What Causes Free Peritoneal Fluid?
Discussion Peritoneal fluid is normal. It decreases the friction of the peritoneum covering abdominal and pelvic organs and helps to protect them and allow their movement. A normal amount of peritoneal fluid is expected on radiological evaluation. Increased peritoneal fluid is a continuum and is concerning as a wide variety of pathological causes are associated with it such as abdominal trauma and appendicitis. At the far end of the scale is ascites that is the accumulation of free fluid more than 25 ml. It is usually associated with abdominal distension but fluid must accumulate before distension can occur and therefore i...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - June 8, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pediatric Education Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

What Conditions is Erythema Nodosum Associated With?
Patient Presentation A 12-year-old male came to clinic with a history of 3-4 days of painful bruising on his shin and lower arms. He had Streptocococcal pharyngitis diagnosed by rapid strep testing approximately 4 weeks previously and had taken all of his amoxicillin antibiotic per his parents. He had recovered without any problems until 3-4 days ago when his legs and arms started to have painful bruises along the shins and lower arms. They were raised, red/purple and painful mainly in the center of the lesions. He denied pain elsewhere nor any fever (Tmax was 99.5F), chills, sweats, weight loss, joint stiffness, abdomina...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - July 24, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

HIV-Infection and Worsening Diarrhea: What's Your Dx?
Mycobacterium avium complex enteritis; cytomegalovirus; Whipple's disease; sprue: what endoscopic findings reveal the cause of worsening diarrhea in this HIV-infected man with a CD4 count of 32 cells/uL? (Source: Consultant Live)
Source: Consultant Live - August 9, 2013 Category: Primary Care Source Type: news