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Total 28 results found since Jan 2013.
Adherence to antihypertensive therapy prior to the first presentation of stroke in hypertensive adults: population-based study
Conclusion These data suggest that poor adherence to antihypertensive therapy substantially increases near- and long-term risk of stroke among hypertensive patients.
Source: European Heart Journal - October 7, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: Herttua, K., Tabak, A. G., Martikainen, P., Vahtera, J., Kivimaki, M. Tags: Hypertension Source Type: research
Stroke and bleeding risk assessment in atrial fibrillation: when, how, and why?
The objective of this review article is to provide an overview of stroke and bleeding risk assessment in AF. There would be particular emphasis on when, how, and why to use these risk stratification schemes, with a specific focus on the CHADS2 [congestive heart failure, hypertension, age, diabetes, stroke (doubled)], CHA2DS2-VASc [congestive heart failure or left ventricular dysfunction, hypertension, age ≥75 (doubled), diabetes, stroke (doubled)-vascular disease, age 65–74 and sex category (female)], and HAS-BLED [hypertension (i.e. uncontrolled blood pressure), abnormal renal/liver function, stroke, bleeding his...
Source: European Heart Journal - April 7, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: Lip, G. Y. H. Tags: REVIEWS Source Type: research
Choosing a particular oral anticoagulant and dose for stroke prevention in individual patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation: part 2
<span class="paragraphSection">The choice of oral anticoagulant (OAC) for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) may be influenced by individual clinical features or by patterns of risk factors and comorbidities. We reviewed analyses of subgroups of patients from trials of vitamin K antagonists vs. non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants (NOACs) for stroke prevention in AF with the aim to identify patient groups who might benefit from a particular OAC more than from another. In addition, we discuss the timing of initiation of anticoagulation. In the second of a two-part review, we discuss the use of NOAC for stroke prevent...
Source: European Heart Journal - February 4, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Blood pressure and in-hospital outcomes in patients presenting with ischaemic stroke
ConclusionIn patients hospitalized with ischaemic stroke, J-shaped, or U-shaped relationships were observed between BP variables and short-term outcomes. However, haemorrhagic complications with thrombolytic therapy were lower with lower BP.
Source: European Heart Journal - June 30, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Duration of device-detected subclinical atrial fibrillation and occurrence of stroke in ASSERT
Conclusions</div>SCAF>24 h is associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke or systemic embolism.</span>
Source: European Heart Journal - March 1, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Cardiovascular outcomes at different on-treatment blood pressures in the hypertensive patients of the VALUE trial
Conclusions In the high CV risk, hypertensives of the VALUE trial reducing BP consistently to <140/90 mmHg had marked beneficial effects both when data were calculated as proportion of visits at BP target or as on-treatment mean BP. Reducing BP to <130/80 mmHg led only to some possible further benefit on stroke, whereas the risk of other outcomes remained substantially similar to or slightly greater than that seen at the higher target. Thus, aggressive BP reductions when CV risk is high may not offer substantial advantages, except perhaps in patients or conditions in which stroke risk is particularly common.
Source: European Heart Journal - March 21, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Mancia, G., Kjeldsen, S. E., Zappe, D. H., Holzhauer, B., Hua, T. A., Zanchetti, A., Julius, S., Weber, M. A. Tags: Hypertension Source Type: research
Road traffic noise is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and all-cause mortality in London
Conclusions Long-term exposure to road traffic noise was associated with small increased risks of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in the general population, particularly for stroke in the elderly.
Source: European Heart Journal - October 14, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Halonen, J. I., Hansell, A. L., Gulliver, J., Morley, D., Blangiardo, M., Fecht, D., Toledano, M. B., Beevers, S. D., Anderson, H. R., Kelly, F. J., Tonne, C. Tags: Prevention and epidemiology Source Type: research
Antihypertensive treatment and risk of atrial fibrillation: a nationwide study
Conclusion Use of ACEis and ARBs compared with β-blockers and diuretics associates with a reduced risk of atrial fibrillation, but not stroke, within the limitations of a retrospective study reporting associations. This suggests that controlling activation of the renin-angiotensin system in addition to controlling blood pressure is associated with a reduced risk of atrial fibrillation.
Source: European Heart Journal - May 7, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Marott, S. C. W., Nielsen, S. F., Benn, M., Nordestgaard, B. G. Tags: Hypertension Source Type: research
Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality related to orthostatic hypotension: a meta-analysis of prospective observational studies
Conclusion Orthostatic hypotension is associated with a significantly increased risk of all-cause death, incident CHD, HF, and stroke.
Source: European Heart Journal - July 1, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ricci, F., Fedorowski, A., Radico, F., Romanello, M., Tatasciore, A., Di Nicola, M., Zimarino, M., De Caterina, R. Tags: Hypertension Source Type: research
Long working hours as a risk factor for atrial fibrillation: a multi-cohort study
ConclusionIndividuals who worked long hours were more likely to develop atrial fibrillation than those working standard hours.
Source: European Heart Journal - July 13, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Resistant hypertension: a frequent and ominous finding among hypertensive patients with atherothrombosis
Conclusion The presence of resistant hypertension identifies a subgroup of patients with hypertension and atherothrombosis who are at heightened risk for adverse long-term outcomes.
Source: European Heart Journal - April 21, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: Kumbhani, D. J., Steg, P. G., Cannon, C. P., Eagle, K. A., Smith, S. C., Crowley, K., Goto, S., Ohman, E. M., Bakris, G. L., Perlstein, T. S., Kinlay, S., Bhatt, D. L., on Behalf of the REACH Registry Investigators Tags: Hypertension Source Type: research
The ORBIT bleeding score: a simple bedside score to assess bleeding risk in atrial fibrillation
Conclusions The five-element ORBIT bleeding risk score had better ability to predict major bleeding in AF patients when compared with HAS-BLED and ATRIA risk scores. The ORBIT risk score can provide a simple, easily remembered tool to support clinical decision making.
Source: European Heart Journal - December 7, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: O'Brien, E. C., Simon, D. N., Thomas, L. E., Hylek, E. M., Gersh, B. J., Ansell, J. E., Kowey, P. R., Mahaffey, K. W., Chang, P., Fonarow, G. C., Pencina, M. J., Piccini, J. P., Peterson, E. D. Tags: Atrial fibrillation Source Type: research
Genetic predisposition to smoking in relation to 14 cardiovascular diseases
ConclusionThis MR study supports a causal association between smoking and a broad range of CVDs, in particular, coronary artery disease, heart failure, abdominal aortic aneurysm, ischaemic stroke, transient ischaemic attack, peripheral arterial disease, and arterial hypertension.
Source: European Heart Journal - April 16, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Bedtime hypertension treatment improves cardiovascular risk reduction: the Hygia Chronotherapy Trial
ConclusionRoutine ingestion by hypertensive patients of ≥1 prescribed BP-lowering medications at bedtime, as opposed to upon waking, results in improved ABP control (significantly enhanced decrease in asleep BP and increased sleep-time relative BP decline, i.e. BP dipping) and, most importantly, markedly diminished occurrence of major CVD events.Trial registrationClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00741585.
Source: European Heart Journal - October 22, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Effect of antihypertensive therapy on ventricular-arterial mechanics, coupling, and efficiency
Conclusion Antihypertensive therapy reduces arterial and ventricular stiffness, enhances ventricular–arterial coupling, reduces cardiac work, and improves LV efficiency, systolic, and diastolic function. Attenuated responses in women and among obese subjects suggest that structure–function changes may be less reversible in these groups, possibly explaining their greater susceptibility to ultimately develop heart failure.
Source: European Heart Journal - March 1, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: Lam, C. S. P., Shah, A. M., Borlaug, B. A., Cheng, S., Verma, A., Izzo, J., Oparil, S., Aurigemma, G. P., Thomas, J. D., Pitt, B., Zile, M. R., Solomon, S. D. Tags: Hypertension Source Type: research