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Association between homicide and suicide rates in Colombia, 2017 - Campo-Arias A, Romero KJ, Herazo E.
The socioeconomic context is significantly related to homicide and suicide rates1. On the one hand, it is proposed that adverse socio-economic conditions increase the rates of homicide and suicide in a population due to the increase in aggressive and v...
Source: SafetyLit - February 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Risk Factor Prevalence, Injury Occurrence Source Type: news

Association of dual decline in memory and gait speed with risk for dementia among adults older than 60 years: a multicohort individual-level meta-analysis - Tian Q, Resnick SM, Mielke MM, Yaffe K, Launer LJ, Jonsson PV, Grande G, Welmer AK, Laukka EJ, Bandinelli S, Cherubini A, Rosano C, Kritchevsky SB, Simonsick EM, Studenski SA, Ferrucci L.
IMPORTANCE: Dual decline in both memory and gait speed may characterize a group of older individuals at high risk for future dementia. OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk of dementia in older persons who experience parallel declines in memory and gait sp...
Source: SafetyLit - February 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Burn wound care of civilians in Sahel region by French military surgical teams: ethical challenges and future training requirements - Lamblin A, Derkenne C, Radavidson A.
The primary mission of the French military surgical teams deployed in external operations in the Sahel is to provide support for combatants. However, many of their activities and of the limited human and material resources allocated to them are devoted to ...
Source: SafetyLit - February 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

(side) effects of the rule of the road and neurophysiology on traffic safety: a hypothesis - Lewis P, Shaw DM, Wild U, Erren TC.
Nowadays, the roots of left-hand traffic (LHT) and right-hand traffic (RHT) - including fighting on horse-back and whipping horses that are drawing carriages - are at an all-time low; thus, it is time to assess and appreciate the nexus of road-safety pract...
Source: SafetyLit - February 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

Heart Failure in Stroke: Relevance for Acute Care and Outcome Heart Failure in Stroke: Relevance for Acute Care and Outcome
This study focused on the safety and efficacy of recanalizing therapies in heart failure patients with acute ischemic stroke. How does HF impact the long-term prognosis of these patients?Stroke
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - February 25, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery Journal Article Source Type: news

Preoperative Risk, Blood Pressure, and Acute Kidney Injury Preoperative Risk, Blood Pressure, and Acute Kidney Injury
A new study investigates whether the association between intraoperative hypotension and post-surgical acute kidney injury varies by patient and procedure preoperative risk.Anesthesiology
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - February 25, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Anesthesiology Journal Article Source Type: news

Kenya: Let's Protect Our Children From Bad Content - Moral Police
[Capital FM] Nairobi -The Kenya Film Classification Board has appealed to media and entertainment stakeholders to ensure that children are protected from inappropriate content in their programs.
Source: AllAfrica News: Pregnancy and Childbirth - February 25, 2020 Category: OBGYN Source Type: news

FDA accepts Roche ’s Biologics License Application for fixed-dose subcutaneous combination of Perjeta and Herceptin for HER2-positive breast cancer
Basel, 25 February 2020 – Roche (SIX: RO, ROG; OTCQX: RHHBY) today announced that the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has accepted the company’s Biologics License Application (BLA) for the fixed-dose combination (FDC) of Perjeta® (pertuzumab) and Herceptin® (trastuzumab) with hyaluronidase, administered by subc utaneous (SC) injection in combination with intravenous (IV) chemotherapy, for the treatment of eligible patients with HER2-positive breast cancer. The BLA for the FDC is based on results from the phase III FeDeriCa study, which demonstrated non-inferior levels of Perjeta in the blood (pharmacokinet ics)...
Source: Roche Investor Update - February 25, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

The Coalition wants to turn scientists into lapdogs – and muzzle climate research in the process | Paul Willis
Political interference in scientific research has been weaponised during the past decade, and we are all suffering the consequencesPolicies matter. Good policies lead to good outcomes, while bad policies can lead to disaster. But what about where there is no policy, or a policy that is incohesive and incomplete? We only need to look at the state of science research policy in Australia to find out.Scientific research in Australia has always suffered from political influence, because research in Australia is heavily dependent on federal government funding. But political interference in scientific research has been weaponised...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - February 25, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Paul Willis Tags: Research funding Science Australian politics Australia news Climate change Coalition Education Environment Australian universities Higher education Tony Abbott Australian education Source Type: news

Coronavirus: South Korea to test 200,000 sect members as pandemic fears hit markets
Nation brings in ‘maximum measures’ to contain outbreak at secretive churchCovid-19 coverage: live updatesSouth Korea has stepped up its “maximum measures” to contain the coronavirus with plans to test around 200,000 members of a secretive church believed to be at the centre of the country’s outbreak.Along with an emergency budget and a crackdown on the hoarding of face masks, the government in Seoul will test members of the Shincheonji Church of Jesus after its founder agreed to provide authorities with the names of all its members in the country.Continue reading...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - February 25, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Martin Farrer, Lorenzo Tondo and agencies Tags: Coronavirus outbreak South Korea Asia Pacific Infectious diseases Science World news Global development Source Type: news

Adults don't need tetanus, diphtheria boosters if fully vaccinated as children
(Oregon Health& Science University) Adults do not need tetanus or diphtheria booster shots if they've already completed their childhood vaccination series against these rare, but debilitating diseases, research published in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases indicates. The study found no significant difference in disease rates between countries that require adults to receive tetanus and diphtheria booster shots and those that don't.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 25, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Forensic science failures putting justice at risk, says regulator
System on a ‘knife-edge’ due to skills shortages and funding cuts in England and WalesInnocent people are being wrongly convicted and criminals are escaping justice because of the failure of the forensic science system to meet basic standards, the regulator has said.Delivering a stark message before the release of her annual report on Tuesday, the forensic science regulator, Dr Gillian Tully, told the Guardian the service had been operating “on a knife-edge” for years.Continue reading...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - February 25, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Vikram Dodd Police and crime correspondent Tags: Forensic science UK criminal justice UK news Police Wales Law DNA database Politics Science funding crisis Science policy Source Type: news

China reports 508 new cases in viral outbreak and 71 new deaths, most of them in the epicenter city of Wuhan
Source: ABC News: Health - February 25, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news

Twitter, Kardashians, and the Democratization of Clinical Debate Twitter, Kardashians, and the Democratization of Clinical Debate
What should be the role of Twitter in public conversations about clinical trials and their results when both experts and crackpots can weigh in and, if they have enough followers, shape the narrative?Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Cardiology Headlines - February 25, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Cardiology News Source Type: news

Mediterranean Diet Tied to Gut Diversity and Healthier Aging Mediterranean Diet Tied to Gut Diversity and Healthier Aging
A new study finds that eating a Mediterranean-style diet alters the gut microbiome and is linked to less frailty and better cognitive function in the elderly.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Allergy Headlines - February 25, 2020 Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Gastroenterology News Source Type: news

Real World Evidence - From Safety to a Potential Tool for Advancing Innovative Ways to Develop New Medical Therapies
Real World Evidence --- From Safety to a Potential Tool for Advancing Innovative Ways to Develop New Medical Therapies with Jacqueline Corrigan-Curay and David Martin
Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New - February 24, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: FDA Source Type: news

1 In 4 Rural Hospitals Are At Risk Of Closure And The Problem Is Getting Worse
The rural hospital closure crisis has claimed 120 facilities across the nation over the past 10 years and the numbers are not getting any better.
Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News - February 24, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Clary Estes, Contributor Source Type: news

Accidental deaths in young people with epilepsy and psychiatric comorbidity-a Danish nationwide cohort study - Aagaard SK, Dreier JW, Sun Y, Laursen TM, Christensen J.
The objective of this study was to investigate the accident-related mortality among people younger than 55  years of age with epilepsy compared with the general population and to study how psychiatric comorbidity influences this risk. ME...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Alcohol-related cognitive mechanisms underlying adolescent alcohol use and alcohol problems: outcome expectancy, self-schema, and self-efficacy - Lee CK, Corte C, Stein KF, Feng JY, Liao LL.
The objective of this study was to empirically test a theoretical model to determine the cognitive mechanisms that are associated with adolescent alcohol use and alcohol problems. We posited that alcohol outcome expectancies would affect alcohol-r...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

An e-learning adaptation of an evidence-based media literacy curriculum to prevent youth substance use in community groups: development and feasibility of REAL media - Ray AE, Greene K, Hecht ML, Barriage SC, Miller-Day M, Glenn SD, Banerjee SC.
BACKGROUND: There is a need for evidence-based substance use prevention efforts that target high school-aged youth that are easy to implement and suitable for dissemination in school and community groups. The Youth Message Development (YMD) program is a br...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Associations between life-course-persistent antisocial behaviour and brain structure in a population-representative longitudinal birth cohort - Carlisi CO, Moffitt TE, Knodt AR, Harrington H, Ireland D, Melzer TR, Poulton R, Ramrakha S, Caspi A, Hariri AR, Viding E.
BACKGROUND: Studies with behavioural and neuropsychological tests have supported the developmental taxonomy theory of antisocial behaviour, which specifies abnormal brain development as a fundamental aspect of life-course-persistent antisocial behaviour, b...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Dynamic postural stability in active, adolescent males following repeated bouts of aerobic exercise in hot and temperate environments: a pilot study - Bond CW, Dorman JC, Macfadden LN, Munce TA.
INTRODUCTION: Proper jump-landing neuromuscular control is crucial in mitigating lower-extremity musculoskeletal injuries. The presence of fatigue, especially in extreme environments, may degrade dynamic postural stability (DPS) and result in lower-extremi...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Explaining health disparities between heterosexual and LGB adolescents by integrating the minority stress and psychological mediation frameworks: findings from the TRAILS Study - Kiekens W, la Roi C, Bos HMW, Kretschmer T, van Bergen DD, Veenstra R.
Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adolescents experience elevated levels of internalizing problems and use more substances than heterosexual adolescents. The minority stress and psychological mediation framework are complementary theoretical frameworks that...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Follow-up care after behavioral health-related hospitalization for children and adolescents - Lynch S, Witt W, Ali MM, Teich J, Mutter R, Gibbons B, Walsh C.
Although the coordination of follow-up behavioral health-related care between hospitals and outpatient behavioral health care settings is important, studies on this topic are few. Claims were selected from Truven Health Analytics' Marketscan databases duri...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Harnessing the power of data to improve family justice: a new Nuffield Family Justice Observatory for England and Wales - Broadhurst K, Williams T.
A pilot Family Justice Observatory for England and Wales is being launched in Spring 2019. Its overarching aim is to address concerns about the limited and uncertain place of empirical evidence in the family justice system. The Observatory will focus on pr...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Journeying with fear: young people's experiences of cannabis use, crime and violence before treatment entry - Comiskey C, James P, Smyth B.
PROBLEM: The experiences of crime and policing from the perspective of adolescent cannabis users before treatment entry are not often understood by practitioners. METHODS: A qualitative design within an interpretivist paradigm was used. Data were c...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Longitudinal pathways of family influence on child self-regulation: the roles of parenting, family expressiveness, and maternal sensitive guidance in the context of child maltreatment - Speidel R, Wang L, Cummings EM, Valentino K.
Maltreated children are susceptible to dysregulation, but developmental mechanisms at the family level that influence this process are understudied. In the current investigation, 4 mediators (positive parenting, positive and negative family expressiveness,...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Measuring the difference between parental alienation and parental estrangement: the PARQ-Gap - Bernet W, Gregory N, Rohner RP, Reay KM.
Parental alienation (rejection of a parent without legitimate justification) and realistic estrangement (rejection of a parent for a good reason) are generally accepted concepts among mental health and legal professionals. Alienated children, who were not ...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Parental support of self-regulation among children at risk for externalizing symptoms: developmental trajectories of physiological regulation and behavioral adjustment - Zhang X, Gatzke-Kopp LM, Fosco GM, Bierman KL.
Children with externalizing symptoms typically show dysregulated arousal when facing emotional challenges and are at risk for antisocial outcomes later in life. The model of emotion socialization (Eisenberg, Cumberland,& Spinrad, 1998) points to supportiv...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Parenting coordination and confidentiality: a (not-so) delicate balance - Carter DK, Frenkel DN.
This article describes the current state and range of information protection in the growing number of states and Canadian provinces that employ parenting coordination in an effort to reduce repeat custody litigation. The predominant approach--in which what...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Privadentiality: developing a coherent framework for establishing communication protections in family and child protection dispute resolution methods - Firestone G, Press S.
The emergence of innovative family and child protection dispute resolution (DR) methods has resulted in a varying array of communication protections. Review of these communication protections in the United States reveals a lack of consistency and clarity w...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Reducing domestic violence and improving outcomes for children: funding civil legal aid to maximize impact - Chiappetta C.
Domestic violence survivors and children in foster care often experience significant unmet civil legal needs. Legal aid services, when adequately funded, can help close the justice gap for these two populations while improving safety, stability, and court ...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Relations among religiosity, age of self-identification as gay, lesbian, or bisexual, and alcohol use among college students - Corbin WR, Ong TQ, Champion C, Fromme K.
Research indicates that lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youth are at increased risk for heavy drinking relative to their heterosexual peers. One possible contributing factor is that religiosity fails to provide the significant protection for LGB youth tha...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Residential instability, running away, and juvenile detention characterizes commercially sexually exploited youth involved in Washington State's child welfare system - Pullmann MD, Roberts N, Parker EM, Mangiaracina KJ, Briner L, Silverman M, Becker JR.
BACKGROUND: Federal policy in 2015 expanded the definition of "child abuse" to include human trafficking. As a result, child welfare agencies are newly responsible for identifying and providing services for youth in state care who are or at-risk of commerc...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Sexual assault victimization among children and youth with developmental disabilities: responding with trauma-informed care - Reese S, Deutsch SA.
Sexual assault victimization is a traumatic experience for children and youth, and care of survivors requires a trauma-informed approach. Children and youth with developmental disabilities are sexually victimized at higher rates than those without disabili...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Slash, shoot, kill: gang recruitment of children and the penalties gangs face - Finelli GA.
Criminal street gang recruitment of minors has proliferated through countless communities in the United States as tensions continue to rise between gangs, communities, and the police. In response, many state legislatures have proposed legislation to combat...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Statistical analysis of childhood and early adolescent externalizing behaviors in a middle low income country - Bishop SA, Okagbue HI, Odukoya JA.
The article show the pattern of externalizing behavior across age, gender, school type, and school level, with reference to aggression, delinquency, and hyperactivity. The study samples were primary school pupils and secondary school students from three se...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Studies on the relationship between social anxiety and excessive smartphone use and on the effects of abstinence and sensation seeking on excessive smartphone use - Turgeman L, Hefner I, Bazon M, Yehoshua O, Weinstein A.
Problematic smartphone use is the excessive use of the smartphone with negative impacts on the quality of life of the user. We investigated the association between social anxiety and excessive smartphone use. The sample consisted of 140 participants, 73 ma...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Traumatic experiences, family functioning, and mood disorder development in bipolar offspring - Koenders MA, Mesman E, Giltay EJ, Elzinga BM, Hillegers MHJ.
OBJECTIVES: Studies in children of patients affected with bipolar disorder (BD; bipolar offspring) are at high risk to develop mood disorders. Our aim is to investigate how environmental factors such as childhood trauma and family functioning relate to the...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Treatment outcomes for depression: challenges and opportunities - Cuijpers P, Stringaris A, Wolpert M.
Depressive disorders are common, costly, have a strong effect on quality of life, and are associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. Effective treatments are available: antidepressant medication and talking therapies are included in most gui...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Young people, drug use and drugged-driving - Silva FP, Mendes R, Gir ão P, Francisco M.
According to World Health Organization (WHO) road traffic injuries are a leading cause of death globally, leading to the death of 1.2 million people each year. Data from National Authority for Road Safety (ANSR-Portugal) points to age group between 18 and ...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Corticomuscular control of walking in older people and people with Parkinson's disease - Roeder L, Boonstra TW, Kerr GK.
Changes in human gait resulting from ageing or neurodegenerative diseases are multifactorial. Here we assess the effects of age and Parkinson's disease (PD) on corticospinal activity recorded during treadmill and overground walking. Electroencephalography ...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Dairy consumption and risk of falls in 2 European cohorts of older adults - Machado-Fragua MD, Struijk EA, Caballero FF, Ortol á R, Lana A, Banegas JR, Rodriguez-Artalejo F, López-García E.
BACKGROUND& AIMS: Some previous evidence have linked dairy products with greater muscle mass, bone mineral density and lower risk of osteoporosis. However, there is also evidence of a detrimental effect of milk on the risk of hip fracture. The aim of this...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Effects of a "modified" Otago exercise program on the functional abilities and social participation of older adults living in the community-the AGA@4life Model - Martins AC, Guia D, Saraiva M, Pereira T.
Strength and balance exercises form part of multifactorial programs to reduce the risk of falling and promote active ageing. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a strength and balance exercise program, adapted from the traditional Otago Exe...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Experiences of the built environment, falls and fear of falling outdoors among older adults: an exploratory study and future directions - Curl A, Fitt H, Tomintz M.
Falls can have serious impacts on the health, wellbeing and daily mobilities of older adults. Falls are a leading cause of injury and death amongst older adults and outdoor falls comprise a substantial proportion of pedestrian injuries. As well as physical...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Influence of cognitive impairment on mortality, complications and functional outcome after hip fracture: dementia as a risk factor for sepsis and urinary infection - Delgado A, Cordero G-G E, Marcos S, Cordero-Ampuero J.
PURPOSE: To analyze the relation between cognitive impairment on arrival at hospital in patients older than 65 years with a hip fracture, and their mortality, medical and surgical complications, and functional outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Observ...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Hepatotoxicity in a child following an accidental overdose of liquid paracetamol - Chiew AL, Domingo G, Buckley NA, Stathakis P, Ress K, Roberts DM.
Introduction: Accidental pediatric liquid paracetamol exposure is common. Most children do not require treatment with acetylcysteine and acute liver injury is rare.Case report: An otherwise well 3-year-old (15.4  kg) girl with recent vomitin...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

International Hague network of judges: significance in implementation of the 1980 and 1996 Hague Conventions on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction - Sheffield JMW, Rowland MD.
The 1980 Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction ("the Convention") provides for the prompt return to the country of habitual residence of children taken by a parent from one country to another. It was created to address the ...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Non accidental repeated lithium poisoning in a child: the role of hair analysis - Pouchoux C, P élissier AL, Gaulier JM, Retornaz K, Di Meglio C, Dubus JC, Bosdure E.
Non accidental intoxication due to child abuse is rare and its frequency is likely underestimated because it is difficult to diagnose. Here, we report a case of voluntary repeated exposure to lithium in an infant, for whom the clinical manifestations were ...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Potential determinants during 'the first 1000 days of life' of sleep problems in school-aged children - Harskamp-van Ginkel MW, Kool RE, van Houtum L, Belmon LS, Huss A, Chinapaw MJM, Vrijkotte TGM.
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Early life determinants of sleep problems are mostly unknown. The first 1000 days of life (ie, the time between conception and a child's second birthday) is a period where the foundations for optimum health, growth and neurodevelopment ar...
Source: SafetyLit - February 24, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news