New therapeutic approach to combat African sleeping sickness
(Johannes Gutenberg Universitaet Mainz) Scientists working in a range of disciplines joined forces to identify a new approach to combat African sleeping sickness. Fundamental research undertaken under the supervision of Professor Ute Hellmich of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) has revealed a promising strategy to develop a suitable agent. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 20, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Fexinidazole, the first all-oral treatment for sleeping sickness, approved in DRC
(Drugs for Neglected Diseases Initiative) Fexinidazole will contribute to international efforts to eliminate sleeping sickness, a fatal neglected tropical disease endemic to Africa, by 2020 It is the first all-oral treatment for sleeping sickness, and is effective for both stages of the disease. Democratic Republic of Congo bears the majority of the sleeping sickness disease burden, with around 85 percent of reported cases. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - January 30, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Sleeping sickness parasite uses multiple metabolic pathways
(PLOS) Parasitic protozoa called trypanosomes synthesize sugars using an unexpected metabolic pathway called gluconeogenesis, according to a study published December 27 in the open-access journal PLOS Pathogens by David Horn of the University of Dundee in the UK, and colleagues. The authors note that this metabolic flexibility may be essential for adaptation to environmental conditions and survival in mammalian host tissues. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - December 27, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

East Africa: And Now, a New Drug for Sleeping Sickness
[East African] Scientists working on Neglected Tropical Diseases have welcomed the approval of a new drug for the treatment of Human African Trypanosomiasis, commonly known as sleeping sickness. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - November 29, 2018 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Decoding sleeping sickness signals could aid quest for treatments
(University of Edinburgh) Scientists have discovered how the parasite that causes sleeping sickness initiates a physical change in order to spread the disease. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - November 29, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Clemson researchers reveal secrets of parasite that causes African sleeping sickness
(Clemson University) A team of Clemson University researchers wants to protect humans and other mammals from the debilitating and even deadly effects of African sleeping sickness. James Morris, a Clemson professor in the College of Science's department of genetics and biochemistry, said that studying the cause of the disease is vital because, although the transmission of African sleeping sickness by tsetse flies has been studied for more than 100 years, the secret to the underlying parasite's success remains largely a mystery. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - November 20, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

EMA Panel Backs First Oral-Only Drug for Deadly Disease EMA Panel Backs First Oral-Only Drug for Deadly Disease
Fexinidazole is for the treatment of human African trypanosomiasis caused by Trypanosoma brucei gambiense in adults and children aged 6 years and older.International Approvals (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - November 16, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Alert Source Type: news

Global Health: Rapid Cure Approved for Sleeping Sickness, a Horrific Illness
Parasites transmitted by tsetse flies travel to the brain, causing paranoia, fury and death. Until now, killing them required hospitalization and harsh drugs. (Source: NYT Health)
Source: NYT Health - November 16, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: DONALD G. McNEIL Jr. Tags: Sleeping Sickness Parasites Drugs (Pharmaceuticals) Drugs for Neglected Diseases Initiative Doctors Without Borders Gates, Bill and Melinda, Foundation Sanofi SA Africa Congo, Democratic Republic of (Congo-Kinshasa) Fexinidazole Source Type: news

EMA recommends fexinidazole, the first all-oral treatment for sleeping sickness
(Drugs for Neglected Diseases Initiative) The positive opinion is the result of a 10-year partnership between the Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative (DNDi), Sanofi, and African partners. Fexinidazole will support international efforts to eliminate sleeping sickness, a fatal neglected tropical disease endemic to Africa. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - November 16, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

' Tiny Targets' Aid in Fighting African Sleeping Sickness
(MedPage Today) -- Low-tech devices slash tsetse fly populations in Congo (Source: MedPage Today Public Health)
Source: MedPage Today Public Health - November 1, 2018 Category: American Health Source Type: news

Evolutionary shift toward protein-based architecture in trypanosomal mitochondrial ribosomes
Ribosomal RNA (rRNA) plays key functional and architectural roles in ribosomes. Using electron microscopy, we determined the atomic structure of a highly divergent ribosome found in mitochondria of Trypanosoma brucei, a unicellular parasite that causes sleeping sickness in humans. The trypanosomal mitoribosome features the smallest rRNAs and contains more proteins than all known ribosomes. The structure shows how the proteins have taken over the role of architectural scaffold from the rRNA: They form an autonomous outer shell that surrounds the entire particle and stabilizes and positions the functionally important regions...
Source: ScienceNOW - October 25, 2018 Category: Science Authors: Ramrath, D. J. F., Niemann, M., Leibundgut, M., Bieri, P., Prange, C., Horn, E. K., Leitner, A., Boehringer, D., Schneider, A., Ban, N. Tags: Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, Online Only r-articles Source Type: news

Infection biology: Staying a step ahead of the game
(Ludwig-Maximilians-Universit ä t M ü nchen) Trypanosoma brucei, which causes sleeping sickness, evades the immune system by repeatedly altering the structure of its surface coat. Sequencing of its genome and studies of its 3D genome architecture have now revealed crucial molecular aspects of this strategy. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - October 18, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Neem oil found to be effective at fighting sleeping sickness
(Natural News) A study published in the African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines revealed that taking neem oil may help mitigate the risk of suffering from sleeping sickness. A team of researchers at the Kenyatta University in Nairobi, Kenya, conducted a series of in vitro and in vivo assays to determine the beneficial effects of... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - October 15, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

A very special protein synthesis machinery
(ETH Zurich) Sleeping sickness-causing parasites contain an unusual protein synthesis machinery. A team of researchers from ETH Zurich and the University of Berne resolved its very special structure for the first time. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - September 13, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Western medicine is ill-equipped to handle parasites: Standard treatments are ineffective and often lethal
(Natural News) A study published in the journal Nature Communications revealed that sleeping sickness, clinically known as African trypanosomiasis, not only affects the circadian rhythm but may also impact a wide range of important body functions. According to the experts, the disease can be transmitted through the bite of the tsetse fly. The scientists added that that condition... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - July 14, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Sleeping sickness: Pathogens camouflage themselves with sugar
(German Cancer Research Center (Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, DKFZ)) It has long been known that the pathogens causing sleeping sickness evade the immune system by exchanging their surface proteins. But now scientists at the German Cancer Research Center have found an additional parasite strategy to escape the immune system: they confuse the defense system with sugar. The sugar chains on the coat protein prevent the binding of protective antibodies and thus increase the pathogenic properties of the unicellular pathogens. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - July 9, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Stopping a tiny -- and deadly -- fly in its tracks
(Brigham Young University) New research presents a technique that could help treat African sleeping sickness, which impacts millions in sub-Saharan Africa and -- in its late stages -- can be fatal. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - July 5, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Angola:21 Positive Cases of Sleeping Sickness in Banga
[ANGOP] Banga -Twenty - one positive cases of sleeping sickness were diagnosed in the last two weeks in the municipality of Banga, Cuanza Norte province, during the prospecting campaign held by the Provincial Department of the Institute of Combat and Control of Trypanosomiasis (Icct). (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - May 8, 2018 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Angola:Luanda Hosts 3rd Cross-Border Meeting On Sleeping Sickness
[ANGOP] Luanda -Angolan capital, Luanda, is the venue of the 3rd Cross-Border Meeting on Sleeping Sickness, trypanosomiasis, on 8, 9 May, Angop has learnt. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - May 4, 2018 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Aksoy Labs combats the tsetse fly to protect Africa from sleeping sickness
Yale professor of Serap Aksoy ’s work to combat sleeping sickness in Africa has included mapping the genome of the tsetse fly and developing student workshops. (Source: Yale Science and Health News)
Source: Yale Science and Health News - February 15, 2018 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Sanofi and partner seek European Medicines Agency review for sleep sickness product
PARIS (Reuters) - French healthcare group Sanofi, along with its business partner, has asked the European Medicines Agency (EMA) to review the fexinidazole product for the treatment of sleeping sickness, the company said on Wednesday. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - January 31, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Nigeria:'Nigeria Loses U.S.$70 Million Yearly to Sleeping Sickness'
[Guardian] Nigeria loses an estimated $70m yearly to sleeping sickness and as such, the Federal Governments should strive to eradicate tsetse flies and transpanomiases (T and T) that transmit the disease. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - January 29, 2018 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Study: Sleeping sickness not just a sleeping disorder
(UT Southwestern Medical Center) An international study from the O'Donnell Brain Institute shows one of Africa's most lethal diseases is actually a circadian rhythm disorder caused by the acceleration of biological clocks controlling a range of vital functions besides sleep. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 4, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

WATCH: The Battle Against Sleeping Sickness
HuffPost traveled to Congo to document efforts to fight this deadly disease. (Source: Science - The Huffington Post)
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - October 31, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

Discovery of a potential therapeutic target to combat trypanosomes
(CNRS) Using cryo-electron microscopy, French researchers at the Institut de Biologie Mol é culaire et Cellulaire (CNRS/Universit é de Strasbourg) have analyzed the structure of trypanosomes parasites in details and revealed one of their potential weak points, which has remained undetected until now. This discovery opens the path to the development of new safer therapies that are less toxic and more specific against trypanosomes, the parasites causing the Chagas disease and the African sleeping sickness. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - October 26, 2017 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Genomic screening helps doctors target girl's cancer
(Medical University of South Carolina) Two-year-old Victoria Thompson is part of the national precision medicine trial Peds PLAN through MUSC Children's Health for children with high-risk neuroblastoma. She's also receiving DFMO, a drug normally used to treat African sleeping sickness that may help keep high-risk neuroblastoma that's in remission from recurring. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - October 5, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Stephen King ’s September
Monarch of suspense Stephen King is abdicating, sort of. The blockbuster author wrote his latest novel, Sleeping Beauties, with his son Owen King, the author of 2013’s Double Feature. In the father and son’s first collaboration, all but one woman in the small town of Dooling fall prey to a mysterious sleeping sickness, leaving the men to fend for themselves in an increasingly violent world. Television rights to Sleeping Beauties were snapped up by Anonymous Content in the spring, months ahead of the novel’s Sept. 26 release. Sleeping Beauties is just one of the elder King’s projects that fans can co...
Source: TIME.com: Top Science and Health Stories - September 14, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Lucy Feldman Tags: Uncategorized Books horror Horror films Stephen King Source Type: news

Deadly parasite messaging tactic may help curb sleeping sickness
(University of Edinburgh) New insight into the parasites that cause sleeping sickness could offer a new pathway to tackling the disease, which poses a major threat to human health and causes severe livestock losses in parts of sub-Saharan Africa. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - September 4, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

New insights into the world of trypanosomes
(University of W ü rzburg) Such detailed images of the pathogen that causes sleeping sickness inside a host are unique so far: They illustrate the manifold ways in which the parasites move inside a tsetse fly. A research team from the University of W ü rzburg's Biocenter has presented the images. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 23, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

News from the pathogen that causes sleeping sickness
(University of W ü rzburg) A team of researchers from the University of W ü rzburg has discovered an interesting enzyme in the pathogens responsible for African sleeping sickness: It could be a promising target for drugs. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - June 22, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Sleeping Sickness Medication May Help Lessen ASD Symptoms
Small study produced positive results with suramin, but more research needed (Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry)
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry - May 30, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Family Medicine, Neurology, Nursing, Pediatrics, Pharmacy, Psychiatry, Journal, Source Type: news

Could a Century-Old Drug Ease Autism Symptoms?
Small study produced positive results with the sleeping sickness medication suramin, but more research needed (Source: WebMD Health)
Source: WebMD Health - May 26, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Could a Century-Old Drug Help Ease Autism Symptoms?
FRIDAY, May 26, 2017 -- A drug first used in the early 1900s to treat sleeping sickness has shown promise in an early trial as a potential treatment for autism. The study involved just 10 boys, aged 5 to 14, with autism. This was the first human... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - May 26, 2017 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Researchers studying century-old drug in potential new approach to autism
(University of California - San Diego) In a small, randomized Phase I/II clinical trial (SAT1), researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine say a 100-year-old drug called suramin, originally developed to treat African sleeping sickness, was safely administered to children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), who subsequently displayed measurable, but transient, improvement in core symptoms of autism. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - May 26, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Merck partners with University of California, San Diego (UCSD) to fight Neglected Tropical Diseases
Merck, a leading science and technology company, today announced that it has agreed with the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) to share compounds under the WIPO Re:Search open innovation umbrella, thereby deepening its efforts in the fight against Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) to identify potential cures for leishmaniasis, Chagas disease (American trypanosomiasis) and human African trypanosomiasis (HAT, sleeping sickness). (Source: World Pharma News)
Source: World Pharma News - April 20, 2017 Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Featured Merck Group Business and Industry Source Type: news

Tanzania: Fighting Neglected Diseases 'Means Uplifting Livelihoods'
[Citizen] Geneva -Here in Geneva, a child is depicted in a statue leading a blind man, who is affected by river blindness--one of Tanzania's five most common neglected tropical diseases (NTDs). Other NTDs being trachoma, lymphatic filariasis, sleeping sickness, soil-transmitted worms and leprosy. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - April 19, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Scientists use parasite's internal clock to attack sleeping sickness
(UT Southwestern Medical Center) The parasite that causes deadly sleeping sickness has its own biological clock that makes it more vulnerable to medications during the afternoon, according to international research that may help improve treatments for one of Africa's most lethal diseases. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - March 23, 2017 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Tick tock: Time to sleep? Sleeping parasite has own internal clock
(Instituto de Medicina Molecular) Researchers from iMM Lisboa have shown that the parasite responsible for sleeping sickness, Trypanosoma brucei, has its own internal clock, which allows it to anticipate daytime alterations of its surrounding environment and become more virulent. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - March 13, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Scientists effectively disrupt communication between parasites that spread disease
A new intervention to tamper with parasites'communication system may lead to the development of drugs to treat, and prevent the spread of, devastating diseases such as African sleeping sickness, leishmaniasis and Chagas'disease. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - March 9, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

Kenya: Sleeping Sickness On the Rise, Warn Experts
[Nation] Kenya Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Eradication Council (KENTTEC) has warned of rise in cases of sleeping sickness in the country. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - January 30, 2017 Category: African Health Source Type: news

This Man Went Abroad And Brought Back A Disease U.S. Doctors Had Never Seen
This article is part of HuffPost’s Project Zero campaign, a yearlong series on neglected tropical diseases and efforts to fight them. Lying in a hospital bed at the State Department medical unit in Washington, D.C., Claude Reece suspected he might have contracted malaria. It was 1995 and the American was sent back to the U.S. after coming down with a fever, sweats, pounding stomach aches and headaches, while on his first assignment working as a USAID country desk officer for Chad. “I felt that whatever ailment I contracted could be treated by the Medical Unit,” Reece told The Huffington Post ― that...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - January 17, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

This Man Went Abroad And Brought Back A Disease U.S. Doctors Had Never Seen
This article is part of HuffPost’s Project Zero campaign, a yearlong series on neglected tropical diseases and efforts to fight them. Lying in a hospital bed at the State Department medical unit in Washington, D.C., Claude Reece suspected he might have contracted malaria. It was 1995 and the American was sent back to the U.S. after coming down with a fever, sweats, pounding stomach aches and headaches, while on his first assignment working as a USAID country desk officer for Chad. “I felt that whatever ailment I contracted could be treated by the Medical Unit,” Reece told The Huffington Post ― that...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - January 17, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

Medical screening and fly control could rapidly reduce sleeping sickness in key locations
In 2012, the World Health Organization set public health goals for reducing Gambian sleeping sickness, a parasitic infection. Now, by mathematically modeling the impact of different intervention strategies, researchers report have described how two-pronged approaches, integrating medical intervention and vector control, could substantially speed up the elimination of sleeping sickness in high burden areas of the Democratic Republic of Congo. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - January 5, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

Medical screening and fly control could rapidly reduce sleeping sickness in key locations
(PLOS) In 2012, the World Health Organization set public health goals for reducing Gambian sleeping sickness, a parasitic infection. Now, by mathematically modeling the impact of different intervention strategies, researchers reporting in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases have described how two-pronged approaches, integrating medical intervention and vector control, could substantially speed up the elimination of sleeping sickness in high burden areas of the Democratic Republic of Congo. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - January 5, 2017 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Volunteers With No Medical Training Are Fighting Diseases The World Ignores
This article is part of HuffPost’s Project Zero campaign, a yearlong series on neglected tropical diseases and efforts to fight them. For people suffering from painful diseases in remote parts of the world, neighbors volunteering as health educators can be their best shot at getting help. Ordinary people, without any formal medical training, have stepped up to teach others about common illnesses in the province of Nampula, Mozambique, which has one of the highest rates of neglected tropical diseases in the country ― but where many people live in remote, rural communities, far from any health centers. As p...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - January 3, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Volunteers With No Medical Training Are Fighting Diseases The World Ignores
This article is part of HuffPost’s Project Zero campaign, a yearlong series on neglected tropical diseases and efforts to fight them. For people suffering from painful diseases in remote parts of the world, neighbors volunteering as health educators can be their best shot at getting help. Ordinary people, without any formal medical training, have stepped up to teach others about common illnesses in the province of Nampula, Mozambique, which has one of the highest rates of neglected tropical diseases in the country ― but where many people live in remote, rural communities, far from any health centers. As p...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - January 3, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

Deadly sleeping sickness set to be eliminated in six years
A Gambian sleeping sickness could be eliminated in 6 years thanks to new research. A combination of active screening and tsetse fly traps, it turns out, will be the key to quick elimination. Without changing current strategy, however, researchers warn that elimination isn't predicted until the next century. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - December 23, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news

Deadly sleeping sickness set to be eliminated in 6 years
(University of Warwick) Gambian sleeping sickness -- a deadly parasitic disease spread by tsetse flies -- could be eliminated in six years in key regions in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), according to new research by the University of Warwick. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - December 22, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

How Disease Detectives Unearthed A Forgotten Drug To Fight A Lethal Illness
This article is part HuffPost’s Project Zero campaign, a yearlong series on neglected tropical diseases and efforts to eliminate them. One morning a few years ago, a vial containing just a few drops of a long-forgotten drug candidate arrived at the office of bioengineer Els Torreele in Switzerland.  The compound, fexinidazole, had been studied at a drug company several decades earlier, but researchers had given up on it for no clear reason. Torreele had asked the company to unearth whatever it had left from its archive, hoping to get her hands on the final clue in a long process of painstaking detectiv...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - December 13, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

18 Diseases The World Has Turned Its Back On
This article is part HuffPost’s Project Zero campaign, a yearlong series on neglected tropical diseases and efforts to eliminate them. More than 1 billion people on the planet suffer from illnesses that the world pays little attention to. Neglected tropical diseases are a group of at least 18 diseases that primarily affect people living in poverty in tropical regions of the world and are virtually unknown elsewhere, according to the World Health Organization. These are diseases like river blindness, which has infected 18 million people worldwide and caused blindness in 270,000 people; or...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - December 6, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news