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Osteomyelitis: A Context for Wound Management
GENERAL PURPOSE: To provide an overview of osteomyelitis. TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After completing this continuing education activity, you should be able to: 1. Distinguish the pathogenesis of osteomyelitis in children and adults. 2. Identify practical considerations for diagnosis and evidence-based treatment of osteomyelitis. This educational activity reviews the pathogenesis of osteomyelitis and discusses practical considerations fo...
Source: Advances in Skin and Wound Care - May 22, 2018 Category: Dermatology Tags: Features: Clinical Management Extra Source Type: research

Does Specialty Bias Trump Evidence in the Management of High-risk Prostate Cancer?
The objective was to query how specialty influences treatment recommendations for high-risk prostate cancer in 3 clinical settings: upfront management, postoperative management, and management of biochemical recurrences (BCRs) after radiotherapy (RT). We hypothesized that specialty bias would manifest in all settings, trumping available evidence. Methods: A survey of practicing urologists and radiation oncologists was distributed through electronic mail. Questions pertained to upfront management, postoperative treatment, and local salvage for postradiation BCRs. The associations between 26 selected categorical responses...
Source: American Journal of Clinical Oncology - May 22, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Original Articles: Genitourinary Source Type: research

Hepatic Arterial Infusion Pump: Complications and Nursing Management Regarding Use in Patients With Colorectal Cancer.
Abstract BACKGROUND: The hepatic arterial infusion (HAI) pump is a treatment-delivery method based on the principle of targeting the tumor site directly and can be used alone or in combination with systemic chemotherapy. OBJECTIVES: The intent of this article is to serve as a resource for oncology nurses to safely identify and manage HAI pump complications. These complications include seroma, flipped HAI pump, infection, changes in pressure and temperature, challenging access, dry pump, high residual volume, chemical hepatitis, risk of ulcer, and radiologic imaging considerations. METHODS: The authors pe...
Source: Clinical Colorectal Cancer - May 22, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Italiano D Tags: Clin J Oncol Nurs Source Type: research

Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment: Interprofessional Team Recommendations for Older Adult Women With Breast Cancer.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Geriatric oncology incorporates comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) and traditional oncology care. OBJECTIVES: The aims are to identify limitations reflected by mean scores on the CGA instruments and describe the CGA recommendations documented in the medical record. METHODS: CGA was administered and consisted of the Timed Up and Go Test, the Activities of Daily Living Scale, the Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale, grip strength, falls, pain, the Brief Fatigue Inventory, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, the Geriatric Depression Scale, the Mini-Cog, and the Mini Nutr...
Source: Clinical Breast Cancer - May 22, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Overcash J Tags: Clin J Oncol Nurs Source Type: research

Cognitive Changes: Educating Breast Cancer Survivors With the Think Well: Healthy Living to Improve Cognitive Function Program.
Abstract Cognitive changes may occur after cancer treatment and interfere with day-to-day activities of breast cancer survivors. Current guidelines recommend validating cognitive concerns, increasing patient education, and suggesting appropriate interventions. Educational programs, including Think Well: Healthy Living to Improve Cognitive Function, can increase the awareness of cognitive changes and provide strategies for self-management to breast cancer survivors and their family and friends. PMID: 29781472 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Clinical Breast Cancer)
Source: Clinical Breast Cancer - May 22, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Vo JB, Nolan TS, Bail JR, Gisiger-Camata S, Meneses K Tags: Clin J Oncol Nurs Source Type: research

Cognitive Training and Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation for Mild Cognitive Impairment in Parkinson's Disease: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
This study examined whether standard cognitive training, tailored cognitive training, transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), standard cognitive training + tDCS, or tailored cognitive training + tDCS improved cognitive function and functional outcomes in participants with PD and mild cognitive impairment (PD-MCI). Forty-two participants with PD-MCI were randomized to one of six groups: (1) standard cognitive training, (2) tailored cognitive training, (3) tDCS, (4) standard cognitive training + tDCS, (5) tailored cognitive training + tDCS, or (6) a control grou...
Source: Parkinsons Disease - May 22, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Parkinsons Dis Source Type: research

VESS13. Burnout, Depression, Perceived Stress, and Self-Efficacy in Vascular Surgery Trainees
Burnout is a work-related syndrome involving emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and a sense of reduced personal accomplishment that has become prevalent in all levels of medical training. We sought to understand factors associated with burnout identified in vascular surgery trainees. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - May 22, 2018 Category: Surgery Authors: Matthew R. Janko, Matthew R. Smeds Source Type: research

IP037. Outcomes of the First 100 Consecutive Zenith Fenestrated Endovascular Grafts at a Single Center
The Cook Zenith fenestrated endovascular graft (ZFEN; Cook Medical, Bloomington, Ind) is the only commercially available graft in the United States. Fenestrated endograft technology has been widely accepted as a safe and effective technique to treat more complex abdominal aortic aneurysm anatomy. Data suggest that most centers do only a small volume of cases, despite widespread training of surgeons on the procedure. We reviewed the first 100 consecutive ZFEN endografts performed at our center to evaluate this technology. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - May 22, 2018 Category: Surgery Authors: Jeffrey B. Edwards, Paul A. Armstrong, Mathew Wooster, Martin R. Back, Murray Shames Source Type: research

IP109. The Learning Curve of Transcarotid Artery Revascularization
Transcarotid artery revascularization (TCAR) is a relatively new procedure that involves access to the proximal cervical common carotid artery (CCA), cerebral blood flow reversal as neuroprotection, and stent delivery. The purpose of this study was to describe the learning curve of TCAR. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - May 22, 2018 Category: Surgery Authors: Alexander H. King, Mazin I. Foteh, Jeffrey Jim, Norman H. Kumins, Vikram S. Kashyap Source Type: research

IP145. Comparison of Secondary Intervention Rates in Patients With Implantable Cardiac Devices and Ipsilateral Versus Contralateral Arteriovenous Access
This study aimed to compare secondary intervention rates in end-stage renal disease patients with pacemakers placed on the ipsilateral vs contralateral side of arteriovenous access. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - May 22, 2018 Category: Surgery Authors: Anahita Dua, Michael Sgroi, Kedar Lavingia, Kara A. Rothenberg, Ehab Sorial, Manuel Garcia-Toca Source Type: research

IP171. Social Versus Traditional Communication: How Are Vascular Surgery Training Programs Delivering the Message?
Social media expression is considered by some the ideal way to connect to new recruits in vascular surgery. Use of the welcome narrative may still have a role in our connection with those seeking training in vascular surgery. We set forth to examine vascular surgery training program websites to understand the role that social media and the welcome narrative have in communicating with applicants. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - May 22, 2018 Category: Surgery Authors: Michael F. Amendola, Sravya Chilukuri Source Type: research

IP243. The Picture of a Vascular Surgeon
The Society for Vascular Surgery defines a vascular surgeon as an individual versed in all modalities of treatment for the vascular system. What exactly is included in this definition remains unclear to the lay public and, more important, to other health care providers who may not know to whom to refer their patients. Our goal is to illustrate the clinical picture of a vascular surgeon and how it has evolved during a decade at a tertiary care center and thereby help define the specialty for the purposes of branding and clarifying goals for training programs. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - May 22, 2018 Category: Surgery Authors: Adam Tanious, Mathew Wooster, Paul Armstrong, Karl A. Illig, Brad Johnson, Martin R. Back, Aurelia Calero, Murray Shames Source Type: research

IP245. The Role of Vascular Surgeons Is Increasing in the Management of Trauma
This study reviews the incidence, indications, and outcomes of emergent operative vascular consultations at a level I trauma center during a 15-year period. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - May 22, 2018 Category: Surgery Authors: Sarasijhaa K. Desikan, Jake Hemingway, Mohini Dasari, Niten Singh, Benjamin W. Starnes Source Type: research

SS16. Contemporary Outcomes of Infrapopliteal Atherectomy versus Balloon Angioplasty Alone for Critical Limb Ischemia at a Tertiary Care Teaching Institution
The objective of this study was to compare the outcomes of infrapopliteal atherectomy vs angioplasty alone in patients with critical limb ischemia. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - May 22, 2018 Category: Surgery Authors: Saqib Zia, Amandeep Juneja, Sara Shams, Beenish Faheem, Masood A. Shariff, Kuldeep Singh, Jonathan Schor, Jonathan Deitch Source Type: research

PC012. Surgical Training of Young Vascular Surgeons for Open Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair Considering the Learning Curve
The objective was to analyze the learning curve and determine the number needed to treat to establish sufficient surgical skills of open surgery for intact abdominal aortic aneurysm. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - May 22, 2018 Category: Surgery Authors: Takuro Shirasu, Takatoshi Furuya, Yukihiro Nomura Source Type: research

PC108. Integrated Residency Is Associated With an Increase in Women Among Vascular Surgery Trainees
Over the past decade, the proportion of women within Graduate Medical Education (GME) has increased. We sought to evaluate the effect of establishing vascular surgery integrated residencies (VSIRs) on the proportion of women in VS training programs. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - May 22, 2018 Category: Surgery Authors: Susanna H. Shin, Sherene Shalhub Source Type: research

PC116. Medical Student Interest Groups: The Future of 0-5 Success
Vascular surgery interest groups (VSIG) raise awareness and attract medical students to the specialty. There has been a plateauing of applicants interested in integrated programs. The goal of this survey is to assess the activities of VSIGs and identify factors associated with matriculation into vascular surgery residency. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - May 22, 2018 Category: Surgery Authors: Cassius I. Ochoa Chaar, Anand Brahmandam, Navid Gholitabar, Yawei Zhang, XiaoXu Wang, Jonathan Cardella, Timur Sarac Source Type: research

PC186. Are They a Clean Slate? Patient Knowledge and Information Sources When Facing Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
Given the advantages and disadvantages of competing options for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair, it is critical to understand how and patients learn about their options for both open aortic reconstruction and endovascular AAA repair of AAA (EVR). (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - May 22, 2018 Category: Surgery Authors: Philip P. Goodney, Peter Henke, Peter Nelson, Gale Tang, Emily L. Spangler, Bjoern D. Suckow, David H. Stone, Salvatore T. Scali Source Type: research

RS09. The Fundamentals of Vascular Surgery: A 6-Year Review of the First U.S. Dedicated Vascular Simulation Course
Duty-hour restrictions, changing training paradigms, and diminishing open surgical case volumes have caused dramatic shifts in vascular trainees experience over the past decade. While simulation training has been advocated as an augment to resident training, the benefits of short 3- to 4-day courses are largely unknown. The goal of this study was to perform a 6-year review of the first simulation course established for vascular trainees in the United States. (Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - May 22, 2018 Category: Surgery Authors: Malachi Sheahan, Joyce J. Kim, Alykhan M. Lalani, Claudie Sheahan, Tapash Palit, Bruce Torrance, Marie Unruh, Robert Batson Source Type: research

Events of interest
News items of interest to the vascular surgeon must be received at least 8 weeks before the desired month of publication. Announcements published at no charge include those received from a sponsoring society of this Journal, those courses and conferences sponsored by state, regional, national, or international vascular surgical organizations, and university-sponsored continuing medical education courses. Send applicable events to Andrew O ’Brien, Journal Manager, at a.obrien@elsevier.com. All other news items selected for publication carry a charge of $60.00 US for each insertion, and the fee must accompany the reque...
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - May 22, 2018 Category: Surgery Tags: Reader service Source Type: research

Mathematical Modelling of Bacterial Meningitis Transmission Dynamics with Control Measures.
Authors: Asamoah JKK, Nyabadza F, Seidu B, Chand M, Dutta H Abstract Vaccination and treatment are the most effective ways of controlling the transmission of most infectious diseases. While vaccination helps susceptible individuals to build either a long-term immunity or short-term immunity, treatment reduces the number of disease-induced deaths and the number of infectious individuals in a community/nation. In this paper, a nonlinear deterministic model with time-dependent controls has been proposed to describe the dynamics of bacterial meningitis in a population. The model is shown to exhibit a unique globally as...
Source: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine - May 22, 2018 Category: Statistics Tags: Comput Math Methods Med Source Type: research

APOE- ε4 associates with hippocampal volume, learning, and memory across the spectrum of Alzheimer's disease and dementia with Lewy bodies.
DISCUSSION: These findings provide evidence that APOE-ε4 is linked to hippocampal atrophy and learning/memory phenotypes across the AD/DLB spectrum, which could be useful as biomarkers of disease progression in therapeutic trials of mixed disease. PMID: 29782824 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association)
Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association - May 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimers Dement Source Type: research

Neurology Training for Psychiatry Residents: Practices, Challenges, and Opportunities.
Authors: Shalev D, Jacoby N PMID: 29777396 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training)
Source: The Journal of American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training - May 22, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Acad Psychiatry Source Type: research

Implications for faculty development for emerging clinical teachers at distributed sites: a qualitative interpretivist study.
CONCLUSION: This study adds to an understanding around designing faculty development initiatives that meet the needs of clinicians at distant sites that take on the role of clinical teaching. There remains the need to impart particular strategies to support the learning of particular kinds of knowledge that is commonly dealt with in faculty development. However, there may be an additional need for faculty developers to embrace what is known about rural doctor social learning systems by overtly designing for incorporation of the foundational three Rs: relationships, responsibilities and resources. PMID: 29778089 [PubMed...
Source: Rural and Remote Health - May 22, 2018 Category: Rural Health Tags: Rural Remote Health Source Type: research

Reduced Haematopoietic Output in Automobile Mechanics and Sprayers with Chronic Exposure to Petrochemicals: A Case-Control Study in Cape Coast, Ghana.
This study aimed to use reticulocyte count as an indirect measure of the haematological output in automobile mechanics and sprayers in the Cape Coast Metropolis, Ghana. Method: This cross-sectional study recruited 130 participants: 90 cases (57 automobile mechanics and 33 automobile sprayers) and 40 controls (nonautomobile workers). Venous blood samples were drawn from the participants and examined for full blood count and absolute reticulocyte count. Semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect demographic and occupational safety information from participants. Results: 75.6% of cases had never received occupa...
Source: Journal of Environmental and Public Health - May 22, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Tags: J Environ Public Health Source Type: research

Post-stroke visual neglect affects goal-directed locomotion in different perceptuo-cognitive conditions and on a wide visual spectrum.
Authors: Ogourtsova T, Archambault PS, Lamontagne A Abstract BACKGROUND: Unilateral spatial neglect (USN), a highly prevalent and disabling post-stroke deficit, has been shown to affect the recovery of locomotion. However, our current understanding of USN role in goal-directed locomotion control, and this, in different cognitive/perceptual conditions tapping into daily life demands, is limited. OBJECTIVES: To examine goal-directed locomotion abilities in individuals with and without post-stroke USN vs. healthy controls. METHODS: Participants (n = 45, n = 15 per group) performed goal-directed locomot...
Source: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience - May 22, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Restor Neurol Neurosci Source Type: research

Determinants of High-School Dropout: A Longitudinal Study in a Deprived Area of Japan.
CONCLUSIONS: Three determinants of high-school dropout were found: smoking, tardy arrival, and experience of severe problems. These factors were correlated and should be treated as warning signs of complex behavioral and academic problems. Parents, educators, and policy makers should work together to implement effective strategies to prevent school dropout. PMID: 29780058 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Epidemiology)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology - May 22, 2018 Category: Epidemiology Tags: J Epidemiol Source Type: research

A Phase Variable Approach for IMU-Based Locomotion Activity Recognition
Conclusions: The proposed method may provide improved classification accuracy for gait classification applications trained with nonsubject-specific data. Significance: This paper offers a new method of gait classification based on a phase variable description. The method is shown to provide improved classification accuracy relative to an LDA pattern recognition framework when trained with nonsubject-specific data. (Source: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering)
Source: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering - May 22, 2018 Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research

Provider Language Proficiency and Decision-Making When Caring for Limited English Proficiency Children and Families.
CONCLUSIONS: Residents still face circumstances in which care proceeds without an interpreter. Discomfort with providing care in a second language grows with the perceived complexity of care, and yet a complex condition may not be apparent when communication barriers exist. Overcoming barriers to the use of professional interpretation may improve care for LEP children. PMID: 29778122 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of the National Medical Association)
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - May 22, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research

Naloxone prescriptions from the emergency department: An initiative in evolution
It is well known that the United States is currently in the midst of an Opioid Epidemic. Drug overdose has become a leading cause of death in the United States [1]. To help address the epidemic, the United States Department of Health and Human Services has made expanded use and distribution of naloxone one of their priority areas to combat opioid abuse [2]. Specialty societies have also endorsed the expansion of naloxone education and distribution [3]. (Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine)
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - May 22, 2018 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Miranda Verdier, Joanne C. Routsolias, Steven E. Aks Source Type: research

Characteristics associated with problematic pediatric transport to a regional children's hospital
Levels of pediatric emergency care for hospitals in Tennessee include Basic, Primary, General, or Comprehensive Regional Pediatric Center (CRPC). Our urban, tertiary teaching children's hospital is a CRPC and performs continuous review of transports to our emergency department (ED). Transported patients arrive by EMS ground-transport, helicopter, fixed wing aircraft, or private vehicle. (Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine)
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - May 22, 2018 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Shelley L. Murphy, Lee Blair, Rhonda Phillippi, Mark L. Meredith, Donald H. Arnold Source Type: research

Evaluation of the physician ’s acceptance to clinical pharmacy interventions after antibiotic stewardship implementation in the ICU in a general hospital in Egypt
Conclusion The physicians in Al-Haram hospital appeared to accept the role of clinical pharmacist in correcting antibiotic-related DRPs as well as in implementing ASP. (Source: Bulletin of Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University)
Source: Bulletin of Faculty of Pharmacy, Cairo University - May 22, 2018 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Machine learning in the integration of simple variables for identifying patients with myocardial ischemia
AbstractBackgroundA significant number of variables are obtained when characterizing patients suspected with myocardial ischemia or at risk of MACE. Guidelines typically use a handful of them to support further workup or therapeutic decisions. However, it is likely that the numerous available predictors maintain intrinsic complex interrelations. Machine learning (ML) offers the possibility to elucidate complex patterns within data to optimize individual patient classification. We evaluated the feasibility and performance of ML in utilizing simple accessible clinical and functional variables for the identification of patien...
Source: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology - May 22, 2018 Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research

The Neurogenesis Actuator and NR2B/NMDA Receptor Antagonist Ro25-6981 Consistently Improves Spatial Memory Retraining Via Brain Region-Specific Gene Expression
AbstractNR2B-containing NMDA (NR2B/NMDA) receptors are important in controlling neurogenesis and are involved in generating spatial memory. Ro25-6981 is a selective antagonist at these receptors and actuates neurogenesis and spatial memory. Inter-structural neuroanatomical profiles of gene expression regulating adult neurogenesis and neuroapoptosis require examination in the context of memory retrieval and reversal learning. The aim was to investigate spatial memory retrieval and reversal learning in relation to gene expression-linked neurogenetic processes following blockade of NR2B/NMDA receptors by Ro25-6981. Rats were ...
Source: Journal of Molecular Neuroscience - May 22, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Examining interest throughout multiple text use
This study examines two forms of interest, individual interest and situational interest, in the context of students’ completion of a multiple text task. Time on texts and the number of texts students accessed were examined in association with both forms of interest and as mediators of the relation between situational interest and task performance. Situational interest, but not individual interest, was found to be associated with time devoted to text use, a measure of pe rsistence or engagement during task completion. Prior knowledge, situational interest, number of texts used, and time on texts were found to predict ...
Source: Reading and Writing - May 22, 2018 Category: Child Development Source Type: research

Sensors, Vol. 18, Pages 1654: Deep Learning to Predict Falls in Older Adults Based on Daily-Life Trunk Accelerometry
n Kröse Early detection of high fall risk is an essential component of fall prevention in older adults. Wearable sensors can provide valuable insight into daily-life activities; biomechanical features extracted from such inertial data have been shown to be of added value for the assessment of fall risk. Body-worn sensors such as accelerometers can provide valuable insight into fall risk. Currently, biomechanical features derived from accelerometer data are used for the assessment of fall risk. Here, we studied whether deep learning methods from machine learning are suited to automatically derive features from raw ...
Source: Sensors - May 22, 2018 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Ahmed Nait Aicha Gwenn Englebienne Kimberley S. van Schooten Mirjam Pijnappels Ben Kr öse Tags: Review Source Type: research

The Role of Pharmacogenomics in Bipolar Disorder: Moving Towards Precision Medicine
AbstractBipolar disorder (BD) is a common and disabling psychiatric condition with a severe socioeconomic impact. BD is treated with mood stabilizers, among which lithium represents the first-line treatment. Lithium alone or in combination is effective in 60% of chronically treated patients, but response remains  heterogenous and a large number of patients require a change in therapy after several weeks or months. Many studies have so far tried to identify molecular and genetic markers that could help us to predict response to mood stabilizers or the risk for adverse drug reactions. Pharmacogenetic studie s in BD...
Source: Molecular Diagnosis and Therapy - May 22, 2018 Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research

A homozygous loss-of-function < i > CAMK2A < /i > mutation causes growth delay, frequent seizures and severe intellectual disability
Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CAMK2) plays fundamental roles in synaptic plasticity that underlies learning and memory. Here, we describe a new recessive neurodevelopmental syndrome with global developmental delay, seizures and intellectual disability. Using linkage analysis and exome sequencing, we found that this disease maps to chromosome 5q31.1-q34 and is caused by a biallelic germline mutation inCAMK2A. The missense mutation, p.His477Tyr is located in the CAMK2A association domain that is critical for its function and localization. Biochemically, the p.His477Tyr mutant is defective in self-oligomeriz...
Source: eLife - May 22, 2018 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Human Biology and Medicine Neuroscience Source Type: research

Reframing recitation: The dialogic potential of students ’ responses in IRE/F
Publication date: June 2018 Source:Linguistics and Education, Volume 45 Author(s): Michael B. Sherry Education research has long documented a pattern called recitation, in which the teacher initiates a question, a student responds, and the teacher evaluates or follows up on that response (also known as IRE/F). Based on negative associations with student engagement and achievement, researchers have identified interventions in the IRE/F cycle intended to disrupt this routine and promote dialogic discourse, in which speakers build on what others have already said to refine their ideas. These interventions include changing th...
Source: Linguistics and Education - May 22, 2018 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 15, Pages 1046: Nursing Intervention Practices for Smoking Cessation: A Large Survey in Hong Kong
Wong Previous studies have shown that nursing interventions are effective in helping people to stop smoking, but that the participation of nurses in tobacco control activities has been far from satisfactory. The primary objective of this study is to identify factors that encourage or discourage nurses from participating in providing smoking-cessation interventions to their clients, based on the 5 A’s (ask, advise, assess, assist, arrange) framework. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 4413 nurses in Hong Kong from different clinical specialties. A logistics regression analysis found that predictors for ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - May 22, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yim Wah Mak Alice Yuen Loke Frances Wong Tags: Article Source Type: research

Pattern of presentation and surgical management of penile fractures in a semi-urban African teaching hospital: Case reports and literature review
Conclusion The trend of penile fracture seems to be changing in our semi-urban African community. Surgical reconstruction results in good outcome. (Source: African Journal of Urology)
Source: African Journal of Urology - May 22, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Ginsenoside improves papillary thyroid cancer cell malignancies partially through upregulating connexin 31
Publication date: June 2018 Source:The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences, Volume 34, Issue 6 Author(s): Li Xu, Su-Wan Chen, Xiao-Yan Qi, Xin-Xin Li, Yuan-Bo Sun Connexin 31 (Cx31) is considered a suppressor for many tumors. Ginsenoside (Rg1) is a traditional Chinese herb that is widely acknowledged due to its anti-tumor characteristics. However, limited studies have focused on the role of Rg1 in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) cells. In the current study, we found that the expression of Cx31 in thyroid cancer tissues and thyroid cancer cell lines was significantly lower than that in normal thyroid epithelial tissues an...
Source: The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences - May 22, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: research

Expression and significance of ASPP2 in squamous carcinoma of esophagus
Publication date: June 2018 Source:The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences, Volume 34, Issue 6 Author(s): Bo Liu, Lv Yang, Xiu-Juan Li, Rou Li, Wei Sun, Xiao-Yi Chen, Jun-Chao Liu To study the significance of apoptosis stimulating protein of P53 2 (ASPP2) expression in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), immunohistochemistry S-P method was used to examine the expression of ASPP2 in 136 cases of ESCC, 35 cases of high grade intraepithelial neoplasia (HGIN), 29 cases of low grade intraepithelial neoplasia (LGIN) and 37 cases of normal esophageal epithelium (NEE). The associations of ASPP2 expression with clinicopat...
Source: The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences - May 22, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: research

Lymph node ratio as an alternative to pN staging for predicting prognosis after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer
Publication date: June 2018 Source:The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences, Volume 34, Issue 6 Author(s): Dong Hui Cho, Soo Youn Bae, Ji Young You, Hong Kyu Kim, Young Woo Chang, Yoo Jin Choi, Sang Uk Woo, Gil Soo Son, Jae Bok Lee, Jeoung Won Bae, Seung Pil Jung Axillary nodal status is one of the most important prognostic factors in breast cancer. The lymph node ratio (LNR) has been suggested as an independent prognostic factor because the number of dissected and involved lymph nodes might differ across institutions. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) has been the preferred treatment method for reducing tumor mass in the b...
Source: The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences - May 22, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: research

Association of serum nesfatin-1 concentrations with atrial fibrillation
In conclusion, serum nesfatin-1 concentrations were inversely correlated with AF development. (Source: The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences)
Source: The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences - May 22, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: research

IgM- Kappa type multiple myeloma with simultaneous gastro-esophageal involvement simulating linitis plastica
Publication date: June 2018 Source:The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences, Volume 34, Issue 6 Author(s): Sheng-Wen Huang, Hugo You-Hsien Lin, Sheau-Fang Yang, Yu-Chung Su (Source: The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences)
Source: The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences - May 22, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: research

Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) improved psychomotor slowness and decreased catatonia in a patient with schizophrenia: Case report
Publication date: June 2018 Source:The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences, Volume 34, Issue 6 Author(s): Chia-Wei Chen, Shih-Hsien Lin, Li Chung Huang, Yen Kuang Yang (Source: The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences)
Source: The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences - May 22, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: research

Downregulated MALAT1 relates to recurrent pregnancy loss via sponging miRNAs
In conclusion, MALAT1 as a functional lncRNA controls cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration, invasion and modulates blood vessel formation. Down regulated MALAT1 induced disordered cross-talk between embryo and mother is one of the factor contributes to the pathogenesis of RPL. (Source: The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences)
Source: The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences - May 22, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: research

Hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma: Challenges in the preoperative diagnosis
Publication date: Available online 18 May 2018 Source:The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences Author(s): Lan Zhang, Xin-Ju Chen, Jeong-Min Lee, Song-Shei Lin (Source: The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences)
Source: The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences - May 22, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: research

Alteration in CD8+ T cell subsets in enterovirus-infected patients: An alarming factor for type 1 diabetes mellitus
This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between enteroviral infection and type 1 diabetes mellitus in an Iranian population, and suggestion a predicting approach for susceptible subjects. (Source: The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences)
Source: The Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences - May 22, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: research