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Residents teaching medical students: creating a learner network
(Source: Medical Education)
Source: Medical Education - February 23, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Paige Hacking, Susan Phillips Tags: Really Good Stuff Source Type: research

Prevention of venous thromboembolism through the implementation of a risk assessment tool: a comparative study in medical and surgical patients.
Authors: Park MY, Fletcher JP, Hoffmann C, Lance A, Gavegan F, Hitos K Abstract BACKGROUND: Hospitalised patients are at high risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Underutilisation of thromboprophylaxis remains common despite existing clinical guidelines. The aim is to evaluate the implementation of a state wide standardised adult VTE risk assessment tool (RAT) to assist in the screening of inpatients and prescribing of appropriate thromboprophylaxis. METHODS: In total, 234 patients were audited using clinical notes and spot assessments for VTE risk at Western Sydney Local Health District over a two year period...
Source: International Angiology - February 23, 2018 Category: Cardiology Tags: Int Angiol Source Type: research

Utility of Low Fidelity Manikins for Learning High Quality Chest Compressions
ConclusionsLow fidelity manikins are useful for training CPR in sequential manner but fail to impart quality of chest compressions as per AHA recommendations. (Source: Indian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Indian Journal of Pediatrics - February 23, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

The Familias Saludables partnership: Engaging the Latino community to address early childhood obesity.
Authors: Thompson DA, Federspiel DA Abstract Darcy A Thompson is an Associate Professor of pediatrics at the University of Colorado School of Medicine. Her main research seeks to address early childhood obesity in low-income children. She works in the Lifestyle Medicine clinic at Children's Hospital Colorado, a clinic focused on caring for children with obesity and related comorbidities. She is also an Associate Medical Director for the Research Institute at Children's Hospital Colorado. Her training includes a Master of Public Health degree, a medical degree (Yale University) and the Robert Wood Johnson Clini...
Source: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research - February 23, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Comp Eff Res Source Type: research

Nine years of comparative effectiveness research education and training: initiative supported by the PhRMA Foundation.
This report describes the initiative of the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers Association of America (PhRMA) Foundation. Through provision of grant funding to six academic Centers of Excellence, to spearheading and sponsoring three national conferences, the PhRMA Foundation has made significant contributions to creation of the scientific workforce that conducts and uses CER/PCOR. PMID: 29464964 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research)
Source: Journal of Comparative Effectiveness Research - February 23, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Comp Eff Res Source Type: research

Many of the causes of preterm birth and poor fetal growth are genetic and intergenerational and unlikely to be affected by short term interventions
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - February 23, 2018 Category: OBGYN Authors: P J Steer Tags: Mini ‐commentary Source Type: research

Teaching Wound Care to Family Caregivers
This article is part of a series, Supporting Family Caregivers: No Longer Home Alone, published in collaboration with the AARP Public Policy Institute. Results of focus groups, conducted as part of the AARP Public Policy Institute's No Longer Home Alone video project, supported evidence that family caregivers aren't given the information they need to manage the complex care regimens of family members. This series of articles and accompanying videos aims to help nurses provide caregivers with the tools they need to manage their family member's health care at home. The articles in this new installment of the series provide ...
Source: AJN - February 23, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Supporting Family Caregivers: No Longer Home Alone Source Type: research

Oncology Nurses' Knowledge, Confidence, and Practice in Addressing Caregiver Strain and Burden 
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Oncology Nurses' Knowledge, Confidence, and Practice in Addressing Caregiver Strain and Burden
. Oncol Nurs Forum. 2018 Mar 01;45(2):187-196 Authors: Irwin MM, Dudley W, Northouse L, Berry DL, Mallory GA Abstract OBJECTIVES: To describe nurses' practices, confidence, and knowledge of evidence-based interventions for cancer caregiver strain and burden and to identify factors that contribute to these aspects. 
. SAMPLE & SETTING: 2,055 Oncology Nursing Society members completed an emailed survey.
. METHODS & VARIABLES: Pooled analysis of survey results. Variables included...
Source: Ann Oncol - February 23, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Irwin MM, Dudley W, Northouse L, Berry DL, Mallory GA Tags: Oncol Nurs Forum Source Type: research

Prevalence of Iron Deficiency and Iron Deficiency Anemia in Strenuously Training Male Army Recruits
Conclusion: We report a high prevalence of anemia, ID, and IDA among young healthy males participating in prolonged strenuous training programs. These findings can be partly explained by the physiological changes associated with strenuous physical activity. Further investigations aiming to develop specific diagnostic guidelines for this unique population are warranted.Acta Haematol 2018;139:141 –147 (Source: Acta Haematologica)
Source: Acta Haematologica - February 23, 2018 Category: Hematology Source Type: research

Automatic MRI Quantifying Methods in Behavioral-Variant Frontotemporal Dementia Diagnosis
Conclusion: VOL, VBM, and their combination are effective in differential diagnostics between bvFTD and AD or SMC. However, MRI atrophy profiles for bvFTD and LBD are too similar for a reliable differentiation with the quantification methods tested in this study.Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord Extra 2018;8:51 –59 (Source: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra)
Source: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra - February 23, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Converging blockchain and next-generation artificial intelligence technologies to decentralize and accelerate biomedical research and healthcare.
Authors: Mamoshina P, Ojomoko L, Yanovich Y, Ostrovski A, Botezatu A, Prikhodko P, Izumchenko E, Aliper A, Romantsov K, Zhebrak A, Ogu IO, Zhavoronkov A Abstract The increased availability of data and recent advancements in artificial intelligence present the unprecedented opportunities in healthcare and major challenges for the patients, developers, providers and regulators. The novel deep learning and transfer learning techniques are turning any data about the person into medical data transforming simple facial pictures and videos into powerful sources of data for predictive analytics. Presently, the patients do ...
Source: Oncotarget - February 23, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research

Involvement of Machine Learning for Breast Cancer Image Classification: A Survey.
Authors: Nahid AA, Kong Y Abstract Breast cancer is one of the largest causes of women's death in the world today. Advance engineering of natural image classification techniques and Artificial Intelligence methods has largely been used for the breast-image classification task. The involvement of digital image classification allows the doctor and the physicians a second opinion, and it saves the doctors' and physicians' time. Despite the various publications on breast image classification, very few review papers are available which provide a detailed description of breast cancer image classification techniques, feat...
Source: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine - February 23, 2018 Category: Statistics Tags: Comput Math Methods Med Source Type: research

Multiscale High-Level Feature Fusion for Histopathological Image Classification.
Authors: Lai Z, Deng H Abstract Histopathological image classification is one of the most important steps for disease diagnosis. We proposed a method for multiclass histopathological image classification based on deep convolutional neural network referred to as coding network. It can gain better representation for the histopathological image than only using coding network. The main process is that training a deep convolutional neural network is to extract high-level feature and fuse two convolutional layers' high-level feature as multiscale high-level feature. In order to gain better performance and high efficiency...
Source: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine - February 23, 2018 Category: Statistics Tags: Comput Math Methods Med Source Type: research

Finding Time for Mindfulness: in Education, Clinical Practice, and Our Lives.
Authors: Desai S, Zerbo E, Levounis P, Schlechter A PMID: 29464505 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training)
Source: The Journal of American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training - February 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Acad Psychiatry Source Type: research

Masseter muscle surface electromyography in college students with a high degree of anxiety and temporomandibular disorder
ABSTRACT Objective: to compare the electrical activity of masseter muscles, bilaterally, according to the presence or absence of Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD) in college students with a high degree of anxiety. Methods: the study was conducted with a randomized sample of 31 Speech Therapy students aged between 17 and 32 years; 61.3% (n = 19) were females and 38.7% (n = 12) were males. They were divided into two groups, Group 1 (G1), comprising 11 students with TMD, and Group 2 (G2), composed of 20 students without TMD. The college students answered the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) for anxiety investigation, and w...
Source: Revista CEFAC - February 23, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Laser therapy applied to orofacial motricity: perception of members of the Brazilian Orofacial Motricity Association - Abramo
Conclusion: it was possible to verify that the interest in improvement and insertion in the clinical practice in laser therapy are realities for the research volunteers, but a very small number has the knowledge and makes use of the technique in their interventions.RESUMO Objetivo: conhecer o perfil dos s ócios da Associação Brasileira Motricidade Orofacial e seus conhecimentos e interesse sobre laserterapia em Motricidade Orofacial. Métodos: foi elaborado um formulário on-line abrangendo questões sobre o perfil do fonoaudiólogo, formação e atuaçã...
Source: Revista CEFAC - February 23, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Elementary school teachers’ knowledge on dyslexia
Conclusion: the research revealed the lack of knowledge of literacy teachers on dyslexia, despite having undergraduate and postgraduate education, as well as that of teachers who participated in training offered by the municipal education network.RESUMO Objetivo: descrever o conhecimento de professores do ensino fundamental sobre a dislexia em crian ças. Métodos: participaram do estudo 10 professores do 1º ao 5° ano do ensino fundamental de escolas públicas do município de Abreu e Lima, Pernambuco. Foi realizada uma entrevista semiestruturada com cada professor, individualmente, na pr&o...
Source: Revista CEFAC - February 23, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

Measuring Socioeconomic Status and Environmental Factors in the SAYCARE Study in South America: Reliability of the Methods.
CONCLUSIONS: Our multiple indicator questionnaires focused on environmental factors and SES in pediatric health surveys provided useful and easily applicable additional indicators to measure these important determinants of cardiovascular health. PMID: 29464918 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - February 23, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: De Moraes ACF, Forkert ECO, Vilanova-Campelo RC, González-Zapata LI, Azzaretti L, Iguacel I, Huicho L, Moliterno P, Moreno LA, Carvalho HB Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Design and Objectives of the South American Youth/Child Cardiovascular and Environmental (SAYCARE) Study.
CONCLUSIONS: Data were obtained from 237 preschoolers and schoolchildren and 258 adolescents during the validation phase measurements. The results of the SAYCARE study are expected to provide higher accuracy in the assessment of cardiovascular disease risk factors, including eating behaviors, body composition, physical activity, sedentary behaviors, lipid profiles and cardiovascular health biomarkers, oral health, social conditions, environmental factors and home environment, and their determinants in children and adolescents from ages 3 to 17 in seven South American cities. PMID: 29464921 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Obesity)
Source: Obesity - February 23, 2018 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Carvalho HB, Moreno LA, Silva AM, Berg G, Estrada-Restrepo A, González-Zapata LI, De Miguel-Etayo P, Delgado CA, Bove MI, de Sousa MDLR, Torres-Leal FL, Forjaz CLM, De Moraes ACF, SAYCARE Study Group Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Physical aggression among adolescents from Santa Catarina: association with sociodemographic factors and physical activity
Abstract The aims of the present study were to evaluate possible gender differences in the prevalence of physical aggression among adolescents, and to examine the association between sociodemographic factors and physical activity participation with physical aggression in boys and girls. The sample was composed of 6,529 high school students (aged 15-19 years) from public schools of the state of Santa Catarina. A questionnaire was applied to collect data regarding sociodemographic factors, involvement in physical aggressions and types of physical activity. Crude and adjusted binary logistic regression models were performed. ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - February 23, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Physiological transition threshold in mountain runners: a systematic review
Abstract The identification of physiological transition thresholds (TT) is commonly used for prescribing and evaluating the performance of endurance athletes; however, the methods need further investigation in mountain runner athletes. The aim of the present review was to analyze the different methods used to determine TT in mountain runners. After analyzing 1,176 articles found in different databases, 4 articles that presented a relationship with the theme were selected. Varied proposals were observed, in which the surveys searched for physical and/or cardiorespiratory performance, as well as the effect of acclimatization...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - February 23, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Physical fitness related to sportive performance in artistic gymnastics
This study is a systematic review and used the following databases: Scielo, PubMed and SportDiscus, with no starting date and using as final cutoff the month of February 2017. The search strategy was based on the identification of the Population of adolescents practicing artistic gymnastics and outcome related to physical fitness characteristics related to sports performance, and allowed verifying how studies were evaluated. There was a predominance of studies related to anthropometric variables, such as BMI and body fat percentage (%F) of gymnasts. Based on this type of study, the information available in this study will ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - February 23, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of long-term resistance training on blood pressure: a systematic review
Abstract Studies assessed the beneficial effects of aerobic exercise on blood pressure (BP); however, few studies have evaluated the effects of long-term resistance training on variations of this response. The aim of the study was to verify through a systematic review, the long-term effect of resistance training on BP. Searches were made on Medline through Pubmed, Science Direct, Scopus, Web of Science and Lilacs databases. Overall, 751 articles were found, of which 22 were further analyzed. The analysis followed the PRISMA checklist (Statement for Reporting Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses of Studies) and was divided ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - February 23, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effect of combined training on ratings of perceived exertion and sensation of pleasure/displeasure in obese women
Abstract Self-selected intensities during walking and resistances training by obese subjects are below recommended guidelines to improve health-related outcomes. From this perspective, there is the possibility of combining both aerobic and resistance training in a single exercise session with the purpose of increasing training volume and optimizing physiological adaptations, while preserving positive affective responses. Until now, no study has assessed ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) and sensations of pleasure/displeasure (SPD) during a combined training session in obese women. The present study aimed to: (1) assess R...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - February 23, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The peak velocity of Carminatti’s Test for aerobic-fitness training in male soccer players
Abstract Aerobic energy transference is highly required and accounts for more than 90% of total energy consumption during a soccer match. In addition high aerobic fitness contributes to recovery from high-intensity intermittent exercise, specific to performance in soccer. The aim of the present study was to examine whether the peak velocity in the Carminatti ’ s test (PVT-CAR) for prescribing interval-training drills is effective in eliciting aerobic-fitness development intensities in male soccer-players. Fifteen Brazilian male elite soccer-players (U20) were tested for T-CAR and monitored for heart rate (HR) during ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - February 23, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Behavioral strategies, including exercise, for addressing insomnia
Apply It! By reading this article the health and fitness professional will: ‐ Learn that cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia is superior to sleeping pills for treating insomnia, and its accessibility is rapidly improving.‐ Be reminded that exercise can promote sleep in insomnia.‐ Find a list of recommendations on good sleep practices that can be shared with clients to help with insomnia symptoms. (Source: ACSMs Health and Fitness Journal)
Source: ACSMs Health and Fitness Journal - February 23, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Features Source Type: research

Time to step it up! training for a half marathon personal record
Apply It! By reading this article, the following key points will be reinforced: When helping train a runner for a half marathon personal record, increasing weekly mileage gradually is the foundation.High-intensity runs should be incorporated after establishing a foundation but should only be 7% to 10% of total weekly mileage.Moderately high-intensity runs (at/near race pace) should be incorporated after establishing a foundation but should only be 10% to 15% of total weekly mileage.Tapering, adequate nutrition and hydration, and inclusion of adequate recovery/rest are critical for a potential personal record performance...
Source: ACSMs Health and Fitness Journal - February 23, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Features Source Type: research

Your Resource for Online Continuing Education!
No abstract available (Source: ACSMs Health and Fitness Journal)
Source: ACSMs Health and Fitness Journal - February 23, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Columns: Continuing Education Self-Test Instructions: PDF Only Source Type: research

A Systematic Review of Exercise Training in Patients With Cardiac Implantable Devices
Conclusion: Exercise interventions tested to date in the CID population (ICD, CRT, and VAD) indicate that exercise training at moderate to high intensity is safe and effective in improving cardiopulmonary outcomes without adverse events. Future investigations should include a more diverse sample of participants, designs that include translation of exercise to routine practice, the destination therapy VAD population, and measurement of costs and patient-centered outcomes. (Source: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation - February 23, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Invited Review Source Type: research

The Community Balance and Mobility Scale: A VALID ASSESSMENT TOOL OF BALANCE IN CARDIAC REHABILITATION PATIENTS
Conclusion: Overall, these results suggest that the CBMS is a valid tool to measure balance in CR patients and can be reliably administered by health care professionals with minimal training. (Source: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation - February 23, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research

Variability in Quality of Life Outcomes Following a Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program in Patients With COPD
Purpose: Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) improves exercise tolerance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. However, it is unclear why some patients do not improve quality of life during a training program. Our objective was to evaluate the differences between patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who improve and those who do not improve quality of life during a pulmonary rehabilitation program. Methods: Seventy-three patients underwent a PR program. All patients trained at 80% (legs) and 50% (arms) of their maximum load. Incremental and endurance tests, 6-min walk test, and health-related...
Source: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation - February 23, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Pulmonary Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Efficacy of a Structured Exercise Program for Improving Functional Capacity and Quality of Life in Patients With Stage 3 and 4 Sarcoidosis: A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
This study investigated the effects of an exercise program on functional capacity and quality of life in patients with stage 3 and stage 4 sarcoidosis. Methods: Eighteen patients with stage 3 and 4 sarcoidosis were recruited; 9 received 12 wk of supervised exercise training and 9 received usual care. Patients underwent the following evaluations at baseline and follow-up: 6-min walk test, maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressure tests, back and leg dynamometer test, modified Medical Research Council Dyspnea Scale, Fatigue Severity Scale, St George Respiratory Questionnaire, Short Form-36 Quality of Life Questionnaire,...
Source: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation - February 23, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Pulmonary Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Pulmonary Rehabilitation in Patients With Advanced Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Referred for Lung Transplantation
Conclusions: Two-thirds of our sample with advanced IPF referred to lung transplant successfully attended PR and improved exercise capacity and HRQL, without association with markers of disease severity. No difference was found at baseline compared with subjects who were not able to complete the program. (Source: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation - February 23, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research

Implementing a Statewide Safe to Sleep Hospital Initiative: Lessons Learned
AbstractSleep-related infant deaths continue to be a major, largely preventable cause of infant mortality, especially in Georgia. The Georgia Department of Public Health (DPH), as part of a multi-pronged safe infant sleep campaign, implemented a hospital initiative to (1) provide accurate safe infant sleep information to hospital personnel; (2) support hospitals in implementing and modeling safe sleep practices; and (3) provide guidance on addressing caregiver safe sleep concerns. A process evaluation was conducted to determine progress toward four goals set out by DPH: (1) all birthing hospitals have a safe infant sleep p...
Source: Journal of Community Health - February 23, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

The learning environment and resident burnout: a  national study
AbstractIntroductionConcerns exist about the negative impact of burnout on the professional and personal lives of residents. It is suggested that the origins of burnout among residents are rooted in the learning environment. We aimed to evaluate the association between the learning environment and burnout in a  national sample of Dutch residents.MethodsWe conducted a  cross-sectional online survey among all Dutch residents in September 2015. We measured the learning environment using the three domain scores on content, organization, and atmosphere from the Scan of Postgraduate Educational Environment Domains (SPE...
Source: Perspectives on Medical Education - February 23, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: research

Widening disparities in health between educational levels and their determinants in later life: evidence from a nine-year cohort study
In this study, the hypothesis that widened educational disparities in health can be observed in later life was investigated,... (Source: BMC Public Health)
Source: BMC Public Health - February 23, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Takashi Oshio Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Can nailfold videocapillaroscopy images be interpreted reliably by different observers? Results of an inter-reader and intra-reader exercise among rheumatologists with different experience in this field
AbstractNailfold videocapillaroscopy (VCP) allows non-invasive assessment of the microcirculation. Adequate training in this field is relevant for rheumatologists. There is increasing evidence of the reliability of VCP findings among different readers. Objective: To evaluate inter- and intra-reader agreement of rheumatologists to identify normal images and systemic sclerosis (SSc) patterns on VCP ( “early,” “active,” and “late” proposed by Cutolo et al.). Thirteen rheumatologists with different experience in nailfold VCP received training to standardize reading criteria. They rated 60 VC...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - February 23, 2018 Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research

A Matter of (Inner) Balance: The Association Between Facets of Mindfulness, Attention Deficit, and Postural Stability
AbstractMindfulness and motor performance are theoretically related through attention and awareness, yet little research has been conducted to date. The present study was aimed at exploring the role of facets of mindfulness in static and dynamic balance tasks. Specifically, 103 college students and staff completed the five facets of mindfulness questionnaire (which assesses awareness, non-reacting, non-judging, observing, and describe) and participated in eight motor tasks (e.g. standing on 1  ft, tandem walk, etc.). Motor performance was assessed by measuring participants’ mediolateral trunk sway. Hierarchical ...
Source: Mindfulness - February 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Variable control and conceptual change: A large-scale quantitative study in elementary school
We describe how learning pathways vary depending on students' understanding of the control-of-variables strategy and prior content knowledge, and discuss implications for learning and instruction. (Source: Learning and Individual Differences)
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - February 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Academic self-efficacy, growth mindsets, and university students' integration in academic and social support networks
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 62 Author(s): Lysann Zander, Jasperina Brouwer, Ellen Jansen, Claudia Crayen, Bettina Hannover Combining complete social networks and structural equation modeling, we investigate how two learning-related cognitions, academic self-efficacy and growth mindsets, relate to integration in support networks of 580 university students in 30 seminar groups. We assessed integration as popularity in academic support networks (being an academic helper and collaborator) and in social support networks (being a friend and resource for sharing personal dif...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - February 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

More enjoyment, less anxiety and boredom: How achievement emotions relate to academic self-concept and teachers' diagnostic skills
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 62 Author(s): Andrea Westphal, Julia Kretschmann, Anna Gronostaj, Miriam Vock Students' achievement emotions are critical in their academic development. Therefore, teachers need to create an emotionally positive learning environment. In the light of this, the present study investigated the connection between students' enjoyment, anxiety, boredom and, in the first case, students' academic self-concept and, in the second, teachers' diagnostic skills. The third part of our study examined whether this link would be moderated by students' academ...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - February 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Teachers' aptitude beliefs as a predictor of helplessness in low-achieving students: Commonalities and differences between academic domains
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 62 Author(s): Anke Heyder, Martin Brunner (Source: Learning and Individual Differences)
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - February 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Individual differences in lexical and grammar spelling across primary school
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 62 Author(s): Marie-France Morin, Denis Alamargot, Thierno M.O. Diallo, Michel Fayol To successfully spell in an inconsistent orthography like French, students must learn to negotiate not only lexical spelling but grammatical spelling, too, with morphological markers that are often silent. We sought to examine different acquisition profiles, based on children's lexical and grammatical spelling development in Grades Three and Five. We used latent profile analysis to examine the relationship between lexical and grammatical spelling developmen...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - February 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The roles of anxious and prosocial behavior in early academic performance: A population-based study examining unique and moderated effects
We examined two social and emotional behaviors (anxious and prosocial behavior) and their links with academic achievement among kindergarten students. We conducted a population-level examination among kindergarten students in New South Wales in 2009 and 2012 (N = 206,210) of the extent to which the two behaviors are associated with kindergarten achievement (unique and moderated effects). With a subsample (n = 52,661), we examined additional links to grade 3 achievement. Findings showed that anxious behavior was not, whereas prosocial behavior was, meaningfully associated with kindergarten achievement. There was no ...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - February 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Rapid automatic naming predicts more than sublexical fluency: Evidence from English-French bilinguals
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 62 Author(s): Robert Savage, Miriam McBreen, Fred Genesee, Caroline Erdos, Corinne Haigh, Aishwarya Nair Rapid Automatized Naming is an important predictor of reading fluency. Whether Rapid Automatized Naming measures abstract sublexical correspondence fluency (Theory A) or word-specific fluency (Theory B) is unresolved. English, and to a lesser extent, French orthographies are opaque for reading. Thus, if Rapid Automatized Naming predicts word reading fluency after controlling for within-language pseudoword decoding fluency, in typical Eng...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - February 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Internal structure of academic self-concept through the Self-Description Questionnaire II-Short (SDQII-S)
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 62 Author(s): Igor Esnaola, Paula Elosua, John Freeman Modelling academic self-concept through second-order factors or bifactor structures is an important issue with substantive and practical implications. To contribute to the discussion, this research analyzes the structure of academic self-concept through the Self-Description Questionnaire-II short-form (SDQII-S) and assesses its invariance across gender and age in a sample of secondary students (N = 517). Results show a better fit for the incomplete bifactor model and the estimation ...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - February 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Associations between friends, academic emotions and achievement: Individual differences in enjoyment and boredom
This study focuses on associations regarding domain-specific academic emotions (enjoyment and boredom) between classmates who are best friends (reciprocated as well as unilateral best friends), and their effects on students' subsequent achievement. Based on 419 dyads (135 reciprocated best friendship dyads and 284 unilateral best friendship dyads), Actor-Partner-Independence models showed a positive effect of best friends' enjoyment on students' enjoyment. Best friends' enjoyment and boredom indirectly influenced achievement through students' enjoyment and boredom (indirect effect), with the exception of unilateral friends...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - February 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Is the spatial/math connection unique? Associations between mental rotation and elementary mathematics and English achievement
Publication date: February 2018 Source:Learning and Individual Differences, Volume 62 Author(s): Teomara Rutherford, Sarah M. Karamarkovich, David S. Lee It is commonly thought that strong spatial ability enhances mathematics performance and that associations between spatial ability and mathematics may be in part responsible for the gender gap in math performance. We investigated whether this spatial/math link is unique by examining the associations between mental rotation and both math and English/Language Arts (ELA) achievement using three similar samples of upper elementary students and three different measures of ment...
Source: Learning and Individual Differences - February 23, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The junior doctor view of undergraduate ophthalmology education
The junior doctor view of undergraduate ophthalmology education, Published online: 23 February 2018; doi:10.1038/s41433-018-0052-0The junior doctor view of undergraduate ophthalmology education (Source: Eye)
Source: Eye - February 23, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Shahzaib Rehan Source Type: research

Estimating gestational age at birth from fundal height and additional anthropometrics: a prospective cohort study
ConclusionsIn low‐risk, non‐obese women, longitudinal FH measures alone can provide a reasonably accurate assessment of GA when ultrasound measures are not available.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology)
Source: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology - February 23, 2018 Category: OBGYN Authors: Sarah J. Pugh, Ana M. Ortega ‐Villa, William Grobman, Roger B. Newman, John Owen, Deborah A. Wing, Paul S. Albert, Katherine L. Grantz Tags: Main Research Article Source Type: research