Microscopy system images individual molecules in 3D
A new microscopy system that can image individual molecules in 3D and capture the way they "wobble" uses a specially engineered glass plate developed by optical scientists. [Research supported by U.S. National Science Foundation grant PHY 1507278.] Learn more in the University of Rochester ...This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - August 3, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Astronomers discover two pairs of quasars in distant universe
Astronomers have discovered two pairs of quasars in the distant universe, about 10 billion light-years from Earth. In each pair, the two quasars are separated by only about 10,000 light-years, making them closer together than any other double quasars found so far away. [Research supported by ...This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - August 2, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Spiderweb-inspired fractal design used for 3D photodetection
A spiderweb-inspired fractal design is used for hemispherical 3D photodetection to replicate the vision system of arthropods. [Research supported by U.S. National Science Foundation grant CMMI 1928784.] Learn more in the Purdue University news story (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - August 2, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Shake, rattle, and roll! How an earthquake became a lab for seismologists. At NSF The Discovery File
NSF-funded researchers use AI to improve disaster resilience, protect human life and minimize damage and economic losses during earthquakes.This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - July 30, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

GEOTRACES is an international program to better understand the distribution of trace elements...
GEOTRACES is a multi-year, international collaboration, which features participating scientists from 36 different countries. Its mission… to better understand how trace elements and isotopes affect marine productivity and climate change, past, present, and future.This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - July 28, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Megalodon may have been bigger than previously thought
An artist's reconstruction of the extinct megatooth shark, Otodus megalodon. Researchers used a new, more reliable set of calculations to estimate the size of megalodon and discovered the extinct shark may have been bigger than previously thought, measuring up to 65 feet, nearly the length ...This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - July 22, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Remote forests in the Rockies are on fire from climate change. More at NSF ’ s The Discovery Files.
An NSF-funded team of scientists from the universities of Montana and Wyoming have analyzed charcoal found in nearby lake sediments to study the history of forest fires in the rocky mountains.This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - July 22, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Reproduction of a collection of 95 megalodon teeth
These teeth are reproductions of a collection of 95 megalodon teeth found in Bone Valley, Florida, the most complete set discovered. [Research supported by U.S. National Science Foundation grant DGE 1315138 and DRL 1322725.] Learn more in the Florida Museum of Natural History news story (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - July 22, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Fossil megalodon tooth
Megalodon teeth, such as this fossil from the Florida Museum of Natural History, were specialized for feeding on large, fleshy prey and can be up to 7 inches long. [Research supported by U.S. National Science Foundation grant DGE 1315138 and DRL 1322725.] Learn more in the Florida Museum of ...This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - July 22, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Adult male baboons engage in dominance
Four adult male baboons (Papio cyanocephalus) engage in dominance interactions such as teeth-baring and glaring in the Amboseli basin, Kenya. [These animals are part of the long term Amboseli Baboon Research Project, which ...This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - July 21, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Fiber-optical networks rely on high-fidelity information conversion
from electrical to the optical domain. Researchers combined the best optical material with innovative nanofabrication and design approaches to realize energy-efficient, high-speed low-loss electro-optic converters for quantum and ...This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - July 20, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Immersive environment showing stellar remnants thousands of light-years away
An immersive environment showing stellar remnants thousands of light-years away. Purdue University Assistant Professor Danny Milisavljevic developed new technology, the first of its kind that allows connection by students in different locations, in which his students use virtual reality headsets to ...This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - July 20, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Spinning brown dwarf with narrow colored atmospheric bands
This image shows how the faster a brown dwarf spins, the narrower the colored atmospheric bands on it are likely to become. Some brown dwarfs glow in visible light, but they're typically brightest in infrared wavelengths, which are longer than what human eyes can see. [Research supported in part ...This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - July 19, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Coral reefs of the Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary
Coral reefs of the FlThe coral reefs of the Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary, located about 100 miles from the Texas coast, were polluted with human waste from runoff from Houston’s 2016 Tax Day flood and 2017’s Hurricane Harvey. [Research supported by U.S. National Science ...This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - July 19, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Rapidly rotating brown dwarf
Astronomers have discovered three rapidly rotating brown dwarfs -- often called "failed stars" -- that are the fastest known, with each completing a full rotation roughly once every hour. [Research supported in part by the U.S. National Science Foundation grant AST 1539773.] Learn more in the ...This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - July 19, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Specimens of 12 million-year old alligator and rhinoceros teeth
Specimens of 12 million-year old alligator (left) and rhinoceros fossil teeth from the Florida Museum of Natural History collections. [This research was funded in part by a National Science Foundation grant.] Learn more in the Florida Museum of Natural History news story (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - July 17, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Diamond defects detect and measure magnetic fields
Researchers used atomic-size defects in diamonds to detect and measure magnetic fields generated by spin waves. [Research supported by U.S. National Science Foundation grant ECCS 1541959.] Learn more in the Harvard SEAS news story (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - July 16, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Electrodes stretch diamond strings to increase frequency of atomic vibrations
Electrodes stretch diamond strings to increase the frequency of atomic vibrations to which an electron is sensitive, just like tightening a guitar string increases the frequency or pitch of the string. The tension quiets a qubit’s environment and improves memory from tens to several hundred ...This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - July 16, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Spin Waves excited and detected in quantum Hall ferromagnet
Researchers excited and detected spin waves in a quantum Hall ferromagnet, spending them through the insulating material like waves in a pond. [Research supported by a U.S. National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship (grant DGE 1144152) and grants ECCS 0335765 and DMR ...This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - July 16, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Stressed by heat and humidity? Climate change will make it worse. More at NSF's The Discovery Files
NSF-funded researchers at Clemson University project that periods of extremely high heat are likely to double across the lower 48 United States by the end of this century. As temperatures rise, so will the incidences of heat stress.This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - July 15, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Two black holes colliding and resulting gravitational waves
Visualization of two black holes colliding and the resulting gravitational waves that were generated. [Visualization: Carson Brownlee; Intel GR-Chombo simulation data: Pau Figueras, Markus Kunesch, Saran Tunyasuvunakool and Juha Jäykkä, Stephen Hawking Centre for Theoretical Cosmology.] (Date ...This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - July 14, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Dark Energy camera portrait of Centaurus A
The main lighting in this image, captured using the Dark Energy Camera mounted on the Victor M. Blanco 4-meter Telescope, is from the galaxy Centaurus A and the luminous glow is from stars. The image provides a spectacular view of the dark tendrils of dust that occlude the bright center of the ...This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - July 13, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Molecular dynamic analysis of ion distributions around DNA strand
The charged ions that surround DNA molecules can dramatically affect its conformation, folding and dynamics. This visualization is from a molecular dynamics simulation of a DNA system where the electron density of the surrounding ions was critical to understanding how they might modulate the ...This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - July 13, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Artist's rendition depicting Oculudentavis naga
(Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - July 8, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

After 24,000 years, tiny animals still live in Siberian permafrost. More at NSF The Discovery Files.
NSF-funded researchers from The University of Tennessee, Knoxville were astonished to find life-frozen in suspended animation-for some 24,000 years.This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - July 7, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

New species of lizard preserved in amber
Amber preserved the complete skull, partial skeleton, soft tissue and scales of a new species of unusual lizard known as Oculudentavis naga, as well as inclusions of numerous insects of various sizes. [Research supported by U.S. National Science Foundation grants DEB 1657656 and DBI ...This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - July 7, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Comparison of Oculudentavis naga and Oculudentavis khaungraae
Oculudentavis naga (top) is in the same family as Oculudentavis khaungraae (bottom). The lizards' tapered narrow snout can have a deceptively beaklike appearance, an effect heightened by a well-developed crest. [Research supported by U.S. National Science Foundation grants DEB ...This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - July 7, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

CT scan and X-rays of unusual extinct lizard
Computerized tomography scans and X-rays reveal a well-preserved specimen of an unusual extinct lizard that represents a new species in the genus Oculudentavis. [Research supported by U.S. National Science Foundation grants DEB 1657656 and DBI 1701714.] Learn more in the Florida ...This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - July 7, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

The Atlantic Ocean takes thousands of years for a world cruise? The Discovery Files takes you there.
NSF-funded researchers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography and MIT estimated the time it would take water to journey from the lower branch of the Atlantic to around the world's ocean basins.This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - June 30, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Getting physical is good for your child ’ s body – and their brain, too.
A team of researchers at Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School found regular physical activity has widespread, positive effects on a child's developing brain-their own unique connectome.This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - June 24, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Anna's hummingbird generates sound like simpler wings of insects
(Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - June 23, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Kagome lattice imaged from a bulk material
This is the first example of a kagome lattice -- an arrangement of atoms in a pattern resembling a Japanese style of basket weaving called kagome -- imaged from a bulk (or 3D) material. The image of a crystal was taken at MagLab using a special scanning transmission electron microscope. [MagLab ...This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - June 23, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Microwaves traveling through sample inside an NMR magnet
This image represents how microwaves would travel through a sample placed inside a nuclear magnetic resonance magnet. Red represents high microwave intensity, blue represents low intensity and yellow is in between. [MagLab is supported by the U.S. National Science Foundation (grant DMR ...This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - June 23, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Fossil pollen paints a picture of fast-paced human impact.
This week's Discovery Files Video highlights the pollen research of an international team of NSF-funded scientists who analyzed more than 1,100 fossil pollen records to understand how ecosystems have changed since the end of the last ice age--some 18,000 years ago.This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - June 23, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Magnet floats above superconductor cooled with liquid nitrogen
A magnet floats above a superconductor cooled with liquid nitrogen. Superconducting materials require extreme cold to achieve superconductivity, but researchers are working to develop room temperature superconducting materials. [Research supported by U.S. National Science Foundation grants DMR ...This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - June 22, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

VLA and Hubble telescope image of galaxy cluster MACSJ0717.5+3745
A Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array radio image superimposed on a Hubble Space Telescope image of the galaxy cluster MACSJ0717.5+3745. The red-orange objects are large structures called radio relics, possibly caused by shock waves within the cluster. [The National Radio Astronomy Observatory is a ...This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - June 22, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Soft robotic dragonfly called'Drabot '
This completely soft robotic dragonfly, called "Drabot," can skim across water and react to environmental conditions such as pH, temperature or the presence of oil. [Research supported by U.S. National Science Foundation grant ECCS 1542015.] Learn more in the Duke University news story (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - June 22, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Antarctica ’ s massive Thwaites Glacier is melting because of climate change, and a collapse of the.
Antarctica’s massive Thwaites Glacier is melting because of climate change, and a collapse of the glacier could raise sea levels significantly around the world. NSF’s U.S. Antarctic Program and the U.K. Natural Environment Research Council’s British Antarctic Survey have teamed up to send ...This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - June 22, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Debris from a star destroyed by supermassive black hole are flung into space
After a supermassive black hole tore a star apart, roughly half of the star's debris was flung out into space, while the remainder formed a glowing accretion disc around the black hole. The system shone brightly across many wavelengths and is thought to have produced energetic, jet-like outflows ...This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - June 19, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Fossil pollen paints a picture of fast-paced human impact.
NSF-funded scientists analyzed more than 1,100 fossil pollen records to understand how ecosystems have changed since the end of the last Ice Age--some 18,000 years ago.This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - June 17, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Tensegrity metamaterials
These novel tensegrity -- a design principle where isolated rigid bars are integrated into a flexible mesh of tethers to produce very lightweight, self-tensioning truss structures -- metamaterials employ isolated compressive loop elements that are exclusively connected through a continuous network ...This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - June 12, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Stable fly (Stomoxys calcitrans)
Frontal view of a stable fly (Stomoxys calcitrans). [Research supported by U.S. National Science Foundation grants DEB 1257053, DEB 1950078 and DEB 1654417.] Learn more about this research in the University of Cincinnati news story (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - June 12, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Aurora australis and Milky Way over IceCube laboratory
The aurora australis, or "Southern Lights," and the Milky Way over the IceCube Laboratory. [Research supported by U.S. National Science Foundation grants OPP 1600823 and PHY 1913607.] Learn more in the Michigan State University news story (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - June 12, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Experimental targets produce a turbulent plasma
These experimental targets -- consisting of two foils and a pair of grids and held together by cylindrical shields -- were designed to produce a turbulent plasma at conditions never reached before in a laboratory setting. [Research supported by U.S. National Science Foundation grant PHY ...This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - June 12, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Moment radioactive nuclei were incorporated into solids that would become meteorites
Artist's illustration of the formation of the solar system, capturing the moment where radioactive nuclei got incorporated into solids that would become meteorites. [Research supported by U.S. National Science Foundation grants PHY 1430152 and OISE 1927130.] Learn more in the Michigan State ...This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - June 11, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Early primate species Purgatorius mckeeveri
Artist's rendering of the newly-described early primate species Purgatorius mckeeveri, which lived shortly after the extinction of the dinosaurs and specialized in an omnivorous diet including fruit found in trees. [Research supported by a U.S. National Science Foundation Graduate ...This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - June 11, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Researchers studied the correlations between symbiotic algae and stressed Northern Star coral.
Scientists at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution examined antibiotic-induced stressors on the Northern Star coral, located in the murkier, colder waters near Cape Cod. They wanted to understand how the coral reassembles itself following a disruption.This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - June 10, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Colorful conductor
This close-up of a high-density Bi-2122 filament macrostructure produced at MagLab showcases the power of superconductivity -- the flow of electrons without heat. [MagLab is supported in part by the U.S. National Science Foundation (grant DMR 1644779).] Learn more about the (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - June 4, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Developing a taste for carbs wasn't necessarily a bad thing!
Anthropologists' analyzed the fossilized dental plaque of a one-hundred-thousand-year-old Neanderthal to explore the evolution of the oral microbiome.This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - June 4, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video

Green Bank Telescope in summer
Green Bank Telescope in the summer. [Green Bank Observatory is supported by the U.S. National Science Foundation.] Learn more about Green Bank Observatory. (Date image taken: July 30, 2020; date originally posted to NSF ...This is an NSF Multimedia Gallery item. (Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery)
Source: NSF Multimedia Gallery - June 4, 2021 Category: Science Source Type: video