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Stroke in Women
This article reviews sex differences in stroke risk and presentation, with a particular emphasis on the unique risk factors women experience throughout the lifespan. RECENT FINDINGS Although prior studies suggested women have worse outcomes after stroke, it is now clear that age, prestroke functional status, and comorbidities explain many of the differences between men and women in stroke severity, functional outcomes, and mortality. Several meta-analyses and large cohort studies have evaluated the risk factors for women related to reproductive factors and found that fewer years between menarche and menopause, pregnancy...
Source: CONTINUUM: Lifelong Learning in Neurology - April 1, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: REVIEW ARTICLES Source Type: research
Could Antibodies or Hormones Slow Brain Damage from Alzheimer’s?
Scientists have discovered that certain antibodies may help slow the progression of Alzheimer’s disease. Dr. Patricia Salinas of University College London, UK, and her team focused on a protein called Dkk1, present in raised levels in the brains of people with Alzheimer’s disease. Using brain samples from mice, the team looked at the progressive disintegration of synapses in the hippocampus when exposed to a protein called amyloid-beta, thought to be central to the development of Alzheimer’s disease. “Synaptic loss mediated by amyloid-beta in early stages of the disease might contribute to cognitive...
Source: Psych Central - June 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jane Collingwood Tags: Aging Alzheimer's Disorders General Seniors Abnormal Deposits Alzheimer S Disease Antibodies Brain Area Brain Damage Cognitive Decline Cognitive Impairments Disintegration Dr Patricia Dr Simon Hippocampus Journal Of Neurosc Source Type: news
Buried in Pills
By Drs. David Niesel and Norbert Herzog, Medical Discovery News Have you ever heard doctors referred to as "pill pushers"? While medical professionals provide necessary and admirable services, it does make you wonder how many pills we take in a day, a month, a year or even a lifetime. In the British Museum in London, along with the Rosetta Stone and an Easter Island head, there is an exhibit with an expansive glass table, more than a yard wide and at least 20 yards long. On it rests a tapestry-like depiction of the number of pills two individuals would take over their lifetimes in various colors and sizes. On one side is ...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - January 21, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news
Osteoporosis and Sarcopenia Increase Frailty Syndrome in the Elderly
Conclusions World population is aging and the increase in life expectancy is often unhealthy. In particular, musculoskeletal aging, which leads to sarcopenia and osteoporosis, has several causes such as changes in body composition, inflammation, and hormonal imbalance. Sarcopenia, osteoporosis, and more frequently, sarcopenic obesity are commonly associated with aging and frequently closely linked each other, often leading to the development of a frailty syndrome. Frailty syndrome favors an increased risk of loss function in daily activities, for cardiovascular diseases, cancers, falls, and mortality. As the number of eld...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - April 23, 2019 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research