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Total 352 results found since Jan 2013.

Usefulness of N-Terminal Pro-B-Type Natriuretic Peptide Levels for Stroke Risk Prediction in Anticoagulated Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— In real-world cohort of anticoagulated patients with AF, NT-proBNP provided complementary prognostic information to an established clinical risk score (CHA2DS2–VASc) for the prediction of stroke/systemic embolism. NT-proBNP was also predictive of all-cause mortality, suggesting that this biomarker may potentially be used to refine clinical risk stratification in anticoagulated patients with AF.
Source: Stroke - February 24, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Roldan, V., Vilchez, J. A., Manzano-Fernandez, S., Jover, E., Galvez, J., Puche, C. M., Valdes, M., Vicente, V., Lip, G. Y. H., Marin, F. Tags: Arterial thrombosis, Coumarins, Anticoagulants Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Safety of Standard-dose (.9-mg/kg) Alteplase Intravenous Thrombolysis for Acute Ischemic Stroke in Afro–Caribbeans, French West Indies
Conclusions: The excess hemorrhagic risk after standard-dose alteplase infusion into older Afro–Caribbean patients warrants further study to determine the possible role of cerebral microangiopathy and should be evaluated in different black populations.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - June 23, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Nicolas Chausson, Stéphane Olindo, Julien Joux, Martine Saint-Vil, Mathieu Aveillan, Didier Smadja Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Predictors of Mortality in Patients With Lacunar Stroke in the Secondary Prevention of Small Subcortical Strokes Trial Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Unexpected interactions between assigned antiplatelet therapy and each of ischemic heart disease and normal/prehypertensive status accounted for increased mortality among patients with recent lacunar stroke given dual antiplatelet therapy. Despite extensive exploratory analyses, the mechanisms underlying these interactions are uncertain. Clinical Trial Registration— URL: http://www.SPS3ClinicalTrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00059306.
Source: Stroke - September 22, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Sharma, M., Pearce, L. A., Benavente, O. R., Anderson, D. C., Connolly, S. J., Palacio, S., Coffey, C. S., Hart, R. G. Tags: Cerebral Lacunes, Antiplatelets Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Protocol for Cilostazol Stroke Prevention Study for Antiplatelet Combination (CSPS.com): a randomized, open‐label, parallel‐group trial
DiscussionThe CSPS.com is expected to provide evidence indicating whether secondary IS prevention in high‐risk patients can be improved by using DAPT involving cilostazol.
Source: International Journal of Stroke - December 8, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Kazunori Toyoda, Shinichiro Uchiyama, Haruhiko Hoshino, Kazumi Kimura, Hideki Origasa, Hiroaki Naritomi, Kazuo Minematsu, Takenori Yamaguchi, Tags: Protocols Source Type: research

Ischemic Stroke and Intracranial Hemorrhage With Aspirin, Dabigatran, and Warfarin: Impact of Quality of Anticoagulation Control Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— In Chinese patients with atrial fibrillation, the benefits of warfarin therapy for stroke prevention and ICH risk are closely dependent on the quality of anticoagulation, as reflected by TTR. Even at the top TTR quartile, warfarin was associated with a higher stroke and ICH risk than dabigatran.
Source: Stroke - December 22, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Ho, C.-W., Ho, M.-H., Chan, P.-H., Hai, J.-J., Cheung, E., Yeung, C.-Y., Lau, K.-K., Chan, K.-H., Lau, C.-P., Lip, G. Y. H., Leung, G. K.-K., Tse, H.-F., Siu, C.-W. Tags: Coumarins, Other anticoagulants, Anticoagulants Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Special MRI scan could identify stroke risk in people with atrial fibrillation
Atrial fibrillation is a heart rhythm disorder that affects millions of people. It can make you feel lousy. Even worse, it can cause potentially disabling or deadly strokes. A special MRI scan may — I stress the “may” — help identify people with atrial fibrillation who are at high risk of having a stroke. This could help many people with this condition to avoid taking warfarin or other clot-preventing medications for life. A normal heartbeat starts in a cluster of cells called the pacemaker. It sits in the heart’s upper right chamber (the right atrium). These cells generate a pulse of electricity that...
Source: New Harvard Health Information - April 28, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Howard LeWine, M.D. Tags: Heart Health atrial fibrillation MRI prevention special MRI scan Stroke Stroke Risk Source Type: news

Duration of Diabetes Mellitus and Risk of Thromboembolism and Bleeding in Atrial Fibrillation: Nationwide Cohort Study Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— In patients with atrial fibrillation, longer duration of diabetes mellitus was associated with a higher risk of thromboembolism, but not with a higher risk of anticoagulant-related bleeding. Considering the critical balance between preventing thromboembolism and avoiding bleeding, longer duration of diabetes mellitus may favor initiation of anticoagulant therapy.
Source: Stroke - July 27, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Overvad, T. F., Skjoth, F., Lip, G. Y. H., Lane, D. A., Albertsen, I. E., Rasmussen, L. H., Larsen, T. B. Tags: Thrombosis risk factors, Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes, Embolic stroke, Anticoagulants Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Clinical and Economic Implications of Apixaban Versus Aspirin in the Low-Risk Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation Patients Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Anticoagulant treatment with apixaban versus aspirin in low-risk patients, as identified using CHADS2 or CHA2DS2–VASc, is projected to increase life expectancy and provide clinical benefits that are cost effective.
Source: Stroke - September 28, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Lip, G. Y. H., Lanitis, T., Mardekian, J., Kongnakorn, T., Phatak, H., Dorian, P. Tags: Primary prevention, Cerebrovascular disease/stroke, Anticoagulants, Antiplatelets Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Blood Pressure Control and Risk of Stroke or Systemic Embolism in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: Results From the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation (ARISTOTLE) Trial Stroke
Conclusions High BP measurement at any point during the trial was independently associated with a substantially higher risk of stroke or systemic embolism. These results strongly support efforts to treat elevated BP as an important strategy to optimally lower risk of stroke in patients with AF. Clinical Trial Registration URL: https://ClinicalTrials.gov/. Unique identifier: NCT00412984.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - December 1, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Rao, M. P., Halvorsen, S., Wojdyla, D., Thomas, L., Alexander, J. H., Hylek, E. M., Hanna, M., Bahit, M. C., Lopes, R. D., De Caterina, R., Erol, C., Goto, S., Lanas, F., Lewis, B. S., Husted, S., Gersh, B. J., Wallentin, L., Granger, C. B., the Apixaban Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Antiplatelet Strategies and Outcomes in Patients with Noncardioembolic Ischemic Stroke from a Real-World Study with a Five-Year Follow-Up
In conclusion, clopidogrel is suggested for patients with an ESRS >  3 and aspirin for patients with an ESRS ≤ 3 for the secondary prevention of noncardioembolic ischemic stroke in Chinese patients.
Source: Translational Stroke Research - December 30, 2016 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Predicting major bleeding in patients with noncardioembolic stroke on antiplatelets: S2TOP-BLEED
Conclusions: The S2TOP-BLEED score can be used to estimate 3-year major bleeding risk in patients with a TIA or ischemic stroke who use antiplatelet agents, based on readily available characteristics. The discriminatory performance may be improved by identifying stronger predictors of major bleeding.
Source: Neurology - August 28, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Hilkens, N. A., Algra, A., Diener, H.-C., Reitsma, J. B., Bath, P. M., Csiba, L., Hacke, W., Kappelle, L. J., Koudstaal, P. J., Leys, D., Mas, J.-L., Sacco, R. L., Amarenco, P., Sissani, L., Greving, J. P., For the Cerebrovascular Antiplatelet Trialists' Tags: Stroke prevention, All Cerebrovascular disease/Stroke, Risk factors in epidemiology, Infarction ARTICLE Source Type: research

SMC accepts apixaban (Eliquis®) for prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in adults with AF
Source: Scottish Medicines Consortium (SMC) Area: Evidence > Drug Specific Reviews The Scottish Medicines Consortium has accepted apixaban (Eliquis®) for use within NHS Scotland for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in adult patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF), with one or more risk factors, such as prior stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA); age ?75 years; hypertension; diabetes mellitus; symptomatic heart failure (NYHA class ?II).   The Detailed Advice accompanying the recommendation (see link below) summarises the evidence on efficacy and safety, the clinical effective...
Source: NeLM - Cardiovascular Medicine - February 11, 2013 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Aspirin prophylaxis in people without prior cardiovascular disease does not lead to reductions in cardiovascular death or cancer mortality
Commentary on: Seshasai SR, Wijesuriya S, Sivakumaran R, et al.. Effect of aspirin on vascular and nonvascular outcomes: meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Arch Intern Med 2012;172:209–16. Context Prophylactic antiplatelet therapy with aspirin reduces the risk of non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), non-fatal stroke and vascular death in patients with known cardiovascular disease (CVD) and is of net benefit. The absolute reduction in recurrent events significantly exceeds the increase in major bleeding.1 However, the role of aspirin in primary prevention of CVD is not clear. According to the Antithrombot...
Source: Evidence-Based Medicine - March 19, 2013 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Farooq, M. U., Gorelick, P. B. Tags: Clinical trials (epidemiology), Epidemiologic studies, Drugs: cardiovascular system, Stroke, Hypertension, Prevention, Ischaemic heart disease Online articles Source Type: research

Abstract 217: How well does the CHADS2 Stroke Risk Score Predict Major Hemorrhage in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation? Poster Session II
Conclusions: Although some clinical markers of stroke risk such as those included in the CHADS2 risk score are also associated with increased hemorrhage risk, the CHADS2 risk score should not be used instead of a validated hemorrhage risk tool to estimate hemorrhage risk.
Source: Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes - May 15, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: Quinn, G. R., Singer, D. E., Go, A. S., Chang, Y., Borowsky, L., Pomernacki, N., Udaltsova, N., Fang, M. C. Tags: Poster Session II Source Type: research

Risks and Benefits of Anticoagulation in Atrial Fibrillation: Insights From the Outcomes Registry for Better Informed Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation (ORBIT-AF) Registry Original Articles
Conclusions— In community-based outpatients with AF, use of OAC was high and driven by not only predominantly stroke but also bleeding risk. Stroke risk significantly affects OAC use among those with low bleeding risk, whereas those with high bleeding risk demonstrate consistently lower use of OAC regardless of stroke risk.
Source: Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes - July 16, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: Cullen, M. W., Kim, S., Piccini, J. P., Ansell, J. E., Fonarow, G. C., Hylek, E. M., Singer, D. E., Mahaffey, K. W., Kowey, P. R., Thomas, L., Go, A. S., Lopes, R. D., Chang, P., Peterson, E. D., Gersh, B. J., on behalf of the ORBIT-AF Investigators Tags: Coumarins, Arrhythmias, clinical electrophysiology, drugs, Embolic stroke, Risk Factors for Stroke, Anticoagulants Original Articles Source Type: research

Apixaban versus warfarin in patients with atrial fibrillation according to prior warfarin use: Results from the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation trial
Background: Patients with atrial fibrillation who are vitamin K antagonist (VKA)-naive may have a higher risk of thrombosis and/or bleeding than VKA-experienced patients.Methods and results: Using data from ARISTOTLE, we assessed baseline characteristics and the treatment effect of apixaban versus warfarin in the VKA-naive and VKA-experienced cohorts. We compared rates of study drug discontinuation and time-in-therapeutic range. Overall, 7,800 (43%) were VKA naive, and 10,401 were VKA experienced. At baseline, both groups were similar with respect to age and congestive heart failure, hypertension, age, diabetes, stroke sco...
Source: American Heart Journal - July 26, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: David A. Garcia, Lars Wallentin, Renato D. Lopes, Laine Thomas, John H. Alexander, Elaine M. Hylek, Jack Ansell, Michael Hanna, Fernando Lanas, Greg Flaker, Patrick Commerford, Denis Xavier, Dragos Vinereanu, Hongqiu Yang, Christopher B. Granger Tags: Electrophysiology Source Type: research

Association between periodontal disease and non-fatal ischemic stroke: a case-control study.
Conclusion. This case-control study demonstrates that periodontal disease, especially markers such as BOP and bone loss, is independently associated with ischemic stroke. PMID: 24720864 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica - April 11, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Lafon A, Tala S, Ahossi V, Perrin D, Giroud M, Béjot Y Tags: Acta Odontol Scand Source Type: research

Difference in Aneurysm Characteristics Between Ruptured and Unruptured Aneurysms in Patients With Multiple Intracranial Aneurysms Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Aspect ratio ≥1.3 and irregular shape are associated with aneurysm rupture independent of aneurysm size and location, and independent of patient characteristics. Additional studies need to assess to what extent these factors increase the risks of rupture of small aneurysms in absolute terms.
Source: Stroke - April 28, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Backes, D., Vergouwen, M. D. I., Velthuis, B. K., van der Schaaf, I. C., Bor, A. S. E., Algra, A., Rinkel, G. J. E. Tags: Cerebrovascular disease/stroke, Cerebral Aneurysm, AVM, & Subarachnoid hemorrhage, Computerized tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Dabigatran etexilate for secondary stroke prevention: the first year experience from a multicenter short-term registry.
DISCUSSION: Our pilot data indicate that dabigatran appears to be safe for secondary stroke prevention during the first year of implementation of this therapy. However, high cost may limit the long-term treatment of AF patients with dabigatran, leading to early discontinuation. PMID: 24790645 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Adv Data - May 1, 2014 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tsivgoulis G, Krogias C, Sands KA, Sharma VK, Katsanos AH, Vadikolias K, Papageorgiou SG, Heliopoulos I, Shiue H, Mitsoglou A, Liantinioti C, Athanasiadis D, Giannopoulos S, Piperidou C, Voumvourakis K, Alexandrov AV Tags: Ther Adv Neurol Disord Source Type: research

Modification of Outcomes With Aspirin or Apixaban in Relation to Female and Male Sex in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: A Secondary Analysis of the AVERROES Study Brief Reports
Conclusions— Female patients with atrial fibrillation had higher ischemic stroke rates compared with male patients, but the relative effects of apixaban compared with aspirin on both ischemic stroke and bleeding were similar in men and women.
Source: Stroke - June 23, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Lip, G. Y. H., Eikelboom, J., Yusuf, S., Shestakovska, O., Hart, R. G., Connolly, S., on behalf of the AVERROES Investigators Tags: Other anticoagulants, Thrombosis risk factors Brief Reports Source Type: research

Risk score to predict gastrointestinal bleeding after acute ischemic stroke
Conclusion: The AIS-GIB score is a valid clinical grading scale to predict in-hospital GIB after AIS. Further studies on the effect of the AIS-GIB score on reducing GIB and improving outcome after AIS are warranted.
Source: BMC Gastroenterology - July 25, 2014 Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Ruijun JiHaipeng ShenYuesong PanPenglian WangGaifen LiuYilong WangHao LiAneesh SinghalYongjun Wang Source Type: research

Sex differences in clinical characteristics and outcomes after intracerebral haemorrhage: results from a 12-month prospective stroke registry in Nanjing, China
This study aimed to investigate the sex differences in clinical characteristics, severity and outcomes of Chinese ICH patients. Methods: The Nanjing First Hospital stroke registry was a hospital-based registry of stroke patients with 1-year prospective follow-up. From 2004 to 2008, a total of 651 consecutively recruited patients with acute ICH were enrolled. Primary outcome was death or dependency defined as a modified Rankin Scale score of 3?6 at 12 months. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to determine whether there were sex differences in clinical outcomes after ICH. Clinically important and biol...
Source: Epidemiologic Perspectives and Innovations - September 4, 2014 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Junshan ZhouYingdong ZhangHisatomi ArimaYanxia ZhaoHongdong ZhaoDanni ZhengYouyong TianYukai LiuQing HuangJie Yang Source Type: research

Dabigatran etexilate for secondary stroke prevention: the first year experience from a multicenter short-term registry
Discussion: Our pilot data indicate that dabigatran appears to be safe for secondary stroke prevention during the first year of implementation of this therapy. However, high cost may limit the long-term treatment of AF patients with dabigatran, leading to early discontinuation.
Source: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders - April 22, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Tsivgoulis, G., Krogias, C., Sands, K. A., Sharma, V. K., Katsanos, A. H., Vadikolias, K., Papageorgiou, S. G., Heliopoulos, I., Shiue, H., Mitsoglou, A., Liantinioti, C., Athanasiadis, D., Giannopoulos, S., Piperidou, C., Voumvourakis, K., Alexandrov, A. Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Bleeding risk, physical functioning and non-use of anticoagulation among patients with stroke and atrial fibrillation
Conclusion: It appears that in this sample, post-stroke anticoagulation decisions appear to be made based on clinical factors associated with bleed risk and motor deficits or physical functioning. However, opportunities may exist for improving clinician documentation of specific reasoning for non-anticoagulation prescription.
Source: QJM - February 23, 2015 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Schmid, A. A., Ofner, S., Shorr, R. I., Williams, L. S., Bravata, D. M. Tags: Original papers Source Type: research

Oral Anticoagulation, Aspirin, or No Therapy in Patients With Nonvalvular AF With 0 or 1 Stroke Risk Factor Based on the CHA 2 DS 2 -VASc Score
ConclusionsLow-risk patients (CHA2DS2-VASc = 0 [male], 1 [female]) have a truly low risk for stroke and bleeding. With 1 additional stroke risk factor (CHA2DS2-VASc = 1 [male], = 2 [female]), there was a significant increase in event rates (particularly mortality) if nonanticoagulated.
Source: Journal of the American College of Cardiology - April 6, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Delay of Percutaneous Gastrostomy Tube (PEG) Placement in Patients with Ischemic Stroke in a Large Urban Hospital. (P1.063)
CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that hypertension, use of AA agents and use of tPA puts stroke patients at risk of having a delay in PEG placement. Prior studies have shown that aspirin use is not associated with increased bleeding complications during PEG placement. Education can help avoid delay in PEG tube placement due to aspirin use. Early PEG placement in ischemic stroke patients may improve clinical outcome and decrease hospital costs.Disclosure: Dr. Raval has nothing to disclose. Dr. Rayi has nothing to disclose. Dr. Jacob has nothing to disclose. Dr. Hillen has nothing to disclose.
Source: Neurology - April 8, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Raval, B., Rayi, A., Jacob, M., Hillen, M. Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease and Interventional Neurology: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Stroke Awareness In Outpatients. (P2.302)
CONCLUSIONS: General knowledge about CVRF is still insufficient in the outpatient population, even when assessed in the cardiology or neurology clinic. We believe that increased knowledge about stroke in outpatients, compared to inpatients, is due to higher educational level and a higher amount of family members with a history of stroke. Study Supported by:Disclosure: Dr. Pagani Cassara has nothing to disclose. Dr. Gonzalez Toledo has nothing to disclose. Dr. Pagani Cassara has nothing to disclose. Dr. Pagani Cassara has nothing to disclose. Dr. Pagani Cassara has nothing to disclose. Dr. Moschini has nothing to disclose. ...
Source: Neurology - April 8, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Nadile, D., Gonzalez Toledo, M., Gomez, Y., Munoz Giacomelli, F., Delfitto, M., Moschini, J., Pagani Cassara, F., Tamargo, A., Thomson, A., Klein, F. Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease and Interventional Neurology: Education and TIA Source Type: research

Abstract 304: Developing a Patient Registry for Atrial Fibrillation to Improve The Quality of Stroke Prevention in a Safety Net Institution Session Title: Poster Session III
Conclusions: A baseline assessment of stroke prophylaxis among atrial fibrillation patients in a safety net health system demonstrates nonguideline-concordant anticoagulation use among low-risk patients and suboptimal anticoagulation use among high-risk patients, patterns that could not be explained by HAS-BLED score.
Source: Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes - April 29, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Oronce, C. I., Valdez, C., Anderson, S. L., Vlasimsky, T. B., Marrs, J. C., Richesin, S. D., Hanratty, R. Tags: Session Title: Poster Session III Source Type: research

INR optimization based on stroke risk factors in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation
Conclusion The intensity of anticoagulation therapy for Korean patients with NVAF is optimal when INR is between 1.7 and 2.2.
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - June 12, 2015 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Antithrombotic Treatment Following Intracerebral Hemorrhage in Patients With and Without Atrial Fibrillation Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— In majority of patients who receive antithrombotic agents, treatment is initiated within 6 months of ICH. Still, many patients with compelling indications for antithrombotic treatment are not prescribed antithrombotic agents. Factors other than high risk of embolic stroke by CHA2DS2-VASc in ICH survivors with concurrent AF are used to guide the anticoagulant treatment decision in Swedish clinical practice.
Source: Stroke - July 27, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Pennlert, J., Asplund, K., Carlberg, B., Wiklund, P.-G., Wisten, A., Asberg, S., Eriksson, M. Tags: Acute Cerebral Hemorrhage, Anticoagulants, Antiplatelets, Epidemiology Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Underutilization of warfarin for stroke prophylaxis in patients with atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter in Korea.
CONCLUSIONS: A high portion of AF/AFL patients with CHADS2 score ≥2 were undertreated with warfarin. As ischemic stroke is one of the leading causes of death in Korea, a more aggressive approach to prevent stroke in patients with AF/AFL is required. PMID: 26242197 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Cardiology - August 1, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Lee IH, Kim H, Je NK Tags: J Cardiol Source Type: research

Left Atrial Appendage Remodeling After Lariat Left Atrial Appendage Ligation Original Articles
Conclusions— Incomplete LAA ligation after Lariat is common. However, the remodeled LAA cavity is dramatically reduced. Diminished cavity size and tightening of the LAA orifice may play a role in the reduction of thrombus formation.
Source: Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology - December 15, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Kreidieh, B., Rojas, F., Schurmann, P., Dave, A. S., Kashani, A., Rodriguez-Manero, M., Valderrabano, M. Tags: Arrhythmias, Remodeling, Computerized Tomography (CT), Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Articles Source Type: research

Untreated High Blood Pressure Greatly Raises Risk of 'Bleeding' Stroke
THURSDAY, Feb. 18, 2016 -- People with untreated high blood pressure face a much greater risk of a bleeding stroke, but that risk is even higher for blacks and Hispanics, a new study warns. "The average age for a brain hemorrhage [bleeding stroke]...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - February 18, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: news

Alcoholism and In-Hospital Mortality among Hemorrhagic Stroke Patients in Puerto Rico (P1.263)
Conclusions: The adjusted OR of 3.18 suggests a positive association and in-patient hemorrhagic stroke mortality. However the small sample size and low power limit the ability to delineate a clear statistical association, thereby warranting further study into this subject matter as alcoholism is a modifiable risk factor and early interventions may lower hemorrhagic stroke mortality in this population.Disclosure: Dr. Smirnoff has nothing to disclose. Dr. Moses has nothing to disclose. Dr. Zevallos has nothing to disclose.
Source: Neurology - April 3, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Smirnoff, L., Moses, A., Zevallos, J. C. Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease: Health Disparities Source Type: research

Blood Pressure Control and Stroke or Bleeding Risk in Anticoagulated Patients with Atrial Fibrillation: Results from the ROCKET AF Trial
Conclusions In a trial of anticoagulated patients with AF, increasing screening SBP was independently associated with stroke and SE, and one-third of patients had uncontrolled hypertension. The relative effectiveness and safety of rivaroxaban versus warfarin was consistent across all levels of screening SBP. A single SBP may be an important factor in reducing the overall risk of stroke and SE in anticoagulated patients with AF.
Source: American Heart Journal - May 6, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Intracerebral Hemorrhage: The 'Other' Stroke
J Mocco, MD, MS Professor and Vice Chair for Education Director, Cerebrovascular Center Residency Program Director Department of Neurological Surgery Mount Sinai Health System Intracerebral Hemorrhage: The 'Other' Stroke A recent patient of mine, 48-year-old "Joe" (not his real name), was eating with his family at an Italian restaurant. Suddenly, he stood up, cursed, and collapsed. They brought him to the hospital, and he could not talk, move, or do anything we asked him to do. It turned out that Joe had suffered the second-most common, but deadliest, form of stroke: intracerebral hemorrhage. When people hear "stroke,...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - November 7, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Real ‐World Clinical Characteristics and Treatment Patterns of Individuals Aged 80 and Older with Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation: Results from the ReAl‐life Multicenter Survey Evaluating Stroke Study
ConclusionNearly one‐fifth of individuals with NVAF in this real‐world sample were aged 80 and older. Participants aged 80 and older were more likely to be female and have more comorbidities than those who were younger than 80. Those aged 80 and older with AF were less likely to receive anticoagulants than those who were younger than 80, but having more comorbidities and other individual‐level characteristics may explain this difference. When they were prescribed OACs, participants aged 80 and older had poorer quality of anticoagulation than those who were younger, suggesting opportunities for improvement.
Source: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society - April 10, 2017 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Murat Biteker, Özcan Başaran, Volkan Doğan, İbrahim Altun, Fatma Özpamuk Karadeniz, Ahmet İlker Tekkesin, Yasin Çakıllı, Ceyhan Türkkan, Mehmet Hamidi, Vahit Demir, Mustafa Ozan Gürsoy, Müjgan Tek Öztürk, Gökhan Aksan, Sabri Seyis, Mehmet B Tags: Clinical Investigation Source Type: research

Factors associated with non –vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants for stroke prevention in patients with new-onset atrial fibrillation: Results from the Outcomes Registry for Better Informed Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation II (ORBIT-AF II)
Conclusions In contemporary clinical practice, up to three-fourths of patients with new-onset AF are now initially treated with a NOAC for stroke prevention. Those selected for NOAC treatment had lower stroke and bleeding risk profiles, were more likely treated by cardiologists, and had higher socioeconomic status. Trial registration clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01701817
Source: American Heart Journal - April 25, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Relationship of Hypertension and Systolic Blood Pressure With the Risk of Stroke or Bleeding in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: The Fushimi AF Registry.
CONCLUSION: The incidences of stroke/SE and bleeding were higher in AF and hypertension patients with elevated SBP. UMIN Clinical Trials Registry: UMIN000005834. PMID: 28575205 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Hypertension - May 30, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ishii M, Ogawa H, Unoki T, An Y, Iguchi M, Masunaga N, Esato M, Chun YH, Tsuji H, Wada H, Hasegawa K, Abe M, Akao M Tags: Am J Hypertens Source Type: research

Long ‐term aspirin does not lower risk of stroke and increases bleeding risk in low risk atrial fibrillation ablation patients
Conclusions: After catheter ablation, low risk patients do not benefit from long‐term aspirin therapy, but are at risk for higher rates of bleeding when compared to no therapy or warfarin.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology - August 1, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Victoria Jacobs, Heidi T. May, Tami L. Bair, Brian G. Crandall, Michael J. Cutler DO, John D. Day, Charles Mallender, Jeffrey S. Osborn, J. Peter Weiss, T. Jared Bunch Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Abstract P396: The Stroke Belt: Forged in the Heat of the Buckle? A Hypothesis Session Title: Epidemiology
The “stroke belt”(SB) in the SE USA has significantly higher stroke rates in whites (W) and African Americans (AA). HTN is the major driving force. The “Buckle” (B) of the SB, with even higher rates, lies along the costal “low country” plains of the Carolinas. Being born in the B is a powerful exposure that increases risk. Forty percent of all US slaves came thru, slaved and many died in the B of the SB. While reading the scholarly review “Slavery, Disease and Suffering in the Southern Low Country”, by Dr. Peter McCandless, (Cambridge U Press, 2011) I was stuck with the effect of the hot, humid weather with...
Source: Hypertension - September 14, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Clarence Grim Tags: Poster Abstract Presentations Source Type: research

Long ‐term aspirin does not lower risk of stroke and increases bleeding risk in low‐risk atrial fibrillation ablation patients
ConclusionsAfter catheter ablation, low risk patients do not benefit from long‐term aspirin therapy, but are at risk for higher rates of bleeding when compared to no therapy or warfarin.
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology - September 26, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Victoria Jacobs, Heidi T. May, Tami L. Bair, Brian G. Crandall, Michael J. Cutler DO, John D. Day, Charles Mallender, Jeffrey S. Osborn, J. Peter Weiss, T. Jared Bunch Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Stroke risks and patterns of warfarin therapy among atrial fibrillation patients post radiofrequency ablation: A real-world experience
In this study, we analyzed the stroke risks of patients who had undergone RFA for AF at our hospital between March 2014 and June 2016 using the CHADS2, CHADS2-VASc, and Hypertension, Abnormal renal/liver function, Stroke, Bleeding history or predisposition, Labile international normalized ratio, Elderly (> 65 years) (HAS-BLED) scoring systems. We retrieved medications, co-morbidities, and initial warfarin dosage data. The primary outcome was the percentage of patients initiated with warfarin therapy for stroke prophylaxis in AF who had a CHADS2-VASc score of 0. Totally, 309 patients were initiated with warfarin therapy ...
Source: Medicine - November 1, 2017 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research

Primary Prevention of Stroke in Chronic Kidney Disease Patients: A Scientific Update
Background: Although chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an independent risk factor for stroke, official recommendations for the primary prevention of stroke in CKD are generally lacking.Summary: We searched PubMed and ISI Web of Science for randomised controlled trials, observational studies, reviews, meta-analyses and guidelines referring to measures of stroke prevention or to the treatment of stroke-associated risk factors (cardiovascular disease in general and atrial fibrillation (AF), arterial hypertension or carotid artery disease in particular) among the CKD population. The use of oral anticoagulation in AF appears safe...
Source: Cerebrovascular Diseases - January 9, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

The role of intraoperative stroke volume variation on bleeding during functional endoscopic sinus surgery.
CONCLUSIONS: Targeting SVV larger than 12%, achieves a possible reduction of the intraoperative bleeding in patients undergoing FESS. PMID: 29745623 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Anestesiologica - May 12, 2018 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Minerva Anestesiol Source Type: research

Studies: Low-Dose Aspirin May Not Prevent Initial Heart Attack, Stroke
Taking a low-dose aspirin every day has long been known to cut the chances of another heart attack, stroke or other heart problem in people who already have had one, but the risks don’t outweigh the benefits for most other folks, major new research finds. Although it’s been used for more than a century, aspirin’s value in many situations is still unclear. The latest studies are some of the largest and longest to test this pennies-a-day blood thinner in people who don’t yet have heart disease or a blood vessel-related problem. One found that aspirin did not help prevent first strokes or heart attacks...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - August 27, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Boston News Health Healthwatch aspirin Source Type: news

The relationship between brain microbleeds and homeostatic markers in the treatment of ischemic stroke.
CONCLUSION: Pathogenesis of AF is involved abnormal changes of hemostasis, endothelial dysfunction, antithrombotic state and inflammation. The homeostatic markers, which play role in these pathways, and the presence of BMBs could use to form a prognostic clinic assessment tool to predict bleeding risk. PMID: 30207930 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Neurological Research - September 14, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurol Res Source Type: research

XANTUS-EL: A real-world, prospective, observational study of patients treated with rivaroxaban for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation in Eastern Europe, Middle East, Africa and Latin America
ConclusionsXANTUS-EL confirmed low stroke and major bleeding rates in patients with NVAF from EEMEA and Latin America. The population was younger but with more heart failure and hypertension than XANTUS; stroke/SE rate was similar but major bleeding lower.
Source: The Egyptian Heart Journal - October 5, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research