Query: stroke

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Procedure: Pulmonary Function Testing

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Total 21 results found since Jan 2013.

IJERPH, Vol. 17, Pages 5356: Effectiveness of Respiratory Muscle Training for Pulmonary Function and Walking Ability in Patients with Stroke: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis
Conclusions: RMT interventions are effective to improve respiratory function and walking ability in poststroke patients.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 23, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Diana P. Pozuelo-Carrascosa Juan Manuel Carmona-Torres Jos é Alberto Laredo-Aguilera Pedro Ángel Latorre-Román Juan Antonio P árraga-Montilla Ana Isabel Cobo-Cuenca Tags: Review Source Type: research

Can inspiratory muscle training benefit patients after stroke? A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
CONCLUSION: Inspiratory muscle training can be considered as an effective intervention for improving pulmonary function and cardiopulmonary endurance, and reducing pulmonary infection incidence in patients after stroke. PMID: 32493056 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - June 2, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Zhang X, Zheng Y, Dang Y, Wang L, Cheng Y, Zhang X, Mao M, Lu X Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research

Cardiopulmonary Capacity in Children During Exercise Testing: The Differences Between Treadmill and Upright and Supine Cycle Ergometry
Conclusion: There are no differences in peak cardiac output between the upright bicycle test and supine bicycle tests. Heart rate and corrected peak V.O2 are lower in the supine test (0°) than the upright bicycle test. In the treadmill test, it is a higher absolute and relative peak V.O2. Despite the latter differences, we are convinced that both upright and supine bicycle tests are apt in the clinical setting when needed.
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - November 28, 2019 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Feasibility and trend of pulmonary function in a pilot trial of aerobic walking exercise in non-ambulatory stroke survivors.
Conclusions: In non-ambulatory stroke survivors, aerobic walking exercise is feasible and safe. Also, the results are promising and suggest that aerobic walking exercise may improve lung function; more data are needed. PMID: 31622173 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - October 16, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Alqahtani AS, Alajam R, Eickmeyer SM, Vardey R, Liu W Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Compensation of Respiratory-Related Postural Perturbation Is Achieved by Maintenance of Head-to-Pelvis Alignment in Healthy Humans
Conclusion Extreme lung volume variations over vital capacity is associated with changes of thoracic curvature bringing it outside the normal range, which would theoretically compromise verticality. This is however fully compensated by adaptations of the cervical curvature and pelvic tilt to preserve adequate head-to-pelvis verticality and horizontal gaze alignment. Lung volume related postural perturbations increase with age, but age did not affect head-to-pelvis alignment. Future studies are needed to investigate potential postural dysfunction in chronic respiratory diseases that induce changes of lung volume or chest g...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - April 23, 2019 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

A Comparative Study of Smartphone Game with Spirometry for Pulmonary Function Assessment in Stroke Patients.
Conclusion: We compared the relationship between the SGA and the spirometry as certified pulmonary function test. The SGA data were statistically significant and reliable for pulmonary function assessment in stroke patients. It will therefore be useful during rehabilitation to improve pulmonary function and clinical monitoring in stroke patients. PMID: 30519571 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Biomed Res - December 8, 2018 Category: Research Authors: Joo S, Lee K, Song C Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research

Effect of Tai Chi on Cardiac and Static Pulmonary Function in Older Community-Dwelling Adults at Risk of Ischemic Stroke: A Randomized Controlled Trial
ConclusionThe 12-week tai chi exercise did not have an obvious beneficial effect on cardiac structure, cardiac function and static lung function in older community-dwelling adults at risk of ischemic stroke. The study with a longer duration of intervention should be necessary. (Trial registration No. ChiCTR-TRC-13003601)
Source: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine - December 5, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research

Effect of expiratory muscle strength training on cough and swallowing in patients with dysphagia following stroke
Conclusion: EMT had improved on not only the coughing function but also swallowing function for a stroke patient with dysphagia. These results suggest that EMT leads to improvement of airway clearance and reduction of aspiration risk, and may be expected as a means to prevent aspiration pneumonia.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - November 19, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tawara, Y., Fujishima, I., Katagiri, N., Arizono, S., Ohgi, S., Kozu, R. Tags: Physiotherapists Source Type: research

Mortality causes in patients with advanced lung disease in long term oxygen therapy
Conclusion: Patients presented exacerbations of respiratory diseases as the main causes of mortality and with a very low survival time rate.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - November 19, 2018 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Oliveira, V., Bastos, T. M. L. C., Taliberti, I. B., Rodrigues, T. S. C., Silva, R. S., Goulart Filho, L. R., Cunha, T. M., Damian, M. G. C., Gomes, M. A. G. Tags: Clinical Problems Source Type: research

Cardiopulmonary factors affecting 6-min walk distance in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies
In conclusion, impaired DLCO due to interstitial lung disease was suggested to be a fundamental parameter affecting exercise capacity, in addition to heart involvement, in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies.
Source: Rheumatology International - May 14, 2018 Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research

Cardiovascular comorbidity in Danish patients with scleroderma-associated interstitial lung disease
Conclusion: CC was frequent among patients with SSc-ILD but was not associated with increased mortality. As expected, PH was associated with severe excess mortality.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - December 6, 2017 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Madsen, G. A., Hyldgaard, C., Bendstrup, E. Tags: Diffuse Parenchymal Lung Disease Source Type: research

Change in pulmonary function and cardiorespiratory fitness following chemotherapy in testicular cancer patients - a pilot study
Conclusions: There was a substantial reduction in VO2max after BEP corresponding to three decades of physiological aging. This reduction may reflect a decrease in the patients’ cardiac function and oxygen carrying capacity, and not to reduced DLco.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - December 6, 2017 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Edvardsen, E., Larsen, K.-O., Fossa, S. D., Ikdahl, T., Loge, J. H., Thorsen, L. Tags: Clinical Respiratory Physiology, Exercise and Functional Imaging Source Type: research

Restrictive Spirometry Pattern is Associated with Increased Arterial Stiffness in Men and Women.
CONCLUSIONS: Both restrictive spirometry pattern and reduced FVC were associated with a higher risk of arterial stiffness, not only in males but also in females. Clinically, assessment of arterial stiffness might be considered in individuals with restrictive spirometry pattern. PMID: 28411113 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Chest - April 11, 2017 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Wu IH, Sun ZJ, Lu FH, Yang YC, Chou CY, Chang CJ, Wu JS Tags: Chest Source Type: research

New evaluation of gait symmetry/asymmetry in COPD patients using an accelerometer
Conclusion: LI measured by a tri-axial accelerometer evaluated gait symmetry/asymmetry accurately and might be clinically useful for the evaluation of balance in elderly COPD patients.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - November 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Terui, Y., Iwakura, M., Sudo, E., Kawagoshi, A., Ookura, K., Satou, M., Hasegawa, K., Satake, M., Shioya, T. Tags: 9.2 Physiotherapists Source Type: research

Ventilatory pattern in chronic stroke survivors
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to compare dynamic lung volumes in chronic stroke survivors (SS) with a control group (CG) of healthy people matched by age and sex.Forced spirometries were performed, in line with the international statements. The reference values were calculated with the predictive equations proposed by Roca et al,1986.T test was used to determine differences in dynamic lung volumes between SS and CG.A cluster analysis was practiced to classify 2 different groups within the SS regarding to their dynamic lung volumes.The average age in SS (n=33) was 56.9±15.7 years. There were no significan...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - November 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Lista Paz, A., Gonzalez Doniz, M. L., Sebio Garcia, R., Ortigueira Garcia, S. Tags: 9.2 Physiotherapists Source Type: research

Long-Term Exposure to Ambient Fine Particulate Matter and Renal Function in Older Men: The Veterans Administration Normative Aging Study
Conclusions: In this longitudinal sample of older men, the findings supported the hypothesis that long-term PM2.5 exposure negatively affects renal function and increases renal function decline. Citation: Mehta AJ, Zanobetti A, Bind MC, Kloog I, Koutrakis P, Sparrow D, Vokonas PS, Schwartz JD. 2016. Long-term exposure to ambient fine particulate matter and renal function in older men: the VA Normative Aging Study. Environ Health Perspect 124:1353–1360; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1510269 Address correspondence to A.J. Mehta, Department of Environmental Health, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Landmark Ce...
Source: EHP Research - September 1, 2016 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: Research Article September 2016 Source Type: research

Factors relating to impaired stroke volume during the 6-minute walk test in patients with systemic sclerosis.
CONCLUSIONS: Impaired stroke volume in patients with systemic sclerosis was observed at rest and during exercise, and the factors relating to the cardiac response seemed to be pulmonary function and the extent of pulmonary hypertension. PMID: 27463117 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - July 28, 2016 Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research

Impaired Pulmonary Diffusion in Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction
Conclusions Subjects with HFpEF display altered pulmonary function and gas exchange at rest and especially during exercise, which contributes to exercise intolerance. Novel therapies that improve gas diffusion may be effective to improve exercise tolerance in patients with HFpEF.
Source: JACC: Heart Failure - May 30, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Nitrous oxide-based techniques versus nitrous oxide-free techniques for general anaesthesia.
CONCLUSIONS: Given the evidence from this Cochrane review, the avoidance of nitrous oxide may be reasonable in participants with pre-existing poor pulmonary function or at high risk of postoperative nausea and vomiting. Since there are eight studies awaiting classification, selection bias may exist in our systematic review. PMID: 26545294 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - November 6, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Sun R, Jia WQ, Zhang P, Yang K, Tian JH, Ma B, Liu Y, Jia RH, Luo XF, Kuriyama A Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

Decreased Tidal Volume May Limit Cardiopulmonary Performance During Exercise in Subacute Stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that diminished VT in subacute stroke patients may limit performance during submaximal and peak effort of CPET. Rehabilitation professionals should consider methods for improving pulmonary function during stroke rehabilitation. PMID: 26034936 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention - May 29, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Sisante JF, Mattlage AE, Arena R, Rippee MA, Billinger SA Tags: J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev Source Type: research

C-reactive protein: Its correlations with pulmonary function, physical capacity and anthropometric measurements in patients with metabolic syndrome
Conclusions: It was found negative relationships between CRP level with PF and PC. On the contrary, there were positive correlations of CRP with parameters of BC. We think that it can be provided decline in the CRP level and increment in PF improving the functional capacity and body composition with aerobic exercise in patients with MS.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - December 23, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Demirtas, R. N., Bozdemir Ozel, C., Arikan, H., Calik-Kutukcu, E., Saglam, M., Vardar-Yagli, N., Celer, O., Akalin, A., Alatas, F. Tags: 9.2 Physiotherapists Source Type: research