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Total 99 results found since Jan 2013.

Influence of individualized prevention recommendations after one year on the control of hypertension in 3,868 follow-up participants of the ELITE study
CONCLUSION: 56% of the hypertensive participants succeeded in lowering their blood pressure, whereas there was a significant increase in blood pressure, especially in those who were well controlled with antihypertensives. This underlines the need to further motivate normotensive patients to maintain their normotension. The results show that the combination of individual written education and lifestyle interventions are an effective tool for the public health sector to combat hypertension. In our participants, lifestyle interventions have a significant impact on BP change. It should be noted critically that there are still ...
Source: Central European Journal of Public Health - January 13, 2022 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Bastian Schrader Joachim Schrader Michael Koziolek Albrecht Els ässer Anna-Maria B ünker Berit Hillmann Bernhard Vaske Hermann Haller Stephan L üders Source Type: research

New Analyses Suggest Favorable Results for STELARA ® (ustekinumab) When Used as a First-Line Therapy for Bio-Naïve Patients with Moderately to Severely Active Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis
SPRING HOUSE, PENNSYLVANIA, October 25, 2021 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson today announced data from two new analyses of STELARA® (ustekinumab) for the treatment of adults with moderately to severely active Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC).1,2 In a modelled analysisa focused on treatment sequencing using data from randomized controlled trials, network meta-analysis and literature, results showed patient time spent in clinical remission or response was highest when STELARA was used as a first-line advanced therapy for bio-naïve patients with moderately to severely acti...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - October 25, 2021 Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news

Long-Term Body Mass Index Variability, Weight Change Slope, and Risk of Cardiovascular Outcomes: 7-Year Prospective Study in Chinese Hypertensive Subjects
Conclusions: Higher BMI variability was associated with increased risk of CVD in hypertensive subjects with weight gain but not in those with weight loss, independent of traditional cardiovascular risk factors.Obes Facts
Source: Obesity Facts - August 30, 2021 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

Weight Change and the Onset of Cardiovascular Diseases: Emulating Trials Using Electronic Health Records
Conclusion: Among individuals with obesity, the weight-loss group had a lower risk of coronary heart disease but not of stroke. Weight gain was associated with increased risk of CVD across BMI groups. See video abstract at, http://links.lww.com/EDE/B838.
Source: Epidemiology - August 3, 2021 Category: Epidemiology Tags: Chronic Diseases Source Type: research

Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Cardiovascular Disease: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association
Circulation. 2021 Jun 21:CIR0000000000000988. doi: 10.1161/CIR.0000000000000988. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTObstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is characterized by recurrent complete and partial upper airway obstructive events, resulting in intermittent hypoxemia, autonomic fluctuation, and sleep fragmentation. Approximately 34% and 17% of middle-aged men and women, respectively, meet the diagnostic criteria for OSA. Sleep disturbances are common and underdiagnosed among middle-aged and older adults, and the prevalence varies by race/ethnicity, sex, and obesity status. OSA prevalence is as high as 40% to 80% in patients with ...
Source: Circulation - June 21, 2021 Category: Cardiology Authors: Yerem Yeghiazarians Hani Jneid Jeremy R Tietjens Susan Redline Devin L Brown Nabil El-Sherif Reena Mehra Biykem Bozkurt Chiadi Ericson Ndumele Virend K Somers American Heart Association Council on Clinical Cardiology; Council on Peripheral Vascular Diseas Source Type: research

Effect of Bariatric Surgery on Cardiovascular Function and Heart Failure Outcomes
In this article, we explore the influence of obesity on cardiovascular health and the role of bariatric surgery in reducing cardiovascular comorbidities, preventing the onset of heart failure and improving mortality and quality of life in those with cardiac dysfunction. We highlight the mechanisms by which obesity leads to cardiovascular remodeling, diastolic dysfunction, and eventual heart failure. These mechanisms include systemic inflammation, local lipotoxicity by way of ectopic fat deposition, and hemodynamic alterations that have significant effects on cardiac structure and function. Bariatric surgery has been shown ...
Source: Cardiology in Review - June 11, 2021 Category: Cardiology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research

Role Of Glp-1 Analogs In The Management Of Diabetes And Its Secondary Complication
Mini Rev Med Chem. 2021 Apr 21. doi: 10.2174/1389557521666210422114909. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe cardiovascular complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) include myocardial infarction, heart failure, peripheral vascular disease and, stroke and retinopathy, nephropathy and neuropathy are microvascular complications. While the newer therapies like glitazones or even dipeptidyl-peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) inhibitors increase the risk of therapy, the Glucagon Like Peptide-1 Receptor Agonists (GLP-1RAs), were reported as suitable alternates. The GLP-1RAs reduce the major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), have anti...
Source: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry - April 23, 2021 Category: Chemistry Authors: Ponnurengam Malliappan Sivakumar B Premkumar Prabhawathi Veluchamy Pranav Kumar Prabhakar Source Type: research

BMI and BMI change following incident type 2 diabetes and risk of microvascular and macrovascular complications: the EPIC-Potsdam study
Conclusions/interpretationAmong people with incident type 2 diabetes, pre-diagnosis BMI was positively associated with microvascular complications, while a reduced risk was observed with weight loss when compared with stable weight. The relationships with macrovascular disease were less clear.Graphical abstract
Source: Diabetologia - March 8, 2021 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

SGLT2 Inhibitors: Emerging Roles in the Protection Against Cardiovascular and Kidney Disease Among Diabetic Patients.
Conclusion: SGLT2 inhibitors are novel antidiabetic medications with immense utility in the management of patients with T2DM. Furthermore, SGLT2 inhibitors have demonstrated to reduce the progression to advanced forms of kidney disease and its associated complications. These medications should be front and center in the management of patients with diabetic kidney disease with and without chronic kidney disease as they confer protection against cardiovascular/renal death and improve all-cause mortality. Future studies should evaluate the benefits and implications of early initiation of SGLT2 inhibitors, as well as the long-...
Source: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease - November 7, 2020 Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Int J Nephrol Renovasc Dis Source Type: research

Weight-Loss Surgery May Cut Risk of Heart Attack, Stroke
Title: Weight-Loss Surgery May Cut Risk of Heart Attack, StrokeCategory: Health NewsCreated: 3/23/2020 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 3/24/2020 12:00:00 AM
Source: MedicineNet Heart General - March 24, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news

Marketing Messages in Continuing Medical Education (CME) Modules on Binge-Eating Disorder (BED)
Conclusions: It seems that CME is being used to promote lisdexamfetamine for weight loss (a contraindicated use) and to highlight benefits of lisdexamfetamine while underplaying the risks.
Source: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine - March 15, 2020 Category: Primary Care Authors: Jung, J., Fugh-Berman, A. Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

History of Cardiovascular Disease, Intensive Lifestyle Intervention, and Cardiovascular Outcomes in the Look AHEAD Trial.
CONCLUSIONS: Intervention response heterogeneity was significant for nonfatal MI. Response heterogeneity may need consideration in a CVD-outcome trial design. PMID: 31898874 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Obesity - January 2, 2020 Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Look AHEAD Research Group, Lewis CE, Bantle JP, Bertoni AG, Blackburn G, Brancati FL, Bray GA, Cheskin LJ, Curtis JM, Egan C, Evans M, Foreyt JP, Ghazarian S, Barone Gibbs B, Glasser SP, W Gregg E, Hazuda HP, Hesson L, Hill JO, Horton ES, Hubbard VS, Jaki Tags: Obesity (Silver Spring) Source Type: research

Top 10 Health Questions America Asked Dr. Google In 2019
(CNN) — Google users in the United States had a lot of questions about blood pressure, the keto diet and hiccups in 2019. Those topics were among the 10 most-searched health-related questions on the search engine this year, according to new data from Google. The list was based on search terms collected between January and early December. Last year, the top health-related questions Googled by people in the US included what is amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS, what is endometriosis and how long does weed stay in your urine. In 2017, what is lupus, how long does the flu last and what causes hiccups were some of the...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - December 12, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health News CNN Google Source Type: news

Weight-Loss Surgery Dramatically Lowers the Risk of Early Death, a New Study Finds
For decades, doctors have known that losing weight can significantly lower risk of heart disease and by extension, reduce the risk of dying from heart-related events such as stroke and heart attack. Studies have shown that both lifestyle changes including diet and exercise as well as medications and weight-loss surgery can improve heart disease risk factors such as obesity and diabetes, for example, but data supporting the benefits of any of these approaches in actually lowering rates of heart events such as heart attack and atrial fibrillation, or in reducing early deaths from heart disease, have been less robust. The dat...
Source: TIME: Health - September 2, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Alice Park Tags: Uncategorized diabetes Heart Disease Source Type: news

Liraglutide for the prevention of major adverse cardiovascular events in diabetic patients.
Authors: Madsbad S Abstract INTRODUCTION: The GLP-1 receptor agonist (GLP-1 RA) liraglutide has a half-life of approximately 13 h and is suitable for subcutaneous administration once daily. The use of liraglutide in people with type 2 diabetes has become popular because of the efficacy and durability in relation to glycemic control in combination with weight loss in most patients. Areas covered: PubMed searches were completed using the terms "GLP-1 receptor agonist", "Liraglutide", "Liraglutide and CVD", "Liraglutide and CVD risk factors". The reference list of articles subsequently identified was searched and arti...
Source: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy - May 7, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther Source Type: research

High cardiovascular risk patients benefit more from bariatric surgery than low cardiovascular risk patients
ConclusionStudy results suggest ASCVD and FRS are equally reduced after bariatric surgery, especially after LSG and LRYGB. Moreover, preoperative FRS and ASCVD risk score showed an inversely proportional relationship with %EBMIL loss at 12 months.
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - April 24, 2019 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Daily Aspirin No Longer Recommended To Prevent Heart Attacks In Older Adults
(CNN) — If you’re a healthy older adult looking for ways to reduce your risk of heart attack and stroke, don’t turn to that age-old standby: daily low-dose aspirin. It’s no longer recommended as a preventative for older adults who don’t have a high risk or existing heart disease, according to guidelines announced Sunday by the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association. “For the most part, we are now much better at treating risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes and especially high cholesterol,” said North Carolina cardiologist Dr. Kevin Campbell, who wa...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - March 18, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health News aspirin CNN Source Type: news

Diet Drinks Linked To Increased Stroke Risk & Heart Attacks
This study, as well as other research on the connection between diet beverages and vascular disease, is observational and cannot show cause and effect. That’s a major limitation, researchers say, as it’s impossible to determine whether the association is due to a specific artificial sweetener, a type of beverage or another hidden health issue. “Postmenopausal women tend to have higher risk for vascular disease because they are lacking the protective effects of natural hormones,” North Carolina cardiologist Dr. Kevin Campbell said, which could contribute to increased risk for heart disease and stroke...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - February 14, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health News CNN Heart Attack Stroke Source Type: news

Diet Beverages Linked To Increased Stroke Risk & Heart Attacks
This study, as well as other research on the connection between diet beverages and vascular disease, is observational and cannot show cause and effect. That’s a major limitation, researchers say, as it’s impossible to determine whether the association is due to a specific artificial sweetener, a type of beverage or another hidden health issue. “Postmenopausal women tend to have higher risk for vascular disease because they are lacking the protective effects of natural hormones,” North Carolina cardiologist Dr. Kevin Campbell said, which could contribute to increased risk for heart disease and stroke...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - February 14, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health News CNN Heart Attack Stroke Source Type: news

Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibition for the reduction of cardiovascular events in high-risk patients with diabetes mellitus.
Abstract Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) exhibit an increased risk for cardiovascular (CV) events. Hyperglycemia itself contributes to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and heart failure (HF) in these patients, but glucose-lowering strategies studied to date have had little or no impact on reducing CV risk, especially in patients with a long duration of T2DM and prevalent CV disease (CVD). Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are the new class of glucose-lowering medications that increase urinary glucose excretion, thus improving glycemic control, independent of insulin. The recently p...
Source: Indian Heart J - November 1, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Pancholia AK Tags: Indian Heart J Source Type: research

10 Ways to Keep Your Heart Healthy
No one ever had fun visiting the cardiologist. ­Regardless of how good the doc might be, it’s always a little scary thinking about the health of something as fundamental as the heart. But there are ways to take greater control—to ensure that your own heart health is the best it can be—even if you have a family history of cardiovascular disease. Although 50% of cardiovascular-disease risk is genetic, the other 50% can be modified by how you live your life, according to Dr. Eugenia Gianos, director of Women’s Heart Health at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. “This means you can greatly ...
Source: TIME: Health - October 17, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Lisa Lombardi and Jamie Ducharme Tags: Uncategorized Baby Boomer Health heart health Source Type: news

Obesity Surgery May Cut Diabetics' Heart Risk
Severely obese patients who had weight-loss surgery were 40 percent less likely to suffer a heart attack or stroke over five years, versus those on standard diabetes care, according to a new study.
Source: WebMD Health - October 16, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Bariatric surgery and diabetes remission: how far have we progressed?
This article will review the effectiveness of bariatric procedures on the remission and improvement of diabetes and its implicated mechanisms. PMID: 30298760 [PubMed]
Source: Expert Review of Endocrinology and Metabolism - October 12, 2018 Category: Endocrinology Tags: Expert Rev Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research

Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibition for the reduction of cardiovascular events in high-risk patients with diabetes mellitus
Publication date: Available online 1 September 2018Source: Indian Heart JournalAuthor(s): A.K. PancholiaAbstractPatients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) exhibit an increased risk for cardiovascular (CV) events. Hyperglycemia itself contributes to the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and heart failure (HF) in these patients, but glucose-lowering strategies studied to date have had little or no impact on reducing CV risk, especially in patients with a long duration of T2DM and prevalent CV disease (CVD). Sodium glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2)-inhibitors are the new class of glucose lowering medications that increase urin...
Source: Indian Heart Journal - September 1, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Weight loss drug does not increase heart health risks, study says
People who take the weight loss drug lorcaserin do not have increased risk for heart attack, stroke or death from heart disease, according to a study.
Source: Health News - UPI.com - August 27, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Design and rationale for the Cardiovascular and Metabolic Effects of Lorcaserin in Overweight and Obese Patients–Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 61 (CAMELLIA-TIMI 61) trial
ConclusionCAMELLIA-TIMI 61 is investigating the safety and efficacy of lorcaserin for MACEs and conversion to diabetes in overweight or obese patients with established cardiovascular disease or multiple cardiovascular risk factors.
Source: American Heart Journal - July 10, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

The design and rationale for the Dapagliflozin Effect on Cardiovascular Events (DECLARE) –TIMI 58 Trial
Conclusion The DECLARE–TIMI 58 trial is testing the hypotheses that dapagliflozin is safe (does not increase) and may reduce the occurrence of major CV events. DECLARE–TIMI 58 is the largest study to address this question with an SGLT-2 inhibitor in patients with T2DM and with established CV disease and without CV disease but with multiple risk factors.
Source: American Heart Journal - May 8, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Design and Rationale for the Cardiovascular and Metabolic Effects of Lorcaserin in Overweight and Obese Patients-Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 61 (CAMELLIA-TIMI 61) Trial
Conclusion CAMELLIA-TIMI 61 is investigating the safety and efficacy of lorcaserin for major adverse cardiovascular events and conversion to diabetes in overweight or obese patients with established cardiovascular disease or multiple cardiovascular risk factors.
Source: American Heart Journal - March 30, 2018 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

AHA: Weight-Loss Surgery Helps the Hearts of Very Obese Teens, Too
FRIDAY, March 23, 2018 (American Heart Association) -- Bariatric surgery in severely obese teenagers could lower their risk of heart attack and stroke by about 40 to 50 percent -- and could maintain that lower risk for at least five years, a new...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - March 23, 2018 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Perioperative strokes following combined coronary artery bypass grafting and carotid endarterectomy: A nationwide perspective
Conclusion: A strong association was found to exist between perioperative stroke and in-hospital mortality and morbidity after combined CABG and CEA. CEA procedures are thought to mitigate the high stroke rate of 3-5% post-CABG, but our study found that combined procedures exhibit a similar stroke risk undercutting their effectiveness. Further investigative studies on combined CABG+CEA are needed to assess risk-stratification for better patient selection and examine other preventative strategies to minimize the risk of ischemic strokes.
Source: Neurology India - January 11, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Reshmi Udesh Hannah Cheng Amol Mehta Parthasarathy D Thirumala Source Type: research

Weight Loss in Italy?
One of the women I work with wanted to know about the new diet drug called Belviq. The FDA is always approving a new “miracle” weight-loss pill, only to recall it a few years later. To date, at least 34 diet drugs have been taken off the market. Diet pills cause all kinds of problems — heart attack, stroke and psychiatric disorders. And Belviq isn’t any different. Some of its side effects include suicidal thoughts, a racing heartbeat, hallucinations and more… The European Union banned Belviq. The reason? It causes cancer in animals.  And here’s the real irony… Clinical trials found ...
Source: Al Sears, MD Natural Remedies - October 19, 2017 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Cathy Card Tags: Anti-Aging Source Type: news

Being overweight, not just obese, still carries serious health risks
Conclusion This impressively large global study demonstrates that the prevalence of obesity is increasing worldwide among both children and adults. It supports what has long been thought, that increased body mass index (BMI) contributes to a range of illnesses and is ultimately responsible for a large number of deaths, particularly from cardiovascular disease. One potential limitation is the use of self-reported BMI or health outcome data in some of the studies, although the majority used a specific independent measurement so this is unlikely to have biased results too much. It is also always difficult from observational d...
Source: NHS News Feed - June 13, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Obesity Source Type: news

'Fat but fit' still at higher risk of heart disease
Conclusion The question of whether someone can be "fat but fit" has been much debated. If you're obese but exercise, eat well and don't have metabolic risk factors, the theory goes, you could be just as healthy as someone of recommended weight. This study suggests that may not be true. It is definitely worth adopting a healthy lifestyle, whatever your weight. The study found that, the more metabolic risk factors people had, the more likely they were to develop heart disease, cardiovascular disease and so on. Metabolic risk factors do make a difference. But in this large study, on average, people who were obese ...
Source: NHS News Feed - May 17, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Food/diet Obesity Source Type: news

Hypoglycaemia seriousness and weight gain as determinants of cardiovascular disease outcomes among sulfonylurea users
ConclusionsThis study provides evidence of increased CVD risk associated with hypoglycaemia, especially serious hypoglycaemia events. While associations were attenuated with non‐serious hypoglycaemia, the results were suggestive of a potential increased risk.
Source: Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism - May 1, 2017 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Anthony P. Nunes, Kristy Iglay, Larry Radican, Samuel S. Engel, Jing Yang, Michael C. Doherty, David D. Dore Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research

Effect of weight loss surgery on cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, or nonfatal stroke in overweight and obese post-menopausal women (I12-5C)
Conclusions: We did not observe any significant effect of weight loss surgery on reduction of cardiovascular endpoint of death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, or nonfatal stroke.Disclosure: Dr. Saeed has nothing to disclose. Dr. Malik has nothing to disclose. Dr. Qureshi has nothing to disclose.
Source: Neurology - April 8, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Saeed, O., Malik, A., Qureshi, A. Tags: Obesity and Neurological Disorders Poster Presentations Source Type: research

Effect of weight loss surgery on cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, or nonfatal stroke in overweight and obese post-menopausal women (P1.071)
Conclusions: We did not observe any significant effect of weight loss surgery on reduction of cardiovascular endpoint of death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, or nonfatal stroke.Disclosure: Dr. Saeed has nothing to disclose. Dr. Malik has nothing to disclose. Dr. Qureshi has nothing to disclose.
Source: Neurology - April 8, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Saeed, O., Malik, A., Qureshi, A. Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease and Interventional Neurology: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Diabetes Lifestyle Intervention Does Not Reduce Heart Attack Or Stroke Risk
A long-term, intensive lifestyle intervention program for type 2 diabetes patients that focused on weight loss and exercise did not reduce the risk of stroke or heart attacks, researchers involved in the "Look AHEAD" trial explained at the American Diabetes Association's 73rd Scientific Sessions, Chicago, Illinois. However, the program improved patients' physical quality of life, reduced incidence and severity of depressive symptoms, lowered medical costs because of fewer hospitalizations, outpatient care and medications, and also reduced *microvascular complications...
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - June 25, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Diabetes Source Type: news

Young Women Witth High BMI At Increased Risk For Heart Attack, Stroke
A nationwide study of women in Denmark who are of child-bearing age finds that those who are obese appear to have a much greater risk of heart attack or stroke, according to research presented at the American College of Cardiology's 62nd Annual Scientific Session. In fact, women with a high body mass index (BMI) - a measure of the body's fat content - that is indicative of obesity were twice as likely as those of normal weight to suffer a potentially life-threatening heart attack or stroke within just four to five years following childbirth...
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - March 11, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Obesity / Weight Loss / Fitness Source Type: news