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Total 585 results found since Jan 2013.

Excess Stroke Deaths in Kidney Transplant Recipients: A Retrospective Population-based Cohort Study Using Data Linkage
Conclusions. Kidney transplant recipients had excess stroke deaths, particularly at younger ages and women. Preexisting cerebrovascular disease was a potentially modifiable risk factor for stroke death, suggesting further studies of secondary stroke prevention for kidney transplant recipients.
Source: Transplantation - September 24, 2020 Category: Transplant Surgery Tags: Original Clinical Science—General Source Type: research

High Neutrophil/Lymphocyte Ratio as an Independent Risk Factor for the First Occurrence of Stroke in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients.
CONCLUSION: High NLR was an independent risk factor for the first occurrence of stroke in PD patients. PMID: 32655023 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases - July 14, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Iran J Kidney Dis Source Type: research

High White Blood Cell Count Is a Risk Factor for Contrast-Induced Nephropathy following Mechanical Thrombectomy for Acute Ischemic Stroke
Conclusions: This study found that CIN occurred in 8.8% of patients with AIS following mechanical thrombectomy. High WBC count was associated with an increased risk of CIN and may be helpful for predicting CIN.Cerebrovasc Dis Extra 2020;10:59 –65
Source: Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra - July 1, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Effects of parathyroid hormone and vitamin D supplementation on stroke among patients receiving peritoneal dialysis
Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients have a high incidence of stroke and commonly have increased parathyroid hormone levels and vitamin D insufficiency. We seek to investigate the incidenc...
Source: BMC Nephrology - May 18, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Xiaohan You, Ying Zhou, Jianna Zhang, Qiongxiu Zhou, Yanling Shi, Zhen Su, Chaoshen Chen, Rongrong Shao and Ji Zhang Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Influence of chronic kidney disease and haemodialysis on stroke outcome
CONCLUSION: Despite significant functional and neurological improvements following rehabilitation, stroke patients with underlying CKD had higher average duration of hospital stay, more recurrent hospitalisations and poorer survival outcomes than those without underlying CKD. This could be attributed to the complications associated with CKD rather than stroke. Multidisciplinary community rehabilitation may be an alternative to reduce recurrent hospitalisations and morbidity in this group of patients. PMID: 32241068 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Singapore Medical Journal - April 2, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Pande SD, Morris J Tags: Singapore Med J Source Type: research

A systematic review and external validation of stroke prediction models demonstrates poor performance in dialysis patients
To systematically review and externally assess the predictive performance of models for ischemic stroke in incident dialysis patients.
Source: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology - March 29, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Ype de Jong, Chava L. Ramspek, Vera H.W. van der Endt, Maarten B. Rookmaaker, Peter J. Blankestijn, Robin W.M. Vernooij, Marianne C. Verhaar, Willem Jan W. Bos, Friedo W. Dekker, Gurbey Ocak, Merel van Diepen Tags: Review Source Type: research

Racial/Ethnic Disparity Seen for Stroke in Dialysis Patients With A-Fib
MONDAY, Feb. 24, 2020 -- Among hemodialysis patients with atrial fibrillation, racial/ethnic disparities in all-cause stroke are partially mediated by lower anticoagulant use, according to a study published online Feb. 20 in the Journal of the...
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - February 24, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Low Incidence of Death and Renal Failure in United States Military Service Members Hospitalized with Exertional Heat Stroke: A Retrospective Cohort Study.
CONCLUSION: EHS is aggressively identified and treated in U.S. Military Treatment Facilities. Mortality and morbidity were strikingly low. PMID: 32074343 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Military Medicine - February 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research

Risk Factors and Outcomes of Cerebral Stroke in End-Stage Renal Disease Patients Receiving Hemodialysis
This study investigated the stroke features and risk factors in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Methods: All end-stage renal disease patients undergoing HD at Teraoka Memorial Hospital dialysis center were identified, with 195 recruited. Baseline clinical characteristics were collected, and the clinical outcomes and related factors of stroke in HD patients were retrospectively analyzed.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - February 5, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Yuki Shinya, Satoru Miyawaki, Isao Kumagai, Takehiro Sugiyama, Atsumi Takenobu, Nobuhito Saito, Akira Teraoka Source Type: research

Functional outcomes of rehabilitation in patients with subacute stroke on haemodialysis.
CONCLUSION: Dialysis was not an inhibitory factor affecting outcomes during subacute rehabilitation in patients with stroke. Rehabilitation should be considered for patients with subacute stroke requiring haemodialysis, in order to provide every opportunity to achieve adequate functional outcomes. PMID: 31974589 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - January 26, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Predictors and outcomes of stroke after transcatheter aortic valve replacement
ConclusionsAlternative access approach and a history of transient ischemic attack emerged as independent predictors of postoperative stroke. Patients with stroke suffered more complications and had worse survival, underscoring the importance of characterizing the stroke risk in these patients.
Source: Journal of Cardiac Surgery - December 2, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Sarah A. Hatfield, Marcos A. Nores, Taylor M. James, Mark Rothenberg, Arvind Kapila, Roberto J. Cubeddu, Sotiris C. Stamou Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Contrast-induced nephropathy: A dilemma between loss of neurons or nephrons in the setting of endovascular treatment of acute ischemic stroke.
CONCLUSION: Contrast-induced nephropathy is a relatively common complication after endovascular treatment of acute ischemic stroke and is associated with worse outcome in patients with this condition. However, there is no increase in the frequency of hemodialysis after the use of iodinated contrast medium. PMID: 31645156 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Interventional Neuroradiology - October 27, 2019 Category: Radiology Tags: Interv Neuroradiol Source Type: research

Prevention and treatment of stroke in patients with chronic kidney disease: an overview of evidence and current guidelines
Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is strongly associated with an increased risk of stroke, small vessel disease, and vascular dementia. Common vascular factors for stroke, such as hypertension, diabetes, and atrial fibrillation, are more prevalent in CKD patients, accounting for this association. However, factors unique to these patients, such as uraemia, oxidative stress, mineral and bone abnormalities, as well as dialysis-related factors are also believed to contribute to risk. Despite improvements in stroke treatment and survival in the general population, the rate of improvement in patients with CKD, especially those who ar...
Source: Kidney International - October 17, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Dearbhla M. Kelly, Peter M. Rothwell Tags: Review Source Type: research

Serum lipoprotein(a) and risk of hemorrhagic stroke among incident peritoneal dialysis patients: a large study from a single center in China.
Conclusions: Among patients with incident PD, a higher serum Lp(a) level may predict a lower risk of hemorrhagic stroke. PMID: 31498021 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Renal Failure - September 10, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research

Mechanisms of Stroke in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Given the increasing worldwide prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD), it is critical to decrease the associated risk of debilitating vascular complications, including stroke, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction, and peripheral vascular disease. Treatment options for reducing the risk of all subtypes of stroke in patients with CKD remain limited. For patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), novel applications of noninvasive imaging may help personalize the type of dialysis and dialysis prescription for patients at high-risk. SUMMARY: This manuscript reviews the heigh...
Source: American Journal of Nephrology - August 27, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Ghoshal S, Freedman BI Tags: Am J Nephrol Source Type: research

Difficulty of stroke management in the dialysis child
ConclusionCause or consequences of the renal disease, HT must be properly treated in order to reach the recommended targeted blood pressure values. The time required to take charge the hypertensive stroke determines the prognosis. The challenge is to optimize the health care sector to reduce mortality and sequelae.
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - July 24, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Hemorrhagic Stroke in Chronic Kidney Disease.
Authors: Jha VK, Sharda V, Mirza SA, Shashibhushan, Bhol KK Abstract Hemorrhagic stroke is leading cause of death in Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) population. Uremic patients are susceptible to hemorrhagic complications due to multiple reasons i.e platelet dysfunction, low platelet number, use of heparin during hemodialysis, use of anticoagulants for thromboembolic risk etc. Prevention and treatment of hemorrhagic stroke is complicated in CKD setting and if not managed properly can lead to several fold increased mortality and morbidity rate. In this brief review we will discuss about the magnitude of hemorrhagic str...
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - July 18, 2019 Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research

Comparison of risk of stroke in patients treated with peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Conclusions: We observed that PD patients were less likely to develop hemorrhagic stroke than HD patients, and the risk for ischemic stroke was significantly higher for PD patients than for HD patients among the non-Asian patients. However, our findings could be biased due to the heterogeneity of the included studies. PMID: 31296101 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Renal Failure - July 14, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research

Relationship between History of Ischemic Stroke and All-Cause Mortality in Incident Dialysis Patients
Conclusion: The present study revealed that history of ischemic stroke before dialysis initiation was associated with all-cause, non-CV-related, and infection-related mortality and stroke event after dialysis initiation during maintenance dialysis.Nephron
Source: Nephron - June 11, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Chronic Kidney Disease Increases Cerebral Microbleeds in Mouse and Man
We examined the interaction between CKD and brain microhemorrhages (the neuropathological substrate of microbleeds) in mouse and cell culture models and studied progression of microbleed burden on serial brain imaging from humans.Mouse studies: Two CKD models were investigated: adenine-induced tubulointerstitial nephritis and surgical 5/6 nephrectomy.Cell culture studies: bEnd.3 mouse brain endothelial cells were grown to confluence, and monolayer integrity was measured after exposure to 5 –15% human uremic serum or increasing concentrations of urea.Human studies: Progression of brain microbleeds was evaluated on serial ...
Source: Translational Stroke Research - May 3, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Effect of Warfarin on Ischemic Stroke, Bleeding, and Mortality in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation Receiving Peritoneal Dialysis
ConclusionThere is no significant association between warfarin treatment with risks of mortality, ischemic stroke or bleeding in patients with atrial fibrillation receiving peritoneal dialysis.
Source: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs - April 22, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Relation of Race, Apparent Disability, and Stroke Risk With Warfarin Prescribing for Atrial Fibrillation in Patients Receiving Maintenance Hemodialysis
We examined patterns of warfarin use, and associated factors, after AF diagnosis. This retrospective cohort analysis studied US Medicare patients receiving maintenance dialysis January 1, 2008-June 30, 2010. Demographics, comorbidity, and a durable medical equipment claims-based disability proxy score predicted warfarin prescription after AF diagnosis. The analysis included 8964 patients with non-valvular AF.
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - November 24, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: James B. Wetmore, Yi Peng, David T. Gilbertson, Jiannong Liu Source Type: research

Icodextrin is Associated with a Lower Risk of Stroke in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients
Conclusion: The use of icodextrin is associated with a lower incidence and risk of stroke in PD patients.Nephron
Source: Nephron - November 13, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Renal Replacement Modality and Stroke Risk in ESRD Renal Replacement Modality and Stroke Risk in ESRD
How does each particular renal replacement modality for ESRD impact the risk for stroke?Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - October 5, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Nephrology Journal Article Source Type: news

Hemoglobin Concentration and Stroke Risk in Hemodialysis Hemoglobin Concentration and Stroke Risk in Hemodialysis
Might low hemoglobin concentrations contribute to the risk for hemorrhagic or ischemic stroke among hemodialysis patients?Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - June 13, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Nephrology Journal Article Source Type: news

Cerebrovascular Accidents During Mechanical Circulatory Support Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Stroke is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients on LVAD support. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease increases the risk of ischemic stroke, whereas dialysis may increase the risk of hemorrhagic stroke. Although any stroke increases mortality, post-LVAD hemorrhagic stroke was associated with higher mortality compared with ischemic stroke.
Source: Stroke - April 23, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Saef Izzy, Daniel B. Rubin, Firas S. Ahmed, Feras Akbik, Simone Renault, Katelyn W. Sylvester, Henrikas Vaitkevicius, Jennifer A. Smallwood, Michael M. Givertz, Steven K. Feske Tags: Heart Failure, Complications, Quality and Outcomes, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Association of dialysis with in ‐hospital disability progression and mortality in community‐onset stroke
CONCLUSIONSDialysis was associated with an increased risk of in‐hospital disability progression and mortality among patients with community‐onset stroke, regardless of stroke subtype.
Source: Nephrology - February 22, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tomoko Usui, Norio Hanafusa, Hideo Yasunaga, Masaomi Nangaku Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Primary Prevention of Stroke in Chronic Kidney Disease Patients: A Scientific Update
Background: Although chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an independent risk factor for stroke, official recommendations for the primary prevention of stroke in CKD are generally lacking.Summary: We searched PubMed and ISI Web of Science for randomised controlled trials, observational studies, reviews, meta-analyses and guidelines referring to measures of stroke prevention or to the treatment of stroke-associated risk factors (cardiovascular disease in general and atrial fibrillation (AF), arterial hypertension or carotid artery disease in particular) among the CKD population. The use of oral anticoagulation in AF appears safe...
Source: Cerebrovascular Diseases - January 9, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Warfarin Use And the Risk Of Stroke, Bleeding, And Mortality In Older Adults On Dialysis With Incident Atrial Fibrillation
ConclusionOlder ESRD patients with AF who were treated with warfarin had a no difference in stroke risk, lower mortality risk, but increased major bleeding risk. The bleeding risk associated with warfarin was greater among women than men. The risk/benefit ratio of warfarin may be less favorable among older women.
Source: Nephrology - December 1, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Jingwen Tan, Sunjae Bae, Jodi B. Segal, Junya Zhu, G. Caleb Alexander, Dorry L. Segev, Mara McAdams ‐DeMarco Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Risk of stroke and bleeding in patients with heart failure and chronic kidney disease: a nationwide cohort study
ConclusionsCompared with patients without CKD, among incident heart failure patients without atrial fibrillation, CKD both with and without dialysis was associated with a higher rate of major bleeding and all‐cause death. Only CKD‐no RRT was associated with a higher rate of ischaemic stroke and intracranial bleeding.
Source: ESC Heart Failure - November 1, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Line Melgaard, Thure Filskov Overvad, Flemming Skj øth, Jeppe Hagstrup Christensen, Torben Bjerregaard Larsen, Gregory Y.H. Lip Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Reverse epidemiology of elevated blood pressure among chronic hemodialysis black patients with stroke: a historical cohort study
The objective of this study was to assess the extent of stroke in chronic hemodialysis patients.
Source: BMC Nephrology - August 30, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Yannick Nlandu, Fran çois Lepira, Jean-Robert Makulo, Yannick Engole, Ernest Sumaili, Marie-Noelle Wameso, Vieux Mokoli, Jeannine Luse, Augustin Longo, Chantal Zinga, Pierre Akilimali, Aliocha Nkodila, Mélanie Bavassa, François Kajingulu, Justine Bukab Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Warfarin Use in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Undergoing Hemodialysis Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Our findings suggest that warfarin should be used carefully in hemodialysis patients, given the higher risk of hemorrhagic events and the lack of ability to prevent thromboembolic complications.
Source: Stroke - August 28, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Chang-Yun Yoon, Juhwan Noh, Jong Hyun Jhee, Tae Ik Chang, Ea Wha Kang, Youn Kyung Kee, Hyoungnae Kim, Seohyun Park, Hae-Ryong Yun, Su-Young Jung, Hyung Jung Oh, Jung Tak Park, Seung Hyeok Han, Shin-Wook Kang, Changsoo Kim, Tae-Hyun Yoo Tags: Arrhythmias, Clinical Studies, Nephrology and Kidney, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Risk of Stroke in Elderly Dialysis Patients.
Authors: Han SS, Ryu DR, Joo KW, Lim CS, Kim YL, Kang SW, Kim YS, Kim DK Abstract Despite the current knowledge about the risk of stroke and its related factors in general population, this issue in elderly patients receiving dialysis remains unresolved. Firstly, to compare the risk of stroke between hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD), data on 13,065 incident dialysis patients (aged ≥ 65 years; 10,675 in HD and 2,390 in PD) were retrieved from the Korean Health Insurance dataset. Secondly, to identify the risk factors of stroke amongst various clinical and laboratory parameters in HD, 980 elderly patie...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - August 5, 2017 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Stroke in Korean Dialysis Population: Another Health Threat Never to Be Underestimated.
Authors: Oh KH PMID: 28776331 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - August 5, 2017 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Predicting in a predicament: Stroke and hemorrhage risk prediction in dialysis patients with atrial fibrillation.
Abstract Whether to anticoagulate dialysis patients with atrial fibrillation is a common clinical dilemma with limited high-quality data to inform decision-making. While the efficacy and safety of anticoagulation for stroke prevention in dialysis patients with atrial fibrillation has long been debated and remains unclear, the more upstream issue of stroke risk assessment from atrial fibrillation has received relatively little attention. In the general population, a handful of risk scores to help predict stroke and hemorrhage risk in the setting of atrial fibrillation are widely validated and applied in clinical pr...
Source: Seminars in Dialysis - July 11, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Molnar AO, Sood MM Tags: Semin Dial Source Type: research

Predicting in a predicament: Stroke and hemorrhage risk prediction in dialysis patients with atrial fibrillation
Abstract Whether to anticoagulate dialysis patients with atrial fibrillation is a common clinical dilemma with limited high‐quality data to inform decision‐making. While the efficacy and safety of anticoagulation for stroke prevention in dialysis patients with atrial fibrillation has long been debated and remains unclear, the more upstream issue of stroke risk assessment from atrial fibrillation has received relatively little attention. In the general population, a handful of risk scores to help predict stroke and hemorrhage risk in the setting of atrial fibrillation are widely validated and applied in clinical practic...
Source: Seminars In Dialysis - July 1, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: Amber O. Molnar, Manish M. Sood Tags: REVIEW ARTICLE Source Type: research

ESRD After Heart Failure, Myocardial Infarction, or Stroke in Type  2 Diabetic Patients With CKD
Conclusions Most ESRD cases occurred in individuals without intercurrent CV events who had lower eGFRs than individuals with intercurrent CV events, but similar post-ESRD mortality. Nevertheless, intercurrent CV events, particularly heart failure, are strongly associated with risk for ESRD. These findings underscore the need for kidney-specific therapies in addition to treatment of CV risk factors to lower ESRD incidence in diabetes.
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - June 7, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Stroke in patients with chronic kidney disease & #8230;: How do we approach and manage it ?
This article is a review of stroke in patients with CKD and approach to managing it.
Source: Indian Journal of Nephrology - May 3, 2017 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: S Nayak-Rao MP Shenoy Source Type: research

Low-dose Apixaban May Be Safe Anti-stroke Option for Dialysis Patients Low-dose Apixaban May Be Safe Anti-stroke Option for Dialysis Patients
Low-dose apixaban achieves blood levels that appear to be safe and might be a “ reasonable alternative ” to warfarin for preventing stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation who are on hemodialysis, new research suggests.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape Critical Care Headlines - March 24, 2017 Category: Intensive Care Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

High Stroke Volume Variation Is an Independent Predictor for Decreased Blood Pressure During Hemodialysis
Abstract It currently remains unclear whether stroke volume variation (SVV) before hemodialysis (HD) is an independent predictor of decreased blood pressure (BP) during HD. Fifty‐two patients were divided into two groups (Decreased BP during HD group: N = 10, Non‐decreased BP group: N = 42). Fractional shortening was lower, and mean arterial pressure (MAP) and SVV were higher in the Decreased BP during HD group. A multiple logistic regression analysis identified low fractional shortening, high MAP, and high SVV as independent predictors of decreased BP during HD. The areas under the ROC curves were as follows: 0.84...
Source: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis - March 9, 2017 Category: Hematology Authors: Fumiki Yoshihara, Masatsugu Kishida, Koji Ogawa, Takayuki Nishigaki, Hironori Nakasaki, Azusa Ishizuka, Ryo Koezuka, Miki Matsuo, Teruyuki Hayashi, Satoko Nakamura Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Warfarin and the risk of stroke and bleeding in patients with atrial fibrillation receiving dialysis: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Conclusion Observational studies suggest that warfarin was not associated with a clear benefit or harm among patients who have atrial fibrillation and are receiving dialysis. These estimates were limited by study heterogeneity including the inability to account for a number of important confounders such as the time in the therapeutic range. Given the high prevalence of atrial fibrillation, stroke, and bleeding complications in this population, well-designed clinical trials of warfarin and other anti-coagulants are urgently needed. Teaser Patients with atrial fibrillation receiving maintenance dialysis are at a high risk of...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - February 20, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Renal Dysfunction Is Associated With Poststroke Discharge Disposition and In-Hospital Mortality Clinical Sciences
Background and Purpose—Kidney disease is a frequent comorbidity in patients presenting with acute ischemic stroke. We evaluated whether the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) on admission is associated with poststroke in-hospital mortality or discharge disposition.Methods—In this cohort study, data from ischemic stroke patients in Get With The Guidelines–Stroke linked to fee-for-service Medicare data were analyzed. The Modification of Diet in Renal Disease study equation was used to calculate the eGFR (mL/min/1.73 m2). Dialysis was identified by International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes....
Source: Stroke - January 22, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Nada El Husseini, Gregg C. Fonarow, Eric E. Smith, Christine Ju, Lee H. Schwamm, Adrian F. Hernandez, Phillip J. Schulte, Ying Xian, Larry B. Goldstein Tags: Mortality/Survival, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Kidney disease patients have higher out-of-pocket costs than stroke and cancer patients
(Loyola University Health System) Patients who have chronic kidney disease but are not on dialysis have higher out-of-pocket healthcare expenses than even stroke and cancer patients, according to a Loyola University Chicago study published in BMC Nephrology.
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - January 17, 2017 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

Vitamin K antagonists for stroke prevention in hemodialysis patients with atrial fibrillation: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Conclusion Our meta-analysis revealed a trend for a reduction of the risk of ischemic stroke in hemodialysis patients with AF treated with VKA. The true protective effect may have been underestimated, owing to inclusion of low-risk patients not expected to benefit from anticoagulation and to suboptimal anticoagulation. However, assessment of the overall effect of VKA in hemodialysis patients should also take into account the increased risk of bleeding, in particular of hemorrhagic stroke. Whether new oral anticoagulants provide a better benefit–risk ratio in hemodialysis patients should be the subject of future trials.
Source: American Heart Journal - October 4, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Association Between Serum Phosphate Levels and Stroke Risk in Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis: The Q-Cohort Study Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Higher serum phosphate levels were associated with an increased risk of brain hemorrhage, whereas low levels were associated with an increased risk of brain infarction in hemodialysis patients. These results suggest the importance of managing serum phosphate levels within an appropriate range in hemodialysis patients. Clinical Trial Registration— URL: http://www.umin.ac.jp/. Unique identifier: UMIN000000556.
Source: Stroke - August 21, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Yamada, S., Tsuruya, K., Taniguchi, M., Tokumoto, M., Fujisaki, K., Hirakata, H., Fujimi, S., Kitazono, T. Tags: Cardiovascular Disease, Epidemiology, Risk Factors, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Dialysis Requiring Acute Kidney Injury in Acute Cerebrovascular Accident Hospitalizations Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Incidence of AKI-D complicating hospitalizations with cerebrovascular accident continues to grow and is associated with increased mortality and adverse discharge. This highlights the need for early diagnosis, better risk stratification, and preparedness for need for complex long-term care in this vulnerable population.
Source: Stroke - October 26, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Nadkarni, G. N., Patel, A. A., Konstantinidis, I., Mahajan, A., Agarwal, S. K., Kamat, S., Annapureddy, N., Benjo, A., Thakar, C. V. Tags: Cerebrovascular disease/stroke, Acute Cerebral Hemorrhage, Acute Cerebral Infarction, Acute Stroke Syndromes Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Multi‐modal CT in acute stroke: wait for a serum creatinine before giving intravenous contrast? No!
ConclusionsThe incidence of CIN is low when MMCT is used routinely to assess acute stroke patients. In this population, CIN was a biochemical phenomenon that did not have clinical manifestations, cause chronic kidney disease, require dialysis, or negatively impact on 90‐day mRS outcomes. Renal profiling and waiting for a baseline serum‐creatinine are an unnecessary delay to emergency reperfusion treatment.
Source: International Journal of Stroke - August 26, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Timothy E. Ang, Andrew Bivard, Christopher Levi, Henry Ma, Chung Y. Hsu, Bruce Campbell, Geoffrey Donnan, Stephen M. Davis, Mark Parsons Tags: Research Source Type: research

Risk Factors of Ischemic Stroke and Subsequent Outcome in Patients Receiving Hemodialysis Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Incidence of stroke is high in patients with ESRD on hemodialysis with high case-fatality. Incident hemodialysis patients had the highest stroke incidence. Many, but not all, important risk factors commonly associated with stroke in the general population were not associated with stroke in patients receiving hemodialysis.
Source: Stroke - August 24, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Findlay, M. D., Thomson, P. C., Fulton, R. L., Solbu, M. D., Jardine, A. G., Patel, R. K., Stevens, K. K., Geddes, C. C., Dawson, J., Mark, P. B. Tags: Cerebrovascular disease/stroke, Risk Factors for Stroke, Epidemiology Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Chronic Kidney Disease and Bleeding Complications After Intravenous Thrombolytic Therapy for Acute Ischemic Stroke Original Articles
Conclusions— Presence of CKD among patients with IS treated with intravenous tissue-type plasminogen activator is associated with higher unadjusted odds of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage or serious systemic hemorrhage, but this is explained by non-CKD related factors.
Source: Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes - November 18, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ovbiagele, B., Smith, E. E., Schwamm, L. H., Grau-Sepulveda, M. V., Saver, J. L., Bhatt, D. L., Hernandez, A. F., Peterson, E. D., Fonarow, G. C. Tags: Cerebrovascular disease/stroke, Risk Factors, Acute Cerebral Infarction, Thrombolysis Original Articles Source Type: research

Acute Renal Failure Is Associated With Higher Death and Disability in Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke: Analysis of Nationwide Inpatient Sample Brief Reports
Conclusions— ARF in patients with AIS is associated with significantly higher rates of moderate to severe disability at discharge and in-hospital mortality.
Source: Stroke - April 28, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Saeed, F., Adil, M. M., Khursheed, F., Daimee, U. A., Branch, L. A., Vidal, G. A., Qureshi, A. I. Tags: Acute Cerebral Infarction Brief Reports Source Type: research