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Total 469 results found since Jan 2013.

Management of Spasticity After Traumatic Brain Injury in Children
Traumatic brain injury is a common cause of disability worldwide. In fact, trauma is the second most common cause of death and disability, still today. Traumatic brain injury affects nearly 475 000 children in the United States alone. Globally it is estimated that nearly 2 million people are affected by traumatic brain injuries every year. The mechanism of injury differs between countries in the developing world, where low velocity injuries and interpersonal violence dominates, and high-income countries where high velocity injuries are more common. Traumatic brain injury is not only associated with acute problems, but pati...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - February 21, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Effect of Underwater Treadmill Gait Training With Water-Jet Resistance on Balance and Gait Ability in Patients With Chronic Stroke: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial
Conclusions: Our results demonstrated that underwater treadmill gait training with water-jet resistance is effective in improving static and dynamic balance as well as gait abilities in chronic stroke patients. Thus, training using underwater treadmill gait training with water-jet resistance may be useful in facilitating active rehabilitation in chronic stroke patients.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - February 12, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Depth Sensor-Based Assessment of Reachable Work Space for Visualizing and Quantifying Paretic Upper Extremity Motor Function in People with Stroke.
Conclusions. The RWS assessment showed sufficient validity, reliability, and responsiveness in people with hemiparetic stroke. A depth sensor-based RWS evaluation is useful for visualizing and quantifying paretic UE motor function in the clinical setting. PMID: 32048724 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Physical Therapy - February 12, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Okuyama K, Kawakami M, Tsuchimoto S, Ogura M, Okada K, Mizuno K, Ushiba J, Liu M Tags: Phys Ther Source Type: research

Quantifying dosage of physical therapy using lower body kinematics: a longitudinal pilot study on early post-stroke individuals
While therapy is an important part of the recovery process, there is a lack of quantitative data detailing the “dosage” of therapy received due to the limitations on in/outpatient accessibility and mobility. A...
Source: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation - February 7, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Sung Yul Shin, Robert K. Lee, Patrick Spicer and James Sulzer Tags: Research Source Type: research

Telerehabilitation services for stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: While there is now an increasing number of RCTs testing the efficacy of telerehabilitation, it is hard to draw conclusions about the effects as interventions and comparators varied greatly across studies. In addition, there were few adequately powered studies and several studies included in this review were at risk of bias. At this point, there is only low or moderate-level evidence testing whether telerehabilitation is a more effective or similarly effective way to provide rehabilitation. Short-term post-hospital discharge telerehabilitation programmes have not been shown to reduce depressive symptoms, improv...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - January 31, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Laver KE, Adey-Wakeling Z, Crotty M, Lannin NA, George S, Sherrington C Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

Stepping After Stroke: Walking Characteristics in People With Chronic Stroke Differ on the Basis of Walking Speed, Walking Endurance, and Daily Steps.
CONCLUSIONS: Walking characteristics differed on the basis of walking speed, walking endurance, and daily steps. Differences in daily steps between household and community ambulators were largely due to shorter and fewer walking bouts. Assessing and targeting walking bouts may prove useful for increasing stepping after stroke. PMID: 31995194 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Physical Therapy - January 29, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Handlery R, Fulk G, Pellegrini C, Stewart JC, Monroe C, Fritz S Tags: Phys Ther Source Type: research

Modifiable Factors Associated With Poststroke Physical Activity at Discharge From Rehabilitation: Prospective Cohort Study.
CONCLUSION: The results demonstrated that better physical function at discharge from inpatient rehabilitation was associated with future increased levels of physical activity. Additionally, higher levels of motivation impacted on increased physical activity participation. The influence of anxiety on physical activity participation requires further exploration. Mixed-method study designs can be utilized to further understand the factors associated with post-stroke physical activity. PMID: 31995190 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Physical Therapy - January 29, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Thilarajah S, Bower KJ, Hao PY, Tan D, Williams G, Larik A, Wai BC, Koh G, Clark RA Tags: Phys Ther Source Type: research

Exoskeleton for post-stroke recovery of ambulation (ExStRA): study protocol for a mixed-methods study investigating the efficacy and acceptance of an exoskeleton-based physical therapy program during stroke inpatient rehabilitation
The ability to walk is commonly reported as a top rehabilitation priority for individuals after a stroke. However, not all individuals with stroke are able to practice walking, especially those who require mor...
Source: BMC Neurology - January 28, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Dennis R. Louie, William B. Mortenson, Melanie Durocher, Robert Teasell, Jennifer Yao and Janice J. Eng Tags: Study protocol Source Type: research

Beneficial actions of prothymosin alpha-mimetic hexapeptide on central post-stroke pain, reduced social activity, learning-deficit and depression following cerebral ischemia in mice
Publication date: Available online 23 January 2020Source: PeptidesAuthor(s): Keita Sasaki, Sebok Kumar Halder, Hayato Matsunaga, Hiroshi UedaAbstractProthymosin alpha (ProTα)-mimetic hexapeptide (amino acid: NEVDQE, P6Q) inhibits cerebral or retinal ischemia-induced behavioral, electrophysiological and histological damage. P6Q also abolishes cerebral hemorrhage induced by ischemia with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA). In the present study we examined the beneficial effects of P6Q on other post-stroke prognostic psychology-related symptoms, which obstruct the motivation toward physical therapy. Intravenous (i.v.) admini...
Source: Peptides - January 24, 2020 Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

Balance and Gait After First Minor Ischemic Stroke in People 70 Years of Age or Younger: A Prospective Observational Cohort Study.
CONCLUSIONS: This study observed improvements in both balance and gait during the follow-up, still about one third had balance or gait impairments at 12 months post-stroke. Balance in the acute phase predicted impaired balance at 12 months. PMID: 31944247 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Physical Therapy - January 16, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Hamre C, Fure B, Helbostad JL, Wyller TB, Ihle-Hansen H, Vlachos G, Ursin M, Tangen GG Tags: Phys Ther Source Type: research

Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy for Lower Extremity Function: Describing the LE-CIMT Protocol.
Abstract Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy (CIMT) is comprised of a set of techniques shown to produce significant changes in upper extremity (UE) function following stroke and other disorders. The significant positive results obtained with the UE protocol has led to the development of LE-CIMT, an intervention to improve lower extremity (LE) function. However, some modifications of the UE protocol were needed including: omitting use of a restraint device, development of supervised motor training tasks to emphasize movement of the lower limb, and adaptation of the UE Motor Activity Log (MAL) for the lower-extremi...
Source: Physical Therapy - January 3, 2020 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Dos Anjos S, Morris D, Taub E Tags: Phys Ther Source Type: research

Dynavision Normative Data for Healthy Adults: Reaction Test Program.
CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Occupational therapy practitioners can use the normative standards identified in this study in their assessment of clients with visual and cognitive deficits after a brain injury, stroke, or other neurologic pathology. WHAT THIS ARTICLE ADDS: This study's results can be added to the battery of other common evaluation measures that occupational therapists use to evaluate visual and cognitive deficits after neurological impairments. PMID: 32078511 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Occupational Therapy - January 1, 2020 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Blackwell C, Cary K, Holst K, Mandle K, Dryg L, Clemens S, Lemke JH, Castro S, Hendricks E, Kelly R Tags: Am J Occup Ther Source Type: research

Five-repetition sit-to-Stand test among patients post-stroke and healthy-matched controls: the use of different chair types and number of trials.
Conclusion: The 5STSt scores were affected by the physical characteristics of the chair, and an adjusted chair should be used. The APTA recommendation for one trial of the 5STSt is supported by the present results. PMID: 31884844 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - December 29, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Franco J, Quintino LF, Faria CD Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Effects of the introduction of objective criteria for referral and discharge in physical therapy for ischemic stroke in China: a randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: Introduction of a set of rules for referral and therapy input at different stages of rehabilitation partially improved patients' ADL and quality of life, but did not improve motor function. PMID: 31875687 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - December 26, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Xia N, Reinhardt JD, Liu S, Fu J, Ren C, Wang H, Li J Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 165: Effectiveness of Mechanical Horse-Riding Simulators on Postural Balance in Neurological Rehabilitation: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
ena-Anton Mechanical horse-riding simulators consist of a device that mimics the movement of a real horse, generating between 50 and 100 three-dimensional physical movements (forward and back, left and right, up and down). The main objective of this study is to analyze the effectiveness of mechanical horse-riding simulators to improve postural balance in subjects with neurological disorders. The search was conducted during January–March 2019 in PubMed, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), Cochrane, Web of Science, CINAHL, and Scopus. The methodological quality of the studies was evaluated through the ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 25, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Juan G. Dominguez-Romero Assumpta Molina-Aroca Jose A. Moral-Munoz Carlos Luque-Moreno David Lucena-Anton Tags: Review Source Type: research

What ’s the Big Deal about Data in Medtech?
Discussion, “Top 5 Things You Need to Know about the Implantable Internet of Things." Brian Chapman, partner and leader of ZS’s medtech practice of ZS, attributes today’s focus on data to the intersection of two important things: "A general recognition that understanding more and connecting actions with outcomes will provide feedback and understanding that will drive standards of care. This is not new, but as capabilities rise in data collection, aggregation, and synthesize rise, and coupled with machine learning, the promise of data in healthcare is becoming even more ...
Source: MDDI - December 20, 2019 Category: Medical Devices Authors: Daphne Allen Tags: Digital Health Source Type: news

Mobilization for Persons With Acute Stroke: A Survey of Current Physical Therapy Clinical Practice
Conclusions: The frequency of mobilization reported in this survey is less than proposed by the results of the most recent “A Very Early Rehabilitation Trial” (AVERT) after stroke, phase 3 trial. This study found a positive correlation between increased session frequency and recovery of walking at 3 months, survival, and a modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score of 2 or less. Respondents believe additional mobilization would be beneficial, but report barriers to implementation that include increased PT caseloads and lack of resources. Additional research is required to determine the influence of mobilization timing and fre...
Source: The Journal of Acute Care Physical Therapy - December 20, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

Upper Limb Robotic Rehabilitation After Stroke: A Multicenter, Randomized Clinical Trial
Conclusions: Robotic treatment using a set of 4 devices significantly improved UL motor function, activities, and participation in subjects with subacute stroke to the same extent as a similar amount of conventional therapy. Video Abstract is available for more insights from the authors (see the Video, Supplemental Digital Content 1, available at: http://links.lww.com/JNPT/A291).
Source: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy - December 17, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Articles Source Type: research

Central Drive to the Paretic Ankle Plantarflexors Affects the Relationship Between Propulsion and Walking Speed After Stroke
This study sought to elucidate the relationship between the neuromuscular function of the paretic plantarflexor muscles and propulsion deficits across individuals with different walking speeds. Methods: For 40 individuals poststroke, we used instrumented gait analysis and dynamometry coupled with supramaximal electrostimulation to study the interplay between limb kinematics, the neuromuscular function of the paretic plantarflexors (ie, strength capacity and central drive), propulsion, and walking speed. Results: The strength capacity of the paretic plantarflexors was not independently related to paretic propulsion. R...
Source: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy - December 17, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Articles Source Type: research

Clinical Practice Guideline to Improve Locomotor Function Following Chronic Stroke, Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury, and Brain Injury
Discussion: The collective findings suggest that large amounts of task-specific (ie, locomotor) practice may be critical for improvements in walking function, although only at higher cardiovascular intensities or with augmented feedback to increase patient's engagement. Lower-intensity walking interventions or impairment-based training strategies demonstrated equivocal or limited efficacy. Limitations: As walking speed and distance were primary outcomes, the research participants included in the studies walked without substantial physical assistance. This guideline may not apply to patients with limited ambulatory fun...
Source: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy - December 17, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Clinical Practice Guidelines Source Type: research

Factors affecting fear of falls in patients with chronic stroke.
Conclusion: The lower extremity Fugl-Meyer score is associated with fear of falls in patients having chronic stroke. PMID: 31847729 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - December 17, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Yadav T, Bhalerao G, Shyam AK Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Central Drive to the Paretic Ankle Plantarflexors Affects the Relationship Between Propulsion and Walking Speed After Stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: Individuals poststroke have latent paretic plantarflexion strength that they are not able to voluntarily access. The magnitude of central drive deficit is a strong indicator of propulsion impairment in both slow and fast walkers.Video Abstract available for more insights from the authors (see the Video, Supplemental Digital Content 1, available at: http://links.lww.com/JNPT/A298). PMID: 31834220 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Physical Therapy - December 14, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Awad LN, Hsiao H, Binder-Macleod SA Tags: J Neurol Phys Ther Source Type: research

Upper Limb Robotic Rehabilitation After Stroke: A Multicenter, Randomized Clinical Trial.
CONCLUSIONS: Robotic treatment using a set of 4 devices significantly improved UL motor function, activities, and participation in subjects with subacute stroke to the same extent as a similar amount of conventional therapy. Video Abstract is available for more insights from the authors (see the Video, Supplemental Digital Content 1, available at: http://links.lww.com/JNPT/A291). PMID: 31834217 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Physical Therapy - December 14, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Aprile I, Germanotta M, Cruciani A, Loreti S, Pecchioli C, Cecchi F, Montesano A, Galeri S, Diverio M, Falsini C, Speranza G, Langone E, Papadopoulou D, Padua L, Carrozza MC, FDG Robotic Rehabilitation Group Tags: J Neurol Phys Ther Source Type: research

Clinical Practice Guideline to Improve Locomotor Function Following Chronic Stroke, Incomplete Spinal Cord Injury, and Brain Injury.
DISCUSSION: The collective findings suggest that large amounts of task-specific (ie, locomotor) practice may be critical for improvements in walking function, although only at higher cardiovascular intensities or with augmented feedback to increase patient's engagement. Lower-intensity walking interventions or impairment-based training strategies demonstrated equivocal or limited efficacy. LIMITATIONS: As walking speed and distance were primary outcomes, the research participants included in the studies walked without substantial physical assistance. This guideline may not apply to patients with limited ambulatory fun...
Source: Physical Therapy - December 14, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Hornby TG, Reisman DS, Ward IG, Scheets PL, Miller A, Haddad D, Fox EJ, Fritz NE, Hawkins K, Henderson CE, Hendron KL, Holleran CL, Lynskey JE, Walter A, and the Locomotor CPG Appraisal Team Tags: J Neurol Phys Ther Source Type: research

Can the wii fit balance board be used as a fall risk assessment tool among poststroke patients? - Beato MC, Morton E, Iadarola C, Winterberger L, Dawson N.
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of falls can be as high as 73% in the stroke population. Falls occur as a result of multiple factors. Factors such as balance impairments can be improved through physical therapy intervention. However, insurance payers limit the ...
Source: SafetyLit - December 12, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Can the Wii Fit Balance Board be Used as a Fall Risk Assessment Tool among Poststroke Patients?
The prevalence of falls can be as high as 73% in the stroke population. Falls occur as a result of multiple factors. Factors such as balance impairments can be improved through physical therapy intervention. However, insurance payers limit the number of visits per patient. It is crucial to find other ways to assess balance after discharge from rehabilitation.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - December 7, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Morris Casano Beato, Erin Morton, Christopher Iadarola, Lisa Winterberger, Nicole Dawson Source Type: research

Perceived barriers and facilitators for gait-related participation in people after stroke: From a patients' perspective.
Conclusion: People after stroke who were physically able to walk independently still described multiple barriers to gait-related participation in all components of the ICF framework. PMID: 31793365 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - December 3, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: de Rooij IJM, van de Port IGL, van der Heijden LLM, Meijer JG, Visser-Meily JMA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

The Role of Physical Therapists in Fighting the Type 2 Diabetic Epidemic.
This report 1) describes the diabetes epidemic and the health impact of diabetes and diabetes-related complications, 2) highlights the physical therapist's role as front-line provider, and 3) provides recommendations for physical therapists in screening for diabetes risk factors and diabetes-related complications and considerations for patient management. We focus on type 2 diabetes. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther, Epub 28 Nov 2019. doi:10.2519/jospt.2020.9154. PMID: 31775555 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Physical Therapy - November 28, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Harris-Hayes M, Schootman M, Schootman JC, Hastings MK Tags: J Orthop Sports Phys Ther Source Type: research

Effects of Bihemispheric Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation on Upper Extremity Function in Stroke Patients: A randomized Double-Blind Sham-Controlled Study
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a treatment used in the rehabilitation of stroke patients aiming to improve functionality of the plegic upper extremity. Currently, tDCS is not routinely used in post stroke rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to establish the effects of bihemspheric tDCS combined with physical therapy (PT) and occupational therapy (OT) on upper extremity motor function.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - November 4, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Dilek Cetinkaya Alisar, Selin Ozen, Seyhan Sozay Source Type: research

Motor imagery as a complementary technique for functional recovery after stroke: a systematic review.
Conclusions: The use of MI combined with conventional rehabilitation is an effective method for the recovery of functionality after stroke. Due to the great heterogeneity in the scientific literature available, new lines of research are necessary, in order to include well-designed studies of good methodological quality and to establish a consensus regarding the most appropriate protocols. PMID: 31347992 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - July 26, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: López ND, Monge Pereira E, Centeno EJ, Miangolarra Page JC Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Is self or caregiver report comparable to Medicare claims indicators of healthcare utilization after stroke?
Conclusion Healthcare utilization after stroke can be reliably assessed from Medicare claims, Stroke participant, or Caregiver report for salient events such as hospitalizations and Emergency Room visits. Self-report and caregiver report appear to be less reliable for identifying use of therapy or home health services. Caution should be used when interpreting disparities based on self-report data alone in these areas. PMID: 30047841 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - July 26, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Sheehan OC, Prvu-Bettger J, Huang J, Haley WE, David Rhodes J, E Judd S, Kilgore ML, Roth DL Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Excessive sedentary time during in-patient stroke rehabilitation.
Conclusions In this sample of people attending inpatient stroke rehabilitation, institutional structure of rehabilitation rather than patient-related factors contributed to sedentary time. PMID: 29609499 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - April 3, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Barrett M, Snow JC, Kirkland MC, Kelly LP, Gehue M, Downer MB, McCarthy J, Ploughman M Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Bouncing back: Nolan ’s life after stroke
Although he’s only a little over a year old, Nolan Morel is a bona fide charmer. Clad in a red shirt and navy blue suspenders, he flashes a happy grin at his mother, Rosalia; his physician, Dr. Laura Lehman; and the others in the room. “Look at those dimples!” someone coos, and he giggles in response. “I can’t believe how social he’s being,” laughs Rosalia. “He wasn’t always like this.” In fact, Nolan’s first several days of life were anything but lighthearted. Just a few hours after his birth at a hospital north of Boston, he stopped breathing and had to be manually resuscitated and given oxygen. Whe...
Source: Thrive, Children's Hospital Boston - December 7, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jessica Cerretani Tags: Diseases & Conditions Our Patients’ Stories child life Dr. Laura Lehman feeding therapy occupational therapy physical therapy stroke Stroke and Cerebrovascular Center Source Type: news

No Racial Difference in Rehabilitation Therapy Across All Post-Acute Care Settings in the Year Following a Stroke Clinical Sciences
Background and Purpose—Black stroke survivors experience greater poststroke disability than whites. Differences in post-acute rehabilitation may contribute to this disparity. Therefore, we estimated racial differences in rehabilitation therapy utilization, intensity, and the number of post-acute care settings in the first year after a stroke.Methods—We used national Medicare data to study 186 168 elderly black and white patients hospitalized with a primary diagnosis of stroke in 2011. We tabulated the proportion of stroke survivors receiving physical, occupational, and speech and language therapy in each post-acute c...
Source: Stroke - November 27, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Lesli E. Skolarus, Chunyang Feng, James F. Burke Tags: Health Services, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Cadagan: Humor and tenacity after a stroke
Most parents try to discourage their children from indulging in humor about bodily functions like burping. But for Daniel and Lori Hooley, a simple smirk in response to a belch was the sign they needed that their daughter, Cadagan, was going to be okay. It was 2012 and 7-year-old Cadagan was asleep, tucked into bed for the night. Around 11 p.m., she suddenly awoke — but it wasn’t because of a nightmare or a late-night request for a glass of water. Instead, she seemed limp and couldn’t focus. Then she began throwing up. Born with an extremely rare genetic disorder called trisomy 12p, the little girl had already experi...
Source: Thrive, Children's Hospital Boston - November 20, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jessica Cerretani Tags: Diseases & Conditions Our Patients’ Stories Dr. Cameron Trenor Dr. Laura Lehman Dr. Michael Rivkin stroke Stroke and Cerebrovascular Center vasculitis Source Type: news

From Buenos Aires to Boston for pediatric stroke care
Twice a year, Osvaldo and Sol board a plane in Buenos Aires, Argentina. For a week or more, they leave behind their home, their friends, their jobs — and, sometimes, their two daughters, Ines and Clara. But what waits for them, a continent away, is worth it. In Boston, they say, they have found expert care for their son, Francisco. “Francisco was perfectly fine when he was born,” says Sol. “But two days later, we were having trouble waking him up.” Although initially doctors assured the family that his behavior was normal, they quickly transferred him to the neonatal intensive care unit when he began having diffi...
Source: Thrive, Children's Hospital Boston - October 27, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jessica Cerretani Tags: Diseases & Conditions Our Patients’ Stories Dr. Cameron Trenor Dr. Michael Rivkin International Health Services physical therapy stroke Stroke and Cerebrovascular Center Source Type: news

The improvement in respiratory function by inspiratory muscle training is due to structural muscle changes in patients with stroke: a randomized controlled pilot trial.
CONCLUSION: Inspiratory muscle training was effective in improving respiratory function and inducing structural changes, especially in the affected diaphragm. PMID: 29061084 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - October 24, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Cho JE, Lee HJ, Kim MK, Lee WH Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Beliefs of rehabilitation professionals towards guided self-rehabilitation contracts for post stroke hemiparesis.
Conclusions The strategy of asking patients to perform exercises alone, in the practice or at home, is still not accepted by a large proportion of physical therapy professionals as compared with students or with physicians. Most therapists still see a <5-h weekly duration of exercise as sufficient after stroke. Few therapists are ready to utilize the persistence of behavior-induced brain plasticity regardless of age or delay after the lesion. PMID: 28956737 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Marsal C, Gracies JM, Dean C, Mesure S, Bayle N Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Consumer-Based Physical Activity Monitor as a Practical Way to Measure Walking Intensity During Inpatient Stroke Rehabilitation Brief Report
Conclusions—This study provides preliminary evidence that the Fitbit One, when positioned on the nonparetic ankle, can accurately measure walking steps early after stroke during inpatient rehabilitation physical therapy sessions.Clinical Trial Registration—URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01915368.
Source: Stroke - August 28, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Tara D. Klassen, Jennifer A. Semrau, Sean P. Dukelow, Mark T. Bayley, Michael D. Hill, Janice J. Eng Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Brief Reports Source Type: research

The efficacy of treadmill training on balance dysfunction in individuals with chronic stroke: a systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: This review recognized moderate evidence in favor of TT interventions in balance and stroke rehabilitation programs. With TT, intensity may be a more critical factor than specificity and may offer additional carryover to recovery parameters of postural control and balance, beyond gait performance. It is recommended that clinicians utilizing TT incorporate objective measures of balance to assess the potential for skill transference and improvements in balance. Higher quality studies and additional research are needed to denote critical parameters by which improvements in balance may be optimized. PMID: 286...
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - July 7, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Tally Z, Boetefuer L, Kauk C, Perez G, Schrand L, Hoder J Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

The effect of a whole-body vibration therapy on the sitting balance of subacute stroke patients: a randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that WBV therapy led to improvement of the recovery in balance recovery for subacute stroke patients. Because the WBV therapy was as effective as conventional physical therapy, we can consider a WBV therapy as a clinical method to improve the sitting balance of subacute stoke patients. PMID: 28335701 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - March 23, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Lee JH, Kim SB, Lee KW, Lee SJ, Park H, Kim DW Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Effects of low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and neuromuscular electrical stimulation on upper extremity motor recovery in the early period after stroke: a preliminary study.
CONCLUSION: LF-rTMS with or without NMES seems to facilitate the motor recovery in the paretic hand of patients with acute/subacute ischemic stroke. TMS or the combination of TMS + NMES may be a promising additional therapy in upper limb motor training. Further studies with larger numbers of patients are needed to establish their effectiveness in upper limb motor rehabilitation of stroke. PMID: 28327054 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - March 22, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Tosun A, Türe S, Askin A, Yardimci EU, Demirdal SU, Kurt Incesu T, Tosun O, Kocyigit H, Akhan G, Gelal FM Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Comparison of the effects on dynamic balance and aerobic capacity between objective and subjective methods of high-intensity robot-assisted gait training in chronic stroke patients: a randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: High-intensity RAGT at 70% of HRR significantly improved dynamic balance and aerobic capacity more than RAGT at RPE of 15. These results suggest that high-intensity RAGT at 70% of HRR is safe and effective for improving dynamic balance and aerobic capacity in chronic stroke. PMID: 28102113 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - January 19, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Bae YH, Lee SM, Ko M Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Kelsey’s transformation: From stroke survivor to motivational speaker
“When I woke up after my stroke, all I wanted was to be normal again,” recalls Kelsey Tainsh. Normal — as in a healthy teen athlete who could brush her teeth and shower on her own, who wasn’t wheelchair-bound, who wasn’t compelled to hide her paralyzed right hand in her pocket everywhere she went, one who hadn’t lost all of her high school friends except for her two triplet sisters. Now, this world-champion athlete not only learned to walk and talk again but also to embrace her differences. “Our hardest obstacles can be our biggest opportunities,” she says. Kelsey’s first taste of being different came at ...
Source: Thrive, Children's Hospital Boston - March 16, 2016 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Lisa Fratt Tags: Our Patients’ Stories Brain tumor Mark Rockoff R. Michael Scott stroke Source Type: news

Early poststroke rehabilitation using a robotic tilt-table stepper and functional electrical stimulation.
Conclusions. Robotic tilt-table exercise with or without FES is safe and may be more effective in improving leg strength and cerebral blood flow than tilt table alone. PMID: 23691432 [PubMed]
Source: Stroke Research and Treatment - December 2, 2014 Category: Neurology Tags: Stroke Res Treat Source Type: research

Kinesthetic taping improves walking function in patients with stroke: a pilot cohort study.
CONCLUSION: The results of this study indicate that kinesthetic taping of the anterior thigh and knee provides an immediate improvement in walking function in patients with stroke. Such a positive effect on motor function could be a valuable adjunct in physical therapy and rehabilitation of patients with stroke. PMID: 25467397 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - November 1, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Boeskov B, Carver LT, von Essen-Leise A, Henriksen M Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Mental practice and mirror therapy associated with conventional physical therapy training on the hemiparetic upper limb in poststroke rehabilitation: a preliminary study.
CONCLUSIONS: The protocol was effective for improving motor, sensory, and mobility aspects, as well as function involved in activities of daily living. Qualitative changes in symmetry and muscle co-contraction were found, indicating a possible improvement in upper limb rehabilitation of patients with stroke. PMID: 25467396 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - November 1, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: de Almeida Oliveira R, Cintia Dos Santos Vieira P, Fernanda Rodrigues Martinho Fernandes L, Patrizzi LJ, Ferreira de Oliveira S, Aparecida Pascucci Sande de Souza L Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Likelihood of myocardial infarction during stroke rehabilitation preceded by cardiovascular screening and an exercise tolerance test: the Locomotor Experience Applied Post‐Stroke (LEAPS) Trial
ConclusionsThe combination of a negative cardiac screen and the absence of exercise tolerance test failure appeared to have a high negative predictive value for cardiac events during treatment, despite the likelihood of a high prevalence of coronary artery disease in our population.
Source: International Journal of Stroke - August 26, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Stephen E. Nadeau, Dorian Kay Rose, Bruce Dobkin, Samuel S. Wu, Yufeng E. Dai, Richard Schofield, Pamela W. Duncan, Tags: Research Source Type: research

Predictors and Biomarkers of Treatment Gains in a Clinical Stroke Trial Targeting the Lower Extremity Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— A multimodal model incorporating behavioral and fMRI measures best predicted treatment-induced changes in gait velocity in a clinical trial setting. Results also suggest potential use of fMRI measures as biomarkers of treatment gains.
Source: Stroke - July 28, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Burke, E., Dobkin, B. H., Noser, E. A., Enney, L. A., Cramer, S. C. Tags: Exercise/exercise testing/rehabilitation, Other Treatment, Behavioral Changes and Stroke, Computerized tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Rehabilitation, Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Selecting measures for balance and mobility to improve assessment and treatment of individuals after stroke.
This article utilizes a case-based approach to describe the benefits of using a common set of outcome measures and a process for selecting optimal measures across body structure/function, activity, and participation domains of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) model and stages of stroke recovery. Specific measures for use in acute care, rehabilitation, outpatient, and home health care settings are discussed based on StrokEDGE task force recommendations by the Neurology Section of the American Physical Therapy Association. PMID: 25150662 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - July 1, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Kegelmeyer DA, Kloos AD, Siles AB Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research