Query: stroke

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Therapy: Dialysis
Therapy1: Dialysis
Nutrition: Sodium

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Total 6 results found since Jan 2013.

A brief review of intradialytic hypotension with a focus on survival.
Abstract Intradialytic hypotension (IDH), a common complication of ultrafiltration during hemodialysis therapy, is associated with high mortality and morbidity. IDH, defined as a nadir systolic blood pressure of less than 90 mm Hg on more than 30% of treatments, is a relevant definition and is correlated with mortality. Risk factors for IDH include patient demographics, anti-hypertensive medication use, larger interdialytic weight gain, and dialysis prescription features as dialysate sodium, high ultrafiltration rate, and dialysate temperature. A high frequency of IDH events carries a substantial death risk. An ul...
Source: Seminars in Dialysis - June 29, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Chou JA, Kalantar-Zadeh K, Mathew AT Tags: Semin Dial Source Type: research

Design and baseline characteristics of the eValuation of ERTugliflozin effIcacy and safety CardioVascular outcomes trial (VERTIS-CV)
ConclusionThe results from the VERTIS-CV trial will define the CV and renal safety and efficacy of ertugliflozin in patients with T2DM and ASCVD.ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01986881
Source: American Heart Journal - September 6, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Predictors of 30-Day Outcomes Following Mitral Valve Repair
ConclusionsOutcomes are good following mitral valve repair. Although a substantial number of risk factors were found to be associated with adverse outcomes, only a small subset remained statistically significant following multivariate analysis. Identification of these risk factors may help guide clinical decision making with respect to which patients are the best candidates to undergo mitral valve repair.
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - September 11, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

SGLT2 inhibitor therapy in patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus: is acute kidney injury a concern?
Abstract Sodium-glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitor drugs are effective for treatment of type-2 diabetes mellitus. These medications target the SGLT2 transporter in the proximal convoluted tubule to prevent reabsorption of filtered glucose, resulting in glucosuria. Other clinically meaningful benefits beyond glycemic control include reductions in blood pressure, weight, and albuminuria. Three large clinical trials and subsequent meta-analyses studying SGLT2 inhibitors demonstrated significant cardiovascular benefits including reductions in heart failure hospitalizations, as well as reduced risk of myocardia...
Source: Journal of Nephrology - February 17, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Baker ML, Perazella MA Tags: J Nephrol Source Type: research

Potassium binders for chronic hyperkalaemia in people with chronic kidney disease.
CONCLUSIONS: Evidence supporting clinical decision-making for different potassium binders to treat chronic hyperkalaemia in adults with CKD is of low certainty; no studies were identified in children. Available studies have not been designed to measure treatment effects on clinical outcomes such as cardiac arrhythmias or major GI symptoms. This review suggests the need for a large, adequately powered study of potassium binders versus placebo that assesses clinical outcomes of relevance to patients, clinicians and policy-makers. This data could be used to assess cost-effectiveness, given the lack of definitive studies and t...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - June 25, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Natale P, Palmer SC, Ruospo M, Saglimbene VM, Strippoli GF Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

New XARELTO ® (rivaroxaban) Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) Data from EXPLORER Clinical Research Program to be Unveiled at American Heart Association (AHA) Scientific Sessions 2020
RARITAN, N.J., November 9, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson today announced that 10 data presentations will be shared at the virtual American Heart Association (AHA) Scientific Sessions 2020 from November 13-17. Most notably, four new sub-analyses of XARELTO® (rivaroxaban) from the landmark VOYAGER PAD trial, part of the EXPLORER global cardiovascular research program, will be presented, including two live, featured science oral presentations. “We're pleased VOYAGER PAD was selected to be front and center once again at a major medical congress, as there's an urgent need for data in ...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - November 9, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news