoor air, using a microbial air sampler, as well as the surfaces of the shower, hallway, and dressing rooms of studied baths for 3  months. Totally 180 samples, including 45 air and 135 surfaces samples, were collected from studied baths. The concentrat...
Source: Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering - August 5, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5663: Exploring WHO Communication during the COVID 19 Pandemic through the WHO Website Based on W3C Guidelines: Accessible for All?
This study analysed whether the WHO is accessible in its digital version for all groups of citizens according to the widely accepted standards in the field of the Internet. The conclusion reached was that not all the information is accessible in accordance with the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.1, which implies that there are groups that are, to some extent, left out, especially affecting the elderly. This study can contribute to the development of proposals and suggest ways in which to improve the accessibility of health content to groups especially vulnerable in this pandemic. (Source: International Journal of E...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - August 5, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Fern ández-Díaz Iglesias-S ánchez Jambrino-Maldonado Tags: Article Source Type: research

Cluster infections play important roles in the rapid evolution of COVID-19 transmission: a systematic review
In December of 2019, an emerging infectious disease named as COVID-19 caused by SARS-CoV-2 virus was first reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China (Epidemiology Working Group for NCIP Epidemic Response, 2020). Since then, more and more countries also reported COVID-19 all over the world (Liu et al., 2020a). The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared the COVID-19 a public health emergency of international concern January 30, 2020 (WHO, 2020a), and further declared the COVID-19 a pandemic on March 11,2020 (WHO, 2020b). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - August 5, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tao Liu, Dexin Gong, Jianpeng Xiao, Jianxiong Hu, Guanhao He, Zuhua Rong, Wenjun Ma Tags: Review Source Type: research

Emerging Human Coronavirus Infections (SARS, MERS, and COVID-19): Where They Are Leading Us.
Authors: Kumar V Abstract Coronavirus infections are responsible for mild, moderate, and severe infections in birds and mammals. These were first isolated in humans as causal microorganisms responsible for common cold. The 2002-2003 SARS epidemic caused by SARS-CoV and 2012 MERS epidemic (64 countries affected) caused by MERS-CoV showed their acute and fatal side. These two CoV infections killed thousands of patients infected worldwide. However, WHO has still reported the MERS case in December 2019 in middle-eastern country (Saudi Arabia), indicating the MERS epidemic has not ended completely yet. Although we have ...
Source: International Reviews of Immunology - August 4, 2020 Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Int Rev Immunol Source Type: research

Intestinal Dysbiosis As a Possible Predictor of Very Early Preterm Labor in Pregnant Women With Metabolic Syndrome.
Authors: Pavlovska OM, Pavlovska KM, Heryak SM, Khmil SV, Gorban NY Abstract The work assessed the state of the intestinal microbiocenosis in 52 puerperae at the in whom the pregnancy developed against the background of the metabolic syndrome. The diagnosis of metabolic syndrome was determined according to the criteria approved by the World Health Organization for pregnant women. The state of intestinal microbiocenosis was assessed by a bacteriological examination of feces immediately after delivery. The content of the main representatives of the obligate microflora (bifidobacteria, lactobacilli, native intestinal ...
Source: Journal of Medicine and Life - August 4, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Life Source Type: research

Food Safety During and After the Era of COVID-19 Pandemic
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a clinical syndrome caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). COVID-19 was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on March 11, 2020 due to its rapid and extensive spread among many countries through its very contagious nature and its high mortality among the elderly and infirm. Recently, data on the survival of SARS-CoV-2 on contact surfaces has been reported, but there is none on the survival of COVID-19 on food surfaces and packages. The potential survival and transmission of SARS-CoV-2 on/via food and packages are discussed bas...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - August 4, 2020 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Ipilimumab-Induced Enterocolitis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
ConclusionsInsufficient data exist to quantify or distinguish the risk of acute vs chronic enterocolitis following ipilmumab use. Because of the serious impact of chronic enterocolitis on quality of life and further cancer treatment, future trials evaluating the safety of immunotherapy should report gastrointestinal events in greater detail. (Source: Drug Safety)
Source: Drug Safety - August 4, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Thyroid cancer in the Era of COVID-19
AbstractThe recent coronavirus infectious disease (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is placing health systems in serious challenges worldwide. Shocking statistics each day has prompted the World Health Organization to officially declare the COVID-19 outbreak as a pandemic in March 2020. Preliminary studies have shown increased mortality in patients with solid cancers and infection by SARS-CoV-2. Until now, the evidence on the behavior of COVID-19 in patients with a history of thyroid cancer remains scarce, and most of the recommendations given are based on common sense. There...
Source: Endocrine - August 4, 2020 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Patterns of Viral Clearance in the Natural Course of Asymptomatic Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Comparison with Symptomatic Nonsevere COVID-19
The first cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) were reported in Wuhan, China in December 2019 (Chen et al., 2020; Huang et al., 2020). The pathogen has been identified as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) (Lu et al., 2020; Zhu et al., 2020). COVID-19 has rapidly become widespread across the world. In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the COVID-19 outbreak a pandemic. From the end of February through March 2020, Daegu —the fourth largest city in South Korea—was emerging as an epicenter of COVID-19 in South Korea. (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - August 4, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jae-Sun Uhm, Jin Young Ahn, Jong Hoon Hyun, Yujin Sohn, Jung Ho Kim, Su Jin Jeong, Nam Su Ku, Jun Yong Choi, Yu-Kyung Park, Ho-sung Yi, Sung Kyu Park, Bong-Ok Kim, Hyewon Kim, Jinwoo Choi, Seung-mo Kang, Yeong Ho Choi, Hae Kyoung Yoon, Sunkyung Jung, Hyeo Source Type: research