SARS-CoV-2 infection in domestic and feral cats: Current evidence and implications
Vet Q. 2021 Jul 28:1-7. doi: 10.1080/01652176.2021.1962576. Online ahead of print.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34319851 | DOI:10.1080/01652176.2021.1962576 (Source: Veterinary Quarterly)
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - July 28, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Khan Sharun AbdulRahman A Saied Ruchi Tiwari Kuldeep Dhama Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7980: Rapid Discovery and Detection of Haemaphysalis longicornis through the Use of Passive Surveillance and Collaboration: Building a State Tick-Surveillance Network
pplegate Joy Sweaney Sterling Daniels Samantha Beaty Douglas Balthaser James D. Freye James W. Mertins Denise L. Bonilla Kevin Lahmers Between March 2019 and February 2020, Asian long-horned ticks (Haemaphysalis longicornis Neumann, 1901) were discovered and collected for the first time in one middle and seven eastern Tennessee counties, facilitated by a newly developed passive and collaborative tick-surveillance network. Network collaborators included federal, state, county, university, and private resource personnel working with companion animals, livestock, and wildlife. Specimens were collected prim...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Rebecca T. Trout Fryxell Den é N. Vann Rebecca A. Butler Dave J. Paulsen Jennifer G. Chandler Micah P. Willis Heidi M. Wyrosdick John J. Schaefer Richard W. Gerhold Daniel M. Grove Jennie Z. Ivey Kevin W. Thompson Roger D. Applegate Joy Sweaney Sterling Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 7969: Spatio-Temporal Distribution and Influencing Factors of Human and Veterinary Pharmaceuticals in the Tributary Surface Waters of the Han River Watershed, South Korea
This study observed the effect of human and animal populations, usage, purchasing criteria (prescription vs. non-prescription), and land use to identify the spatio-temporal distribution of eight pharmaceuticals at twenty-four sites of the tributaries of the Han River watershed. In rural areas, the mean concentration (detection frequency) of non-prescription pharmaceuticals (NPPs) was higher (lower) compared to that of prescription pharmaceuticals (PPs); in urban areas, a reverse trend was observed. Pharmaceutical concentrations in urban and rural areas were mainly affected by wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) and non-poi...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 28, 2021 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Jong Kwon Im Sang Hun Kim Young Seok Kim Soon Ju Yu Tags: Article Source Type: research

Rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus Lagovirus europaeus/GI.1d strain: genome sequencing, in vivo virus replication kinetics, and viral dose effect
Rabbit haemorrhagic disease virus Lagovirus europaeus/GI.1d variant (GI.1d/RHDV) was identified in 1990 in France, and until the emergence of the new genotype GI.2, it was the main variant circulating in the coun... (Source: BMC Veterinary Research)
Source: BMC Veterinary Research - July 28, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Cl ément Droillard, Evelyne Lemaitre, Michel Amelot, Yannick Blanchard, Alassane Keita, Nicolas Eterradossi and Ghislaine Le Gall-Reculé Tags: Research Source Type: research

A comprehensive review on avian chlamydiosis: a neglected zoonotic disease
AbstractAvian chlamydiosis is one of the important neglected diseases with critical zoonotic potential.Chlamydia psittaci, the causative agent, affects most categories of birds, livestock, companion animals, and humans. It has many obscured characters and epidemiological dimensions, which makes it unique among other bacterial agents. Recent reports on transmission from equine to humans alarmed the public health authorities, and it necessitates the importance of routine screening of this infectious disease. High prevalence of spill-over infection in equines was associated with reproductive losses. Newer avian chlamydial spe...
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - July 27, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Effects of gender and slaughter age on meat quality of Anatolian water buffaloes
AbstractThe study aimed to investigate the effects of slaughter age and gender on specific carcass and technological meat quality characteristics in Anatolian water buffaloes. The study was conducted on 55 water buffaloes using a 2  × 2 factorial design with two independent variables at two levels. Gender subgroups of male (n = 29) and female (n = 26) and slaughter age subgroups of younger than 2 years of age (n = 29) and older than 2 years of age (n = 26) were evaluated. Hot carcass and cold carcass wei ghts were higher in old water buff...
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - July 27, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Correction to: Performance, biochemical and physiological parameters of Dorper × Santa Ines lambs fed with three levels of metabolizable energy
(Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production)
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - July 27, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Understanding the dairy production systems in rural settlements in the Brazilian semi-arid region: characterization, typology, and holistic perception
The objective of this study was to characterize and typify dairy farms and to evaluate society ’s perception of dairy production in rural settlements in the Brazilian semi-arid region. A questionnaire containing questions related to socioeconomic, livestock, physical, herd management, and production indicators was applied to 17 milk farmers for typological analysis. A second questionnaire w as subsequently applied to the same 17 farmers for the holistic perception of dairy farming in rural settlements, in addition to 47 technicians in the area of animal science and 140 laypeople. Milk samples were collected in the se...
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - July 27, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Nutritive value of guar and copra meal after fermentation with yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae in the diet of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus
AbstractSolid-state fermentation increases nutritional bioavailability of plant ingredients by reducing the antinutritional factors and complexity of the nutrients. The present experiment was conducted to replace fish meal (FM) with a mixture (3:1) of yeast fermented guar and copra meal (FGCM) in the diet of Nile tilapia. Five iso-nitrogenous (30% CP) and iso-lipidic (6% CL) diets were formulated replacing FM at 0% (FGCM0), 25% (FGCM 1), 50% (FGCM 2), 75% (FGCM 3), and 100% (FGCM 4) with FGCM mixture. Growth, nutrient utilisation, digestibility, digestive enzyme activity, haematological parameters, and antioxidant capacity...
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - July 27, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Leech therapy (Hirudo medicinalis) attenuates testicular damages induced by testicular ischemia/reperfusion in an animal model
Testicular torsion/detorsion triggers tissue ischemia/reperfusion, leading to reactive oxygen species overgeneration and apoptosis. The saliva of leeches is full of anti-inflammatory, anticoagulants, antioxida... (Source: BMC Veterinary Research)
Source: BMC Veterinary Research - July 27, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Farshid Davoodi, Shayan Taheri, Abbas Raisi, Asghar Rajabzadeh, Amir Zakian, Mohammad Hassan Hablolvarid and Hassan Ahmadvand Tags: Research Source Type: research

Bacteriophages as tools for biofilm biocontrol in different fields
Biofouling. 2021 Jul 26:1-21. doi: 10.1080/08927014.2021.1955866. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTMicrobial biofilms are difficult to control due to the limited accessibility that antimicrobial drugs and chemicals have to the entrapped inner cells. The extracellular matrix, binds water, contributes to altered cell physiology within biofilms and act as a barrier for most antiproliferative molecules. Thus, new strategies need to be developed to overcome biofilm vitality. In this review, based on 223 documents, the advantages, recommendations, and limitations of using bacteriophages as 'biofilm predators' are presented. The pla...
Source: Biofouling - July 26, 2021 Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Camila Mendes Figueiredo Marilia Silva Malvezzi Karwowski Romeu Cassiano Pucci da Silva Ramos Nicoly Subtil de Oliveira Lorena Caroline Pe ña Everdan Carneiro Renata Ernlund Freitas de Macedo Edvaldo Antonio Ribeiro Rosa Source Type: research

Bacteriophages as tools for biofilm biocontrol in different fields
Biofouling. 2021 Jul 26:1-21. doi: 10.1080/08927014.2021.1955866. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTMicrobial biofilms are difficult to control due to the limited accessibility that antimicrobial drugs and chemicals have to the entrapped inner cells. The extracellular matrix, binds water, contributes to altered cell physiology within biofilms and act as a barrier for most antiproliferative molecules. Thus, new strategies need to be developed to overcome biofilm vitality. In this review, based on 223 documents, the advantages, recommendations, and limitations of using bacteriophages as 'biofilm predators' are presented. The pla...
Source: Biofouling - July 26, 2021 Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Camila Mendes Figueiredo Marilia Silva Malvezzi Karwowski Romeu Cassiano Pucci da Silva Ramos Nicoly Subtil de Oliveira Lorena Caroline Pe ña Everdan Carneiro Renata Ernlund Freitas de Macedo Edvaldo Antonio Ribeiro Rosa Source Type: research

Molecular typing and pathogenicity assessment of fowl adenovirus associated with inclusion body hepatitis in chicken from India
AbstractRecently, inclusion body hepatitis (IBH) outbreaks have been increasingly reported in different regions of India, particularly in broiler flocks. The present study was undertaken to characterize fowl adenovirus associated with IBH in chicken and assessment of its pathogenicity. Liver samples were collected from fowl adenovirus (FAdV) suspected 100 commercial broiler and six broiler breeder flocks from eleven different States of India from 2016 to 2019. All the samples were subjected to 897-bp FAdV hexon gene-specific PCR for confirmation and primary chicken liver cells were used to isolate the field FAdVs. Sequenci...
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - July 26, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Exploring the relationship between polymorphisms of leptin and IGF-1 genes with milk yield in indicine and taurine crossbred cows
AbstractLeptin an adipokine plays a significant role in several physiological processes and has been indicated as a candidate gene for marker-assisted selection for high-yielding cows. Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) hormone plays an important physiological role in growth, development, metabolism, and lactation in bovines. It is believed to be one of the main mediators of energy balance effects on the reproductive performance of dairy cows after calving. The present investigation was carried out to identify the novel polymorphisms in exon 3 region of leptin and exon 3 partial intron 3 of IGF-1 genes and their associat...
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - July 26, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Viruses, Vol. 13, Pages 1453: SARS-CoV-2 Infection in Dogs and Cats from Southern Germany and Northern Italy during the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic
fmann-Lehmann Marina L. Meli Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has affected millions of people globally since its first detection in late 2019. Besides humans, cats and, to some extent, dogs were shown to be susceptible to SARS-CoV-2, highlighting the need for surveillance in a One Health context. Seven veterinary clinics from regions with high incidences of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) were recruited during the early pandemic (March to July 2020) for the screening of patients. A total of 2257 oropharyngeal and nasal swab specimen from 877 dogs and 260 cats (including 18 animals from COVI...
Source: Viruses - July 26, 2021 Category: Virology Authors: Julia Klaus Eric Zini Katrin Hartmann Herman Egberink Anja Kipar Mich èle Bergmann Carlo Palizzotto Shan Zhao Francesco Rossi Vittoria Franco Federico Porporato Regina Hofmann-Lehmann Marina L. Meli Tags: Communication Source Type: research

A defect in the NOG gene increases susceptibility to spontaneous superficial chronic corneal epithelial defects (SCCED) in boxer dogs
Superficial chronic corneal epithelial defects (SCCEDs) are spontaneous corneal defects in dogs that share many clinical and pathologic characteristics to recurrent corneal erosions (RCE) in humans. Boxer dogs... (Source: BMC Veterinary Research)
Source: BMC Veterinary Research - July 26, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Kathryn M. Meurs, Keith Montgomery, Steven G. Friedenberg, Brian Williams and Brian C. Gilger Tags: Research Source Type: research

Comparative iTRAQ proteomics identified proteins associated with sperm maturation between yak and cattleyak epididymis
During maturation, spermatozoa acquire motility and fertilizing capacity as they transit through the epididymis. In recent years, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis has been employed in proteomics studies con... (Source: BMC Veterinary Research)
Source: BMC Veterinary Research - July 26, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Wangsheng Zhao, Siraj Ahmed, Junxia Liu, Saeed Ahmed, Eugene Quansah, Tajmal Hussain Solangi, Yitao Wu, Yueling Yangliu, Hongmei Wang, Jiangjiang Zhu and Xin Cai Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Seasonal and agro-ecological associations with feed resource use and milk production of ranging dairy cows in the Southern Ethiopian Rift Valley
This study evaluated seasonal changes of ranging dairy cow rations and milk production at different altitude regions within the Southern Ethiopian Rift Valley. A cross-sectional field survey using a structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 430 households with distinctive agro-ecology using a structured questionnaire and observation from a total of 340 households. Eighteen major feed types used by dairy farms were identified in the area and categorized into five classes: grazing pasture, cultivated pasture, crop residues, crop aftermath, agro-industrial by-products, and non-conventional feeds. All farmers indi...
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - July 25, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Appraisal of the Availability of Veterinary Pharmacy Didactic and Experiential Learning Opportunities at Pharmacy Programs
Conclusion Pharmacy programs were twice as likely to have experiential opportunities in veterinary pharmacy compared to didactic opportunities, leaving room for curricular development. With most graduating pharmacists choosing to work in the community pharmacy setting and the growth of veterinary pharmacy at several national corporate pharmacy chains, it would be advisable for pharmacy programs to expose students to veterinary pharmacy whether as a didactic course and/or an experiential rotation.PMID:34301576 | DOI:10.5688/ajpe8681 (Source: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education)
Source: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education - July 24, 2021 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Carolyn Elaimy Brittany Melton Gigi Davidson Adam Persky Emma Meyer Source Type: research

Appraisal of the Availability of Veterinary Pharmacy Didactic and Experiential Learning Opportunities at Pharmacy Programs
Conclusion Pharmacy programs were twice as likely to have experiential opportunities in veterinary pharmacy compared to didactic opportunities, leaving room for curricular development. With most graduating pharmacists choosing to work in the community pharmacy setting and the growth of veterinary pharmacy at several national corporate pharmacy chains, it would be advisable for pharmacy programs to expose students to veterinary pharmacy whether as a didactic course and/or an experiential rotation.PMID:34301576 | DOI:10.5688/ajpe8681 (Source: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education)
Source: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education - July 24, 2021 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Carolyn Elaimy Brittany Melton Gigi Davidson Adam Persky Emma Meyer Source Type: research

Appraisal of the Availability of Veterinary Pharmacy Didactic and Experiential Learning Opportunities at Pharmacy Programs
Conclusion Pharmacy programs were twice as likely to have experiential opportunities in veterinary pharmacy compared to didactic opportunities, leaving room for curricular development. With most graduating pharmacists choosing to work in the community pharmacy setting and the growth of veterinary pharmacy at several national corporate pharmacy chains, it would be advisable for pharmacy programs to expose students to veterinary pharmacy whether as a didactic course and/or an experiential rotation.PMID:34301576 | DOI:10.5688/ajpe8681 (Source: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education)
Source: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education - July 24, 2021 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Carolyn Elaimy Brittany Melton Gigi Davidson Adam Persky Emma Meyer Source Type: research

Three-dimensional computed tomography reconstructions: A tool for veterinary anatomy education
Ann Med Surg (Lond). 2021 Jun 11;67:102497. doi: 10.1016/j.amsu.2021.102497. eCollection 2021 Jul.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34295462 | PMC:PMC8282458 | DOI:10.1016/j.amsu.2021.102497 (Source: Annals of Medicine)
Source: Annals of Medicine - July 23, 2021 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Om Prakash Choudhary Source Type: research

Complementary liver and serum protein profile in wild boars infected by the giant liver fluke Fascioloides magna using tandem mass tags quantitative approach
J Proteomics. 2021 Jul 20:104332. doi: 10.1016/j.jprot.2021.104332. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTLiver fluke, Fascioloides magna, is an important non-native parasite introduced to Europe, posing a threat to survival of local wildlife populations. The aim of this study is to assess the serum and liver protein profile of control and F. magna infected wild boars, by means of shotgun tandem mass tag - based quantitative high resolution proteomic approach. In serum, 4 differentially abundant proteins were found out of total 1073 identified, while in liver from 3520 identified proteins, 116 were differentially abundant between ...
Source: Journal of Proteomics - July 23, 2021 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Josipa Kule š Lea Lovri ć Andrea Gelemanovi ć Blanka Beer Ljubi ć Ivana Rubi ć Miljenko Bujani ć Dean Konjevi ć Source Type: research

Effects of an articular cartilage lubrication with a viscosupplement in vitro and in vivo following osteochondral fractures in horses
CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: After induction of OA, equine SF lubricant function was impaired. Hyaluronan-sodium chondroitin sulfate-N-acetyl-d-glucosamine injection restored lubricant properties at certain time points and reduced pathological joint changes.PMID:34296945 | DOI:10.2460/ajvr.82.8.611 (Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research)
Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research - July 23, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Michele M Temple-Wong Aimee R Raleigh David D Frisbie Robert L Sah C Wayne McIlwraith Source Type: research

Weather conditions associated with death attributed to bovine respiratory disease complex in high-risk auction market-sourced male beef calves
Am J Vet Res. 2021 Aug;82(8):644-652. doi: 10.2460/ajvr.82.8.644.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: To evaluate associations between weather conditions and management factors with the incidence of death attributable to bovine respiratory disease complex (BRDC) in high-risk auction-sourced beef calves.ANIMALS: Cohorts (n = 3,339) of male beef calves (545,866) purchased by 1 large cattle feeding operation from 216 locations and transported to 1 of 89 feeding locations (backgrounding location or feedlot) with similar management protocols.PROCEDURES: Associations between weather conditions and management factors on the day of purchase (day P)...
Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research - July 23, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Lauren C Wisnieski David E Amrine Natalia Cernicchiaro Michael W Sanderson David G Renter Source Type: research

Quantification of serum fibroblast growth factor-19 concentration in healthy dogs before and after feeding
CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Results indicated that postprandial gallbladder contraction results in increases of serum FGF-19 concentration in healthy dogs. Assessment of circulating FGF-19 concentration could be used to detect disruptions in the enterohepatic-biliary axis in dogs.PMID:34296943 | DOI:10.2460/ajvr.82.8.676 (Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research)
Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research - July 23, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Jillian Myers L Abbigail Granger Sarah T Keeton Chin-Chi Liu Andrea N Johnston Source Type: research

Effects of calcium supplementation, incomplete milking, and vitamin D < sub > 3 < /sub > injection on serum total calcium concentration during the first 24 hours after parturition in dairy cows fed an anionic diet during late gestation
Am J Vet Res. 2021 Aug;82(8):634-643. doi: 10.2460/ajvr.82.8.634.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: To evaluate various strategies for prevention of subclinical hypocalcemia (SH) during the first 24 hours after parturition in dairy cows.ANIMALS: 165 multiparous German Holstein cows from 1 herd.PROCEDURES: All cows were fed a ration with a moderate dietary cation-anion difference (approx 0 mEq/100 g of dry matter; anionic diet) for the last 2 to 3 weeks of gestation. In the first part of a 2-part study, cows were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 treatment groups (no calcium supplementation [n = 30], oral administration of a calcium bolus alone ...
Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research - July 23, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Jim Weber Johannes Prusseit Rudolf Staufenbiel Source Type: research

Relationship between the ratio of optic nerve sheath diameter to eyeball transverse diameter and morphological characteristics of dogs
CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Ocular ultrasonography was a rapid, noninvasive, and reliable method for measurement of the ONSD/ETD ratio. The ONSD/ETD ratio did not appear to be influenced by dog morphology.PMID:34296941 | DOI:10.2460/ajvr.82.8.667 (Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research)
Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research - July 23, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Adrien Dupanloup Stephanie Osinchuk Source Type: research

Identification of serum microRNAs with differential expression between dogs with splenic masses and healthy dogs with histologically normal spleens
CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: 5 circulating miRNAs were identified that distinguished dogs with splenic hemangiosarcoma or hematoma from those with histologically normal spleens. These 5 miRNAs had higher expression in dogs with splenic masses, indicating upregulation of these circulating miRNAs occurs in these splenic disease states. These miRNAs may be useful as a noninvasive screening tool that uses serum to identify dogs with splenic masses.PMID:34296940 | DOI:10.2460/ajvr.82.8.659 (Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research)
Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research - July 23, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Janet A Grimes Kelsey R Robinson Anna-Claire M Bullington Jennifer M Schmiedt Source Type: research

< em > JAVMA < /em > New digest
Am J Vet Res. 2021 Aug;82(8):604-609. doi: 10.2460/ajvr.82.8.604.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34296939 | DOI:10.2460/ajvr.82.8.604 (Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research)
Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research - July 23, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Comparison of curvilinear-array (microconvex) and phased-array transducers for ultrasonography of the lungs in dogs
CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Results indicated both curvilinear-array (microconvex) and phased-array transducers can be used by experienced sonographers to obtain diagnostic ultrasonographic images of the lungs in dogs with acute or resolving left-sided congestive heart failure and suggested the former transducer may be preferred, particularly to aid identification of anatomic landmarks for orientation.PMID:34296938 | DOI:10.2460/ajvr.82.8.619 (Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research)
Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research - July 23, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Jessica L Ward Shane D Murphy Gregory R Lisciandro Melissa A Tropf Austin K Viall Teresa C De Francesco Source Type: research

Use of computed tomography to determine a species-specific formula for body surface area in bearded dragons ( < em > Pogona vitticeps < /em > )
CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Results indicated that because the K constant for bearded dragons in the present study was larger than the preexisting K constant of 10 used for reptiles or the various K constants established for some companion mammals, doses of chemotherapeutic drugs needed to treat affected bearded dragons may be higher than previously thought.PMID:34296937 | DOI:10.2460/ajvr.82.8.629 (Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research)
Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research - July 23, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Caitlin M Hepps Keeney Nathan C Nelson Tara M Harrison Source Type: research

Safety and efficacy of a ribose-cysteine supplement to increase erythrocyte glutathione concentration in healthy dogs
CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The RibCys supplement was safe and well tolerated in all dogs. Owners reported improvements in dermatologic and orthopedic conditions in some dogs in the RibCys group. No significant differences were observed in erythrocyte GSH concentration before or after RibCys treatment. This lack of significant differences may have been attributable to the use of healthy dogs, which would not be expected to have depleted GSH concentrations. Given the observed safety profile of RibCys, additional research is warranted to explore the potential usefulness of RibCys supplementation in dogs with cancer a...
Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research - July 23, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Ariana M Verrilli Nicole F Leibman Ann E Hohenhaus Brittany A Mosher Source Type: research

Retrospective immunohistochemical investigation on dolphin morbillivirus infection by comparing the performance of heterologous monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies - Short communication
In this study we compared the labelling quality and the neuroanatomical distribution of staining with these two Abs by means of IHC analysis. To this end, serial sections of the target organs from ten free-ranging stranded cetaceans, previously diagnosed as being infected with DMV by PCR and/or serology, were subjected to IHC. The brain, lungs and lymph nodes of one animal were found to be positive with both Abs. From two other animals, the brain and the spleen, respectively, tested positive only with the polyclonal Ab. In the positive brain tissues, multifocal immunostaining was observed, with similar staining location an...
Source: Acta Veterinaria Hungarica - July 23, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Federica Giorda Giovanni Di Guardo Katia Varello Alessandra Pautasso Eva Sierra Maria Domenica Pintore Carla Grattarola Erika Molica Colella Enrica Berio Maria Goria Elena Bozzetta Cristina Casalone Barbara Iulini Source Type: research

Three-dimensional computed tomography reconstructions: A tool for veterinary anatomy education
Ann Med Surg (Lond). 2021 Jun 11;67:102497. doi: 10.1016/j.amsu.2021.102497. eCollection 2021 Jul.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34295462 | PMC:PMC8282458 | DOI:10.1016/j.amsu.2021.102497 (Source: Annals of Medicine)
Source: Annals of Medicine - July 23, 2021 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Om Prakash Choudhary Source Type: research

Complementary liver and serum protein profile in wild boars infected by the giant liver fluke Fascioloides magna using tandem mass tags quantitative approach
J Proteomics. 2021 Jul 20:104332. doi: 10.1016/j.jprot.2021.104332. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTLiver fluke, Fascioloides magna, is an important non-native parasite introduced to Europe, posing a threat to survival of local wildlife populations. The aim of this study is to assess the serum and liver protein profile of control and F. magna infected wild boars, by means of shotgun tandem mass tag - based quantitative high resolution proteomic approach. In serum, 4 differentially abundant proteins were found out of total 1073 identified, while in liver from 3520 identified proteins, 116 were differentially abundant between ...
Source: Journal of Proteomics - July 23, 2021 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Josipa Kule š Lea Lovri ć Andrea Gelemanovi ć Blanka Beer Ljubi ć Ivana Rubi ć Miljenko Bujani ć Dean Konjevi ć Source Type: research

Effects of an articular cartilage lubrication with a viscosupplement in vitro and in vivo following osteochondral fractures in horses
CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: After induction of OA, equine SF lubricant function was impaired. Hyaluronan-sodium chondroitin sulfate-N-acetyl-d-glucosamine injection restored lubricant properties at certain time points and reduced pathological joint changes.PMID:34296945 | DOI:10.2460/ajvr.82.8.611 (Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research)
Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research - July 23, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Michele M Temple-Wong Aimee R Raleigh David D Frisbie Robert L Sah C Wayne McIlwraith Source Type: research

Weather conditions associated with death attributed to bovine respiratory disease complex in high-risk auction market-sourced male beef calves
Am J Vet Res. 2021 Aug;82(8):644-652. doi: 10.2460/ajvr.82.8.644.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: To evaluate associations between weather conditions and management factors with the incidence of death attributable to bovine respiratory disease complex (BRDC) in high-risk auction-sourced beef calves.ANIMALS: Cohorts (n = 3,339) of male beef calves (545,866) purchased by 1 large cattle feeding operation from 216 locations and transported to 1 of 89 feeding locations (backgrounding location or feedlot) with similar management protocols.PROCEDURES: Associations between weather conditions and management factors on the day of purchase (day P)...
Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research - July 23, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Lauren C Wisnieski David E Amrine Natalia Cernicchiaro Michael W Sanderson David G Renter Source Type: research

Quantification of serum fibroblast growth factor-19 concentration in healthy dogs before and after feeding
CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Results indicated that postprandial gallbladder contraction results in increases of serum FGF-19 concentration in healthy dogs. Assessment of circulating FGF-19 concentration could be used to detect disruptions in the enterohepatic-biliary axis in dogs.PMID:34296943 | DOI:10.2460/ajvr.82.8.676 (Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research)
Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research - July 23, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Jillian Myers L Abbigail Granger Sarah T Keeton Chin-Chi Liu Andrea N Johnston Source Type: research

Effects of calcium supplementation, incomplete milking, and vitamin D < sub > 3 < /sub > injection on serum total calcium concentration during the first 24 hours after parturition in dairy cows fed an anionic diet during late gestation
Am J Vet Res. 2021 Aug;82(8):634-643. doi: 10.2460/ajvr.82.8.634.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: To evaluate various strategies for prevention of subclinical hypocalcemia (SH) during the first 24 hours after parturition in dairy cows.ANIMALS: 165 multiparous German Holstein cows from 1 herd.PROCEDURES: All cows were fed a ration with a moderate dietary cation-anion difference (approx 0 mEq/100 g of dry matter; anionic diet) for the last 2 to 3 weeks of gestation. In the first part of a 2-part study, cows were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 treatment groups (no calcium supplementation [n = 30], oral administration of a calcium bolus alone ...
Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research - July 23, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Jim Weber Johannes Prusseit Rudolf Staufenbiel Source Type: research

Relationship between the ratio of optic nerve sheath diameter to eyeball transverse diameter and morphological characteristics of dogs
CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Ocular ultrasonography was a rapid, noninvasive, and reliable method for measurement of the ONSD/ETD ratio. The ONSD/ETD ratio did not appear to be influenced by dog morphology.PMID:34296941 | DOI:10.2460/ajvr.82.8.667 (Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research)
Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research - July 23, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Adrien Dupanloup Stephanie Osinchuk Source Type: research

Identification of serum microRNAs with differential expression between dogs with splenic masses and healthy dogs with histologically normal spleens
CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: 5 circulating miRNAs were identified that distinguished dogs with splenic hemangiosarcoma or hematoma from those with histologically normal spleens. These 5 miRNAs had higher expression in dogs with splenic masses, indicating upregulation of these circulating miRNAs occurs in these splenic disease states. These miRNAs may be useful as a noninvasive screening tool that uses serum to identify dogs with splenic masses.PMID:34296940 | DOI:10.2460/ajvr.82.8.659 (Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research)
Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research - July 23, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Janet A Grimes Kelsey R Robinson Anna-Claire M Bullington Jennifer M Schmiedt Source Type: research

< em > JAVMA < /em > New digest
Am J Vet Res. 2021 Aug;82(8):604-609. doi: 10.2460/ajvr.82.8.604.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34296939 | DOI:10.2460/ajvr.82.8.604 (Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research)
Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research - July 23, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Comparison of curvilinear-array (microconvex) and phased-array transducers for ultrasonography of the lungs in dogs
CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Results indicated both curvilinear-array (microconvex) and phased-array transducers can be used by experienced sonographers to obtain diagnostic ultrasonographic images of the lungs in dogs with acute or resolving left-sided congestive heart failure and suggested the former transducer may be preferred, particularly to aid identification of anatomic landmarks for orientation.PMID:34296938 | DOI:10.2460/ajvr.82.8.619 (Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research)
Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research - July 23, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Jessica L Ward Shane D Murphy Gregory R Lisciandro Melissa A Tropf Austin K Viall Teresa C De Francesco Source Type: research

Use of computed tomography to determine a species-specific formula for body surface area in bearded dragons ( < em > Pogona vitticeps < /em > )
CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Results indicated that because the K constant for bearded dragons in the present study was larger than the preexisting K constant of 10 used for reptiles or the various K constants established for some companion mammals, doses of chemotherapeutic drugs needed to treat affected bearded dragons may be higher than previously thought.PMID:34296937 | DOI:10.2460/ajvr.82.8.629 (Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research)
Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research - July 23, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Caitlin M Hepps Keeney Nathan C Nelson Tara M Harrison Source Type: research

Safety and efficacy of a ribose-cysteine supplement to increase erythrocyte glutathione concentration in healthy dogs
CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The RibCys supplement was safe and well tolerated in all dogs. Owners reported improvements in dermatologic and orthopedic conditions in some dogs in the RibCys group. No significant differences were observed in erythrocyte GSH concentration before or after RibCys treatment. This lack of significant differences may have been attributable to the use of healthy dogs, which would not be expected to have depleted GSH concentrations. Given the observed safety profile of RibCys, additional research is warranted to explore the potential usefulness of RibCys supplementation in dogs with cancer a...
Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research - July 23, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Ariana M Verrilli Nicole F Leibman Ann E Hohenhaus Brittany A Mosher Source Type: research

Retrospective immunohistochemical investigation on dolphin morbillivirus infection by comparing the performance of heterologous monoclonal and polyclonal antibodies - Short communication
In this study we compared the labelling quality and the neuroanatomical distribution of staining with these two Abs by means of IHC analysis. To this end, serial sections of the target organs from ten free-ranging stranded cetaceans, previously diagnosed as being infected with DMV by PCR and/or serology, were subjected to IHC. The brain, lungs and lymph nodes of one animal were found to be positive with both Abs. From two other animals, the brain and the spleen, respectively, tested positive only with the polyclonal Ab. In the positive brain tissues, multifocal immunostaining was observed, with similar staining location an...
Source: Acta Veterinaria Hungarica - July 23, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Federica Giorda Giovanni Di Guardo Katia Varello Alessandra Pautasso Eva Sierra Maria Domenica Pintore Carla Grattarola Erika Molica Colella Enrica Berio Maria Goria Elena Bozzetta Cristina Casalone Barbara Iulini Source Type: research

Three-dimensional computed tomography reconstructions: A tool for veterinary anatomy education
Ann Med Surg (Lond). 2021 Jun 11;67:102497. doi: 10.1016/j.amsu.2021.102497. eCollection 2021 Jul.NO ABSTRACTPMID:34295462 | PMC:PMC8282458 | DOI:10.1016/j.amsu.2021.102497 (Source: Annals of Medicine)
Source: Annals of Medicine - July 23, 2021 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Om Prakash Choudhary Source Type: research

Effects of an articular cartilage lubrication with a viscosupplement in vitro and in vivo following osteochondral fractures in horses
CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: After induction of OA, equine SF lubricant function was impaired. Hyaluronan-sodium chondroitin sulfate-N-acetyl-d-glucosamine injection restored lubricant properties at certain time points and reduced pathological joint changes.PMID:34296945 | DOI:10.2460/ajvr.82.8.611 (Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research)
Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research - July 23, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Michele M Temple-Wong Aimee R Raleigh David D Frisbie Robert L Sah C Wayne McIlwraith Source Type: research

Weather conditions associated with death attributed to bovine respiratory disease complex in high-risk auction market-sourced male beef calves
Am J Vet Res. 2021 Aug;82(8):644-652. doi: 10.2460/ajvr.82.8.644.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: To evaluate associations between weather conditions and management factors with the incidence of death attributable to bovine respiratory disease complex (BRDC) in high-risk auction-sourced beef calves.ANIMALS: Cohorts (n = 3,339) of male beef calves (545,866) purchased by 1 large cattle feeding operation from 216 locations and transported to 1 of 89 feeding locations (backgrounding location or feedlot) with similar management protocols.PROCEDURES: Associations between weather conditions and management factors on the day of purchase (day P)...
Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research - July 23, 2021 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Lauren C Wisnieski David E Amrine Natalia Cernicchiaro Michael W Sanderson David G Renter Source Type: research