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Condition: Pain
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Total 461 results found since Jan 2013.

An International Standard Set of Patient-Centered Outcome Measures After Stroke Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— A consensus stroke measure Standard Set was developed as a simple, pragmatic method to increase the value of stroke care. The set should be validated in practice when used for monitoring and comparisons across different care settings.
Source: Stroke - December 28, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Salinas, J., Sprinkhuizen, S. M., Ackerson, T., Bernhardt, J., Davie, C., George, M. G., Gething, S., Kelly, A. G., Lindsay, P., Liu, L., Martins, S. C. O., Morgan, L., Norrving, B., Ribbers, G. M., Silver, F. L., Smith, E. E., Williams, L. S., Schwamm, L Tags: Quality and Outcomes, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Characteristics of the shoulder in patients following acute stroke: a case series.
CONCLUSIONS: Given the severity of upper limb motor impairment, pain and reduced PROM were seen in a small number of participants. The clinical course of shoulder pain and PROM following stroke remains unclear. Large observational studies tracking shoulder characteristics from acute through to rehabilitation settings are needed. PMID: 30893022 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - March 19, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Gaitan M, Bainbridge L, Parkinson S, Cormack L, Cleary S, Harrold M Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Early clinical predictors of post-stroke spasticity.
Conclusions: Besides evaluating PSS itself with a reliable and valid rating scale the common clinical scales in stroke units practice (NIHSS, MRS, MMSE) allow early identification of patients at high risk for PSS. PMID: 33156735 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - November 6, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Glaess-Leistner S, Ri SJ, Audebert HJ, Wissel J Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Management of hemiplegic shoulder pain post stroke
The incidence of shoulder pain post stroke was high. Thus, it is clinically significant to study the onset characteristics and pain management. Yi Zhu and colleagues from Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, China retrospectively investigated the characteristics of hemiplegic shoulder pain post stroke in patients from Nanjing, China, and discussed risk factors for hemiplegic shoulder pain post stroke and curative effects of different pain management treatment methods...
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - November 5, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Stroke Source Type: news

Management of the hemiplegic shoulder complex.
Abstract Hemiplegia in the upper limb and shoulder complex is a common secondary impairment resulting from a cerebrovascular event; evidence-based intervention is required for effective treatment. Prior to addressing shoulder movement, biomechanical alignment of the pelvis and trunk must first be assessed. Extreme care must be taken when completing passive range of motion with the hemiplegic shoulder; motion should not exceed beyond 90° of shoulder flexion and abduction without scapular upward rotation and humeral head external rotation. It is recommended that the use of slings with upper limb hemiplegia be limit...
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - July 1, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Griffin C Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Cervical Arterial Dissections and Association With Cervical Manipulative Therapy: A Statement for Healthcare Professionals From the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association AHA/ASA Scientific Statement
Conclusions— CD is an important cause of ischemic stroke in young and middle-aged patients. CD is most prevalent in the upper cervical spine and can involve the internal carotid artery or vertebral artery. Although current biomechanical evidence is insufficient to establish the claim that CMT causes CD, clinical reports suggest that mechanical forces play a role in a considerable number of CDs and most population controlled studies have found an association between CMT and VAD stroke in young patients. Although the incidence of CMT-associated CD in patients who have previously received CMT is not well established, an...
Source: Stroke - September 22, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Biller, J., Sacco, R. L., Albuquerque, F. C., Demaerschalk, B. M., Fayad, P., Long, P. H., Noorollah, L. D., Panagos, P. D., Schievink, W. I., Schwartz, N. E., Shuaib, A., Thaler, D. E., Tirschwell, D. L., on behalf of the American Heart Association Strok Tags: AHA Statements and Guidelines AHA/ASA Scientific Statement Source Type: research

Management of Central Poststroke Pain: Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Our findings are inconsistent with major clinical practice guidelines; the available evidence suggests no beneficial effects of any therapies that researchers have evaluated in randomized controlled trials.
Source: Stroke - September 28, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Mulla, S. M., Wang, L., Khokhar, R., Izhar, Z., Agarwal, A., Couban, R., Buckley, D. N., Moulin, D. E., Panju, A., Makosso-Kallyth, S., Turan, A., Montori, V. M., Sessler, D. I., Thabane, L., Guyatt, G. H., Busse, J. W. Tags: Other Treatment, Other Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Developments in the Management of Acute Ischaemic StrokeDevelopments in the Management of Acute Ischaemic Stroke
What are the recent developments within the management of acute ischemic stroke? Continuing Education in Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - September 19, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Critical Care Journal Article Source Type: news

Pain management of hemiplegic shoulder pain post stroke
(Neural Regeneration Research) The incidence of shoulder pain post stroke was high. Thus, it is clinically significant to study the onset characteristics and pain management.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - October 30, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

EBN resources page
SIGN Apps for iPhone and iPad http://itunes.com/apps/signguidelines, https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.rootcreative.sign The SIGN app has recently been updated and now contains quick reference guides (QRGs) for:SIGN 136 Management of chronic pain SIGN 135 Management of epithelial ovarian cancer SIGN 134 Treatment of primary breast cancer SIGN 133 Management of hepatitis C The SIGN app has also had a complete re-design and now features:Optimisation for the latest operating systems Re-designed for improved legibility Send pdf button feature Split screen feature (ipad) Prevention of stroke in patients with atr...
Source: Evidence-Based Nursing - June 17, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: Liver disease, General practice / family medicine, Hepatitis and other GI infections, Drugs: cardiovascular system, Pain (neurology), Stroke, Diet, Pregnancy, Reproductive medicine, Breast cancer, Gynecological cancer, Lung cancer (oncology), Radiotherapy Source Type: research

Natural Course of Dissecting Vertebrobasilar Artery Aneurysms without Stroke FELLOWS' JOURNAL CLUB
CONCLUSIONS: The natural course of these lesions suggests that acute intervention is not always required and close follow-up without antithrombotic therapy is reasonable. Patients with symptoms due to mass effect or aneurysms of >10 mm may require treatment.
Source: American Journal of Neuroradiology - July 15, 2014 Category: Radiology Authors: Kobayashi, N., Murayama, Y., Yuki, I., Ishibashi, T., Ebara, M., Arakawa, H., Irie, K., Takao, H., Kajiwara, I., Nishimura, K., Karagiozov, K., Urashima, M. Tags: FELLOWS ' JOURNAL CLUB Source Type: research

Pharmacological Management of Central Post-Stroke Pain: A Practical Guide
Abstract Pain is one of the most troublesome sequelae of stroke. Some of this post-stroke pain is caused by the brain lesion itself; this is called central post-stroke pain (CPSP). Although the prevalence of CPSP is low (1–8 %), persistent, often treatment-resistant, painful sensations are a major problem for stroke patients. The pathogenesis of CPSP remains unknown, but suggested underlying causes include hyperexcitation in the damaged sensory pathways, damage to the central inhibitory pathways, or a combination of the two. For pharmacological treatment, amitriptyline, an adrenergic antidepressant, is current...
Source: CNS Drugs - September 1, 2014 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Pain among institutionalized stroke patients and its relation to emotional distress and social engagement
ConclusionsPain is a serious and multidimensional problem among institutionalized stroke patients. It is related to increased ED, which in turn can be a pathway to low SE as an indicator of social vulnerability. Future research should reveal how pain management in nursing homes can be tailored to the needs of this patient group. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Source: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - January 8, 2015 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Suzanne Almenkerk, Marja F. I. A. Depla, Martin Smalbrugge, Jan A. Eefsting, Cees M. P. M. Hertogh Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Although pharmacological treatment may have beneficial effects in central post-stroke pain, it does not abolish the symptoms
Abstract The management of central post-stroke pain is challenging. Amitriptyline is considered the first-line pharmacological choice, with lamotrigine, gabapentin and pregabalin used as alternative therapies. If the therapeutic response with monotherapy is insufficient, combination therapy (e.g. an adrenergic antidepressant plus an antiepileptic) may be considered.
Source: Drugs and Therapy Perspectives - February 4, 2015 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Pain in stroke patients: characteristics and impact on the rehabilitation treatment. A multicenter cross-sectional study.
CONCLUSIONS: The results from this multicenter study showed that in about ¼ of the patients, pain negatively influenced the rehabilitation program delaying the recovery and likely increasing the cost of rehabilitation. CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT: Clinicians should pay more attention to pain, especially neuropathic pain, in post--stroke patients. Tailored pharmacological therapy, to treat and prevent pain, might improve patients' compliance during the rehabilitation process. PMID: 25739508 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - February 26, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Aprile IG, Briani C, Pazzaglia C, Cecchi F, Negrini S, Padua L Tags: Eur J Phys Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Presence of decreased Intraepidermal Nerve Fiber Density consistent with Small Fiber Neuropathy in Patients with Central Post-Stroke Pain (P1.050)
CONCLUSIONS: We have demonstrated evidence of decreased ENFD in a small series of patients with CPSP. These findings do not imply causality; however, they do bring up several important questions for further consideration. Does the central nervous system injury associated with stroke result in small fiber neuropathy in certain patients? Are patients with asymptomatic, previously undiagnosed small fiber neuropathy at increased risk for developing CPSP following a stroke? Do these findings have any implication for treatment? Further studies including prospective analyses are necessary to better understand these findings for b...
Source: Neurology - April 8, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Yushvayev-Cavalier, Y., Amory, C., Bernardini, G., Argoff, C. Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease and Interventional Neurology: The Spectrum of Small Vessel Cerebrovascular Disease Source Type: research

A Comprehensive Review of Central Post-Stroke Pain
Although central post-stroke pain is widely recognized as a severe chronic neuropathic pain condition, its consolidated definition, clinical characteristics, and diagnostic criteria have not been defined due to its clinically diverse features. The present study was undertaken to comprehensively review current literature and provide a more complete picture of central post-stroke pain with respect to its definition, prevalence, pathophysiology, clinical characteristics, and diagnostic problems, and to describe the range of therapies currently available.
Source: Pain Management Nursing - May 8, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: HyunSoo Oh, WhaSook Seo Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

A patient with acute aortic dissection presenting with bilateral stroke - A rare experience.
Abstract Acute aortic dissection is a rare, life-threatening condition requiring early recognition and proper treatment. Although chest pain remains the most frequent initial symptom, clinical manifestation of aortic dissection varies. Rarely aortic dissection starts with neurological symptoms such as ischemic stroke, which is usually right-sided. A danger of performing thrombolytic therapy in these patients exists if aortic dissection is overlooked. Herein, we present a case of a patient with acute aortic dissection without typical chest pain whose initial manifestation was bilateral stroke. The uncommon presenta...
Source: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska - May 1, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Kowalska-Brozda O, Brozda M Tags: Neurol Neurochir Pol Source Type: research

Foot and ankle impairments affect balance and mobility in stroke (FAiMiS): the views and experiences of people with stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: Foot and ankle impairments such as pain, altered somatosensory input and weakness significantly contribute to problems with community ambulation, balance and fear of falling in people with chronic stroke. Specific foot and ankle impairments may also negatively contribute to perceptions of physical appearance and self-esteem. Therapeutic management approaches within clinical practice appear to focus mostly on the gross performance of the lower limb with little emphasis on the specific assessment or treatment of the foot or ankle. Implications for Rehabilitation Foot pain, sensory impairments and muscle weakness...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - June 9, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Gorst T, Lyddon A, Marsden J, Paton J, Morrison SC, Cramp M, Freeman J Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

A Medication Combination for the Treatment of Central Post-Stroke Pain (CPSP) via the Adjuvant use of Prednisone with Gabapentin: A Case Report
Publication date: Available online 25 September 2015 Source:PM&R Author(s): Luis Batlle, Ryan Mattie, Robert Irwin Case Description CPSP is a neuropathic pain syndrome that can occur from pathology of the brain. The case presented is of a female with multiple comorbidities and who was found to have an acute infarct in the left middle and anterior cerebral artery territories. She began to complain of worsening diffuse right upper and lower extremity pain, and central post-stroke pain was diagnosed. First-line agents were contraindicated due to medical comorbidities, and chronic kidney disease only permitted the...
Source: PMandR - September 26, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Constraint-induced movement therapy for upper extremities in people with stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: CIMT is a multi-faceted intervention where restriction of the less affected limb is accompanied by increased exercise tailored to the person's capacity. We found that CIMT was associated with limited improvements in motor impairment and motor function, but that these benefits did not convincingly reduce disability. This differs from the result of our previous meta-analysis where there was a suggestion that CIMT might be superior to traditional rehabilitation. Information about the long-term effects of CIMT is scarce. Further trials studying the relationship between participant characteristics and improved outc...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - October 8, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Corbetta D, Sirtori V, Castellini G, Moja L, Gatti R Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

Machine Learning For Identifying Potentially Undiagnosed Post-Stroke Spasticity Patients In United Kingdom
Spasticity is one of the well-recognized complications of stroke which may give rise to pain and limit patients’ ability to perform daily activities. The predisposing factors and direct effects of post-stroke spasticity (PSS) also involve high management costs in terms of healthcare resources and case-control designs are required for establishing such differences. In ‘The Health Improvement Network’ (THIN) database, such a study was difficult to provide reliable estimates since the prevalence of post-stroke spasticity was found to be substantially below the most conservative previously reported estimates.
Source: Value in Health - October 23, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Authors: A Cox, M Raluy-Callado, M Wang, A Bakheit, AP Moor, J Dinet Source Type: research

Updating contextualized clinical practice guidelines on stroke rehabilitation and low back pain management using a novel assessment framework that standardizes decisions
Conclusions: The updating tool provides a simple, standard and novel approach that incorporates evidence hierarchy and quality, and wordings of recommendations. It could be used efficiently by other guideline updaters particularly in developing countries, where resources for guideline development and updates are limited. When many people are involved in guideline writing, there is always the possibility of ‘slippage’ in use of wording and interpretation of evidence. The PARM updating tool provides a mechanism for maintaining a standard process for guideline updating processes that can be followed by clinicians with bas...
Source: BMC Research Notes - November 4, 2015 Category: Research Authors: Ephraim GambitoConsuelo Gonzalez-SuarezKaren GrimmerCarolina ValdecañasJanine DizonMa. BeredoMarcelle Zamora Source Type: research

Predictive analysis for identifying potentially undiagnosed post-stroke spasticity patients in United Kingdom
Conclusions Using machine learning techniques, additional unrecorded post-stroke spasticity patients were identified, increasing the condition’s prevalence in THIN from 2% to 13%. This work shows the potential for under-reporting of PSS in primary care data, and provides a method for improved identification of cases and control records for future studies. Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Biomedical Informatics - February 29, 2016 Category: Information Technology Source Type: research

OnabotulinumtoxinA Improves Pain in Patients with Post-Stroke Spasticity: Findings from a Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial
Patients with post-stroke spasticity (PSS) commonly experience pain in affected limbs, which may impact quality of life.
Source: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management - March 28, 2016 Category: Palliative Care Authors: Jörg Wissel, Vaidyanathan Ganapathy, Anthony B. Ward, Jörgen Borg, Per Ertzgaard, Christoph Herrmann, Anders Haggstrom, Mohamed Sakel, Julia Ma, Rozalina Dimitrova, Antony Fulford-Smith, Patrick Gillard Source Type: research

Palliative Care is Underutilized in Ischemic Stroke Patients with Poor Functional Outcome (P6.089)
Conclusions:Our observations suggest that PC may be underutilized in ischemic stroke patients, particularly in those who may benefit from it the most. PC has great potential to diminish suffering through physical and psychological symptom management. Providers should at least consider PC consults for hospitalized stroke patients.Disclosure: Dr. Gropen has nothing to disclose. Dr. Sisson has nothing to disclose. Dr. Albright has nothing to disclose. Dr. Lakkur has nothing to disclose. Dr. Bakitas has nothing to disclose. Dr. Sands has received research support from Biogen. Dr. Kaur has nothing to disclose. Dr. Lyerly has no...
Source: Neurology - April 3, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Gropen, T., Sisson, A., Albright, K., Lakkur, S., Bakitas, M., Sands, K., Kaur, M., Lyerly, M., Burgio, K. Tags: Pain and Palliative Care: Patient Safety and Quality Source Type: research

From preoperative evaluation to stroke center: Management of postoperative acute ischemic stroke
This article reviews the perioperative management (covering diagnosis and treatment), prevention (covering surgery postponement, management with anticoagulant/antiplatelet and the growing interest in statins and beta-blockers) and intraoperative recommendations (covering anaesthetic techniques, ventilation strategies, transfusion and blood pressure management) specifically for the general surgical population. A summary of current treatments is enlightened by recently described evidence for the effectiveness of mechanical thrombectomy.
Source: Anaesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine - May 31, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research

Musculoskeletal and central pain at 1 year post‐stroke: associated factors and impact on quality of life
ConclusionsPain is common 12 months post‐stroke. The factors associated with CPSP and MSP differ, but are both closely associated with fatigue rather than depression. QOL is the poorest in patients with combined pain. Management of pain and fatigue may be important for improving the QOL in stroke patients.
Source: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica - June 6, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: S. Choi‐Kwon, S. H. Choi, M. Suh, S. Choi, K.‐H. Cho, H.‐W. Nah, H. Song, J. S. Kim Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Demystifying post-stroke pain: from etiology to treatment
Pain following stroke is commonly reported but often incompletely managed, which prevents optimal recovery. This is in part due to the esoteric nature of post-stroke pain and its limited presence in current discussions of stroke management. The major specific afflictions that affect patients with stroke who develop pain include central post-stroke pain (CPSP), complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), and pain associated with spasticity and shoulder subluxation. Each disorder carries its own intricacies that require specific approaches to treatment and understanding.
Source: PM and R - June 14, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Andrew K. Treister, Maya N. Hatch, Steven C. Cramer, Eric Y. Chang Source Type: research

Musculoskeletal and central pain at 1  year post‐stroke: associated factors and impact on quality of life
ConclusionsPain is common 12 months post‐stroke. The factors associated with CPSP and MSP differ, but are both closely associated with fatigue rather than depression. QOL is the poorest in patients with combined pain. Management of pain and fatigue may be important for improving the QOL in stroke patients.
Source: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica - June 5, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: S. Choi ‐Kwon, S. H. Choi, M. Suh, S. Choi, K.‐H. Cho, H.‐W. Nah, H. Song, J. S. Kim Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

OnabotulinumtoxinA Improves Pain in Patients With Post-Stroke Spasticity: Findings From a Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial
Patients with post-stroke spasticity (PSS) commonly experience pain in affected limbs, which may impact quality of life.
Source: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management - March 28, 2016 Category: Palliative Care Authors: J örg Wissel, Vaidyanathan Ganapathy, Anthony B. Ward, Jörgen Borg, Per Ertzgaard, Christoph Herrmann, Anders Haggstrom, Mohamed Sakel, Julia Ma, Rozalina Dimitrova, Antony Fulford-Smith, Patrick Gillard Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Short-term effect of local muscle vibration treatment versus sham therapy on upper limb in chronic post-stroke patients: a randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSION: Rehabilitation treatment with local muscle high frequency (300 Hz) vibration for 30 minutes, 3 times a week for 4 weeks, could significantly improve muscle strength and decrease muscle tonus, disability and pain in upper limb of hemiplegic post-stroke patients. CLINICAL REHABILITATION IMPACT: Local muscle vibration treatment might be an additional and safe tool in the management of chronic post-stroke patients, granted its high therapeutic efficiency, limited cost and short and repeatable protocol of use. PMID: 27598342 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - September 5, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Costantino C, Galuppo L, Romiti D Tags: Eur J Phys Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Hemiplegic Shoulder Pain Reduces Quality of Life After Acute Stroke: A Prospective Population-Based Study
Conclusion: Hemiplegic shoulder pain reduces health-related quality of life at 12 months. More effort should be directed towards screening and management of this frequent complication of stroke.
Source: American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - September 20, 2016 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Original Research Articles Source Type: research

Usefulness and effectiveness of herbal medicines in stroke: Narrative review
ABSTRACT Stroke causes various disabilities, reducing the quality of life and motivation for life. It is also one of the major causes of death in the aging population. Therefore, prevention and treatment are crucial. In conventional medicine, thrombolysis and various surgical techniques have been developed and used to treat stroke, but, despite the advancements and benefits, many patients still experience various disabilities. In East Asian countries, herbal prescriptions have been widely used for the treatment and prevention of stroke. Recently, the efficacy of herbal complexes as an adjunct to conventional treatment has ...
Source: Traditional and Kampo Medicine - September 30, 2016 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Ki ‐Ho Cho, Seungwon Kwon Tags: REVIEW Source Type: research

Randomized clinical trial of deep brain stimulation for post ‐stroke pain
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Annals of Neurology - April 5, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Scott F. Lempka, Donald A. Malone, Bo Hu, Kenneth B. Baker, Alexandria Wyant, John Ozinga, Ela B. Plow, Mayur Pandya, Cynthia S. Kubu, Paul J. Ford, Andre G. Machado Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Thalamic stroke resulting in rheumatoid appearances in the hand
The patient, a 72-year-old woman, presented with joint deformities for 3 years. She did not notice any joint pain or swelling, but the fingers of the left hand as well as the toes of the left foot gradually became deformed, with all the joints on the right side totally spared. The fingers of the left hand exhibited a swan-neck deformity, and the left thumb demonstrated a thumb-in-palm deformity (Fig. 1A). In her past medical history, she experienced a right thalamic infarct 4 years ago, 1 year before the occurrence of joint deformity (Fig. 1B). She denied any paraesthesia or obvious weakness of the left extremities. The la...
Source: Rheumatology - December 21, 2016 Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research

Effects of an intensive thalassotherapy and aquatic therapy program in stroke patients. A pilot study.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that an intensive program of thalassotherapy and aquatic therapy could be useful during stroke rehabilitation to improve balance, gait and pain. PMID: 28895998 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista de Neurologia - September 13, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Morer C, Boestad C, Zuluaga P, Alvarez-Badillo A, Maraver F Tags: Rev Neurol Source Type: research

BYMTOX: An observational study to consider the association of botulinum toxin and self-management program by serious game for post-stroke patients at the chronic phase
Discussion – conclusion Despite encouraging outcomes, high rate of withdrawal makes us wonder about program's relevance, regarding intensity and patients’ profile. Concerning patients who left the program, initial mobility was 47% lower than for those who finished the study. As 4 patients in booklet group and 6 in serious game group have finished and regarding results, it may do not question the interest of this new medium. Obviously, further studies must be conduct.
Source: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - September 27, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Deep brain stimulation for stroke: Current uses and future directions
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2017 Source:Brain Stimulation Author(s): Gavin J.B. Elias, Andrew A. Namasivayam, Andres M. Lozano Background Survivors of stroke often experience significant disability and impaired quality of life related to ongoing maladaptive responses and persistent neurologic deficits. Novel therapeutic options are urgently needed to augment current approaches. One way to promote recovery and ameliorate symptoms may be to electrically stimulate the surviving brain. Various forms of brain stimulation have been investigated for use in stroke, including deep brain stimulation (DBS). Objecti...
Source: Brain Stimulation - October 13, 2017 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Upper-limb sensory impairments after stroke: Self-reported experiences of daily life and rehabilitation.
CONCLUSION: Stroke survivors perceive that sensory impairment of the upper limb has a highly negative impact on daily life, but specific rehabilitation for the upper limb is lacking. These findings imply that the clinical management of upper limb sensory impairment after stroke requires more attention. PMID: 29068038 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - October 29, 2017 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Is higher patient satisfaction associated with better stroke outcomes?
CONCLUSIONS: Global patient satisfaction was positively associated with the quality of stroke care; however, improvements in patient satisfaction were linked to higher stroke care costs. In addition, patient satisfaction with discharge information was linked to worse outcomes. As a result, patient satisfaction should be used with caution as a quality indicator for stroke care. PMID: 29087636 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Managed Care - October 1, 2017 Category: Health Management Authors: Xiang X, Xu WY, Foraker RE Tags: Am J Manag Care Source Type: research

Changes in the Use of Intensive and Supportive Procedures for Patients with Stroke in Taiwan in the Last Month of Life between 2000 and 2010
Stroke is the second leading cause of death and the primary cause of disability worldwide. It is uncertain what care patients with stroke receive in their end of life care and what trends in care are in recent years.
Source: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management - November 27, 2017 Category: Palliative Care Authors: Pei-Yi Wang, Yen-Ni Hung, Robert Smith, Chia-Chin Lin Source Type: research

Palliative Care and Stroke: An Integrative Review of the Literature (S740)
Stroke survivors and their family members face unique needs related to life-altering functional and cognitive changes and burdensome symptoms, which negatively impact quality of life (QOL). Guidelines recommend that primary palliative care (PC) be offered to all stroke patients; however, gaps exist in understanding how PC is perceived and implemented within stroke.
Source: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management - February 1, 2018 Category: Palliative Care Authors: Kristen Overbaugh, Stephanie Molidor, Carole White, Deborah James Source Type: research

Successful deep brain stimulation for central post-stroke pain and dystonia in a single operation
Conclusions Deep brain stimulation targeting multiple brain networks in one operation is feasible and safe. Deep brain stimulation may be considered in some refractory cases of central post-stroke pain; however, it requires meticulous programming.
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - March 16, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Cerebral Hyperperfusion Syndrome After Carotid Revascularization and Acute Ischemic Stroke
AbstractPurpose of ReviewCerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS) is a rare but significant complication after carotid revascularization and is increasingly recognized after acute stroke treatments. In this review, we discuss the epidemiology and pathophysiology of CHS, clinical presentation including ipsilateral headache, seizures, and focal neurological deficits, and radiographic presentation. We propose preventive therapies with emphasis on acute stroke post-thrombectomy hyperperfusion.Recent FindingsCHS was first described after carotid revascularization but is now also reported in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Pr...
Source: Current Pain and Headache Reports - March 19, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Passive accessory joint mobilization in the multimodal management of chronic dysesthesia following thalamic stroke.
CONCLUSION: Manual therapy may be a beneficial intervention in management of thalamic stroke-related dysesthesia. Implications for Rehabilitation While pain is common following thalamic stroke, patients may present with chronic paresthesia or dysesthesia, often in a hemisensory distribution. Passive movement may promote inhibition of hyperexcitable cortical pathways, which may diminish aberrant sensations. Passive oscillatory manual therapy may be an effective way to treat sensory disturbances such as paresthesias or dysesthesia. PMID: 29557687 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - March 20, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Griffin K, O'Hearn M, Franck CC, Courtney CA Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Modafinil for the Improvement of Patient Outcomes Following Traumatic Brain Injury
Conclusion. Modafinil is a central nervous system stimulant with well-established effectiveness in the treatment of narcolepsy and shift-work sleep disorder. There is conflicting evidence about the benefits of modafinil in the treatment of fatigue and EDS secondary to TBI. One randomized, controlled study states that modafinil does not significantly improve patient wakefulness, while another concludes that modafinil corrects EDS but not fatigue. An observational study provides evidence that modafinil increases alertness in fatigued patients with past medical history of brainstem diencephalic stroke or multiple sclerosis. ...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - April 1, 2018 Category: Neuroscience Authors: ICNS Online Editor Tags: Current Issue Review excessive daytime sleep fatigue head injury modafinil stroke TBI traumatic brain injury Source Type: research

Establishing Goals of Care for Patients with Stroke and Feeding Problems: An Interdisciplinary Trigger-Based Continuous Quality Improvement Project
Few patients with dysphagia due to stroke receive early palliative care to align treatment goals with their values, as called for by practice guidelines, particularly before enteral access procedures for artificial nutrition.
Source: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management - June 25, 2018 Category: Palliative Care Authors: Franchesca Hwang, Christine Boardingham, Susanne Walther, Molly Jacob, Andrea Hidalgo, Chirag D. Gandhi, Anne C. Mosenthal, Sangeeta Lamba, Ana Berlin Source Type: research

Post-stroke Spasticity: A Review of Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, and Treatments
Publication date: Available online 19 June 2018 Source:International Journal of Gerontology Author(s): Chih-Lin Kuo, Gwo-Chi Hu Spasticity is a common condition in stroke survivors, and may be associated with pain and joint contracture, leading to poor quality of life and increased caregiver burden. Although the underlying mechanisms are not well-understood, it may be due to disruption of the balance of supra-spinal inhibitory and excitatory sensory inputs directed to the spinal cord, leading to a state of disinhibition of the stretch reflex. The treatment options include physical therapy, modality and pharmacological tre...
Source: International Journal of Gerontology - June 28, 2018 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research