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Therapy: Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

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Total 16 results found since Jan 2013.

A Serious Diagnosis Lacking Common Symptoms
​BY JENNIFER TUONG; IVAN KHARCHENKO; JEAN LUC AGARD; & AHMED RAZIUDDIN, MDA 65-year-old man who had HIV well-controlled with highly active antiretroviral therapy, hypertension, sciatica, and restless leg syndrome presented to the emergency department with left leg pain. He also had had chemotherapy and radiation for anal cancer. The patient said the pain had started 45 minutes earlier when he was sitting on the toilet.He described the pain as sore in quality and 10/10 on the pain scale. He reported that it had started in his lower back and radiated to his left leg. He said he had had no trauma or weakness to the regi...
Source: The Case Files - May 28, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: research

Cardiovascular disease and use of contemporary protease inhibitors: the D:A:D international prospective multicohort study
Publication date: June 2018Source: The Lancet HIV, Volume 5, Issue 6Author(s): Lene Ryom, Jens D Lundgren, Wafaa El-Sadr, Peter Reiss, Ole Kirk, Matthew Law, Andrew Phillips, Rainer Weber, Eric Fontas, Antonella d' Arminio Monforte, Stéphane De Wit, Francois Dabis, Camilla I Hatleberg, Caroline Sabin, Amanda Mocroft, D:A:D study groupSummaryBackgroundAlthough earlier protease inhibitors have been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, whether this increased risk also applies to more contemporary protease inhibitors is unknown. We aimed to assess whether cumulative use of ritonavir-boosted atazanavir and...
Source: The Lancet HIV - July 10, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

HIV and Cardiovascular Disease: Update on Clinical Events, Special Populations, and Novel Biomarkers
The objective of this review is to provide an update on the link between HIV infection and cardiovascular disease (CVD). We will focus our review mainly on literature describing clinical CVD events and understudied topics of importance.Recent FindingsHeart failure, peripheral artery disease, and stroke are CVD modalities deserving more attention in the context of HIV infection in the highly active antiretroviral therapy era. Incidence data on clinical CVD from HIV populations in low- and middle-income countries are limited. Multisubstance use is common in HIV, but understudied as a moderator or mediator of the association ...
Source: Current HIV/AIDS Reports - June 1, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Cardiovascular disease and use of contemporary protease inhibitors: the D:A:D international prospective multicohort study
Publication date: Available online 3 May 2018 Source:The Lancet HIV Author(s): Lene Ryom, Jens D Lundgren, Wafaa El-Sadr, Peter Reiss, Ole Kirk, Matthew Law, Andrew Phillips, Rainer Weber, Eric Fontas, Antonella d' Arminio Monforte, Stéphane De Wit, Francois Dabis, Camilla I Hatleberg, Caroline Sabin, Amanda Mocroft Background Although earlier protease inhibitors have been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, whether this increased risk also applies to more contemporary protease inhibitors is unknown. We aimed to assess whether cumulative use of ritonavir-boosted atazanavir and ritonavir-boosted daru...
Source: The Lancet HIV - May 15, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

HIV and Cardiovascular Disease: Update on Clinical Events, Special Populations, and Novel Biomarkers
The objective of this review is to provide an update on the link between HIV infection and cardiovascular disease (CVD). We will focus our review mainly on literature describing clinical CVD events and understudied topics of importance.Recent FindingsHeart failure, peripheral artery disease, and stroke are CVD modalities deserving more attention in the context of HIV infection in the highly active antiretroviral therapy era. Incidence data on clinical CVD from HIV populations in low- and middle-income countries are limited. Multisubstance use is common in HIV, but understudied as a moderator or mediator of the association ...
Source: Current HIV/AIDS Reports - May 11, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Editorial Message and Issue Highlights – Vol. 15, No. 1 –2, January-February 2018
Dear Colleagues: Welcome to the January-February 2018 issue of Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience (ICNS). This is a milestone year for us as it marks the beginning of our 15th year of publication! We are pleased to continue serving you, our valued readers and colleagues, by providing peer-reviewed, evidence-based information on the latest innovations in both research and clinical practice in the field of neuroscience. We’d like to thank those dedicated readers who have been with us since 2004, the year we launched the journal, and to welcome new readers who are just discovering ICNS and what it has to offer. We’d als...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - February 1, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: ICN Online Editor Tags: Current Issue Editor's Message: Issue Highlights Source Type: research

Lower-extremity Dynamometry as a Novel Outcome Measure in a Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Feasibility Trial of Intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIG) for HIV-associated Myelopathy
Conclusion: We conclude that an adequately powered clinical trial of IVIG for HIVM would likely require a prolonged recruitment period and multiple participating sites. Lower limb dynamometry is a useful outcome measure for HIVM, which might also be useful in other HIV-related gait disorders. KEYWORDS: Dynamometry, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), myelopathy INTRODUCTION Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated myelopathy (HIVM) is a rare but well-described neurologic complication of HIV; it was first described early in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) epidemic, and i...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - February 1, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: ICN Online Editor Tags: Assessment Tools Current Issue Demyelinating Disease Movement Disorders Neurodegenerative Disease Neurology Original Research Primary Care Technology Trial Methodology Dynamometry human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) intravenous immu Source Type: research

Teaching NeuroImages: HIV-associated cerebral vasculopathy with multiple nodular aneurysms
HIV-associated cerebral vasculopathy with multiple aneurysms has been widely reported in children1 and has to be considered in HIV-infected patients with high CSF viral load, but only few cases in adults have been published so far. Nodular and fusiform aneurysms (figure, A–D) are a typical imaging finding2 that may lead to suspicion of an autoimmune etiology by mimicking polyarteritis nodosa. These aneurysms might carry clinical significance with regard to the risk of subarachnoid or intracerebral hemorrhage, or causing infarction through formation of emboli. Highly active antiretroviral therapy leads to remission of...
Source: Neurology - April 3, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Seiler, A., You, S.-J., Wagner, M., Klein, J. C. Tags: Stroke in young adults, All Imaging, Vasculitis, HIV, All Cerebrovascular disease/Stroke RESIDENT AND FELLOW SECTION Source Type: research

Epidemiology of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome and Cerebrovascular Disease in a Post Antiretroviral Era
People with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) develop ischemic stroke through distinct mechanisms. These include infections such as syphilis, tuberculosis, varicella, and other conditions such as cocaine abuse, endocarditis, and hypercoagulability. The effect of improved awareness, detection, and treatment with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on the incidence and outcome of AIDS patients with stroke is unknown.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - February 8, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Phillip Kucab, Pratik Bhattacharya Source Type: research

A meta-analysis investigating incidence and features of stroke in HIV-infected patients in the highly active antiretroviral therapy era
Conclusion: Stroke represents a relatively common complication in young, HAART-treated HIV patients. Apart from traditional cardiovascular risk factors, HIV-RNA viral load may help to target and manage patients at risk.
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine - October 30, 2015 Category: Cardiology Tags: Stroke in HIV Source Type: research

Carotid artery thickness is associated with chronic use of highly active antiretroviral therapy in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus: A 3.0 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging study
ConclusionsIndividuals with HIV infection on chronic HAART had increased carotid artery wall thickness as compared to similar controls. In subjects with HIV infection, the presence of lipoaccumulation and longer duration of protease inhibitor therapy were associated with greater wall thickness.
Source: HIV Medicine - October 1, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: TM LaBounty, WD Hardy, Z Fan, R Yumul, D Li, R Dharmakumar, A Hernandez Conte Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Stroke in HIV-infected African Americans: a retrospective cohort study
Abstract The risk of having a first stroke is nearly twice as high among African Americans compared to Caucasians. HIV/AIDS is an independent risk factor for stroke. Our study aimed to report the risk factors and short-term clinical outcomes of African Americans with HIV infection and new-onset stroke admitted at the Johns Hopkins Hospitals (2000–2012). Multivariate linear regression was used to examine the association between potential predictors and odds of an unfavorable outcome, defined as a higher modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score on hospital discharge. African Americans comprised 105/125 (84 %) of HIV-inf...
Source: Journal of NeuroVirology - July 9, 2015 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Time trends for risk of severe age-related diseases in individuals with and without HIV infection in Denmark: a nationwide population-based cohort study
Publication date: Available online 27 May 2015 Source:The Lancet HIV Author(s): Line D Rasmussen , Margaret T May , Gitte Kronborg , Carsten S Larsen , Court Pedersen , Jan Gerstoft , Niels Obel Background Whether the reported high risk of age-related diseases in HIV-infected people is caused by biological ageing or HIV-associated risk factors such as chronic immune activation and low-grade inflammation is unknown. We assessed time trends in age-standardised and relative risks of nine serious age-related diseases in a nationwide cohort study of HIV-infected individuals and population controls. Methods We identified all ...
Source: The Lancet HIV - May 28, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

The Changing Epidemiology of Stroke in Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). (I7-1A)
Conclusions:There is an increased frequency of AIDS among stroke patients, possibly due to the increased detection of AIDS. In the HAART era, the median age of incident stroke in AIDS has increased. Whether HAART can reduce the incidence and improve survival of stroke needs to be explored.Disclosure: Dr. Kucab has received personal compensation for activities with Bayer HealthCare as an advisory board participant. Dr. Bhattacharya has nothing to disclose.
Source: Neurology - April 8, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Kucab, P., Bhattacharya, P. Tags: The Global Burden of Neurological Infections: Epidemiology, Treatment, and Prevention Data Blitz Presentations Source Type: research

The Changing Epidemiology of Stroke in Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). (P1.089)
Conclusions:There is an increased frequency of AIDS among stroke patients, possibly due to the increased detection of AIDS. In the HAART era, the median age of incident stroke in AIDS has increased. Whether HAART can reduce the incidence and improve survival of stroke needs to be explored.Disclosure: Dr. Kucab has received personal compensation for activities with Bayer HealthCare as an advisory board participant. Dr. Bhattacharya has nothing to disclose.
Source: Neurology - April 8, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Kucab, P., Bhattacharya, P. Tags: Neuroepidemiology: Cerebrovascular Disease Source Type: research