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Total 406 results found since Jan 2013.

Cross-diagnostic scale-banking using Rasch analysis: Developing a common reference metric for generic and health condition-specific scales in people with rheumatoid arthritis and stroke.
CONCLUSION: This study provides a transformation table to enable direct comparisons among instruments measuring physical functioning commonly used in rheumatoid arthritis (HAQ) and stroke (FIMTM motor scale), as well as in people with disability in general (WHODAS 2.0). PMID: 32909047 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - September 12, 2020 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Citicoline for treating people with acute ischemic stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: This review assessed the clinical benefits and harms of citicoline compared with placebo or any other standard treatment for people with acute ischemic stroke. The findings of the review suggest there may be little to no difference between citicoline and its controls regarding all-cause mortality, disability or dependence in daily activities, severe adverse events, functional recovery and the assessment of the neurological function, based on low-certainty evidence. None of the included trials assessed quality of life and the safety profile of citicoline remains unknown. The available evidence is of low quality...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - August 28, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Martí-Carvajal AJ, Valli C, Martí-Amarista CE, Solà I, Martí-Fàbregas J, Bonfill Cosp X Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

Stroke literacy in the population of the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia; immediate steps are essential to bridge the gap
Stroke is one of the core non-communicable diseases (NCDs), which is preventable and demands appropriate preventive measures for reducing disease burden.1 Stroke has become the major challenge to health care system in Saudi Arabia (SA). According to the World Health Organization (WHO), stroke was the second commonest cause of death after coronary artery disease with deaths reaching 11, 409, or 11.7% of total deaths. The age adjusted deaths rate was 89.82 per 100,000 population.2 A recently published study reported an incidence rate for the first-time ever stroke as 57.64 per 100,000 person-years.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - August 11, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Azra Zafar, Aishah Ibrahim Albakr, Rizwana Shahid, Saima Nazish, Danah Aljaafari, Fahd Ali Alkhamis, Ahmed Abdulfattah Aldajani, Amir H. Msmar, Ismail A. Khatri Source Type: research

Lifestyle and quality of life in working-age people after stroke.
LIFESTYLE AND QUALITY OF LIFE IN WORKING-AGE PEOPLE AFTER STROKE. Acta Clin Croat. 2020 Mar;59(1):30-36 Authors: Kowalczyk B, Zawadzka B Abstract Recommendations for changing one's lifestyle in the aspect of factors that increase the risk of another stroke are often included in the plan of caring for patients after stroke. The style of life is connected to the quality of life and can be formed not only by socialization but also by conscious work on its health-promoting aspect. Lifestyle is a unique configuration of everyday behavior depending mostly on the quality of life available. The aim of the rese...
Source: Acta Clinica Croatica - July 31, 2020 Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Clin Croat Source Type: research

Impact of post-stroke disability and disability-perception on health-related quality of life of stroke survivors: the moderating effect of disability-severity.
CONCLUSION: Significant disability exists among stroke survivors and impaired their HRQoL while disability-severity moderating the effect. More stroke survivors have positive attitude towards their disability and impact positively on their physical health. PMID: 32573376 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Neurological Research - June 25, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurol Res Source Type: research

The effect of exposure to long working hours on stroke: A systematic review and meta-analysis from the WHO/ILO Joint Estimates of the Work-related Burden of Disease and Injury.
CONCLUSIONS: We judged the existing bodies of evidence for human evidence as "inadequate evidence for harmfulness" for all exposure categories for stroke prevalence and mortality and for exposure to 41-48 h/week for stroke incidence. Evidence on exposure to 48-54 h/week and ≥55 h/week was judged as "limited evidence for harmfulness" and "sufficient evidence for harmfulness" for stroke incidence, respectively. Producing estimates for the burden of stroke attributable to exposures to working 48-54 and ≥55 h/week appears evidence-based, and the pooled effect estimates presented in this systematic review could be used ...
Source: Environment International - June 2, 2020 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Descatha A, Sembajwe G, Pega F, Ujita Y, Baer M, Boccuni F, Di Tecco C, Duret C, Evanoff BA, Gagliardi D, Godderis L, Kang SK, Kim BJ, Li J, Magnusson Hanson LL, Marinaccio A, Ozguler A, Pachito D, Pell J, Pico F, Ronchetti M, Roquelaure Y, Rugulies R, Sc Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Wrist-ankle acupuncture and Fluoxetine in the treatment of post-stroke depression: a randomized controlled clinical trial.
CONCLUSION: The present study showed that WAA combined with fluoxetine can relieve the symptoms of depression after stroke. WAA therapy could improve the antidepressant effect of fluoxetine. PMID: 32506860 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine - May 31, 2020 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: You Y, Zhang T, Shu S, Qian X, Zhou S, Yao F Tags: J Tradit Chin Med Source Type: research

Cardiovascular and stroke disease risk among doctors: a cross-sectional study.
Abstract The leading causes of death in the world are cardiovascular disease (CVD) and stroke according to the World Health Organization, as is also the case in India. There is also a high prevalence of major conventional risk factors in India, where 18.3%, 9.0% and 14.1% of adults are diagnosed with hypertension, diabetes and smoking, respectively. The aim of the present study was to look at the risk of CVD among doctors in our country using a validated tool developed by the National Health Service (NHS) in the UK, the QRISK3 calculator. PMID: 32460685 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Tropical Doctor - May 27, 2020 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Pillay R, Rathish B, Philips GM, Kumar RA, Francis A Tags: Trop Doct Source Type: research

Mental practice for treating upper extremity deficits in individuals with hemiparesis after stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: Moderate-certainty evidence shows that MP in addition to other treatment versus the other treatment appears to be beneficial in improving upper extremity activity. Moderate-certainty evidence also shows that MP in addition to other treatment versus the other treatment appears to be beneficial in improving upper extremity impairment after stroke. Low-certainty evidence suggests that ADLs may not be improved with MP in addition to other treatment versus the other treatment. Low-certainty evidence also suggests that MP versus conventional treatment may not improve upper extremity impairment. Further study is requ...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - May 24, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Barclay RE, Stevenson TJ, Poluha W, Semenko B, Schubert J Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

Pharmacological, psychological and non-invasive brain stimulation interventions for preventing depression after stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: The available evidence suggests that pharmacological interventions and psychological therapy may prevent depression and improve mood after stroke. However, there is very low certainty in these conclusions because of the very low-certainty evidence. More trials are required before reliable recommendations can be made about the routine use of such treatments after stroke. PMID: 32390167 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - May 10, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Allida S, Cox KL, Hsieh CF, House A, Hackett ML Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

Prevalence of stroke survivors in Parakou in northern Benin: A door-to-door community survey.
CONCLUSION: Our study showed a high prevalence of stroke in Titirou and suggested urgent action for prevention. PMID: 32303341 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revue Neurologique - April 20, 2020 Category: Neurology Tags: Rev Neurol (Paris) Source Type: research

Psychometric characteristics of the WHOQOL-SRPB Scale in a population of stroke survivors and caregivers
ConclusionsThe WHOQOL-SRPB scale is a valid, reliable instrument for measuring spirituality in stroke survivors and caregivers. Given the importance of spirituality for stroke survivors and caregivers, the WHOQOL-SRPB scale is recommended as an important tool for clinical practice and research.
Source: Quality of Life Research - February 16, 2020 Category: Health Management Source Type: research

Comparative efficacy of nonpharmaceutical therapy in the treatment of dysphagia after stroke: A protocol for systematic review
Conclusion: This systematic review will provide evidence to assess the validity and safety of applying different types of nonpharmacological treatments for post-stroke dysphagia, which may provide clinicians with more choices in the treatment of this disease. PROSPERO registration number: CRD42019119368.
Source: Medicine - February 1, 2020 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Study Protocol Systematic Review Source Type: research

Management Protocols and Encountered Complications among Stroke Patients Admitted to Stroke Unit of Jimma University Medical Center, Southwest Ethiopia: Prospective Observational study
ConclusionBoth neurologic and medical complications were common in majority of stroke patients. But the management protocol for stroke patients was sub-optimal and lagging behind the recommended guidelines due to lack of skilled personnel, appropriate treatment and diagnostic agents. The clinical team involved in the care of stroke patients should make preparations to take preventive measures that will save a lot of lives.
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - November 15, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

MAMBO: Measuring ambulation, motor, and behavioral outcomes with post-stroke fluoxetine in Tanzania: Protocol of a phase II clinical trial
Sub-Saharan Africa has a high stroke incidence and post-stroke morbidity. An inexpensive pharmacological treatment for stroke recovery would be beneficial to patients in the region. Fluoxetine, currently on the World Health Organization Essential Medicines List, holds promise as a treatment for motor recovery after ischemic stroke, but its effectiveness is controversial and untested in this context in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Source: Journal of the Neurological Sciences - November 5, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: AndreC. Vogel, Kigocha Okeng'o, Faraja Chiwanga, Seif Sharif Ismail, Deus Buma, Lindsay Pothier, Farrah J. Mateen Source Type: research

Predictors of caregiver burden after stroke in Nigeria: Effect on psychosocial well-being.
Conclusion: In this study, psychosocial burden in CGs was indexed by various determinants and impacted QoL negatively. Given the integral role of CGs to the care of SSs in the community, mental health services, psychosocial support programs, and stratification based on known vulnerability factors seems viable options for intervention, assessment, and planning. PMID: 31579140 [PubMed]
Source: Indian Journal of Psychiatry - October 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Indian J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Social Participation Determines Quality of Life Among Urban-Dwelling Older Adults With Stroke in a Developing Country
Conclusion: Social participation and cognition were strong determinants of QoL among urban-dwelling older adults with stroke. Social and recreational activities and cognitive rehabilitation should therefore be evaluated as potential strategies to improve the well-being of older adults affected by stroke.
Source: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy - October 1, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 3582: Overview of Meta-Analyses: The Impact of Dietary Lifestyle on Stroke Risk
The objective of our work is to present an overview of meta-analyses that have investigated the impact of different foods and/or drinks in relationship with the risk of stroke events (ischemic/hemorrhagic). The papers to be included in the overview were found in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, Clinicaltrials.gov, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library and were selected according to the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) flow chart. Quality assessment were made according to the AMSTAR 2 scale. This overview shows that all primary studies came from countries with high income levels. This evide...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - September 24, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Emma Altobelli Paolo Matteo Angeletti Leonardo Rapacchietta Reimondo Petrocelli Tags: Review Source Type: research

Evidence of chronic stroke rehabilitation interventions in activities and participation outcomes: systematic review of meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study show a clear need for high quality RCTs examining the effectiveness of rehabilitation interventions addressing activities and participation. The ICF framework may contribute to a holistic approach in chronic stroke rehabilitation, including not only motor functioning but also the ability to participate in everyday life activities. PMID: 31556508 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - September 22, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: García-Rudolph A, Laxe S, Saurí J, Opisso E, Tormos JM, Bernabeu M Tags: Eur J Phys Rehabil Med Source Type: research

The World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS 2.0) and the WHO Minimal Generic Set of Domains of Functioning and Health versus Conventional Instruments in subacute stroke.
CONCLUSION: Despite their brevity, both generic ICF-based tools seemed useful in finding disabilities for patient- and family-centred goal-setting and service-planning after subacute rehabilitation. PMID: 31402390 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - August 14, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Hemorrhagic stroke following viper bites and delayed antivenom administration: three case reports from the Western Brazilian Amazon
In this report, we present a series of three cases of snakebites that evolved with hemorrhagic stroke due to delays in the access to antivenom in the Brazilian Amazon, being fundamental for diagnosis to validate the clinical suspicion and make decisions that would improve the treatment and prognosis of the patients.
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - July 18, 2019 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

WHO updates its essential medicines list, adds cancer and stroke drugs
The World Health Organization published an updated list of "essential medicines" on Tuesday, adding drugs for cancer, stroke, rheumatoid arthritis and inflammatory bowel disease among the treatments that should be seen as the standard.
Source: Reuters: Health - July 9, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Imprecise eponyms in stroke medicine & #8211; A growing need for uniform terminologies/definitions across the globe
Conclusions: The most imprecise term that continues to be used is “CVA”. The precisely defined entity like “cerebrovascular disease,” which is a group of diseases, continues to be used inappropriately. All the terms are not defined uniformly across the globe, whereas most continue to use the World Health Organisation definition of stroke, defined in the 1970s. It is essential to condemn the use of imprecise terminologies and promote the use of recently defined precise terms “stroke” and “transient ischemic attack (TIA)”....
Source: Neurology India - May 12, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Kamble J Harsha Source Type: research

A Post-hoc Study of D-Amino Acid Oxidase in Blood as an Indicator of Post-stroke Dementia
In conclusion, our data support that plasma DAO levels were increased in PSD patients and correlated with brain WMH, independent of age, gender, hypertension, and renal function. Plasma DAO levels may therefore aid in PSD diagnosis. Introduction Stroke is a risk factor for both vascular dementia and Alzheimer's disease (1, 2). Functional recovery develops over the course of 26 weeks after a stroke (3), but the survivors are often left with disabilities. In addition to the sequelae of acute neuronal damage, the 1-year post-stroke dementia (PSD) rates after first-ever and recurrent stroke are ~10 and 30...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - April 25, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Anxiety in Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke: Risk Factors and Effects on Functional Status
Conclusion: Depressive symptoms are the major correlates of PSA while more severe PSA is associated with poorer ADL and health-related QOL. Acute lesions involving CHWM may correlate with PSA in ischemic stroke patients with mild-to-moderate neurologic deficits, supporting a lesion-location hypothesis in PSA.IntroductionAnxiety is prevalent after stroke and occurs in about one-quarter of stroke survivors (1, 2). Poststroke anxiety (PSA) may have a negative impact on quality of life (QOL) of stroke survivors, affecting their rehabilitation (3). Furthermore, one prospective study found that severe anxiety symptoms were assoc...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - April 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Platelet Count Predicts Adverse Clinical Outcomes After Ischemic Stroke or TIA: Subgroup Analysis of CNSR II
Conclusion: In ischemic stroke or TIA patients with platelet count within normal range, platelet count may be a qualified predictor for long-term recurrent stroke, mortality, and poor functional outcome. Introduction Platelets exert a critical role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic complications of cardio-cerebrovascular disease, contributing to thrombus formation, and embolism (1, 2). Previous literature reported that platelets of various size and density are produced by megakaryocytes of different size and stages of maturation in different clinical conditions, suggesting various platelet patterns in differen...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - April 11, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Diet Drinks Linked To Increased Stroke Risk & Heart Attacks
This study, as well as other research on the connection between diet beverages and vascular disease, is observational and cannot show cause and effect. That’s a major limitation, researchers say, as it’s impossible to determine whether the association is due to a specific artificial sweetener, a type of beverage or another hidden health issue. “Postmenopausal women tend to have higher risk for vascular disease because they are lacking the protective effects of natural hormones,” North Carolina cardiologist Dr. Kevin Campbell said, which could contribute to increased risk for heart disease and stroke...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - February 14, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health News CNN Heart Attack Stroke Source Type: news

Diet Beverages Linked To Increased Stroke Risk & Heart Attacks
This study, as well as other research on the connection between diet beverages and vascular disease, is observational and cannot show cause and effect. That’s a major limitation, researchers say, as it’s impossible to determine whether the association is due to a specific artificial sweetener, a type of beverage or another hidden health issue. “Postmenopausal women tend to have higher risk for vascular disease because they are lacking the protective effects of natural hormones,” North Carolina cardiologist Dr. Kevin Campbell said, which could contribute to increased risk for heart disease and stroke...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - February 14, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health News CNN Heart Attack Stroke Source Type: news

Activities and participation after stroke: validity and reliability of the Turkish version of IMPACT-S questionnaire.
CONCLUSION: The Turkish version of the IMPACT-S is a valid and reliable questionnaire for evaluating activities and participation in patients with stroke. Implications for rehabilitation Patients with stroke experience difficulties across multiple participation domains, such as major life areas and community life. The screener part of the IMpact on Participation and ACTivities (IMPACT-S) questionnaire is the only measure that accurately reflects The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) sections and appears a promising outcome measure in rehabilitation research. The Turkish version of the...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 17, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Aşkın A, Atar E, Tosun A, Demirdal Ü, Koca Ö Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Traditional Chinese medicine for post-stroke depression: A systematic review and network meta-analysis (Protocol)
Conclusion: Our study will generate evidence for TCM in the treatment of PSD and help to reduce the uncertainty about the effectiveness of PSD management, which will encourage further suggestions for TCM clinical practice or guideline.
Source: Medicine - December 1, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Study Protocol Systematic Review Source Type: research

Swallowing therapy for dysphagia in acute and subacute stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: Moderate- and low-quality evidence suggests that swallowing therapy did not have a significant effect on the outcomes of death or dependency/disability, case fatality at the end of the trial, or penetration aspiration score. However, swallowing therapy may have reduced length of hospital stay, dysphagia, and chest infections, and may have improved swallowing ability. However, these results are based on evidence of variable quality, involving a variety of interventions. Further high-quality trials are needed to test whether specific interventions are effective. PMID: 30376602 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - October 30, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Bath PM, Lee HS, Everton LF Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

Worldwide Analysis of Radiology Access and Education for Stroke Care: View From Abroad From 14 Countries
The World Health Organization reports that stroke is among the leading causes of death in noncommunicable diseases worldwide despite advances in acute stroke care [1]. Early interventions in cerebrovascular accidents can prevent mortality and minimize debilitating effects of stroke. There have been major recent advancements in stroke care to intervene more quickly and effectively. We are entering a new era of stroke imaging-based treatment for late acute ischemic stroke. Recent neurointerventional trials, such as DAWN and DEFUSE 3, have transformed the way clinicians provide acute stroke care in the United States and provi...
Source: Journal of the American College of Radiology : JACR - September 6, 2018 Category: Radiology Authors: Jesus Uribe, Simon Ammanuel, Bhavya Rehani Tags: A View From Abroad Source Type: research

Recanalisation therapies for wake-up stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: There is insufficient evidence from randomised controlled trials for recommendations concerning recanalisation therapies for wake-up stroke. Results from ongoing trials will hopefully establish the efficacy and safety of such therapies. PMID: 30129656 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - August 21, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Roaldsen MB, Lindekleiv H, Mathiesen EB, Berge E Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

Effects of Nutrition Therapy in Older Stroke Patients Undergoing Rehabilitation: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
ConclusionNutrition therapy had no statistically significant effect on ADL. However, it reduced the incidence of infections. More high-quality trials are warranted to clarify the effects of nutrition therapy in older stroke patients undergoing rehabilitation.
Source: The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging - August 13, 2018 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Blood pressure-lowering treatment for preventing recurrent stroke, major vascular events, and dementia in patients with a history of stroke or transient ischaemic attack.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results support the use of BPLDs in people with stroke or TIA for reducing the risk of recurrent stroke. Current evidence is primarily derived from trials studying an ACE inhibitor or a diuretic. No definite conclusions can be drawn from current evidence regarding an optimal systolic blood pressure target after stroke or TIA. PMID: 30024023 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - July 19, 2018 Category: General Medicine Authors: Zonneveld TP, Richard E, Vergouwen MD, Nederkoorn PJ, de Haan R, Roos YB, Kruyt ND Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

The struggle for stroke reclassification
The struggle for stroke reclassification, Published online: 29 June 2018; doi:10.1038/s41582-018-0036-5Stroke has been misplaced in the International Classification of Disease (ICD) since 1955, but is now classed as a neurological disease in the new ICD-11. The reclassification required a bureaucratic struggle between clinicians and the World Health Organization, but will bring great benefits.
Source: Nature Reviews Neurology - June 29, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Raad Shakir Source Type: research

Rate of Stroke Onset While Driving and Subsequent Collision
Road traffic injury is a major public health problem, with 1.3 million people dying annually in road accidents worldwide.1 Rates of death from road injury have also increased over the last 2 decades, and this trend appears to be continuing.2 The World Health Organization has therefore published a global plan to stabilize and to reduce the forecast level of road traffic fatalities around the world by 2020.1 Recently, there have been a number of vehicle collisions resulting from drivers' health problems.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - May 30, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Takuya Inoue, Masahito Hitosugi, Hideki Ooba, Itaru Takehara Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Factors predicting community participation in patients living with stroke, in the Western Cape, South Africa.
CONCLUSION: The findings suggest focusing stroke rehabilitation on important factors such as mobility, cognition, life activities and risk factors to advance patients' participation. It also emphasizes giving specific consideration to key factors specific for gender and age of stroke survivors. Implications for Rehabilitation Community participation in the general population of stroke survivors' is largely determined by their mobility function. Determinants of community participation among stroke survivors essentially vary according to age and gender. Clinically, this study suggests that focusing on specific determinants o...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - May 29, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Elloker T, Rhoda A, Arowoiya A, Lawal IU Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Stroke Incidence and Outcomes in Northeastern Greece Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—This is the largest to date population-based study in Greece documenting one of the highest stroke incidences ever reported in South Europe, highlighting the need for efficient stroke prevention and treatment strategies in Northeastern Greece.
Source: Stroke - January 22, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Georgios Tsivgoulis, Athanasia Patousi, Maria Pikilidou, Theodosis Birbilis, Aristeidis H. Katsanos, Michalis Mantatzis, Aristeidis Asimis, Nikolaos Papanas, Panagiotis Skendros, Aikaterini Terzoudi, Aikaterini Karamanli, Ioannis Kouroumichakis, Pantelis Tags: Epidemiology, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Independence and cognition post-stroke and its relationship to burden and quality of life of family caregivers.
CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest the need for health interventions aimed not only at stroke patients, but also at their family caregivers, given the association between the burden and the low levels of quality of life of the caregivers. PMID: 27646977 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - September 18, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Caro CC, Mendes PV, Costa JD, Nock LJ, Cruz DM Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Incidence of Transient Ischemic Attack in Auckland, New Zealand, in 2011 to 2012 Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— This study describes the burden of TIA in an era of aggressive primary and secondary vascular risk factor management. Education programs for medical practitioners and patients around the identification and management of atrial fibrillation are required.
Source: Stroke - August 21, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Barber, P. A., Krishnamurthi, R., Parag, V., Anderson, N. E., Ranta, A., Kilfoyle, D., Wong, E., Green, G., Arroll, B., Bennett, D. A., Witt, E., Rush, E., Minsun Suh, F., Theadom, A., Rathnasabapathy, Y., Te Ao, B., Parmar, P., Feigin, V. L., for the ARC Tags: Epidemiology, Race and Ethnicity, Risk Factors, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Association of Major Depressive Episodes With Stroke Risk in a Prospective Study of 0.5 Million Chinese Adults Clinical Sciences
Conclusions— Findings from this large prospective study suggest that the presence of MDE is a risk factor for stroke, especially in smokers.
Source: Stroke - August 21, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Sun, J., Ma, H., Yu, C., Lv, J., Guo, Y., Bian, Z., Yang, L., Chen, Y., Shen, H., Chen, Z., Hu, Z., Li, L., on behalf of the China Kadoorie Biobank Collaborative Group Tags: Mental Health, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Global disparities in stroke and why we should care
The World Health Organization lists stroke as the second leading cause of death for people older than 60 years.1 Even more tragically, nearly 6 million people die annually of stroke worldwide. In response to this crisis, the World Stroke Organization launched the World Stroke Campaign to intensify global awareness about the fight against stroke. Major components for winning this fight include understanding the distribution, risk factors, determinants, and disparities in stroke, even in the most remote regions of the world.
Source: Neurology - July 31, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Shehadah, A., Franklin, G. M., Benson, R. T. Tags: Cost effectiveness/economic, All Cerebrovascular disease/Stroke, Cohort studies EDITORIALS Source Type: research

Prevalence of Stroke and Its Risk Factors in Urban Sri Lanka: Population-Based Study Brief Reports
Conclusions— Age-adjusted stroke prevalence in urban Sri Lanka lies between high-income and low-/middle-income countries. The prevalence of stroke and its risk factors were higher among men.
Source: Stroke - September 28, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Chang, T., Gajasinghe, S., Arambepola, C. Tags: Cerebrovascular disease/stroke, Acute Cerebral Hemorrhage, Acute Cerebral Infarction Brief Reports Source Type: research

Recurrent vascular events in lacunar stroke patients with metabolic syndrome and/or diabetes
Conclusion: METS and DM were significant comorbid conditions in lacunar stroke patients and they were associated with stroke recurrence. In patients with lacunar infarcts, a vigilant approach to prevent development of DM in those with METS may be a potential strategy to reduce recurrent strokes.
Source: Neurology - September 14, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Zhu, S., McClure, L. A., Lau, H., Romero, J. R., White, C. L., Babikian, V., Nguyen, T., Benavente, O. R., Kase, C. S., Pikula, A. Tags: All Cerebrovascular disease/Stroke ARTICLE Source Type: research

Unlabeled amphetamine isomer in sports supplement “probably” caused hemorrhagic stroke
3.5 out of 5 stars Hemorrhagic Stroke Probably Caused by Exercise Combined With a Sports Supplement Containing β-Methylphenylethylamine (BMPEA): A Case Report. Cohen P et al. Ann Intern Med 2015 May 12 [Epub ahead of print] Reference Last month, the FDA sent letters to 5 companies that manufacture so-called “dietary” or “sports” supplements, warning them that their products were mislabeled because they contained an unlisted ingredient. That ingredient, β-methylphenylethylamine (BMPEA), is an isomer of amphetamine. Although the effects of BMPEA in humans have not been well studied, it has been ...
Source: The Poison Review - May 22, 2015 Category: Toxicology Authors: Leon Tags: Medical amphetamine beta-methylphenylethylamine BMPEA dietary supplement hemorrhagic stroke sports supplement Source Type: news

Organizational Update: The World Health Organization Global Status Report on Noncommunicable Diseases 2014; One More Landmark Step in the Combat Against Stroke and Vascular Disease Organizational Updates
Source: Stroke - April 27, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Mendis, S., Davis, S., Norrving, B. Tags: Other Ethics and Policy, Antiplatelets, Other Stroke Treatment - Medical Organizational Updates Source Type: research

Anemia on admission predicts short‐ and long‐term outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke
ConclusionAnemia is common among AIS patients and is associated with cardiovascular comorbidities. Low hemoglobin status independently predicts short and long‐term mortality.
Source: International Journal of Stroke - November 27, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Haralampos Milionis, Vasileios Papavasileiou, Ashraf Eskandari, Suzette D'Ambrogio‐Remillard, George Ntaios, Patrik Michel Tags: Research Source Type: research

Cost-Effectiveness of Clopidogrel-Aspirin Versus Aspirin Alone for Acute Transient Ischemic Attack and Minor Stroke Stroke
Conclusions Early 90-day clopidogrel-aspirin regimen for acute TIA or minor stroke is highly cost-effective in China. Although clopidogrel is generic, Plavix is brand in China. If Plavix were generic, treatment with clopidogrel-aspirin would have been cost saving.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - June 5, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Pan, Y., Wang, A., Liu, G., Zhao, X., Meng, X., Zhao, K., Liu, L., Wang, C., Johnston, S. C., Wang, Y., Wang, Y., the CHANCE Investigators Tags: Stroke Source Type: research

Policy makers and advocates appeal for European governments to adopt a national focus on stroke prevention
Coinciding with the World Health Organization (WHO) European Ministerial Conference on the Prevention and Control of Non-Communicable Diseases in Turkmenistan, MEPs, patient and physician representatives are today (December 3rd) meeting at the European Parliament to highlight that urgent national action is required to prevent stroke. "Stroke is a growing burden on our healthcare services but more importantly has a devastating impact on survivors and their families," said MEP Nessa Childers.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - December 4, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Stroke Source Type: news