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The burden of unintentional drowning: global, regional and national estimates of mortality from the Global Burden of Disease 2017 Study - Franklin RC, Peden AE, Hamilton EB, Bisignano C, Castle CD, Dingels ZV, Hay SI, Liu Z, Mokdad AH, Roberts NLS, Sylte DO, Vos T, Abady GG, Abosetugn AE, Ahmed R, Alahdab F, Andrei CL, Antonio CAT, Arabloo J, Arba AAK, Badiye AD, Bakkannavar SM, Banach M, Banik PC, Banstola A, Barker-Collo SL, Barzegar A, Bayati M, Bhardwaj P, Bhaumik S, Bhutta ZA, Bijani A, Boloor A, Carvalho F, Chowdhury MAK, Chu DT, Colquhoun SM, Dagne H, Dagnew B, Dandona L, Dandona R, Daryani A, Dharmaratne SD, Dibaji Forooshani ZS, Do HT, Driscoll TR, Eagan AW, El-Khatib Z, Fernandes E, Filip I, Fischer F, Gebremichael B, Gupta G, Haagsma JA, Hassan S, Hendrie D, Hoang CL, Hole MK, Holla R, Hostiuc S, Househ M, Ilesanmi OS, Inbaraj LR, Irvani SSN, Islam MM, Ivers RQ, Jayatilleke AU, Joukar F, Kalhor R, Kanchan T, Kapoor N, Kasaeian A, Khan M, Khan EA, Khubchandani J, Krishan K, Kumar GA, Lauriola P, Lopez AD, Madadin M, Majdan M, Maled V, Manafi N, Manafi A, McKee M, Meles HG, Menezes RG, Meretoja TJ, Miller TR, Mithra P, Mohammadian-Hafshejani A, Mohammadpourhodki R, Mohebi F, Molokhia M, Mustafa G, Negoi I, Nguyen CT, Nguyen HLT, Olagunju AT, Olagunju TO, Padubidri JR, Pakshir K, Pathak A, Polinder S, Pribadi DRA, Rabiee N, Radfar A, Rana SM, Rickard J, Safari S, Salamati P, Samy AM, Sarker AR, Schwebel DC, Senthilkumaran S, Shaahmadi F, Shaikh MA, Shin JI, Singh PK, Soheili A, Stokes MA, Suleria HAR, Tarigan IU, Temsah MH, Tesfay BE, Valdez PR, Veisani Y, Ye P, Yonemoto N, Yu C, Yusefzadeh H, Zaman SB, Zhang ZJ, James SL.
BACKGROUND: Drowning is a leading cause of injury-related mortality globally. Unintentional drowning (International Classification of Diseases (ICD) 10 codes W65-74 and ICD9 E910) is one of the 30 mutually exclusive and collectively exhaustive causes of in...
Source: SafetyLit - February 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Bend don't break: stretching improves scores on a battery of fall assessment tools in older adults - Johnson NF, Hutchinson C, Hargett K, Kosik K, Gribble P.
CONTEXT: Falls and loss of autonomy are often attributed in large part to musculoskeletal impairments in later adulthood. Age-related declines in flexibility contribute to late adulthood musculoskeletal impairment. The novel sitting-rising test has been pr...
Source: SafetyLit - February 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Adolescents' cyber victimization: the influence of technologies, gender, and gender stereotype traits - Wright MF, Wachs S.
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of gender and gender stereotype traits (masculinity, femininity) in cyber victimization behaviors (cyber relational victimization, cyber verbal victimization, hacking) through different technolog...
Source: SafetyLit - February 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Relations between early childhood paternal depression and preschool- and school-age psychosocial functioning - Feldman JS, Wilson MN, Shaw DS.
Objective: The present study used a longitudinal design to examine associations between paternal depressive symptoms in toddlerhood and children's psychosocial adjustment during the preschool and school-age periods. Maternal depressive symptoms and ...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Education, race/ethnicity, and causes of premature mortality among middle-aged adults in 4 us urban communities: results from CARDIA, 1985-2017 - Roy B, Kiefe CI, Jacobs DR, Goff DC, Lloyd-Jones D, Shikany JM, Reis JP, Gordon-Larsen P, Lewis CE.
Objectives. To assess causes of premature death and whether race/ethnicity or education is more strongly and independently associated with premature mortality in a diverse sample of middle-aged adults in the United States.Methods. The Coronar...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Young Adults Source Type: news

Identifying risk and resilience factors associated with the likelihood of seeking mental health care among U.S. Arm y soldiers-in-training - Duncan JM, Reed-Fitzke K, Ferraro AJ, Wojciak AS, Smith KM, Sanchez J.
INTRODUCTION: The Department of Defense aims to maintain mission readiness of its service members. Therefore, it is important to understand factors associated with treatment seeking in order to identify areas of prevention and intervention early in a soldi...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Young Adults Source Type: news

A 'community enterprise' model for recreational cannabis: lessons from alcohol licensing trusts in New Zealand - Rychert M, Wilkins C.
The legalisation of cannabis on the American continent in recent years has reinvigorated calls for cannabis law reform in many countries. Yet researchers have described potentially negative public health and social impacts of profit driven commercial marke...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Alcohol sensitivity in women after undergoing bariatric surgery: a cross-sectional study - Acevedo MB, Teran-Garcia M, Bucholz KK, Eagon JC, Bartholow BD, Burd NA, Khan N, Rowitz B, Pepino MY.
BACKGROUND: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG), the most common bariatric surgeries performed worldwide, increase the risk to develop an alcohol use disorder. This might be due, in part, to surgery-related changes in alcohol pharma...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Common and distinct brain activity associated with risky and ambiguous decision-making - Poudel R, Riedel MC, Salo T, Flannery JS, Hill-Bowen LD, Eickhoff SB, Laird AR, Sutherland MT.
Two often-studied forms of uncertain decision-making (DM) are risky-DM (outcome probabilities known) and ambiguous-DM (outcome probabilities unknown). While DM in general is associated with activation of several brain regions, previous neuroimaging efforts...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Factors associated with alcohol use disorder: the role of depression, anxiety, stress, alexithymia and work fatigue- a population study in Lebanon - Obeid S, Akel M, Haddad C, Fares K, Sacre H, Salameh P, Hallit S.
BACKGROUND: International research showed that common mental disorders such as depression, anxiety, social anxiety, stress, alexithymia and having insecure attachment styles are risk factors for alcohol use disorder (AUD). Our objective was to study the fa...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Florida's opioid crackdown and drug, motor vehicle crash, and suicide mortality: a Bayesian interrupted time-series analysis - Feder KA, Mojtabai R, Stuart EA, Musci R, Letourneau EJ.
In 2011, Florida established a Prescription Drug Monitoring Program and adopted new regulations for independent pain-management clinics. This paper examines the association of those reforms with drug overdose deaths and other injury fatalities. Florida's p...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

The association between Florida's opioid crackdown and opioid-related mortality: the role of economic factors and mortality misclassification - Vandoros S.
Opioid overdose mortality has been increasing in the US, and other types of mortality, such as car crash deaths may also be linked to opioid use. In this issue of the Journal, Feder et al. (Am J Epidemiol. XXXX(XX):XXXX-XXXX)) examine the association betwe...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Suburban areas in flames: Dispersion of potentially toxic elements from burned vegetation and buildings. Estimation of the associated ecological and human health risk - Alexakis DE.
The results of the assessment of burned residential and wildland areas associated with the July 2018 western Attica wildfire are summarised. The dispersion of major and trace elements in a fire impacted suburban landscape which is adjacent in the north wit...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

Impact of climate change on disaster events in metropolitan cities -trend of disasters reported by Taiwan national medical response and preparedness system - Lee CH, Lin SH, Kao CL, Hong MY, Huang PC, Shih CL, Chuang CC.
BACKGROUND: Taiwan is geographically located in a zone that is vulnerable to earthquakes, typhoons, floods, and landslide hazards and has experienced various disasters. Six Regional Emergency Medical Operation Centers (REMOCs) are integrated and administer...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Disaster Preparedness Source Type: news

The confirmation and prevalence biases in visual search reflect separate underlying processes - Walenchok SC, Goldinger SD, Hout MC.
Research by Rajsic, Wilson, and Pratt (2015, 2017) suggests that people are biased to use a target-confirming strategy when performing simple visual search. In 3 experiments, we sought to determine whether another stubborn phenomenon in visual search, the ...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Distraction, Fatigue, Chronobiology, Vigilance, Workload Source Type: news

Analysis of the pattern of maxillofacial injuries in Saudi Arabia: a systematic review - Alqahtani F, Bishawi K, Jaber M.
OBJECTIVES: Maxillofacial trauma (MFT) is a serious health problem and in Saudi Arabia is mainly caused by road traffic accidents (RTAs). MFT commonly associated with injuries to the face, head, and jaws and may cause soft tissue lacerations and bruises. M...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Barriers and facilitators to care-seeking among survivors of gender-based violence in the Dadaab refugee complex - Muuo S, Muthuri SK, Mutua MK, McAlpine A, Bacchus LJ, Ogego H, Bangha M, Hossain M, Izugbara C.
This study aimed to understand the charac...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Development of a leader tool for assessing and mitigating suicide risk factors - Hoyt T, Repke D, Barry D, Baisley M, Jervis S, Black R, McCreight S, Prendergast D, Brinton C, Amin R.
This article describes the development of a tool for leaders to identify and mitigate suicide risk factors. METHODS: A seven-item measure, the Leader Su...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Eyeing up the injured brain: automated pupillometry and optic nerve sheath diameter - Romagnosi F, Bongiovanni F, Oddo M.
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Multimodal monitoring has emerged as a novel paradigm of care in acute brain injury, and in this context the value of noninvasive devices is increasingly under scrutiny. This narrative review summarizes recent clinical investigation focu...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Improving the performance of the Revised Trauma Score using Shock Index, Peripheral Oxygen Saturation, and Temperature-a National Trauma Database study 2011 to 2015 - Filipescu R, Powers C, Yu H, Yu J, Rothstein DH, Harmon CM, Clemency B, Guo WA, Bass KD.
BACKGROUND: The Revised Trauma Score is the standard physiologic injury severity indicator used in trauma research and quality control. Shock index, peripheral oxygen saturation, and temperature have emerged as strong predictors for mortality and morbidity...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Initial biphasic fractional anisotropy response to blast-induced mild traumatic brain injury in a mouse model - Venkatasubramanian PN, Pina-Crespo JC, Mathews K, Rigby PH, Smith M, Duckworth JL, Wyrwicz AM, Spiess J.
INTRODUCTION: Blast-induced mild traumatic brain injury was generated in a mouse model using a shock tube to investigate recovery and axonal injury from single blast. METHODS: A supersonic helium wave hit the head of anesthetized male young adult m...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Investigating the adaptation of caregivers of people with traumatic brain injury: a journey told in evolving research traditions - King G, Nalder E, Stacey L, Hartman LR.
The objectives were to identify research traditions, adaptive outcomes assessed in these traditions, and psychosocial variables asso...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Long-term discourse outcomes and their relationship to white matter damage in moderate to severe adulthood traumatic brain injury - Marcotte K, Sanchez E, Arbour C, Brambati SM, Bedetti C, Martineau S, Descoteaux M, Gosselin N.
Highlights • Little is known about the neural correlates of communication impairments in TBI. • Probabilistic tractography was used to investigate white matter fiber bundles. • TBI patients presented persistent changes in language-related ...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Medial-sided injuries in the multiple ligament knee injury - Moatshe G, Vap AR, Getgood A, LaPrade RF, Engebretsen L.
Multiligament knee injuries (MLKI) are complex and challenging to treat. The posteromedial corner (PMC) structures are commonly torn in MLKI. A thorough and systematic evaluation is imperative to avoid a missed diagnosis and for planning treatment. With se...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Outcomes following penetrating neck injury during the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts; a comparison of treatment at US and UK Medical Treatment Facilities - Breeze J, Bowley DM, Combes JG, Baden J, Orr L, Beggs A, Dubose J, Powers DB.
INTRODUCTION: The United States (US) and United Kingdom (UK) had differing approaches to the surgical skill mix within deployed Medical Treatment Facilities (MTF) in support of the military campaigns in Iraq and Afghanistan. METHODS: The US and UK ...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Penetration of the ascending aorta and bronchus by a crossbow bolt - Futamura Y, Watanuki H, Okada M, Matsuyama K.
We report the successful repair in a 29-year-old man who experienced penetration of the ascending aorta and bronchus by a crossbow bolt. Imaging studies revealed the arrow penetrating the sternum, right lung, ascending aorta and right bronchus, with medias...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Postpartum depression in the Portuguese population: the role of knowledge, attitudes and help-seeking propensity in intention to recommend professional help-seeking - Branquinho M, Canavarro MC, Fonseca A.
This study aimed to characterize the intentions to re...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Prevalence of workplace violence types against personnel of emergency medical services in Iran: a systematic review and meta-analysis - Sahebi A, Jahangiri K, Sohrabizadeh S, Golitaleb M.
Objective: Workplace violence is one type of occupational hazards that is increasingly growing worldwide. In the health system, one of the important groups subject to workplace violence is emergency medical services (EMS) personnel, who provide emer...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Prospective evaluation of admission cortisol in trauma - Kwok AM, Davis JW, Dirks RC, Sue LP, Wolfe MM, Kaups K.
BACKGROUND: A low cortisol level has been shown to occur soon after trauma, and is associated with increased mortality. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of low cortisol levels in acute critically ill trauma patients. We hypothesized ...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Rasch analysis of the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 in a mild traumatic brain injury sample - Snell DL, Siegert RJ, Silverberg ND.
In this study we examined the psychometric properties of the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2.0 12-item version) in a mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) sample.Materials and Methods: Treatment-seeking adults (n  = ...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

The effect of traumatic brain injury (TBI) on cognitive performance in a sample of active duty U.S.. Military service members - Rice VJ, Schroeder PJ, Cassenti DN, Boykin GL.
INTRODUCTION: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is considered a signature injury from the fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan. Since the year 2000, over 370,000 U.S. active duty service members have been diagnosed with TBI. Although prior research has shown that e...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Hybrid deep learning-gaussian process network for pedestrian lane detection in unstructured scenes - Nguyen TNA, Phung SL, Bouzerdoum A.
This article presents a new approach for pedestrian lane detection in unstructured environments, where the pedestrian lanes can have arbitrary surfaces with...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Presence, mixed reality, and risk-taking behavior: a study in safety interventions - Hasanzadeh S, Polys NF, De La Garza JM.
In this study, we investigate...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Risk-based optimal scheduling of maintenance activities in a railway network - Consilvio A, Di Febbraro A, Meo R, Sacco N.
In a railway system, maintenance activities need to be continuously performed to ensure safety and continued rail operations. In this framework, while on one hand unplanned corrective maintenance activities performed when a fault is occurred are expensive ...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Privadentiality: developing a coherent framework for establishing communication protections in family and child protection dispute resolution methods - Firestone G, Press S.
The emergence of innovative family and child protection dispute resolution (DR) methods has resulted in a varying array of communication protections. Review of these communication protections in the United States reveals a lack of consistency and clarity w...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Transport-related walking among young adults: when and why? - Assemi B, Zahnow R, Zapata-Diomedi B, Hickman M, Corcoran J.
BACKGROUND: The existing smartphones' technology allows for the objective measurement of a person's movements at a fine-grained level of geographic and temporal detail, and in doing so, it mitigates the issues associated with self-report biases and lack of...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Vehicle make and model recognition using bag of expressions - Jamil AA, Hussain F, Yousaf MH, Butt AM, Velastin SA.
Vehicle make and model recognition (VMMR) is a key task for automated vehicular surveillance (AVS) and various intelligent transport system (ITS) applications. In this paper, we propose and study the suitability of the bag of expressions (BoE) approach for...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Residential instability, running away, and juvenile detention characterizes commercially sexually exploited youth involved in Washington State's child welfare system - Pullmann MD, Roberts N, Parker EM, Mangiaracina KJ, Briner L, Silverman M, Becker JR.
BACKGROUND: Federal policy in 2015 expanded the definition of "child abuse" to include human trafficking. As a result, child welfare agencies are newly responsible for identifying and providing services for youth in state care who are or at-risk of commerc...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The relationship between maternal self-confidence and postpartum depression in primipara mothers: a follow-up study - Aydemir S, Onan N.
This follow-up study was performed in order to determine the relationship between maternal self-confidence and postpartum depression in primipara mothers over time. It was conducted between February and December 2017 with 82 primipara mothers. Data was col...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Suicide by pesticide poisoning in India: a review of pesticide regulations and their impact on suicide trends - Bonvoisin T, Utyasheva L, Knipe D, Gunnell D, Eddleston M.
BACKGROUND: Pesticide self-poisoning is a common means of suicide in India. Banning highly hazardous pesticides from agricultural use has been successful in reducing total suicide numbers in several South Asian countries without affecting agricultural outp...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Home and Consumer Product Safety Source Type: news

Traumatic experiences, family functioning, and mood disorder development in bipolar offspring - Koenders MA, Mesman E, Giltay EJ, Elzinga BM, Hillegers MHJ.
OBJECTIVES: Studies in children of patients affected with bipolar disorder (BD; bipolar offspring) are at high risk to develop mood disorders. Our aim is to investigate how environmental factors such as childhood trauma and family functioning relate to the...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Safety training for migrant workers in the construction industry: a systematic review and future research agenda - Peir ó JM, Nielsen K, Latorre F, Shepherd R, Vignoli M.
This article presents a systematic literature review of current safety training pro...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Association between occupational solvent exposure and cognitive performance in the French CONSTANCES study - Letellier N, Choron G, Artaud F, Descatha A, Goldberg M, Zins M, Elbaz A, Berr C.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between occupational exposure to solvents and cognitive performance in middle-aged and early-ageing participants, taking into account the working environment. METHODS: In the Fr...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Occupational Issues Source Type: news

Corticomuscular control of walking in older people and people with Parkinson's disease - Roeder L, Boonstra TW, Kerr GK.
Changes in human gait resulting from ageing or neurodegenerative diseases are multifactorial. Here we assess the effects of age and Parkinson's disease (PD) on corticospinal activity recorded during treadmill and overground walking. Electroencephalography ...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Prevalence and risk factors of domestic violence in women attending the National Guard Primary Health Care Centers in the Western Region, Saudi Arabia, 2018 - Wali R, Khalil A, Alattas R, Foudah R, Meftah I, Sarhan S.
BACKGROUND: Domestic violence (DV) is considered a public health issue in Saudi Arabia as well as a violation of a fundamental human right. DV causes many acute and chronic physical and mental health consequences. Cultural taboos and lack of awareness rega...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Risk Factor Prevalence, Injury Occurrence Source Type: news

Role of hopelessness in suicidal ideation among patients with depressive disorders - Baryshnikov I, Rosenstr öm T, Jylhä P, Vuorilehto M, Holma M, Holma I, Riihimäki K, Brown GK, Oquendo MA, Isometsä ET.
OBJECTIVE: The cognitive theory of suicide postulates that hopelessness is an essential precondition for suicidal ideation in patients with depressive disorder. However, the explanatory power and predictive value of hopelessness for suicidal ideation remai...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Perpetration of intimate partner violence among men living with HIV in northern Vietnam - Hershow RB, Ha TV, Sripaipan T, Latkin C, Hutton HE, Chander G, Bui Q, Nguyen VQ, Frangakis C, Go VF.
We examined the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetration and characteristics of HIV-infected male perpetrators. The cross-sectional study was conducted in Vietnam with male antiretroviral treatment clients (N  = 1099; mean age = 40...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Violence and Weapons Issues Source Type: news

Non accidental repeated lithium poisoning in a child: the role of hair analysis - Pouchoux C, P élissier AL, Gaulier JM, Retornaz K, Di Meglio C, Dubus JC, Bosdure E.
Non accidental intoxication due to child abuse is rare and its frequency is likely underestimated because it is difficult to diagnose. Here, we report a case of voluntary repeated exposure to lithium in an infant, for whom the clinical manifestations were ...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Dulaglutide OK for Primary and Secondary CV Risk Reduction in US Dulaglutide OK for Primary and Secondary CV Risk Reduction in US
Dulaglutide is the first and only type 2 diabetes medicine approved to reduce CV events in adults with, and without, established CVD.FDA Approvals
Source: Medscape Cardiology Headlines - February 24, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Diabetes & Endocrinology News Alert Source Type: news

Egypt: Doctor, Parents Face Trial in Egypt for Girl's Death After Genital Cutting
[Thomson Reuters Foundation] Cairo -Genital cutting of girls was banned in Egypt in 2008 but a 2016 survey by the U.N. found 87% of women and girls aged 15-49 had undergone the ritual
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - February 24, 2020 Category: African Health Source Type: news