Query: stroke

Filtered By:
Education: Learning
Therapy: Stem Cell Therapy

This page shows you your search results in order of relevance.

Order by Relevance | Date

Total 33 results found since Jan 2013.

'Safe' stem cell therapy may help stroke recovery
Conclusion This study provides evidence that a new technique using a patient's own stem cells to aid the recovery from severe ischaemic stoke is feasible and appears to be safe. It was not designed to test whether the technique was better than doing nothing or better than other types of care or treatment. The authors are perfectly clear that this "proof-of-concept study was not designed with a control group or powered to be able to detect efficacy". This means we cannot be sure that the improvements seen in the five patients were caused by the stem cell treatment. They could have occurred anyway as part of the na...
Source: NHS News Feed - August 11, 2014 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Genetics/stem cells Heart/lungs Source Type: news

Human adipose-derived stem cells partially rescue the stroke syndromes by promoting spacial learning and memory in mouse middle cerebral artery occlusion model
IntroductionGrowing evidence has brought stem cell therapy to the forefront as new promising approaches towards stroke treatment. Of all candidate seeding cells, adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) are considered as one of the most appropriate for stroke treatment. However, previous experimental data could not reach to an agreement on the efficacy of ADSC transplantation for treating stroke in vivo as well as its mechanism which hinders their further clinical translational application. Methods: To explore their in vivo mechanism of hADSC administration on neurological injury, hADSC were labeled with EGFP expressing FG12 len...
Source: BioMed Central - May 8, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Fei ZhouShane GaoLin WangChenxi SunLu ChenPing YuanHaiyang ZhaoYi YiYing QinZhiqiang DongLimei CaoHaiyan RenLiang ZhuQiang LiBing LuAibin LiangGuotong XuHongwen ZhuZhengliang GaoJie MaJun XuXu Chen Source Type: research

A missing gene makes a big difference in patients ’ recovery from mild stroke
More than 6 million Americans live with disabilities following a stroke. Even mild strokes can leave survivors with arm and leg weakness, poor muscle control and memory lapses that worsen with age. Now UCLA neuroscientists have found that patients born without a gene called CCR5 recover better from mild stroke than patients with the gene. The team partnered with Israeli researchers to study the missing gene ’s effect on brain function.Published Feb. 21 in the journal Cell,  the findings could lead to the first pill to reverse the physical and mental aftermath of mild stroke.“This is the first time that a human gene h...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - February 21, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Recovery After Stroke
This article describes restorative therapies to improve patient outcomes after stroke. These therapies contrast with acute stroke treatments such as recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) and thrombectomy that target clots, aim to salvage threatened brain tissue to limit injury, and have a time window measured in hours. Restorative therapies target the brain, aim to promote plasticity within surviving brain tissue, and have a time window measured in days to weeks or longer. RECENT FINDINGS A number of drugs are under study. Preclinical studies are providing attractive therapeutic candidates for translation, suc...
Source: CONTINUUM: Lifelong Learning in Neurology - April 1, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: REVIEW ARTICLES Source Type: research

p5 Peptide-Loaded Human Adipose-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Promote Neurological Recovery After Focal Cerebral Ischemia in a Rat Model
In conclusion, administration of hADMSC-loaded p5 peptide to post-stroke rats created conditions that supported survival of drug-loaded hADMSCs after cerebral ischemia, suggesting its therapeutic potential in patients with stroke.
Source: Translational Stroke Research - May 5, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Proteomics-Guided Study on Buyang Huanwu Decoction for Its Neuroprotective and Neurogenic Mechanisms for Transient Ischemic Stroke: Involvements of EGFR/PI3K/Akt/Bad/14-3-3 and Jak2/Stat3/Cyclin D1 Signaling Cascades
AbstractBuyang Huanwu Decoction (BHD), a classic traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula, has been used for recovering neurological dysfunctions and treating post-stroke disability in China for 200  years. In the present study, we investigated the effects of BHD on inhibiting neuronal apoptosis, promoting proliferation and differentiation of neural stem cells (NSCs) and neurite formation and enhancing learning and memory functional recovery in an experimental rat ischemic stroke model. BHD si gnificantly reduced infarct volume and decreased cell apoptosis in the ischemic brain. BHD enhanced neuronal cell viability in v...
Source: Molecular Neurobiology - September 2, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Stem Cell Treatment for Ischemic Stroke Recovery
This report reviews the different biological repair approaches using cell implants, discusses clinical trial design and surgical methods, and the current state of research. [...] Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc. 333 Seventh Avenue, 18th Floor, New York, NY 10001, USAArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text
Source: Seminars in Neurology - January 27, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Kondziolka, Douglas Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Do epilepsy and migraine share a genetic link?
Conclusion This paper suggests there is a link between the number of close relatives with a seizure disorder and the likelihood that an individual with epilepsy will also suffer from migraines with aura. However, it seems that the researchers were only interested in what they term ‘additional’ family members, and did not take into account the fact that to be eligible for this study at least two siblings or a parent and child both had to suffer from epilepsy. There seems to be the possibility that if, for example, four members of a family were enrolled in the study but the family had no further affected members, all me...
Source: NHS News Feed - January 7, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Neurology Genetics/stem cells Source Type: news

The Dance Between The Immune System and Stem Cells
We named it the  immunoLinkTM We have been testing a growing number of Clients with our Quantibody Arrays. Many of of these clients have Autoimmune Disorder Diseases. These range from Rheumatoid Arthritis to Multiple Sclerosis.These arrays are designed to precisely measure factors or markers (proteins) that are dysregulated by these diseases. We measure the levels of these biomarkers in our Clients' Blood serum. The arrays have also been used to measure the levels of markers in plasma and cell culture supernatants.Based on results, we are finding links between immune system and stem cell health. We call this the ...
Source: Neuromics - September 30, 2014 Category: Neuroscience Tags: autoimmune disease G-CSF GM-CSF Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells immune response immunoLink Neural Progenitor Cells Neural Stem Cell Markers Source Type: news

Bone Marrow-Derived Endothelial Progenitor Cells Protect Against Scopolamine-Induced Alzheimer-Like Pathological Aberrations
Abstract Vascular endothelial dysfunction plays a key role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Patients with AD have displayed decreased circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) which repair and maintain the endothelial function. Transplantation of EPCs has emerged as a promising approach for the management of cerebrovascular diseases including ischemic stroke, however, its impact on AD has been poorly described. Thus, the current study aimed at investigating the effects of bone marrow-derived (BM) EPCs transplantation in repeated scopolamine-induced cognitive impairment, an experimental mode...
Source: Molecular Neurobiology - December 20, 2014 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Disrupting Today's Healthcare System
This week in San Diego, Singularity University is holding its Exponential Medicine Conference, a look at how technologists are redesigning and rebuilding today's broken healthcare system. Healthcare today is reactive, retrospective, bureaucratic and expensive. It's sick care, not healthcare. This blog is about why the $3 trillion healthcare system is broken and how we are going to fix it. First, the Bad News: Doctors spend $210 billion per year on procedures that aren’t based on patient need, but fear of liability. Americans spend, on average, $8,915 per person on healthcare – more than any other count...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - November 9, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Developments in the management of Chagas cardiomyopathy.
Authors: Tanowitz HB, Machado FS, Spray DC, Friedman JM, Weiss OS, Lora JN, Nagajyothi J, Moraes DN, Garg NJ, Nunes MC, Ribeiro AL Abstract Over 100 years have elapsed since the discovery of Chagas disease and there is still much to learn regarding pathogenesis and treatment. Although there are antiparasitic drugs available, such as benznidazole and nifurtimox, they are not totally reliable and often toxic. A recently released negative clinical trial with benznidazole in patients with chronic Chagas cardiomyopathy further reinforces the concerns regarding its effectiveness. New drugs and new delivery systems, incl...
Source: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy - February 17, 2016 Category: Cardiology Tags: Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther Source Type: research

Lasting Impact of an Ephemeral Organ: The Role of the Placenta in Fetal Programming
Recent advances in molecular and imaging technologies, “omics” fields, and data sciences are offering researchers an unprecedented look at the placenta, the master regulator of the fetal environment.© EPA/National Geographic Channel/Alamy Studies of infants conceived during the Dutch “Hunger Winter” provided some of the earliest clues that prenatal stress could affect health much later in life.© Nationaal Archief  © Evan Oto/Science Source In one study, the placental microbiome had a similar taxonomic profile as the oral microbiome, illustrated here by...
Source: EHP Research - July 1, 2016 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: Featured Focus News July 2016 Source Type: research

Change to Australasian College of Sport and Exercise Physicians--position statement: the place of mesenchymal stem/stromal cell therapies in sport and exercise medicine
The Board of the Australasian College of Sport and Exercise Physicians has recently learnt concerns of the Australian Government, other medical colleges and our own fellowship regarding the safety of procedures involved with the provision of stem cell therapy to patients. These concerns are partially driven by reports recently published in the lay media, scientific literature and a coroner’s report. A recent case report in the New England Journal of Medicine1 of a glioproliferative tumour in the spine after treatment with a mixture of mesenchymal, embryonic and fetal allogeneic stem cells for residual effects of a st...
Source: British Journal of Sports Medicine - September 29, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Osborne, H., Castricum, A. Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Reflections on the Future of Medicine
Recently, I traveled through China. I climbed mountains, hiked through forests, crossed deep valleys. I visited cities of every size. I floated across lakes and traveled beautiful shorelines churning with life. As a man of a certain age, I began to compare the permanence of the timeless landscape with the evanescence of my own existence. Yet, as a scientist, I knew these reflections were flawed. Scientists are trained to think in terms of aeons, millenia, and lifetimes. Consider the paradox. Is it the solid mountain or fragile the forest that is permanent? Is it the massive shoreline cliffs or the teeming shore life that...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - January 9, 2017 Category: Science Source Type: news

What Causes Hyperammonemia?
Discussion Reye’s syndrome (RS)is named for Dr. Douglas Reye who along with Drs. G. Morgan and J. Baral described encephalopathy and fatty accumulation and degeneration in children in a 1963 Lancet article. RS usually affects children but can occur at all ages. All organs can be affected but the liver and brain are primarily affected causing liver failure and encephalopathy as toxic metabolites (especially ammonia) accumulate, and intracranial hypertension and cerebral edema occurs. As the ammonia levels begin to rise (> 100 mg/dL) patients lose their appetite, have nausea and emesis and mental status changes whic...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - February 20, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

How to Boost Your Stem Cells
A California man named Kris Boesen was completely paralyzed after breaking his neck in a terrible car crash last March. But now he can brush his teeth and hug his family again… He's even started to regain sensation in his legs. And it's all because of a simple procedure he underwent about a month after his accident: stem cell therapy. During Kris' procedure, researchers at the University of Southern California injected 10 million stem cells into his spinal cord. Within two weeks, he could wiggle his fingers. Three months later, he was able to feed himself, write his name and operate his wheelchair. His re...
Source: Al Sears, MD Natural Remedies - March 23, 2017 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Al Sears Tags: Anti-Aging Source Type: news

Out From Under the FDA ’s Heel
A medical revolution is happening as we speak… And the great state of Texas is leading the charge. It started because people like you finally got fed up with the chokehold the FDA has on medicine. Let me explain… The FDA is controlled by bureaucrats who were hired from Big Pharma and the medical establishment. They refuse to approve life-saving therapies without years of tightly controlled clinical trials. In the meantime, real people are suffering. And even dying. But Texas is on track to become the first state to explicitly back stem cell therapies. And it’s about time states took this power away from the F...
Source: Al Sears, MD Natural Remedies - October 5, 2017 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Al Sears Tags: Fitness Health Source Type: news

Better ‘mini brains’ could help scientists identify treatments for Zika-related brain damage
UCLA researchers have developed an improved technique for creating simplified human brain tissue from stem cells. Because these so-called “mini brain organoids” mimic human brains in how they grow and develop, they’re vital to studying complex neurological diseases.In a study published in the journal Cell Reports, the researchers used the organoids to better understand how Zika infects and damages fetal brain tissue, which enabled them to identify drugs that could prevent the virus ’s damaging effects.The research, led by senior author Ben Novitch, could lead to new ways to study human neurological and neurodevelop...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - October 10, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Brain repair by hematopoietic growth factors in the subacute phase of traumatic brain injury.
CONCLUSIONS SCF + G-CSF treatment in the subacute phase of TBI restored TBI-impaired spatial learning and memory, prevented posttraumatic anxiety and risk-taking behavior, inhibited TBI-induced neurodegeneration, and enhanced neural network remodeling. These findings suggest the therapeutic potential of hematopoietic growth factors for brain repair in the subacute phase of TBI. PMID: 29372883 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery - January 26, 2018 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Toshkezi G, Kyle M, Longo SL, Chin LS, Zhao LR Tags: J Neurosurg Source Type: research

Phagocytosis in the Brain: Homeostasis and Disease
Conclusions and Perspectives In this review we have summarized the critical role phagocytosis plays in both CNS homeostasis and disease. While much progress has been made in recent years, many unanswered questions remain. How phagocytosis in the CNS is influenced by numerous factors, such as microenvironment or phagocytic target, have yet to be fully resolved. Additionally, the utilization of novel technologies, including in vivo imaging techniques (217), iPSC-derived microglia (213) and high-throughput screens (66), will likely contribute to further identification of phagocytic pathways and consequences of phagocytosis w...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - April 15, 2019 Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

Osteoporosis and Sarcopenia Increase Frailty Syndrome in the Elderly
Conclusions World population is aging and the increase in life expectancy is often unhealthy. In particular, musculoskeletal aging, which leads to sarcopenia and osteoporosis, has several causes such as changes in body composition, inflammation, and hormonal imbalance. Sarcopenia, osteoporosis, and more frequently, sarcopenic obesity are commonly associated with aging and frequently closely linked each other, often leading to the development of a frailty syndrome. Frailty syndrome favors an increased risk of loss function in daily activities, for cardiovascular diseases, cancers, falls, and mortality. As the number of eld...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - April 23, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Effects of Neurotrophic Factors in Glial Cells in the Central Nervous System: Expression and Properties in Neurodegeneration and Injury
Conclusion and Future Aspects This review summarizes available NTF expression data, compiles existing evidence on the effects of glial NTF signaling in healthy conditions and in disease models (Figure 1), and highlights the importance of this topic for future studies. The relationship between NTFs and glia is crucial for both the developing and adult brain. While some of these factors, such as NT-3 and CNTF, have highly potent effects on gliogenesis, others like BDNF and GDNF, are important for glia-mediated synapse formation. Neurotrophic factors play significant roles during neurodegenerative disorders. In many cases, ...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - April 25, 2019 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Potential Applications of Remote Limb Ischemic Conditioning for Chronic Cerebral Circulation Insufficiency
Conclusion Due to its long-term and often invisible course, CCCI has received less attention than acute cerebral ischemic stroke. However, without appropriate intervention, CCCI may lead to a variety of adverse events. Because the pathophysiological changes associated with CCCI are complex, pharmacological research in this area has been disappointing. Recent research suggests that RLIC, which is less invasive and more well-tolerated than drug treatment, can activate endogenous protective mechanisms during CCCI. In the present report, we reviewed studies related to CCCI (Table 1), as well as those related to stroke and sta...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - May 2, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Stem cell factor and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor promote brain repair and improve cognitive function through VEGF-A in a mouse model of CADASIL.
This study provides novel insight into the involvement of VEGF/VEGF-A in the pathogenesis of CADASIL and sheds light on the mechanism underlying the SCF+G-CSF-enhanced brain repair in CADASIL. PMID: 31376480 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Neurobiology of Disease - July 30, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Ping S, Qiu X, Kyle M, Hughes K, Longo J, Zhao LR Tags: Neurobiol Dis Source Type: research

Theaflavin attenuates cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury by abolishing miRNA ‑128‑3p‑mediated Nrf2 inhibition and reducing oxidative stress.
Theaflavin attenuates cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury by abolishing miRNA‑128‑3p‑mediated Nrf2 inhibition and reducing oxidative stress. Mol Med Rep. 2019 Oct 17;: Authors: Li R, Li X, Wu H, Yang Z, Fei L, Zhu J Abstract Theaflavin has been proven to own strong antioxidative capacity; however, the molecular mechanism underlying its protective effect against cerebral ischemia‑reperfusion (I/R) injury remains unclear. Therefore, the present study was designed to elucidate the neuroprotective effects of theaflavin on cerebral I/R injury and its underlying molecular mechanisms. To investigate ...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - October 24, 2019 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research

2020 Epilepsy Benchmarks Area III: Improved Treatment Options for Controlling Seizures and Epilepsy-Related Conditions Without Side Effects.
Authors: Traynelis SF, Dlugos D, Henshall D, Mefford HC, Rogawski MA, Staley KJ, Dacks PA, Whittemore V, Poduri A, National Institutes of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)/American Epilepsy Society (AES) Epilepsy Research Benchmark Stewards Abstract The goals of Epilepsy Benchmark Area III involve identifying areas that are ripe for progress in terms of controlling seizures and patient symptoms in light of the most recent advances in both basic and clinical research. These goals were developed with an emphasis on potential new therapeutic strategies that will reduce seizure burden and improve quality of lif...
Source: Epilepsy Currents - January 23, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Epilepsy Curr Source Type: research

Double-contrast technique could boost MRI for cancer
A new double-contrast MRI technique in development could help the modality...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: COVID-19 neuro findings marked by mental status, stroke fMRI-based machine learning helps predict coma outcomes ISMRM annual meeting goes virtual MRI illuminates neurologic manifestations of COVID-19 MRI could help predict efficacy of stem cell therapy
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - May 28, 2020 Category: Radiology Source Type: news

UCLA researchers study genetics ’ role in COVID-19 susceptibility, severity
“One of the most troubling things about COVID-19 is that we have a limited ability to predict how sick a specific individual will get,” said Dr. Daniel Geschwind.Geschwind is the MacDonald Distinguished Professor in Human Genetics at theDavid Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and a member of theEli and Edythe Broad Center of  Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research at UCLA. And he ’s part of a team of UCLA scientists conducting research to learn why certain people get sick from the virus that causes COVID-19 — and why others don’t.Millions of people around the world have been infected with SARS-CoV-2, the v...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - October 26, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Promotion of Momordica Charantia polysaccharides on neural stem cell proliferation by increasing SIRT1 activity after cerebral ischemia/reperfusion in rats
Brain Res Bull. 2021 Feb 26:S0361-9230(21)00058-7. doi: 10.1016/j.brainresbull.2021.02.016. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe deacetylase SIRT1 has been reported to play a critical role in regulating neurogenesis, which may be an adaptive processes contributing to recovery after stroke. Our previous work showed that the antioxidant capacity of Momordica charantia polysaccharides (MCPs) could protect against cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) after stroke. However, whether the protective effect of MCPs on I/R injury is related to NSCs proliferation remains unclear. In the present study, we designed in vivo and in vitro exp...
Source: Brain Research Bulletin - March 1, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Juyun Ma Haidi Fan Heng Cai Zhaoli Hu Xiaoling Zhou Fengying Li Hansen Chen Jiangang Shen Suhua Qi Source Type: research

Thomas Carmichael elected to the Association of American Physicians
Dr. S. Thomas Carmichael has been elected to the Association of American Physicians, an honor society recognizing exemplary physician-scientists who contribute to clinical medicine through the pursuit of basic science. The newly elected members for 2021 were recognized at the association ’s annual meeting, which was held virtually April 8–10.Carmichael, UCLA ’s Frances Stark Professor of Neurology, is the chair of theneurology department in the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and co-director of theEli and Edythe Broad Center of Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research at UCLA.In his research, Carmichael s...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - April 9, 2021 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Thomas Carmichael elected to Association of American Physicians
Dr. S. Thomas Carmichael has been elected to the Association of American Physicians, an honor society recognizing exemplary physician-scientists who contribute to clinical medicine through the pursuit of basic science. The newly elected members for 2021 were recognized at the association ’s annual meeting, which was held virtually April 8–10.Carmichael, UCLA ’s Frances Stark Professor of Neurology, is the chair of theneurology department in the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and co-director of theEli and Edythe Broad Center of Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research at UCLA.In his research, Carmichael s...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - April 9, 2021 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news