Query: stroke

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Total 3453 results found since Jan 2013.

Prolonged migraine aura resembling ischemic stroke following CoronaVac vaccination: an extended case series
We report 8 patients with focal neurological symptoms after receiving inactivated virus vaccine, CoronaVac.Case seriesPatients were aged 24 –48 years and 75% were female. Acute onset of focal neurological symptoms occurred within the first 24 h after vaccination in 75% and between 1-7d in 25%. All presented with lateralized sensory deficits, motor deficits, or both, of 2–14 day duration. Migraine headache occurred in half of t he patients. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain during and after the attacks did not demonstrate any abnormalities suggesting ischemic stroke. All patients showed moderately large regi...
Source: The Journal of Headache and Pain - January 21, 2022 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Diagnostic criteria for acute headache attributed to ischemic stroke and for sentinel headache before ischemic stroke
ConclusionsWe suggest alternative diagnostic criteria for acute headache attributed to ischemic stroke and new diagnostic criteria for sentinel headache with high sensitivity and specificity.
Source: The Journal of Headache and Pain - January 20, 2022 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Prevalence of Complications Associated with Diabetes among Pakistani Patients: A Questionnaire-Based Survey
CONCLUSION: All age groups showed diabetes-associated complications and different abnormal body conditions. However, the age groups ranging from thirty to eighty years showed more complications. The most prevalent complications reported were retinopathy, nephropathy, diabetic wounds on the foot, slow wound healing, seizures, hypertension, neuropathy, skin infections, cardiovascular disorders, liver damage and stroke in both types of diabetic patients. Our survey may aid in pointing out the most prevalent diabetic complications prevailing in our population so that effective treatment options could be developed to reduce the...
Source: Current Diabetes Reviews - January 19, 2022 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Sana Eijaz Sarah Lalpuria Mahrukh Afzal Ariba Yasmeen Sadia Saleem Asma Begum Source Type: research

Importance of core stability for coordinated movement of the human body in stroke rehabilitation
DISCUSSION: Muscle tensions were generally lower in post-stroke patients compared to those with lower back pain syndrome but active abdominal tension muscles caused the increase of core stability and alter the trunk movement path, and improves gait and range of movement. Core stability training during stroke rehabilitation may help patients to achieve a higher level of coordinated movement.PMID:35040753 | DOI:10.1080/01616412.2021.1950952
Source: Neurological Research - January 18, 2022 Category: Neurology Authors: Anna Olczak Source Type: research

Prevalence and correlates of major depressive disorder among a national sample of middle-aged and older adults in India
Conclusion: Almost one in ten middle-aged and older adults in India had MDD and several associated factors were identified.PMID:35037808 | DOI:10.1080/13607863.2021.2024796
Source: Aging and Mental Health - January 17, 2022 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Supa Pengpid Karl Peltzer Source Type: research

Reasons for acute referrals to hospital from general practitioners and out-of-hours doctors in Norway: a registry-based observational study
CONCLUSIONS: The reasons for acute referral to somatic hospitals from GPs and OOH doctors comprise a wide range of reasons, and the referral rates vary according to the severity of the condition and the different nature between GP and OOH services. Referral rates for OOH contacts were much higher than for GP contacts. Patient age, gender and referring service influence the relationship between referral and discharge diagnosis.PMID:35033069 | DOI:10.1186/s12913-021-07444-7
Source: Pain Physician - January 16, 2022 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Jesper Blinkenberg Øystein Hetlevik Hogne Sandvik Valborg Baste Steinar Hunskaar Source Type: research

Classical prescription Dachuanxiong Formula delays nitroglycerin-induced pain response in migraine mice through reducing endothelin-1 level and regulating fatty acid biosynthesis
CONCLUSIONS: The present study revealed the anti-migraine effect of DCXF in migraine mice and provided insights into the mechanisms of DCXF-mediating anti-migraine treatment.PMID:35032586 | DOI:10.1016/j.jep.2022.114992
Source: Atherosclerosis - January 15, 2022 Category: Cardiology Authors: Chi Teng Vong Yulong Chen Zhejie Chen Caifang Gao Fengqing Yang Shengpeng Wang Yitao Wang Source Type: research

Transitory ischemic attack associated with a rare fenestration of the cervical segment of the internal carotid artery: a case report
ConclusionsOur findings support the interpretation of a fenestration of the cervical segment of the internal carotid artery as a developmental vascular variant, but also suggest a substantial risk for dissection and ischemic stroke. Even in case of an accidental finding, clinicians should be aware of this. At least in this case, antiplatelet therapy seemed beneficial.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - January 15, 2022 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Why You Shouldn ’t Exercise to Lose Weight
Many of us are lacing up our sneakers and starting (or restarting) exercise regimens in hopes of shedding unwanted pounds. Unquestionably, aiming to be more active is a good thing. But if the main reason is to lose weight, your New Year’s resolution could very well backfire. For starters, exercise—at least the kind most of us do—is typically ineffective for weight loss. Take walking, for example. A 150-pound person who walks briskly for 30 minutes will burn, on average, around 140 calories. That’s equal to one can of soda—not exactly a great return on your investment of time and effort. It&rsq...
Source: TIME: Health - January 12, 2022 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Robert J. Davis Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Painkillers: The ‘popular’ painkiller that may 'triple' the risk of stroke - BMJ study
PAINKILLERS are over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drugs used for ailments ranging from period pain to toothache. But dosage is key to ensuring safe intake of the drug, with research warning that higher doses of one painkiller may triple the risk of stroke.
Source: Daily Express - Health - January 10, 2022 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

A process evaluation of patient care needs using the Post- Stroke Checklist: a prospective study
CONCLUSION: The mPSC is feasible to implement in an inpatient rehabilitation setting and community. It can identify relevant stroke-related problems, and hence facilitate targeted intervention.PMID:35001136 | DOI:10.2340/jrm.v53.349
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - January 10, 2022 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Bhasker Amatya Alaeldin Elmalik Su Yi Lee Krystal Song Mary Galea Fary Khan Source Type: research

Atypical presentation of fistula dysfunction due to brachial arterial embolization mimicking stroke
In this report, failure to recognize the upper limb ischemia would have led to delayed treatment, potentially resulting in the fistula's complete thrombosis and further limb ischemia. We highlight the importance of a diagnosis method like Doppler ultrasound, which allows for rapid evaluation at the patient's bedside.PMID:35000475 | DOI:10.1177/11297298211067686
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - January 10, 2022 Category: Surgery Authors: Rita Vicente Laura Rodriguez Joaquim Vallesp ín Carolina Rubiella Jose Ibeas Source Type: research

A process evaluation of patient care needs using the Post- Stroke Checklist: a prospective study
CONCLUSION: The mPSC is feasible to implement in an inpatient rehabilitation setting and community. It can identify relevant stroke-related problems, and hence facilitate targeted intervention.PMID:35001136 | DOI:10.2340/jrm.v53.349
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - January 10, 2022 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Bhasker Amatya Alaeldin Elmalik Su Yi Lee Krystal Song Mary Galea Fary Khan Source Type: research

Atypical presentation of fistula dysfunction due to brachial arterial embolization mimicking stroke
In this report, failure to recognize the upper limb ischemia would have led to delayed treatment, potentially resulting in the fistula's complete thrombosis and further limb ischemia. We highlight the importance of a diagnosis method like Doppler ultrasound, which allows for rapid evaluation at the patient's bedside.PMID:35000475 | DOI:10.1177/11297298211067686
Source: The Journal of Vascular Access - January 10, 2022 Category: Surgery Authors: Rita Vicente Laura Rodriguez Joaquim Vallesp ín Carolina Rubiella Jose Ibeas Source Type: research

Update on the pathophysiology and medical treatment of peripheral artery disease
Nat Rev Cardiol. 2022 Jan 7. doi: 10.1038/s41569-021-00663-9. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTApproximately 6% of adults worldwide have atherosclerosis and thrombosis of the lower limb arteries (peripheral artery disease (PAD)) and the prevalence is rising. PAD causes leg pain, impaired health-related quality of life, immobility, tissue loss and a high risk of major adverse events, including myocardial infarction, stroke, revascularization, amputation and death. In this Review, I describe the pathophysiology, presentation, outcome, preclinical research and medical management of PAD. Established treatments for PAD include ant...
Source: Atherosclerosis - January 8, 2022 Category: Cardiology Authors: Jonathan Golledge Source Type: research

MED1/BDNF/TrkB pathway is involved in thalamic hemorrhage-induced pain and depression by regulating microglia
Neurobiol Dis. 2022 Jan 4:105611. doi: 10.1016/j.nbd.2022.105611. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTCentral post-stroke pain (CPSP) and associated depression remain poorly understood and pharmacological treatments are unsatisfactory. Recently, microglia activation was suggested to be involved in CPSP pathophysiology. The goal of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a co-ultramicronized combination of N-palmitoylethanolamide and luteolin (PEALut) in a mouse model of thalamic hemorrhage (TH)-induced CPSP. TH was established through the collagenase-IV injection in thalamic ventral-posterolateral-nucleus. PEALut effe...
Source: Neurobiology of Disease - January 7, 2022 Category: Neurology Authors: Rosmara Infantino Concetta Schiano Livio Luongo Salvatore Paino Gelsomina Mansueto Serena Boccella Francesca Guida Flavia Ricciardi Monica Iannotta Carmela Belardo Ida Marabese Gorizio Pieretti Nicola Serra Claudio Napoli Sabatino Maione Source Type: research

Rehabilitation of somatic sensation and related deficit of motor control by Mirror Box Therapy: a case report
Neurocase. 2022 Jan 4:1-6. doi: 10.1080/13554794.2021.2023193. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTSomatosensory disorders are often present after cerebral stroke. These deficits are associated with patients' disability. Therefore, their rehabilitation takes an importance in recovery program. However, the treatment of sensation remains poorly considered during neurorehabilitation and evidence for active sensory training is limited. Mirror Box Therapy is a simple training used to treat upper extremity motor deficits and pain also in patients with stroke. However, the effects of Mirror Box Therapy on somatosensory impairments in p...
Source: Neurocase - January 5, 2022 Category: Neurology Authors: Valentina Varalta Daniele Munari Cristina Fonte Elisa Evangelista Alessandro Picelli Nicola Smania Source Type: research

Did the role of the neurologist in the emergency department change during the COVID-19 pandemic? Evidence from an Italian nationwide survey
CONCLUSION: This study showed the significant role played by neurologists in emergency activities, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic, and highlighted the differences in patients admitted between the year of the epidemic and the year previous.PMID:34981283 | PMC:PMC8723809 | DOI:10.1007/s10072-021-05779-x
Source: Pain Physician - January 4, 2022 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Giuseppe Micieli Anna Cavallini Pietro Cortelli Federico Rea Italian NEUday group Source Type: research

Palliative and End-of-Life Care After Severe Stroke
This study sought to determine the prevalence, predictors, and outcomes associated with PCC for patients hospitalized with severe ischemic stroke.
Source: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management - January 4, 2022 Category: Palliative Care Authors: Amber R. Comer, Linda S. Williams, Stephanie Bartlett, Lynn D'Cruz, Katlyn Endris, McKenzie Marchand, Isabel Zepeda, Sumeet Toor, Carly Waite, Areeba Jawed, Robert Holloway, Claire J. Creutzfeldt, James E. Slaven, Alexia M. Torke Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Utility of S100A12 as an Early Biomarker in Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction
Conclusions and Relevance: S100A12 rapidly identified patients with STEMI, more accurately than other cardiac biomarkers, especially within the first 2 h after symptom onset. The peak plasma S100A12 level was a strong predictor of 1-year prognosis after STEMI.PMID:34977174 | PMC:PMC8718434 | DOI:10.3389/fcvm.2021.747511
Source: Atherosclerosis - January 3, 2022 Category: Cardiology Authors: Xiaolin Zhang Minghui Cheng Naijing Gao Yi Li Chenghui Yan Xiaoxiang Tian Dan Liu Miaohan Qiu Xiaozeng Wang Bo Luan Jie Deng Shouli Wang Hongyan Tian Geng Wang Xinliang Ma Gregg W Stone Yaling Han Source Type: research

Describing Nonfatal Intimate Partner Strangulation Presentation and Evaluation in a Community-Based Hospital: Partnerships Between the Emergency Department and In-House Advocates
Conclusions: Survivors of NF-IPS may present to community-based hospitals, and existing imaging guidelines can support clinicians in identifying serious internal injury such as carotid artery dissection and stroke. Further research is needed to better discern symptoms previously attributed to psychological trauma from poststrangulation brain injury. This study contributes to the growing literature on NF-IPS with data specific to community-based ED visits.
Source: The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation - January 1, 2022 Category: Neurology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Tube feeding in patients with dementia is associated with a longer palliative care unit stay
CONCLUSION: The present study showed that, in patients with an established diagnosis of dementia, TF is common and independently associated with a longer length of PCU stay. Nevertheless, the study was underpowered and the results deserve confirmation in larger studies.PMID:34971282 | DOI:10.1002/alz.052919
Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association - December 31, 2021 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hilal Zengin Ilker Tasci Source Type: research

Basis for diurnal exacerbation of neuropathic pain hypersensitivity and its application for drug development
J Biochem. 2021 Dec 30:mvab143. doi: 10.1093/jb/mvab143. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIn addition to diurnal rhythms in physiology and behavior, a variety of pathological conditions also exhibit marked day-night changes in symptom intensity, exemplified by allergic rhinitis, arthritis, asthma, myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, stroke, and chronic pain disorders. Currently, novel therapeutic approaches are facilitated by the development of chemical compounds targeted to key proteins that cause diurnal exacerbation of pathological events. Neuropathic pain is a chronic condition that occurs by tumor-induced ne...
Source: Herpes - December 30, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Satoru Koyanagi Naoki Kusunose Sai Yasukochi Shigehiro Ohdo Source Type: research

Unmet Needs for Rehabilitative Management in Common Health-Related Problems Negatively Impact the Quality of Life of Community-Dwelling Stroke Survivors
Conclusions: Unmet rehabilitative needs are prevalent among community-dwelling stroke survivors, and the proportion of unmet needs was high among non-physical domains such as anxiety/depression. The number of unmet needs is an independent negative predictor of HRQoL. Systematic approaches to identify unmet needs and provide appropriate rehabilitative management are required in long-term stroke survivors.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - December 23, 2021 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Transcranial direct electrical stimulation for hand function in a stroke patient with severe upper limb paralysis due to lenticulostriate artery occlusion: a case report
ConclusionsUpper limb functional training and transcranial direct current stimulation improved the function and frequency of use of the paralyzed hand in a stroke patient with severe upper limb paralysis, suggesting that this combined intervention could effectively improve hand function in patients with severe upper limb paralysis.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - December 13, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Risk factors for post-stroke shoulder pain: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Purpose: To identify the risk factors identified within one month post-stroke that predict the onset of post-stroke shoulder pain (PSSP) within the first year after stroke.
Source: Physiotherapy - November 22, 2021 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: R. Holmes, K. McManus, C. Koulouglioti, B. Hale Tags: O052 Source Type: research

Stroke: A specific type of pain could mean you’re 30% ‘more likely’ to have an attack
STROKE, a condition caused by sudden obstruction of blood flow to the brain, is one of Britons' most dreaded ailments. One type of pain could indicate you are 30 percent more likely to have a deadly incident.
Source: Daily Express - Health - November 12, 2021 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Efficacy of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Acute Central Post-stroke Pain: A Case Study
In this study, we present a case of a patient with thalamic stroke with acute onset of pain and paresthesia who was responsive to rTMS. After a right thalamic stroke, a 32-year-old woman presented with drug-resistant pain and paresthesia on the left side of the body. There were no motor or sensory deficits, except for blunted thermal sensation and allodynia on light touch. Ten daily sessions were performed, where 10 Hz rTMS was applied to the hand area of the right primary motor cortex, 40 days after stroke. Before rTMS treatment (T0), immediately after treatment conclusion (T1), and 1 month after treatment (T2), three pai...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - November 11, 2021 Category: Neurology Source Type: research