Query: stroke

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Total 71 results found since Jan 2013.

Endovascular technique simulator for Neuroradiology learning
Conclusion: The simulator is ready for testing by residents and can enable the student to learn through simulations that reproduce, as realistically as possible, the situation to be subsequently experienced using a concrete tool.RESUMO Introdu ção: O acidente vascular cerebral (AVC) é a terceira causa de morte em todo o mundo e uma oclusão arterial aguda é o principal mecanismo subjacente ao AVC isquêmico. As doenças cerebrovasculares são tratadas por intervenções endovasculares intracranianas utilizando técnicas intravascular es minimamente invasivas, como a neuroimagem. Realizar treinamento prático nessa áre...
Source: Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria - October 7, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Middle School Students Effectively Improve Stroke Knowledge and Pass Them to Family Members in China Using Stroke 1-2-0
Conclusion: Middle school and high school students can effectively use Stroke 1-2-0 to improve their stroke knowledge and pass this knowledge to their family members. Sustained educational efforts and repeated educational events are needed though.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - April 7, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Status epilepticus mimicking stroke recurrence
This article is part of the Special Issue “Seizures & Stroke”
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - October 17, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Status epilepticus mimicking stroke recurrence.
CONCLUSION: Status epilepticus is not infrequent in patients with previous stroke and may present with negative neurological symptoms, thus mimicking a stroke recurrence. EEG should be considered as a potential diagnostic tool in the acute stroke setting, at least in patients with previous stroke. This article is part of the Special Issue "Seizures & Stroke". PMID: 31629647 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - October 15, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Pauletto G, Bax F, Gigli GL, Lorenzut S, Verriello L, Corazza E, Valente M Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research

Familiarity with visual forms contributes to a left-lateralized and increased N170 response for Chinese characters
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2019Source: NeuropsychologiaAuthor(s): Licheng Xue, Urs Maurer, Xuchu Weng, Jing ZhaoAbstractWhile skilled readers produce an increased and left-lateralized event-related-potential (ERP) component, known as N170, for strings of letters compared to strings of less familiar units, it remains unclear whether perceptual familiarity plays an important role in driving increased and left-lateralized N170 for print. The present study addressed this issue by examining N170 responses for regular Chinese characters and cursive Chinese characters which are visually less familiar regardin...
Source: Neuropsychologia - September 20, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Decreased CSF Levels of ß-Amyloid in Patients With Cortical Superficial Siderosis
Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that the presence and extent of cSS are associated with reduced CSF ß-amyloid 42 levels. Further studies are needed to investigate the underlying mechanisms of this association. Introduction Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA)—characterized by the deposition of ß-amyloid in the walls of leptomeningeal vessels—is a common cerebral small vessel disease and a major cause of intracerebral hemorrhage in the elderly (1–3). Furthermore, it has become evident that CAA is associated with cognitive impairment (4). Specifically, it has been shown that ...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - April 25, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Hemodynamic Characteristics Associated With Paraclinoid Aneurysm Recurrence in Patients After Embolization
Conclusions: High peak systolic WSS, OSI and velocity around aneurysm neck areas after embolization of paraclinoidal aneurysms may be important factors leading to recurrence. Introduction Paraclinoid aneurysms are defined as aneurysms arising from the segment of the internal carotid artery (ICA) between the distal dural ring and the origin of the posterior communicating artery. They account for approximately 1.3–5% of all intracranial aneurysms and they comprise the majority of such aneurysms in females (1–3). Hemodynamic characteristics are thought to be the most important risk factors for occurrence...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - April 24, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Stroke Dysbiosis Index (SDI) in Gut Microbiome Are Associated With Brain Injury and Prognosis of Stroke
Conclusions: We developed an index to measure gut microbiota dysbiosis in stroke patients; this index was significantly correlated with patients' outcome and was causally related to outcome in a mouse model of stroke. Our model facilitates the potential clinical application of gut microbiota data in stroke and adds quantitative evidence linking the gut microbiota to stroke. Introduction Ischemic stroke imposes a heavy burden on society, with 24.9 million cases worldwide (1). Although intravenous thrombolysis and endovascular treatment greatly improve some patients' prognosis, the prognosis for most pa...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - April 23, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Modifiable Lifestyle Factors and Cognitive Function in Older People: A Cross-Sectional Observational Study
Conclusions: Lifestyle factors, such as physical activity, sleep, and social activity appear to be associated with cognitive function among older people. Physical activity and appropriate durations of sleep and conversation are important for cognitive function. Introduction Dementia is a major public health issue worldwide, with a serious burden for patients, caregivers, and society, as well as substantial economic impacts (1). Although the prevalence of late-life cognitive impairment and dementia are expected to increase in future, effective disease-modifying treatments are currently unavailable. Therefore, unders...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - April 23, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

The Predictive Capacity of the Buffalo Concussion Treadmill Test After Sport-Related Concussion in Adolescents
Conclusion This study found that the ΔHR (HRt minus resting HR) correlated with duration of clinical recovery in participants who were prescribed relative rest or a placebo-stretching program but not for participants prescribed sub-threshold aerobic exercise. A ΔHR of ≤50 bpm on the BCTT was 73% sensitive and 78% specific for predicting delayed recovery in concussed adolescents prescribed the current standard of care (i.e., cognitive and physical rest). This has implications for planning team and school activities in adolescents who sustain SRC. Ethics Statement This study was carried out in acco...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - April 23, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Combination of Dexmedetomidine and Ketamine for Magnetic Resonance Imaging Sedation
Conclusions: The efficacy of DEX–KET sedation was comparable to that of midazolam for MRI examination. DEX–KET was related to shorter scan time and lower occurrence of complications compared to midazolam. Introduction Neurocritically ill patients often require brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in addition to conventional neurological evaluations. Brain MRI can reveal structural lesions with a high sensitivity due to its excellent spatial resolution and enhanced soft tissue contrast (1–3). To acquire MRI images, patients' cooperation is imperative. However, keeping patients with ...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - April 23, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Influence of Sex on Stroke Prognosis: A Demographic, Clinical, and Molecular Analysis
Conclusion Our data suggest that women who suffer from IS present with a poorer functional outcome than men at 3-months, regardless of other preclinical and clinical factors during the acute phase. These relationships seem to be mediated by atrial dysfunction and inflammation. The inflammatory response is slightly higher in women; however, there are no sex differences in their functional behavior. There is a probable relationship between the molecular marker of atrial dysfunction NT-proBNP and worse functional outcome in women, and the connection seems to be more important in cardioembolic stroke patients. In patients wi...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - April 16, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Age Is a Greater Influence on Small Saccades Than Target Size in Normal Subjects on the Horizontal Video Head Impulse Test
Conclusion: While this study suggests that target size may have a statistically significant impact on the vHIT saccade profile of normal subjects, age has a greater influence on the incidence and size of small vHIT saccades. Introduction The video head impulse test (vHIT) is a quantitative adaptation of the clinical head impulse test (1), and enables functional assessment of the high-frequency angular vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) in all three planes of head rotation (2, 3). Lightweight goggles worn by the subject detect head movement using an accelerometer and gyroscope, and a high frame rate video camera tracks eye...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - April 15, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Decompressive Craniectomy for Traumatic Brain Injury: Postoperative Cerebral Hemodynamic Evaluation
Conclusion: There is a wide heterogeneity of postoperative cerebral hemodynamic findings among TBI patients who underwent DC, including hemodynamic heterogeneity between their cerebral hemispheres. DC was proved to be effective for the treatment of cerebral oligoemia. Our data support the concept of heterogeneous nature of the pathophysiology of the TBI and suggest that DC as the sole treatment modality is insufficient. Introduction Decompressive craniectomy (DC) may effectively decrease intracranial pressure (ICP) and increase cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients with refracto...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - April 11, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

The Young Male Syndrome —An Analysis of Sex, Age, Risk Taking and Mortality in Patients With Severe Traumatic Brain Injuries
Conclusion The willingness of young males to engage in dangerous situations might be adaptive in terms of fitness maximization. Nonetheless, for some individuals this intense sexual competition can be detrimental to health. The correspondence between the age distribution of the reproductively most active population and those suffering sTBI only partially supports the evolutionary hypothesis about risk-taking behavior. The prevalence of higher external mortality rates of young males, on the other hand, was not present in our data at all, nor did we find any support for the assumption that sTBI acquired from riskier behavio...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - April 11, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Decompressive Craniectomy for Traumatic Brain Injury: Postoperative TCD Cerebral Hemodynamic Evaluation
Conclusion: There is a wide heterogeneity of postoperative cerebral hemodynamic findings among TBI patients who underwent DC, including hemodynamic heterogeneity between their cerebral hemispheres. DC was proved to be effective for the treatment of cerebral oligoemia. Our data support the concept of heterogeneous nature of the pathophysiology of the TBI and suggest that DC as the sole treatment modality is insufficient. Introduction Decompressive craniectomy (DC) may effectively decrease intracranial pressure (ICP) and increase cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients with refracto...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - April 11, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

HIV infection does not influence stroke outcomes in HIV-infected patients: A prospective study.
CONCLUSION: HIV infection does not affect in-hospital mortality and functional outcome in stroke patients a part the length of hospital stay. PMID: 30948261 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revue Neurologique - April 6, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Rev Neurol (Paris) Source Type: research

Variability in the use of neuroimaging techniques for diagnosis and follow-up of stroke patients
Publication date: Available online 14 January 2019Source: Neurología (English Edition)Author(s): C. Valcárcel-Nazco, D. Alonso-Modino, F. Montón-Álvarez, R. Sabatel-Hernández, M.S. Pastor-Santoveña, P. Mesa-Blanco, J.C. López-Fernández, P. Serrano-AguilarAbstractIntroduction and objectiveImaging diagnosis is essential for treatment planning in stroke patients. However, use of these techniques varies due to uncertainty about their effectiveness. Our purpose was to describe the use of CT and MRI in stroke and transient ischaemic attack (TIA) over 5 years in hospitals belonging to the Canary Islands Health Service and...
Source: Neurologia - January 15, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Global Neurology: Navigating Career Possibilities
Semin Neurol 2018; 38: 145-151 DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1647245Neurology has not typically been associated with international relief work; however, with the growth of chronic cardiovascular disease and stroke associated with unhealthy eating and sedentary ways, the appearance of “new” neurologic diseases, such as the Zika and West Nile viruses, and the high numbers of seizure disorders resulting from neuroinfectious diseases, more opportunities are arising for international and globally oriented neurologists. Multiple opportunities exist for developing a global clinician–educator career pathway, including private institut...
Source: Seminars in Neurology - May 23, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Schiess, Nicoline Saylor, Deanna Zunt, Joseph Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Speak Therapy
In this essay, a medical student reflects on his grandfather ’s experience with stroke and the ways emotions and personal relationships affect a patient’s health.
Source: JAMA Neurology - March 12, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Beliefs of rehabilitation professionals towards guided self-rehabilitation contracts for post stroke hemiparesis.
Conclusions The strategy of asking patients to perform exercises alone, in the practice or at home, is still not accepted by a large proportion of physical therapy professionals as compared with students or with physicians. Most therapists still see a <5-h weekly duration of exercise as sufficient after stroke. Few therapists are ready to utilize the persistence of behavior-induced brain plasticity regardless of age or delay after the lesion. PMID: 28956737 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - September 28, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Marsal C, Gracies JM, Dean C, Mesure S, Bayle N Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

The emerging partnership between palliative care and stroke
Stroke care displays 2 truisms. First, a severe stroke is a common event often close to one's death. It unleashes a series of intense conversations among clinicians, patients, and families, rife with uncertainty, about health states with varying degrees of acceptability and what makes life worth living.1 Second, enormous variations in clinical practice remain prevalent, including end-of-life care practices. This end-of-life practice variation has been called a hidden curriculum, providing medical students with insights into how the location of their residency training helps shape the type of physicians they will become.2 I...
Source: Neurology Clinical Practice - June 12, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Holloway, R. G., Bernat, J. L. Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Early Palliative Care Consultation Decreases Length of Stay in Severe Stroke Patients (P1.211)
Conclusions:Early PCC in severe stroke patients decreased hospital LOS by 3 days. This may be due to prompt clarification of goals of care and hastened discharge to hospice. Advanced age, poor pre-stroke functional status, and severe post-stroke deficits and disability warrant early PCC. In addition to decreasing LOS, further study is needed to determine whether early PCC also limits futile tests, procedures, and iatrogenic complications. Ultimately, timely identification of PCC candidates may produce higher satisfaction and decreased hospital costs.Disclosure: Dr. Schloss has nothing to disclose. Dr. Tversky has nothing t...
Source: Neurology - April 17, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Schloss, E. R., Tversky, S., Katz, J. M., Wright, P. Tags: Pain and Palliative Care Source Type: research

The evaluation of sexual function in women with stroke
Conclusion: Sexual dysfunction is a commonly seen disorder in women with stroke, and is influenced by the severity of disease, level of dependence and accompanying depression. Therefore, evaluation of sexual dysfunction, depression and levels of physical function should be done in women with stroke during their follow up.
Source: Neurology India - March 9, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Halim Yilmaz Haluk Gumus Sema D Yilmaz Halil E Akkurt Faruk O Odabas Source Type: research

Stroke awareness in Korean high school students
This study was the first to investigate the basic knowledge of Korean adolescents about stroke and evaluate the improvement of this knowledge after an educational lecture. In total, 1269 high school students were instructed on the risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, and management of stroke. Knowledge was evaluated before education (Pre-E), immediately after the lecture (Post-E1), and during a 2-week follow-up (Post-E2), using a questionnaire. Overall, we found that students ’ knowledge increased after the educational session. On the questionnaire section pertaining to stroke risk factors, out of nine possible points, the...
Source: Acta Neurologica Belgica - February 1, 2017 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Arterial Tortuosity: An Imaging Biomarker of Childhood Stroke Pathogenesis? Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— In children with dissection and transient cerebral arteriopathy, cerebral arteries demonstrate increased tortuosity. Quantified arterial tortuosity may represent a clinically relevant imaging biomarker of vascular biology in pediatric stroke.
Source: Stroke - April 24, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Wei, F., Diedrich, K. T., Fullerton, H. J., deVeber, G., Wintermark, M., Hodge, J., Kirton, A., the Vascular Effects of Infection in Pediatric Stroke (VIPS) Investigators, Dowling, Benedict, Bernard, Fox, Friedman, Lo, Ichord, Tan, Mackay, Hernandez, Hump Tags: Risk Factors, Angiography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Ischemic Stroke, Vascular Disease Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

GPER expressed on microglia mediates the anti‐inflammatory effect of estradiol in ischemic stroke
ConclusionsOur studies have suggested that GPER expressed on microglia mediated the anti‐inflammatory effect of estradiol after ischemic stroke. Our studies could potentially help to develop more specific drugs to manage inflammation postischemic stroke. GPER was highly expressed in activated microglia after ischemia and estradiol. The specific GPER agonist G1 could inhibit the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines including IL‐1β and TNF‐α, which the anti‐inflammatory effect of G1 and E2 were both abolished by the specific GPER antagonist G15.
Source: Brain and Behavior - March 21, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Tian‐Zhi Zhao, Qian Ding, Jun Hu, Shi‐Ming He, Fei Shi, Lian‐Ting Ma Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Hackathon as a way to raise awareness and foster innovation for stroke
Conclusion Hackathons can focus attention on innovation and improvement opportunities to support the World Stroke Campaign, as well as other campaigns to raise awareness for other health or social problems.RESUMO O conceito ‘Tempo é Cérebro “tem sido um grande foco na Campanha Mundial de conscientização sobre AVC. Objetivo Nós descrevemos experiência com Hackathon (junção das palavras hack+marathon) , um evento de 24 horas voltado a desenvolvimento de inovação tecnológica, centrada em torno de detecção de AVC. Método O Hackathon aconteceu durante o congresso da Associação de Estudante Brasileiros no Ext...
Source: Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria - December 11, 2015 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Effect of socioeconomic level on knowledge of stroke in the general population: A social inequality gradient
Conclusions Educational level, income, employment status, and state of health are independent factors for adequate knowledge of stroke. Public awareness campaigns should present material using simple language and efforts should be directed towards the most disadvantaged social strata in particular.
Source: Neurologia - December 2, 2015 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Textbook of Stroke Medicine
A successful medical textbook is one that contains well-researched and current material that is clearly written, supported by helpful diagrams and tables, and also concise and manageable. It should be comprehended within a finite period of time that, for the physician, is filled with activity in an academic or medical environment. I am writing this review from the viewpoint of a stroke neurologist who is involved in teaching medical students, residents, midlevel health care professionals, and patients and their families. I find Textbook of Stroke Medicine by Brainin and Heiss to be an exceptional book that meets and someti...
Source: JAMA Neurology - December 1, 2015 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Novel TIA biomarkers identified by mass spectrometry‐based proteomics
ConclusionsUtilizing mass spectrometry‐based proteomics, platelet basic protein has been identified as a candidate serum biomarker for transient ischemic attack. This unbiased proteomic approach may be a promising method to identify novel biomarkers to more precisely diagnose transient ischemic attacks.
Source: International Journal of Stroke - August 26, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Paul M. George, Michael Mlynash, Christopher M. Adams, Calvin J. Kuo, Gregory W. Albers, Jean‐Marc Olivot Tags: Research Source Type: research

Novel TIA biomarkers identified by mass spectrometry ‐based proteomics
ConclusionsUtilizing mass spectrometry‐based proteomics, platelet basic protein has been identified as a candidate serum biomarker for transient ischemic attack. This unbiased proteomic approach may be a promising method to identify novel biomarkers to more precisely diagnose transient ischemic attacks.
Source: International Journal of Stroke - August 25, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Paul M. George, Michael Mlynash, Christopher M. Adams, Calvin J. Kuo, Gregory W. Albers, Jean ‐Marc Olivot Tags: Research Source Type: research

Effective Education Materials to Advance Stroke Awareness Without Teacher Participation in Junior High School Students
Youth stroke education is promising for the spread of stroke awareness. The aim of this study was to examine whether our stroke awareness teaching materials without teacher's participation can increase student awareness to act fast on suspected stroke signs.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - July 28, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Satoshi Ohyama, Chiaki Yokota, Fumio Miyashita, Tatsuo Amano, Yasuteru Inoue, Yuya Shigehatake, Yuki Sakamoto, Kazunori Toyoda, Kazuo Minematsu Source Type: research

Quality of In-Hospital Stroke Care in Veterans Affairs Hospitals (P5.146)
Conclusions: Veterans who develop an in-hospital stroke receive similar quality of care as patients presenting to the ED although fewer in-hospital patients had dysphagia screening. Interestingly, tPA eligibility and utilization were higher for in-hospital strokes although utilization did not reach significance. While it is reassuring that in-hospital strokes are receiving similar quality of care, there is still room for improvement in all patient care settings and in-hospital stroke patients should be included in future QI processes.Disclosure: Dr. Lyerly has nothing to disclose. Dr. Sager has nothing to disclose. Dr. Cof...
Source: Neurology - April 8, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Lyerly, M., Sager, D., Coffing, J., Damush, T., Cutter, G., King, P., Williams, L. Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease and Interventional Neurology: Quality Research and Initiatives Source Type: research

The Presence of an Advanced Practice Nurse Stroke Program Coordinator Decreases Door-to-Needle Times (P5.149)
CONCLUSIONS: The presence of an APN SPC was associated with reduced median DTN times. The presence of an APN SPC, in addition to an on duty neurologist, may reduce time between door and needle, engendering improvements in patient outcomes.Disclosure: Dr. Whaley has nothing to disclose. Dr. Caputo has nothing to disclose. Dr. Wagner has received personal compensation for activities with Genentech, Inc.
Source: Neurology - April 8, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Whaley, M., Caputo, L., Wagner, J. Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease and Interventional Neurology: Quality Research and Initiatives Source Type: research

Significance of Periclot MMP-9 in Ischemic Stroke Patients Undergoing Intra-arterial Interventions (P4.303)
CONCLUSIONS: Decreased periclot MMP-9 may be predictive of HT after ischemic stroke, contrasting with previous work demonstrating elevated peripheral MMP-9 as predictive of HT. Increased periclot MCP-4 and angiogenin expression, as well as decreased numbers of circulating monocytes, may serve as additional predictive markers of HT. Future work should measure the activity of periclot MMP-9. Study Supported by: Shimojani, LLC and NIH (DJ).Disclosure: Dr. Song has nothing to disclose. Dr. Prager has nothing to disclose. Dr. Brennan has nothing to disclose. Dr. Uchino has nothing to disclose. Dr. Hussain has nothing to disclos...
Source: Neurology - April 8, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Song, A., Prager, B., Brennan, C., Uchino, K., Hussain, M., Rasmussen, P., Janigro, D. Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease and Interventional Neurology: Acute Interventional Treatment for Ischemic Stroke Source Type: research

Assessment of Stroke Knowledge and Attitudes among Riyadh Medical Students: A Cross-sectional Study (P2.303)
CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated average medical students’ knowledge of stroke and identified knowledge gaps in different domains of basic stroke knowledge. Stroke education modules should be incorporated into the preclinical curriculum and neurology or stroke clerkships should be mandatory for all students. Emphasizing the high risk of stroke recurrence in patients with minor or transient symptoms is crucial for decreasing the burden of stroke.Disclosure: Dr. Al Zwahmah has received personal compensation in an editorial capacity for Neurosciences Journal.
Source: Neurology - April 8, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Alzawahmah, M. Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease and Interventional Neurology: Education and TIA Source Type: research

A Novel Method for Measuring Oxidative Stress in Patients with Stroke Symptoms (S52.005)
CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate the ability of ORP to identify oxidative stress and amount of antioxidant reserves in a stroke population. We propose ORP monitoring as a potentially useful tool in evaluation of acute stroke patients.Disclosure: Dr. Wagner has received personal compensation for activities with Genentech, Inc. Dr. Salottolo has nothing to disclose. Dr. Fanale has received personal compensation for activities with Genentech, Inc. as a speaker. Dr. Whaley has nothing to disclose. Dr. McCarthy has nothing to disclose. Luoxis Diagnostics, Inc,
Source: Neurology - April 8, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Wagner, J., Salottolo, K., Fanale, C., Whaley, M., McCarthy, K., BarOr, D. Tags: General Neurology: Neural Networks and Neuromodulation Source Type: research

Resting Energy Expenditure in Patients with Stroke during the Subacute Phases - Relationships with Stroke Types, Location, Severity of Paresis, and Activities of Daily Living
Background: The energy demands in patients with stroke during the subacute phases are unclear. However, this information is essential for appropriate clinical and nutritional management. The aims of this study were to determine the resting energy expenditure (REE) during the subacute phases, examine its relationships with stroke types, location, severity of hemiparesis, and activities of daily living (ADL), and evaluate whether estimation of REE from the Harris-Benedict equation (HB) requires the addition of a ‘stress factor' to capture possible additional REE imposed by stroke. Methods: We measured REE in 95 patients wi...
Source: Cerebrovascular Diseases - February 26, 2015 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Effects of Stroke Education of Junior High School Students on Stroke Knowledge of Their Parents: Tochigi Project Brief Reports
Conclusions— Improvement of stroke knowledge immediately after the stroke lesson was observed in parents as well as their children, which indicated that our teaching materials using the Manga was effective in delivering the stroke knowledge to parents through their children.
Source: Stroke - January 26, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Matsuzono, K., Yokota, C., Takekawa, H., Okamura, T., Miyamatsu, N., Nakayama, H., Nishimura, K., Ohyama, S., Ishigami, A., Okumura, K., Toyoda, K., Miyamoto, Y., Minematsu, K., on behalf of the Tochigi Junior High School Stroke Education Group, Participa Tags: Behavioral Changes and Stroke Brief Reports Source Type: research

Awareness of Stroke Risk Factors and Warning Signs in Nigerian Adolescents Compared with Adults
Stroke, a significant health problem affecting adults, is increasing among younger age groups, particularly because of changing lifestyles. The aim of the study was to compare the awareness of stroke risk factors and warning signs among students and teachers in selected secondary schools in Osun State, Nigeria.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - January 16, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Morenikeji A. Komolafe, Adebimpe O. Obembe, Matthew O. Olaogun, Ayoade M. Adebiyi, Theresa Ugalahi, Olumuyiwa Dada, Alfred Kanu, Olubunmi C. Adebiyi, Folarin Akilo, Bukola Ogunkoya, Bimbo Fawale Source Type: research

Endovascular Stroke Therapy Results Improve over Time: The ‘Learning Curve' at a New Comprehensive Stoke Center
Conclusions: At a new community-based CSC, improved outcome occurred from year 1 to year 2, and trends towards decreased mortality, fewer complications, and improved revascularization were observed. Furthermore, the data shows that improvement in NIHSS score after EST is associated with decreased mortality following stroke in this setting, implying a net benefit.Cerebrovasc Dis Extra 2014;4:235-242
Source: Cerebrovascular Diseases Extra - January 13, 2015 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Outcomes of endovascular mechanical thrombectomy and intravenous tissue plasminogen activator for the treatment of vertebrobasilar stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients requiring IV-tPA and/or mechanical thrombectomy for the treatment of posterior-circulation strokes suffer from high mortality rates. Increased age is associated with significantly higher mortality rates among posterior-circulation stroke patients who require mechanical thrombectomy. PMID: 24465258 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Clinical Neurology - December 2, 2014 Category: Neurology Tags: J Clin Neurol Source Type: research

Poor Awareness of Stroke—A Hospital-Based Study from South India: An Urgent Need For Awareness Programs
Background: Stroke treatment has reached a new benchmark with thrombolytic therapy. However, India has witnessed a tremendous increase in morbidity and mortality of stroke over the past few decades. The prime deciding factor is initiation of treatment within the time window, which requires early recognition of stroke symptoms. We wished to analyze the lacunae in the stroke knowledge in our population. This hospital-based study assessed awareness of the public regarding stroke.Methods: Two trained medical students interviewed accompanying relatives using a structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using Statistical Packa...
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - August 11, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Bindu Menon, Jatla J. Swaroop, Haripuram K.R. Deepika, Jyothi Conjeevaram, K. Munisusmitha Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Effects of Stroke Education Using an Animated Cartoon and a Manga on Elementary School Children
Background: Stroke education for the youth is expected to reduce prehospital delay by informing the bystander of appropriate action to take and providing knowledge to prevent onset of stroke in future. Previously, we developed effective teaching materials consisting of an animated cartoon and a Manga for junior high school students. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of our educational materials for stroke education taught by schoolteachers to elementary school children.Methods: Using our teaching materials, a 30-minute lesson was given by trained general schoolteachers. Questionnaires ...
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - May 2, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Yuki Sakamoto, Chiaki Yokota, Fumio Miyashita, Tatsuo Amano, Yuya Shigehatake, Satoshi Oyama, Naruhiko Itagaki, Kosuke Okumura, Kazunori Toyoda, Kazuo Minematsu Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Stroke Education Using an Animated Cartoon and a Manga for Junior High School Students
Conclusions: Stroke education using these teaching aids of the animated cartoon and the Manga improved stroke knowledge in junior high school students.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - March 31, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Yuya Shigehatake, Chiaki Yokota, Tatsuo Amano, Yasuhiro Tomii, Yasuteru Inoue, Takaaki Hagihara, Kazunori Toyoda, Kazuo Minematsu Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The Effectiveness of a Stroke Educational Activity Performed by a Schoolteacher for Junior High School Students
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - January 6, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Fumio Miyashita, Chiaki Yokota, Kunihiro Nishimura, Tatsuo Amano, Yasuteru Inoue, Yuya Shigehatake, Yuki Sakamoto, Shoko Tani, Hiroshi Narazaki, Kazunori Toyoda, Kazuo Nakazawa, Kazuo Minematsu Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Stroke Education Program of Act FAST for Junior High School Students and Their Parents
Conclusions: Our stroke education program improved stroke knowledge, especially the FAST message, for junior high school students and their parents.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - October 4, 2013 Category: Neurology Authors: Tatsuo Amano, Chiaki Yokota, Yuki Sakamoto, Yuya Shigehatake, Yasuteru Inoue, Akiko Ishigami, Takaaki Hagihara, Yasuhiro Tomii, Fumio Miyashita, Kazunori Toyoda, Kazuo Minematsu Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research