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Total 6 results found since Jan 2013.
Management of Sickle Cell Disease: Recommendations from the 2014 Expert Panel Report.
Abstract Family physicians are the primary and sometimes only health care resource for families affected by sickle cell disease. Recently published guidelines provide important recommendations for health maintenance, acute care, and monitoring of disease-modifying therapy in persons with this condition. This overview highlights some of the most important clinical activities that can and should be carried out in the community care setting. Children with sickle cell anemia should receive prophylactic penicillin from birth through at least five years of age, and all persons with sickle cell disease require vaccinatio...
Source: American Family Physician - December 15, 2015 Category: Primary Care Authors: Yawn BP, John-Sowah J Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research
Transfusion therapy for sickle cell disease
The clinical presentations of sickle cell disease include acute pain, acute chest syndrome, stroke and acute anaemia and blood transfusion therapy can be used effectively in the emergency setting for the treatment of many of these complications. Long‐term blood transfusion therapy is also used for the prevention of disease complications with most evidence for its use in primary stroke prevention. Transfusion can be given as a simple or top‐up transfusion or as an exchange transfusion and donor red cells should be haemoglobin S negative and as a minimum matched for ABO, full Rh and Kell type. Repeated transfusions lead ...
Source: ISBT Science Series - January 29, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: J. Howard, S. E. Robinson Tags: Invited Review Source Type: research
Simple chronic transfusion therapy, a crucial therapeutic option for sickle cell disease, improves but does not normalize blood rheology: What should be our goals for transfusion therapy?
Abstract Sickle cell anemia is characterized by a mutation resulting in the formation of an abnormal beta-hemoglobin called hemoglobin S. Hemoglobin S polymerizes upon deoxygenation, causing impaired red blood cell deformability and increased blood viscosity at equivalent hematocrits. Thus, sickle cell disease is a hemorheologic disease that results in various pathologic processes involving multiple organ systems including the lungs, heart, kidneys and brain. Red blood cell mechanics and the perturbations on blood flow-endothelial interaction underlie much of the pathology found in sickle cell disease. Transfusion...
Source: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation - April 5, 2018 Category: Hematology Authors: Detterich JA Tags: Clin Hemorheol Microcirc Source Type: research
Transfusion Therapy in a Multi-Ethnic Sickle Cell Population Real-World Practice. a Preliminary Data Analysis of Multicentre Survey
Conclusion. The transfusional approach is similar in HbSS, b°-thal/HbS and b+-thal/HbS patients with similar indications, prevalently VOCs and anemia. The significant higher age in Caucasian cohort and the consequent long term follow up could be the cause of variable therapeutic approach observed, however Hydroxycarbamide seemed to be the therapy more frequently used and finally suggested to manage chronic manifestations.Figure.DisclosuresOriga: Apopharma: Honoraria; Novartis: Honoraria; Bluebird Bio: Consultancy; Cerus Corporation: Research Funding. Forni: Apopharma: Other: DSM Board; Celgene: Research Funding; Novart...
Source: Blood - November 21, 2018 Category: Hematology Authors: Graziadei, G., Sainati, L., Bonomo, P., Venturelli, D., Masera, N., Casale, M., Vassanelli, A., Lodi, G., Piel, F. B., Voi, V., De Franceschi, L., Rigano, P., Quota, A., Notarangelo, L. D., Russo, G., Rosso, R., Allo, M., D'Ascola, D., Facchini, E., Macch Tags: 114. Hemoglobinopathies, Excluding Thalassemia-Clinical: Poster II Source Type: research
Sickle Cell Disease Subjects Have a Distinct Abnormal Autonomic Phenotype Characterized by Peripheral Vasoconstriction With Blunted Cardiac Response to Head-Up Tilt
Conclusion We have shown that SCD subjects are much more likely than non-SCD subjects to have impaired cardiac, but intact peripheral responses to orthostatic stress induced by HUT. These abnormal responses are associated with low baseline cardiac parasympathetic activity, independent of hemoglobin level. The classification of autonomic phenotypes based on HUT response may have potential use for predicting disease severity, guiding and targeting treatments/interventions to alleviate the risk of adverse outcomes in SCD. Ethics Statement All experiments were conducted at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles (CHLA). The ...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - April 10, 2019 Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Blood Transfusion Frequency and Indications in Yemeni Children with Sickle Cell Disease.
Conclusion: Intermittent blood transfusion remains a common practice for the management of children with acute SCD complications. Main indications were acute anemic crises, severe pain crises, ACS, and stroke. In limited resource settings, such as Yemen, conservative transfusion policy appears to be appropriate. PMID: 32908695 [PubMed]
Source: Anemia - September 13, 2020 Category: Hematology Tags: Anemia Source Type: research