Condition: Heart Failure
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Use of Warfarin at Discharge Among Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients With Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation in China Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— The rate of warfarin use remains low among patients with ischemic stroke and known nonvalvular atrial fibrillation in China. Hospital size and academic status together with patient age, heart failure, heavy alcohol drinking, international normalized ratio in hospital, and stroke severity on admission were each independently associated with the use of warfarin at discharge. There is much room for improvement for secondary stroke prevention in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation patients in China.
Source: Stroke - January 25, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Yang, X., Li, Z., Zhao, X., Wang, C., Liu, L., Wang, C., Pan, Y., Li, H., Wang, D., Hart, R. G., Wang, Y., Wang, Y., on behalf of the China National Stroke Registry II Investigators Tags: Anticoagulants, Treatment, Quality and Outcomes, Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research
N-Terminal Pro-B-type Natriuretic Peptide and Stroke Risk: The Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke Cohort Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— NT-proBNP was a major independent risk marker for stroke. Considering this and other data for stroke, coronary disease, and atrial fibrillation, the clinical use of NT-proBNP measurement in primary prevention settings should be considered.
Source: Stroke - May 27, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Cushman, M., Judd, S. E., Howard, V. J., Kissela, B., Gutierrez, O. M., Jenny, N. S., Ahmed, A., Thacker, E. L., Zakai, N. A. Tags: Acute Cerebral Infarction, Embolic stroke, Epidemiology Clinical Sciences Source Type: research
Rivaroxaban for Stroke Prevention in East Asian Patients From the ROCKET AF Trial Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Observed relative efficacy and safety of rivaroxaban versus warfarin were similar among patients within and outside East Asia. Rivaroxaban, 20 mg once daily, is an alternative to warfarin for stroke prevention in East Asians with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. Clinical Trial Registration— URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00123456.
Source: Stroke - May 27, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Wong, K. S. L., Hu, D. Y., Oomman, A., Tan, R.-S., Patel, M. R., Singer, D. E., Breithardt, G., Mahaffey, K. W., Becker, R. C., Califf, R., Fox, K. A. A., Berkowitz, S. D., Hacke, W., Hankey, G. J., on behalf of The Executive Steering Committee and the RO Tags: Other anticoagulants, Embolic stroke, Anticoagulants Clinical Sciences Source Type: research
High Prevalence of Atrial Fibrillation Among Patients With Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Access to nationwide register data shows that AF is more common among patients with ischemic stroke than those previously reported. Few patients with stroke and AF had anticoagulant treatment before the event, and few got it after the event. CHA2DS2-VASc could be a useful monitoring tool to intensify efforts to diagnose AF among patients with cryptogenic stroke.
Source: Stroke - August 25, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Friberg, L., Rosenqvist, M., Lindgren, A., Terent, A., Norrving, B., Asplund, K. Tags: Coumarins, Arrhythmias, clinical electrophysiology, drugs, Embolic stroke, Epidemiology Clinical Sciences Source Type: research
Predictors of Finding Occult Atrial Fibrillation After Cryptogenic Stroke Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Mobile cardiac outpatient telemetry detects AF in a substantial proportion of cryptogenic stroke patients. Age >60 years and radiographic evidence of prior cortical or cerebellar infarction are robust indicators of occult AF. Patients with neither had a low prevalence of AF.
Source: Stroke - April 27, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Favilla, C. G., Ingala, E., Jara, J., Fessler, E., Cucchiara, B., Messe, S. R., Mullen, M. T., Prasad, A., Siegler, J., Hutchinson, M. D., Kasner, S. E. Tags: Acute Cerebral Infarction, Arrhythmias, clinical electrophysiology, drugs, Embolic stroke, Pathology of Stroke, Risk Factors for Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research
Left Atrial Enlargement and Stroke Recurrence: The Northern Manhattan Stroke Study Clinical Sciences
Conclusion— Moderate to severe LAE was an independent marker of recurrent cardioembolic or cryptogenic stroke in a multiethnic cohort of ischemic stroke patients. Further research is needed to determine whether anticoagulant use may reduce risk of recurrence in ischemic stroke patients with moderate to severe LAE.
Source: Stroke - May 22, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Yaghi, S., Moon, Y. P., Mora-McLaughlin, C., Willey, J. Z., Cheung, K., Di Tullio, M. R., Homma, S., Kamel, H., Sacco, R. L., Elkind, M. S. V. Tags: Embolic stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research
Patients With Ischemic Stroke and Incident Atrial Fibrillation: A Nationwide Cohort Study Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Ischemic stroke was associated with a substantially increased risk of incident AF, particularly among individuals with higher CHADS2 or CHA2DS2-VASc scores. These risk scores seem to be simple tools for identifying patients at higher risk of incident AF after ischemic stroke.
Source: Stroke - August 24, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Fauchier, L., Clementy, N., Pelade, C., Collignon, C., Nicolle, E., Lip, G. Y. H. Tags: Arrhythmias, clinical electrophysiology, drugs, Embolic stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research
Electrocardiographic Left Atrial Abnormality and Risk of Stroke: Northern Manhattan Study Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— ECG-defined left atrial abnormality was associated with incident cryptogenic or cardioembolic stroke independently of the presence of AF, suggesting atrial thromboembolism may occur without recognized AF.
Source: Stroke - October 26, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Kamel, H., Hunter, M., Moon, Y. P., Yaghi, S., Cheung, K., Di Tullio, M. R., Okin, P. M., Sacco, R. L., Soliman, E. Z., Elkind, M. S. V. Tags: Electrocardiology, Echocardiography, Arrhythmias, clinical electrophysiology, drugs, Embolic stroke, Risk Factors for Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research
Rates and Determinants of 5-Year Outcomes After Atrial Fibrillation-Related Stroke: A Population Study Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— AF-stroke is associated with considerable long-term morbidity, fatality, stroke recurrence, and nursing home requirement. Adequately resourced national AF strategies to improve AF detection and prevention are needed.
Source: Stroke - November 23, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Hayden, D. T., Hannon, N., Callaly, E., Ni Chroinin, D., Horgan, G., Kyne, L., Duggan, J., Dolan, E., O'Rourke, K., Williams, D., Murphy, S., Kelly, P. J. Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research
Stroke and Heart Failure: Clinical Features, Access to Care, and Outcomes
Limited information is known regarding acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and heart failure (HF). The aim of the study was to evaluate clinical characteristics, predisposing factors, and outcomes in AIS with HF.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - February 4, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Jitphapa Pongmoragot, Douglas S. Lee, Tai Hwan Park, Jiming Fang, Peter C. Austin, Gustavo Saposnik, Investigators of the Registry of the Canadian Stroke Network, University of Toronto Stroke Program for the Stroke Outcomes Research Canada (SORCan—www.s Source Type: research
Short Leukocyte Telomere Length Is Associated With Cardioembolic Stroke Risk in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Brief Reports
Conclusions— Telomere shortening is associated with cardioembolic stroke risk in patients with AF. Prospective studies are encouraged to establish the value of LTL to improve prediction tools to categorize cardioembolic stroke risk in AF.
Source: Stroke - February 22, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Allende, M., Molina, E., Gonzalez-Porras, J. R., Toledo, E., Lecumberri, R., Hermida, J. Tags: Atrial Fibrillation, Risk Factors, Genetics, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke Brief Reports Source Type: research
Cost-Effectiveness of Oral Anticoagulants for Ischemic Stroke Prophylaxis Among Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation Patients Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— All the newer oral anticoagulants compared were more effective than adjusted dosed warfarin. Our model showed that apixaban was the most effective anticoagulant in a general atrial fibrillation population and has an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio <$50 000/QALY. For those with higher stroke risk (CHADS2≥3), dabigatran was the most cost-effective treatment option.
Source: Stroke - May 22, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Shah, A., Shewale, A., Hayes, C. J., Martin, B. C. Tags: Anticoagulants, Cost-Effectiveness, Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research
Reducing Readmissions After Stroke With a Structured Nurse Practitioner/Registered Nurse Transitional Stroke Program Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Evaluation in a nurse practitioner–led structured clinic is a model that may reduce readmissions at 30 days for stroke patients discharged home.
Source: Stroke - May 22, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Condon, C., Lycan, S., Duncan, P., Bushnell, C. Tags: Cost-Effectiveness, Health Services, Quality and Outcomes, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research
Carotid Atherosclerosis and Stroke in Atrial Fibrillation: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study Brief Reports
Conclusions— Increased cIMT and presence of carotid plaque are associated with increased risk of ischemic stroke in individuals with AF. Furthermore, they may improve risk prediction of stroke, over and above the CHA2DS2-VASc score.
Source: Stroke - May 22, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Bekwelem, W., Jensen, P. N., Norby, F. L., Soliman, E. Z., Agarwal, S. K., Lip, G. Y. H., Pan, W., Folsom, A. R., Longstreth, W. T., Alonso, A., Heckbert, S. R., Chen, L. Y. Tags: Atrial Fibrillation, Risk Factors, Ischemic Stroke, Atherosclerosis Brief Reports Source Type: research
Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction and Risk of Stroke and Cardiac Events in Heart Failure: Data From the Warfarin Versus Aspirin in Reduced Ejection Fraction Trial Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— In patients with systolic HF and sinus rhythm, LVEF is inversely associated with death and its components, whereas an association with stroke exists for very low LVEF values. An interaction with warfarin treatment on stroke risk may exist. Clinical Trial Registration— URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00041938.
Source: Stroke - July 24, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Di Tullio, M. R., Qian, M., Thompson, J. L. P., Labovitz, A. J., Mann, D. L., Sacco, R. L., Pullicino, P. M., Freudenberger, R. S., Teerlink, J. R., Graham, S., Lip, G. Y. H., Levin, B., Mohr, J. P., Buchsbaum, R., Estol, C. J., Lok, D. J., Ponikowski, P. Tags: Heart Failure, Echocardiography, Anticoagulants, Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research
Risk Stratification for Recurrence and Mortality in Embolic Stroke of Undetermined Source Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— The risk of recurrent ischemic stroke/TIA and death in ESUS is reliably stratified by CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores. Compared with the low-risk group, patients in the high-risk CHA2DS2-VASc group have much higher risk of ischemic stroke recurrence/TIA and death, approximately 3-fold and 13-fold, respectively.
Source: Stroke - August 21, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Ntaios, G., Vemmos, K., Lip, G. Y. H., Koroboki, E., Manios, E., Vemmou, A., Rodriguez-Campello, A., Cuadrado-Godia, E., Giralt-Steinhauer, E., Arnao, V., Caso, V., Paciaroni, M., Diez-Tejedor, E., Fuentes, B., Perez Lucas, J., Arauz, A., Ameriso, S. F., Tags: Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research
Stroke Risk and Mortality in Patients With Ventricular Assist Devices Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—The incidence of stroke after VAD implantation was 8.7% per year, and incident stroke was strongly associated with subsequent in-hospital mortality. Notably, ischemic stroke occurred at nearly twice the rate of hemorrhagic stroke. Women seemed to face a higher risk for hemorrhagic stroke than men.
Source: Stroke - October 23, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Parikh, N. S., Cool, J., Karas, M. G., Boehme, A. K., Kamel, H. Tags: Heart Failure, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research
Pioglitazone for Secondary Stroke Prevention Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Pioglitazone reduces recurrent stroke and major vascular events in ischemic stroke patients with insulin resistance, prediabetes, and diabetes mellitus.
Source: Stroke - January 22, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Meng Lee, Jeffrey L. Saver, Hung-Wei Liao, Chun-Hsien Lin, Bruce Ovbiagele Tags: Cardiovascular Disease, Diabetes, Type 2, Secondary Prevention, Meta Analysis, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research
Risk of Stroke in Patients With Heart Failure Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Heart failure was associated with increased short-term and long-term risk of all stroke subtypes, suggesting that heart failure is a potent and persistent risk factor for ischemic stroke, ICH, and SAH.
Source: Stroke - April 24, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Kasper Adelborg, Szimonetta Szepligeti, Jens Sundboll, Erzsebet Horvath–Puho, Victor W. Henderson, Anne Ording, Lars Pedersen, Henrik Toft Sorensen Tags: Heart Failure, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research
CHA2DS2-VASc Score (Congestive Heart Failure, Hypertension, Age >=75 Doubled, Diabetes Mellitus, Prior Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack Doubled, Vascular Disease, Age 65-74, Female) for Stroke in Asian Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Clinical Sciences
Background and Purpose—The CHA2DS2-VASc stroke score (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age ≥75 (doubled), diabetes mellitus, prior stroke or transient ischemic attack (doubled), vascular disease, age 65–74, female) is used in most guidelines for risk stratification in atrial fibrillation (AF), but most data for this score have been derived in Western populations. Ethnic differences in stroke risk may be present. Our objective was to investigate risk factors for stroke in AF and application of the CHA2DS2-VASc score in an Asian AF population from Korea.Methods—A total of 5855 oral anticoagulant–naive nonval...
Source: Stroke - May 22, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Tae-Hoon Kim, Pil-Sung Yang, Jae-Sun Uhm, Jong-Youn Kim, Hui-Nam Pak, Moon-Hyoung Lee, Boyoung Joung, Gregory Y.H. Lip Tags: Arrhythmias, Risk Factors, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research
CHA2DS2-VASc Score for Identifying Truly Low-Risk Atrial Fibrillation for Stroke Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—The CHA2DS2-VASc score shows good performance in defining truly low-risk Asian patients with atrial fibrillation for stroke compared with CHADS2 and ATRIA scores.
Source: Stroke - October 23, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Tae-Hoon Kim, Pil-Sung Yang, Daehoon Kim, Hee Tae Yu, Jae-Sun Uhm, Jong-Youn Kim, Hui-Nam Pak, Moon-Hyoung Lee, Boyoung Joung, Gregory Y.H. Lip Tags: Atrial Fibrillation, Quality and Outcomes, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research
Serum Galectin-3 and Poor Outcomes Among Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke Brief Report
Background and Purpose—Elevated galectin-3 has been associated with atherosclerosis and poor outcomes in patients with heart failure. However, it remains unclear whether galectin-3 has any effect on the poor outcomes of ischemic stroke. The aim of the present study was to examine the association between galectin-3 with poor outcomes among patients with acute ischemic stroke.Methods—Serum galectin-3 was measured in 3082 patients with acute ischemic stroke. The primary outcome was a combination of death or major disability (modified Rankin Scale score, ≥3) at 3 months after stroke.Results—Compared with the lowest qua...
Source: Stroke - December 22, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Aili Wang, Chongke Zhong, Zhengbao Zhu, Tian Xu, Yanbo Peng, Tan Xu, Hao Peng, Chung-Shiuan Chen, Jinchao Wang, Zhong Ju, Qunwei Li, Deqin Geng, Yingxian Sun, Jianhui Zhang, Xiaodong Yuan, Jing Chen, Yonghong Zhang, Jiang He Tags: Biomarkers, Clinical Studies, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Brief Reports Source Type: research
Serum Hepatocyte Growth Factor Is Probably Associated With 3-Month Prognosis of Acute Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences
Background and Purpose—Serum hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is positively associated with poor prognosis of heart failure and myocardial infarction, and it can also predict the risk of ischemic stroke in population. The goal of this study was to investigate the association between serum HGF and prognosis of ischemic stroke.Methods—A total of 3027 acute ischemic stroke patients were included in this post hoc analysis of the CATIS (China Antihypertensive Trial in Acute Ischemic Stroke). The primary outcome was composite outcome of death or major disability (modified Rankin Scale score ≥3) within 3 months.Results—Afte...
Source: Stroke - January 22, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Zhengbao Zhu, Tan Xu, Daoxia Guo, Xinfeng Huangfu, Chongke Zhong, Jingyuan Yang, Aili Wang, Chung-Shiuan Chen, Yanbo Peng, Tian Xu, Jinchao Wang, Yingxian Sun, Hao Peng, Qunwei Li, Zhong Ju, Deqin Geng, Jing Chen, Yonghong Zhang, Jiang He Tags: Biomarkers, Clinical Studies, Epidemiology, Prognosis, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research
Elevated Plasma D-Dimer Level Is Associated With Short-Term Risk of Ischemic Stroke in Patients With Acute Heart Failure Brief Report
We examined 721 consecutive hospitalized AHF patients with plasma D-dimer level on admission from our prospective registry between January 2013 and May 2016. The study end points were incidence of ischemic stroke during hospitalization and at 30 days after admission.Results—Of the total participants (mean age, 76 years; male, 60%; atrial fibrillation, 54%; mean left ventricular ejection fraction, 38%), in-hospital ischemic stroke occurred in 18 patients (2.5%) during a median hospitalization period of 21 days, and 30-day ischemic stroke occurred in 16 patients (2.2%). Higher D-dimer level on admission was an independent ...
Source: Stroke - June 25, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Yasuhiro Hamatani, Toshiyuki Nagai, Michikazu Nakai, Kunihiro Nishimura, Yasuyuki Honda, Hiroki Nakano, Satoshi Honda, Naotsugu Iwakami, Yasuo Sugano, Yasuhide Asaumi, Takeshi Aiba, Teruo Noguchi, Kengo Kusano, Kazunori Toyoda, Satoshi Yasuda, Hiroyuki Yo Tags: Heart Failure, Ischemic Stroke Brief Reports Source Type: research
Intracranial Hemorrhage Among Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Anticoagulated With Warfarin or Rivaroxaban: The Rivaroxaban Once Daily, Oral, Direct Factor Xa Inhibition Compared With Vitamin K Antagonism for Prevention of Stroke and Embolism Trial in Atrial Fibrillation Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Among patients with atrial fibrillation treated with anticoagulation, the risk of ICH was higher among Asians, blacks, the elderly, and in those with previous stroke or transient ischemic attack, increased diastolic blood pressure, and reduced platelet count or serum albumin at baseline. The risk of ICH was significantly lower in patients with heart failure and in those who were randomized to rivaroxaban instead of warfarin. The external validity of these findings requires testing in other atrial fibrillation populations.
Source: Stroke - April 28, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Hankey, G. J., Stevens, S. R., Piccini, J. P., Lokhnygina, Y., Mahaffey, K. W., Halperin, J. L., Patel, M. R., Breithardt, G., Singer, D. E., Becker, R. C., Berkowitz, S. D., Paolini, J. F., Nessel, C. C., Hacke, W., Fox, K. A. A., Califf, R. M., on behal Tags: Acute Cerebral Hemorrhage, Anticoagulants Clinical Sciences Source Type: research
Incidence, Trends, and Predictors of Ischemic Stroke 30 Days After an Acute Myocardial Infarction Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— The incidence of ischemic stroke within 30 days of an AMI has decreased during the period 1998 to 2008. This decrease is associated with increased use of acetylsalicylic acid, P2Y12 inhibitors, statins, and percutaneous coronary intervention.
Source: Stroke - April 28, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Kajermo, U., Ulvenstam, A., Modica, A., Jernberg, T., Mooe, T. Tags: Risk Factors, Acute myocardial infarction, Acute Cerebral Infarction, Epidemiology Clinical Sciences Source Type: research
Age Dependence of Risk Factors for Stroke and Death in Young Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: A Nationwide Study Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— The CHA2DS2-VASc score is an applicable tool for all age groups and in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation patients <65 years old, the same risk factors apply.
Source: Stroke - April 28, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Melgaard, L., Rasmussen, L. H., Skjoth, F., Lip, G. Y. H., Larsen, T. B. Tags: Acute Cerebral Infarction, Anticoagulants Clinical Sciences Source Type: research
Factors Associated with Proximal Carotid Axis Occlusion in Patients with Acute Stroke and Atrial Fibrillation
Conclusions: Female sex, advanced age, history of systemic embolism, and higher BNP level were independently associated with more proximal carotid axis occlusion. Patients with AF having these factors may be prone to have relatively large thrombi in the heart.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - October 7, 2013 Category: Neurology Authors: Yuki Sakamoto, Shoichiro Sato, Yuka Kuronuma, Kazuyuki Nagatsuka, Kazuo Minematsu, Kazunori Toyoda Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Hyponatremia in the Prognosis of Acute Ischemic Stroke
Background: Hyponatremia is a risk factor for stroke and cardiovascular disease. Even mild hyponatremia is associated with increased 30-day mortality after myocardial infarction, and it has recently shown to increase the 3-year mortality after a stroke. In this work, we investigated both acute and chronic clinical outcomes after a stroke in hyponatremic patients.Methods: We reviewed all patients admitted between 2004 and 2011 with the diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke. Hyponatremia was defined as serum sodium level less than 135 mmol/L and recorded on admission. All hemorrhagic strokes were excluded. Data were analyzed us...
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - August 19, 2013 Category: Neurology Authors: Bernardo Rodrigues, Ilene Staff, Gilbert Fortunato, Louise D. McCullough Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
“No Turn Back Approach” to Reduce Treatment Time for Endovascular Treatment of Acute Ischemic Stroke
Conclusions: The no turn back approach appeared to be feasible and reduced the time interval between ED arrival and microcatheter placement in acute ischemic stroke patients undergoing endovascular treatment.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - February 21, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Adnan I. Qureshi, Hossam Egila, Malik M. Adil, Harris Siddiqi, Nidaullah Mian, Ameer E. Hassan, Jefferson T. Miley, Gustavo J. Rodriguez, M. Fareed K. Suri Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Clinical Prediction Model Suitable for Assessing Hospital Quality for Patients Undergoing Carotid Endarterectomy Stroke
Conclusions The NCDR CEA score, comprising 7 clinical variables, predicts in-hospital stroke or death after CEA. This model can be used to estimate hospital risk-adjusted outcomes for CEA and to assist with the assessment of hospital quality.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - June 17, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Wimmer, N. J., Spertus, J. A., Kennedy, K. F., Anderson, H. V., Curtis, J. P., Weintraub, W. S., Singh, M., Rumsfeld, J. S., Masoudi, F. A., Yeh, R. W. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research
Atrial Fibrillation, Stroke, and Anticoagulation in Medicare Beneficiaries: Trends by Age, Sex, and Race, 1992-2010 Stroke
Conclusions Ischemic stroke rates among Medicare AF patients decreased significantly in all demographic subpopulations from 1992–2010, coincident with increasing warfarin use. Ischemic stroke rates remained higher and warfarin use rates remained lower for women and blacks with AF, groups whose baseline CHADS scores were higher.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - June 3, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Shroff, G. R., Solid, C. A., Herzog, C. A. Tags: Stroke Source Type: research
Stroke in Patients With Aortic Stenosis: The Simvastatin and Ezetimibe in Aortic Stenosis Study Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— In patients with aortic stenosis not prescribed oral anticoagulation, atrial fibrillation, AVR with concomitant coronary artery bypass grafting, and CHA2DS2-VASc score were the major predictors of stroke. Incident stroke was strongly associated with mortality. Clinical Trial Registration— URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00092677.
Source: Stroke - June 23, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Greve, A. M., Dalsgaard, M., Bang, C. N., Egstrup, K., Ray, S., Boman, K., Rossebo, A. B., Gohlke-Baerwolf, C., Devereux, R. B., Kober, L., Wachtell, K. Tags: Thrombosis risk factors, CV surgery: valvular disease, Acute Cerebral Infarction Clinical Sciences Source Type: research
Abstract 7: Risk of Intracranial Hemorrhage Among Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients Receiving Prior Antiplatelet Therapy and Treated with Intravenous Tissue Plasminogen Activator Session Title: Concurrent I Session B: Oral Abstracts on Stroke Topics
Conclusion: This study represents the largest clinical experience of the safety of thrombolysis in patients on prior antiplatelet therapy. Despite a higher incidence of sICH, the absolute excess risk appears small (0.67%). These findings support current guideline recommendations regarding use of intravenous tPA in patients on antiplatelet therapy with careful weighing of potential risk and benefit.
Source: Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes - June 2, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Xian, Y., Grau-Spulveda, M., Schwamm, L. H., Bhatt, D. L., Smith, E. E., Reeves, M. J., Federspiel, J., Thomas, L., Bettger, J. P., Laskowitz, D. T., Hernandez, A. F., Fonarow, G. C., Peterson, E. D. Tags: Session Title: Concurrent I Session B: Oral Abstracts on Stroke Topics Source Type: research
Increased risk of stroke in patients with chronic kidney disease after recurrent hypoglycemia
Conclusions: CKD was associated with a higher risk of stroke and mortality in patients with hypoglycemia. Recurrent hypoglycemia considerably increased the risk of stroke and overall mortality in patients with CKD regardless of whether they had diabetes. These results suggest that hypoglycemia has a crucial role in stroke and death in patients with CKD.
Source: Neurology - August 18, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Yu, T.-M., Lin, C.-L., Chang, S.-N., Sung, F.-C., Kao, C.-H. Tags: Prognosis, All Cerebrovascular disease/Stroke, Cohort studies ARTICLE Source Type: research
Incidence, Trends, and Predictors of Ischemic Stroke 1 Year After an Acute Myocardial Infarction Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— The risk of ischemic stroke within a year after myocardial infarction is substantial but has clearly been reduced during the studied time period. The major predictive factors found to correlate well with previous investigations. Reperfusion treatment, thrombocyte aggregation inhibition, and lipid lowering are the main contributors to the observed risk reduction.
Source: Stroke - October 27, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Ulvenstam, A., Kajermo, U., Modica, A., Jernberg, T., Soderstrom, L., Mooe, T. Tags: Platelet function inhibitors, Acute myocardial infarction, Acute Cerebral Infarction, Platelets Clinical Sciences Source Type: research
Systolic and Diastolic Blood Pressure Changes in Relation With Myocardial Infarction and Stroke in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease Clinical Trials
In conclusion, in patients with coronary artery disease and initially free from congestive heart failure, a BP reduction from baseline over the examined BP range had little effect on the risk of MI and predicted a lower risk of stroke. An increase in systolic BP from baseline increased the risk of stroke and MI. The relationships of BP with risk were much steeper for stroke than for MI. A treatment-induced BP reduction over the explored range seems to be safe in patients with coronary artery disease. Clinical Trial Registration— URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00153101.
Source: Hypertension - December 10, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Verdecchia, P., Reboldi, G., Angeli, F., Trimarco, B., Mancia, G., Pogue, J., Gao, P., Sleight, P., Teo, K., Yusuf, S. Tags: Secondary prevention, Clinical Studies, Other Stroke Treatment - Medical Clinical Trials Source Type: research
Subclinical cardiac dysfunction increases the risk of stroke and dementia: The Rotterdam Study
Conclusions: In elderly free of clinical cardiac disease, worse diastolic function is associated with clinical stroke, dementia, and silent infarcts on MRI, whereas worse systolic function is related only to clinical stroke. These findings can form the basis for future research on the utility of cardiac function as potential intervention target for prevention of neurologic diseases.
Source: Neurology - February 23, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: de Bruijn, R. F. A. G., Portegies, M. L. P., Leening, M. J. G., Bos, M. J., Hofman, A., van der Lugt, A., Niessen, W. J., Vernooij, M. W., Franco, O. H., Koudstaal, P. J., Ikram, M. A. Tags: MRI, All Cerebrovascular disease/Stroke, All Cognitive Disorders/Dementia, Cohort studies ARTICLE Source Type: research
Increased Stroke Risk in Atrial Fibrillation Patients With Heart Failure: Does Ejection Fraction Matter? Editorials
Source: Stroke - February 23, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Kotecha, D., Banerjee, A., Lip, G. Y. H. Tags: Congestive, Embolic stroke Editorials Source Type: research
Relationship Between Degree of Left Ventricular Dysfunction, Symptom Status, and Risk of Embolic Events in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation and Heart Failure Clinical Sciences
Conclusion— Among HF patients in ACTIVE, neither the presence of LVSD or degree of symptom severity influenced risk of embolic events.
Source: Stroke - February 23, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Sandhu, R. K., Hohnloser, S. H., Pfeffer, M. A., Yuan, F., Hart, R. G., Yusuf, S., Connolly, S. J., McAlister, F. A., Healey, J. S. Tags: Congestive, Arrhythmias, clinical electrophysiology, drugs, Embolic stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research
Leukoaraiosis and stroke recurrence risk in patients with and without atrial fibrillation
Conclusions: Leukoaraiosis is an independent predictor of stroke recurrence in non-AF stroke patients. However, leukoaraiosis did not increase the accuracy of the CHADS2 and CHA2DS2-VASc scores to predict stroke recurrence in AF or non-AF stroke patients.
Source: Neurology - March 23, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Ntaios, G., Lip, G. Y. H., Lambrou, D., Papavasileiou, V., Manios, E., Milionis, H., Spengos, K., Makaritsis, K., Vemmos, K. Tags: All Cerebrovascular disease/Stroke ARTICLE Source Type: research
Rates of Ischemic Stroke During Warfarin Treatment for Atrial Fibrillation Brief Reports
Conclusions— In a large cohort of older patients with atrial fibrillation, we observed the highest rate of ischemic stroke in the first 30 days after warfarin initiation. Although causation cannot be established given the observational nature of this study, our findings highlight the need for future research in this population.
Source: Stroke - March 23, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Tung, J. M., Mamdani, M. M., Juurlink, D. N., Paterson, J. M., Kapral, M. K., Gomes, T. Tags: Cardiovascular Pharmacology, Anticoagulants, Epidemiology Brief Reports Source Type: research
Risk of ischemic stroke during periods of warfarin discontinuation for surgical procedures: A longitudinal study of 4060 patients with atrial fibrillation (P1.058)
CONCLUSIONS: The risk associated with discontinuation of warfarin for procedures must be recognized and considered in the risk benefit analysis of any procedure.Disclosure: Dr. Jahangir has nothing to disclose. Dr. Malik has nothing to disclose. Dr. Suri has nothing to disclose. Dr. Qureshi has nothing to disclose.
Source: Neurology - April 8, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Jahangir, N., Malik, A., Suri, M., Qureshi, A. Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease and Interventional Neurology: Atrial Fibrillation and Cardio-embolic Stroke Source Type: research
Effect of Cigarette Smoking on Outcomes of Acute Ischemic Stroke Treated with Intravenous Thrombolysis: Is There Any Paradox in The Brain? (P3.071)
Conclusion: There is no smoker's paradox in ischemic stroke.Disclosure: Dr. Hussein has nothing to disclose. Dr. Niemann has nothing to disclose. Dr. Stuck has nothing to disclose. Dr. Qureshi has nothing to disclose.
Source: Neurology - April 8, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Hussein, H., Niemann, N., Stuck, L., Qureshi, A. Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease and Interventional Neurology: Ischemic Stroke Outcome Source Type: research
An Association between Diabetes and Late Hospital Arrival among low-income Hispanic Stroke Patients (P7.144)
CONCLUSIONS: The presence of diabetes may be associated with delayed hospital arrival for acute stroke among low-income Hispanic stroke patients. Further studies are needed to confirm these findings.Disclosure: Dr. Ellyn has nothing to disclose. Dr. Williams has nothing to disclose.
Source: Neurology - April 8, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Ellyn, L.-H., Williams, O. Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease and Interventional Neurology: Race, Ethnicity, and Stroke Source Type: research
Are there Different Rates of Acute Stroke Risk Factors in the South Texas Mexican American population? (P7.146)
CONCLUSION: In the South Texas Mexican American AIS population, there is greater then a three-fold higher prevalence of hypertension, diabetes and CHF compared with Hispanics/Latinos in the US. AFIB and CHF are significant predictors of poor outcome in this unique population.Disclosure: Dr. Tekle has nothing to disclose. Dr. Hassan has nothing to disclose. Dr. Malik has nothing to disclose. Dr. Jones-Fullingim has nothing to disclose. Dr. Sanchez has nothing to disclose. Dr. Jani has nothing to disclose. Dr. Sanchez has nothing to disclose. Dr. Abantao has nothing to disclose. Dr. Qureshi has nothing to disclose.
Source: Neurology - April 8, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Tekle, W., Hassan, A., Malik, A., Jones-Fullingim, L., Sanchez, C., Jani, V., Sanchez, O., Abantao, E., Qureshi, A. Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease and Interventional Neurology: Race, Ethnicity, and Stroke Source Type: research
Special MRI scan could identify stroke risk in people with atrial fibrillation
Atrial fibrillation is a heart rhythm disorder that affects millions of people. It can make you feel lousy. Even worse, it can cause potentially disabling or deadly strokes. A special MRI scan may — I stress the “may” — help identify people with atrial fibrillation who are at high risk of having a stroke. This could help many people with this condition to avoid taking warfarin or other clot-preventing medications for life. A normal heartbeat starts in a cluster of cells called the pacemaker. It sits in the heart’s upper right chamber (the right atrium). These cells generate a pulse of electricity that...
Source: New Harvard Health Information - April 28, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Howard LeWine, M.D. Tags: Heart Health atrial fibrillation MRI prevention special MRI scan Stroke Stroke Risk Source Type: news
Insular Cortex Lesions, Cardiac Troponin, and Detection of Previously Unknown Atrial Fibrillation in Acute Ischemic Stroke: Insights From the Troponin Elevation in Acute Ischemic Stroke Study Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Insular cortex involvement, higher admission high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T, older age, hypertension, and longer monitoring are associated with new detection of AF during in-hospital ECG monitoring. Patients with higher high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T or insular cortex involvement may be candidates for prolonged ECG monitoring.
Source: Stroke - April 27, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Scheitz, J. F., Erdur, H., Haeusler, K. G., Audebert, H. J., Roser, M., Laufs, U., Endres, M., Nolte, C. H. Tags: Acute Cerebral Infarction Clinical Sciences Source Type: research
Abstract 206: Aiming to Improve Stroke Care Continuity with Primary Care Follow-up Appointments Scheduled Prior to Hospital Discharge Session Title: Poster Session II
Conclusions: Hospital performance with scheduling primary care follow-up appointments improved significantly; however, only 1 in 4 patients had an appointment scheduled prior to discharge. Case study analysis of missed opportunities may help identify barriers and facilitators associated with access, availability, and awareness that can be addressed in future improvement cycles.
Source: Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes - April 29, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Prvu Bettger, J., Burns, B., Lender, S., Nutter, D., On Behalf of the Ohio Coverdell Stroke Program Leadership, Participating Hosps and Partners Tags: Session Title: Poster Session II Source Type: research
Primary prevention of stroke by a healthy lifestyle in a high-risk group
Conclusions: A healthy lifestyle is associated with a substantially reduced risk of stroke in men at higher risk of stroke.
Source: Neurology - June 1, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Larsson, S. C., Akesson, A., Wolk, A. Tags: Stroke prevention, All Cerebrovascular disease/Stroke, Cohort studies ARTICLE Source Type: research