Nutrition: Vitamin B9
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ST-elevation myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism, and cerebral ischemic stroke in a patient with critically low levels of natural anticoagulants
Publication date: Available online 22 November 2019Source: Journal of Cardiology CasesAuthor(s): Elena Vladimirovna Reznik, Ekaterina Sergeevna Shcherbakova, Svetlana Vasilievna Borisovskaya, Yurij Valerevich Gavrilov, Tatyana Mikhailovna Pajeva, Sergey Vladislavovich Lepkov, Aleksej Borisovich Mironkov, Eliso Murmanovna Dzhobava, Igor Gennadievich NikitinAbstractThis clinical case report describes the simultaneous development of an acute myocardial infarction, stroke, and a massive pulmonary thromboembolism in a 44-year-old patient — a carrier of the thrombophilia gene polymorphisms: MTHFR C677T, А1298C, PAI-1 4G/5G, I...
Source: Journal of Cardiology Cases - November 23, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Effect of Vitamin B12 Levels on the Association Between Folic Acid Treatment and CKD Progression: A Post Hoc Analysis of a Folic Acid Interventional Trial
ConclusionsFolic acid treatment was associated with a greater reduction in the odds of CKD progression among patients with mild to moderate CKD and higher B12 levels.FundingGovernment funding (National Key Research and Development Program of China).
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - October 17, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Association of plasma homocysteine level with vaso-occlusive crisis in sickle cell anemia patients of Odisha, India
AbstractVascular complications of sickle cell anemia (SCA) are influenced by many factors. Elevated plasma homocysteine (Hcy) is supposed to be an independent risk factor and is either genetic or nutritional origin. The present study evaluated the plasma Hcy level, MTHFR C677T gene polymorphism, effect of folic acid (FA) supplementation ‚ and hemato-biochemical parameters in SCA and their effect on the vaso-occlusive crisis (VOC) in SCA patients of an Asian-Indian haplotype population. One hundred twenty cases of SCA (HbSS) and 50 controls with normal hemoglobin(HbAA) were studied. It was found that the plasma Hcy level ...
Source: Annals of Hematology - September 9, 2019 Category: Hematology Source Type: research
The effect of folic acid in patients with cardiovascular disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Conclusion: This meta-analysis suggested that folic acid supplementation significantly reduced the risk of stroke in patients with CVD.
Source: Medicine - September 1, 2019 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Source Type: research
Effect of Intensive Blood Pressure Control on Carotid Morphology and Hemodynamics in Chinese Patients with Hyperhomocysteinemia-Type Hypertension and High Risk of Stroke.
CONCLUSIONS Intensive blood pressure management could be beneficial for Chinese patients with hyperhomocysteinemia-type hypertension and high risk of stroke. PMID: 31369520 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - August 3, 2019 Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
Combinational effect of angiotensin receptor blocker and folic acid therapy on uric acid and creatinine level in hyperhomocysteinemia associated hypertension
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved
Source: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry - July 17, 2019 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Yogendra Singh, Vijaya Paul Samuel, Sunita Dahiya, Gaurav Gupta, Ritu Gillhotra, Anurag Mishra, Mahaveer Singh, Nagaraja SreeHarsha, Shiva Kumar Gubbiyappa, Murtaza M. Tambuwala, Dinesh Kumar Chellappan, Kamal Dua Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Effects of Nutritional Supplements and Dietary Interventions on Cardiovascular Outcomes: An Umbrella Review and Evidence Map.
Conclusion: Reduced salt intake, omega-3 LC-PUFA use, and folate supplementation could reduce risk for some cardiovascular outcomes in adults. Combined calcium plus vitamin D might increase risk for stroke. Primary Funding Source: None. PMID: 31284304 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of Internal Medicine - July 9, 2019 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Khan SU, Khan MU, Riaz H, Valavoor S, Zhao D, Vaughan L, Okunrintemi V, Riaz IB, Khan MS, Kaluski E, Murad MH, Blaha MJ, Guallar E, Michos ED Tags: Ann Intern Med Source Type: research
Physiological and pathophysiological significance of vitamin B9. Summary on the occasion of the 30-year introduction of folic acid as a dietary supplement.
Abstract Vitamin B9, also known as folate, can be found in natural and synthetic forms, mostly in vegetables or folic acid containing food supplements. By participating in the proper cell development and division, its presence is indispensable for certain basic metabolic processes. The decreased folate level of the body, mainly caused by environmental and hereditary factors as well as aging, can lead to genetic, epigenetic and metabolic changes. It can be related to the development of megaloblastic anemia, various cardiovascular diseases (such as atherosclerosis, stroke) obstetrical complications (such as abruptio...
Source: Orvosi Hetilap - July 1, 2019 Category: General Medicine Authors: Zsigrai S, Kalmár A, Valcz G, Szigeti KA, Barták BK, Nagy ZB, Igaz P, Tulassay Z, Molnár B Tags: Orv Hetil Source Type: research
Folic acid deficiency enhanced microglial immune response via the Notch1/nuclear factor kappa B p65 pathway in hippocampus following rat brain I/R injury and BV2 cells.
Abstract Recent studies revealed that folic acid deficiency (FD) increased the likelihood of stroke and aggravated brain injury after focal cerebral ischaemia. The microglia-mediated inflammatory response plays a crucial role in the complicated pathologies that lead to ischaemic brain injury. However, whether FD is involved in the activation of microglia and the neuroinflammation after experimental stroke and the underlying mechanism is still unclear. The aim of the present study was to assess whether FD modulates the Notch1/nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) pathway and enhances microglial immune response in a rat m...
Source: J Cell Mol Med - May 13, 2019 Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Cheng M, Yang L, Dong Z, Wang M, Sun Y, Liu H, Wang X, Sai N, Huang G, Zhang X Tags: J Cell Mol Med Source Type: research
A Novel Homozygous Non-sense Mutation in the Catalytic Domain of MTHFR Causes Severe 5,10-Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase Deficiency
Conclusion: We identified a novel non-sense mutation in MTHFR gene in a single Egyptian family with severe MTHFR deficiency. The present investigation is clinically important, as it adds to the growing list of MTHFR mutations, which might help in genetic counseling of families of affected children and proper genotype-phenotype correlation. Background Severe 5,10-Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR; OMIM 236250) deficiency is a rare inborn error of metabolism and inherited in an autosomal recessive fashion. It is a very common disorder of folate metabolism and is clinically characterized with low plasma methion...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - April 24, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Prediction Model for the Efficacy of Folic Acid Therapy on Hyperhomocysteinaemia based on genetic risk score methods.
Abstract No risk assessment tools for the efficacy of folic acid treatment for hyperhomocysteinaemia (HHcy) have been developed. We aimed to use two common genetic risk score (GRS) methods to construct prediction models for the efficacy of folic acid therapy on HHcy, and the best gene-environment prediction model was screened out. A prospective cohort study enrolling 638 HHcy patients was performed. We used logistic regression model to estimate the associations of two GRS methods with the efficacy. Performances were compared using area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). The simple count genet...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - April 2, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Du B, Zhang C, Yue L, Ren B, Zhao Q, Li D, He Y, Zhang W Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research
Efficacy of aflibercept with FOLFOX and maintenance with fluoropyrimidine as first ‑line therapy for metastatic colorectal cancer: GERCOR VELVET phase II study.
In this study, we evaluated the effects of aflibercept in first‑line therapy with FOLFOX followed by maintenance with fluoropyrimidine. VELVET was a prospective, single‑arm multicenter phase II study (completed). Patients with previously untreated, unresectable, evaluable or measurable mCRC, with an age ≥18 years, and an ECOG performance status of 0‑2 received 6 cycles of modified FOLFOX7 (5‑FU/folinic acid and oxaliplatin) with aflibercept at 4 mg/kg every 2 weeks followed by maintenance therapy with fluoropyrimidine with aflibercept until disease progression or limiting toxicity. The reintroduction of oxa...
Source: International Journal of Oncology - February 1, 2019 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Chibaudel B, Bachet JB, André T, Auby D, Desramé J, Deplanque G, Lecaille C, Louvet C, Tournigand C, Lebrun-Ly V, Dauba J, Lledo G, Garcia ML, Dubreuil O, Hamed NB, Meurisse A, Larsen AK, Tijeras-Raballand A, Bonnetain F, De Gramont A Tags: Int J Oncol Source Type: research
Plasma retinol and the risk of first stroke in hypertensive adults: a nested case-control study.
Conclusions: Our data showed a significant inverse association between plasma retinol and the risk of first stroke among Chinese hypertensive adults. This study was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00794885. PMID: 30624586 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - January 9, 2019 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yu Y, Zhang H, Song Y, Lin T, Zhou Z, Guo H, Liu L, Wang B, Liu C, Li J, Zhang Y, Huo Y, Wang C, Wang X, Hou FF, Qin X, Xu X Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research
The modifying effect of the MTHFR genotype on the association between folic acid supplementation and pulse wave velocity: Findings from the CSPPT
ConclusionIn a subgroup of Chinese hypertensive patients who had received 5 ‐year antihypertensive therapy, increases in folate status were associated with higher reductions in PWV, and individuals with the CC genotype showed greatest PWV response to folic acid supplementation.
Source: Cardiovascular Therapeutics - November 20, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Xin Yang, Minghua Zhang, Rensheng Song, Changfu Liu, Yong Huo, Geng Qian Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
Review: Folic acid may reduce risk for CVD and stroke, and B-vitamin complex may reduce risk for stroke.
PMID: 30326088 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Annals of Internal Medicine - October 16, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Aung K, Htay T Tags: Ann Intern Med Source Type: research
Folic Acid Exerts Post-Ischemic Neuroprotection In Vitro Through HIF-1 α Stabilization
AbstractThe constant failure of single-target drug therapies for ischemic stroke necessitates the development of novel pleiotropic pharmacological treatment approaches, to effectively combat the aftermath of this devastating disorder. The major objective of our study involves a multi-target drug repurposing strategy to stabilize hypoxia-inducible factor-1 α (HIF-1α) via a structure-based screening approach to simultaneously inhibit its regulatory proteins, PHD2, FIH, and pVHL. Out of 1424 Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved drugs that were screened, folic acid (FA) emerged as the top hit and its binding potential...
Source: Molecular Neurobiology - October 5, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research
A genetic deficiency in folic acid metabolism impairs recovery after ischemic stroke.
Abstract Stroke is a leading cause of disability and death world-wide and nutrition is a modifiable risk factor for stroke. Metheylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is an enzyme involved in the metabolism of folic acid, a B-vitamin. In humans, a polymorphism in MTHFR (677C→T) is linked to increased risk of stroke, but the mechanisms remain unknown. The Mthfr+/- mice mimic a phenotype described in humans at bp677. Using this mouse model, the aim of this study was to investigate the impact of MTHFR deficiency on stroke outcome. Male Mthfr+/- and wildtype littermate control mice were aged (~1.5-year-old) and tr...
Source: Experimental Neurology - July 25, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Jadavji NM, Emmerson JT, Shanmugalingam U, MacFarlane AJ, Willmore WG, Smith PD Tags: Exp Neurol Source Type: research
The current status of homocysteine as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease: a mini review.
Authors: Chrysant SG, Chrysant GS Abstract INTRODUCTION: Hyperhomocysteinemia has been considered as a risk factor for systemic atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and stroke and many epidemiologic and case-controlled studies have demonstrated its association with these complications. In addition, treatment of hyperhomocysteinemia with folic acid ± B vitamins prevents the development of atherosclerosis, CVD and strokes. However, subsequent prospective, randomized, placebo- controlled trials have not shown an association of high homocysteine levels or their lowering with treatment with the incidence of at...
Source: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy - July 8, 2018 Category: Cardiology Tags: Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther Source Type: research
A True Hematologic Emergency
BY GREGORY TAYLOR, DO, & JACKLYN MCPARLANE, DOA 33-year-old woman with a past medical history of sickle cell SS presented to the emergency department with chest pain, difficulty breathing, and a cough for two days. Her chest pain was diffuse, without radiation, and partially reproducible. Her cough was nonproductive, and she also reported fever and chills.The patient noted this was different from her normal back and leg pain from past sickle cell crises. She was following up with a sickle cell specialist, and was compliant with her hydroxyurea treatment.Her temperature was 102.8°F, blood pressure was 94/60 mm...
Source: The Case Files - June 26, 2018 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: research
Folic acid supplements can reduce the risk of stroke by 73% in hypertensive patients
(Natural News) Expectant mothers are quite familiar with the importance of ensuring they get enough folic acid to help prevent birth defects like spina bifida, but it turns out that there’s another group who can benefit greatly from this vitamin: adults with hypertension. According to a study published in the Journal of the American College...
Source: NaturalNews.com - June 1, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Folic Acid May Cut Stroke Risk in High-Risk Hypertensive Patients
MONDAY, May 7, 2018 -- Hypertensive patients may lower their stroke risk with folic acid supplements, according to a study published in the May 15 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. Xiangyi Kong, M.D., from Peking University...
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - May 7, 2018 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
The power of folic-acid: Supplements can slash a stroke by almost 75%
Researchers from Peking University found that adults with hypertension who take folic acid, alongside blood-pressure medication, every day for four years are 73 per cent less at risk of stroke.
Source: the Mail online | Health - May 7, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Correction to: Effect of Smoking and Folate Levels on the Efficacy of Folic Acid Therapy in Prevention of Stroke in Hypertensive Men Correction
Source: Stroke - February 26, 2018 Category: Neurology Tags: Corrections Source Type: research
Effect of Smoking and Folate Levels on the Efficacy of Folic Acid Therapy in Prevention of Stroke in Hypertensive Men Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Baseline folate levels and smoking status can interactively affect the risk of first stroke. Our data suggest that compared with never smokers, ever smokers may require a higher dosage of folic acid to achieve a greater beneficial effect on stroke. Our findings need to be confirmed by future randomized trials.Clinical Trial Registration—URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00794885.
Source: Stroke - December 22, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Ziyi Zhou, Jianping Li, Yaren Yu, Youbao Li, Yan Zhang, Lishun Liu, Yun Song, Min Zhao, Yu Wang, Genfu Tang, Mingli He, Xiping Xu, Yefeng Cai, Qiang Dong, Delu Yin, Xiao Huang, Xiaoshu Cheng, Binyan Wang, Fan Fan Hou, Xiaobin Wang, Xianhui Qin, Yong Huo Tags: Primary Prevention, Hypertension, Treatment, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research
Association between percent decline in serum total homocysteine and risk of first stroke
Conclusions: Percent lowering in tHcy was significantly associated with a reduction in first stroke risk in Chinese adults with hypertension, and if further confirmed, may serve as a useful indicator for folic acid treatment efficacy on stroke prevention. Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT00794885.
Source: Neurology - November 13, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Huang, X., Li, Y., Li, P., Li, J., Bao, H., Zhang, Y., Wang, B., Sun, N., Wang, J., He, M., Yin, D., Tang, G., Chen, Y., Cui, Y., Huang, Y., Hou, F. F., Qin, X., Huo, Y., Cheng, X. Tags: Stroke prevention, All Clinical trials ARTICLE Source Type: research
Influence of renal function on the association between homocysteine level and risk of ischemic stroke.
We examined whether the association between total homocysteine (tHCY) and risk of ischemic stroke (IS) varies depending on renal function to gain insight into why tHCY-lowering vitamins do not reduce the incidence of cardiovascular disease in clinical trials. We analyzed data from 542 IS patients with large artery atherosclerosis (LAA) or small artery occlusion (SAO) after stratification by estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) to evaluate renal function. We found that tHCY level was positively associated with the occurrence of IS in both LAA (OR: 1.159, 95% CI: 1.074-1.252, P<0.001) and SAO (OR: 1.143, 95% CI: 1....
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - November 10, 2017 Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
Folic Acid Supplementation for Stroke Prevention in Patients With Cardiovascular Disease.
CONCLUSIONS: Our meta-analysis demonstrated that folic acid supplementation is effective in stroke prevention in patients with CVD. PMID: 29078842 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of the Medical Sciences - October 1, 2017 Category: General Medicine Authors: Tian T, Yang KQ, Cui JG, Zhou LL, Zhou XL Tags: Am J Med Sci Source Type: research
A specific dietary intervention to restore brain structure and function after ischemic stroke
Occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCAo) is among the most common causes of ischemic stroke in humans. Cerebral ischemia leads to brain lesions existing of an irreversibly injured core and an ischemic boundary zone, the penumbra, containing damaged but potentially salvageable tissue. Using a transient occlusion (30 min) of the middle cerebral artery (tMCAo) mouse model in this cross-institutional study we investigated the neurorestorative efficacy of a dietary approach (Fortasyn) comprising docosahexaenoic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, uridine, choline, phospholipids, folic acid, vitamins B12, B6, C, and E, and seleni...
Source: Theranostics - September 12, 2017 Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Maximilian Wiesmann, Bastian Zinnhardt, Dirk Reinhardt, Sarah Eligehausen, Lydia Wachsmuth, Sven Hermann, Pieter J Dederen, Marloes Hellwich, Michael T Kuhlmann, Laus M Broersen, Arend Heerschap, Andreas H Jacobs, Amanda J Kiliaan Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
B vitamins in stroke prevention: time to reconsider
Publication date: September 2017 Source:The Lancet Neurology, Volume 16, Issue 9 Author(s): J David Spence, Qilong Yi, Graeme J Hankey B vitamin therapy lowers plasma total homocysteine concentrations, and might be a beneficial intervention for stroke prevention; however, cyanocobalamin (a form of vitamin B12) can accelerate decline in renal function and increase the risk of cardiovascular events in patients with impaired renal function. Although early trials did not show benefit in reduction of stroke, these results might have been due to harm in participants with impaired renal function. In patients with diabetic nephro...
Source: The Lancet Neurology - August 9, 2017 Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Meta-analysis of folic acid efficacy trials in stroke prevention: Insight into effect modifiers
Conclusions: Folic acid supplementation could reduce the stroke risk in regions without folic acid fortification, particularly in trials using a relatively low dosage of folic acid and with low vitamin B12 levels.
Source: Neurology - May 8, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Zhao, M., Wu, G., Li, Y., Wang, X., Hou, F. F., Xu, X., Qin, X., Cai, Y. Tags: Stroke prevention, All Cerebrovascular disease/Stroke, Clinical trials Randomized controlled (CONSORT agreement), All epidemiology ARTICLE Source Type: research
Longitudinal association between fasting blood glucose concentrations and first stroke in hypertensive adults in China: effect of folic acid intervention Cardiovascular disease risk
Conclusions: In Chinese hypertensive adults, an FBG concentration ≥7.0 mmol/L or diabetes is associated with an increased risk of first stroke; this increased risk is reduced by 34% with folic acid treatment. These findings warrant additional investigation. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00794885.
Source: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - March 1, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Xu, R. B., Kong, X., Xu, B. P., Song, Y., Ji, M., Zhao, M., Huang, X., Li, P., Cheng, X., Chen, F., Zhang, Y., Tang, G., Qin, X., Wang, B., Hou, F. F., Dong, Q., Chen, Y., Yang, T., Sun, N., Li, X., Zhao, L., Ge, J., Ji, L., Huo, Y., Li, J. Tags: Cardiovascular disease risk Source Type: research
Folic acid therapy reduces serum uric acid in hypertensive patients: a substudy of the China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial (CSPPT).
CONCLUSIONS: Enalapril-folic acid therapy, compared with enalapril alone, can significantly reduce the magnitude of the increase of UA concentrations in hypertensive adults. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00794885. PMID: 28148501 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - February 1, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Qin X, Li Y, He M, Tang G, Yin D, Liang M, Wang B, Nie J, Huo Y, Xu X, Hou FF Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research
Longitudinal association between fasting blood glucose concentrations and first stroke in hypertensive adults in China: effect of folic acid intervention.
CONCLUSIONS: In Chinese hypertensive adults, an FBG concentration ≥7.0 mmol/L or diabetes is associated with an increased risk of first stroke; this increased risk is reduced by 34% with folic acid treatment. These findings warrant additional investigation. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT00794885. PMID: 28122783 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - January 25, 2017 Category: Nutrition Authors: Xu RB, Kong X, Xu BP, Song Y, Ji M, Zhao M, Huang X, Li P, Cheng X, Chen F, Zhang Y, Tang G, Qin X, Wang B, Hou FF, Dong Q, Chen Y, Yang T, Sun N, Li X, Zhao L, Ge J, Ji L, Huo Y, Li J Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research
Efficacy of Folic Acid Therapy on the Progression of Chronic Kidney Disease The Renal Substudy of the China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial
In this substudy of eligible China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial (CSPPT), 15 104 participants with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) 30 mL/min/1.73 m2 or greater, were randomized to receive a single tablet daily containing 10 mg enalapril and 0.8 mg folic acid (n = 7545) or 10 mg enalapril alone (n = 7559). Overall, 15 104 Chinese adults with a mean (range) age of 60 (45-75) years were recruited; median follow-up was 4.4 years. There were 164 and 132 primary events in the enalapril group and the enalapril-folic acid group, respectively. Compared with the enalapril group, the enalap...
Source: Nephrology Now - November 11, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Nephrology Now editors Tags: Chronic Kidney Disease Clinical Nephrology Source Type: research
Folic Acid Therapy Reduces the First Stroke Risk Associated With Hypercholesterolemia Among Hypertensive Patients Clinical Sciences
Background and Purpose—We sought to determine whether folic acid supplementation can independently reduce the risk of first stroke associated with elevated total cholesterol levels in a subanalysis using data from the CSPPT (China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial), a double-blind, randomized controlled trial.Methods—A total of 20 702 hypertensive adults without a history of major cardiovascular disease were randomly assigned to a double-blind daily treatment of an enalapril 10-mg and a folic acid 0.8-mg tablet or an enalapril 10-mg tablet alone. The primary outcome was first stroke.Results—The median treatment durat...
Source: Stroke - October 24, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Qin, X., Li, J., Spence, J. D., Zhang, Y., Li, Y., Wang, X., Wang, B., Sun, N., Chen, F., Guo, J., Yin, D., Sun, L., Tang, G., He, M., Fu, J., Cai, Y., Shi, X., Ye, P., Chen, H., Zhao, S., Chen, M., Gao, C., Kong, X., Hou, F. F., Huang, Y., Huo, Y. Tags: Clinical Studies, Diet and Nutrition, Primary Prevention, Hypertension, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research
Effectiveness of Gotu Kola Extract 750 mg and 1000 mg Compared with Folic Acid 3 mg in Improving Vascular Cognitive Impairment after Stroke.
This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of gotu kola (Centella asiatica) in improving cognitive function in patients with vascular cognitive impairment (VCI). This study uses a quasi-experimental design. Subjects in this study were patients with poststroke cognitive impairment who were treated at two hospitals in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The number of subjects was 48: 17 subjects were treated with 1000 mg/day of gotu kola extract, 17 subjects treated with 750 mg/day of gotu kola extract, and 14 subjects treated with 3 mg/day of folic acid for 6 weeks. A Montreal Cognitive Assessment-Indonesian version (MoCA-Ina...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - June 25, 2016 Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Efficacy of folic acid in primary prevention of stroke among patients with hypertension in China
After folic acid had been documented to reduce birth defects, the United States mandated folic acid food fortification in grain products in 1996 and implemented the policy by 1998.1 Around this time, controversy surfaced on adverse effects of folic acid, namely its possible role in promoting carcinogenesis. However, data over the next decade failed to provide sufficient evidence to support such a claim.1,2 In addition to decreasing neural tube defects, folic acid supplementation has been hypothesized to decrease the risk of stroke and cardiovascular events; however, among the multiple randomized controlled studies thus far...
Source: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension - August 18, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sangita Goel, Franz H. Messerli Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
In Chinese adults with hypertension, adding folic acid to enalapril reduced incident stroke.
PMID: 26192588 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Annals of Internal Medicine - July 21, 2015 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Barer D Tags: Ann Intern Med Source Type: research
Hypertension: Folic acid reduces stroke risk
Nature Reviews Cardiology 12, 257 (2015). doi:10.1038/nrcardio.2015.45 Author: João H. Duarte Several randomized trials have shown no beneficial effect of folic acid in preventing cardiovascular disease, but some reports have suggested that folic acid supplementation might decrease the incidence of stroke. In a new study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, the
Source: Nature Reviews Cardiology - March 31, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: João H. Duarte Tags: Research Highlight Source Type: research
Folic acid, a B vitamin, lowers stroke risk in people with high blood pressure
If you’re among the one in three American adults with high blood pressure, be sure you’re getting plenty of the B vitamin known as folate. Doing so may lower your odds of having a stroke, an often disabling or deadly event linked to high blood pressure, a new study suggests. Folate occurs naturally in many foods, but especially green leafy vegetables, beans, and citrus fruits. Here in the United States, add to the list most grain products, including wheat flour, cornmeal, pasta, and rice. They are fortified with the synthetic version of folate, known as folic acid. That’s not the case in many countries ar...
Source: New Harvard Health Information - March 18, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Julie Corliss Tags: Drugs and Supplements Hypertension and Stroke high blood pressure Source Type: news
Folic Acid May Help Ward Off Stroke in People With High Blood Pressure
Title: Folic Acid May Help Ward Off Stroke in People With High Blood PressureCategory: Health NewsCreated: 3/15/2015 12:00:00 AMLast Editorial Review: 3/16/2015 12:00:00 AM
Source: MedicineNet High Blood Pressure General - March 16, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news
Folic Acid Supplementation Helps Reduce Stroke Risk in Certain Populations (FREE)
By Amy Orciari Herman Edited by Susan Sadoughi, MD, and André Sofair, MD, MPH Supplementation with folic acid might help prevent stroke in adults with hypertension — particularly in those with low serum folate levels — according to …
Source: Physician's First Watch current issue - March 16, 2015 Category: Primary Care Source Type: news
Folic Acid May Help Ward Off Stroke in People with High Blood Pressure
Chinese study found significantly lower rates in those who got an extra supply of the nutrient Source: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Pages: Folic Acid, High Blood Pressure, Stroke
Source: MedlinePlus Health News - March 15, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Folic Acid for Stroke Prevention in Hypertension
Interview with Xiaobin Wang, MD, ScD, author of Efficacy of Folic Acid Therapy in Primary Prevention of Stroke Among Adults With Hypertension in China: The CSPPT Randomized Clinical Trial
Source: JAMA Author Interviews - March 15, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Authors: The JAMA Network Source Type: podcasts
Folic acid supplementation among adults with hypertension reduces risk of stroke
(The JAMA Network Journals) In a study that included more than 20,000 adults in China with high blood pressure but without a history of stroke or heart attack, the combined use of the hypertension medication enalapril and folic acid, compared with enalapril alone, significantly reduced the risk of first stroke, according to a study appearing in JAMA. The study is being released to coincide with its presentation at the American College of Cardiology Annual Scientific Session.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - March 15, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news
Efficacy of Folic Acid Therapy in Primary Prevention of Stroke Among Adults With Hypertension in China The CSPPT Randomized Clinical Trial
Conclusions and RelevanceAmong adults with hypertension in China without a history of stroke or MI, the combined use of enalapril and folic acid, compared with enalapril alone, significantly reduced the risk of first stroke. These findings are consistent with benefits from folate use among adults with hypertension and low baseline folate levels.Trial Registrationclinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00794885
Source: JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association - March 15, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research