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Total 28 results found since Jan 2013.

A Diagnostic Approach to Stroke in Young Adults
Opinion statementOptimal diagnosis and management of stroke in young adults benefit from a multidisciplinary team, including a vascular neurology specialist. In addition to the “standard” vascular risk factors including smoking, hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia, one needs to consider alternative etiologies including substance abuse, carotid/vertebral artery dissections, and rare genetic conditions among others. Once a young patient is determined to have had a stroke, the next question a clinician should ask iswhy did this patient have a stroke? A “heart to head” diagnostic approach is recommended. A thoro...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine - September 25, 2017 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Stroke Prevention: Little-Known and Neglected Aspects
Combining available therapies has the potential to reduce the risk of stroke by 80% or more. A comprehensive review of all aspects of stroke prevention would be very lengthy; in this narrative review, we focus on some aspects of stroke prevention that are little-known and/or neglected. These include the following: (1) implementation of a Mediterranean diet; (2) B vitamins to lower homocysteine; (3) coordinated approaches to smoking cessation; (4) intensive lipid-lowering therapy; (5) lipid lowering in the elderly; (6) physiologically individualized therapy for hypertension based on renin/aldosterone phenotyping; (7) avoidi...
Source: Cerebrovascular Diseases - May 27, 2021 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Association Between Proton Pump Inhibitor Use and Risk of  Stroke
We read with interest the article by Nguyen et  al1 evaluating the association between proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use and ischemic stroke. The authors found that PPI use was associated with a significant increase in the risk of ischemic stroke after adjustment for established risk factors for stroke including smoking status, body mass index, p hysical activity, dietary quality, alcohol use, menopausal hormone use in women, multivitamin use, regular aspirin use, regular nonaspirin nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, use and personal history of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, coronary artery disease, or diabetes.
Source: Gastroenterology - August 6, 2018 Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Cong Dai, Min Jiang, Ming-Jun Sun Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Posterior Circulation Ischaemic Stroke
Am J Med Sci. 2022 Jan 29:S0002-9629(22)00030-1. doi: 10.1016/j.amjms.2021.10.027. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTPosterior circulation ischaemic stroke (PCIS) is a disease of high burden. They account for 20-25% of all ischaemic strokes. However, it is relatively under-researched and requires more clinical attention, since it carries worse functional outcomes. Vertigo, visual disturbances and sensory/motor disturbances are found in PCIS. Large artery atherosclerosis and embolism are main causes of PCIS, while there is growing evidence that vertebrobasilar dolichoectasia is a key association. Hypertension is the commonest r...
Source: The American Journal of the Medical Sciences - February 1, 2022 Category: General Medicine Authors: Mr Alexander Ng Source Type: research

Stenosis Length and Degree Interact With the Risk of Cerebrovascular Events Related to Internal Carotid Artery Stenosis
Conclusion: We found a statistically insignificant tendency for the ultrasound-measured length of sICAS<70% to be longer than that of sICAS≥70%. Moreover, the ultrasound-measured length of sICAS<90% was significantly longer than that of sICAS 90%. Among patients with sICAS≥70%, the degree and length of stenosis were inversely correlated. Larger studies are needed before a clinical implication can be drawn from these results. Introduction Internal carotid artery stenosis (ICAS) causes around one-fifth of ischemic cerebrovascular stroke and has the highest risk of early stroke recurrence...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - April 8, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Janssen Highlights Continued Commitment to Cardiovascular & Metabolic Healthcare Solutions with Late-Breaking Data at the First Fully Virtual American College of Cardiology Scientific Session
RARITAN, N.J., March 20, 2020 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson announced today that it will unveil late-breaking data from its leading cardiovascular and metabolism portfolio during the virtual American College of Cardiology’s 69th Annual Scientific Session together with the World Congress of Cardiology (ACC.20/WCC) on March 28-30, 2020. Notably, four late-breaking abstracts for XARELTO® (rivaroxaban) will be presented, including data from the Phase 3 VOYAGER PAD study in patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) after lower-extremity revascularization.Click to Tweet: Jan...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - March 20, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

FDA Approves Two New Indications for XARELTO ® (rivaroxaban) to Help Prevent and Treat Blood Clots in Pediatric Patients
RARITAN, NJ, Dec. 20, 2021 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson announced today that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved two pediatric indications for XARELTO® (rivaroxaban): the treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE, or blood clots) and reduction in the risk of recurrent VTE in patients from birth to less than 18 years after at least five days of initial parenteral (injected or intravenous) anticoagulant treatment; and thromboprophylaxis (prevention of blood clots and blood-clot related events) in children aged two years and older with congenital heart disease who have...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - December 21, 2021 Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news

Janssen Submits New Drug Application to U.S. FDA for XARELTO ® (rivaroxaban) to Help Prevent and Treat Blood Clots in Pediatric Patients
RARITAN, NJ, June 23, 2021 – The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson announced today it has submitted a New Drug Application (NDA) to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the use of XARELTO® (rivaroxaban) in pediatric patients. The NDA seeks two pediatric indications: treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE, or blood clots) and reduction in the risk of recurrent VTE in patients aged birth to less than 18 years of age after at least five days of initial parenteral anticoagulant treatment; and thromboprophylaxis (prevention of blood clots) in patients aged 2 years and older with congenita...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - June 23, 2021 Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news

Aspirin Lowers Your Chances of a Heart Attack. But It ’s Not Safe for Everyone
As medications go, aspirin is often considered a wonder drug. Its pain-reliving, inflammation-taming powers can treat headaches, minor aches and pains and even lower the risk of heart disease, stroke and possibly even dementia. But all of those benefits may come at a price, according to the latest study to analyze aspirin’s risks and benefits, especially for people who take the drug as a way to prevent having a first heart event. In a study published in JAMA, researchers led by Dr. Sean Zheng at King’s College London found that the risks of aspirin — primarily of bleeding in the stomach and intestinal tra...
Source: TIME: Health - January 23, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Alice Park Tags: Uncategorized healthytime Heart Disease Source Type: news

Aspirin Lowers Your Chances of a Heart Attack. But It ’s Not Safe for Everyone, a New Study Says
As medications go, aspirin is often considered a wonder drug. Its pain-relieving, inflammation-taming powers can treat headaches, minor aches and pains and even lower the risk of heart disease, stroke and possibly even dementia. But all of those benefits may come at a price, according to the latest study to analyze aspirin’s risks and benefits, especially for people who take the drug as a way to prevent having a first heart event. In a study published in JAMA, researchers led by Dr. Sean Zheng at King’s College London found that the risks of aspirin — primarily of bleeding in the stomach and intestinal tr...
Source: TIME: Health - January 23, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Alice Park Tags: Uncategorized healthytime Heart Disease Source Type: news

Daily Aspirin No Longer Recommended To Prevent Heart Attacks In Older Adults
(CNN) — If you’re a healthy older adult looking for ways to reduce your risk of heart attack and stroke, don’t turn to that age-old standby: daily low-dose aspirin. It’s no longer recommended as a preventative for older adults who don’t have a high risk or existing heart disease, according to guidelines announced Sunday by the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association. “For the most part, we are now much better at treating risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes and especially high cholesterol,” said North Carolina cardiologist Dr. Kevin Campbell, who wa...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - March 18, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health News aspirin CNN Source Type: news

Invited Commentary: Can Estimation of Sodium Intake Be Improved by Borrowing Information From Other Variables?
AbstractEstimation of dietary sodium intake is problematic. The most accurate measure is average sodium excretion from multiple 24-hour urine collections, but such an approach is impractical. Using data from the Women's Health Initiative, Prentice et al. (Am J Epidemiol. 2017;186(9):1035 –1043) assessed the relationship of calibrated estimates of sodium and potassium excretion with cardiovascular outcomes. The calibrated estimates were a function of self-reported sodium-to-potassium ratio from a food frequency questionnaire, age, body mass index, race, supplement use, smoking stat us, educational level, income, and aspir...
Source: American Journal of Epidemiology - June 14, 2017 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

HIV-positive adults are under-treated for cardiovascular problems compared to those without HIV
This study provides evidence that U.S. policymakers and professional societies should focus on improving the quality of the cardiovascular care that people who are HIV-positive receive.AUTHORSStudy authors are Dr. Joseph Ladapo, Dr. Adam Richards, Cassandra DeWitt, Nina Harawa, Steven Shoptaw, Dr. William Cunningham and Dr. John Mafi, all of UCLA. Mafi is also associated with Rand Corporation.JOURNALThestudy is published in the Journal of the American Heart Association.FUNDINGGrants from the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities, and National Institute of Men...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - November 22, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news