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Saving and Improving Lives Mile By Mile, Coast to Coast
Since mid-March, they've been riding bicycles through communities from coast to coast. Perhaps you've heard about their efforts or even saw them roll through your area. Their aim is noble. Their journey proved to be more difficult than envisioned. They endured a tragedy halfway through. And a near tragedy at the start. And all that is on top of the devastating episode that birthed this whole thing. The ride is called Heart Across America. It's the brainchild of Sean Maloney, a former Intel executive who overcame a debilitating stroke to resume his life and career. Since beating those odds, Maloney set his sights ev...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - June 8, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Bundle up: Introducing care bundles to increase knowledge and confidence of senior nursing students
Nursing graduates transitioning to practice are expected to be safe and competent practitioners. Health organizations promote the use of evidence-based practices such as care bundles to improve patient outcomes and provide quality health care. This research describes the introduction of 2 care bundles, sepsis, and acute stroke to senior associate degree nursing students in a clinical day on campus. The researchers used high-fidelity simulation as a teaching methodology to increase knowledge and confidence level in caring for patients in the clinical setting.
Source: Teaching and Learning in Nursing - June 17, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Lori Goodstone, Fran Cherkis, Christine Glaser, Maria Nikolaidou, Nancy J. Maggio Source Type: research

Gear: The latest for stand-up paddle board fans on the go
The stand-up paddle board, or SUP, is one of the hottest sports products right now. People of all abilities love the comfortable standing position, the smooth and easy-to-learn paddle stroke, the upper-body and core workout, and the excuse to get out in the sunshine and onto the water. What they...
Source: L.A. Times - Health - May 8, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Roy Wallack Source Type: news

Surgical treatment of complex aneurysms and thoracic aortic dissections with the Frozen Elephant Trunk technique
Conclusion: Frozen Elephant Trunk is a feasible technique and should be considered. The severity of the underlying disease justifies high mortality rates. The learning curve is a reality. This approach allows treatment of more than two segments at once. Nonetheless, if a second stage is made necessary, it is facilitated. Resumo Objetivo: Relatar experiência inicial com a técnica "Frozen Elephant Trunk". Métodos: Entre julho de 2009 e outubro de 2013, 21 pacientes, 66% homens, média de idade de 56±11 anos, 66,7% portadores de dissecção da aorta tipo A de Stanford (9,6% agudas e 57,1% crônicas), tipo B (14,3%, todas ...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular - June 19, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Effects of Physical Exercise on Neuroinflammation, Neuroplasticity, Neurodegeneration, and Behavior: What We Can Learn From Animal Models in Clinical Settings
Physical exercise is a cornerstone in the management of many neurodegenerative disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease, dementia, and stroke. However, much of its beneficial effects on improving motor functions and cognition as well as decreasing neurodegeneration and neuroinflammation are not yet well understood. The obvious limitations of studying the protective mechanisms behind exercise, for example, brain plasticity and neurodegeneration, could be overcome by generating novel animal models of neurodegenerative disorders. In this narrative review, we discuss the beneficial effects of exercise performed in animal m...
Source: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair - June 25, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Svensson, M., Lexell, J., Deierborg, T. Tags: Basic Research Articles Source Type: research

Training Intensity Affects Motor Rehabilitation Efficacy Following Unilateral Ischemic Insult of the Sensorimotor Cortex in C57BL/6 Mice
Discussion. These data indicate that increased training intensity increases the rate of functional improvements per time and per training session following ischemic insult. Thus, training intensity is an important variable to consider in efforts to optimize rehabilitation efficacy.
Source: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair - June 25, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Bell, J. A., Wolke, M. L., Ortez, R. C., Jones, T. A., Kerr, A. L. Tags: Basic Research Articles Source Type: research

Evidence for Intensive Aphasia Therapy: Consideration of Theories from Neuroscience and Cognitive Psychology
Publication date: Available online 21 June 2015 Source:PM&R Author(s): Jade K. Dignam , Amy D. Rodriguez , David Copland Treatment intensity is a critical component to the delivery of speech-language pathology and rehabilitation services. Within aphasia rehabilitation, however, there is currently insufficient evidence to guide clinical decision making with respect to the optimal treatment intensity. This review considers perspectives from two key bodies of research; the neuroscience and cognitive psychology literature, with respect to the scheduling of aphasia rehabilitation services. Neuroscience research sugges...
Source: PMandR - June 29, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Spreading Depression, Spreading Depolarizations, and the Cerebral Vasculature
Spreading depression (SD) is a transient wave of near-complete neuronal and glial depolarization associated with massive transmembrane ionic and water shifts. It is evolutionarily conserved in the central nervous systems of a wide variety of species from locust to human. The depolarization spreads slowly at a rate of only millimeters per minute by way of grey matter contiguity, irrespective of functional or vascular divisions, and lasts up to a minute in otherwise normal tissue. As such, SD is a radically different breed of electrophysiological activity compared with everyday neural activity, such as action potentials and ...
Source: Physiological Reviews - July 1, 2015 Category: Physiology Authors: Ayata, C., Lauritzen, M. Tags: Reviews Source Type: research

Spreading Depression, Spreading Depolarizations, and the Cerebral Vasculature.
Abstract Spreading depression (SD) is a transient wave of near-complete neuronal and glial depolarization associated with massive transmembrane ionic and water shifts. It is evolutionarily conserved in the central nervous systems of a wide variety of species from locust to human. The depolarization spreads slowly at a rate of only millimeters per minute by way of grey matter contiguity, irrespective of functional or vascular divisions, and lasts up to a minute in otherwise normal tissue. As such, SD is a radically different breed of electrophysiological activity compared with everyday neural activity, such as acti...
Source: Physiological Reviews - July 1, 2015 Category: Physiology Authors: Ayata C, Lauritzen M Tags: Physiol Rev Source Type: research

Fruit Flies Fall Into Coma to Survive Three Day Drowning
How much is there to learn about the behavior of a fruit fly? Fruit flies have been used in basic research for more than 100 years. Among the more common reasons for studying a fly including small size, homologous disease genes, and genetic tractability, what we are most interested in their ability to withstand stressful conditions significantly better than a mammal. A key feature of fly survival is their ability to survive a slew of environmental conditions from freezing rain to extensive droughts that occur in the fly's natural environment. In humans, short periods of anoxic stress or oxygen deprivation whether caused by...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - July 7, 2015 Category: Science Source Type: news

Personalizing Medicine: Considering Preferences and Values
If you're interested in heart disease -- and who over the age of 40 isn't? -- you may have read an excellent series of articles by reporter Gina Kolata recently published in the New York Times. If you haven't seen it, the series includes pieces on blood pressure, stents, heart attack treatment and a new approach to aortic valve replacement. The heart valve article especially caught my eye, as this is a story I've been watching with personal interest: My 90-year-old mother has aortic stenosis for which surgery has been recommended. In fact, surgery was first recommended for my mom at least six years ago. I know that timing ...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - July 10, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Features and models for human activity recognition
In this study, an Information Correlation Coefficient (ICC) analysis was carried out followed by a wrapper Feature Selection (FS) method on the reduced input space. Additionally, a novel HAR method is proposed for this specific problem of stroke early diagnosing, comprising an adaptation of the well-known Genetic Fuzzy Finite State Machine (GFFSM) method. To the best of the author׳s knowledge, this is the very first analysis of the feature space concerning all the previously published feature transformations on raw acceleration data. The main contributions of this study are the optimization of the sample rate, selection o...
Source: Neurocomputing - July 10, 2015 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Understanding the role of the primary somatosensory cortex: opportunities for rehabilitation
Publication date: Available online 9 July 2015 Source:Neuropsychologia Author(s): Borich MR , Brodie SM , Gray WA , Ionta S , Boyd LA Emerging evidence indicates impairments in somatosensory function may be a major contributor to motor dysfunction associated with neurologic injury or disorders. However, the neuroanatomical substrates underlying the connection between aberrant sensory input and ineffective motor output are still under investigation. The primary somatosensory cortex (S1) plays a critical role in processing afferent somatosensory input and contributes to the integration of sensory and motor signals necessar...
Source: Neuropsychologia - July 10, 2015 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

In Alzheimer's Disease, Caregiving May Be Just As Trying As the Disease Itself
When most of us think of Alzheimer's disease, our first thought isn't usually of the quiet caregiver alongside the patient, devoting their time to helping someone living with the disease. But caring for someone with Alzheimer's disease is often a full-time job, taking its toll on the caregiver. According to AARP and the National Alliance for Caregiving, the "typical" family caregiver is a 49-year-old woman who takes care of a relative. Nearly 25 percent of America's caregivers are millennials (adults aged 18 to 34) and are more likely to be female than male. In fact, 66 percent of all caregivers are women, and female care...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - July 15, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Ischemic lesions localized to the medial prefrontal cortex produce selective deficits in measures of executive function in rats.
In this study we used bilateral micro-injections (1μl) of the vasoconstricting peptide endothelin-1 (ET-1) into the medial PFC in male Sprague Dawley rats (or vehicle control, N = 17-18 per group) in order to model ischemic lesions in the medial PFC. The effects of these lesions on executive function were assessed using tests of set-shifting and temporal order recognition. ET-1 injections in the medial PFC resulted in replicable and specific lesions within the PFC with an average infarct volume of 16.63 ± 2.71mm(3). The ischemic lesions resulted in specific contextual set-shifting deficits within the maze, including an i...
Source: Behavioural Brain Research - July 9, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Deziel RA, Ryan CL, Tasker RA Tags: Behav Brain Res Source Type: research

Your Active Social Life Could Help You Live Longer
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Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - July 17, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Respect the Distance
Dolphins swimming with triathletes in Santa Barbara, California A triathlete endures a beautiful mix of mental and physical feats up to the point when the animated race announcer signals the start of a triathlon. The draw for an amateur triathlete, such as myself, is to compete against one person. Myself. Competing with myself starts with learning to respect the distance by training and preparing months and even years in advance. Training gives an athlete a level of physical and mental confidence to push hard during the race. Athletes break personal barriers by setting goals in training and in the races. Here is a sample...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - July 21, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Renal Function and Long-Term Decline in Cognitive Function: The Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging.
CONCLUSION: In a community-based adult population, declines in renal function independently associated with greater long-term declines in visual memory and verbal memory and learning. © 2015 National Institutes of Health (NIH). Published by S. Karger AG, Basel. PMID: 26201453 [PubMed - in process]
Source: American Journal of Nephrology - July 24, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Seliger SL, Wendell CR, Waldstein SR, Ferrucci L, Zonderman AB Tags: Am J Nephrol Source Type: research

CPR during cardiac arrest: someone’s life is in your hands
Cardiac arrest is the ultimate 911 emergency. The heart stops sending blood to the body and brain, either because it is beating too fast and too erratically, or because it has stopped beating altogether. Oxygen-starved brain cells start to die. Death occurs in minutes — unless a bystander takes matters into his or her hands and starts cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Doing CPR keeps blood circulating until trained and better-equipped first responders arrive on the scene to jump-start the heart back into a normal rhythm. “The brain is the most sensitive of the body’s organs to oxygen deprivation,” sa...
Source: New Harvard Health Information - July 23, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Daniel Pendick Tags: Heart Health cardiac arrest CPR Source Type: news

E-076 improvement of patient care, quality and research through an automated cerebrovascular data collection (acdc)
ConclusionsAccess to real-time patient data will allow for improved clinical quality at the point of care. It will provide healthcare providers the ability to impact care prior to discharge which benefits patients, the clinical team, and Vanderbilt as a whole. Uniformity in data collection will reduce system redundancies and streamline clinical workflow. Currently VUMC employs two individuals for the sole purpose of manually abstracting stroke patient data. By reducing the burden of manual data abstraction, we will implement a cost-saving application which improves patient care at VUMC through increased efforts towards imp...
Source: Journal of NeuroInterventional Surgery - July 26, 2015 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Gilchrist, E., Burks, B., Espaillat, K., Fortenberry, T., Baggett, S., Kearney, M., Goggins, B., He, L., Mocco, J., Froehler, M. Tags: SNIS 12th Annual Meeting Electronic Poster Abstracts Source Type: research

Expert advice: How to help an addicted friend or family member get help
    Experts understand that addiction isn’t a weakness or moral failing; it’s an illness, much like cancer or heart disease. And It often falls to family members and friends to convince their addicted loved one to seek help. The task can feel like negotiating an emotional minefield with anger, obfuscation and denial among the likely outcomes. How do you know if there’s a problem, when do you intervene and how? Dr. Timothy Fong, associate clinical professor of psychiatry and director of the UCLA Addiction Medicine Clinic, provided guidance in the July 2015 issue of UCLA Magazine. An edited version of the article fo...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - August 1, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Two Great Things Exercise Is Guaranteed to Do For You
Everyone knows that exercise is good for your heart. That's not one of the two things I was talking about, but it's good to remember. Stroke and heart disease are two of the leading causes of death in the U.S. and no one wants to die sooner than necessary! The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as of last month were telling us two and a half hours of exercise could lower your risk for these diseases. You don't need to run a marathon or climb Half-Dome at Yosemite. You just need to do some moderate intensity aerobic activity. For any of you who don't know it, weight-bearing workouts (cables, weights etc.) are defi...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - August 5, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

New brain diet 'slows mental decline'
ConclusionThis observational study aimed to investigate the relationship between the MIND diet and its protective properties for mental decline in an older population. The study has several strengths, including the large sample size, long observational period of up to nine years, regular annual assessment of cognitive functions, and comprehensive assessment of diet. However, one of the main limitations is that this type of study cannot show cause and effect – it can only show an association between the diet and slower mental decline. There may be other unmeasured factors that account for the results, such as genetics, ...
Source: NHS News Feed - August 6, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Food/diet Neurology Source Type: news

UCLA–Tel Aviv study suggests REM sleep helps the brain capture snapshots of dream images
When we sleep, we experience our most vivid dreams and vigorous brain activity during the rapid eye movement, or REM phase. Although scientists have long suspected that our eyes flicker in response to what our unconscious mind sees in our dreams, no one has been able to prove it.  Now, an international team of researchers led by UCLA’s Dr. Itzhak Fried is the first to demonstrate that during dreams, our eyes and brains respond similarly to how they react to images when we’re awake. Published in the Aug. 11 online edition of Nature Communications, the findings offer a rare glimpse into the working of individual brain...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - August 12, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

The Mobilize Center: an NIH big data to knowledge center to advance human movement research and improve mobility
Regular physical activity helps prevent heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and other chronic diseases, yet a broad range of conditions impair mobility at great personal and societal cost. Vast amounts of data characterizing human movement are available from research labs, clinics, and millions of smartphones and wearable sensors, but integration and analysis of this large quantity of mobility data are extremely challenging. The authors have established the Mobilize Center (http://mobilize.stanford.edu) to harness these data to improve human mobility and help lay the foundation for using data science methods in biomedicine. T...
Source: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association - August 13, 2015 Category: Information Technology Authors: Ku, J. P., Hicks, J. L., Hastie, T., Leskovec, J., Re, C., Delp, S. L. Tags: Brief Communication Source Type: research

Assessing fidelity to treatment delivery in the ICONS (Identifying Continence OptioNs after Stroke) cluster randomised feasibility trial
Conclusions: Lessons learnt from this study have implications for the future ICONS definitive trial and for other trials of complex interventions. Implementation of a complex intervention may often deviate from what is intended. While careful consideration should be given to the best method of fidelity assessment, an iterative approach allowing flexibility to adapt pre-planned methods is recommended within feasibility trials. As fidelity to treatment delivery in the ICONS feasibility trial appeared to be relatively low, more attention to implementation strategies will be required in the definitive trial.Trial registrationI...
Source: BMC Medical Research Methodology - August 21, 2015 Category: Research Authors: Brigit ChesworthMichael LeathleyLois ThomasChristopher SuttonDenise ForshawCaroline WatkinsThe ICONS project team and the ICONS Patient, Public and Carer Involvement Groups Source Type: research

Intrinsic functional connectivity differentiates minimally conscious from unresponsive patients
Despite advances in resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging investigations, clinicians remain with the challenge of how to implement this paradigm on an individualized basis. Here, we assessed the clinical relevance of resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging acquisitions in patients with disorders of consciousness by means of a systems-level approach. Three clinical centres collected data from 73 patients in minimally conscious state, vegetative state/unresponsive wakefulness syndrome and coma. The main analysis was performed on the data set coming from one centre (Liège) including 51 patient...
Source: Brain - August 24, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Demertzi, A., Antonopoulos, G., Heine, L., Voss, H. U., Crone, J. S., de Los Angeles, C., Bahri, M. A., Di Perri, C., Vanhaudenhuyse, A., Charland-Verville, V., Kronbichler, M., Trinka, E., Phillips, C., Gomez, F., Tshibanda, L., Soddu, A., Schiff, N. D., Tags: CNS Injury and Stroke Original Articles Source Type: research

Deaf Adolescents' Learning of Cardiovascular Health Information: Sources and Access Challenges
Deaf individuals have more cardiovascular risks than the general population that are believed to be related to their cardiovascular health knowledge disparities. This phenomenological study describes where 20 deaf sign language-using adolescents from Rochester, New York, many who possess many positive characteristics to support their health literacy, learn cardiovascular health information and their lived experiences accessing health information. The goal is to ultimately use this information to improve the delivery of cardiovascular health education to this population and other deaf adolescents at a higher risk for weak h...
Source: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education - August 31, 2015 Category: Audiology Authors: Smith, S. R., Kushalnagar, P., Hauser, P. C. Tags: Empirical Manuscript Source Type: research

Are We Working Ourselves to Death?
If you are an executive, manager, emergency medicine physician (EMP), Silicon Valley employee or struggling law associate, you and many like you are probably working more than 60 hours a week. According to a survey published in the Harvard Business Review a few years ago, you may be working an average of 72 hours a week. Contrast this with the government's desire to limit excessive working hours about 80 years ago when, on June 25, 1938, Franklin D. Roosevelt signed into law the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLS). This law banned oppressive child labor, set the minimum hourly wage at 25 cents, and the maximum workweek at 44 h...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - September 1, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

3 Reasons Every Weekend Should Be A Long Weekend
Three-day weekends are what summer is all about. We need those extra hours for traveling farther, grilling longer and taking in more sunsets. But did you know that the time-honored tradition is also good for your health? Here's your cheat sheet for convincing your boss to extend the goodness of the three-day weekend all year long: 1. Planning short vacations throughout the year can preserve employee well-being. Taking short vacations could be the key to workplace happiness, especially if you take them regularly. Employees who took four- to five-day vacations experienced health and well-being improvements, according to a sm...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - September 4, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

7 Ways to Avoid Death Via the Rat Race
In case you haven't figured it out, the rat race is real, and it can be very dangerous to your health and soul. Whether you work for someone or own a small business and work for multiple clients, chances are you have felt the weight of the rat race. We live in a 24/7 world with access to our work at all moments of day. Unfortunately, the first thing that many of us do in the morning is check our phones and enter a never ending stream of data. In Japan, death by overwork is a very real problem. According to Economy Watch, thousands of workers die each year after working too much work, and the government is stepping in to c...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - September 4, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Thyroid Hormone Signaling: Contribution to Neural Function, Cognition, and Relationship to Nicotine
Publication date: Available online 5 September 2015 Source:Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews Author(s): Prescott T. Leach, Thomas J. Gould Cigarette smoking is common despite its adverse effects on health, such as cardiovascular disease and stroke. Understanding the mechanisms that contribute to the addictive properties of nicotine makes it possible to target them to prevent the initiation of smoking behavior and/or increase the chance of successful quit attempts. While highly addictive, nicotine is not generally considered to be as reinforcing as other drugs of abuse. There are likely other mechanisms at wo...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - September 5, 2015 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

South Carolina Is FED UP
When asked to speak for a group of third and fourth graders about making "healthy choices," I picked the topic that most children have in common ... sugar! I began our discussion with one simple question. "If your parents came into the room and saw you eating out of the sugar bowl, what would they say?" One young man stated it best. "Are you crazy? Put that spoon down!" "Why would your parents say that?" I asked. Another little girl could barely contain herself. Waving her hand furiously she blurted out, "Because all that sugar is bad for you!" Out of the mouths of babes. When I talk to children, teens or adults,...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - September 17, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Is Your Prescription a Hall Pass or Lottery Ticket?
As much as I love learning, I did not always love school. We moved a lot, and I was too shy to do well as the new kid. At a new high school during my freshmen year, I discovered the joys of the hall pass. Being handed one gave me a feeling of freedom. With it, I was safe to evade the pressures of the classroom and wander the halls aimlessly. If a teacher stopped me to see if I should be in class, all I had to do was show my hall pass, and I'd be on my way. I think of a hall pass as something that is assured to protect you. Let's say a hall pass works at least 8 out of 10 times. There are hall passes, and then, there are l...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - September 17, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

9 Healthy Reasons To Indulge Your Coffee Cravings
There's no need to feel guilty about your morning cup o’ joe. On the contrary: People who drink four or more cups of coffee a day have up to a 20 percent lower risk of melanoma than those who sip the dark stuff less often, according to a 2015 study in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. But this study is hardly the first one touting good news for java junkies. "Coffee is incredibly rich in antioxidants, which are responsible for many of its health benefits," says Joy Bauer, RD, nutrition and health expert for Everyday Health and The Today Show. And studies show that its caffeine content may also play a prot...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - September 20, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Eliminating Health Disparities: What Can We Learn from the Veterans Health Administration?
Abstract Cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality has declined by more than 70% in the United States (U.S.) with over a 78% reduction in coronary heart disease (CHD) deaths since 1968.(1) Despite these remarkable improvements, it is well-established that not all populations benefit equally.(2,3) African Americans have higher all-cause and CVD mortality as well as increased CHD and stroke incidence compared to their white counterparts (Table 1).(2,4,5). PMID: 26384520 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Circulation - September 18, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Cook NL, Mensah GA Tags: Circulation Source Type: research

Paralyzed California man re-learns to walk via computer
(Reuters) — For paraplegic Adam Fritz, the thrill of the computer-assisted first steps he took five years after being paralyzed in a motorcycle crash came only after he was unhooked from the system that enabled him to walk briefly in a bioengineering lab. During the experiment itself, Fritz recounted, he had to keep his mind focused entirely on placing one foot in front of the other as his brain waves were translated by a computer algorithm into impulses that bypassed his severed spinal cord and activated his legs. “If you break your concentration, it wouldn’t work anymore,” he told Reuters shortly aft...
Source: Mass Device - September 24, 2015 Category: Medical Equipment Authors: MassDevice Tags: Research & Development Source Type: news

The Split-Belt Walking Paradigm
This article reviews findings from this experimental paradigm in chronic stroke survivors and discusses the future questions to be addressed in order to provide optimal rehabilitation interventions.
Source: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America - September 23, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Erin E. Helm, Darcy S. Reisman Source Type: research

7 Keys To A Happy, Healthy Brain
Why are some people sharp as a tack at 95 years old, while others begin struggling with mental clarity in their 50s? A lot of it has to do with genetics, but certain lifestyle factors also play an important role in how our brain ages. So while you can't control your genes, you can take advantage of the latest science to keep your grey cells strong: Get your olive oil Foods high in sugar, unhealthy fats and processed foods -- i.e., the typical American diet -- can wreak havoc on your brain over time. Studies have shown that excess sugar consumption can impair learning and memory, and increase your vulnerability to neurod...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - September 26, 2015 Category: Science Source Type: news

Can Pet Affection Improve Heart Health?
by Mimi O' Connor An energetic-looking young woman came bouncing down the aisle of the airplane so quickly that I barely had time to read the message on her T-shirt before she plopped down in the seat next to me. It read in bold letters "I LOVE ANIMALS," and underneath in smaller italics, "humans not so much." Being an animal lover myself, her shirt made me smile. I felt compelled to ask her about it. She told me that she was a veterinary medicine student and has cared for an expansive menagerie of critters since she was a little girl. My exposure to animals was modest by comparison. I've lived with and loved just two dogs...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - September 29, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Study of motor and electrophysiological effects induced by the association of motor imagery exercises and Paired Associative Stimulation in 6 hemiplegic patients
Conclusion The session PAS alone seems to induce motor improvement associated with increased cortical excitability not shown after the other two sessions. The combination of two types of stimuli seems to have less effect, perhaps because of the mechanisms regulating the homeostasis of brain plasticity. The results have to be confirmed on a larger sample.
Source: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - October 2, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

High-fructose diet hampers recovery from traumatic brain injury
A diet high in processed fructose sabotages rats’ brains’ ability to heal after head trauma, UCLA neuroscientists report. Revealing a link between nutrition and brain health, the finding offers implications for the 5.3 million Americans living with a traumatic brain injury, or TBI. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, an estimated 1.7 million people suffer a TBI each year, resulting in 52,000 annual deaths “Americans consume most of their fructose from processed foods sweetened with high-fructose corn syrup,” said Fernando Gomez-Pinilla, a professor of neurosurgery and integrative biology an...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - October 2, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Learning from brain control: clinical application of brain–computer interfaces
In conclusion, clinical application of brain machine interfaces in well-defined and circumscribed neurological disorders have demonstrated surprisingly positive effects. The application of BCIs to psychiatric and clinical–psychological problems, however, at present did not result in substantial improvement of complex behavioral disorders.
Source: e-Neuroforum - October 6, 2015 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Rhynchophylline Protects Against the Amyloid β-Induced Increase of Spontaneous Discharges in the Hippocampal CA1 Region of Rats.
Abstract Accumulated soluble amyloid β (Aβ)-induced aberrant neuronal network activity has been recognized as a key causative factor leading to cognitive deficits which are the most outstanding characteristic of Alzheimer's disease (AD). As an important structure associated with learning and memory, the hippocampus is one of the brain regions that are impaired very early in AD, and the hippocampal CA1 region is selectively vulnerable to soluble Aβ oligomers. Our recent study showed that soluble Aβ1-42 oligomers induced hyperactivity and perturbed the firing patterns in hippocampal neurons. Rhynchophylline (RIN...
Source: Neurochemical Research - October 6, 2015 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Shao H, Mi Z, Ji WG, Zhang CH, Zhang T, Ren SC, Zhu ZR Tags: Neurochem Res Source Type: research

Scripps experts present at 2015 TCT scientific symposium
(Scripps Health) From new methods for preventing stroke, to non-surgical treatment of heart valve defects and learning from complicated cases, Scripps Health cardiology experts will share leading edge techniques for improving heart care during the 27th Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - October 9, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

What I Learned From Not Finishing My First Triathlon
I registered for the Bethany Beach Triathlon to build endurance as part of my marathon training. And I wanted to practice approaching and overcoming fear. Drowning in the ocean? How about nightmarish images of my skeleton crumbling to the ground as I attempt to run 26 miles? It was at the beach and sounded like fun. My only goal was to finish. Except I didn't. I struggled to find my breath within moments of entering the ocean. I was too afraid to put my head underwater because I was sure I would drown. No amount of training in the pool prepared me for the force of the waves and the effort it took to fill my lungs with air...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - October 13, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Home computerised cognitive testing for tbi is feasible and popular
Serial neuropsychological testing potentially provides a powerful tool for tracking disease progress and identifying treatment response. Formal neuropsychometric assessment by a clinical psychologist is ideal but impractical for regular testing. Remote computerised assessment resolves this difficulty by allowing frequent home assessment, but is potentially limited by patient compliance and practise effects. We study the feasibility of this approach in an on-going clinical trial investigating the effects of methylphenidate on cognition after traumatic brain injury (TBI): Dopamine's Role in Enhancing Attention and Memory (DR...
Source: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry - October 14, 2015 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Jenkins, P., Fleminger, J., De-Simoni, S., Jolly, A., Gorgoraptis, N., Hampshire, A., Sharp, D. Tags: Neurological injury, Stroke, Trauma CNS / PNS, Trauma, Injury Thur 21, Parallel session 5: Therapeutics Source Type: research

Lessons Learned From Trends in Insufficient Sleep Across the United States
This article originally appeared on the Amerisleep blog. Rosie Osmun is the Creative Content Manager at Amerisleep, a progressive memory foam mattress brand focused on eco-friendly sleep solutions. Rosie writes more posts on the Amerisleep blog about the science of sleep, eco-friendly living, leading a healthy lifestyle and more. -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - October 16, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Motor imagery-based skill acquisition disrupted following rTMS of the inferior parietal lobule.
Abstract Motor imagery (MI), the mental rehearsal of motor tasks, has promise as a therapy in post-stroke rehabilitation. The potential effectiveness of MI is attributed to the facilitation of plasticity in numerous brain regions akin to those recruited for physical practice. It is suggested, however, that MI relies more heavily on regions commonly affected post-stroke, including left hemisphere parietal regions involved in visuospatial processes. However, the impact of parietal damage on MI-based skill acquisition that underlies rehabilitation remains unclear. Here, we examine the contribution of the left inferio...
Source: Experimental Brain Research - October 20, 2015 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Kraeutner SN, Keeler LT, Boe SG Tags: Exp Brain Res Source Type: research