Is there an association between early weight status and utility-based health-related quality of life in young children?
ConclusionsAlternative approaches for capturing the effects of weight status in the preschool years on preference-based HRQoL outcomes should be tested. The application of the QALY framework to economic evaluations of obesity-related interventions in young children should also consider longitudinal effects over the life-course.Clinical Trial Registration The Healthy Beginnings Trial was registered with the Australian Clinical Trial Registry (ACTRNO12607000168459). (Source: Quality of Life Research)
Source: Quality of Life Research - October 20, 2018 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Farewell Editorial
Eight years later as we prepare to welcome the new co-Editors-in-Chief, we have decided to share some reflections on our term and some thoughts about the future of the Journal of Renal Nutrition (JRN). To begin, we are deeply grateful for the support of our Associate Editors (Deborah Brommage, MS, RD, CSR, CDN; Laura  Byham-Gray, PhD, RD; and Juan Jesus Carrero, PhD), Feature Editors (Patient Education: Catherine Goeddeke-Merickel, MS, RD, LD, and Stacey Phillips, MS, RD; Product Update: Jennifer Kernc, RD, CSR, LD, and Sharon Stall, MPH, RD, CSR, CDN), editorial board members, and the hundreds of reviewers and author...
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - October 20, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jerrilynn D. Burrowes, Christoph Wanner Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Mid-Term Patient Satisfaction and Residual Symptoms After Plate Fixation or Nonoperative Treatment for Displaced Midshaft Clavicular Fractures
Objectives: To evaluate mid-term patient-reported satisfaction and residual symptoms after plate fixation (PF) or nonoperative treatment (NOT) for displaced midshaft clavicular fractures. Design: Follow-up survey of randomized controlled trial. Setting: Sixteen teaching and nonteaching hospitals. Participants: All 160 patients with a fully displaced, midshaft clavicular fracture who had been randomized were approached by telephone. Intervention: Randomization for open reduction and internal PF or a sling for 2 weeks (NOT). Main Outcome Measurements: Outcomes were satisfaction with the received treatment, w...
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma - October 20, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Gender-Affirming Hormone Therapy for Transgender Females
The provision of hormone therapy, both estrogens and antiandrogens, to adult transgender females is well within the scope of practice of the obstetrician gynecologist. The goal is to induce feminizing changes and suppress previously developed masculinization. Estrogens in sufficient doses will usually achieve both goals with augmentation by antiandrogens. The primary short-term risk of estrogens is thrombosis, but long-term risk in transgender females is unclear. Optimal care requires pretreatment education and assessment, individualized dosing, ongoing routine monitoring, and standard breast and prostate cancer screening....
Source: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 20, 2018 Category: OBGYN Tags: Caring for Lesbians, Bisexual Women, Transgender, and Gender Nonconforming People Source Type: research

Interventions to Improve Maternal-Infant Relationships in Mothers With Postpartum Mood Disorders
Introduction: During the postpartum period, women may have changes in their mental health and experience postpartum mood disorders. Postpartum depression (PPD) is an especially prevalent postpartum mood disorder, affecting 10% to 15% of new mothers. Although PPD has detrimental effects on women's health, it can also affect maternal–infant attachment, bonding, and interaction, which influence the maternal–infant relationship and can lead to poor outcomes for infants later in life. The purpose of this review is to identify effective strategies for improving the maternal–infant relationship for mothers wit...
Source: MCN: The American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing - October 20, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Feature Source Type: research

Perceptions of an Obstetric Clinical Rotation by Nursing Students Who Are Men
Conclusions: This study adds to the scant amount of information available about experiences of nursing students who are men during their clinical maternity nursing rotation and may help to explain why some men may feel unwelcome in women's health nursing. (Source: MCN: The American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing)
Source: MCN: The American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing - October 20, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Feature Source Type: research

Screening for Postpartum Depression by Hospital-Based Perinatal Nurses
Purpose: The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate acceptability by new mothers of postpartum depression (PPD) screening and education about community resources by hospital-based perinatal nurses. A secondary purpose was to determine further screening for PPD that women received by community providers in the first few weeks after birth. Methods: The study design was descriptive. As per standard practice on the unit, all new mothers were screened for depression the night before hospital discharge using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). New mothers identified as high risk for depression by EPDS sc...
Source: MCN: The American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing - October 20, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Feature Source Type: research

Airway Clearance of the Term Newborn
Purpose: This descriptive, observational study explored the practice of airway clearance of the term newborn at birth. The American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Heart Association, and the European Resuscitation Council have established guidelines for suctioning the well newborn. Study Design and Methods: Airway clearance practices of nurses, obstetricians, and respiratory therapists at 10 cesarean births and 10 vaginal births were observed. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and through content analysis of narratives. Results: All newborns observed experienced at least one airway clearance event...
Source: MCN: The American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing - October 20, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Feature: CE Connection Source Type: research

Remediation of depression-related cognitive impairment: Cognitive Control Training as treatment augmentation.
Authors: Van den Bergh N, Hoorelbeke K, De Raedt R, Koster EHW Abstract INTRODUCTION: Despite several available evidence-based interventions for major depression relapse rates remain high and relapse prevention programs are still scarce. In order to increase effectiveness, novel techniques that target underlying vulnerability factors may be a promising avenue. Depression is associated with impairments in executive functioning, which is in turn associated with poor psychosocial outcomes and more Repetitive Negative Thinking (RNT), a key vulnerability factor for relapse. This paper examines deficits in cognitive control...
Source: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics - October 20, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Expert Rev Neurother Source Type: research

A Framework to Assist Providers in the Management of Patients with Chronic, Nonhealing Wounds
GENERAL PURPOSE: To describe the development of an evidence-based wound electronic medical record (WEMR) framework for providers to execute timely, protocol-based, best-practice care for patients with chronic, nonhealing wounds. TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After completing this continuing education activity, you should be better able to: Summarize the development of a WEMR framework to enhance best-practice care of chronic wounds for both p...
Source: Advances in Skin and Wound Care - October 20, 2018 Category: Dermatology Tags: FEATURES: CLINICAL MANAGEMENT EXTRA Source Type: research

Prediction of the adsorption coefficients of some aromatic compounds on multi-wall carbon nanotubes by the Monte Carlo method.
Abstract In this investigation, quantitative structure-property relationship (QSPR) modelling of adsorption coefficients of 69 aromatic compounds on multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) was studied using the Monte Carlo method. QSPR models were calculated with CORAL software, and optimal descriptors were calculated with the simplified molecular input line entry system (SMILES) and hydrogen-suppressed molecular graphs (HSGs). The aromatic compound data set was randomly split into training, invisible training, calibration and validation sets. Analysis of three probes of the Monte Carlo optimization with three random...
Source: SAR and QSAR in Environmental Research - October 20, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Ahmadi S, Akbari A Tags: SAR QSAR Environ Res Source Type: research

Finding the structural requirements of diverse HIV-1 protease inhibitors using multiple QSAR modelling for lead identification.
Abstract Multiple Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship (QSAR) analysis is widely used in drug discovery for lead identification. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) protease is one of the key targets for the treatment of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). One of the major challenges for the design of HIV-1 protease inhibitors (HIV PRIs) is to increase the inhibitory activities against the enzyme to a level where the problem associated to drug resistance may be considerably delayed. Herein, chemometric analyses were performed with 346 structurally diverse HIV PRIs with experimental bioactivities agai...
Source: SAR and QSAR in Environmental Research - October 20, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Halder AK Tags: SAR QSAR Environ Res Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 2307: Perspectives on Inclusive Education of Preschool Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders and Other Developmental Disabilities in Iran
Conclusions: Further exploration of the views of those who have experienced inclusion would further challenge existing practices. Moreover, the training and preparation of teachers is key to reforming schools. However, wider social values and beliefs towards disabilities also need to change. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - October 20, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sayyed Ali Samadi Roy McConkey Tags: Article Source Type: research

Does Aerobic Training Promote the Same Skeletal Muscle Hypertrophy as Resistance Training? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
AbstractBackgroundCurrently, there are inconsistencies in the body of evidence for the effects of resistance and aerobic training on skeletal muscle hypertrophy.ObjectiveWe aimed to systematically review and meta-analyze current evidence on the differences in hypertrophic adaptation to aerobic and resistance training, and to discuss potential reasons for the disparities noted in the literature.MethodsThe PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines were followed for this review. The Downs and Black checklist was used for the assessment of methodological quality of the included stud...
Source: Sports Medicine - October 20, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of Jumping Exercise on Muscular Power in Older Adults: A Meta-Analysis
AbstractBackgroundJump training (JT) can be used to enhance the ability of skeletal muscle to exert maximal force in as short a time as possible. Despite its usefulness as a method of performance enhancement in athletes, only a small number of studies have investigated its effects on muscle power in older adults.ObjectivesThe aims of this meta-analysis were to measure the effect of JT on muscular power in older adults ( ≥ 50 years), and to establish appropriate programming guidelines for this population.Data SourcesThe data sources utilised were Google Scholar, PubMed, and Microsoft Academic.Study Eligibilit...
Source: Sports Medicine - October 20, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The Unilever Study: Positive Effects on Stress and Risk for Dropout from Work after the Finding Peace in a Frantic World Training
This study evaluated an 8-week, 1.5  h-per-week group-based standardized mindfulness program (“Finding peace in a frantic world”), applied on-site in a large multinational company. In a naturalistic longitudinal design self-selected employees (n = 150) completed measurements at wait-list, pre-test, post-test, and 2 and 6 months follow-up. Nearly all participants followed at least five out of eight sessions, were highly satisfied with the training (8.3 out 10), and almost 90% intended to continue with mindfulness practices. Primary out comes were stress and risk for dropout from work. Usi...
Source: Mindfulness - October 20, 2018 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Black swans - neuroendocrine tumors of rare locations
AbstractNeuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN) are rare and heterogeneous. Therefore, they often remain unrecognized for many years, causing significant disease burden. We here report on four unusual NEN presentations including a metastatic NEN of the kidney, hypoglycemia caused by an insulin-like growth factor-2-oma (previously called non-islet-cell tumor hypoglycemia), multifocal pheochromocytoma in von Hippel Lindau syndrome, and ileal NEN metastatic to the heart. One could say that each one of these tumors were “black swans” and learning about them will increase further awareness of the spectrum of NEN. (Source: Re...
Source: Reviews in Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders - October 20, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Left Ventricular Hypertrophy in Hypertensive Athletes can be Reduced by Antihypertensive Medication Despite Continuing Intense Aerobic Exercise
AbstractIntroductionLeft ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) can be successfully reduced by antihypertensive medication. Both hypertension and aerobic exercise can cause increases in left ventricular mass (LV-mass).AimTherefore, hypertensive athletes with LVH were studied to investigate the effect of antihypertensive medication on LV-mass reduction despite continuing their regular intensive exercise programs.Methods14 previously untreated hypertensive male athletes (A) with LVH and a prolonged history of endurance training where included in the study. 50 previously untreated inactive comparable hypertensives with LVH served as c...
Source: High Blood Pressure and Cardiovascular Prevention - October 20, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Strength training reverses ovariectomy-induced bone loss and improve metabolic parameters in female Wistar rats
Publication date: Available online 18 October 2018Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Rodrigo Mello Gomes, Marcos Divino Ferreira Junior, Flávio Andrade Francisco, Veridiana Mota Moreira, Douglas Lopes de Almeida, Lucas Paulo Jacinto Saavedra, Júlio Cezar de Oliveira, Claudinéia Conationi da Silva Franco, Gustavo Rodrigues Pedrino, Paulo Cezar de Freitas Mathias, Maria Raquel Marçal Natali, Melquisedeque Juliani Dias, Isaías Júlio de Morais, Solange Marta Franzói de MoraesAbstractMenopause induces osteoporosis, sarcopenia, insulin resistance, and dyslipidemia. Ovariectomized (OV...
Source: Life Sciences - October 19, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Opening the black box of machine learning
Publication date: Available online 18 October 2018Source: The Lancet Respiratory MedicineAuthor(s): The Lancet Respiratory Medicine (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - October 19, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Using Motor Imagery Training to Increase Quadriceps Strength: A Pilot Study
Conclusion: Brief periods of motor imagery training may have the potential to improve quadriceps strength; however, more research is needed with larger populations to test this hypothesis.Eur Neurol 2018;80:87 –92 (Source: European Neurology)
Source: European Neurology - October 19, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

An Evaluative Study of a Mobile Application for Middle School Students Struggling with English Vocabulary Learning
This study evaluated the effectiveness of a mobile application (app) designed within the framework of cognitive apprenticeship, in order to facilitate students struggling with learning English as a foreign language (EFL). The participants were ten seventh-graders, who were performing significantly below grade level in their EFL classroom. The research questions targeted changes in learning outcomes with the aid of the app, attitudes the participants had towards the learning experience, and student perceptions regarding the design of the app. Data were collected by interviews, observation, surveys, and exams. The results in...
Source: Computers in Human Behavior - October 19, 2018 Category: Information Technology Source Type: research

[The Medical Carreer and the Key Factors Driving the Exodus of Doctors from the National Health Service in Portugal].
CONCLUSION: The study shows that the current functioning of the National Health Service does not diminish the interest in the practice of medicine, but rather motivates the search for more attractive and rewarding working conditions. PMID: 30332372 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Acta Medica Portuguesa)
Source: Acta Medica Portuguesa - October 19, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Med Port Source Type: research

Biosimilar Agents for Psoriasis Treatment: The Perspective of Portuguese Patients.
CONCLUSION: Biosimilars may increase patient access to biologic therapies. Improved communication and the involvement of patients in decision-making regarding biosimilars may increase their acceptance in future. PMID: 30332374 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Acta Medica Portuguesa)
Source: Acta Medica Portuguesa - October 19, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Med Port Source Type: research

[Late Neuroborreliosis in an Erasmus Programme Student].
We describe a case of late neuroborreliosis in an Erasmus programme student living in Porto. We discuss the importance of the epidemiological suspicion, the clinical approach, the diagnostic criteria and the most adequate treatment. PMID: 30332376 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Acta Medica Portuguesa)
Source: Acta Medica Portuguesa - October 19, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Med Port Source Type: research

Anxiety, Depression and Academic Performance: A Study Amongst Portuguese Medical Students Versus Non-Medical Students.
Authors: Moreira de Sousa J, Moreira CA, Telles-Correia D Abstract INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study is to assess the prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms in Portuguese medical students compared to students of other faculties, and the possible impact those symptoms have on academic performance. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a sample of 750 students: 512 medical students and 238 nonmedical students. All students anonymously completed a socio-demographic survey and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Statistical analysis was performed using t...
Source: Acta Medica Portuguesa - October 19, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Med Port Source Type: research

Parsing Hippocampal Theta Oscillations by Nested Spectral Components during Spatial Exploration and Memory-Guided Behavior
Publication date: Available online 18 October 2018Source: NeuronAuthor(s): Vítor Lopes-dos-Santos, Gido M. van de Ven, Alexander Morley, Stéphanie Trouche, Natalia Campo-Urriza, David DupretSummaryTheta oscillations reflect rhythmic inputs that continuously converge to the hippocampus during exploratory and memory-guided behavior. The theta-nested operations that organize hippocampal spiking could either occur regularly from one cycle to the next or be tuned on a cycle-by-cycle basis. To resolve this, we identified spectral components nested in individual theta cycles recorded from the mouse CA1 hip...
Source: Neuron - October 19, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

A Neural Population Mechanism for Rapid Learning
Publication date: Available online 18 October 2018Source: NeuronAuthor(s): Matthew G. Perich, Juan A. Gallego, Lee E. MillerSummaryLong-term learning of language, mathematics, and motor skills likely requires cortical plasticity, but behavior often requires much faster changes, sometimes even after single errors. Here, we propose one neural mechanism to rapidly develop new motor output without altering the functional connectivity within or between cortical areas. We tested cortico-cortical models relating the activity of hundreds of neurons in the premotor (PMd) and primary motor (M1) cortices throughout adaptation to reac...
Source: Neuron - October 19, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Parabrachial CGRP Neurons Establish and Sustain Aversive Taste Memories
Publication date: Available online 18 October 2018Source: NeuronAuthor(s): Jane Y. Chen, Carlos A. Campos, Brooke C. Jarvie, Richard D. PalmiterSummaryFood aversions develop when the taste of a novel food is associated with sickness, which often occurs after food poisoning or chemotherapy treatment. We identified calcitonin-gene-related peptide (CGRP) neurons in the parabrachial nucleus (PBN) as sufficient and necessary for establishing a conditioned taste aversion (CTA). Photoactivating projections from CGRPPBN neurons to either the central nucleus of the amygdala or the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis can also induce...
Source: Neuron - October 19, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Astrocyte-Secreted Chordin-like 1 Drives Synapse Maturation and Limits Plasticity by Increasing Synaptic GluA2 AMPA Receptors
Publication date: Available online 18 October 2018Source: NeuronAuthor(s): Elena Blanco-Suarez, Tong-Fei Liu, Alex Kopelevich, Nicola J. AllenSummaryIn the developing brain, immature synapses contain calcium-permeable AMPA glutamate receptors (AMPARs) that are subsequently replaced with GluA2-containing calcium-impermeable AMPARs as synapses stabilize and mature. Here, we show that this essential switch in AMPARs and neuronal synapse maturation is regulated by astrocytes. Using biochemical fractionation of astrocyte-secreted proteins and mass spectrometry, we identified that astrocyte-secreted chordin-like 1 (Chrdl1) is ne...
Source: Neuron - October 19, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Home-literacy environment of low-income rural families: Association with child- and caregiver-level characteristics
Publication date: January–February 2019Source: Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, Volume 60Author(s): Maureen J. Myrtil, Laura M. Justice, Hui JiangAbstractThe aim of this study was to examine the nature and interrelatedness of four active dimensions of the home-literacy environment of low-income rural families (parent-child interactions, child interest, library use, and access to books) and to determine the extent to which characteristics of the caregiver and child predict these dimensions. Caregivers of 466 preschool-aged rural children completed a questionnaire regarding the home-literacy environment and...
Source: Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology - October 19, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Leveraging the Public School System to Combat Adolescent Obesity: The Limits of Arkansas's Statewide Policy Initiative
This study assessed the effectiveness of one of the earliest statewide policy initiatives to address obesity via schools —Arkansas's Act 1220 of 2003—on adolescent obesity. The Act required public schools in Arkansas to conduct body mass index (BMI) screening and reporting, restrict access to vending machines, and establish physical education and nutrition standards. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 19, 2018 Category: Child Development Authors: Kevin A. Gee Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Locations! Location! Location? Elucidating the Social Determinants of Cardiometabolic Health Among United States Adolescents
It is becoming increasingly clear that the risk for cardiovascular disease begins in childhood [1,2]. Unfortunately, exposure to social determinants that contribute to health disparities in cardiovascular outcomes also begins in childhood [3,4]. These disparities have been attributed to multiple determinants, including cultural and language barriers, differences in income and education levels, lack of access to adequate healthcare coverage and providers, and the social and built environment. To reduce many of these barriers, broad changes in public policy will be needed (e.g., improvements in educational opportunities, red...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 19, 2018 Category: Child Development Authors: Jacob Hartz, Tiffany M. Powell-Wiley Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Expanded Health Care Coverage for Young Adults on Parental Plans Leads to Confidentiality Concerns and Forgone Care
Among the provisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) that expanded health insurance coverage; extending the age in which a dependent child could be covered under their parent's private health insurance plan up to age 26, regardless of student status, dramatically increased the proportion of insured young adults [1]. Expanding health insurance coverage for this population plays a critical role in increasing their access to health care services; yet, adolescents and young adults (AYAs) face additional barriers to care that need to be examined and address in order to ensure that they are fully able to ...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 19, 2018 Category: Child Development Authors: Kathleen Tebb Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

The Juul Curriculum Is Not the Jewel of Tobacco Prevention Education
In 2015, Juul Labs, Inc. created a new electronic vaping device called Juul. Juul uses disposable pods that contain propylene glycol, glycerin, flavorings, benzoic acid, and salt-based nicotine, among other constituents [1]. Each pod contains 59-mg of nicotine; and come in a number of flavors, including Mango, Fruit Medley, and Cr ème Brulee [1]. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Health)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 19, 2018 Category: Child Development Authors: Jessica Liu, Bonnie Halpern-Felsher Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Advocating for Adolescent and Young Adult Male Sexual and Reproductive Health: A Position Statement From the Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine
There is a critical need to improve the sexual and reproductive health (SRH) education and care of adolescent and young adult (AYA) males around the globe, as SRH is a basic human right for all AYAs. This special attention toward the SRH of AYA males is warranted given the fact that they often have difficulty accessing SRH services and education relative to their female counterparts and have higher rates of sexual risk behaviors than females. To promote AYA males ’ SRH and the health of their sexual partners and children, the Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine (SAHM) recommends that leaders in research, polic...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 19, 2018 Category: Child Development Authors: Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine, Diane Santa Maria, Jason Rafferty, May Lau, Vincent Guilamo-Ramos, Kathleen Tebb, Nicholas Chadi, Anne-Emmanuelle Ambresin, Ellie Vyver, Arik V. Marcell Tags: Position statement Source Type: research

Adolescent Drivers, Experiential Learning, and the Driver Licensing Process: New Findings, Emerging Questions, and Continuing Policy Needs
Nearly a quarter century has passed since researchers began to fully recognize how much the “young driver crash problem,” is a matter of driving inexperience rather than one of youthfulness. When we began to examine crash rates by single year of driver age [1], and adjusted for exposure (miles traveled), it was quickly apparent that viewing this issue as an adolescent phenomenon was er roneous. Sixteen-year-old drivers crashed at a rate nearly double that of 17-year-olds! Neither adolescent development broadly, nor brain maturation in particular, are sufficiently concentrated in the 17th year of life to adequat...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - October 19, 2018 Category: Child Development Authors: Robert D. Foss Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Pectin-whey protein complexes vs. small molecule surfactants for stabilization of double nano-emulsions as novel bioactive delivery systems
Publication date: Available online 18 October 2018Source: Journal of Food EngineeringAuthor(s): Pouria Gharehbeglou, Seid Mahdi Jafari, Hamed Hamishekar, Aziz Homayouni, Habibollah MirzaeiAbstractWater-in-oil-in-water (W1/O/W2) double emulsions are one of the most efficient nutraceutical delivery systems. Our main objective was to compare some emulsion properties of double nano-emulsions loaded with gallic acid in W1 phase. Polyglycerol polyricinoleate (PGPR), and pectin-WPC or/Tween 80 were applied as emulsifiers in W1-O and O-W2 interfaces, respectively. Our results revealed that complex of pectin-WPC had the same resist...
Source: Journal of Food Engineering - October 19, 2018 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Stipulations Trial
He cautions that people will likely be unprepared to manage the aftereffects with this sort of growth when the struggles have ended. From here we can start to create some kind of unofficial curricula about how to tackle the training procedure for the folks Themself perform than they are capable to truly complete in aiding […] (Source: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology)
Source: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology - October 19, 2018 Category: Dermatology Authors: JCAD Online Editor Source Type: research

Cardiovascular Disease in African Americans: Innovative Community Engagement for Research Recruitment and Impact
Publication date: November 2018Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases, Volume 72, Issue 5, Supplement 1Author(s): Herman A. Taylor, Frances Henderson, Ahmed Abbasi, Gari CliffordHistorical events and the illumination of unequal treatment of cardiovascular and other diseases among African Americans and their white counterparts have suppressed African Americans’ participation in research. Approaches that bring scientific professionals into actual partnership with affected communities show promise for overcoming this reluctance. Two examples are the Jackson Heart Study (JHS) and the emerging Moyo Health Network (MO...
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - October 19, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Association between sunburn and demographic factors and health behaviour among Danish students
The objective of this study was to determine whether sunburn is associated with demographic factors and health behaviour among young Danes. Cross-sectional data of>55,000 15- to 25-year-old students participating in the Danish National Youth Study were collected in 2014. Multilevel logistic regression analysis was used to determine associations. Overall, 45% of the students had experienced at least one sunburn in Denmark, and 60% had experienced one sunburn abroad in the past year. Females had higher odds for sunburns than males. Education and geographical region were associated with sunburn but with opposite trends rel...
Source: Preventive Medicine - October 19, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Nerve Stimulation Enhances Task-Oriented Training for Moderate-to-Severe Hemiparesis 3‚Äď12 Months After Stroke: A Randomized Trial
Conclusions Somatosensory stimulation can improve objective outcomes of motor training for moderate-to-severe hemiparesis less than 12 mos after stroke, although it needs to be determined whether the magnitude of between-groups differences in this study is clinically relevant. Future studies should investigate the intervention's impact on disability and functional recovery for this population as well as neurophysiological mechanisms underlying intervention effects. (Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - October 19, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Physiotherapy Interventions on Spasticity in People With Multiple Sclerosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Conclusions Physiotherapy interventions can be a safe and beneficial option for spasticity in people with multiple sclerosis. No firm conclusion can be drawn on overall spasticity. Further researches in different spasticity aspects are needed. (Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - October 19, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research

Effects of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on Walking and Balance Function after Stroke: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Conclusion These results suggest that rTMS, particularly ipsilesional stimulation, significantly improves walking speed. Future studies with larger sample sizes and an adequate follow-up period are required to further understand the effects of rTMS on lower limb function and its relationship with changes in cortical excitability with the help of functional neuroimaging techniques. To Claim CME Credits Complete the self-assessment activity and evaluation online at http://www.physiatry.org/JournalCME CME Objectives Upon completion of this article, the reader should be able to: 1) Understand the potential neurophysiol...
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - October 19, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles CME Article . 2018 Series . Number 11 Source Type: research

Implementing Emotional Debriefing in Pediatric Clinical Education
Publication date: Available online 18 October 2018Source: Academic PediatricsAuthor(s): Amanda D. Osta, Marta A. King, Janet R. Serwint, Susan B. BostwickAbstractChallenging situations and intense emotions are inherent to clinical practice. Failure to address these emotions has been associated with health care provider burnout. One way to combat this burnout and increase resilience is participation in emotional debriefing. Although there are many models of emotional debriefing, these are not commonly performed in clinical practice. We provide a guide for implementing emotional debriefing training, utilizing the AAP Resilie...
Source: Academic Pediatrics - October 19, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

The role of a scientific society in the training and development of an orthopaedic surgeon
(Source: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy)
Source: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy - October 19, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

The infrapatellar fat pad is a dynamic and mobile structure, which deforms during knee motion, and has proximal extensions which wrap around the patella
ConclusionProximal IFP extensions are a novel description. The IFP is a dynamic structure, displacing significantly during knee motion, which is, therefore, vulnerable to interference from trauma or repetitive overload. Given that this trauma is often surgical, it may be appropriate that surgeons learn to minimize injury to the fat pad at surgery. (Source: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy)
Source: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy - October 19, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Grade Experience of Online Nurse Practitioner Students: Effects of Taking More Than 1 Clinical Course per Term
This study examined the grade experience for online nurse practitioner students (N = 3760) who took more than 1 clinical course per academic term as compared with those who did not. Students who had more than 1 clinical course per term had a greater percentage of clinical course failures than other students (2.1% vs 0.8%, P = .001). Nurse practitioner programs should develop clear policies and guidelines for students taking more than 1 clinical course at a time. (Source: Nurse Educator)
Source: Nurse Educator - October 19, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Feature Articles Source Type: research

Use of Team-Based Learning in a Nursing Leadership Course: An Action Research Study
Team-based learning (TBL) is a learner-centered method widely used in health sciences education. The aim of this action research study was to determine the contribution of TBL to the learning experience of students participating in a nursing leadership course. The study was conducted in 2 cycles over 2 semesters, and TBL was embedded in regular class hours. Results suggest that TBL made positive contributions to student learning. (Source: Nurse Educator)
Source: Nurse Educator - October 19, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Feature Articles Source Type: research

Watch Out for Emails From Predatory Publishers
No abstract available (Source: Nurse Educator)
Source: Nurse Educator - October 19, 2018 Category: Nursing Tags: Departments: TEACHING TIPS Source Type: research