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High BMI: an important health risk factor among older adults in Ghana.
CONCLUSION: Prevalence of obesity and overweight in Ghana is high and increasing, which poses a health risk at the individual and population levels. Inter-sectorial and multidisciplinary measures in line with the national non-communicable disease policies aimed at curbing this trend are imperative. PMID: 33054895 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Public Health Nutrition - October 15, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Yorke E, Tetteh J, Boima V, Yawson AE Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research
Risk Factor Control in Stroke Survivors with Diagnosed and Undiagnosed Diabetes: A Ghanaian Registry Analysis
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), more than 80% of worldwide diabetes (DM)-related deaths presently occur in low- and middle- income countries (LMIC). DM-related deaths is projected to double over the next 20 years.1,2 As of 2012, ∼14 million Africans (4.8%) had diabetes mellitus (DM), and 81% were undiagnosed (vs. 50% worldwide), making Africa the continent with the highest proportion of people with undiagnosed DM.3 Projections for sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) indicate diabetes will rise by 71–23.9 million by 2030 (predicted global increase is 37%).
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - September 22, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Fred Stephen Sarfo, John Akassi, Martin Agyei, Samuel Kontoh, Bruce Ovbiagele Source Type: research
Let Plants be Thy Medicine – You Are What You Eat
Credit: Busani Bafana/IPSBy Esther Ngumbi and Ifeanyi NsoforILLINOIS, United States / ABUJA, Oct 16 2019 (IPS) United Nations World Food Day is celebrated around the world on October 16 under the theme: “Our Actions ARE Our Future. Healthy Diets for a Zero Hunger World”. This theme is timely, especially, because across Africa and around the world, there has been a gradual rise in malnutrition and diet-related non communicable diseases, as highlighted in The Lancet study and a United Nations Report published earlier this year. While 45 percent of deaths in children are from nutrition-related causes, mainly malnu...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - October 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Esther Ngumbi and Ifeanyi Nsofor Tags: Food & Agriculture Global Headlines Health World Food Day Source Type: news
Isolation of Antimicrobial Compounds From Cnestis ferruginea Vahl ex. DC (Connaraceae) Leaves Through Bioassay-Guided Fractionation
Conclusion In conclusion, aqueous extracts of C. ferruginea leaves showed antimicrobial activity due to the presence of hydroquinone and caffeic acid methyl ester. This supports its traditional use for infections and confirmed that the active molecules are water-soluble. Author Contributions KK, SP, LVP, and WL conceived and designed the experiments. SP, KK, M-RY, and J-GL performed the experiments. SP, LVP, WL, M-RY, J-GL, and Z-HJ analyzed the data. WL and Z-HJ contributed reagents, materials, and analysis tools. KK, SP, WL, M-RY, Z-HJ, and LVP contributed to the writing of the manuscript. All authors contributed to m...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - April 10, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
What Causes Microcephaly?
Discussion Microcephaly is usually defined as an occipitofrontal head circumference (OFC) more than 2 standard deviations (SD) below the mean for sex, age and ethnicity. Severe microcephaly is used for OFC < 3 standard deviations. Rates of microcephaly range from 0.5-12 patients/10,000 live births. The OFC should be measured at every well child visit and at other opportunities and plotted on standard growth charts. The OFC is measured using a nonelastic tape measure around the largest part of the head with the tape measure held above the eyebrows and ears. It is a highly reproducible measurement. There are several diff...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - September 25, 2017 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Endocrine Disruptors and Health Effects in Africa: A Call for Action
Conclusion: To address the many challenges posed by EDCs, we argue that Africans should take the lead in prioritization and evaluation of environmental hazards, including EDCs. We recommend the institution of education and training programs for chemical users, adoption of the precautionary principle, establishment of biomonitoring programs, and funding of community-based epidemiology and wildlife research programs led and funded by African institutes and private companies. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP1774 Received: 16 February 2017 Revised: 22 May 2017 Accepted: 24 May 2017 Published: 22 August 2017 Address correspond...
Source: EHP Research - August 23, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Daniil Lyalko Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
Recreation, transportation or labour saving? Examining the association between household asset ownership and body mass index among Ghanaian women
Conclusion The findings indicate that at least one asset among the various domains of household assets examined is associated with either overweight or obesity among Ghanaian women. Also, increased household asset ownership is associated with increased odds of overweight and obesity. Interventions that aim at reducing sedentary and unhealthy dietary behaviours in the phase of increasing asset ownership maybe helpful in addressing the rising prevalence of obesity among Ghanaian women.
Source: BMC Obesity - November 12, 2015 Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Source Type: research
Self-reported cataracts in older adults in Ghana: sociodemographic and health related factors
Conclusions: Cataract is prevalent in older people in Ghana with approximately 1 in 20 people aged 50 years or older reporting a previous diagnosis of cataract. As cataract surgery is restorative, a public health approach on behavioural modification, well structured national outreach eye care services (for rural residents), inclusion of basic eye health services at sub-district levels, increased family support and national health insurance for older persons is indicated.
Source: Epidemiologic Perspectives and Innovations - September 12, 2014 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Alfred E YawsonEdith M Ackuaku-DogbeNana A SeneadzaGeorge MensahNadia MinicuciNirmala NaidooSomnath ChatterjiPaul KowalRichard B Biritwum Source Type: research