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Total 9 results found since Jan 2013.

Rutin protects hemorrhagic stroke development via supressing oxidative stress and inflammatory events in a zebrafish model
Eur J Pharmacol. 2022 Apr 22:174973. doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2022.174973. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTIntracerebral haemorrhagic (ICH) stroke is a major cause of death and disability globally, with no proper treatment available so far. Rutin, a dietary flavonoid, has shown protection against cerebral ischemic stroke due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory attributes. However, the efficacy of rutin against ICH stroke remained unexplored. Therefore, in the current study, we investigated the effect of rutin in an ICH stroke zebrafish larva model. The larvae were exposed to atorvastatin (1.25 μM) in system water for indu...
Source: European Journal of Pharmacology - April 26, 2022 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Anil Kumar Rana Supriya Sharma Shiv Kumar Saini Damanpreet Singh Source Type: research

Preventable Cases of Oral Anticoagulant-Induced Bleeding: Data From the Spontaneous Reporting System
Conclusion: Our findings describe the most reported risk factors for preventability of oral anticoagulant-induced bleedings. These factors may be useful for targeting interventions to improve pharmacovigilance activities in our regional territory and to reduce the burden of medication errors and inappropriate prescription. Introduction Oral anticoagulant therapy is widely used for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with atrial fibrillation, or for the prevention and treatment of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism (Raj et al., 1994; Monaco et al., 2017). Oral anticoagulants can be di...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - April 29, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Effect of high-dose atorvastatin therapy accompanied by discontinuation of cholesterol-rich diet on color-doppler ultrasonography parameters of atherosclerotic carotid artery
Aim: Atherosclerosis is the underlying reason for nearly all causes of coronary artery disease and peripheral arterial disease and many cases of stroke. Carotid color-Doppler ultrasonography is a popular tool for evaluating atherosclerosis of the carotid artery. The aim of this study was to generate a rabbit model of carotid arterial atherosclerotic stenosis and the subsequent investigating the effect of high-dose atorvastatin therapy on color-Doppler ultrasonography parameters in this model.
Source: Atherosclerosis - August 1, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: Hossein Mehrad, Manijhe Mokhtari-Dizaji, Hossein Ghanaati Source Type: research

Effectiveness of polypill for primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases (PolyIran): a pragmatic, cluster-randomised trial
Publication date: 24–30 August 2019Source: The Lancet, Volume 394, Issue 10199Author(s): Gholamreza Roshandel, Masoud Khoshnia, Hossein Poustchi, Karla Hemming, Farin Kamangar, Abdolsamad Gharavi, Mohammad Reza Ostovaneh, Alireza Nateghi, Masoud Majed, Behrooz Navabakhsh, Shahin Merat, Akram Pourshams, Mahdi Nalini, Fatemeh Malekzadeh, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Noushin Mohammadifard, Nizal Sarrafzadegan, Mohammad Naemi-Tabiei, Abdolreza Fazel, Paul BrennanSummaryBackgroundA fixed-dose combination therapy (polypill strategy) has been proposed as an approach to reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease, especially in low-income ...
Source: The Lancet - August 23, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Kanglexin, a new anthraquinone compound, attenuates lipid accumulation by activating the AMPK/SREBP-2/PCSK9/LDLR signalling pathway.
In this study, Sprague-Dawley rats were fed a high fat diet (HFD) for 5 weeks to establish a hyperlipidaemia model; then, the rats were orally administered KLX (20, 40, and 80 mg kg-1·d-1) or atorvastatin calcium (AT, 10 mg kg-1·d-1) once a day for 2 weeks. KLX had prominent effects on reducing blood lipids, hepatic lipid accumulation, body weight and the ratio of liver weight/body weight. Furthermore, KLXdramatically reduced the total cholesterol (TC) and triglyceride (TG) levels and lipid accumulation in a HepG2 cell model of dyslipidaemia induced by 1 mmol/L oleic acid (OA). KLX may decrease lipid levels by phosphoryl...
Source: Biomedicine and pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine and pharmacotherapie - November 14, 2020 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Li X, Hu X, Pan T, Dong L, Ding L, Wang Z, Song R, Wang X, Wang N, Zhang Y, Wang J, Yang B Tags: Biomed Pharmacother Source Type: research

A systematic review of randomized clinical trials on the efficacy and safety of pitavastatin
Conclusion The FDA proven indications of pitavastatin are primary dyslipidemia and mixed dyslipidemia as adjunctive therapy to dietary changes to lower total cholesterol, LDL-C, apolipoprotein B (Apo B), triglycerides (TG), and to increase HDL-C. Pitavastatin might be suitable for subjects with diabetes, ACS (reduced revascularization), metabolic syndrome, CKD, HIV, and subjects with low levels of HDL-C. We highly recommend rational individualization for the selection of statin.PMID:35642121 | DOI:10.2174/2772432817666220531115314
Source: Pharmacological Reviews - June 1, 2022 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Asim Ahmed Elnour Judit Don Azza Ramadan Adel Sadeq Abdulla Al Amoodi Kishore Gnana Sam Nadia Al Mazrouei Mohamed A Baraka Farah Hamad Farah Maisoun Alkaabi Source Type: research