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Infectious Disease: Fungal Infections

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Total 27 results found since Jan 2013.

Postoperative management of lung transplant recipients.
Authors: Kao CC, Parulekar AD Abstract Despite advances in surgical technique, lung transplantation is associated with worse survival when compared with other solid organ transplantations. Graft dysfunction and infection are the leading causes of mortality in the first 30 days following transplantation. Primary graft dysfunction (PGD) is a form of reperfusion injury that occurs early after transplantation. Management of PGD is mainly supportive with use of lung protective ventilation. Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation may be used in severe cases. Bacterial pneumonias are the most co...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - October 23, 2019 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Antifungal Activity and Potential Mechanism of N-Butylphthalide Alone and in Combination With Fluconazole Against Candida albicans
This study demonstrated that n-butylphthalide exhibited antifungal activity against Candida albicans with minimum inhibitory concentrations of 128μg/mL and n-butylphthalide combined with fluconazole showed synergistic antifungal effects against resistant Candida albicans, resulting in a decrease in the minimum inhibitory concentrations of fluconazole from>512 to 0.25-1μg/mL. Time-killing curves verified the antifungal activity in dynamic. Besides, n-butylphthalide exhibited anti-biofilm activity against Candida albicans biofilms preformed
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - July 2, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

What Causes Facial Nerve Palsy?
Discussion Facial nerve palsy has been known for centuries, but in 1821 unilateral facial nerve paralysis was described by Sir Charles Bell. Bell’s palsy (BP) is a unilateral, acute facial paralysis that is clinically diagnosed after other etiologies have been excluded by appropriate history, physical examination and/or laboratory testing or imaging. Symptoms include abnormal movement of facial nerve. It can be associated with changes in facial sensation, hearing, taste or excessive tearing. The right and left sides are equally affected but bilateral BP is rare (0.3%). Paralysis can be complete or incomplete at prese...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - June 3, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Stroke in patients with prosthetic valve endocarditis : Single-center cohort study in China.
CONCLUSION: Stroke is a common complication in PVE that increases patient mortality. Rheumatic heart disease, double valve replacement, and fungal infection may be risk factors for patients with PVE complicated by stroke. PMID: 31076822 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Herz - May 12, 2019 Category: Cardiology Tags: Herz Source Type: research

Pentraxin 3 in Cardiovascular Disease
Giuseppe Ristagno1*, Francesca Fumagalli1, Barbara Bottazzi2, Alberto Mantovani2,3,4, Davide Olivari1, Deborah Novelli1 and Roberto Latini1 1Department of Cardiovascular Research, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research IRCCS, Milan, Italy 2Humanitas Clinical and Research Center-IRCCS, Milan, Italy 3Humanitas University, Milan, Italy 4The William Harvey Research Institute, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom The long pentraxin PTX3 is a member of the pentraxin family produced locally by stromal and myeloid cells in response to proinflammatory signals and microbial moieties. The p...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - April 17, 2019 Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

Stroke in Patients with Infective Endocarditis: A 15-Year Single-Center Cohort Study
Conclusion: Stroke is a common complication of IE. Mitral valve vegetation and old age may incerease the risk of stroke in patients with IE.Eur Neurol 2018;80:171 –178
Source: European Neurology - November 28, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Outcomes of Hospitalization for Stem Cell Transplant in Sickle Cell Disease: Are We There Yet?
Conclusions: The rate of inpatient mortality with SCT in sickle cell disease is lower than the overall inpatient mortality rate for allogeneic SCT (7%; Godara et al bbmt 2018), indicating a favorable outcome for these patients. Infections do occur commonly during the course of hospitalization, especially in association with GVHD. Length of stay is adversely impacted by occurrence of GVHD, bacterial sepsis, C.difficile infection and viral infections. While we are limited by duration of follow up in our study, these patterns suggest some essential modifiers for inpatient morbidity and mortality, therefore require validation ...
Source: Blood - November 21, 2018 Category: Hematology Authors: Godara, A., Siddiqui, N., Afzal, A., Khan, M., Yared, J., Kansagra, A., Dahiya, S. Tags: 732. Clinical Allogeneic Transplantation: Results: Poster III Source Type: research

Invasive rhinocerebral mucormycosis in a patient with liver cirrhosis leading to fatal massive stroke
Publication date: Available online 21 September 2018Source: Medical Mycology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Taher Sabobeh, Kamran Mushtaq, Ahmed Elsotouhy, Adham A. Ammar, Sameera RashidAbstractImmunocompromised status is associated with invasive fungal infections including mucormycosis. These infections are challenging to treat and associated with high overall mortality.Here we report a fatal case of invasive mucormycosis in a cirrhotic, diabetic patient. Despite the swift diagnosis and management; the fungal invasion of the right internal carotid artery lead to massive ischemic stroke.Timely diagnosis and management is crucial f...
Source: Medical Mycology Case Reports - September 22, 2018 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Evaluation of Neuroimaging Findings of Central Nervous System Complications in Heart Transplant Recipients.
CONCLUSIONS: Posterior reversible leukoencephalopathy syndrome and ischemic stroke were the most common neurologic complications in our heart transplant recipients. The other complications were hemorrhagic stroke, intracranial abscess, and intracranial dissemination of sinusoidal fungal infection. Neurologic complications are common in heart transplant recipients and should be identified promptly for early treatment. For the recognition of these complications, computed tomography should be performed for initial evaluation to rule out edema or hemorrhage. However, in the presence of serious neurologic symptoms that cannot b...
Source: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation : official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation - May 23, 2018 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Turnaoglu H, Agildere AM, Kural Rahatli F, Yildirim Donmez F, Ocal R, Sezer T, Can U, Sezgin A, Aslamaci S Tags: Exp Clin Transplant Source Type: research

Neuroinfections caused by fungi
ConclusionAlthough the number of fungal species causing CNS mycosis is increasing, only some possess well-defined treatment standards (e.g., cryptococcal meningitis and CNS aspergillosis). The early diagnosis of fungal infection, accompanied by identification of the etiological factor, is needed to allow the selection of effective therapy in patients with FIs-CNS and limit their high mortality.
Source: Infection - May 21, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Rapidly progressive bilateral optic nerve and retinal infarctions due to rhinocerebral mucormycosis and pseudoephedrine use
We report rapidly progressive bilateral visual loss from mucormycosis due to bilateral optic nerve and retinal infarction in a patient with diabetes.1
Source: Neurology Clinical Practice - December 12, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Merkler, A. E., Duggal, I., Kaunzner, U., Maciel, C. B., Miller, A. M., Scognamiglio, T., Dinkin, M. J. Tags: MRI, Other cerebrovascular disease/ Stroke, Fungal infections, Clinical neurology examination, Visual loss Case Source Type: research

Optic Neuropathy and Stroke Secondary to Invasive Aspergillus in an Immunocompetent Patient
We describe a unique case of disseminated central nervous system aspergillosis, initially presenting as an optic neuropathy, with subsequent stroke in multiple vascular territories.
Source: Journal of Neuro-Ophthalmology - November 18, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Clinical Observation Source Type: research

Expensive New Diabetes Drugs Add Nothing But Cost And Complications
This is the fourth in an ongoing series of blogs exposing the rampant misuse of the medications so aggressively promoted by greedy drug companies. I am very lucky in having the perfect partner in this truth-vs-power effort to contradict Pharma propaganda with evidence based fact. Dick Bijl is President of the International Society of Drug Bulletins (ISDB), an impressive association of 53 national drug bulletins from all around the world, each of which publishes the best available data on the pluses and minuses of different medications. Drug bulletins help patients and doctors see through the misleading misinformation ge...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - November 17, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news

7 Foot Problems That Can Be Serious
If you want to know the state of your health, try looking down. “There’s no question it’s extremely important that people pay attention to their feet,” says Terry Philbin, D.O., spokesperson for the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) and a foot and ankle specialist at the Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Center in Westerville, Ohio. The condition of your feet can give you clues to a host of medical issues, such as diabetes, arthritis, and even heart disease. Read on to find out what to look for and what it may mean. 1. Pain “There’s no pain that should be ignored,” says Jane ...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - November 12, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Pituitary aspergillus infection
We report a case of Aspergillus infection involving the pituitary gland and sellar region discovered in a 74-year-old man. The patient had a history of hypertension, chronic renal disease, autoimmune hemolytic anemia and presented with right eye pain, headaches and worsening hemiparesis. Imaging studies revealed a right internal carotid artery occlusion and an acute right pontine stroke along with smaller infarcts in the right middle cerebral artery distribution. Clinically, the patient was thought to have vasculitis. An infectious etiology was not identified. He developed respiratory distress and died. At autopsy, necroti...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - May 30, 2016 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Fungal Infections of the Central Nervous System
This article summarizes current knowledge on the epidemiology, clinical presentations, diagnosis, and management of selected fungal infections of the central nervous system (CNS). Key syndromes, differential diagnoses, and therapeutic interventions according to host immune status and exposure are reviewed. Recent Findings:: Advancements in imaging of the brain and spinal cord, and molecular DNA and antigen-based laboratory diagnostics afford improved sensitivity for CNS mycoses. Newer therapeutic strategies may improve outcomes if provided early and host immunosuppression is abrogated. Adjunctive corticosteroid use for dis...
Source: CONTINUUM - December 1, 2015 Category: Neurology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research

Neurological complications in renal transplant patients: A single-center experience
Conclusion We conclude that complications involving the neurological system occur in 10.5% of all transplant patients with 8% involving CNS and 7% involving the PNS. The high mortality rates associated with CNS complications warrant early diagnosis and aggressive treatment in renal transplant recipients.
Source: Indian Journal of Transplantation - November 24, 2015 Category: Transplant Surgery Source Type: research

Methylprednisolone in patients undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (SIRS): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial
This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00427388. Findings Patients were recruited between June 21, 2007, and Dec 19, 2013. Complete 30-day data was available for all 7507 patients randomly assigned to methylprednisolone (n=3755) and to placebo (n=3752). Methylprednisolone, compared with placebo, did not reduce the risk of death at 30 days (154 [4%] vs 177 [5%] patients; relative risk [RR] 0·87, 95% CI 0·70–1·07, p=0·19) or the risk of death or major morbidity (909 [24%] vs 885 [24%]; RR 1·03, 95% CI 0·95–1·11, p=0·52). The most common safety outcomes in the methylprednisolone and placebo g...
Source: The Lancet - September 26, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Pediatric cavernous sinus thrombosis: A case series and review of the literature
Conclusion: Our case series demonstrates low morbidity and mortality with early, aggressive surgical, antimicrobial, and anticoagulation therapies. Although anticoagulation and surgery were not associated with significantly different outcomes, more study is needed.
Source: Neurology - August 31, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Smith, D. M., Vossough, A., Vorona, G. A., Beslow, L. A., Ichord, R. N., Licht, D. J. Tags: Childhood stroke, Secondary headache disorders, Pediatric headache, All Imaging, Cerebral venous thrombosis ARTICLE Source Type: research

Estimated deaths and illnesses averted during fungal meningitis outbreak associated with contaminated steroid injections, United States, 2012-2013.
Abstract During 2012-2013, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and partners responded to a multistate outbreak of fungal infections linked to methylprednisolone acetate (MPA) injections produced by a compounding pharmacy. We evaluated the effects of public health actions on the scope of this outbreak. A comparison of 60-day case-fatality rates and clinical characteristics of patients given a diagnosis on or before October 4, the date the outbreak was widely publicized, with those of patients given a diagnosis after October 4 showed that an estimated 3,150 MPA injections, 153 cases of meningitis or st...
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - May 22, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Smith RM, Derado G, Wise M, Harris JR, Chiller T, Meltzer MI, Park BJ Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Brachial Plexus Neuritis as Presenting Manifestation of Disseminated Coccidioidomycosis. (P6.323)
CONCLUSIONS:This is the first reported case of coccidioidomycosis presenting with PNS involvement. Both remote inflammatory changes and direct local fungal invasion noted in this case highlight the wide spectrum of clinico-pathological presentations seen in coccidioidomycosis infection. As this fungal disease is identified with increasing frequency, clinicians should be aware of its atypical manifestations. Study Supported by: Disclosure: Dr. Shah has nothing to disclose. Dr. Liao has nothing to disclose. Dr. Shanina has nothing to disclose. Dr. Smith has nothing to disclose.
Source: Neurology - April 8, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Shah, R., Liao, B., Shanina, E., Smith, G. Tags: Fungi, Parasites, and Other Infectious Disorders Source Type: research

A Case Report of Rheumatoid Meningitis, an unusual complication of Rheumatoid Arthritis (P4.056)
CONCLUSIONS: Rheumatoid Meningitis is an extremely uncommon complication of Rheumatoid Arthritis. Initial presentations can vary from altered mental status (most common), cranial neuropathies, hemiparesis/paraparesis, seizure, headache and very rarely stroke like symptoms. This patient with Rheumatoid Arthritis presented with multiple stroke like episodes, lepomeningeal enhancement. Diagnosis was established on the basis of Imaging and Histopathology after excluding other potential causes of granulomatous meningitis. Study Supported by: Not applicableDisclosure: Dr. roy has nothing to disclose. Dr. Brink has nothing to dis...
Source: Neurology - April 8, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Roy, B., Brink, J., Bakradze, E., Al Zahmi, F., Uphoff, D., Silverman, I. Tags: MS and CNS Inflammatory Diseases: CNS Inflammatory Diseases and Differential Diagnosis Source Type: research

Basilar Artery Territory Stroke Secondary to Invasive Fungal Sphenoid Sinusitis: A Case Report and Review of the Literature
We present a case of a 38-year-old man with invasive mucormycosis that led to a basilar artery territory stroke. Rhinocerebral mucormycosis is an unusual cause of stroke. Case Report: A 38-year-old man with a past medical history of diabetes mellitus presented with altered mental status. A lumbar puncture revealed eosinophilic pleocytosis with a mildly elevated total protein and borderline low glucose level. CT revealed a left medullary and cerebellar infarct confirmed by MRI. MRI also displayed a diffuse marrow signal abnormality in the clivus with contiguous sinus disease. Endoscopic sinus surgery confirmed that the fung...
Source: Case Reports in Neurology - March 6, 2015 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

High-resolution MRI of radiation-induced intracranial vasculopathy
A 46-year-old woman without traditional stroke risk factors presented with acute left limbs numbness. Two years prior, she had a right cranio-orbital junction meningioma resected and received radiation therapy (target dose DT 60 Gy/30 F, 5 F/W, 2 Gy/F). MRI revealed a diffusion-positive focus within the anterior periventricular white matter. CT angiography showed >50% right middle cerebral artery (MCA) stenosis. High-resolution MRI (HRMRI) suggested concentric vessel wall thickening with contrast enhancement (figure).
Source: Neurology - February 9, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Li, M., Wu, S.-W., Xu, W.-H. Tags: All Clinical Neurology, Fungal infections, All Cerebrovascular disease/Stroke NEUROIMAGES Source Type: research

Mortality in sarcoidosis, results from one centre, long term observational study
Conclusion:The leading cause of death in sarcoid patients in our Department were cancers, but just as often, sarcoidosis was the underlying cause of death.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - December 23, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Puscinska, E., Nowinski, A., Goljan-Geremek, A., Bednarek, M., Kaminski, D., Kowalska, A., Gorecka, D. Tags: 1.5 Diffuse Parenchymal Lung Disease Source Type: research

Resolution of a fungal mycotic aneurysm after a contaminated steroid injection: a case report
Conclusions: This is the rare case report of successful medical management of a cerebral mycotic aneurysm with stroke symptoms related to a presumed phaeohyphomycosis in an immunocompetent individual. Further studies are needed to determine the utility of cerebrospinal fluid (1, 3) beta-D-glucan in diagnosing and monitoring patients with meningitis thought to be related to fungal infection.
Source: BMC Research Notes - May 31, 2014 Category: Research Authors: George NelsonOlga FermoKiran ThakurElizabeth FeltonJee BangLucy WilsonSusan RheeRafael LlinasKristine JohnsonDavid Sullivan Source Type: research

UTSA student wins American Heart Association fellowship for nanosystems engineering research
(University of Texas at San Antonio) University of Texas at San Antonio biomedical engineering Ph.D. candidate Anand Srinivasan has been awarded a $25,000, one-year doctoral fellowship from the American Heart Association. This highly competitive fellowship provides significant funding to doctoral students to support research and training in cardiovascular and stroke discoveries. Srinivasan will develop a new chip-based platform that can be used to test the effectiveness of drug treatments for infective endocarditis, a dangerous bacterial-fungal infection of the heart's inner lining.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 19, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news