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Therapy: Corticosteroid Therapy

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Total 138 results found since Jan 2013.

Featured review: Corticosteroids for treating sepsis
The authors reviewed the evidence on the effect on death of using corticosteroids in children and adults with sepsis.Sepsis is present when an infection is complicated by organ failure. People develop rapid breathing, hypotension (low blood pressure), and mental confusion. Sepsis can interfere with the effectiveness of the body ’s corticosteroids, which serve as a key defence against infection. Corticosteroids have been given for decades to people with infection resulting from various causes.The review included 61 trials (12,192 participants). Fifty-eight trials compared corticosteroids to no corticosteroids  (placebo o...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - December 9, 2019 Category: Information Technology Authors: Katie Abbotts Source Type: news

Corticosteroids for treating sepsis in children and adults.
CONCLUSIONS: Moderate-certainty evidence indicates that corticosteroids probably reduce 28-day and hospital mortality among patients with sepsis. Corticosteroids result in large reductions in ICU and hospital length of stay (high-certainty evidence). There may be little or no difference in the risk of major complications; however, corticosteroids increase the risk of muscle weakness and hypernatraemia, and probably increase the risk of hyperglycaemia. The effects of continuous versus intermittent bolus administration of corticosteroids are uncertain. PMID: 31808551 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - December 6, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Annane D, Bellissant E, Bollaert PE, Briegel J, Keh D, Kupfer Y, Pirracchio R, Rochwerg B Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

An unusual cause of acute ischemic stroke: Adult Onset Still ’s Disease
We present a case where acute ischemic stroke secondary to a floating internal carotid artery thrombus was an early manifestation of AOSD. The patient also had prolonged high spiking fevers, sign ificant leucocytosis, arthralgias and transaminitis. He responded well to a high dose of oral corticosteroids and was eventually started on anticoagulation for secondary stroke prevention. To our knowledge, this is the first described case of arterial thrombosis associated with AOSD. We postulate th at thrombocytosis, vasculitis and hypercoagulability from the underlying inflammatory state may have contributed to the ischemic stroke.
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - December 2, 2019 Category: Hematology Source Type: research

Effect of Bronchodilator and Steroid Use on Heart Disease and Stroke Risks in a Bronchiectasis –Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Overlap Cohort: A Propensity Score Matching Study
Conclusions: Compared with patients without bronchiectasis and COPD, BCOS patients with recent SABAs, past ICSs, and past anti-arrhythmia drugs use; a low or medium SABAs ICSs, and OSs dose; and a low SAMAs dose had a higher risk of HDS. LAMAs were not associated with HDS.
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - November 27, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Clinical effectiveness of ultrasound guided subacromial-subdeltoid bursa injection of botulinum toxin type A in hemiplegic shoulder pain: A retrospective cohort study
Hemiplegic shoulder pain (HSP), which occurs in most patients with hemiplegia, causes considerable distress and worsens outcomes in rehabilitation. Although they have received the treatments such as anti-inflammatory drugs or physical therapy, many of the individuals remain suffering from shoulder pain 6 months after acute stroke event. In this retrospective study, we evaluated the effectiveness of ultrasound guided subacromial-subdeltoid (SASD) bursa injections with botulinum toxin type A (BoNT/A) compared to steroids for refractory HSP. The data were collected retrospectively by reviewing the patient's medical records a...
Source: Medicine - November 1, 2019 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research

Biochemical Mechanisms and Translational Relevance of Hippocampal Vulnerability to Distant Focal Brain Injury: The Price of Stress Response
AbstractFocal brain injuries (in particular, stroke and traumatic brain injury) induce with high probability the development of delayed (months, years) cognitive and depressive disturbances which are frequently comorbid. The association of these complications with hippocampal alterations (in spite of the lack of a primary injury of this structure), as well as the lack of a clear dependence between the probability of depression and dementia development and primary damage severity and localization served as the basis for a new hypothesis on the distant hippocampal damage as a key link in the pathogenesis of cognitive and psy...
Source: Biochemistry (Moscow) - November 1, 2019 Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

Prophylaxis of Venous Thromboembolism after Hospital Discharge in Internal Medicine: Findings from the Observational FADOI-NoTEVole Study.
CONCLUSION:  In this study, one in five patients discharged from an Italian IMU received prophylaxis for VTE. The perceived thrombotic risk is significantly related to the use of prophylaxis. PMID: 31634959 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Thrombosis and Haemostasis - October 21, 2019 Category: Hematology Authors: Squizzato A, Agnelli G, Campanini M, Dentali F, Agnelli F, Bonizzoni E, Franco A, Gallo A, Gussoni G, Nitti C, Triolo G, Valerio A, Ventrella F, Fontanella A, FADOI-NoTEVole Study Group Tags: Thromb Haemost Source Type: research

A pragmatic, adaptive clinical trial design for a rare disease: The FOcal Cerebral Arteriopathy Steroid (FOCAS) trial
We present a pragmatic approach to clinical trial design that may inform the approach to other rare disorders.
Source: Contemporary Clinical Trials - October 13, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Yeonhee Park, Heather J. Fullerton, Jordan J. Elm Source Type: research

Acute bacterial meningitis and stroke.
Abstract INTRODUCTION: Acute bacterial meningitis remains a common disease, especially in developing countries. Although advances over the last century have improved mortality and morbidity, the neurological adverse effects remain high. Specifically, acute ischaemic stroke is a serious comorbidity that represents both disease severity and poor prognosis. This review presents the clinical connection between meningitis and stroke, and discusses the neuroinflammatory components that have direct ties between these diseases. STATE OF THE ART: Ischaemic stroke is the direct result of the inflammatory response produ...
Source: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska - August 23, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Siegel J Tags: Neurol Neurochir Pol Source Type: research

Getting the Right Care for Painful Autoimmune Conditions
A corticosteroid can quickly relieve symptoms of both polymyalgia rheumatica and temporal arteritis. But a delay could cause vision loss, a stroke or even death.
Source: NYT Health - August 19, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jane E. Brody Tags: Stroke Steroids Autoimmune Diseases Immune System Source Type: news

The international St-aging system as a prognostic marker in general senior population: Findings from the EPIDOS cohort study.
In conclusion, community-dwelling older women with abnormal ISS had shorter survival time than the others, suggesting that ISS could be considered as a universal prognostic "aging system" rather than a specific MM "staging system". PMID: 31387843 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Internal Medicine - August 3, 2019 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Pouzoullic M, Schott AM, Sánchez-Rodríguez D, Bataille R, Annweiler C, SOCOS group Tags: Eur J Intern Med Source Type: research

Orolingual Angioedema After Tissue Plasminogen Activator Administration in Patients Taking Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors
Orolingual angioedema is a rare adverse effect (1%–5%) of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) that can lead to significant morbidity in patients with acute ischemic stroke. It is thought that increased levels of bradykinin and histamine resulting from tPA administration can result in angioedema. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors can also lead to increased levels of bradykinin and appear to be a risk factor for tPA-associated angioedema. A literature review was conducted to examine previous cases of orolingual angioedema associated with tPA administration in patients also taking ACE inhibitors to better unders...
Source: Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal - July 1, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: APPLIED PHARMACOLOGY Source Type: research

Major publications in critical care pharmacotherapy literature in 2018
ConclusionThis clinical review and expert commentary of impactful critical care pharmacotherapy publications in 2018 provides perspectives and insights for the critical care practitioner.
Source: Journal of Critical Care - May 2, 2019 Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research

Neurological Involvement in Primary Systemic Vasculitis
Conclusion Neurological involvement is a common complication of PSV (Table 1), and neurologists play an important role in the identification and diagnosis of PSV patients with otherwise unexplained neurological symptoms as their chief complaint. This article summarizes the neurological manifestations of PSV and hopes to improve neuroscientists' understanding of this broad range of diseases. TABLE 1 Table 1. Common CNS and PNS involvements of primary systemic vasculitis. Author Contributions SZ conceived the article and wrote the manuscript. DY and GT reviewed and edited the manuscript. All authors ...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - April 26, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Iron Metabolism and Brain Development in Premature Infants
Yafeng Wang1,2,3, Yanan Wu2, Tao Li1,2,3, Xiaoyang Wang2,4 and Changlian Zhu2,3* 1Department of Neonatology (NICU), Children’s Hospital Affiliated Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China 2Henan Key Laboratory of Child Brain Injury, Institute of Neuroscience and Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China 3Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Center for Brain Repair and Rehabilitation, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden 4Department of Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Got...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - April 25, 2019 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Neuroimmunology of Human T-Lymphotropic Virus Type 1-Associated Myelopathy/Tropical Spastic Paraparesis
Conclusion Recent advances in research on HTLV-1 provide better understanding of the molecular pathogenesis and mechanisms of HAM/TSP, and several clinical trials of novel therapies for patients with HAM/TSP have been initiated. However, long-term improvement of motor disability and quality of life still have not been achieved in HAM/TSP patients, and the clinical management remains challenging. Given that HAM/TSP is characterized by activated T-cells in both the periphery and CNS, studies in HAM/TSP will be highly informative for clarifying the pathogenesis of other neuroinflammatory disorders such as multiple sclerosis....
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - April 24, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Primary Sj ögren's Syndrome: Does Inflammation Matter?
Conclusions The markers of endothelial activation and damage and of chronic inflammation investigated until now failed to result predictors of subclinical atherosclerosis or to be associated with increased risk of CV events in SS patients. This may suggest that other mechanisms are implicated with increased prevalence of subclinical atherosclerosis in SS or that these biomarkers exert a different mechanism in the pathogenesis of endothelial damage and in the induction of atherosclerosis. Surely, the relationship between the disease itself and inflammatory and immune dysfunction factors is quite complex and still to be cla...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - April 17, 2019 Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

Risk Factors for Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events in Phase III and Long ‐Term Extension Studies of Tofacitinib in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis
ConclusionIn this post ‐hoc analysis, after 24 weeks of tofacitinib, increased HDL‐c, but not increases in LDL‐c or TC, appeared to be associated with lower future MACE risk. Further data are needed to test the cardiovascular safety of tofacitinib.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Arthritis and Rheumatology - April 17, 2019 Category: Rheumatology Authors: Christina Charles ‐Schoeman, Ryan DeMasi, Hernan Valdez, Koshika Soma, Lie‐Ju Hwang, Mary G. Boy, Pinaki Biswas, Iain B. McInnes Tags: Full Length Source Type: research

Stroke and temporal arteritis: A study of 6 cases
ConclusionsStroke caused by giant cell arteritis is a serious and potentially severe condition which requires a high level of suspicion and early treatment with corticosteroids. New diagnostic techniques contribute to refining patient assessment and identifying the optimal treatment. Endovascular treatment may be a valid therapeutic option in selected patients.ResumenIntroducciónAunque la asociación de arteritis de la temporal e ictus isquémico no es frecuente, su diagnóstico y su manejo posterior plantean serias dificultades, requiriendo un alto índice de sospecha.MétodosAnalizamos una serie de 6 pacientes con arter...
Source: Neurologia - April 13, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Plant-Derived Alkaloids: The Promising Disease-Modifying Agents for Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Conclusion This paper summarizes the current findings regarding the anti-colitis activity of plant-derived alkaloids and shows how these alkaloids exhibit significant and beneficial effects in alleviating colonic inflammation. These natural alkaloids are not only promising agents for IBD treatment but are also components for developing new wonder drugs. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms or toxicological evaluation of most plant-derived alkaloids still require much scientific research, and their actual efficacies for IBD patients have not been verified well in field research. Thus, further clinical trials to elu...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - April 12, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Safety of CT ‐guided cervical nerve root corticosteroid injections
ConclusionThe overall recorded rate of minor complications with CT ‐guided nerve root injection was 4.0% with no major neurovascular complications, suggesting that CT‐guided transforaminal cervical corticosteroid injection is a safe procedure.
Source: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology - March 12, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Matthew W Lukies, Wesley WH Teoh, Warren Clements Tags: Medical Imaging —Original Article Source Type: research

Long-term effect of thymectomy plus prednisone versus prednisone alone in patients with non-thymomatous myasthenia gravis: 2-year extension of the MGTX randomised trial
Publication date: Available online 25 January 2019Source: The Lancet NeurologyAuthor(s): Gil I Wolfe, Henry J Kaminski, Inmaculada B Aban, Greg Minisman, Hui-Chien Kuo, Alexander Marx, Philipp Ströbel, Claudio Mazia, Joel Oger, J Gabriel Cea, Jeannine M Heckmann, Amelia Evoli, Wilfred Nix, Emma Ciafaloni, Giovanni Antonini, Rawiphan Witoonpanich, John O King, Said R Beydoun, Colin H Chalk, Alexandru C BarboiSummaryBackgroundThe Thymectomy Trial in Non-Thymomatous Myasthenia Gravis Patients Receiving Prednisone (MGTX) showed that thymectomy combined with prednisone was superior to prednisone alone in improving clinical sta...
Source: The Lancet Neurology - January 26, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

New concepts on acute ocular ischemia
Purpose of review To review recent advances in the management of acute ocular ischemic events, including: transient monocular vision loss, central and branch retinal artery occlusions, and nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy. Recent findings Transient monocular vision loss and acute retinal arterial occlusions require immediate diagnosis and management, with recognition of these events as transient ischemic attack or stroke equivalents, respectively. Patients should undergo an immediate stroke workup in a stroke center, similar to patients with acute cerebral ischemia. The treatment of central retinal arte...
Source: Current Opinion in Neurology - January 13, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: CEREBROVASCULAR DISEASE: Edited by Didier Leys Source Type: research

Atypical calcific tendinitis involving the long biceps tendon: A rare cause of hemiplegic shoulder pain.
CONCLUSION: This is the first report on atypical calcific tendinitis involving the LBT causing hemiplegic shoulder pain after a stroke. PMID: 30507560 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation - December 7, 2018 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil Source Type: research

Does adjunctive corticosteroid and aspirin therapy improve the outcome of tuberculous meningitis ?
Conclusion: Aspirin with corticosteroid adjunctive treatment seems to be beneficial in reducing mortality in TBM.
Source: Neurology India - November 28, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Usha Kant Misra Jayantee Kalita Betai Sagar Sanjeev Kumar Bhoi Source Type: research

Bleeding Related Episodes, Thrombotic Events and Platelet Counts Among Immune Thrombocytopenia Patients Receiving Second Line Therapy
CONCLUSIONS: This retrospective real world evidence study compares mean platelet response and burden of both BREs and TEs in ITP patients treated with different second-line treatments. Although there were significant differences in mean platelet counts achieved with the second-line treatments, TEs were observed with similar incidence across all treatments. Patients who received splenectomy had the highest mean platelet counts and also the highest proportion of patients who experienced TEs, though differences in TEs did not reach statistical significance. Incidence proportion of patients with BREs was lower in patients trea...
Source: Blood - November 21, 2018 Category: Hematology Authors: Said, Q., Lal, L. S., Andrade, K., Nezami, B., Graves, J. A., Roy, A., Cuker, A. Tags: 311. Disorders of Platelet Number or Function: Poster II Source Type: research

Late Breaking Abstract - Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS), blood eosinophils (EOS), and FEV1 decline in patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in a large UK primary healthcare setting
Conclusions: Regardless of blood EOS level, ICS-containing medication is associated with slower rates of FEV1 decline in COPD patients.Funding: GSK study 208602
Source: European Respiratory Journal - November 19, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Whittaker, H., Mullerova, H., Jarvis, D., Barnes, N., Jones, P., Compton, C., Kiddle, S., Quint, J. Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Functional Neurochemistry of the Ventral and Dorsal Hippocampus: Stress, Depression, Dementia and Remote Hippocampal Damage.
Abstract The hippocampus is not a homogeneous brain area, and the complex organization of this structure underlies its relevance and functional pleiotropism. The new data related to the involvement of the ventral hippocampus in the cognitive function, behavior, stress response and its association with brain pathology, in particular, depression, are analyzed with a focus on neuroplasticity, specializations of the intrinsic neuronal network, corticosteroid signaling through mineralocorticoid and glucocorticoid receptors and neuroinflammation in the hippocampus. The data on the septo-temporal hippicampal gradient are...
Source: Neurochemical Research - October 24, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Gulyaeva NV Tags: Neurochem Res Source Type: research

Interventionist versus expectant care for severe pre-eclampsia between 24 and 34 weeks' gestation.
CONCLUSIONS: This review suggested that an expectant approach to the management of women with severe early onset pre-eclampsia may be associated with decreased morbidity for the baby. However, this evidence was based on data from only six trials. Further large, high-quality trials are needed to confirm or refute these findings, and establish if this approach is safe for the mother. PMID: 30289565 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - October 5, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Churchill D, Duley L, Thornton JG, Moussa M, Ali HS, Walker KF Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

Effect of the asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease syndrome on the stroke, Parkinson's disease, and dementia: a national cohort study.
Conclusions: The ACOS cohort had a higher risk of the neurodegenerative diseases. The lower dose of the inhaler corticosteroids with cumulative dose ≧0.13 gram have the less risk of stroke and dementia. PMID: 29552322 [PubMed]
Source: Oncotarget - March 20, 2018 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research

Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension Progressing to Venous Sinus Thrombosis, Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, and Stroke
We describe a young woman with typical IIH who underwent lumbar puncture and was treated with a short course of high-dose corticosteroids followed by acetazolamide. She subsequently developed CVST, subarachnoid hemorrhage, and stroke. Risk factors that may have resulted in CVST are discussed.
Source: Journal of Neuro-Ophthalmology - February 22, 2018 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Clinical Observation Source Type: research

Recognition of giant cell arteritis in patients with polymyalgia rheumatica who have a stroke: a cautionary tale
Abstract An 82‐year‐old woman with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) on prednisone 7 mg daily was admitted to an acute stroke unit with a right homonymous hemianopia, a left posterior cerebral artery occlusion and occipital lobe infarct. She had raised inflammatory markers, did not have a temporal artery biopsy, and was discharged on the same dose of prednisone. After 21 months, off prednisone, her ophthalmologist, concerned about giant cell arteritis (GCA), restarted prednisone 40 mg daily, with rapid, profound visual improvement. After 3 days her general practitioner, noting normal baseline inflammatory markers, stopp...
Source: Internal Medicine Journal - October 9, 2017 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Donald H. Gutteridge, Frank L. Mastaglia Tags: Brief Communication Source Type: research

Focal Cerebral Arteriopathy Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Corticosteroid treatment may provide additional benefit over AT for improved neurological outcome in childhood AIS because of focal cerebral arteriopathy. Larger prospective studies are warranted to further investigate these differences and understand mechanisms by which steroids modify outcome.
Source: Stroke - August 28, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Maȷa Steinlin, Sandra Bigi, Belinda Stoȷanovski, Jay Gaȷera, Maria Regenyi, Marwan El–Koussy, Mark T. Mackay Tags: Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Neurotoxocariasis, a treatable infectious etiology of Stroke (P3.318)
Conclusions:Toxocara infection is an uncommon but treatable etiology of stroke, and should be particularly considered in patients with eosinophilia, positive serology, myocarditis and embolic strokes.Disclosure: Dr. Garcia Monco has nothing to disclose. Dr. Azkune Calle has nothing to disclose. Dr. Ruisanchez nieva has nothing to disclose. Dr. Anguizola Tamayo has nothing to disclose. Dr. Pardina Vilella has nothing to disclose. Dr. Bocos Portillo has nothing to disclose. Dr. Gomez-Beldarrain has nothing to disclose.
Source: Neurology - April 17, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Monco, J. G., Calle, I. A., nieva, A. R., Tamayo, D. A., Vilella, L. P., Portillo, J. B., Gomez-Beldarrain, M. Tags: Fungal and Parasitic Disease of the Nervous System Source Type: research

Prophylactic antibiotic treatment in severe acute ischemic stroke: the A ntimicrobial chemop R rophylaxis for I schemic ST rok E I n Mace D on I a –Thrace S tudy (ARISTEIDIS)
AbstractInfections represent a leading cause of mortality in patients with acute ischemic stroke, but it is unclear whether prophylactic antibiotic treatment improves the outcome. We aimed to evaluate the effects of this treatment on infection incidence and short-term mortality. This was a pragmatic, prospective multicenter real-world analysis of previously independent consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke who were>18  years, and who had at admission National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS)>11. Patients with infection at admission or during the preceding month, with axillary temperature at admiss...
Source: Internal and Emergency Medicine - September 22, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Neutrophils/Lymphocytes Ratio and Platelets/Lymphocytes Ratio and Its Relationship with Severity and Functional Prognosis in Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke (P5.235)
CONCLUSIONS N/L ratio and P/L ratio at hospital admission have a positive correlation with the severity and functional prognosis of patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke. Due to its simple determination, affordable and safe, they could become severity and functional prognostic parameters in the initial evaluation of patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke in the future.Disclosure: Dr. Perez has nothing to disclose. Dr. Casas has nothing to disclose. Dr. Tourreilles has nothing to disclose. Dr. Gonzalez has nothing to disclose. Dr. Gimenez has nothing to disclose. Dr. Cabrera has nothing to disclose. Dr. Mattiazzi has nothing to disclose.
Source: Neurology - April 4, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Perez, A., Casas, S., Tourreilles, M., Gonzalez, C., Gimenez, J., Cabrera, L., Mattiazzi, M. Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease: Biomarkers Source Type: research

Ultrasound-guided corticosteroid injections for adhesive capsulitis more effective than placebo
Commentary on: Prestgaard T, Wormgoor ME, Haugen S, et al.. Ultrasound-guided intra-articular and rotator interval corticosteroid injections in adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder: a double-blind, sham-controlled randomized study. Pain 2015;156:1683–91. Context Adhesive capsulitis (frozen shoulder or painful stiff shoulder) is relatively common. It is idiopathic: known associated factors include trauma, diabetes, prolonged immobilisation, age, stroke and autoimmune disease. While self-limited, pain and decreased range of motion can last up to 2–3 years. Therefore, there is practical value in therapeutic in...
Source: Evidence-Based Medicine - March 22, 2016 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Lebrun, C. M. Tags: Rehabilitation medicine, Immunology (including allergy), Pain (neurology), Stroke, Radiology, Degenerative joint disease, Musculoskeletal syndromes, Osteoarthritis, Sports and exercise medicine, Clinical diagnostic tests, Radiology (diagnostics), Screenin Source Type: research

Traditional Chinese Medicine Decreases the Stroke Risk of Systemic Corticosteroid Treatment in Dermatitis: A Nationwide Population-Based Study.
This study identified 235,220 dermatitis patients and same comorbidity matched subjects between 2000 and 2009 from database of NHRI in Taiwan. The two cohorts were followed until December 31, 2011. The primary outcome of interest was new diagnosis of stroke. The crude hazard ratio (HR) for future stroke among dermatitis patients treated with systemic corticosteroid was 1.40 (95% CI, 1.34-1.45; P < 0.0001) and TCM was 1.09 (95% CI, 1.05-1.13; P < 0.0001). The log-rank test showed a higher cumulative incidence of ischemic stroke in the patient treated with only systemic corticosteroid group than that treated with syste...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - November 1, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research

Report of cold agglutinins in a patient with acute ischemic stroke
Conclusion: We report here the first case of cerebral infarction probably due to the cold agglutinin disease. The underlying mechanism of cold agglutinins in the pathogenesis of acute ischemic stroke needs to be investigated further.
Source: BMC Neurology - October 30, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Haiqiang JinWei SunYongan SunYining HuangYunchuang Sun Source Type: research

Prevention of Stroke in Rheumatoid Arthritis
Abstract The risk of cerebrovascular disease is increased among rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and remains an underserved area of medical need. Only a minor proportion of RA patients achieve suitable stroke prevention. Classical cardiovascular risk factors appear to be under-diagnosed and undertreated among patients with RA. Reducing the inflammatory burden is also necessary to lower the cardiovascular risk. An adequate control of disease activity and cerebrovascular risk assessment using national guidelines should be recommended for all patients with RA. For patients with a documented history of cerebrovascu...
Source: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports - October 20, 2015 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

P-006 evaluation of baseline ct aspects and admission neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio in perfusion-guided selected ica/mca stroke patients for endovascular reperfusion therapy
ConclusionsIn our cohort, baseline CT ASPECTS inversely correlated with admission NLR in anterior circulation AIS patients who had favorable perfusion imaging profile for IA reperfusion therapy. Additionally, in this subgroup of patients, NLR of 5 or less discriminated favorable from unfavorable ASPECTS.DisclosuresA. Honarmand: None. A. Shaibani: None. F. Syed: None. A. Elmokadem: None. M. Hurley: None. S. Ansari: None.
Source: Journal of NeuroInterventional Surgery - July 26, 2015 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Honarmand, A., Shaibani, A., Syed, F., Elmokadem, A., Hurley, M., Ansari, S. Tags: SNIS 12th Annual Meeting Oral Poster Abstracts Source Type: research

Tocilizumab for Treating Takayasu's Arteritis and Associated Stroke: A Case Series and Updated Review of the Literature
Takayasu's arteritis (TA) is a rare inflammatory disease that can result in stroke. Treatment of patients with TA requires prolonged use of corticosteroids (CS). We assessed the effectiveness of tocilizumab (TCZ) in inducing disease remission and reducing CS doses in patients with TA.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - April 10, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Mohammed Osman, Derek Emery, Elaine Yacyshyn Source Type: research

Changing course of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) after stroke: Excessive disease activity in a MS patient after cerebral infarction (P1.122)
CONCLUSIONS: This is a rare case of MS exacerbation after stroke in a patient with long-standing MS. The clear temporal relation with an increase of MS disease activity after stroke suggests possible interactions. One explanation could be an opening of the blood brain barrier after stroke with influx of activated immune cells into the central nervous system and consecutive MS exacerbation.Disclosure: Dr. Poellmann has received personal compensation for activities with Pfizer Inc., Novartis, Biogen Idec, and Merck Serono. Dr. Starck has nothing to disclose. Dr. Kümpfel has received personal compensation for activities ...
Source: Neurology - April 8, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Poellmann, W., Starck, M., Kuempfel, T., Koehler, J. Tags: MS and CNS Inflammatory Diseases: Symptoms, Specific Symptomatic Treatment, Co-morbidities, and Costs Source Type: research

Steroid responsive encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroiditis (SREAT) with stroke like symptoms. A case report. (P5.104)
Conclusion: Clinicians should consider SREAT in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with stroke like symptoms/vasculitis especially if investigations fail to establish a diagnosis.Disclosure: Dr. Javalkar has nothing to disclose. Dr. Abbas has nothing to disclose. Dr. Harris has nothing to disclose.
Source: Neurology - April 8, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Javalkar, V., Abbas, S., Harris, M. Tags: Edema, Encephalopathy, and Encephalitis Source Type: research

Aggressive Medical Care in Young Chinese Patients with Ischemic Stroke of Undetermined Etiology: A Retrospective Study
This study aimed to investigate the clinical and angiographic characteristics of ischemic stroke of undetermined etiology in young Chinese adults and to observe the effects of medication on their long-term outcomes. Methods: A total of 179 consecutive young patients with ischemic stroke of undetermined etiology were retrospectively analyzed for clinical and angiographic characteristics, laboratory tests, the choice of drug treatment, and follow-up outcomes. Any predictive power for recurrent stroke and new lesions or aggravated stenosis was analyzed. Results: 170 patients were clinically followed up for a median of 25 mont...
Source: Interventional Neurology - December 8, 2014 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

SMART syndrome: Stroke-like migraine attack after radiation therapy
A 57-year-old woman presented with intense headache 13 years after cranioplasty and radiation treatment for occipital osteosarcoma. Examination showed anomia and paraphasic errors, right homonymous hemianopia, and dysmetria of the right arm. MRI during hospitalization demonstrated diffuse pathologic enhancement in the left parieto-occipital lobe (figure, A) and extensive gyral edema (figure, B and C). EEG while she was symptomatic showed left-predominant posterior quadrant slowing without epileptiform abnormalities. She was diagnosed with stroke-like migraine attacks after radiation therapy (SMART) syndrome and treated wit...
Source: Nature Clinical Practice - December 8, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Wang, N., Prasad, S. Tags: All Headache, MRI, Radiation therapy-tumor Cases Source Type: research

Increased Stroke Risk Among Adult Asthmatic Patients
ConclusionAsthma may be an independent risk factor for stroke, and its severity exhibits a dose response of stroke development.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: European Journal of Clinical Investigation - September 10, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Wei‐Sheng Chung, Cheng‐Li Lin, Yung‐Fu Chen, Feng‐Ming Ho, Wu‐Huei Hsu, Chia‐Hung Kao Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

European Stroke Organisation (ESO) guidelines for the management of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage
ConclusionThese guidelines inform the management of ICH based on evidence for the effects of treatments in RCTs. Outcome after ICH remains poor, prioritizing further RCTs of interventions to improve outcome.
Source: International Journal of Stroke - August 1, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Thorsten Steiner, Rustam Al‐Shahi Salman, Ronnie Beer, Hanne Christensen, Charlotte Cordonnier, Laszlo Csiba, Michael Forsting, Sagi Harnof, Catharina J. M. Klijn, Derk Krieger, A. David Mendelow, Carlos Molina, Joan Montaner, Karsten Overgaard, Jesper Tags: Guidelines Source Type: research

Differential effects of sympathetic nervous system and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis on systemic immune cells after severe experimental stroke.
In conclusion, mediators of the SNS and the HPA axis differentially affect the systemic immune system after stroke. Moreover, our findings suggest a negative-feedback of corticosteroids on the sympathetic axis which may control the post-stroke stress-reaction. This complex interplay between the HPA and the SNS after stroke has to be considered when targeting the neurohormonal systems in the post acute phase of severe stroke. PMID: 24886966 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - May 30, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Mracsko E, Liesz A, Karcher S, Zorn M, Bari F, Veltkamp R Tags: Brain Behav Immun Source Type: research

Listeria monocytogenes Meningoencephalitis Mimicking Stroke in a Patient with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Conclusion The supratentorial focal lesions secondary to Listeria meningoencephalitis are rare. The cases with focal neurological signs without fever at onset can resemble stroke.
Source: Neurology and Therapy - December 1, 2013 Category: Neurology Source Type: research