Query: stroke

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Therapy: Dialysis
Therapy1: Dialysis
Nutrition: Vitamin K

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Total 12 results found since Jan 2013.

Vitamin K antagonists for stroke prevention in hemodialysis patients with atrial fibrillation: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Conclusion Our meta-analysis revealed a trend for a reduction of the risk of ischemic stroke in hemodialysis patients with AF treated with VKA. The true protective effect may have been underestimated, owing to inclusion of low-risk patients not expected to benefit from anticoagulation and to suboptimal anticoagulation. However, assessment of the overall effect of VKA in hemodialysis patients should also take into account the increased risk of bleeding, in particular of hemorrhagic stroke. Whether new oral anticoagulants provide a better benefit–risk ratio in hemodialysis patients should be the subject of future trials.
Source: American Heart Journal - October 4, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Primary Prevention of Stroke in Chronic Kidney Disease Patients: A Scientific Update
Background: Although chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an independent risk factor for stroke, official recommendations for the primary prevention of stroke in CKD are generally lacking.Summary: We searched PubMed and ISI Web of Science for randomised controlled trials, observational studies, reviews, meta-analyses and guidelines referring to measures of stroke prevention or to the treatment of stroke-associated risk factors (cardiovascular disease in general and atrial fibrillation (AF), arterial hypertension or carotid artery disease in particular) among the CKD population. The use of oral anticoagulation in AF appears safe...
Source: Cerebrovascular Diseases - January 9, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

The effects of vitamin K supplementation and vitamin K antagonists on progression of vascular calcification: ongoing randomized controlled trials
Conclusion Vitamin K deficiency may be a modifiable cardiovascular risk factor in the haemodialysis population. Conversely, vitamin K antagonists may aggravate VC burden in haemodialysis patients. Several ongoing trials may provide an answer to these questions in the near future.
Source: CKJ: Clinical Kidney Journal - March 15, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Caluwe, R., Pyfferoen, L., De Boeck, K., De Vriese, A. S. Tags: CKD-MBD Source Type: research

Variability In NOAC Dose Adjustment In Atrial Fibrillation Patients With Renal Dysfunction: The Influence Of Renal Function Estimation Formulae
Conclusion MDRD and CKD-EPI eGFR fails to correctly identify a significant proportion of patients that require NOAC dose adjustment, limiting their clinical utility. Cockcroft-Gault eCrCl should be calculated for all patients in whom a NOAC is being prescribed. Teaser While glomerular filtration rate is the most common estimates of renal function employed in practice the landmark stroke prevention trials use of the Cockcroft-Gault creatinine clearance equation to determine drug eligibility and dose adjustment. In a large cohort of patients with non-dialysis dependent chronic kidney disease and atrial fibrillation the use o...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - April 26, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Atrial fibrillation in dialysis patients: is there a place for non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants?
AbstractAtrial fibrillation (AF) occurs approximately in 3% of general population, with greater prevalence in elderly. Non-vitamin K-dependent oral anticoagulant agents (NOACs) according to the current European guidelines are recommended for patients with AF at high risk for stroke as a first-choice treatment. NOACs are not inferior to warfarin or some of them are better than warfarin in reducing the rate of ischemic stroke. Moreover, they significantly reduce the rate of intracranial hemorrhages, major bleedings, and mortality compared with warfarin. Nevertheless according to ESC guidelines, NOACs are not recommended in p...
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - May 21, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Oral Anticoagulation in Chronic Kidney Disease and Atrial Fibrillation.
CONCLUSION: The cardiological societies' recommendation that patients with atrial fibrillation should be given oral anticoagulant drugs applies to the majority of such patients who also have chronic kidney disease. PMID: 29789105 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Deutsches Arzteblatt International - May 24, 2018 Category: General Medicine Tags: Dtsch Arztebl Int Source Type: research

Variability in Non–Vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulants Dose Adjustment in Atrial Fibrillation Patients With Renal Dysfunction: The Influence of Renal Function Estimation Formulae
ConclusionsMDRD and CKD-EPI eGFR fail to correctly identify a significant proportion of patients who require NOAC dose adjustment, limiting their clinical utility. Cockcroft-Gault eCrCl should be calculated for all patients in whom a NOAC is being prescribed.RésuméContexteL’administration d’un nouvel anticoagulant oral non-antivitamine K (NACO) nécessite un ajustement de la dose en fonction des paramètres rénaux. La mesure de la fonction rénale la plus communément utilisée est le taux de filtration glomérulaire estimé (TFGe) selon la formule « Modified Diet in Renal Disease » (TFGe MDRD) ou « Chronic Kidne...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - July 24, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Warfarin in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation-Time for a change?
Abstract Warfarin is the most commonly prescribed anticoagulant in hemodialysis (HD) patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). Recent trends show that Nephrologists are increasingly prescribing novel oral anticoagulants, despite the fact that no randomized clinical trials have been conducted in dialysis patients. Difficulties maintaining international normalized ratio in the therapeutic range, increased risk of intracranial hemorrhage and concerns regarding warfarin-induced vascular calcification and calciphylaxis may be responsible. Anticoagulation quality is poor in HD patients. A variety of factors ...
Source: Seminars in Dialysis - June 16, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Reilly RF, Jain N Tags: Semin Dial Source Type: research

Anticoagulation in Patients with Advanced Chronic Kidney Disease: Walking the Fine Line between Benefit and Harm
Publication date: Available online 11 July 2019Source: Canadian Journal of CardiologyAuthor(s): Januvi Jegatheswaran, Gregory L. Hundemer, David Massicotte-Azarniouch, Manish M. SoodAbstractChronic kidney disease affects over 3 million Canadians and is highly associated with cardiovascular diseases that require anticoagulation, such as atrial fibrillation and venous thromboembolism. Patients with chronic kidney disease are at a problematic crossroads; they are at high risk of both thrombotic conditions requiring anticoagulation and bleeding complications due to anticoagulation. The limited high-quality clinical evidence to...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - July 12, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Benefits and Harms of Oral Anticoagulant Therapy in Chronic Kidney Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
Conclusion: In early-stage CKD, NOACs had a benefit-risk profile superior to that of VKAs. For advanced CKD or ESKD, there was insufficient evidence to establish benefits or harms of VKAs or NOACs. Primary Funding Source: None. (PROSPERO: CRD42017079709). PMID: 31307056 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of Internal Medicine - July 15, 2019 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Ha JT, Neuen BL, Cheng LP, Jun M, Toyama T, Gallagher MP, Jardine MJ, Sood MM, Garg AX, Palmer SC, Mark PB, Wheeler DC, Jha V, Freedman B, Johnson DW, Perkovic V, Badve SV Tags: Ann Intern Med Source Type: research

Systematic DOACs oral anticoagulation in patients with atrial fibrillation and chronic kidney disease: the nephrologist's perspective.
Abstract Atrial fibrillation (AF) is highly prevalent among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and also associated with unfavorable outcome. Anticoagulant therapy is the mainstep of management in such patients, aimed at reducing the high risk of systemic thromboembolism and especially of ischemic stroke, which is reportedly associated with increased mortality in CKD patients. Even though new direct oral anticoagulant agents (DOACs) proved to be effective in patients with non valvular chronic AF, and are therefore recommended by recent guidelines for their treatment, warfarin is currently used in more than...
Source: Journal of Nephrology - March 20, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ravera M, Bussalino E, Fusaro M, Di Lullo L, Aucella F, Paoletti E Tags: J Nephrol Source Type: research

Direct oral anticoagulants in chronic kidney disease: an update
Purpose of review Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are variably eliminated by the kidneys rendering their use potentially problematic in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) or necessitating appropriate dose adjustment. Recent findings Both observational and limited randomized trial data for DOACs compared with no treatment or with warfarin for patients with atrial fibrillation on maintenance dialysis were recently published. In a randomized trial in patients on hemodialysis, there was no significant difference in vascular calcification between patients who received rivaroxaban with or without vitamin K2 or vi...
Source: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension - August 1, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: PHARMACOLOGY AND THERAPEUTICS: Edited by Sankar D. Navaneethan Source Type: research