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Researchers Devise Simple Method for Determining Atrial Fibrillation Risk in Women
Novel method makes it easier for women to learn if they are at risk for the irregular heart rhythm, an important cause of stroke
Source: BWH News - February 26, 2013 Category: Hospital Management Source Type: news

Brain-to-brain interface transmits information from one rat to another | Mo Costandi
Electronically-linked brains could facilitate rehabilitation and revolutionize computingIn Star Trek, the Borg is a menacing race of cybernetically-enhanced beings who conquer other races and assimilate them. They do not act as individuals, but rather as an interconnected group that makes decisions collectively. Assimilation involves integrating other life forms into the Collective, using brain implants that connect them to the "hive mind," such that their biology and technology can help the Borg to become the perfect race. This is a popular concept that can be found elsewhere in science fiction, but scientists have now mo...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - February 28, 2013 Category: Science Tags: Blogposts guardian.co.uk Technology Neuroscience Source Type: news

Women...Learn about ways to decrease your chances of heart disease, heart attack and stroke
Although studies show a significant improvement in Europe’s heart health, the number of young women having heart attacks is on the rise.In conjunction with International Women's Day (8 March 2013), the European Cardiology Society reminds women that they may be at a greater risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) than they think.  Read more Topics: Cardiovascular Disease Prevention - Risk Assessment and Management
Source: ESC News and Press - March 7, 2013 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Yaz Settlement News Provided by the Skikos Law Firm, New Claims Still...
Yaz lawsuits continue to result in settlements for victims of blood clots and related injuries such as stroke, deep vein thrombosis (DVT), and pulmonary embolism (PE). Readers can learn more at...(PRWeb May 08, 2013)Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/5/prweb10707101.htm
Source: PRWeb: Medical Pharmaceuticals - May 11, 2013 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Brain rewires itself after damage or injury, life scientists discover
When the brain's primary "learning center" is damaged, complex new neural circuits arise to compensate for the lost function, say life scientists from UCLA and Australia who have pinpointed the regions of the brain involved in creating those alternate pathways — often far from the damaged site.   The research, conducted by UCLA's Michael Fanselow and Moriel Zelikowsky in collaboration with Bryce Vissel, a group leader of the neuroscience research program at Sydney's Garvan Institute of Medical Research, appears this week in the early online edition of the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. ...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - May 15, 2013 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Could Antibodies or Hormones Slow Brain Damage from Alzheimer’s?
Scientists have discovered that certain antibodies may help slow the progression of Alzheimer’s disease. Dr. Patricia Salinas of University College London, UK, and her team focused on a protein called Dkk1, present in raised levels in the brains of people with Alzheimer’s disease. Using brain samples from mice, the team looked at the progressive disintegration of synapses in the hippocampus when exposed to a protein called amyloid-beta, thought to be central to the development of Alzheimer’s disease. “Synaptic loss mediated by amyloid-beta in early stages of the disease might contribute to cognitive...
Source: Psych Central - June 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jane Collingwood Tags: Aging Alzheimer's Disorders General Seniors Abnormal Deposits Alzheimer S Disease Antibodies Brain Area Brain Damage Cognitive Decline Cognitive Impairments Disintegration Dr Patricia Dr Simon Hippocampus Journal Of Neurosc Source Type: news

Got Bipolar? You're at Risk for Metabolic Syndrome, Too
A study found that people with bipolar disorder are up to twice as likely as the general population to have metabolic syndrome, a cluster of symptoms that increase your risk of heart problems, stroke and diabetes. The study, published in the Journal of Affective Disorders, also found that "co-occurrence of metabolic syndrome in the bipolar population is associated with a more complex illness presentation, less favorable response to treatment, and adverse course and outcome." In other words, for people with bipolar disorder, both are likely to be more serious and harder to treat. Why are people with bipolar more likely to ...
Source: About.com Bipolar Disorder - June 3, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: news

157 E-Books New to JEFFLINE
Scott Library added these 157 e-books to the growing collection in May and June: Accurate Results in the Clinical Laboratory Adult Emergency Medicine Adult-Gerontology and Family Nurse Practitioner Certification Examination (4th ed.) Advanced Assessment: Interpreting Findings and Formulating Differential Diagnoses (2nd ed.) Advancing Your Career: Concepts of Professional Nursing (5th ed.) Arrhythmia Essentials Atlas of Advanced Operative Surgery Atlas of Clinical Neurology (3rd ed.) Atlas of Hematopathology: Morphology, Immunophenotype, Cytogenetics, and Molecular Approaches Atlas of Human Infectious Diseases Atlas of No...
Source: What's New on JEFFLINE - June 25, 2013 Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Gary Kaplan Tags: All News Clinicians Researchers Students Teaching Faculty Source Type: news

If you could propose one idea to help improve health care delivery in the United States, what would it be?
Thumbnail: Tags: conversationsphrma conversationslarry hausnermyrl weinbergchris hansennancy brownContributors: 11621161115911631173Contributions: Read Larry Hausner's bio Despite the rapid development of innovative technologies in the health care field, we have yet to discover a panacea that will easily transform our health care system into one that provides high-quality and cost-effective care.  What we have discovered and come to agree on over the last decade is that our sick care system must be reconfigured to a health care system that emphasizes wellness and prevention.  For that reason, I offer ...
Source: PHRMA - June 24, 2013 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: rlowe Source Type: news

Freedom in waiting: A ventricular assist device gives Aidan’s family independence
Aidan When Aidan was just 8 months old, his parents Patrick and Tavina received shocking news—their son had hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, a rare but serious disease that affects the muscle of the heart. Given his young age and severity of his condition, the early prognosis was bleak. “Things didn’t look good at first,” remembers Patrick. “We were steeling ourselves for the real possibility that Aidan wouldn’t make it to see his first birthday.” But, heart condition or not, little Aidan was a fighter, and with minimal medical management his condition stabilized. Over the years, he grew ...
Source: Thrive, Children's Hospital Boston - July 3, 2013 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tripp Underwood Tags: All posts Heart conditions Our patients’ stories Christina VanderPluym Heart Center heart transplant hypertrophic cardiomyopathy MD VAD ventricular assist device Source Type: news

If only a Scotsman had boldly gone… | Kevin McKenna
The UK Space Conference opens in Glasgow this week – where better to hold it with all these UFOs around?Like many Scots, I am proud of my country's role in Earth's understanding of outer space. When it first dawned on me as a child that the most important member of Captain James T Kirk's Starship Enterprise was Scottish, I was bursting with pride. Neither do you get to have names such as Neil Armstrong or John Glenn unless there is a significant quotient of Scots blood in you. And when it was revealed many years later that Obi-Wan Kenobi too was Scottish, well… our place in cosmology was finally secured. There have eve...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - July 13, 2013 Category: Science Authors: Kevin McKenna Tags: Comment UFOs Star Trek UK news Scotland The Observer Space Comment is free Source Type: news

Surviving the Swelter
 According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), heat kills an average of 1,500 people a year in the US—a number higher than any other weather-related event.  The Red Cross defines some terms that you may hear regularly during hot weather months: Excessive Heat Watch - Conditions are favorable for an excessive heat event to meet or exceed local Excessive Heat Warning criteria in the next 24 to 72 hours. Excessive Heat Warning - Heat Index values are forecasting to meet or exceed locally defined warning criteria for at least 2 days (daytime highs=105-110° Fahrenheit). Heat Advisory - Heat ...
Source: Network News - July 22, 2013 Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Naomi Gonzales Tags: Emergency Preparedness General (all entries) Public Health Source Type: news

Heart disease risk 'higher in men who skip breakfast'
Conclusion This large cohort study of middle-aged and older male American health professionals has found that eating breakfast and not eating after going to bed are associated with a lower risk of coronary heart disease. As this was a cohort study, it cannot prove cause and effect, as it is not possible to exclude the possibility that there are other factors responsible for any of the associations seen.  The results remained the same when researchers adjusted for diet, demographic factors and activity level, but were no longer significant if the researchers adjusted for obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol level...
Source: NHS News Feed - July 23, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Heart/lungs Food/diet Source Type: news

Yaz Settlements Reach $1.4 Billion Reports the Skikos Law Firm, New...
Women who allegedly suffered blood clot injuries such as stroke, pulmonary embolism (PE), and deep vein thrombosis (DVT) continue to receive Yaz lawsuit settlements in 2013. Readers can learn more at...(PRWeb July 31, 2013)Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/7/prweb10982921.htm
Source: PRWeb: Medical Pharmaceuticals - July 31, 2013 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

New Oral Anticoagulants in Non-Valvular Atrial FibrillationNew Oral Anticoagulants in Non-Valvular Atrial Fibrillation
Learn more about new oral anticoagulants as an alternative for vitamin K antagonists to prevent stroke. European Heart Journal
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - August 2, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Cardiology Journal Article Source Type: news

California Health Interview Survey releases new 2011-12 data on health of Californians
The California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) today released new data based on interviews with more than 44,000 households in California. The survey, conducted by the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research, covered hundreds of topics affecting state residents' health and well-being. (See a complete list of topics here.)   Data on nearly 200 of these topics were released today on AskCHIS, the center's award-winning, free, easy-to-use Web tool that provides data by state, region, county and some service-planning areas in Los Angeles and San Diego counties. Even more data were released through free, downloadable pub...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - August 8, 2013 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Subconcussive blows and soccer: what’s the headache?
As the fall sports ramps up, teen athletes across the country are donning shin guards and cleats, prepping to return to their beloved sport—soccer. A handful, however, are foregoing the ritual. One child sitting on the sidelines is the 13-year old daughter of Ken Reed, sports policy director of the League of Fans. Reed and his wife decided the risk of short- and long-term brain damage from subconcussive blows to the head outweighed the benefits of the sport. They pulled their daughter from the field, a decision Reed shared on this recent Huffington Post blog. Thriving checked with William Meehan, MD, director of Boston C...
Source: Thrive, Children's Hospital Boston - September 25, 2013 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Lisa Fratt Tags: All posts Concussions Orthopedics Sports & exercise athlete and concussion Bill Meehan soccer injuries Sports Concussion Clinic Source Type: news

British Science Festival Student Bursary Winner 2013
Earlier this year the Nutrition Society gave one lucky Student Member the chance to attend the British Science Festival, which takes place in September each year. The winner, Lucy Bain, describes her experience and how she benefitted from it. Lucy is a PhD student at University of East Anglia, researching how our diet can influence stroke risk and risk factors such as blood pressure and cholesterol levels. This year’s Festival was held in Newcastle, which some members may remember from this year’s Nutrition Society Summer Meeting. On arrival on the Friday the weather wasn’t quite what graced us during that week in Ju...
Source: The Nutrition Society - October 15, 2013 Category: Nutrition Authors: NS Publications Team Source Type: news

Learning from each other: The Special Cell and domestic violence activist responses in different contexts across the world - Hague G.
Designed to act possibly as an anchor for other contributions, this article responds to the preceding article on the Special Cell for Women and Children in Mumbai, and offers a broad, brush-stroke overview of a selection of criminal justice-focused activis...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - October 28, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Program and Other Evaluations, Effectiveness Studies Source Type: news

Music gives people a voice when words fail them at the end of their lives | Bob Heath
A music therapist describes how improvising songs can open a vital channel of communication in palliative careAll that was dear to me, down below the seaI cannot hold this piece of driftwoodWhen life abandons meLiz, a patient at the Sobell House hospice, 2013In palliative care, when clients and their therapists get to know one another they do so with a shared knowledge, whether voiced or not, that while both of them are going to die eventually, at least one of them is going to be doing it very soon.The relationship between client and therapist is always unique. And whatever you may think about "therapy", all (or most) of i...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - November 5, 2013 Category: Science Tags: Psychology theguardian.com Music Health Medical research & wellbeing Society Life and style Editorial Science Source Type: news

Being bilingual may slow the onset of dementia
Conclusion This consecutive series of people treated at a specialist dementia clinic in India found that people with dementia who are bilingual developed dementia later than people who were monolingual. It is highly plausible that activities engaged in over a lifetime that increase our cognitive ability – such as understanding two or more languages – may have a protective effect against cognitive decline. However, this study cannot prove that being bilingual is directly protective against developing dementia. This study only characterised differences within a group of people who all developed dementia, rather than loo...
Source: NHS News Feed - November 8, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Lifestyle/exercise Neurology Older people Source Type: news

What Causes Muscle Weakness?
Discussion Muscle tone is the slight tension that is felt in a muscle when it is voluntarily relaxed. It can be assessed by asking the patient to relax and then taking the muscles through a range of motion such as moving the wrists, forearm and upper arm. Muscle strength is the muscle’s force against active resistance. Impaired strength is called weakness or paresis. There are 5 levels of muscle strength. 0 = No muscle contraction detected 1 = Barely detected flicker of contraction 2 = Active movement with gravity eliminated 3 = Active movement against gravity 4 = Active movement against gravity and some resistance ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - December 9, 2013 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Test could give two-year warning for Alzheimer's
Conclusion The researchers suggest that Alzheimer's disease can be predicted with an accuracy of 87.5% when thinning of the cortex in the right anterior cingulated gyrus is seen on MRI, alongside test results suggesting problems with recall and recognition. This research does not indicate a new "test", as MRI and psychological testing are standard procedures when investigating the signs and symptoms of dementia. What is novel in this approach is looking at a specific combination of results as a potential way of predicting which people with MCI may develop Alzheimer's disease. While this form of testing would be b...
Source: NHS News Feed - December 9, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Neurology Source Type: news

Stroke survivor learns to walk again thanks to revolutionary bionic leg which PREDICTS her movements
Sue Sandars, 51, from Gloucestershire, lost nearly all the use of her left arm and leg following a blood clot in her brain. The robotic leg is is controlled by a super-sensitive insole in her trainer.
Source: the Mail online | Health - December 27, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

NuvaRing Lawsuit and Settlement Update from the Skikos Firm, New...
A growing number of NuvaRing users have filed lawsuits alleging blood clots and related side effects such as stroke, pulmonary embolism, and DVT. Readers can learn more at...(PRWeb January 15, 2014)Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2014/01/prweb11482791.htm
Source: PRWeb: Medical Pharmaceuticals - January 15, 2014 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Ornim Medical Announces New Study Results Demonstrating the Value of the CerOx(TM) Cerebral Oxygen Monitor in the Treatment of Patients With Severe Traumatic Brain Injury
Healthcare Professionals Can Learn More About Ornim's Groundbreaking Technology at the International Stroke Conference From February 12-14, 2014, in San Diego KFAR SABA, ISRAEL--(Healthcare Sales & Marketing Network) - Ornim Medical, Inc., a biomedical ... Devices, Monitoring, NeurosurgeryOrnim Medical, CerOx, cerebral oxygen, traumatic brain injury
Source: HSMN NewsFeed - February 13, 2014 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Vegans and Colon Cancer Risk
Vegans have a lower risk of chronic disease such as colon cancer, heart disease and stroke. You can maintain a nutritionally based diet as a vegan, but it requires some planning and knowledge. Learn more about veganism and colon cancer risk here.
Source: About.com Colon Cancer - March 1, 2014 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: coloncancer.guide at about.com Tags: health Source Type: news

Do No Harm: Stories of Life, Death and Brain Surgery review
Patients see neurosurgeons as gods, but what is the reality? Henry Marsh has written a memoir of startling candourWe go to doctors for help and healing; we don't expect them to make us worse. Most people know the aphorism taught to medical students, attributed to the ancient Greek Hippocrates but timeless in its quiet sanity: "First, do no harm." But many medical treatments do cause harm: learning how to navigate the risks of drug therapies, as well as the catastrophic consequences of botched or inadvised surgical operations, is a big part of why training doctors takes so long. Even the simplest of therapies carries the ri...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - March 19, 2014 Category: Science Authors: Gavin Francis Tags: The Guardian Private healthcare Culture Society Reviews Books Neuroscience UK news Hospitals NHS Source Type: news

MRI reveals genetic activity: Deciphering genes' roles in learning and memory
Doctors commonly use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to diagnose tumors, damage from stroke, and many other medical conditions. Neuroscientists also rely on it as a research tool for identifying parts of the brain that carry out different cognitive functions. Now, biological engineers are trying to adapt MRI to a much smaller scale, allowing researchers to visualize gene activity inside the brains of living animals.
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - March 25, 2014 Category: Science Source Type: news

Amy Comstock Rick - PARKINSONS
By far, the greatest challenge facing the Parkinson’s community today is the lack of disease modifying therapies to slow or stop the progression of the disease. Parkinson’s disease is one of the most complicated diseases we know of. No two people with Parkinson’s have the same symptoms, and there is no one-size-fits-all approach to treating the disease. People affected are often forced to stop working and manage their disease full time. If Parkinson’s itself isn’t disrupting enough, often the medications used to treat the disease cause a host of side effects that impact the quality of life and sometimes stop bein...
Source: PHRMA - March 27, 2014 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Julie Source Type: news

What Causes Ataxia?
Discussion Coordination and balance problems are caused by various problems affecting the central and peripheral nervous system. Normal development of a child or weakness of a child are commonly mistaken for true ataxia. Ataxia specifically refers to “…impairment of the coordination of movement without loss of muscle strength.” If it is purely due to abnormalities of the cerebellum then there should be no changes in mental status, sensation or weakness. Sometimes it is difficult to determine if there are abnormalities in other areas. For example, Guillian-Barre often presents with difficulty or clumsy wal...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - March 31, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Cannabis linked to brain differences in the young
Conclusion This study found differences between young recreational cannabis users and non-users in the volume and structure of the nucleus accumbens and amygdala, which have a role in the brain’s reward system, pleasure response, emotion and decision making. However, as this was only a cross sectional study taking one-off brain scans of cannabis users and non-users, it cannot prove that cannabis use was the cause of any of the differences seen. It is not known whether cannabis use could have caused these changes in regular users.   Or conversely whether the cannabis users in this study had this brain structure to sta...
Source: NHS News Feed - April 16, 2014 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Mental health Neurology Source Type: news

Well: A Stroke You Must Have
It’s never too late to learn how to swim, a crucial skill, as more than 70 percent of the drowning victims in the United States each year are adults.
Source: NYT - April 28, 2014 Category: American Health Authors: By JANE E. BRODY Tags: Personal Health Water medicine and health Drownings Featured Swimming Source Type: news

Personal Health: A Stroke You Must Have
It’s never too late to learn how to swim, a crucial skill, as more than 70 percent of the drowning victims in the United States each year are adults.
Source: NYT - April 28, 2014 Category: American Health Authors: By JANE E. BRODY Tags: Personal Health Water medicine and health Drownings Featured Swimming Source Type: news

UCLA scientists hunt down origin of Huntington's disease in the brain
The gene mutation that causes Huntington's disease appears in every cell in the body, yet it kills only two types of brain cells. Why? UCLA scientists used a unique approach to switch the gene off in individual brain regions and zero in on those that play a role in causing the disease in mice. Published in the April 28 online edition of the journal Nature Medicine, the research sheds light on where Huntington's starts in the brain. It also suggests new targets and routes for therapeutic drugs to slow the devastating disease, which strikes an estimated 35,000 Americans. "From Day One of conception, the mutant gene that caus...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - April 28, 2014 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Longevity gene may boost brain power
(NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke) Scientists showed that people who have a variant of a longevity gene, called KLOTHO, have improved brain skills such as thinking, learning and memory regardless of their age, sex, or whether they have a genetic risk factor for Alzheimer's disease. Increasing KLOTHO gene levels in mice made them smarter, possibly by increasing the strength of connections between nerve cells in the brain. The study was partly funded by the National Institutes of Health.
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - May 9, 2014 Category: Biology Source Type: news

When Can A Child Start Strength Training?
Discussion Exercise is an important part of health and daily life. A review of recommendations for general exercise for children and adults can be found here. Many people use pedometers as a marker of their activity and a list of activities and their equivalent steps can be found here. The benefits of strength training includes improved performance, injury prevention and rehabilitation, improved cardiovascular fitness, improved bone mineral density, improved blood lipid profiles and mental health. Improvements in strength can be found in properly structured programs of at least 8 weeks duration occurring at least 1-2 time...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - May 12, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Infusing Motor Learning Research Into Neurorehabilitation Practice: A Historical Perspective With Case Exemplar From the Accelerated Skill Acquisition Program.
We describe a principle-based intervention for neurorehabilitation termed the Accelerated Skill Acquisition Program that we developed. This approach emphasizes integration from a broad set of scientific lines of inquiry including the contemporary fields of motor learning, neuroscience, and the psychological science of behavior change. Three overlapping essential elements-skill acquisition, impairment mitigation, and motivational enhancements-are integrated.Video Abstract available (See Video, Supplemental Digital Content 1, http://links.lww.com/JNPT/A71) for more insights from the authors. PMID: 24828523 [PubMed - as ...
Source: Physical Therapy - May 13, 2014 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Winstein C, Lewthwaite R, Blanton SR, Wolf LB, Wishart L Tags: J Neurol Phys Ther Source Type: research

Towards a programme theory for fidelity in the evaluation of complex interventions
ConclusionsThese findings characterize the real‐world nature of fidelity within intervention research, and specifically the negotiated nature of implementation within clinical settings, including individual patients' needs. This research adds to the evidence base because current frameworks for fidelity neglect the importance of learning over time of individuals and across the time span of a trial.
Source: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice - May 19, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Patricia Masterson‐Algar, Christopher R. Burton, Jo Rycroft‐Malone, Catherine M. Sackley, Marion F. Walker Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Comorbid Rat Model of Ischemia and β‐Amyloid Toxicity: Striatal and Cortical Degeneration
In this study, we examined the viability and morphological changes in microglial and neuronal cells, gap junction proteins (connexin43) and neuritic/axonal retraction (Fer Kinase) in the striatum and cerebral cortex using a comorbid rat model of striatal injections of endothelin‐1 (ET1) and Abeta toxicity. The results demonstrated ventricular enlargement, striatal atrophy, substantial increases in β‐amyloid, ramified microglia and increases in neuritic retraction in the combined models of stroke and Abeta toxicity. Changes in connexin43 occurred equally in both groups of Abeta‐treated rats, with and without focal is...
Source: Brain Pathology - May 19, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Zareen Amtul, Shawn N. Whitehead, Robin J. Keeley, John Bechberger, Alicia L. Fisher, Robert J. McDonald, Christian C. Naus, David G. Munoz, David F. Cechetto Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Neither ibuprofen nor steam improves symptom control compared with paracetamol in patients with acute respiratory tract infections in primary care
Commentary on: Little P, Moore M, Kelly J, et al.. Ibuprofen, paracetamol, and steam for patients with respiratory tract infections in primary care: pragmatic randomised factorial trial. BMJ 2013;347:f6041. Context The achievement of symptom control in patients with respiratory infections is an ongoing challenge, particularly within primary care. Patients and clinicians often view antibiotics, alongside other supportive medication, as the most expeditious intervention to achieve this goal. While we have learnt that antibiotics provide only very limited benefit in cases when bacterial infection is not suspected,1 2 the effe...
Source: Evidence-Based Medicine - May 19, 2014 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Schuetz, P. Tags: General practice / family medicine, Influenza, Otitis, Pain (neurology), Stroke, Ischaemic heart disease, Pain (palliative care), Drugs: musculoskeletal and joint diseases, Ear, nose and throat/otolaryngology Therapeutics Source Type: research

Ghostman: augmented reality application for telerehabilitation and remote instruction of a novel motor skill.
Abstract This paper describes a pilot study using a prototype telerehabilitation system (Ghostman). Ghostman is a visual augmentation system designed to allow a physical therapist and patient to inhabit each other's viewpoint in an augmented real-world environment. This allows the therapist to deliver instruction remotely and observe performance of a motor skill through the patient's point of view. In a pilot study, we investigated the efficacy of Ghostman by using it to teach participants to use chopsticks. Participants were randomized to a single training session, receiving either Ghostman or face-to-face instru...
Source: Biomed Res - May 20, 2014 Category: Research Authors: Chinthammit W, Merritt T, Pedersen S, Williams A, Visentin D, Rowe R, Furness T Tags: Biomed Res Int Source Type: research

NICE: 'Obese should be prescribed slimming clubs'
“GPs told to prescribe £100 slimming courses for millions of obese patients,” the Daily Mail reports. The news is based on new guidelines from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) that aim to encourage sustainable weight loss in the obese; “lose a little, and keep it off”. The guidance is mainly aimed at commissioners (who plan and agree which services will be provided in the NHS and monitor them), health professionals and groups who provide lifestyle weight management programmes. The recommendations may also be of interest to members of the public, including people who are overweight or o...
Source: NHS News Feed - May 28, 2014 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Lifestyle/exercise Food/diet Obesity QA articles Source Type: news

Potassium 2-(1-hydroxypentyl)-benzoate promotes long-term potentiation in Aβ1-42-injected rats and APP/PS1 transgenic mice.
Conclusion:Chronic administration of dl-PHPB improves learning and memory and promotes LTP in the animal models of Alzheimer's disease, possibly via increasing p-GluN2B expression in the hippocampus. PMID: 24858312 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica - May 26, 2014 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Li PP, Wang WP, Liu ZH, Xu SF, Lu WW, Wang L, Wang XL Tags: Acta Pharmacol Sin Source Type: research

Anti-neutrophil antibody enhances the neuroprotective effects of G-CSF by decreasing number of neutrophils in hypoxic ischemic neonatal rat model.
CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that coadministration of G-CSF with Ab not only prevented brain atrophy but also significantly improved neurological function by decreasing blood neutrophil counts. Hence the neuroprotective effects of G-CSF may be further enhanced if neutrophilia is avoided. PMID: 24874543 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Neurobiology of Disease - May 27, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Doycheva DM, Hadley T, Li L, Applegate RL, Zhang JH, Tang J Tags: Neurobiol Dis Source Type: research

Utility of intracerebral theta burst electrical stimulation to attenuate interhemispheric inhibition and to promote motor recovery after cortical injury in an animal model.
Abstract Following a cerebral cortex injury such as stroke, excessive inhibition around the core of the injury is thought to reduce the potential for new motor learning. In part, this may be caused by an imbalance of interhemispheric inhibition (IHI); therefore, treatments that relieve the inhibitory drive from the healthy hemisphere to the peri-lesional area may enhance motor recovery. Theta burst stimulation delivered by transcranial magnetic stimulation has been tested as a means of normalizing IHI, but clinical results have been variable. Here we use a new rat model of synaptic IHI to demonstrate that electric...
Source: Experimental Neurology - June 3, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Barry MD, Boddington LJ, Igelström KM, Gray JP, Shemmell J, Tseng KY, Oorschot DE, Reynolds JN Tags: Exp Neurol Source Type: research