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Total 1618 results found since Jan 2013.

Uninterrupted anticoagulation during catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation: no difference in major bleeding and stroke between direct oral anticoagulants and vitamin K antagonists in an updated meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.
Conclusion: Our meta-analysis suggests that uninterrupted DOAC is not superior to VKA in patients undergoing catheter ablation of AF with comparable rates of major bleeding and stroke. PMID: 32056498 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Cardiologica - February 16, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Acta Cardiol Source Type: research

Acute Ischemic Stroke Outcome and Preceding Anticoagulation: Direct Oral Anticoagulants Versus Vitamin K Antagonists
Oral anticoagulation is recommended for primary and secondary prevention of cardioembolic acute ischemic stroke (AIS). In nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF), direct oral anticoagulants (DOAC) efficacy and safety have been largely proven and are recommended over vitamin K antagonists (VKA) by international guidelines.1-3 AIS in the setting of AF is more often disabling and leads to increased mortality compared with stroke in patients without AF.4
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - February 14, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Sofia Fel ício Tavares, Inês Ferreira, Vanessa Chaves, Luis Flores, Cristina Correia, Jorge Almeida, Luísa Fonseca, Paulo Castro Chaves Source Type: research

Choosing the right therapy for a patient with asymptomatic carotid stenosis.
Authors: Bogiatzi C, Azarpazhooh MR, Spence JD Abstract Introduction: Most patients with asymptomatic carotid stenosis (ACS) now have a lower risk with intensive medical therapy than with stenting (CAS) or endarterectomy (CEA); the annual risk of stroke or death with intensive medical therapy is ~ 0.5%, vs. a periprocedural risk with CAS of ~ 2.5-4.1% with CAS, and ~ 1.4-1.8% with CEA. The excess risk of CAS is greater in older patients.Areas covered: Discussed are the need for intensive medical therapy, the nature of intensive medical therapy, approaches to identifying the few patients with ACS who could benefit f...
Source: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy - February 12, 2020 Category: Cardiology Tags: Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther Source Type: research

Association of serum retinoic acid with depression in patients with acute ischemic stroke.
This study was aimed to evaluate the relationship between RA levels in serum and post-stroke depression (PSD). A single-center (Chengdu, China) prospective cohort study was conducted on patients with acute ischemic stroke. The RA serum level was measured at admission. The PSD was assessed in the 3-month follow-up. The RA-PSD relationship was evaluated with conditional logistic regression. In total, 239 ischemic stroke cases and 100 healthy controls were included. The median RA serum level in patients with ischemic stroke was 2.45 ng/ml (interquartile range [IQR], 0.72-4.33), lower(P<0.001) than 3.89 ng/ml of those in co...
Source: Aging - February 10, 2020 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Yang CD, Cheng ML, Liu W, Zeng DH Tags: Aging (Albany NY) Source Type: research

Pattern and Impact of Off-label Underdosing of Non-Vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulants in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation Who Are Indicated for Standard Dosing
With safety concerns about increasing bleeding, off-label underdosing of non-vitamin K antagonist anticoagulants (NOACs) is common in East Asian patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). We tried to investigate the pattern of NOAC underdosing and associated clinical outcomes in patients with AF who are indicated for standard dosing. Using the Korean National Health Insurance Service database, we evaluated 16568 patients with a new prescription of NOAC who are indicated for standard NOAC dosing and compared 4536 patients with warfarin with respect to thromboembolic events (ischemic stroke or systemic embolization), all-cause ...
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - February 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Min Soo Cho, Ji Eun Yun, Ji Jeong Park, Yun Jung Kim, Jessie Lee, Hyungmin Kim, Duk-Woo Park, Gi-Byoung Nam Source Type: research

Some Comments for Better Understanding of the Study Entitled & ldquo;Reduced Vitamin D Levels are Associated with Stroke-Associated Pneumonia in Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke & rdquo; Letter
Source: Clinical Interventions in Aging - February 5, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Clinical Interventions in Aging Source Type: research

Abbott Wins Approval for CATALYST Trial for At-Risk Stroke Patients
This study is an extremely important step in assessing the Amplatzer Amulet as an effective non-prescription drug alternative for patients with AFib who are at an increased risk for ischemic stroke." In an email sent to MD+DI, Abbott wrote, “We already have an Amulet IDE trial underway that is intended to support our submission for approval in the U.S. for Amplatzer Amulet. The newly announced CATALYST trial will support our submission for an expanded indication for Amulet as a safe and effective alternative to NOAC drugs for patients with atrial fibrillation and at risk of stroke.” Abbo...
Source: MDDI - February 3, 2020 Category: Medical Devices Authors: Omar Ford Tags: Cardiovascular Regulatory and Compliance Source Type: news

Abbott Announces First-of-Its-Kind Trial to Assess New Therapy Option for People at Risk of Stroke
- The CATALYST trial will examine Abbott's Amplatzer ™ Amulet™ device compared to non-vitamin K oral anticoagulants, the current standard in attempting to lower stroke and bleeding risks for patients with atrial fibrillation
Source: Abbott.com - February 3, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Impact of 25-Hydroxyvitamin D on the Prognosis of Acute Ischemic Stroke: Machine Learning Approach
Conclusions: 25-hydroxyvitamin D deficiency was highly prevalent in Korea and low 25-hydroxyvitamin D level was associated with poor outcome in patients with AIS. The machine learning approach of extreme gradient boosting was also useful to assess stroke prognosis along with logistic regression analysis.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - January 31, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Oral Anticoagulation in the Elderly and Frail.
In conclusion, elderly and frail patients requiring anticoagulation for AF or VTE are at higher risk of adverse outcomes, but also have a higher absolute benefit from OAC. Important practical aspects to improve efficacy and safety in this challenging population are summarized in this overview. PMID: 32000266 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Hamostaseologie - January 30, 2020 Category: Hematology Authors: Bauersachs RM, Herold J Tags: Hamostaseologie Source Type: research

Non-vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulants Beyond AF Non-vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulants Beyond AF
Several new studies are investigating the use of NOACs in other medical conditions beyond stroke prevention in AF and the prevention or treatment of VTE.European Heart Journal
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - January 29, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Cardiology Journal Article Source Type: news

Dietary total antioxidant capacity and severity of stenosis in patients with coronary artery disease.
Conclusions: There was a significant association between dietary TAC and severity of stenosis in patients with coronary artery disease. PMID: 31984875 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research - January 29, 2020 Category: Nutrition Tags: Int J Vitam Nutr Res Source Type: research

Naturally prevent conditions like diabetes, heart disease and stroke with vitamin D and hormone support
(Natural News) Years of research have established a positive collaboration between estrogen and vitamin D to improve bone health. Now, recent research suggests that this dynamic duo could also play a role in staving off metabolic syndrome in postmenopausal women. Metabolic syndrome is described as a cluster of conditions – such as obesity, high blood sugar and...
Source: NaturalNews.com - January 27, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulation agents in patients with atrial fibrillation: Insights from Italian monitoring registries
ConclusionsThis study is the largest European real-world study ever published on NOACs. It includes all Italian patients treated with NOACs since 2013 accounting for about 1/3 of subjects with AF. The enrolled population consisted of very elderly patients, at high risk of ischemic adverse events. The AIFA registries are consolidated tools that guarantee the appropriateness of prescription and provide important information for the governance of National Health System by collecting real-world data.
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - January 24, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Use of a bioengineered antioxidant in mouse models of metabolic syndrome.
Conclusions: PEG-HCC can improve some parameters of disease in these models and this may be due to a resulting increase in peripheral insulin sensitivity. However, additional studies are needed to elucidate how PEG-HCCs are producing these effects. PMID: 31937152 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs - January 17, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Investig Drugs Source Type: research

Naturally prevent conditions like diabetes, heart disease and stroke with vitamin D and hormone support
(Natural News) Years of research have established a positive collaboration between estrogen and vitamin D to improve bone health. Now, recent research suggests that this dynamic duo could also play a role in staving off metabolic syndrome in postmenopausal women. Metabolic syndrome is described as a cluster of conditions – such as obesity, high blood...
Source: NaturalNews.com - January 16, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Mortality in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage associated with antiplatelet agents, oral anticoagulants or no antithrombotic therapy.
In conclusion, preceding treatment with antithrombotic is associated with the severity of ICH. Age, previous stroke and clinical severity at presentation were independent predictors of in-hospital death in patients with ICH. PMID: 31955918 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Internal Medicine - January 16, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Franco L, Paciaroni M, Enrico ML, Scoditti U, Guideri F, Chiti A, De Vito A, Terruso V, Consoli D, Vanni S, Giossi A, Manina G, Nitti C, Re R, Sacco S, Cappelli R, Beyer-Westendorf J, Pomero F, Agnelli G, Becattini C Tags: Eur J Intern Med Source Type: research

How Effective and Safe Is Factor XI Inhibition in Preventing Venous Thrombosis?
The introduction of the direct oral anticoagulants for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation and the management of thromboembolism has transformed the care of patients with these disorders. These drugs, which selectively and reversibly inhibit factor Xa or thrombin in the common pathway of the coagulation cascade, have a wide therapeutic window; this allows for simplified dosing regimens without laboratory monitoring of most adult patients as contrasted to vitamin K antagonists. This class of drug is also associated with a lower bleeding risk than vitamin K antagonists, which has been most clearly demonstrated by a 50% ...
Source: JAMA - January 14, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Influence of oral anticoagulation on stroke severity and outcomes: A propensity score matching case-control study
Oral anticoagulants (OAC) such as vitamin K antagonists (VKA) and direct-acting OACs (DOAC) remain the mainstay for prevention of cardioembolic stroke. The influence of previous OAC treatment on stroke severity and outcomes is not well stablished. We compared patients with incident cardioembolic strokes according to pre-stroke treatment.
Source: Journal of the Neurological Sciences - January 14, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: A. Plaza Herr áiz, L. Lobato-Pérez, M. Ramírez-Torres, I. De Lorenzo, M. Alonso de Leciñana, E. Díez-Tejedor, B. Fuentes, J. Rodríguez-Pardo Source Type: research

Cost-effectiveness of dabigatran compared with rivaroxaban for prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with atrial fibrillation in China.
Abstract PURPOSE: In China, dabigatran and rivaroxaban are the only approved non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants for the treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF). The goal of this article was to assess the cost-effectiveness of dabigatran versus rivaroxaban for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in Chinese patients with AF from the perspective of the Chinese health care system. METHODS: A Markov model was constructed to estimate the cost-effectiveness of dabigatran versus rivaroxaban. Clinical events were modeled for a lifetime horizon, based on clinical efficacy data from indirect treatment...
Source: Clinical Therapeutics - January 10, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Dong SJ, Wu B, Zhai SD, Zhang YJ, Chu YB, Gupta P, Li YH Tags: Clin Ther Source Type: research

Direct oral anticoagulants and warfarin in patients with cirrhosis: a comparison of outcomes
In conclusion DOACs appear to be a safe alternative to warfarin in patients with mild to moderate cirrhosis. Further studies are warranted to confirm these findings.
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - January 8, 2020 Category: Hematology Source Type: research

Edoxaban versus warfarin in vitamin K antagonist experienced and na ïve patients from the edoxaban versus warfarin in subjects undergoing cardioversion of atrial fibrillation (ENSURE-AF) randomised trial
ConclusionsEdoxaban had comparable efficacy and safety to optimized anticoagulation with enox –warf. The primary efficacy and safety endpoint outcomes were broadly similar between VKA experienced or naïve patients.
Source: Clinical Research in Cardiology - January 8, 2020 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Vitamin D, Marine n-3 Fatty Acids, and Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease Current Evidence.
Abstract Whether marine omega-3 fatty acid (n-3 FA) or vitamin D supplementation can prevent cardiovascular disease (CVD) in general populations at usual risk for this outcome is unknown. A major goal of VITAL (Vitamin D and Omega-3 Trial) was to fill this knowledge gap. In this article, we review the results of VITAL, discuss relevant mechanistic studies regarding n-3 FAs, vitamin D, and vascular disease, and summarize recent meta-analyses of the randomized trial evidence on these agents. VITAL was a nationwide, randomized, placebo-controlled, 2×2 factorial trial of marine n-3 FAs (1 g/d) and vitamin D3 (2000 IU...
Source: Circulation Research - January 3, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Manson JE, Bassuk SS, Cook NR, Lee IM, Mora S, Albert CM, Buring JE, VITAL Research Group Tags: Circ Res Source Type: research

Insomnia in elderly people.
Abstract An elderly man presented with chronic sleep problems that had recently worsened. He had evidence of disseminated vascular disease with residual left-sided weakness following a stroke. The examination was otherwise unremarkable, but his metabolic profile revealed electrolyte and vitamin deficiencies and an elevated parathyroid hormone level. Electrolytes and vitamins are critical for maintaining physiological balance. Facilitating sleep is especially important in older people for gait stability and sustaining emotional and physical health. Addressing these issues in this patient resulted in improvement, ju...
Source: Baylor University Medical Center Proceedings - January 1, 2020 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Jayakumar P, Sharma A, Lippmann S Tags: Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) Source Type: research

Reduced Vitamin D Levels are Associated with Stroke-Associated Pneumonia in Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke
Source: Clinical Interventions in Aging - December 31, 2019 Category: Geriatrics Tags: Clinical Interventions in Aging Source Type: research

Vitamin K Antagonist Use and Risk for Intracranial Carotid Artery Calcification in Patients With Intracerebral Hemorrhage
Conclusions: Our findings do not support VKA use as an independent risk factor for higher ICAC degree in patients with ICH. We could not confirm the concerns about VKA use and intracranial carotid vascular calcification. We suggest further research in other cohorts with VKA users such as patients with ischemic stroke and atrial fibrillation.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - December 20, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Rivaroxaban Reduces Arterial Thrombosis by Inhibition of FXa Driven Platelet Activation Via Protease Activated Receptor-1.
Conclusions: Here we identified FXa as potent platelet agonist that acts through PAR1. Therefore, RIVA exerts an antiplatelet effect that together with its well-known potent anticoagulatory capacity might lead to reduced frequency of atherothrombotic events and improved outcome in patients. PMID: 31859592 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Circulation Research - December 20, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Petzold T, Thienel M, Dannenberg LK, Mourikis P, Helten C, Ayhan A, M'Pembele R, Achilles A, Trojovsky K, Konsek D, Zang Z, Regenauer R, Pircher J, Ehrlich A, Lüsebrink E, Nicolai L, Stocker T, Brandl R, Röschentaler F, Strecker J, Saleh I, Spannagl M, Tags: Circ Res Source Type: research

Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) post-percutaneous coronary intervention: a network meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Very low- to moderate-certainty evidence suggests no meaningful difference in efficacy outcomes between non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOAC) and vitamin K antagonists following percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) in people with non-valvular atrial fibrillation. NOACs probably reduce the risk of recurrent hospitalisation for adverse events compared with vitamin K antagonists. Low- to moderate-certainty evidence suggests that dabigatran may reduce the rates of major and non-major bleeding, and apixaban and rivaroxaban probably reduce the rates of non-major bleeding compared with vitamin K an...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - December 19, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Al Said S, Alabed S, Kaier K, Tan AR, Bode C, Meerpohl JJ, Duerschmied D Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

Optimization of risk stratification for anticoagulation-associated intracerebral hemorrhage: net risk estimation
ConclusionsIn this anticoagulation-associated ICH cohort, baseline hemorrhagic risk exceeded ischemic risk in approximately 50%, highlighting the importance of careful consideration of risk/benefit ratio prior to anticoagulation decisions. The remaining 50% suffered an ICH despite excess baseline ischemic risk, stressing the need for biomarkers to allow more precise estimation of hemorrhagic complication risk.
Source: Journal of Neurology - December 17, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Preoperative Vitamin D Concentration and Cardiac, Renal, and Infectious Morbidity after Noncardiac Surgery
Conclusions Preoperative vitamin D was not associated with a composite of postoperative 30-day cardiac outcomes. However, there was a significant association between vitamin D deficiency and a composite of infectious complications and decreased kidney function. While renal effects were not clinically meaningful, the effect of vitamin D supplementation on infectious complications requires further study.
Source: Anesthesiology - December 13, 2019 Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research

Is there a role for low-dose DOACs as prophylaxis?
Authors: Cohen AT, Hunt BJ Abstract The direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) have transformed the management of thrombotic disorders. Large clinical trials have demonstrated that DOACs can replace vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) in the 2 existing major indications for anticoagulation: the prevention of stroke in atrial fibrillation and the acute treatment and secondary prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE); this literature is widely known. In this article, we will concentrate on the less well-discussed benefits of the use of DOACs-using low doses as primary and secondary prophylaxis in both venous and arterial thro...
Source: Hematology ASH Education Program - December 7, 2019 Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program Source Type: research

Antiphosholipid syndrome and the risk of myocardial infarction: current evidence and uncertainties.
Abstract Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) encompasses a wide spectrum of disease manifestations that may prevail in the form of venous or arterial thrombosis or lead to pregnancy complications in the presence of persisting antiphospholipid (aPL) antibodies. Unlike in the case of congenital thrombophilias where venous thromboses are more likely to occur as compared to arterial events, aPL antibodies may cause thrombosis in both types of vascular system, often including the coronary or cerebral arteries leading to myocardial infarction (MI) or stroke. In this review we summarize the complex pathomechanisms leading to...
Source: Polish Heart Journal - December 6, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Lóczi L, Kappelmayer J, Tarr T, Bagoly Z Tags: Kardiol Pol Source Type: research

Comparing the Effectiveness and Safety of Non-Vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulants and Warfarin in the Elderly Asian Patients with Atrial Fibrillation: A Nationwide Cohort Study.
CONCLUSIONS: Compared to warfarin, NOACs were associated with a significantly lower risk of adverse events, with heterogeneity in treatment effects among different age strata. Overall, the clear safety signal in favor of NOACs over warfarin was evident irrespective of age strata, being most marked in the most elderly. PMID: 31809694 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Chest - December 3, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Chao TF, Chiang CE, Liao JN, Chen TJ, Lip GYH, Chen SA Tags: Chest Source Type: research

Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and atrial fibrillation: a systematic review and meta-analysis
AbstractSeveral studies have explored the use of NOACs compared with vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and atrial fibrillation (AF); and therefore, we aimed to compare the efficacy and safety outcomes of NOACs with VKAs in this population. We systematically searched the PubMed and Embase databases until August 5, 2019 for studies that compared the effect of NOACs with VKAs in patients with HCM and AF. The risk ratios (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were pooled using a random-effects model. A total of four observational studies were included in this meta-analysis. Over...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - December 2, 2019 Category: Hematology Source Type: research

Should We Judge Stroke Risk by Static or Dynamic Risk Scores? A Focus on the Dynamic Nature of Stroke and Bleeding Risks in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation
Abstract: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most prevalent cardiac arrhythmia and a major risk factor for stroke. The number of patients with AF is predicted to increase in the next few decades. AF has also negative impact on quality of life as well as it significantly increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and overall mortality. Because the stroke is a pivotal outcome of AF, its prevention with the use of anticoagulation therapy constitutes an important component of AF management. The decision on oral anticoagulants' prescription should be based on appropriate risk stratification to allow for comprehensive assessmen...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology - December 1, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Invited Review Article Source Type: research

Efficacy and Safety of Nonvitamin K Oral Anticoagulants in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation and Cancer: A Study-Level Meta-Analysis.
CONCLUSION:  In AF patients with malignancy, NOACs appear at least as effective as VKAs in preventing thrombotic events and reduce intracranial bleeding. NOACs may represent a valid and more practical alternative to VKAs in this setting of high-risk patients. PMID: 31785599 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Thrombosis and Haemostasis - November 30, 2019 Category: Hematology Authors: Cavallari I, Verolino G, Romano S, Patti G Tags: Thromb Haemost Source Type: research

Searching for Atrial Fibrillation Poststroke: A White Paper of the AF-SCREEN International Collaboration.
H, Kirchhof P, Korompoki E, Krieger DW, Lip GYH, Løchen ML, Mairesse GH, Montaner J, Neubeck L, Ntaios G, Piccini JP, Potpara TS, Quinn TJ, Reiffel JA, Ribeiro ALP, Rienstra M, Rosenqvist M, Sakis T, Sinner MF, Svendsen JH, Van Gelder IC, Wachter R, Wijeratne T, Yan B Abstract Cardiac thromboembolism attributed to atrial fibrillation (AF) is responsible for up to one-third of ischemic strokes. Stroke may be the first manifestation of previously undetected AF. Given the efficacy of oral anticoagulants in preventing AF-related ischemic strokes, strategies of searching for AF after a stroke using ECG monitoring fol...
Source: Circulation - November 26, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Schnabel RB, Haeusler KG, Healey JS, Freedman B, Boriani G, Brachmann J, Brandes A, Bustamante A, Casadei B, Crijns HJGM, Doehner W, Engström G, Fauchier L, Friberg L, Gladstone DJ, Glotzer TV, Goto S, Hankey GJ, Harbison JA, Hobbs FDR, Johnson LSB, Kame Tags: Circulation Source Type: research

Management and outcomes of real-world use of non-vitamin-K oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in patients with atrial fibrillation: experience of a  dedicated NOAC clinic.
CONCLUSIONS: We observed low rates of bleeding and adverse drug reactions. However, rates of mortality and discontinuation were relatively high. These results could possibly be explained by the real-world nature of the data including higher-risk patients. PMID: 31773474 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Netherlands Heart Journal - November 26, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: de Veer AJWM, Bennaghmouch N, Wijffels MCEF, Ten Berg JM Tags: Neth Heart J Source Type: research

Differences in dietary recall and subjective physical functioning status in stroke survivors with self-reported cognitive impairment.
CONCLUSION: A lower intake of polyunsaturated fat and vitamin B6 may be associated with cognitive function, ultimately affecting physical functioning, post-stroke. It is possible that differing stroke severity and difficulty recalling dietary habits could have affected the present findings. Therefore, further research is needed to determine if interventions designed to modify polyunsaturated fat and vitamin B6 intakes are able to influence cognitive and physical function in stroke survivors with varying degrees of functional and cognitive deficits. PMID: 30907282 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - March 24, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Kelleher JL, Rodriguez AD, McGregor KM, Serra MC Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Continuation or Discontinuation of Anticoagulation in the Early Phase After Acute Ischemic Stroke Brief Report
Background and Purpose—There is no consensus on whether anticoagulation should be continued or temporarily stopped in patients suffering acute ischemic stroke while using anticoagulation. We assessed treatment variations and outcomes in these patients.Methods—Post hoc analysis of PASS (Preventive Antibiotics in Stroke Study). We included patients with acute ischemic stroke who used anticoagulation at admission. We compared clinical outcomes, thrombotic, and major bleeding events at 3 months.Results—Nine percent (192/2101) of the patients with acute ischemic stroke used anticoagulation at admission (186 vitamin K anta...
Source: Stroke - June 25, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Adrien E. Groot, Jan-Dirk M. Vermeij, Willeke F. Westendorp, Paul J. Nederkoorn, Diederik van de Beek, Jonathan M. Coutinho Tags: Secondary Prevention, Anticoagulants, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke Brief Reports Source Type: research

Relationship Between Dietary Vitamin D and Deaths From Stroke and Coronary Heart Disease Brief Report
Background and Purpose—There is growing evidence about the importance of vitamin D for cardiovascular health. Therefore, we examined the relationship between dietary vitamin D intake and risk of mortality from stroke and coronary heart disease in Japanese population.Methods—A prospective study encompassing 58 646 healthy Japanese adults (23 099 men and 35 547 women) aged of 40 to 79 years in whom dietary vitamin D intake was determined via a self-administered food frequency questionnaire. The median follow-up period was 19.3 years (1989–2009). The hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals of mortality were calcu...
Source: Stroke - January 22, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Haytham A. Sheerah, Ehab S. Eshak, Renzhe Cui, Hironori Imano, Hiroyasu Iso, Akiko Tamakoshi Tags: Cardiovascular Disease, Diet and Nutrition, Epidemiology, Risk Factors, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Brief Reports Source Type: research

Sodium Valproate, a Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor, Is Associated With Reduced Stroke Risk After Previous Ischemic Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—These results suggest that exposure to SVA, an inhibitor of HDAC, may be associated with a lower recurrent stroke risk although we cannot exclude residual confounding in this study design. This supports the hypothesis that HDAC9 is important in the ischemic stroke pathogenesis and that its inhibition, by SVA or a more specific HDAC9 inhibitor, is worthy of evaluation as a treatment to prevent recurrent ischemic stroke.
Source: Stroke - December 22, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Rebecca L. Brookes, Siobhan Crichton, Charles D.A. Wolfe, Qilong Yi, Linxin Li, Graeme J. Hankey, Peter M. Rothwell, Hugh S. Markus Tags: Secondary Prevention, Genetics, Ischemic Stroke, Atherosclerosis Original Contributions Source Type: research

Fibrin Clot Permeability as a Predictor of Stroke and Bleeding in Anticoagulated Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Clinical Sciences
Background and Purpose—Formation of denser fiber networks has been reported in atrial fibrillation and ischemic stroke. In this longitudinal cohort study, we evaluated whether fibrin clot density may predict thromboembolic and bleeding risk in patients with atrial fibrillation on vitamin K antagonists.Methods—In 236 patients with atrial fibrillation receiving vitamin K antagonists treatment, we measured ex vivo plasma clot permeability (Ks), a measure of the pore size in fibrin networks.Results—During a median follow-up of 4.3 (interquartile range, 3.7–4.8) years, annual rates of ischemic stroke or transient ischem...
Source: Stroke - September 25, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Leszek Drabik, Paweł Wołkow, Anetta Undas Tags: Atrial Fibrillation, Ischemic Stroke, Thrombosis Original Contributions Source Type: research

Real-World Setting Comparison of Nonvitamin-K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulants Versus Vitamin-K Antagonists for Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—This meta-analysis confirms the main findings of the randomized controlled trials of dabigatran, rivaroxaban, and apixaban in the real-world setting and, hence, strengthens their validity.
Source: Stroke - August 28, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: George Ntaios, Vasileios Papavasileiou, Konstantinos Makaritsis, Konstantinos Vemmos, Patrik Michel, Gregory Y.H. Lip Tags: Arrhythmias, Secondary Prevention, Meta Analysis, Mortality/Survival, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Effectiveness and Safety of Apixaban, Dabigatran, and Rivaroxaban Versus Warfarin in Patients With Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation and Previous Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Results from our study of the 3 NOACs versus warfarin in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation patients with a previous history of stroke/transient ischemic attack are relatively consistent with their respective phase III trials and previous stroke/transient ischemic attack subgroup analyses. All NOACs seemed no worse than warfarin in respect to ischemic stroke, ICH, or major bleeding risk.
Source: Stroke - July 24, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Craig I. Coleman, W. Frank Peacock, Thomas J. Bunz, Mark J. Alberts Tags: Arrhythmias, Quality and Outcomes, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Genetic Drivers of von Willebrand Factor Levels in an Ischemic Stroke Population and Association With Risk for Recurrent Stroke Clinical Sciences
Background and Purpose—von Willebrand factor (vWF) plays an important role in thrombus formation during cerebrovascular damage. We sought to investigate the potential role of circulating vWF in recurrent cerebrovascular events and identify genetic contributors to variation in vWF level in an ischemic stroke population.Methods—We analyzed the effect of circulating vWF on risk of recurrent stroke using survival models in the VISP trial (Vitamin Intervention for Stroke Prevention) and the use of vWF in reclassification over traditional factors. We conducted a genome-wide association study) with imputation, based on 1000 G...
Source: Stroke - May 22, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Stephen R. Williams, Fang–Chi Hsu, Keith L. Keene, Wei–Min Chen, Godfrey Dzhivhuho, Joe L. Rowles III, Andrew M. Southerland, Karen L. Furie, Stephen S. Rich, Bradford B. Worrall, Michele M. Sale Tags: Biomarkers, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Endovascular Treatment for Acute Ischemic Stroke in the Setting of Anticoagulation Brief Reports
Conclusions— Intra-arterial therapy seems to be safe in patients taking OACs; however, our study showed a nonsignificant increase in hemorrhage and mortality with a nonsignificant decrease in good outcomes in comparison with non-OAC patients. Although these nominal differences may have been related to older age and more comorbidities in the OAC group, larger studies are needed to confirm our findings given our limited sample size.
Source: Stroke - November 23, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Rebello, L. C., Haussen, D. C., Belagaje, S., Anderson, A., Frankel, M., Nogueira, R. G. Tags: Anticoagulants, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke Brief Reports Source Type: research

Fibroblast Growth Factor 23 and Risk of Incident Stroke in Community-Living Adults Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Higher FGF23 concentrations were associated with higher risk of cardioembolic but not with other stroke subtypes in community-dwelling adults. Additional studies should delineate reasons for these findings.
Source: Stroke - January 26, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Panwar, B., Jenny, N. S., Howard, V. J., Wadley, V. G., Muntner, P., Kissela, B. M., Judd, S. E., Gutierrez, O. M. Tags: Acute Cerebral Infarction, Embolic stroke, Epidemiology Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Stroke prevention: managing modifiable risk factors.
Authors: Di Legge S, Koch G, Diomedi M, Stanzione P, Sallustio F Abstract Prevention plays a crucial role in counteracting morbidity and mortality related to ischemic stroke. It has been estimated that 50% of stroke are preventable through control of modifiable risk factors and lifestyle changes. Antihypertensive treatment is recommended for both prevention of recurrent stroke and other vascular events. The use of antiplatelets and statins has been shown to reduce the risk of recurrent stroke and other vascular events. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) are ...
Source: Stroke Research and Treatment - December 2, 2014 Category: Neurology Tags: Stroke Res Treat Source Type: research

Nontraditional Serum Lipid Variables and Recurrent Stroke Risk Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Of various nontraditional lipid variables, elevated baseline triglycerides/HDL-C and total cholesterol/HDL-C ratios predict future vascular risk after a stroke, but only elevated triglycerides/HDL-C ratio is related to risk of recurrent stroke. Future studies should assess the role of triglycerides/HDL-C as a potential therapeutic target for global vascular risk reduction after stroke.
Source: Stroke - October 27, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Park, J.-H., Lee, J., Ovbiagele, B. Tags: Other Stroke Treatment - Medical Clinical Sciences Source Type: research