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Total 1422 results found since Jan 2013.

Use of statins for the secondary prevention of stroke: are we respecting the scientific evidences?
Background: Stroke accounts for approximately as 5.0% of disability-adjusted years of life and 10.0% of all deaths worldwide. Secondary stroke prevention in surviving individuals, which includes the use of statins, reduces atherothrombotic stroke recurrence, complications and mortality. The present study aimed to characterize the Brazilian population with stroke history and estimate the prevalence of statin use as secondary prevention.Methods: This is a population-based cross-sectional study conducted in Brazilian urban areas.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - July 15, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Jo ão Paulo Vilela Rodrigues, Lucas Borges Pereira, Maria Olívia Barboza Zanetti, Andréia Turmina Fontanella, Nereida Kilza da Costa Lima, Sotero Serrate Mengue, Leonardo Régis Leira Pereira Source Type: research

Statin Pretreatment Might Be Associated with Decreased Myocardial Injury After Ischemic Stroke
In this study, we aimed at investigating the association between statin pretreatment and poststroke myocardial injury. Methods: Six hundred seventy-one patients diagnosed as acute ischemic stroke were enrolled. According to the histories of statin pretreatment before stroke, patients were categorized into nonstatin (n  = 474) and statin groups (n = 197), with the latter further divided into low-dosage, standard-dosage, and high-dosage subgroups according the dosages of statins.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - February 20, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Ke-Wu Wang, Chao Feng, Yin-Fei Wu, Jing Huang, Wen-Bo Xiao, Shu-Dong Xia Source Type: research

Apolipoproteins B and A1 in Ischemic Stroke Subtypes
Introduction: Elevated serum apolipoprotein B and the apolipoprotein B/A1 ratio have been associated with ischemic stroke and intracranial atherosclerotic disease. We sought to assess the relationship between serum levels of apolipoprotein B, apolipoprotein A1, and the apolipoprotein B/A1 ratio with ischemic stroke subtypes and large artery atherosclerosis location. Materials and Methods: We evaluated serum apolipoprotein B and apolipoprotein A1 levels in consecutive, statin-na ïve, adult ischemic stroke patients admitted to an academic medical center in southern India.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - February 9, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Rizwan Kalani, Soumya Krishnamoorthy, D. Deepa, Srinivas Gopala, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, David Tirschwell, P.N. Sylaja Source Type: research

Statin Therapy in Ischemic Stroke Models: A Meta-Analysis
AbstractStatins, drugs known for lipid lowering capabilities and reduction of cardiovascular disease, have demonstrated neuroprotective effects following ischemic stroke in retrospective clinical and animal studies. However, dosing (methods, time, type of statin, and quantity) varies across studies, limiting the clinical applicability of these findings. Furthermore, a comprehensive review of statins in edema and blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown is needed to provide insight on diverse, less explored neuroprotective effects. In the present study, we conduct a meta-analysis of publications evaluating statin administration ...
Source: Translational Stroke Research - December 1, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Association of CYP3A4*1G and CYP3A5*3 With the 1-year Outcome of Acute Ischemic Stroke in the Han Chinese Population
Background and purpose: Previous studies have shown that common variants within CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 are associated with statin pharmacokinetics and the risk of cardiovascular disease. However, the association of variants in CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 with the prognosis of ischemic stroke remains undetermined. Therefore, we investigated this herein. Methods: Four hundred thirty-three consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke were recruited. The outcome at the 1-year follow-up was assessed using the modified Rankin Scale (mRS).
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - May 3, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Shuo Li, Chang-he Shi, Xin-jing Liu, Yu-sheng Li, Shao-hua Li, Bo Song, Yu-ming Xu Source Type: research

Statin Use and the Risk of Dementia in Patients with Stroke: A Nationwide Population-Based Cohort Study
Background: Patients with stroke have an increased risk of  dementia. Some studies have found that statin use might lower the risk of incident dementia; however, there is still a lack of data from patients with stroke. Therefore, the aim of our study was to investigate the impact of statin use on the risk of dementia in patients with stroke.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - August 6, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Mei-Lien Pan, Chien-Chi Hsu, Yi-Min Chen, Hui-Kung Yu, Gwo-Chi Hu Source Type: research

Role of Blood Lipids in the Development of Ischemic Stroke and its Subtypes Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—LDL cholesterol lowering is likely to prevent large artery atherosclerosis but may not prevent small artery occlusion nor cardioembolic strokes. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol elevation may lead to benefits in small artery disease prevention. Finally, triglyceride lowering may not yield benefits in ischemic stroke and its subtypes.
Source: Stroke - March 26, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: George Hindy, Gunnar Engstrom, Susanna C. Larsson, Matthew Traylor, Hugh S. Markus, Olle Melander, Marȷu Orho–Melander Tags: Lipids and Cholesterol, Risk Factors, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Desirable Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol Levels for Preventing Stroke Recurrence Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—The composite risk of stroke and transient ischemic attack reduced in the postrandomized LDL cholesterol level of 80 to 100 mg/dL after adjusting for statin usage.Clinical Trial Registration—URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00221104.
Source: Stroke - March 26, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Naohisa Hosomi, Kazuo Kitagawa, Yoji Nagai, Yoko Nakagawa, Shiro Aoki, Tomohisa Nezu, Tatsuo Kagimura, Hirofumi Maruyama, Hideki Origasa, Kazuo Minematsu, Shinichiro Uchiyama, Masayasu Matsumoto Tags: Lipids and Cholesterol, Secondary Prevention, Treatment Original Contributions Source Type: research

Letter by Scheitz et al Regarding Article, “Randomized Controlled Trial of Early Versus Delayed Statin Therapy in Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke: ASSORT Trial (Administration of Statin on Acute Ischemic Stroke Patient)” Letter to the Editor
Source: Stroke - February 26, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Jan F. Scheitz, Kennedy R. Lees, Matthias Endres Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke, Neuroprotectants Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Response by Yoshimura et al to Letter Regarding Article, “Randomized Controlled Trial of Early Versus Delayed Statin Therapy in Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke: ASSORT Trial (Administration of Statin on Acute Ischemic Stroke Patient)” Letter to the Editor
Source: Stroke - February 26, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Shinichi Yoshimura, Kazutaka Uchida, Takeshi Morimoto Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke, Neuroprotectants Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Association of Osteopontin, Neopterin, and Myeloperoxidase With Stroke Risk in Patients With Prior Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attacks Clinical Sciences
Background and Purpose—Established risk factors do not fully identify patients at risk for recurrent stroke. The SPARCL trial (Stroke Prevention by Aggressive Reduction in Cholesterol Levels) evaluated the effect of atorvastatin on stroke risk in patients with a recent stroke or transient ischemic attack and no known coronary heart disease. This analysis explored the relationships between 13 plasma biomarkers assessed at trial enrollment and the occurrence of outcome strokes.Methods—We conducted a case–cohort study of 2176 participants; 562 had outcome strokes and 1614 were selected randomly from those without outcom...
Source: Stroke - November 27, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Peter Ganz, Pierre Amarenco, Larry B. Goldstein, Henrik Sillesen, Weihang Bao, Gregory M. Preston, K. Michael A. Welch Tags: Biomarkers, Proteomics, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Statins and the Risk of Intracerebral Hemorrhage in Patients With Previous Ischemic Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Statin use was not associated with an increased risk of ICH among patients with a previous history of IS/TIA.
Source: Stroke - November 27, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: David Gaist, Larry B. Goldstein, Lucia Cea Soriano, Luis Alberto Garcia Rodriguez Tags: Secondary Prevention, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) Original Contributions Source Type: research

Statins for Neuroprotection After Acute Ischemic Stroke Editorial
Source: Stroke - October 23, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Peter Kelly, Shyam Prabhakaran Tags: Ischemic Stroke, Neuroprotectants Editorials Source Type: research

One-Year Outcomes After Minor Stroke or High-Risk Transient Ischemic Attack Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Contemporary secondary stroke prevention strategies based on thorough diagnostic evaluation may contribute to the low subsequent vascular event rates observed in real-world clinical practice in Korea.
Source: Stroke - October 23, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Hong-Kyun Park, Beom Joon Kim, Moon-Ku Han, Jong-Moo Park, Kyusik Kang, Soo Joo Lee, Jae Guk Kim, Jae-Kwan Cha, Dae-Hyun Kim, Hyun-Wook Nah, Tai Hwan Park, Sang-Soon Park, Kyung Bok Lee, Jun Lee, Keun-Sik Hong, Yong-Jin Cho, Byung-Chul Lee, Kyung-Ho Yu, M Tags: Quality and Outcomes, Ischemic Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) Original Contributions Source Type: research

Randomized Controlled Trial of Early Versus Delayed Statin Therapy in Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Our randomized trial involving patients with acute ischemic stroke and dyslipidemia did not show any superiority of early statin therapy within 24 hours of admission compared with delayed statin therapy 7 days after admission to alleviate the degree of disability at 90 days after onset.Clinical Trial Registration—URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02549846.
Source: Stroke - October 23, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Shinichi Yoshimura, Kazutaka Uchida, Takashi Daimon, Ryuzo Takashima, Kazuhiro Kimura, Takeshi Morimoto, on behalf of ASSORT Trial Investigator* Tags: Clinical Studies, Lipids and Cholesterol, Treatment, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Effects of Statin Intensity and Adherence on the Long-Term Prognosis After Acute Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—After acute ischemic stroke, high-intensity statin therapy with good adherence was significantly associated with a lower risk of adverse events.
Source: Stroke - September 25, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Jinkwon Kim, Hye Sun Lee, Chung Mo Nam, Ji Hoe Heo Tags: Secondary Prevention, Compliance/Adherence, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

PCSK9 Loss-of-Function Variants, Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol, and Risk of Coronary Heart Disease and Stroke: Data From 9 Studies of Blacks and Whites Original Articles
Conclusions— PCSK9 LOF variants were associated with lower LDL-C and coronary heart disease incidence. PCSK9 LOF variants were not associated with stroke risk.
Source: Circulation: Cardiovascular Genetics - August 2, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Kent, S. T., Rosenson, R. S., Avery, C. L., Chen, Y.-D. I., Correa, A., Cummings, S. R., Cupples, L. A., Cushman, M., Evans, D. S., Gudnason, V., Harris, T. B., Howard, G., Irvin, M. R., Judd, S. E., Jukema, J. W., Lange, L., Levitan, E. B., Li, X., Liu, Tags: Lipids and Cholesterol, Genetic, Association Studies, Myocardial Infarction, Meta Analysis, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Articles Source Type: research

Challenges in the Medical Management of Symptomatic Intracranial Stenosis in an Urban Setting Clinical Sciences
Background and Purpose—Since the SAMMPRIS trial (Stenting and Aggressive Medical Management for Preventing Recurrent Stroke in Intracranial Stenosis), aggressive medical management (AMM), which includes dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) and high-dose statin (HDS) therapy, is recommended for patients with symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic disease. However, limited data on the real-world application of this regimen exist. We hypothesized that recurrent stroke risk among patients treated with AMM is similar to the medical arm of the SAMMPRIS cohort.Methods—Using a prospective registry, we identified all patients adm...
Source: Stroke - July 24, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Rajbeer S. Sangha, Andrew M. Naidech, Carlos Corado, Sameer A. Ansari, Shyam Prabhakaran Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke, Stenosis, Vascular Disease Original Contributions Source Type: research

Statin Adherence Is Associated With Reduced Recurrent Stroke Risk in Patients With or Without Atrial Fibrillation Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—The relationship between statin adherence and reduced recurrent stroke risk is as strong among patients with AFib as it is among patients without AFib, suggesting that AFib status should not be a reason to exclude patients from secondary stroke prevention with a statin.
Source: Stroke - June 26, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Alexander C. Flint, Carol Conell, Xiushui Ren, Hooman Kamel, Sheila L. Chan, Vivek A. Rao, S. Claiborne Johnston Tags: Arrhythmias, Lipids and Cholesterol, Secondary Prevention, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Dose-Dependent Effect of Statin Pretreatment on Preventing the Periprocedural Complications of Carotid Artery Stenting Clinical Sciences
Background and Purpose—We investigated whether statin pretreatment can dose dependently reduce periprocedural complications in patients undergoing carotid artery stenting because of symptomatic carotid artery stenosis.Methods—We enrolled a consecutive series of 397 symptomatic carotid artery stenosis (≥50% stenosis on conventional angiography) treated with carotid artery stenting at 2 tertiary university hospitals over a decade. Definition of periprocedural complications included any stroke, myocardial infarction, and death within 1 month after or during the procedure. Statin pretreatment was divided into 3 categorie...
Source: Stroke - June 26, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Jeong-Ho Hong, Sung-Il Sohn, Jaehyuk Kwak, Joonsang Yoo, Hyuk Won Chang, O-Ki Kwon, Cheolkyu Jung, Inyoung Chung, Hee-Joon Bae, Ji Sung Lee, Moon-Ku Han Tags: Stent, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Meta-analysis of folic acid efficacy trials in stroke prevention: Insight into effect modifiers
Conclusions: Folic acid supplementation could reduce the stroke risk in regions without folic acid fortification, particularly in trials using a relatively low dosage of folic acid and with low vitamin B12 levels.
Source: Neurology - May 8, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Zhao, M., Wu, G., Li, Y., Wang, X., Hou, F. F., Xu, X., Qin, X., Cai, Y. Tags: Stroke prevention, All Cerebrovascular disease/Stroke, Clinical trials Randomized controlled (CONSORT agreement), All epidemiology ARTICLE Source Type: research

Racial differences in statin adherence following hospital discharge for ischemic stroke
Conclusions: Compared with white adults, black adults were more likely to be nonadherent to statins following hospitalization for ischemic stroke.
Source: Neurology - May 8, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Albright, K. C., Zhao, H., Blackburn, J., Limdi, N. A., Beasley, T. M., Howard, G., Bittner, V., Howard, V. J., Muntner, P. Tags: All Cerebrovascular disease/Stroke ARTICLE Source Type: research

The effect of statin use in acute ischemic stroke patients treated with thrombolytic therapy
This study investigated the effects of statins for the acute ischemic stroke patients after thrombolysis on the stroke outcome considering statin intensity and time window.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - March 18, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Jong-Moo Park, Tae Kyoung Kim, Eui Sung Jung, Kyusik Kang, Woung-Woo Lee, Jungju Lee, Ohyun Kwon, Byung-Kun Kim Source Type: research

Racial-Ethnic Disparities in Acute Stroke Care in the Florida-Puerto Rico Collaboration to Reduce Stroke Disparities Study Epidemiology
We examined race‐ethnic disparities in acute stroke performance metrics in a voluntary stroke registry among Florida and Puerto Rico Get With the Guidelines‐Stroke hospitals.Methods and ResultsSeventy‐five sites in the Florida Puerto Rico Stroke Registry (66 Florida and 9 Puerto Rico) recorded 58 864 ischemic stroke cases (2010–2014). Logistic regression models examined racial‐ethnic differences in acute stroke performance measures and defect‐free care (intravenous tissue plasminogen activator treatment, in‐hospital antithrombotic therapy, deep vein thrombosis prophylaxis, discharge antithrombotic therapy, a...
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - February 14, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sacco, R. L., Gardener, H., Wang, K., Dong, C., Ciliberti-Vargas, M. A., Gutierrez, C. M., Asdaghi, N., Burgin, W. S., Carrasquillo, O., Garcia-Rivera, E. J., Nobo, U., Oluwole, S., Rose, D. Z., Waters, M. F., Zevallos, J. C., Robichaux, M., Waddy, S. P., Tags: Epidemiology, Race and Ethnicity, Treatment, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Research Source Type: research

Recurrent stroke in a patient with vitamin B12 deficiency and MTHFR mutation
We report an unusual case of recurrent stroke in a patient with vitamin B12 deficiency who was also homozygous for the methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene mutation. The patient was a 35-year-old male vegetarian with no known medical history who initially presented with global aphasia, slurred speech, right facial weakness, and right-sided hemiplegia and was found to have a stroke (NIH Stroke Scale score of 25). At that time a CT scan of the head ruled out intracranial hemorrhage and a CT angiogram of the head and neck was done. The patient was found to have occlusion of the M1 segment of the left middle cereb...
Source: Neurology Clinical Practice - February 12, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Zacharia, G., Shani, D., Ortiz, R. A. Tags: Stroke in young adults, Stroke prevention, Hematologic, All Cerebrovascular disease/Stroke Case Source Type: research

Exercise for stroke prevention: The neglected prescription
For over a decade, clinicians have used multimodal pharmacologic therapy for optimal stroke prevention based in part on promising results from clinical trials demonstrating the value of blood pressure and cholesterol lowering for secondary stroke prevention. Patients are typically treated with a cocktail of medications, including antithrombotic agents, antihypertensives, and statins.1
Source: Neurology - January 22, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Chaturvedi, S., Nahab, F. Tags: Stroke prevention, Infarction EDITORIALS Source Type: research

The Japan Statin Treatment Against Recurrent Stroke (J-STARS) Echo Study: Rationale and Trial Protocol
The preventive effect of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase inhibitors (statins) on progression of carotid intima-media complex thickness (IMT) has been shown exclusively in nonstroke Western patients. The Japan Statin Treatment Against Recurrent Stroke (J-STARS) Echo Study aims to determine the effect of pravastatin on carotid IMT in Japanese patients with hyperlipidemia who developed noncardioembolic ischemic stroke.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - December 20, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Kazunori Toyoda, Kazuo Minematsu, Masahiro Yasaka, Yoji Nagai, Naohisa Hosomi, Hideki Origasa, Kazuo Kitagawa, Shinichiro Uchiyama, Masatoshi Koga, Masayasu Matsumoto, J-STARS Investigators Source Type: research

Recurrent cryptogenic stroke in young adult linked to congenital left ventricular diverticulum
A 47-year-old man had an acute ischemic stroke (IS); brain MRI revealed multiple silent old IS (figure 1A). A comprehensive workup, including prolonged cardiac monitoring (cumulated duration of 25 days) and cardiac transthoracic/transesophageal echography, was negative. Eleven months later, despite statin and aspirin therapy, a new symptomatic embolic IS of undetermined source occurred (figure 1B). Cardiac MRI1 revealed a left apical dyskinetic saccular evagination (figure 2, A–C) consistent with a congenital left ventricular diverticulum confirmed on left ventriculography (figure 2D) and the presumed source of recur...
Source: Neurology - November 13, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Gaillard, N., Targosz, F., Bertrand, J. L., Sablot, D., Bensalah, Z. M. Tags: Stroke in young adults, Cardiac, Embolism, Infarction NEUROIMAGES Source Type: research

Prescription of Guideline-Based Medical Therapies at Discharge After Carotid Artery Stenting and Endarterectomy: An NCDR Analysis Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— US antiplatelet agent and statin discharge prescription rates were suboptimal after both CAS and CEA and varied by revascularization modality, operating physician specialty, and hospital characteristics. Improved and more uniform utilization after these procedures will be critical to the success of comprehensive stroke risk reduction efforts.
Source: Stroke - August 21, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Aronow, H. D., Kennedy, K. F., Wayangankar, S. A., Katzen, B. T., Schneider, P. A., Abou-Chebl, A., Rosenfield, K. A. Tags: Secondary Prevention, Cardiovascular Surgery, Stent, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Peripheral Vascular Disease Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Impact of Increased Early Statin Administration on Ischemic Stroke Outcomes: A Multicenter Electronic Medical Record Intervention Stroke
We examined the relationship between intervention and outcome using autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) time‐series modeling. The EMR intervention increased both overall in‐hospital statin administration (from 87.2% to 90.7%, P
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - July 28, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Flint, A. C., Conell, C., Klingman, J. G., Rao, V. A., Chan, S. L., Kamel, H., Cullen, S. P., Faigeles, B. S., Sidney, S., Johnston, S. C. Tags: Ischemic Stroke, Neuroprotectants Original Research Source Type: research

Risk Profile of Symptomatic Lacunar Stroke Versus Nonlobar Intracerebral Hemorrhage Brief Reports
Conclusions— The risk factor profile of dICH differs from that associated with LS. This might be used for disease risk stratification at individual level.
Source: Stroke - July 24, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Morotti, A., Paciaroni, M., Zini, A., Silvestrelli, G., Del Zotto, E., Caso, V., DellAcqua, M. L., Simone, A. M., Lanari, A., Costa, P., Poli, L., De Giuli, V., Gamba, M., Ciccone, A., Ritelli, M., Di Castelnuovo, A., Iacoviello, L., Colombi, M., Agnelli, Tags: Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke Brief Reports Source Type: research

Previous Statin Use and High-Resolution Magnetic Resonance Imaging Characteristics of Intracranial Atherosclerotic Plaque: The Intensive Statin Treatment in Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients With Intracranial Atherosclerosis Study Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Premorbid statin usage is independently associated with reduced plaque enhancement and a decrease in large cortical lesions in patients with intracranial atherosclerotic stroke.
Source: Stroke - June 26, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Chung, J.-W., Hwang, J., Lee, M. J., Cha, J., Bang, O. Y. Tags: Lipids and Cholesterol, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Treatment, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Statin Medication Use and Nosocomial Infection Risk in the Acute Phase of Stroke
Statins have immunomodulatory and peripheral anti-inflammatory properties that are independent of their lipid-lowering action. Whether these properties reduce the risk for developing poststroke infection is debated in clinical literature. We estimated the risk for developing nosocomial poststroke infection based on statin exposure in patients aged 18 or older hospitalized for ischemic stroke.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - June 8, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Douglas L. Weeks, Christopher L. Greer, Megan N. Willson Source Type: research

Atorvastatin Treatment Is Associated with Increased BDNF Level and Improved Functional Recovery after Atherothrombotic Stroke (S31.007)
Conclusions: Our results demonstrated that atorvastatin treatment was associated with increased BDNF level and improved functional recovery after atherothrombotic stroke. This study indicates that atorvastatin-related elevation in BDNF may promote functional recovery in stroke patients.Disclosure: Dr. Zhang has nothing to disclose. Dr. Mu has nothing to disclose. Dr. Gao has nothing to disclose. Dr. Huang has nothing to disclose.
Source: Neurology - April 3, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Zhang, J., Mu, X., Gao, Z., Huang, Y. Tags: Stroke Risk, Outcomes, and Complications Source Type: research

HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitor (Statin) Prescribing for Ischemic Stroke Patients at Hospital Discharge (P2.306)
Conclusions: Our observations suggest that neurologists may be more likely to prescribe a statin at the time of discharge for whites in group 3 (diabetics age 40-75 with LDL 70-189 without ASCVD) when compared to their black counterparts. Further research is needed to determine if racial disparities exist in discharge statin prescribing for stroke survivors.Disclosure: Dr. Albright has nothing to disclose. Dr. Vahidy has nothing to disclose. Dr. Sisson has nothing to disclose. Dr. Samai has nothing to disclose. Dr. Schluter has nothing to disclose. Dr. Martin-Schild has received personal compensation for activities with Genentech.
Source: Neurology - April 3, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Albright, K., Vahidy, F., Moore, M., Samai, A., Schluter, L., Martin-Schild, S. Tags: Stroke Systems of Care Source Type: research

COLADAS: Caribbean Origin Latin Americans Disparities in Acute Stroke (S4.002)
Conclusions: Our study reveals intrinsic sex differences that may imply under treatment. Understanding the reasons underlying these "sex-gaps" is critical. Study Supported By: Award Number Grants 5S21MD000242 and 5S21MD000138, from the National Center for Minority Health and Health Disparities, National Institutes of Health (NCMHD-NIH).Disclosure: Dr. Teron Molina has nothing to disclose. Dr. Rodríguez Centeno has nothing to disclose. Dr. Santiago has nothing to disclose. Dr. López Valentín has nothing to disclose.
Source: Neurology - April 3, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Teron Molina, I., Rodriguez Centeno, A., Santiago, F., Lopez Valentin, M. Tags: Health Disparities and Sex Differences in Stroke Source Type: research

African Americans Are Less Likely to Be Adherent to Statins After Ischemic Stroke: An Analysis of Medicare Beneficiaries Following Hospital Discharge (S4.003)
Conclusions: African Americans may not be obtaining the recurrent stroke prevention therapy provided by statins, possibly contributing to the higher rate of recurrent stroke in this population.Disclosure: Dr. Albright has nothing to disclose. Dr. Blackburn has nothing to disclose. Dr. Zhao has nothing to disclose. Dr. Beasley has nothing to disclose. Dr. Limdi has nothing to disclose. Dr. Howard has nothing to disclose. Dr. Muntner has nothing to disclose.
Source: Neurology - April 3, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Albright, K., Blackburn, J., Zhao, H., Beasley, T., Limdi, N., Howard, V., Muntner, P. Tags: Health Disparities and Sex Differences in Stroke Source Type: research

African Americans Are Less Likely to Be Adherent to Statins After Ischemic Stroke: An Analysis of Medicare Beneficiaries Following Hospital Discharge (I2.006)
Conclusions: African Americans may not be obtaining the recurrent stroke prevention therapy provided by statins, possibly contributing to the higher rate of recurrent stroke in this population.Disclosure: Dr. Albright has nothing to disclose. Dr. Blackburn has nothing to disclose. Dr. Zhao has nothing to disclose. Dr. Beasley has nothing to disclose. Dr. Limdi has nothing to disclose. Dr. Howard has nothing to disclose. Dr. Muntner has nothing to disclose.
Source: Neurology - April 3, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Albright, K., Blackburn, J., Zhao, H., Beasley, T., Limdi, N., Howard, V., Muntner, P. Tags: Stroke in the Elderly and Young: Challenges for the Next Decade Data Blitz Presentations Source Type: research

Statin therapy in acute ischemic stroke: Time for large randomized trials?
Despite improvements in stroke mortality coupled with therapeutic advances, stroke patients often face the prospect of substantial disability. Novel strategies are clearly needed to further improve stroke outcomes. These might include new indications for previously licensed drugs proven effective and safe in related disease processes,1 such as statins. Unlike strong evidence supporting statin use in cardiovascular risk reduction and acute myocardial ischemia, their effects on cerebral tissue and potential benefits on stroke outcomes remain poorly understood and understudied. The only current stroke-specific indication for ...
Source: Neurology - March 21, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Charidimou, A., Merwick, A. Tags: All Cerebrovascular disease/Stroke, Infarction EDITORIALS Source Type: research

Statin pretreatment is associated with better outcomes in large artery atherosclerotic stroke
Conclusion: Statin pretreatment in patients with acute LAA appears to be associated with better early outcomes regarding neurologic improvement, disability, survival, and stroke recurrence.
Source: Neurology - March 21, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Tsivgoulis, G., Katsanos, A. H., Sharma, V. K., Krogias, C., Mikulik, R., Vadikolias, K., Mijajlovic, M., Safouris, A., Zompola, C., Faissner, S., Weiss, V., Giannopoulos, S., Vasdekis, S., Boviatsis, E., Alexandrov, A. W., Voumvourakis, K., Alexandrov, A Tags: All Cerebrovascular disease/Stroke, Infarction ARTICLE Source Type: research

Inflammatory Markers and Outcomes After Lacunar Stroke: Levels of Inflammatory Markers in Treatment of Stroke Study Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Among recent lacunar stroke patients, IL-6 and TNF receptor concentrations predict risk of recurrent vascular events, and they are associated with the effect of antiplatelet therapies. Clinical Trial Registration— URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00059306.
Source: Stroke - February 22, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Boehme, A. K., McClure, L. A., Zhang, Y., Luna, J. M., Del Brutto, O. H., Benavente, O. R., Elkind, M. S. V. Tags: Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Rates and Determinants of 5-Year Outcomes After Atrial Fibrillation-Related Stroke: A Population Study Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— AF-stroke is associated with considerable long-term morbidity, fatality, stroke recurrence, and nursing home requirement. Adequately resourced national AF strategies to improve AF detection and prevention are needed.
Source: Stroke - November 23, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Hayden, D. T., Hannon, N., Callaly, E., Ni Chroinin, D., Horgan, G., Kyne, L., Duggan, J., Dolan, E., O'Rourke, K., Williams, D., Murphy, S., Kelly, P. J. Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Fixed-Dose Combination Treatment After Stroke for Secondary Prevention in China: A National Community-Based Study Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— A huge number of stroke patients in China require preventive therapy and would be eligible for a polypill. This study indicates that it would be reasonable to consider and assess the value of a polypill strategy to improve secondary prevention of stroke in China.
Source: Stroke - April 27, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Longde, W., Ling, Y., Yang, H., Yi, Z., Yongjun, W., Xunming, J., Xiaoyuan, N., Qiumin, Q., Li, H., Yuming, X., Mei, L., Jiayi, S., Jing, L., Dong, Z. Tags: Other Stroke Treatment - Medical Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Diabetes and stroke prevention: a review.
Authors: Hewitt J, Castilla Guerra L, Fernández-Moreno Mdel C, Sierra C Abstract Stroke and diabetes mellitus are two separate conditions which share multiple common threads. Both are increasing in prevalence, both are diseases which affect blood vessels, and both are associated with other vascular risk factors, such as hypertension and dyslipidemia. Abnormal glucose regulation, of which diabetes is one manifestation, is seen in up to two-thirds of people suffering from an acute stroke. Surprisingly, aggressive management of glucose after an acute stroke has not been shown to improve outcome or reduce the incidenc...
Source: Stroke Research and Treatment - December 2, 2014 Category: Neurology Tags: Stroke Res Treat Source Type: research

Stroke prevention: managing modifiable risk factors.
Authors: Di Legge S, Koch G, Diomedi M, Stanzione P, Sallustio F Abstract Prevention plays a crucial role in counteracting morbidity and mortality related to ischemic stroke. It has been estimated that 50% of stroke are preventable through control of modifiable risk factors and lifestyle changes. Antihypertensive treatment is recommended for both prevention of recurrent stroke and other vascular events. The use of antiplatelets and statins has been shown to reduce the risk of recurrent stroke and other vascular events. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) are ...
Source: Stroke Research and Treatment - December 2, 2014 Category: Neurology Tags: Stroke Res Treat Source Type: research

Effect of High-Dose Atorvastatin on Renal Function in Subjects With Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack in the SPARCL Trial Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— This post hoc analysis suggests that atorvastatin treatment may improve renal function in patients with prior stroke or transient ischemic attack with and without chronic kidney disease, and that atorvastatin treatment may prevent eGFR decline in patients with stroke and diabetes mellitus. Clinical Trial Registration— URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00147602.
Source: Stroke - September 22, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Amarenco, P., Callahan, A., Campese, V. M., Goldstein, L. B., Hennerici, M. G., Messig, M., Sillesen, H., Welch, K. M. A., Wilson, D. J., Zivin, J. A. Tags: Lipids, Secondary prevention, Cerebrovascular disease/stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Statins Improve Survival in Patients With Cardioembolic Stroke Brief Reports
Conclusions— Statin therapy could be associated with reduced mortality in patients with cardioembolic stroke.
Source: Stroke - May 27, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Choi, J.-Y., Seo, W.-K., Kang, S. H., Jung, J.-M., Cho, K.-H., Yu, S., Oh, K. Tags: Cerebrovascular disease/stroke, Embolic stroke, Other Stroke Treatment - Medical Brief Reports Source Type: research

Risk Factors, Stroke Prevention Treatments, and Prevalence of Cerebral Microbleeds in the Framingham Heart Study Brief Reports
Conclusions— We observed the expected association of hypertension with deep CMB and low cholesterol and APOE 4 with lobar CMB. In addition, statin use was independently associated with CMB risk. This potential adverse effect of statin use needs to be examined in other cohorts.
Source: Stroke - April 28, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Romero, J. R., Preis, S. R., Beiser, A., DeCarli, C., Viswanathan, A., Martinez-Ramirez, S., Kase, C. S., Wolf, P. A., Seshadri, S. Tags: Risk Factors for Stroke, Epidemiology Brief Reports Source Type: research