Editorial board
Publication date: February 2021Source: The Veterinary Journal, Volume 268Author(s): (Source: The Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Veterinary Journal - January 17, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Inheritance of growth traits and impact of selection on carcass and egg quality traits in Vanashree , an improved indigenous chicken
AbstractThe present study was carried out to assess the inheritance of growth traits and to study the effect of selection on carcass characteristics and egg quality traits inVanashree, an improved indigenous chicken. Estimates of heritability were high for body weights recorded at 4, 5 and 6  weeks of age and 8th week shank length, while it was moderate for 8th week body weight. Estimates of heritability on sire component of variance declined as age increased from 4 to 8 weeks of age. The genetic and phenotypic correlations among various growth traits were positive and high in magnitu de. The body weight continue...
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - January 17, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus E protein suppresses RIG-I signaling-mediated interferon-β production
Publication date: Available online 15 January 2021Source: Veterinary MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Liang Zheng, Xianhe Wang, Dexuan Guo, Jinglong Cao, Lixin Cheng, Xingzhi Li, Dehua Zou, Yating Zhang, Jiaxin Xu, Xuening Wu, Yujiang Shen, Hongyu Wang, Wen Yu, Liyang Li, Lijie Xiao, Baifen Song, Jinzhu Ma, Xinyang Liu, Pengfei Li, Shuyan Xu (Source: Veterinary Microbiology)
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - January 16, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: January 2021Source: Veterinary Parasitology, Volume 289Author(s): (Source: Veterinary Parasitology)
Source: Veterinary Parasitology - January 16, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Aortopulmonary window, left coronary artery aneurysm and redundant aortic valve leaflet in a calf: the use of multimodal imaging to diagnose congenital heart disease
Publication date: Available online 16 January 2021Source: Journal of Veterinary CardiologyAuthor(s): Cortney Pelzek, Heidi B. Kellihan, Nora Sheehan, Alexis Powers, Simon F. Peek (Source: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology)
Source: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology - January 16, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Two radiographic methods for assessing left atrial enlargement and cardiac remodeling in dogs with myxomatous mitral valve disease
Publication date: Available online 15 January 2021Source: Journal of Veterinary CardiologyAuthor(s): T. Vezzosi, C. Puccinelli, S. Citi, R. Tognetti (Source: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology)
Source: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology - January 16, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Biochemical, carcass and meat quality alterations associated with different degree of lung lesions in slaughtered pigs
Publication date: Available online 15 January 2021Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Nikola Čobanović, Silvana Stajković, Jasna Kureljušić, Jadranka Žutić, Branislav Kureljušić, Sanja Dj Stanković, Nedjeljko Karabasil (Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine)
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - January 16, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Survey of perceptions and attitudes of an international group of veterinarians regarding antibiotic use and resistance on dairy cattle farms
Publication date: Available online 15 January 2021Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Sebastian G. Llanos-Soto, Neil Vezeau, Michelle Wemette, Ece Bulut, Amelia Greiner Safi, Paolo Moroni, Michael A. Shapiro, Renata Ivanek (Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine)
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - January 16, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

A comparison of the value of two machine learning predictive models to support bovine tuberculosis disease control in England
Publication date: Available online 15 January 2021Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): M. Pilar Romero, Yu-Mei Chang, Lucy A. Brunton, Alison Prosser, Paul Upton, Eleanor Rees, Oliver Tearne, Mark Arnold, Kim Stevens, Julian A. Drewe (Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine)
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - January 16, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Antimicrobial resistance of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from bovine mastitis: Systematic review and meta-analysis
Publication date: Available online 15 January 2021Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Ana Inés Molineri, Cecilia Camussone, M. Virginia Zbrun, Guillermo Suárez Archilla, Mariana Cristiani, Verónica Neder, Luis Calvinho, Marcelo Signorini (Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine)
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - January 16, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Stress response after race and endurance training sessions and competitions in Arabian horses
Publication date: Available online 15 January 2021Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): O. Witkowska-Piłaszewicz, J. Grzędzicka, J. Seń, M. Czopowicz, M. Żmigrodzka, A. Winnicka, A. Cywińska, C. Carter (Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine)
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - January 16, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Genetics of canine diabetes mellitus part 1: Phenotypes of disease
Publication date: Available online 15 January 2021Source: The Veterinary JournalAuthor(s): Alice L. Denyer, Canine Diabetes Genetics Partnership, Brian Catchpole, Lucy J. Davison (Source: The Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Veterinary Journal - January 16, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Genetics of canine diabetes mellitus part 2: Current understanding and future directions
Publication date: Available online 15 January 2021Source: The Veterinary JournalAuthor(s): Alice L. Denyer, Canine Diabetes Genetics Partnership, Brian Catchpole, Lucy J. Davison (Source: The Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Veterinary Journal - January 16, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Inbreeding levels in an open-registry pedigreed dog breed: The Australian working kelpie
Publication date: Available online 15 January 2021Source: The Veterinary JournalAuthor(s): Brandon D. Velie, Bethany J. Wilson, Elizabeth R. Arnott, Jonathan B. Early, Paul D. McGreevy, Claire M. Wade (Source: The Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Veterinary Journal - January 16, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

The effects of an alpha-2-adrenoceptor agonist, antagonist, and their combination on the blood insulin, glucose, and glucagon concentrations in insulin sensitive and dysregulated horses
Publication date: Available online 15 January 2021Source: The Veterinary JournalAuthor(s): J.R. Box, N.P. Karikoski, H.E. Tanskanen, M.R. Raekallio (Source: The Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Veterinary Journal - January 16, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Lactobacillus salivarius ameliorated Mycoplasma gallisepticum-induced inflammatory injury and secondary Escherichia coli infection in chickens: involvement of intestinal microbiota
Publication date: Available online 15 January 2021Source: Veterinary Immunology and ImmunopathologyAuthor(s): Jian Wang, Muhammad Ishfaq, Jichang Li (Source: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology)
Source: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology - January 16, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Analysis of virulence genes and molecular typing of Listeria monocytogenes isolates from human, food, and livestock from 2008 to 2016 in Iran
This study highlights the high prevalence of Serotype 1/2c in clinical and livestock samples, while different serotypes were observed in food samples. The presence of rare serotype s such as 4c, belonging to the Lineage III, as well as 4e and 1/2c which are infrequent in Iran indicates that paying attention to uncommon serotypes, especially 1/2c, during the listeriosis outbreaks is necessary. (Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production)
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - January 16, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Editorial Board
Publication date: February 2021Source: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, Volume 232Author(s): (Source: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology)
Source: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology - January 15, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Integration of georeferenced and genetic data for the management of biodiversity in sheep genetic resources in Brazil
AbstractThere are few animal germplasm/gene bank collections in Brazil, and basic studies are needed to attend the future internal and external demands from international partners. The aim of this work was to validate a “proof of concept” that integrates spatial (georeferenced data) and genetic data regarding the local of origin from 3518 DNA samples from 17 different genetic groups or breeds of sheep in the Brazilian Germplasm bank. Spatialisation shows that not all genetic groups have samples in the bank, and collection is concentrated in the conservation nuclei spread nationwide. Only 21% of states with a sp...
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - January 15, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Detecting acute kidney injury in horses by measuring the concentration of symmetric dimethylarginine in serum
Acute kidney injury (AKI) in horses may develop as a complication of a primary disease or following the administration of nephrotoxic drugs, and may pose a diagnostic challenge. Hence, the main objective of th... (Source: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica)
Source: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica - January 15, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Natalia Siwinska, Agnieszka Zak and Urszula Paslawska Tags: Research Source Type: research

Effect of replacing inorganic trace minerals at lower organic levels on growth performance, blood parameters, antioxidant status, immune indexes, and fecal mineral excretion in weaned piglets
This study aimed to investigate the effect of replacing of ITMs with lower levels of OTMs on growth performance, blood parameters, antioxidant status, and immune indexes in weaned piglets. The experiment was conducted in a subtropical city in Guangdong Province in South China (subtropical climate) from July to September 2018. A total of 600 pigs with an average initial BW of 8.90  kg were allotted by gender and weight to 5 treatments with 6 replicate pens per treatment. Experimental treatments: (A) Control group (a basal diet with iron, copper, manganese, and zinc from sulfates and sodium selenite providing commercial...
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - January 14, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Periodic changes in chemical composition and in vitro digestibility of locally available Gramineae feed resources in the Philippines
AbstractEfficient utilization of locally available feed resources is needed for further development of livestock productions in the tropics. However, an inadequate supply of nourish grass is common, and limited information exists regarding the chemical composition and digestibility of locally available feed resources in the different season. There were few reliable information concerning nutritive value of Gramineae resources in dry and rainy seasons in the Philippines. Hence, the present study was conducted to identify the chemical composition and in vitro digestibility of nine kinds of locally available Gramineae feed re...
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - January 14, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Influence of dietary supplementation of Crassocephalum crepidioides leaf on growth, immune status, caecal microbiota, and meat quality in broiler chickens
AbstractThe effect of dietary supplementation ofCrassocephalum crepidioides leaf powder (CCLP) in comparison with oxytetracycline and butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) on growth, caecal microbiota, immune status, blood chemistry, carcass traits, meat quality, and oxidative stability in broiler chickens was evaluated. Two hundred and eighty 1-day-old Arbor acre chicks were randomly assigned to a basal diet containing either no additive (control, CON), 400  ppm oxytetracycline + 150 ppm BHA (ANTIBIOX), 1000 ppm CCLP (CCLP-1), or 2000 ppm CCLP (CCLP-2) for 42 days. Each dietary group had seven replicates...
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - January 14, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Assessment of genetic diversity and population structure of Colombian Creole cattle using microsatellites
AbstractTo establish the diversity, structure, and phylogenetic relationships among Colombian Creole cattle, six native breeds and one introduced breed were genotyped for 20 microsatellite loci. The average number of alleles per breed ranged from 7050 (Romosinuano) to 10,100 (Casanare ño), and the expected heterozygosity ranged from 0.691 (San martinero) to 0.785 (Casanareño). The deviation from the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) was statistically significant (p 
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - January 14, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Contribution of social genetic effects in variance components estimation for body weight in Nigerian indigenous chickens raised in a tropical humid location
In conclusion, the use of models that account for direct effect and social genetic effect of the individual on its group members would entail an optimal individual selection scheme to increase the body weight of chickens. (Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production)
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - January 14, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Generation of Recombinant Influenza Virus Bearing Strep Tagged PB2 and Effective Identification of Interactional Host Factors
Publication date: Available online 13 January 2021Source: Veterinary MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Huanan Li, Lihong Huang, Yuandi Yu, Xingxing Ren, Bo Li, Jiahao Zhang, Ming Liao, Wenbao Qi (Source: Veterinary Microbiology)
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - January 13, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Bluetongue Virus Non-structural Protein 3 (NS3) and NS4 Coordinatively Antagonize Type Ⅰ Interferon Signaling by Targeting STAT1
Publication date: Available online 12 January 2021Source: Veterinary MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Zhuoran Li, Danfeng Lu, Heng Yang, Zhuoyue Li, Pei Zhu, Jiarui Xie, Defang Liao, Yongtang Zheng, Huachun Li (Source: Veterinary Microbiology)
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - January 13, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Multiphase multidetector-row computed tomographic and ultrasonographic findings in dogs with spontaneous liver lobe torsion
Publication date: Available online 12 January 2021Source: Research in Veterinary ScienceAuthor(s): Alessia Cordella, Giovanna Bertolini (Source: Research in Veterinary Science)
Source: Research in Veterinary Science - January 13, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

N-linked glycosylation at site 158 of the HA protein of H5N6 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus is important for viral biological properties and host immune responses
AbstractSince 2014, clade 2.3.4.4 has become the dominant epidemic branch of the Asian lineage H5 subtype highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) in southern and eastern China, while the H5N6 subtype is the most prevalent. We have shown earlier that lack of glycosylation at position 158 of the hemagglutinin (HA) glycoprotein due to the T160A mutation is a key determinant of the dual receptor binding property of clade 2.3.4.4 H5NX subtypes. Our present study aims to explore other effects of this site among H5N6 viruses. Here we report that N-linked glycosylation at site 158 facilitated the assembly of virus-like par...
Source: Veterinary Research - January 13, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Effects of graded levels of mineral mixtures (Aquamin ® and Agrimin®) supplemented diets on growth, survival, proximate composition, and carcass mineralization of juvenile freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium malcolmsonii (H Milne-Edwards 1844)
AbstractThe present study investigated the effects of Aquamin ® mineral mixture (AQMM) and Agrimin® mineral mixture (AGMM) supplemented diets on growth and chemical composition of juvenile freshwater prawnMacrobrachium malcolmsonii (H. Milne-Edwards, 1844). Experimental diets containing 6 different AQMM levels (Trial 1: 0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, and 2.5%) and 6 different AGMM levels (Trial 2: 0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, and 2.5%) were formulated to feed juvenile prawn [initial body weight of 0.82  ± 0.05 g (Trial 1) and 1.24 ± 0.03 g (Trial 2)] for 60 days. Prawn fed...
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - January 13, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Evaluation of non-synonym mutation in DGAT1 K232A as a marker for milk production traits in Ongole cattle and Murrah buffalo from Southern India
AbstractVarious candidate genes have been reported to affect milk yield and composition in dairy cattle. A non-synonymous mutation in theDGAT1 gene, i.e., K232A was reported to have a strong association with milk yield and milk composition ofBos taurus. A study has been undertaken on 502 unrelated individuals belonging to indigenous Ongole cattle, crossbred cattle, and Murrah buffaloes from the Indian sub-continent with the objective to determine the polymorphism of the K232A locus and their association with milk yield and composition. TypingDGAT1 K232A allelic variation by PCR-RFLP usingCfrI restriction enzyme revealed th...
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - January 13, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Effect of housing improvement and other factors on the growth of heifer calves on Kenyan smallholder dairy farms
AbstractThis trial evaluated average daily gain (ADG) effects of heifer calves (
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - January 13, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Venom immunotherapy for Hymenoptera allergy in a dog.
Abstract A 1.5-year-old male castrated dog was presented in anaphylactic shock after suffering an apparent bee sting. Immunotherapy with bee venom was initiated based upon history, skin testing and serological testing for allergen-specific immunoglobulin (Ig)E. The dog was maintained on venom immunotherapy for five years and showed no signs of adverse effects from therapy or from repeated bee stings. PMID: 33439532 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Veterinary Dermatology)
Source: Veterinary Dermatology - January 13, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Rostaher A, Mueller RS, Meile L, Favrot C, Fischer NM Tags: Vet Dermatol Source Type: research

Cutaneous and systemic granulomatous disease associated with hairy vetch toxicosis in a French Holstein dairy herd.
This report describes an outbreak of hairy vetch toxicosis afflicting a herd of cattle with a fatal cutaneous and systemic granulomatous disease. It highlights how this condition remains poorly recognized by cattle production professionals in Europe and the need for communication about vetch-associated diseases. PMID: 33439531 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Veterinary Dermatology)
Source: Veterinary Dermatology - January 13, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Plassard V, Briand A, Laloy E, Gourreau JM, Pin D, Millemann Y Tags: Vet Dermatol Source Type: research

Assessment of 17 α-ethinylestradiol effects in Daphnia magna: life-history traits, biochemical and genotoxic parameters.
Assessment of 17α-ethinylestradiol effects in Daphnia magna: life-history traits, biochemical and genotoxic parameters. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2021 Jan 13;: Authors: Rodrigues S, Silva AM, Antunes SC Abstract The occurrence of pharmaceuticals in aquatic ecosystems and the need to study them have increased over the years since they enter continuously the environment. Besides, these compounds are not intended for applications with environmental purposes, and therefore, little is known about their ecological effects, particularly in non-target organisms, as invertebrate species. Inside these s...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - January 13, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Rodrigues S, Silva AM, Antunes SC Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research

Reversible myocardial dysfunction in a dog after resuscitation from cardiopulmonary arrest
Publication date: Available online 26 December 2020Source: Journal of Veterinary CardiologyAuthor(s): I. Magagnoli, G. Romito, R. Troia, E. Murgia, M. Giunti (Source: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology)
Source: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology - January 12, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Significance of cervico-vaginal microbes in bovine reproduction and pheromone production – A hypothetical review
Publication date: March 2021Source: Research in Veterinary Science, Volume 135Author(s): M. Srinivasan, M. Adnane, G. Archunan (Source: Research in Veterinary Science)
Source: Research in Veterinary Science - January 12, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Identification of a novel protein in porcine astrovirus that is important for virus replication
Publication date: Available online 11 January 2021Source: Veterinary MicrobiologyAuthor(s): Yanjie Du, Chengyuan Ji, Teng Liu, Wenchao Zhang, Qingli Fang, Qinting Dong, Mingyang Li, Hao Wang, Ying Chen, Kang Ouyang, Zuzhang Wei, Weijian Huang (Source: Veterinary Microbiology)
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - January 12, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Gene cloning, analysis and effect of a new lipocalin homologue from Haemaphysalis longicornis as a protective antigen for an anti-tick vaccine
Publication date: Available online 11 January 2021Source: Veterinary ParasitologyAuthor(s): Duo Wang, Xiaocan Xu, Lihong Lv, Pinxing Wu, Hongmeng Dong, Shuwen Xiao, Jingze Liu, Yonghong Hu (Source: Veterinary Parasitology)
Source: Veterinary Parasitology - January 12, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Characterization of the complete mitochondrial genomes of Coronocyclus labiatus and Cylicodontophorus bicoronatus: comparison with Strongylidae species and phylogenetic implication
Publication date: Available online 11 January 2021Source: Veterinary ParasitologyAuthor(s): Yuan Gao, Xiao-Xu Wang, Xiao-Xiao Ma, Zhong-Huai Zhang, Zhuo Lan, Yang-Yuan Qiu, Shuang Wang, Min-Xin Song, Chun-Ren Wang (Source: Veterinary Parasitology)
Source: Veterinary Parasitology - January 12, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

An Adolescent ’s Use of Veterinary Medicines: A Case Report Exploring Addiction
. (Source: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs)
Source: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs - January 12, 2021 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mark Mohan Kaggwa Sympson Nuwamanya Scholastic Ashaba Godfrey Zari Rukundo Sheila Harms Source Type: research

Genetic diversity and population structure of three native cattle populations in Mozambique
AbstractIn the present work, the population diversity and structure of three populations of native Mozambican cattle were studied, to develop knowledge that is required for sound conservation and genetic improvement programs of these genetic resources. A total of 228 animals (Landim, Angone, and Tete) were genotyped using the International Dairy and Beef version three (IDBV3) SNP BeadChip array. Population parameters varied within a limited scope, with the average minor allele frequency (MAF) ranging from 0.228  ± 0.154 in the Angone to 0.245 ± 0.145 in the Tete population, while e...
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - January 12, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Optimum inclusion levels of Leucaena leucocephala pasture leaf-meal on growth, haematology and physiological performance of growing pigs
This study was conducted to evaluate the optimum inclusion levels ofLeucaena leucocephala leaf meal on growth, haematology, and physiological performance of pigs. A total of 16 grower pigs comprising of 12 females and 4 castrated males weighing an average of 13.5  kg were assigned into a completely randomized experimental layout, subjected to 4 inclusion levels of leaf meal (0, 50, 100, and 150 g/kg DM). Regression model and one-way ANOVA model were used to analyse the data. The total feed intake (TFI) and average weekly feed intake (AWFI) were significant ly affected quadratically (P   0.05) affect...
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - January 12, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Impact of multi-strain probiotic, citric acid, garlic powder or their combinations on performance, ileal histomorphometry, microbial enumeration and humoral immunity of broiler chickens
This study examined the effect of dietary inclusion of probiotic (PRO), citric acid (CIT), garlic powder (GAR) or their combinations on growth, blood constituents, ileal microflora and morphology and humoral immunity of broiler chickens subjected to cyclic heat stress. Four hundred ninety one-day-old Ross-308 broiler chicks were randomly allocated to 7 groups with 7 replicates of 10 birds each as follows: control (C) group received the basal diet without supplements, PRO, CIT and GAR groups supplemented with 0.5  g kg−1 multi-strain probiotic mixture (MPM), citric acid and garlic powder, respectively. PRO-C...
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - January 12, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

The Portuguese Serrana goat breed: a review
AbstractGoats were among the first animals to be domesticated over 10,000  years ago and are part of human societies since the beginning of agriculture. Goats play a major role both in commercial farming systems and in subsistence agriculture systems, particularly in tropical, subtropical and Mediterranean regions where they are crucial for the supply of meat, milk, fibr e and dung. This review concerns theSerrana breed, the most important and numerous indigenous goat breed from Portugal that was furthermore exported to other regions of the world, notably South America during the Portuguese colonization. Herein, we de...
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - January 12, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Multi-species pastures for grazing dairy cows in small-scale dairy systems in the highlands of Mexico
The objective was to assess a multi-species (MS) pasture of perennial ryegrass (RG), tall fescue (TF), bromegrass (BG), red clover (RC) and white clover (WC) in comparison to a BP of perennial ryegrass (RG)– WC grazed by six Holstein dairy cows during the dry season in an on-farm double cross-over experiment, with three 14-day each experimental periods for animal variables, and a split-plot design for pasture variables at 3 cow/ha. There were differences (P 
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - January 12, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Canine Carpal Injuries
The canine and feline carpus is a complex arrangement of bones, ligaments, and joint spaces that functions as a ginglymus joint to provide carpal flexion and extension. Given the demanding biomechanical demands on the carpus during weight bearing, a variety of region-specific pathology, often secondary to trauma, are reported. This review details carpal anatomy, biomechanical understandings, and current evidence surrounding carpal pathology and its management. Partial carpal arthrodesis and pancarpal arthrodesis outcomes are reviewed in detail. (Source: Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice)
Source: Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice - January 12, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Lucas Henry Beierer Source Type: research

Relationship between atrial fibrillatory rate based on analysis of a modified base-apex surface electrocardiogram analysis and the results of transvenous electrical cardioversion in horses with spontaneous atrial fibrillation
Publication date: Available online 11 January 2021Source: Journal of Veterinary CardiologyAuthor(s): Glenn Van Steenkiste, Jonas Carlson, Annelies Decloedt, Lisse Vera, Rikke Buhl, Pyotr G. Platonov, Gunther van Loon (Source: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology)
Source: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology - January 11, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of Coxiella burnetii in a dairy cattle herd from the Al Ain region, United Arab Emirates
AbstractThe present study assessed the serostatus ofCoxiella burnetii in a dairy cattle herd from the Al Ain region, UAE. In addition, the study evaluated the relationship betweenC. burnetii seropositivity and history of abortion and cattle age. Blood/sera from 759 cattle were tested by ELISA, and the data analyzed by the Pearson Chi-square test (PCST), odds ratios, and logistic regression. Of the 759 study cattle, 36.5% (277/759) were seropositive while 63.5% (482/759) were seronegative forC. burnetii. Additionally, 19.5% (148/759) of the cattle had ever aborted while 80.5% (611/759) had not. Meanwhile, 34.3% (95/277) of ...
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - January 11, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Agroecological practices to support tropical livestock farming systems: a Caribbean and Latin American perspective
AbstractWith global climate changes currently occurring, and particularly given the severe energy and food shortages occurring throughout tropical regions, agroecological (AE) systems are drawing renewed attention as an efficient alternative to intensive models of production, particularly unsuitable in regions of the world such as the Caribbean or Latin America. There is a pressing need to focus on livestock farming systems (LFS) and characterize their potential contributions to global sustainability. A multidisciplinary approach is needed to address these multiple and complex problems. Traditionally, LFS have shown their ...
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - January 11, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research