Query: stroke

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Total 2353 results found since Jan 2013.

Enhanced error facilitates motor learning in weight shift and increases use of the paretic leg during walking at chronic stage after stroke
In conclusion, applying pelvis resistance forces to increase error signals may facilitate motor learning of weight shift toward the paretic side and enhance use of the paretic leg in chronic stroke survivors. Results from this study may be utilized to develop an intervention approach to improve walking in stroke survivors.PMID:34477919 | DOI:10.1007/s00221-021-06202-9
Source: Experimental Brain Research - September 3, 2021 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Seoung Hoon Park Chao-Jung Hsu Weena Dee Elliot J Roth William Z Rymer Ming Wu Source Type: research

Emerging role of artificial intelligence in stroke imaging
Expert Rev Neurother. 2021 Jul;21(7):745-754. doi: 10.1080/14737175.2021.1951234. Epub 2021 Jul 20.ABSTRACTIntroduction: The recognition and therapy of patients with stroke is becoming progressively intricate as additional treatment choices become accessible and new associations between disease characteristics and treatment response are incessantly uncovered. Therefore, clinicians must regularly learn new skill, stay up to date with the literature and integrate advances into daily practice. The application of artificial intelligence (AI) to assist clinical decision making could diminish inter-rater variation in routine cli...
Source: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics - July 20, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Giuseppe Corrias Andrea Mazzotta Marta Melis Filippo Cademartiri Qi Yang Jasjit S Suri Luca Saba Source Type: research

Enhanced error facilitates motor learning in weight shift and increases use of the paretic leg during walking at chronic stage after stroke
In conclusion, applying pelvis resistance forces to increase error signals may facilitate motor learning of weight shift toward the paretic side and enhance use of the paretic leg in chronic stroke survivors. Results from this study may be utilized to develop an intervention approach to improve walking in stroke survivors.PMID:34477919 | DOI:10.1007/s00221-021-06202-9
Source: Brain Research - September 3, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Seoung Hoon Park Chao-Jung Hsu Weena Dee Elliot J Roth William Z Rymer Ming Wu Source Type: research

Understanding the facilitators and barriers of stroke survivors' adherence to recovery-oriented self-practice: a thematic synthesis
CONCLUSION: To have a positive effect on adherence to self-practice, clinicians are advised to spend time learning about each individual's life circumstances, so they can tailor proposed exercise programs to patients' personal situations, preferences, and needs.IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATIONThe topic of patient's adherence to self-practice of prescribed exercise is a common concern, often voiced by frustrated rehabilitation health professionals. Bridging the gap between the patient's needs for post-discharge intensive therapy and the inability of healthcare systems to provide it could be filled partly by self-practice.Adh...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - August 30, 2021 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Dor Vadas Kirsten Prest Amadea Turk Stephanie Tierney Source Type: research

Assessing the Relative Value of CT Perfusion Compared to Non-contrast CT and CT Angiography in Prognosticating Reperfusion-Eligible Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients
In the present study we sought to measure the relative statistical value of various multimodal CT protocols at identifying treatment responsiveness in patients being considered for thrombolysis. We used a prospectively collected cohort of acute ischemic stroke patients being assessed for IV-alteplase, who had CT-perfusion (CTP) and CT-angiography (CTA) before a treatment decision. Linear regression and receiver operator characteristic curve analysis were performed to measure the prognostic value of models incorporating each imaging modality. One thousand five hundred and sixty-two sub-4.5 h ischemic stroke patients were in...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - September 9, 2021 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Development of lower limb training interventions that promote an external focus of attention in people with stroke: a modified Delphi survey
CONCLUSIONS: : Commonly used rehabilitation exercises can be adapted to promote an external focus of attention, by altering the therapist's use of instructions and/or altering the task set up. Treatment principles and examples of tasks that promote an external focus have been produced.PMID:34474651 | DOI:10.1080/09593985.2021.1972501
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - September 3, 2021 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Louise Johnson Jane Burridge Sara Demain Source Type: research

Emerging role of artificial intelligence in stroke imaging
Expert Rev Neurother. 2021 Jul;21(7):745-754. doi: 10.1080/14737175.2021.1951234. Epub 2021 Jul 20.ABSTRACTIntroduction: The recognition and therapy of patients with stroke is becoming progressively intricate as additional treatment choices become accessible and new associations between disease characteristics and treatment response are incessantly uncovered. Therefore, clinicians must regularly learn new skill, stay up to date with the literature and integrate advances into daily practice. The application of artificial intelligence (AI) to assist clinical decision making could diminish inter-rater variation in routine cli...
Source: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics - July 20, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Giuseppe Corrias Andrea Mazzotta Marta Melis Filippo Cademartiri Qi Yang Jasjit S Suri Luca Saba Source Type: research

Oral Administration of Cyclic Glycyl-Proline Facilitates Task Learning in a Rat Stroke Model
Behav Brain Res. 2021 Sep 9:113561. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2021.113561. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCyclic glycyl-proline (cGP) exerts neuroprotective effects against ischemic stroke and may promote neural plasticity or network remodeling. We sought to determine to what extent oral administration of cGP could facilitate task learning in rats with ischemic lesions. We trained rats to perform a choice reaction time task using their forepaws. One week after changing the food to pellets containing cGP (no cGP: 0mg/kg; low cGP: 25mg/kg; and high cGP: 75mg/kg), we made a focal ischemic lesion on the left or right forepaw area of t...
Source: Behavioural Brain Research - September 12, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Hidekazu Kaneko Masakazu Namihira Shoko Yamamoto Noriaki Numata Koji Hyodo Source Type: research

Emerging role of artificial intelligence in stroke imaging
Expert Rev Neurother. 2021 Jul;21(7):745-754. doi: 10.1080/14737175.2021.1951234. Epub 2021 Jul 20.ABSTRACTIntroduction: The recognition and therapy of patients with stroke is becoming progressively intricate as additional treatment choices become accessible and new associations between disease characteristics and treatment response are incessantly uncovered. Therefore, clinicians must regularly learn new skill, stay up to date with the literature and integrate advances into daily practice. The application of artificial intelligence (AI) to assist clinical decision making could diminish inter-rater variation in routine cli...
Source: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics - July 20, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Giuseppe Corrias Andrea Mazzotta Marta Melis Filippo Cademartiri Qi Yang Jasjit S Suri Luca Saba Source Type: research

Oral Administration of Cyclic Glycyl-Proline Facilitates Task Learning in a Rat Stroke Model
Behav Brain Res. 2021 Sep 9:113561. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2021.113561. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCyclic glycyl-proline (cGP) exerts neuroprotective effects against ischemic stroke and may promote neural plasticity or network remodeling. We sought to determine to what extent oral administration of cGP could facilitate task learning in rats with ischemic lesions. We trained rats to perform a choice reaction time task using their forepaws. One week after changing the food to pellets containing cGP (no cGP: 0mg/kg; low cGP: 25mg/kg; and high cGP: 75mg/kg), we made a focal ischemic lesion on the left or right forepaw area of t...
Source: Behavioural Brain Research - September 12, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Hidekazu Kaneko Masakazu Namihira Shoko Yamamoto Noriaki Numata Koji Hyodo Source Type: research

Emerging role of artificial intelligence in stroke imaging
Expert Rev Neurother. 2021 Jul;21(7):745-754. doi: 10.1080/14737175.2021.1951234. Epub 2021 Jul 20.ABSTRACTIntroduction: The recognition and therapy of patients with stroke is becoming progressively intricate as additional treatment choices become accessible and new associations between disease characteristics and treatment response are incessantly uncovered. Therefore, clinicians must regularly learn new skill, stay up to date with the literature and integrate advances into daily practice. The application of artificial intelligence (AI) to assist clinical decision making could diminish inter-rater variation in routine cli...
Source: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics - July 20, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Giuseppe Corrias Andrea Mazzotta Marta Melis Filippo Cademartiri Qi Yang Jasjit S Suri Luca Saba Source Type: research

Ephrin-B2 PB-mononuclear cells reduce early post-stroke deficit in diabetic mice but not long-term memory impairment
CONCLUSIONS: Intravenous PB-MNC+ administration the day after stroke induction in diabetic mice improved sensorimotor deficit and reduced infarct volume at the short term, but was unable to prevent long-term memory loss. To what extent diabetes impacts on cell therapy efficacy will have to be specifically investigated in the future. Including vascular risk factors systematically in preclinical studies of cell therapy will provide a comprehensive understanding of the mechanisms potentially limiting cell efficacy and also to identify good and bad responders, particularly in the long term.PMID:34520725 | DOI:10.1016/j.expneurol.2021.113864
Source: Experimental Neurology - September 14, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Adrien Cogo Gabrielle Mangin Sarah Mouazan Tatiana Merkulova-Rainon Jean-Pierre Riveline Jean-Fran çois Gautier Mathilde Varret Nathalie Kubis Source Type: research

Oral Administration of Cyclic Glycyl-Proline Facilitates Task Learning in a Rat Stroke Model
Behav Brain Res. 2021 Sep 9:113561. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2021.113561. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCyclic glycyl-proline (cGP) exerts neuroprotective effects against ischemic stroke and may promote neural plasticity or network remodeling. We sought to determine to what extent oral administration of cGP could facilitate task learning in rats with ischemic lesions. We trained rats to perform a choice reaction time task using their forepaws. One week after changing the food to pellets containing cGP (no cGP: 0mg/kg; low cGP: 25mg/kg; and high cGP: 75mg/kg), we made a focal ischemic lesion on the left or right forepaw area of t...
Source: Behavioural Brain Research - September 12, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Hidekazu Kaneko Masakazu Namihira Shoko Yamamoto Noriaki Numata Koji Hyodo Source Type: research

Emerging role of artificial intelligence in stroke imaging
Expert Rev Neurother. 2021 Jul;21(7):745-754. doi: 10.1080/14737175.2021.1951234. Epub 2021 Jul 20.ABSTRACTIntroduction: The recognition and therapy of patients with stroke is becoming progressively intricate as additional treatment choices become accessible and new associations between disease characteristics and treatment response are incessantly uncovered. Therefore, clinicians must regularly learn new skill, stay up to date with the literature and integrate advances into daily practice. The application of artificial intelligence (AI) to assist clinical decision making could diminish inter-rater variation in routine cli...
Source: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics - July 20, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Giuseppe Corrias Andrea Mazzotta Marta Melis Filippo Cademartiri Qi Yang Jasjit S Suri Luca Saba Source Type: research

The Exosomal MicroRNA Profile Is Responsible for the Mesenchymal Stromal Cell Transplantation-Induced Improvement of Functional Recovery after Stroke in Rats
Conclusion: We confirmed that MSC transplantation repaired stroke-induced functional impairments in rats by regulating various pathways associated with nervous system protection and MSC differentiation through the deregulation of exosomal miRNAs.Neuroimmunomodulation
Source: Neuroimmunomodulation - September 17, 2021 Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

Emerging role of artificial intelligence in stroke imaging
Expert Rev Neurother. 2021 Jul;21(7):745-754. doi: 10.1080/14737175.2021.1951234. Epub 2021 Jul 20.ABSTRACTIntroduction: The recognition and therapy of patients with stroke is becoming progressively intricate as additional treatment choices become accessible and new associations between disease characteristics and treatment response are incessantly uncovered. Therefore, clinicians must regularly learn new skill, stay up to date with the literature and integrate advances into daily practice. The application of artificial intelligence (AI) to assist clinical decision making could diminish inter-rater variation in routine cli...
Source: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics - July 20, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Giuseppe Corrias Andrea Mazzotta Marta Melis Filippo Cademartiri Qi Yang Jasjit S Suri Luca Saba Source Type: research

Oral Administration of Cyclic Glycyl-Proline Facilitates Task Learning in a Rat Stroke Model
Behav Brain Res. 2021 Sep 9:113561. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2021.113561. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCyclic glycyl-proline (cGP) exerts neuroprotective effects against ischemic stroke and may promote neural plasticity or network remodeling. We sought to determine to what extent oral administration of cGP could facilitate task learning in rats with ischemic lesions. We trained rats to perform a choice reaction time task using their forepaws. One week after changing the food to pellets containing cGP (no cGP: 0mg/kg; low cGP: 25mg/kg; and high cGP: 75mg/kg), we made a focal ischemic lesion on the left or right forepaw area of t...
Source: Behavioural Brain Research - September 12, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Hidekazu Kaneko Masakazu Namihira Shoko Yamamoto Noriaki Numata Koji Hyodo Source Type: research

Emerging role of artificial intelligence in stroke imaging
Expert Rev Neurother. 2021 Jul;21(7):745-754. doi: 10.1080/14737175.2021.1951234. Epub 2021 Jul 20.ABSTRACTIntroduction: The recognition and therapy of patients with stroke is becoming progressively intricate as additional treatment choices become accessible and new associations between disease characteristics and treatment response are incessantly uncovered. Therefore, clinicians must regularly learn new skill, stay up to date with the literature and integrate advances into daily practice. The application of artificial intelligence (AI) to assist clinical decision making could diminish inter-rater variation in routine cli...
Source: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics - July 20, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Giuseppe Corrias Andrea Mazzotta Marta Melis Filippo Cademartiri Qi Yang Jasjit S Suri Luca Saba Source Type: research

Oral Administration of Cyclic Glycyl-Proline Facilitates Task Learning in a Rat Stroke Model
Behav Brain Res. 2021 Sep 9:113561. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2021.113561. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCyclic glycyl-proline (cGP) exerts neuroprotective effects against ischemic stroke and may promote neural plasticity or network remodeling. We sought to determine to what extent oral administration of cGP could facilitate task learning in rats with ischemic lesions. We trained rats to perform a choice reaction time task using their forepaws. One week after changing the food to pellets containing cGP (no cGP: 0mg/kg; low cGP: 25mg/kg; and high cGP: 75mg/kg), we made a focal ischemic lesion on the left or right forepaw area of t...
Source: Behavioural Brain Research - September 12, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Hidekazu Kaneko Masakazu Namihira Shoko Yamamoto Noriaki Numata Koji Hyodo Source Type: research

Emerging role of artificial intelligence in stroke imaging
Expert Rev Neurother. 2021 Jul;21(7):745-754. doi: 10.1080/14737175.2021.1951234. Epub 2021 Jul 20.ABSTRACTIntroduction: The recognition and therapy of patients with stroke is becoming progressively intricate as additional treatment choices become accessible and new associations between disease characteristics and treatment response are incessantly uncovered. Therefore, clinicians must regularly learn new skill, stay up to date with the literature and integrate advances into daily practice. The application of artificial intelligence (AI) to assist clinical decision making could diminish inter-rater variation in routine cli...
Source: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics - July 20, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Giuseppe Corrias Andrea Mazzotta Marta Melis Filippo Cademartiri Qi Yang Jasjit S Suri Luca Saba Source Type: research

Oral Administration of Cyclic Glycyl-Proline Facilitates Task Learning in a Rat Stroke Model
Behav Brain Res. 2021 Sep 9:113561. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2021.113561. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCyclic glycyl-proline (cGP) exerts neuroprotective effects against ischemic stroke and may promote neural plasticity or network remodeling. We sought to determine to what extent oral administration of cGP could facilitate task learning in rats with ischemic lesions. We trained rats to perform a choice reaction time task using their forepaws. One week after changing the food to pellets containing cGP (no cGP: 0mg/kg; low cGP: 25mg/kg; and high cGP: 75mg/kg), we made a focal ischemic lesion on the left or right forepaw area of t...
Source: Behavioural Brain Research - September 12, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Hidekazu Kaneko Masakazu Namihira Shoko Yamamoto Noriaki Numata Koji Hyodo Source Type: research

Emerging role of artificial intelligence in stroke imaging
Expert Rev Neurother. 2021 Jul;21(7):745-754. doi: 10.1080/14737175.2021.1951234. Epub 2021 Jul 20.ABSTRACTIntroduction: The recognition and therapy of patients with stroke is becoming progressively intricate as additional treatment choices become accessible and new associations between disease characteristics and treatment response are incessantly uncovered. Therefore, clinicians must regularly learn new skill, stay up to date with the literature and integrate advances into daily practice. The application of artificial intelligence (AI) to assist clinical decision making could diminish inter-rater variation in routine cli...
Source: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics - July 20, 2021 Category: Neurology Authors: Giuseppe Corrias Andrea Mazzotta Marta Melis Filippo Cademartiri Qi Yang Jasjit S Suri Luca Saba Source Type: research

Do epilepsy and migraine share a genetic link?
Conclusion This paper suggests there is a link between the number of close relatives with a seizure disorder and the likelihood that an individual with epilepsy will also suffer from migraines with aura. However, it seems that the researchers were only interested in what they term ‘additional’ family members, and did not take into account the fact that to be eligible for this study at least two siblings or a parent and child both had to suffer from epilepsy. There seems to be the possibility that if, for example, four members of a family were enrolled in the study but the family had no further affected members, all me...
Source: NHS News Feed - January 7, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Neurology Genetics/stem cells Source Type: news

Apophis – a 'potentially hazardous' asteroid – flies by Earth on Wednesday | Stuart Clark
Asteroid Apophis arrives this week for a close pass of Earth. This isn't the end of the world but a new beginning for research into potentially hazardous asteroidsApophis hit the headlines in December 2004. Six months after its discovery, astronomers had accrued enough images to calculate a reasonable orbit for the 300-metre chunk of space rock. What they saw was shocking. There was a roughly 1 in 300 chance of the asteroid hitting Earth during April 2029. Nasa issued a press release spurring astronomers around the world to take more observations in order to refine the orbit. Far from dropping, however, the chances of an i...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - January 7, 2013 Category: Science Authors: Stuart Clark Tags: Blogposts Astronomy guardian.co.uk Space Science Source Type: news