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Total 1647 results found since Jan 2013.

Long-term Clinical Outcomes of Elective Carotid Artery Stenting in Patients Undergoing Maintenance Hemodialysis.
Conclusion CAS in maintenance hemodialysis patients may be feasible and effective for the prevention of stroke with proper case selection, appropriate technique and strict perioperative management. The most common causes of death during the follow-up of maintenance hemodialysis patients were diseases other than stroke. PMID: 32062623 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Internal Medicine - February 19, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research

Prevalence and determinants of elevated D-dimer in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
Conclusion: Patients with HCM may have higher plasma D-dimer levels than subjects without HCM. D-dimer levels in patients with HCM are influenced by age, sex, atrial fibrillation, statin therapy and diastolic blood pressure. PMID: 32057272 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Future Medicine: Biomarkers in Medicine - February 15, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Biomark Med Source Type: research

Targeting Inflammation and Immune System in Acute Myocardial Infarction.
Authors: Alwi I Abstract Over more than two decades, the concept of atherosclerosis has developed and lead to inflammatory hypothesis. Inflammation plays an important role on pathogenesis of atherothrombosis and coronary heart disease (CHD), including acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Although the management of ACS has been demonstrated to be beneficial for secondary prevention of coronary heart disease (such as using statin and aspirin) and also seemed to have positive effect on inflammation, the identification of effective management, specifically targeting inflammation, has been not been comprehensively understood....
Source: Acta medica Indonesiana - February 13, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Acta Med Indones Source Type: research

Antithrombotic treatment in patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing coronary angioplasty: rational convincement and supporting evidence.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that DT is safer than TT with regard to occurrence of major bleeding. DT with a direct oral anticoagulant plus clopidogrel at discharge could be effective in most patients, maintaining aspirin in periprocedural phase and as longer "tailored" treatment for patients at higher ischemic risk. PMID: 32063489 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Internal Medicine - February 13, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Ricottini E, Nenna A, Melfi R, Giannone S, Lusini M, Sciascio GD, Chello M, Ussia GP, Grigioni F Tags: Eur J Intern Med Source Type: research

Patent Foramen Ovale Closure or Antiplatelet Therapy for Cryptogenic Stroke
New England Journal of Medicine, Ahead of Print.
Source: New England Journal of Medicine - February 10, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research

In stroke patients, lower LDL-cholesterol is actually better.
PMID: 32037232 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Internal Medicine - February 6, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Castilla-Guerra L, Perez de Leon JA, Fernandez-Moreno MDC Tags: Eur J Intern Med Source Type: research

Risk factors of haemorrhagic transformation for acute ischaemic stroke in Chinese patients receiving intravenous thrombolysis: A meta-analysis
Conclusion: The systematic review showed that male, age, diabetes, NIHSS, OTT, atrial fibrillation, post stroke, infarct size, and ischemic signs of CT were significantly correlated with hemorrhagic transformation (HT). PROSPERO Registration number: CRD42019127499.
Source: Medicine - February 1, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Source Type: research

Role of injection laryngoplasty in preventing post-stroke aspiration pneumonia, case series report
Conclusion: Injection laryngoplasty proved to be both successful and safe in improving glottic closure with immediate results in those who had failed to show a positive response after long-term swallowing rehabilitation. The positive and dramatic clinical outcomes were observed through changes in the coughing force. Our case series support the use of injection larygnoplasty as a powerful adjunctive treatment method to prevent aspiration pneumonia in post-stroke patients with vocal fold insufficiency. Pre- and post-injection peak cough flow changes may reflect improvement in glottic closure and indicate the safety of swal...
Source: Medicine - February 1, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research

Mini-fluid challenge test predicts stroke volume and arterial pressure fluid responsiveness during spine surgery in prone position: A STARD-compliant diagnostic accuracy study
The study was designed to verify if mini-fluid challenge test is more reliable than dynamic fluid variables in predicting stroke volume (SV) and arterial pressure fluid responsiveness during spine surgery in prone position with low-tidal-volume ventilation. Fifty patients undergoing spine surgery in prone position were included. Fluid challenge with 500 mL of colloid over 15 minutes was given. Changes in SV and systolic blood pressure (SBP) after initial 100 mL were compared with SV, pulse pressure variation (PPV), SV variation (SVV), plethysmographic variability index (PVI), and dynamic arterial elastance (Eadyn) i...
Source: Medicine - February 1, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Diagnostic Accuracy Study Source Type: research

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors for functional independence and depression prevention in early stage of post-stroke: A meta-analysis
Conclusions: Our meta-analysis revealed that early SSRIs therapy were effective to prevent post-stroke depression. However, SSRIs did not improve patient's post-stroke functional independence. In addition to increase the occurrence of seizure and nausea, SSRIs were relatively safe.
Source: Medicine - February 1, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Source Type: research

Admission glucose level was associated with increased short-term mortality and length-of-stay irrespective of diagnosis, treating medical specialty or concomitant laboratory values.
CONCLUSIONS: Short-term mortality increased substantially with admission hypo- and hyperglycemia for patients both with and without diabetes, irrespective of treating medical specialty, main discharge diagnosis, or concurrent laboratory values. Patients with diabetes (16%) were older, with higher glucose levels at admission, and with a different pattern of the association of admission glucose and mortality. PMID: 31982283 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Internal Medicine - January 22, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Björk M, Melin EO, Frisk T, Thunander M Tags: Eur J Intern Med Source Type: research

In ACS with planned invasive evaluation, prasugrel vs ticagrelor reduced a composite of death, MI, or stroke at 1 y.
PMID: 31958819 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Annals of Internal Medicine - January 21, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Raco DL Tags: Ann Intern Med Source Type: research

Risk Factors for Falls in Older Adults Experiencing Homelessness: Results from the HOPE HOME Cohort Study
ConclusionsOlder homeless adults fall frequently. Likely contributors include having a high prevalence of conditions that increase the risk of falls, compounded by heightened exposure to unsafe environments. Fall prevention in this population should target those at highest risk and address modifiable environmental conditions. Providing shelter or housing and addressing substance use could reduce morbidity from falls in homeless older adults.
Source: Journal of General Internal Medicine - January 21, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research

Mortality in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage associated with antiplatelet agents, oral anticoagulants or no antithrombotic therapy.
In conclusion, preceding treatment with antithrombotic is associated with the severity of ICH. Age, previous stroke and clinical severity at presentation were independent predictors of in-hospital death in patients with ICH. PMID: 31955918 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Internal Medicine - January 16, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Franco L, Paciaroni M, Enrico ML, Scoditti U, Guideri F, Chiti A, De Vito A, Terruso V, Consoli D, Vanni S, Giossi A, Manina G, Nitti C, Re R, Sacco S, Cappelli R, Beyer-Westendorf J, Pomero F, Agnelli G, Becattini C Tags: Eur J Intern Med Source Type: research

Left atrial diameter thresholds and new incident atrial fibrillation in embolic stroke of undetermined source.
CONCLUSIONS: The LAD threshold of 40 mm has the best prognostic performance among other LAD values to predict new incident AF after ESUS. The diagnostic yield of prolonged cardiac rhythm monitoring in patients with LAD ≤ 40 mm seems low; therefore, such patients may have lower priority for prolonged cardiac monitoring. PMID: 31952983 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Internal Medicine - January 15, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Perlepe K, Sirimarco G, Strambo D, Eskandari A, Karagkiozi E, Vemmou A, Koroboki E, Manios E, Makaritsis K, Vemmos K, Michel P, Ntaios G Tags: Eur J Intern Med Source Type: research

One-year clinical events and management of patients with atrial fibrillation hospitalized in cardiology centers: Data from the BLITZ-AF study.
CONCLUSIONS: The follow-up of the BLITZ-AF study provide an up to date picture of the clinical course of patients with AF, who appear frequently affected by heart failure and severe comorbidities which might have led to the high mortality rate. PMID: 31952984 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Internal Medicine - January 14, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Cemin R, Colivicchi F, Maggioni AP, Boriani G, De Luca L, Di Lenarda A, Di Pasquale G, Fabbri G, Lucci D, Gulizia MM, On the behalf of BLITZ-AF Investigators Tags: Eur J Intern Med Source Type: research

Heat Stroke Lesions in the Globus Pallidus.
Authors: Hirayama I, Inokuchi R, Ueda Y, Doi K PMID: 31915313 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Internal Medicine - January 11, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research

Endothelial function in patients with atrial fibrillation.
Authors: Khan AA, Thomas GN, Lip GYH, Shantsila A Abstract Atrial fibrillation is the most common heart arrhythmia and is associated with poor outcomes. The adverse effects of atrial fibrillation are mediated through multiple pathways, including endothelial dysfunction, as measured by flow-mediated dilatation. Flow-mediated dilatation has demonstrated endothelial dysfunction in several conditions and is associated with poor outcomes including mortality, yet can be improved with medical therapy. It is thus a useful tool in assessing endothelial function in patients.Endothelial dysfunction is present in patients with...
Source: Annals of Medicine - January 8, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Ann Med Source Type: research

Stroke warning syndromes.
Abstract It is important for physicians to be aware of stroke warning syndromes because, although rare, there is a high associated risk of subsequent ischaemic infarction. Stroke warning syndromes present as stereotypical, recurrent transient episodes of focal neurological deficit, in the absence of cortical signs, occurring within a short period of time. They are broadly divided into two main subtypes, based on vascular territory: capsular warning syndrome and pontine warning syndrome. The exact underlying pathophysiology related to stroke warning syndromes is incompletely established, but proposed pathophysiolog...
Source: British Journal of Hospital Medicine - January 2, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Sen A, Birns J, Bhalla A Tags: Br J Hosp Med (Lond) Source Type: research

Patients ’ and Clinicians’ Preferences on Outcomes and Medication Attributes for Type 2 Diabetes: a Mixed-Methods Study
ConclusionsPatients and clinicians differ in the perception of the relative importance of treatment outcomes and drug characteristics. Individual patient preferences should be explored and implemented in the therapeutic decision-making for type 2 diabetes.
Source: Journal of General Internal Medicine - January 2, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research

Metabolic syndrome risk in relation to posttraumatic stress disorder among trauma-exposed civilians in Gansu Province, China
This study included 1456 men and 1411 women who were trauma-exposed and underwent routine health examinations in a community epidemiological investigation. The participants completed the posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) Check List-Civilian Version (PCL-C) for PTSD and medical examinations to detect metabolic syndrome. Adjustments for age, marriage, exercise, education, cigarette smoking, cancer, stroke, angina, and thyroid disease were performed. The relationship between PTSD and metabolic syndrome and each of its components was analyzed by multiple logistic regression. In women, PTSD was associated with metabolic syn...
Source: Medicine - January 1, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research

Statins reduce new-onset atrial fibrillation after acute myocardial infarction: A nationwide study
The objective of this study was to investigate whether statins confer a beneficial effect on AF after AMI. Data available in the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database on 32886 AMI patients between 2008 and 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. Total 27553 (83.8%) had complete 1-yr follow-up data. Cardiovascular outcomes were analyzed based on the baseline characteristics and AF type (existing, new-onset, or non-AF). AF groups had significantly higher incidence of heart failure (HF), stroke, all-cause death, and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular event (MACCE) after index AMI (all P 
Source: Medicine - January 1, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research

Ginkgol Biloba extract as an adjunctive treatment for ischemic stroke: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials
Conclusions: GBE appears to improve neurological function and dependence compared with conventional therapy for ischemic stroke at different stages and appears generally safe for clinical application. The lack of improvement in recurrence rate was confirmed by trial sequential analysis. Due to the generally weak evidence, further large, rigorous trials are warranted.
Source: Medicine - January 1, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Source Type: research

Cerebral sinovenous thrombosis in a child with ulcerative colitis: A case report
Rationale: Cerebral sinovenous thrombosis (CVT) associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is infrequent, but clinically nonnegligible due to its high disability and fatality rates. Patient concerns: A 12-year-old child with newly developed ulcerative colitis (UC) suffered from a sudden left-sided hemiparesis and numbness. Diagnoses: Cerebral sinovenous thrombosis due to ulcerative colitis was diagnosed in this girl. Interventions: The patient was treated with blood transfusion and anticoagulation therapy. Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and urokinase thrombolysis were implemented followed. Outcomes...
Source: Medicine - January 1, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research

FLAIR vascular hyperintensity-DWI mismatch most likely to benefit from recanalization and good outcome after stroke
We assessed the value of fluid-attenuated inversion recovery vascular hyperintensity (FVH)-diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) mismatch in predicting revascularization and functional outcome in stroke patients with large vessel occlusion (LVO) after endovascular thrombectomy (EVT). Seventy-two acute stroke patients within 6 hour of stroke onset who received EVT were enrolled. FVH-DWI mismatch, revascularization (mTICI score), functional outcome (mRS at 3 months) and other clinical data were collected. Statistical analysis was performed to predict revascularization and functional outcome after stroke. Twenty-nine patients ...
Source: Medicine - January 1, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research

Long-term efficacy after closure of patent foramen ovale for ischemic neurological events in young adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Background: The efficacy of patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure remains controversial, and it is unclear which patient groups are best benefited. We performed this meta-analysis to clarify the efficacy of PFO closure of younger patients for prevention of recurrent ischemic neurological events. Methods: We systematically searched for studies of PFO closure for younger patients under the age of 55, and pooled available data on PFO closure of younger vs older patients and on PFO closure of younger patients vs medical therapy. The primary endpoints were the composite outcome of recurrent ischemic neurological events [strok...
Source: Medicine - January 1, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Source Type: research

Similar thrombolysis outcomes in acute stroke patients with and without atrial fibrillation if pre-stroke CHA2DS2-VASc score is low: A retrospective study
The prognosis of acute ischemic stroke patients treated with intravenous (IV) recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) is poorer in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) than patients without AF, which might be related to the greater stroke severity in AF patients. Higher pre-stroke CHA2DS2-VASc scores are associated with greater stroke severity and poorer outcomes. AF Patients tend to have higher CHA2DS2-VASc scores than the non-AF patients. We thus hypothesized that pre-stroke CHA2DS2-VASc scores can be used to improve outcome stratification of IV thrombolysis therapy in acute stroke patients with and without AF....
Source: Medicine - January 1, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research

Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation exhibiting recanalization >10 years after coil embolization: Two case reports
We described the first 2 cases diagnosed with PAVM recanalization>10 years after the first catheter embolization. These cases suggest that patients with PAVMs should undergo life-long follow-up after catheter embolization.
Source: Medicine - January 1, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research

Long-term functional prognosis of patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage treated with rehabilitation combined with hyperbaric oxygen: Case-series study
The long-term prognosis of patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) has received increasing attention in recent years. Hyperbaric oxygen and rehabilitation are already used in clinical treatment of patients with aSAH, but it is unclear whether it can improve the long-term prognosis of patients postoperation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term prognosis and prognostic factors associated with combined rehabilitation and hyperbaric oxygen therapy for patients with aSAH. Information were retrospectively collected from patients with aSAH treated from October 2014 to July 2017, including demo...
Source: Medicine - January 1, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research

The diagnostic performance of magnetic resonance imaging for differentiating the nature of cardiac masses: A systematic review protocol
Conclusion: To our knowledge, this will be the first systematic review on the accuracy of CMR in the differential diagnosis of cardiac masses. This study will provide evidence and data to form a comprehensive understanding of the clinical value of CMR for cardiac masses patients. Ethics and dissemination: Ethics approval and patient consent are not required, as this study is a systematic review. PROSPERO registration number: CRD42019137800.
Source: Medicine - January 1, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Study Protocol Systematic Review Source Type: research

Association between interleukin-10 -1082A/G polymorphism and risk of ischemic stroke: A meta-analysis
In conclusion, this meta-analysis suggested that the IL-10 -1082A/G polymorphism contributes to decreased ischemic stroke risk. Further large-scale and well-designed studies are still needed to confirm the results of our meta-analysis.
Source: Medicine - January 1, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology Source Type: research

Frailty syndrome in daily practice of interventional cardiology ward—rationale and design of the FRAPICA trial: A STROBE-compliant prospective observational study
The objectives are to report Fried frailty scale and IADL scale dispersion before hospital discharge and to assess predictive impact of both scores. The endpoints are: success of interventional treatment, its complications (procedure related myocardial infarction, dye-induced renal function deterioration, loss of blood), 3-year mortality, either all-cause and cardiovascular, re-infarction, re-intervention, stroke, new-onset heart failure, any hospital readmission, and a combination of all above mentioned. Secondary analyses will focus on distinct clinical patient presentations, sub-classifications of frailty for modeling o...
Source: Medicine - January 1, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research

d-dimer and diffusion-weighted imaging pattern as two diagnostic indicators for cancer-related stroke: A case–control study based on the STROBE guidelines
The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors and elucidate the clinical characteristics of cancer-associated ischemic stroke to differentiate it from conventional ischemic stroke in China and East Asia. Between June 2012 and June 2016, a retrospective analysis was performed on 609 stroke patients with cancer. They were divided into 3 groups: cancer-stroke group (CSG, 203 cases), stroke group (SG, 203 cases), and cancer group (CG, 203 cases). The d-dimer levels and diffusion-weighted imaging lesion (DWI) pattern were compared to an age- and sex-matched control group. The most common cancer types were colorectal ca...
Source: Medicine - January 1, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research

Global research productions pertaining to atrial fibrillation from 2004 to 2018: A bibliometric analysis
Conclusion: Bibliometric analysis of the literature shows that research on AF continues to be a hot spot, and the clinical treatment of AF is an important research frontier. However, further research and collaboration are needed worldwide. Our findings aim to provide valuable information for the editors of journals that publish research on arrhythmia, and to help researchers identify new perspectives for future researches.
Source: Medicine - January 1, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Source Type: research

The prevalence of stroke according to indoor radon concentration in South Koreans: Nationwide cross section study
This study combines 2 nationwide studies. Demographic characteristics and medical history of participants were obtained from Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) from 2007 to 2012. Participants over 40 years old and who completed the questionnaire were included in the study. Indoor radon concentration was analyzed using the mean value of winter housing radon concentration from 2012 to 2016 published by the National Institute of Environmental Research. The average values of each metropolitan city and province were assigned to the residence of the participant. To eliminate the potential confoundi...
Source: Medicine - January 1, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome with ischemic infarction complicated with intrauterine fetal death: A case report
We report a case of PRES with stroke in an adult with intrauterine fetal death (IUFD). Patient concerns: A 35-year-old Asian woman with twin pregnancy underwent cesarean section at 32 weeks of gestation because of IUFD. She presented with focal seizures and visual field defect 2 days after undergoing cesarean section. Her blood pressure and kidney, liver, and coagulation functions were normal without proteinuria. Diagnosis: PRES was diagnosed based on a series of brain magnetic resonance imaging findings. Ischemic infarction in the right frontal lobe eventually developed to encephalomalacia. Interventions: The pat...
Source: Medicine - January 1, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research

Erectile dysfunction and associated risk factors in male patients with ischemic stroke: A cross-sectional study
This study aimed to investigate the incidence of ED, sexual quality of life, and mental state of patients after stroke, as well as analyze the relevant risk factors affecting their psychological status. A total of 361 IS patients were enrolled. The international erectile function index-5 scale was used to diagnose ED. Accordingly, the patients were divided into ED group and non-ED group. Magnetic resonance imaging was used to evaluate the brain lesions of patients. We assessed neurological deficits by the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score and patient health questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) and general anxiety disord...
Source: Medicine - January 1, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research

Impact of Stroke Volume Index and Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction on Mortality After Aortic Valve Replacement
To assess the impact of stroke volume index (SVI) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) on prognosis in patients with severe aortic stenosis, comparing those undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and those with surgical AVR (SAVR).
Source: Mayo Clinic Proceedings - January 1, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Saki Ito, Vuyisile T. Nkomo, David A. Orsinelli, Grace Lin, Joao Cavalcante, Jeffrey J. Popma, David H. Adams, Stanley J. Checuti, G. Michael Deeb, Michael Boulware, Jian Huang, Stephen H. Little, Sidney A. Cohen, Michael J. Reardon, Jae K. Oh Tags: Original article Source Type: research

82-Year-Old Woman With Acute-Onset Left-Sided Weakness
An 82-year-old woman with a history of type 2 diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, and hypertension presented to the emergency department with sudden onset of left arm and leg weakness. She was sitting in church when she developed left-sided posterior neck and shoulder pain, followed 1 hour later by sudden-onset dense left-sided weakness. Emergency medical services were called, and they activated the prehospital stroke-notification protocol. The patient arrived at the emergency department approximately 30 minutes after the onset of the weakness.
Source: Mayo Clinic Proceedings - January 1, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Ronstan Lobo, Adam P. Sawatsky Tags: Residents ’ clinic Source Type: research

Primum non nocere does not justify clinical inertia for stroke prevention in elderly patients with atrial fibrillation in the era of direct oral anticoagulants.
PMID: 31889597 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Internal Medicine - December 27, 2019 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Cavallari I, Patti G Tags: Eur J Intern Med Source Type: research

The Association between Earlobe Creases and Cardiovascular Events in Japanese Hemodialysis Patients: A Prospective Cohort Study.
Conclusion Earlobe creases were not independently associated with cardiovascular events among Japanese hemodialysis patients, suggesting that these marks are simply indicative of advanced age. PMID: 31839659 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Internal Medicine - December 18, 2019 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research

Cardiometabolic disease costs associated with suboptimal diet in the United States: A cost analysis based on a microsimulation model
ConclusionsSuboptimal diet of 10 dietary factors accounts for 18.2% of all ischemic heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes costs in the US, highlighting that timely implementation of diet policies could address these health and economic burdens.
Source: PLoS Medicine - December 17, 2019 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Thiago Veiga Jardim Source Type: research

In acute ischemic stroke with hyperglycemia, intensive vs standard glucose control did not improve 90-day outcomes.
PMID: 31842225 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Annals of Internal Medicine - December 17, 2019 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Alberts MJ Tags: Ann Intern Med Source Type: research

In acute ischemic stroke with potentially salvageable tissue, thrombectomy at 6 to 16 h increased living at home.
PMID: 31842224 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Annals of Internal Medicine - December 17, 2019 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Hankey GJ Tags: Ann Intern Med Source Type: research

A nonlinear association between resting heart rate and ischemic stroke among community elderly hypertensive patients.
Conclusions: In Chinese elderly hypertensive patients, elevated resting heart rate was an independent predictor of ischemic stroke, and the optimal resting heart rate was around 70bpm. PMID: 31829063 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Postgraduate Medicine - December 13, 2019 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Postgrad Med Source Type: research

An exaggerated increase in blood pressure with exercise does not predict mortality or severe cardiovascular events in women referred for exercise echocardiography for clinical reasons
ConclusionsEBPIE is not associated with mortality or severe cardiovascular events in women with known or suspected coronary artery disease.ResumenFundamento y objetivosLa asociación entre un incremento exagerado de la presión arterial sistólica con el ejercicio (IEPASE) y la probabilidad de eventos cardiovasculares es controvertida y poco estudiada en población femenina. Nuestro propósito fue determinar la posible asociación de un IEPASE con mortalidad y eventos cardiovasculares en mujeres referidas a ecocardiografía de ejercicio por enfermedad coronaria conocida o sospechada.Pacientes y métodosSe realizó ecocardi...
Source: Revista Clinica Espanola - December 4, 2019 Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research

Should This Patient Be Screened for Atrial Fibrillation?: Grand Rounds Discussion From Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center.
Discussion From Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center. Ann Intern Med. 2019 Dec 03;171(11):828-836 Authors: Burns RB, Zimetbaum P, Lubitz SA, Smetana GW Abstract Atrial fibrillation (AFib) is the most common type of cardiac arrhythmia, affecting 2.7 million to 6.1 million persons in the United States. Although some persons with AFib have no symptoms, others do. For those without symptoms, AFib may be detected by 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG), single-lead monitors (such as ambulatory blood pressure monitors and pulse oximeters), or consumer devices (such as wearable monitors and smartphones). Pulse pa...
Source: Annals of Internal Medicine - December 3, 2019 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Burns RB, Zimetbaum P, Lubitz SA, Smetana GW Tags: Ann Intern Med Source Type: research

The role of hydroxyurea to prevent silent stroke in sickle cell disease: Systematic review and meta-analysis
Conclusion: Our findings suggest that hydroxyurea is safe and may prevent silent stroke and stroke in sickle cell disease. More high-quality studies including RCTs are needed.
Source: Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Source Type: research

Impact of contrast-enhanced transcranial Doppler ultrasound diagnosis for young adult with cryptogenic stroke: A protocol of systematic review
Conclusion: The results of this study may summarize up-to-date evidence of cTCD diagnosis for young adult with CS. Systematic review registration: PROSPERO CRD42019145641.
Source: Medicine - December 1, 2019 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Study Protocol Systematic Review Source Type: research

Altered Brain Regional Homogeneity Following Contralateral Acupuncture at Quchi (LI 11) and Zusanli (ST 36) in Ischemic Stroke Patients with Left Hemiplegia: An fMRI Study
ConclusionsAcupuncture at one side could stimulate bilateral regions. CAT could evoke the gyrus which was possibly related to motor recovery from stroke. A promising indicator of neurobiological deficiencies could be represented by ReHo values in post-stroke patients.
Source: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine - November 28, 2019 Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research