Query: stroke

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Therapy: Dialysis
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Total 18 results found since Jan 2013.

Reduced Stroke Risk After Parathyroidectomy in End-Stage Renal Disease: A 13-Year Population-Based Cohort Study
Abstract: Research information on the risk of stroke in patients with dialysis-dependent end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who have undergone parathyroidectomy (PTX) is scant. We used a nationwide health insurance claims database to select all patients with dialysis-dependent ESRD age 18 years and older for the study population. Of the patients with ESRD, we selected 1083 patients who had undergone PTX between 1998 and 2006 as the PTX group and frequency-matched 1083 patients with ESRD by sex, age, years since the disease diagnosis, and the year of undergoing PTX as the non-PTX group. We used a multivariate Cox proportional h...
Source: Medicine - June 1, 2015 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research

Warfarin Use and Risk of Stroke in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Undergoing Hemodialysis: A Meta-Analysis
Abstract: In spite of the substantial burden of atrial fibrillation and associated elevated ischemic stroke risk in patients undergoing hemodialysis, the role of warfarin in these high-risk patients remains uncertain. Our objective was to clarify the association between warfarin use and risk of stroke for patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing dialysis. PubMed and Embase from January 1966 to January 2015 were searched to identify relevant studies. Inclusion criteria were cohort studies, patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing hemodialysis, and reported quantitative estimates of the multivariate adjusted relativ...
Source: Medicine - February 1, 2016 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Meta-Analysis of Observ Studies in Epidemiology Source Type: research

Statins do not improve cardiovascular outcomes for dialysis patients
Commentary on: Palmer SC, Navaneethan SD, Craig JC, et al.. HMG CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) for dialysis patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2013;(9):CD004289. Context Chronic kidney disease affected nearly 19 million people in the USA, with incidence increasing globally at an annual rate of 8%, most of which were unrecognised or undiagnosed. Cardiovascular events are common among patients with chronic kidney disease and highest in dialysis patients. While dialysis patients experience a high prevalence of traditional risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD), such as hyper...
Source: Evidence-Based Medicine - May 19, 2014 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Olyaei, A. Tags: Clinical trials (epidemiology), Epidemiologic studies, Drugs: cardiovascular system, Neuromuscular disease, Stroke, Hypertension, Obesity (nutrition), Ischaemic heart disease, Unwanted effects / adverse reactions, Renal medicine, Musculoskeletal syndromes Source Type: research

Age may explain the association of an early dialysis initiation with poor survival
Conclusion: History of ischemic heart disease, serum albumin and dialysis start before 2005 were risk factors for mortality in ESRD patients. Older age is usually associated with early dialysis initiation, so age adjustment is needed to perform studies aimed to calculate the effect of eGFR at dialysis initiation on survival.
Source: QJM - October 24, 2014 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Soler, M. J., Montero, N., Pascual, M. J., Barrios, C., Marquez, E., Orfila, M. A., Cao, H., Arcos, E., Collado, S., Comas, J., Pascual, J. Tags: Original papers Source Type: research

Dialysis
More than 400 000 persons in the United States are currently receiving maintenance dialysis as life-sustaining treatment for end-stage renal disease (ESRD), with more than 90% receiving in-center hemodialysis. Mortality rates in the ESRD population in the United States remain extremely high (18%-20% per year) despite a slight downward trend during the past 2 to 3 years. Most deaths among patients with ESRD are due to cardiovascular disease, with exceptionally high rates, particularly on an age-adjusted basis, of heart failure, stroke, and sudden death. In fact, sudden death accounts for roughly 1 in 4 deaths among patien...
Source: JAMA Internal Medicine - April 27, 2015 Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research

Effectiveness and Safety of Warfarin in Dialysis Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: A Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies
The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness and safety of warfarin use in patients with AF undergoing dialysis. Three databases PubMed, EMBASE, and OVID were searched from their inception to August 2015. Observational studies which assessed the ischemic stroke or bleeding risk of warfarin use in dialysis patients with AF were included. Two reviewers independently extracted data and assessed methodological quality based on the Newcastle–Ottawa Scale score. Combined hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using the random-effects model and heterogeneity was assessed based...
Source: Medicine - December 1, 2015 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology Source Type: research

Management of patients with atrial fibrillation and chronic kidney disease in light of the latest guidelines.
Authors: Młodawska E, Tomaszuk-Kazberuk A, Łopatowska P, Musiał WJ, Małyszko J Abstract Atrial fibrillation (AF) frequently occurs in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and the rate reaches even 30% in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Patients with AF and CKD have a significantly higher risk of thrombotic complications, particularly ischemic stroke, and at the same time, a higher bleeding risk (proportionally to the grade of renal failure). In addition, AF and CKD share a number of comorbidities and risk factors, which results in increased mortality rates. Moreover, disturbances in hemosta...
Source: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnetrznej - June 2, 2016 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Pol Arch Med Wewn Source Type: research

Endostatin in chronic kidney disease: Associations with inflammation, vascular abnormalities, cardiovascular events and survival.
CONCLUSION: Endostatin levels are independently associated with incident CVE in CKD patients, but show limited prediction abilities for all-cause mortality and CVE above traditional and renal-specific risk factors. PMID: 27394925 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Internal Medicine - July 6, 2016 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Kanbay M, Afsar B, Siriopol D, Unal HU, Karaman M, Saglam M, Gezer M, Taş A, Eyileten T, Guler AK, Aydin İ, Oguz Y, Tarim K, Covic A, Yilmaz MI Tags: Eur J Intern Med Source Type: research

Erythropoietin corrects anaemia and reduces the risk of blood transfusion in people with chronic kidney disease, but has uncertain effects on other patient-level outcomes
Commentary on: Cody JD, Hodson EM. Recombinant human erythropoietin versus placebo or no treatment for the anaemia of chronic kidney disease in people not requiring dialysis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2016;(1):CD003266 Context Anaemia frequency and severity worsen with advancing chronic kidney disease (CKD) and are associated with quality-of-life (QOL) impairment, morbidity and mortality.1 Deficient renal erythropoietin production is a major cause and can be corrected by recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) administration.1 This may improve clinical outcomes, including delaying dialysis. Conversely, rhEPO therapy caus...
Source: Evidence-Based Medicine - September 22, 2016 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Johnson, D. W. Tags: Clinical trials (epidemiology), Epidemiologic studies, Haematology (incl blood transfusion), Stroke, Hypertension, Venous thromboembolism, Renal medicine Therapeutics/Prevention Source Type: research

Degree of dyspnoea in patients with non ‐ST‐elevation acute coronary syndrome: A report from Japanese multicenter registry
ConclusionsAmong NSTE‐ACS patients complicated with AHF, both cardiovascular and renal event rates were associated with presence of dyspnoea, and its incidence increased in parallel with dyspnoea severity.
Source: International Journal of Clinical Practice - December 28, 2016 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Yasuyuki Shiraishi, Shun Kohsaka, Ikuko Ueda, Taku Inohara, Mitsuaki Sawano, Yohei Numasawa, Kentaro Hayashida, Yuichiro Maekawa, Yukihiko Momiyama, Keiichi Fukuda Tags: ORIGINAL PAPER Source Type: research

The effectiveness and safety of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition or receptor blockade in vascular diseases in patients with hemodialysis
Abstract: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who are on hemodialysis have high risk of vascular diseases. Our study sought to examine whether angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) or angiotensin type 1 receptor blockers (ARBs) could reduce the frequencies of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events in patients receiving hemodialysis using the medication possession ratio (MPR) method of analysis. This retrospective cohort study identified cases of ESRD with dialysis from the National Health Insurance Research Database between 1999 and 2006, and used Cox-regression methods to evaluate risk of poor outc...
Source: Medicine - March 1, 2017 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research

Risk analysis of dialysis-dependent patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting: Effects of dialysis modes on outcomes
This study aimed to stratify the risk factors and effects of dialysis modes in relation to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery among dialysis-dependent patients. This retrospective study enrolled dialysis-dependent patients who underwent CABG from October 2005 to January 2015. All data of demographics, medical history, surgical details, postoperative complications, and in-hospital mortality were analyzed, and patients were categorized as those with or without in-hospital mortality and those with preoperative hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (PD). Of 134 enrolled patients, 25 (18.7%) had in-hospital mor...
Source: Medicine - September 1, 2017 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research

Effects of physician's specialty on regular chronic kidney disease care in predialysis: A population-based cross-sectional study
Late referral in chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with irregular care and poor prognosis. How the specialty of healthcare provider affect late referral and irregular CKD care remain unclear. We conducted a population-based cross-sectional study to include incident dialysis patients from 2002 to 2007 in Taiwan and observed for 1, 2, and 3 years before dialysis. The medical visits-related information was evaluated every 3 months, retrospectively. Irregular follow-up was defined as missing a follow-up during more than one interval every year. A total of 46,626 patients were included. At 1, 2, and 3 years prior to ...
Source: Medicine - June 1, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research

Association of early loss of primary functional patency of arteriovenous access with mortality in incident hemodialysis patients: A nationwide population-based observational study
The long-term survival and life quality of hemodialysis (HD) patients depend on adequacy of dialysis via a well-functioning vascular access. Loss of primary functional patency (PFP) of an arteriovenous access (AVA) eventually happens in HD patients. The association between time to loss of PFP of AVAs and mortality in HD patients remains unclear. The retrospective nationwide population-based cohort study compared the hazards of mortality with time to loss of PFP. We enrolled 1618 adult incident HD patients who received HD via AVAs for at least 90 days between January 1, 2001 and December 31, 2013. They were divided into ear...
Source: Medicine - August 1, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research

Benefits and Harms of Oral Anticoagulant Therapy in Chronic Kidney Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
Conclusion: In early-stage CKD, NOACs had a benefit-risk profile superior to that of VKAs. For advanced CKD or ESKD, there was insufficient evidence to establish benefits or harms of VKAs or NOACs. Primary Funding Source: None. (PROSPERO: CRD42017079709). PMID: 31307056 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of Internal Medicine - July 15, 2019 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Ha JT, Neuen BL, Cheng LP, Jun M, Toyama T, Gallagher MP, Jardine MJ, Sood MM, Garg AX, Palmer SC, Mark PB, Wheeler DC, Jha V, Freedman B, Johnson DW, Perkovic V, Badve SV Tags: Ann Intern Med Source Type: research

Effect of anticoagulation therapy in older patients with chronic kidney disease and atrial fibrillation: A meta-analysis
Conclusion: Compared with nonanticoagulation, anticoagulation therapy is associated with a reduced risk of death in older AF patients with nondialysis, but an increased risk of bleeding in older patients with dialysis.
Source: Medicine - October 1, 2019 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Source Type: research

Use of proton pump inhibitors is associated with an increase in adverse cardiovascular events in patients with hemodialysis: Insight from the kids registry.
CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that the use of PPIs in patients with maintenance hemodialysis might increase mortality and cardiovascular events without decreasing the risk of bleeding. Therefore, it should always be analyzed if a patient truly needs PPIs. PMID: 31735546 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Internal Medicine - November 13, 2019 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Kosedo I, Tokushige A, Takumi T, Yoshikawa A, Teraguchi K, Takenouchi K, Shiraishi K, Ikeda D, Imamura M, Sonoda T, Kanda D, Ikeda Y, Ido A, Ohishi M Tags: Eur J Intern Med Source Type: research

End-Stage Renal Disease, Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation, and the Warfarin Dilemma
There are more than 660,000 Americans with kidney failure and nearly 470,000 on dialysis.1 Of these, estimates of nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) approach 20%.2 Atrial fibrillation nearly doubles the anticipated mortality and increases the stroke risk by approximately six-fold in these patients. The intersection between end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and NVAF is complicated and not easily parsed. Atrial fibrillation likely increases the rate of progression to ESRD in patients with underlying chronic kidney disease (CKD).
Source: Mayo Clinic Proceedings - May 31, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Robert D. McBane Tags: Editorial Source Type: research