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Total 278 results found since Jan 2013.

Vessel Wall Imaging of Cerebrovascular Disorders
AbstractPurpose of reviewHigh-resolution magnetic resonance vessel wall imaging (VWI) permits direct visualization of intracranial arterial wall pathology, providing diagnostic and prognostic information that is complementary to conventional imaging techniques. We highlight the most recent studies that have advanced the clinical application of VWI.Recent findingsVWI aids in distinguishing and diagnosing intracranial atherosclerotic disease (ICAD), intracranial dissections, central nervous system vasculitis, reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome, and moyamoya disease. VWI may help predict recurrent stroke in ICAD, t...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine - November 14, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Detailed phenotyping of posterior vs. anterior circulation ischemic stroke: a multi-center MRI study
ConclusionIschemic stroke subtypes differ between the two phenotypes. Diabetes and male sex have a stronger association with PCiS than ACiS. Definitive MRI-based PCiS diagnosis aids etiological investigation and contributes additional insights into specific risk factors and mechanisms of injury in PCiS.
Source: Journal of Neurology - November 11, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Comparison of Risk Scores for the Prediction of the Overall Cardiovascular Risk in Patients with Ischemic Stroke: The Athens Stroke Registry
Stratification of overall vascular risk in patients with ischemic stroke is important as it may guide management decisions. Currently available schemes have only modest prognostic accuracy. The TRA2 °P score aids in vascular risk stratification in patients with previous myocardial infarction (MI).
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - October 25, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Georgios Georgiopoulos, George Ntaios, Kimon Stamatelopoulos, Efstathios Manios, Eleni Korompoki, Evangelia Vemmou, Haralampos Milionis, Stefano Masi, Gregory Y.H. Lip, Konstantinos Vemmos Source Type: research

Complications Associated with Fat Grafting to the Lower Eyelid.
Abstract Fat grafting is effectively used in the lower eyelid and periorbital area for rejuvenation of the aging face. Several complications may occur with fat grafting, including volume undercorrection or overcorrection, contour irregularities, prolonged bruising and swelling, infection, granulomas and inflammation, and vascular embolization with visual loss or stroke. In many cases, complications can be effectively treated, although permanent and serious injury can occur. Appropriate surgical techniques help to prevent most of these complications. An understanding of how and why complications of fat grafting of ...
Source: The Surgical Clinics of North America - October 9, 2019 Category: Surgery Authors: Maamari RN, Massry GG, Holds JB Tags: Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am Source Type: research

Perlecan regulates pericyte dynamics in the maintenance and repair of the blood-brain barrier
Ischemic stroke causes blood–brain barrier (BBB) breakdown due to significant damage to the integrity of BBB components. Recent studies have highlighted the importance of pericytes in the repair process of BBB functions triggered by PDGFRβ up-regulation. Here, we show that perlecan, a major heparan sulfate proteoglycan of basement membranes, aids in BBB maintenance and repair through pericyte interactions. Using a transient middle cerebral artery occlusion model, we found larger infarct volumes and more BBB leakage in conditional perlecan (Hspg2)-deficient (Hspg2–/–-TG) mice than in control mice. Con...
Source: Journal of Cell Biology - October 7, 2019 Category: Cytology Authors: Nakamura, K., Ikeuchi, T., Nara, K., Rhodes, C. S., Zhang, P., Chiba, Y., Kazuno, S., Miura, Y., Ago, T., Arikawa-Hirasawa, E., Mukouyama, Y.-s., Yamada, Y. Tags: Disease, Cell Signaling, Migration, Motility, Neuroscience Articles Source Type: research

Causes of Acute Stroke: A Patterned Approach.
This article reviews the imaging patterns of acute strokes, and how the infarct pattern and imaging characteristics can suggest an underlying cause. PMID: 31582037 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - October 5, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Knight-Greenfield A, Nario JJQ, Gupta A Tags: Radiol Clin North Am Source Type: research

Causes of Acute Stroke
This article reviews the imaging patterns of acute strokes, and how the infarct pattern and imaging characteristics can suggest an underlying cause.
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - October 1, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Ashley Knight-Greenfield, Joel Jose Quitlong Nario, Ajay Gupta Source Type: research

DWI-MRI predicts stroke recurrence in low-risk patients
A diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI-MRI) brain sequence can confirm the presence...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Deep-learning model detects cerebral microbleeds on MRI MRI measurements of iron content show impact of stroke Deep-learning MRI algorithm aids in neurological diagnoses Key MRI markers link vascular brain injury to health risks MRI links lifestyle factors to stroke, dementia risk
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - September 24, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: news

Cameroon: 'If the Brain Doesn't Work, the Rest Doesn't Matter'
[Cameroon Tribune] Our brains are currently at serious risk because of diseases such as epilepsy, stroke, AIDS, dementia and so on. There is also danger from drug abuse and addictions, especially amongst youths, resulting in behavioural disorders which contribute to some of the major crises the nation is facing. Therefore, brain or mental health problems stand among the most common and severe in Cameroon. In the following interview, Prof. Alfred Kongnyu Njamnshi, lecturer, Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Univers
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - September 12, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: news

Complications Associated with Fat Grafting to the Lower Eyelid
Fat grafting is effectively used in the lower eyelid and periorbital area for rejuvenation of the aging face. Several complications may occur with fat grafting, including volume undercorrection or overcorrection, contour irregularities, prolonged bruising and swelling, infection, granulomas and inflammation, and vascular embolization with visual loss or stroke. In many cases, complications can be effectively treated, although permanent and serious injury can occur. Appropriate surgical techniques help to prevent most of these complications. An understanding of how and why complications of fat grafting of the lower eyelid o...
Source: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America - August 30, 2019 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Authors: Robi N. Maamari, Guy G. Massry, John Bryan Holds Source Type: research

Neurological disorders in HIV in Africa: a review
Conclusion: Neurological disorders are common in HIV in Africa and the main CNS opportunistic infections result in high  mortality rates. Strategies aimed at reducing their high burden, morbidity and mortality include early HIV diagnosis and anti-retroviral therapy (ART), screening and chemoprophylaxis of main opportunistic infections, improved clinical diagnosis and management and programme strengthening.Keywords: Neurological disorders, HIV, Africa, opportunistic infections, direct HIV infection and inflammatory disorders.
Source: African Health Sciences - August 20, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

Gait analysis in hemiplegic stroke survivors who used the one-arm motorized walker.
CONCLUSION: The one-arm motorized walker may have a positive effect on the improvement of gait ability in hemiplegic stroke survivors. It can be an effective walking aid for hemiplegic stroke survivors who experience difficulties in independent walking. PMID: 31306144 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Technology and Health Care - July 5, 2019 Category: Medical Devices Authors: Pyo S, Cho KH, Kwon S, Lee D, Song S, Lee G Tags: Technol Health Care Source Type: research

Mindful Music Listening Aids Cognitive Recovery After Stroke
Mindful music listening feasible, acceptable, may be effective after stroke
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry - May 14, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Neurology, Psychiatry, Journal, Source Type: news

Using Dental Pulp Stem Cells for Stroke Therapy
Conclusion and Future Perspectives Stem cell-based therapy is a promising alternative for stroke treatment. While stem cells from different sources, including induced PSC, ESC, MSC, and NSC, have been investigated, using NSC and enhancing the natural mechanisms is most appropriate for brain repair. In preclinical models of stroke, stem cell transplantation has led to positive outcomes through a variety of cellular and molecular mechanisms, many being mediated by the array of beneficial factors produced by the cells. Recent advances in cellular reprogramming have provided alternative sources of NSC to be investigated, allo...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - April 29, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Effectiveness of the Bobath concept in the treatment of stroke: a systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: The Bobath concept is not superior to other approaches for regaining mobility, motor control of the lower limb and gait, balance and activities of daily living of patients after stroke. There is moderate evidence regarding the superior results of other approaches in terms of the motor control and dexterity of the upper limb. Due to the limitations concerning the methodological quality of the studies, further well-designed studies are needed. Implications for rehabilitation The Bobath concept is not superior to other approaches for patients after stroke. The treatments that incorporate overuse of the affected u...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - April 24, 2019 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Díaz-Arribas MJ, Martín-Casas P, Cano-de-la-Cuerda R, Plaza-Manzano G Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Ethics and Bias in Clinical Trial Enrollment in Stroke
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTo familiarize the reader with ethical concerns and potential scientific bias in management and conduction of clinical stroke trials.Recent FindingsThe goal of clinical trials in stroke is to find effective interventions for stroke prevention, acute treatment, and rehabilitation and recovery. Acute trials must be designed in the context of the time-sensitivity of revascularization therapies. Standard ethical constraints apply. However, informed consent is hindered by tight time windows for reperfusion therapy and frequent cognitive impairment in patients. These might be mitigated by using visual de...
Source: Current Cardiology Reports - April 22, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Current Therapeutic Management of Perinatal Stroke with a Focus on the Upper Limb: A Cross-Sectional Survey of UK Physiotherapists and Occupational Therapists.
CONCLUSIONS: Assessment and provision of therapy services following perinatal stroke is variable. Increased use of standardized assessments and centralized data collection regarding service provision for high-risk infants is recommended. PMID: 30211625 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Source: Physical Therapy - April 13, 2019 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Marcroft C, Tsutsumi A, Pearse J, Dulson P, Embleton ND, Basu AP Tags: Phys Occup Ther Pediatr Source Type: research

MRI measurements of iron content show impact of stroke
French researchers have taken a basic MR imaging technique to break new ground...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Deep-learning MRI algorithm aids in neurological diagnoses CT matches MRI for late-window stroke evaluation Women less likely to receive poststroke imaging Is CCTA, MRI, or transthoracic echo best for predicting stroke? Study reveals steep cost of delaying stroke treatment
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - March 12, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: news

The effect of cane height on walking and balance for stroke patients - Seo TH, Doo YT, Jung DI.
This study investigates the effects of using customized walking aids individualized for stroke patients by measuring the effects of different cane lengths to determine the ideal length of walking aids for stroke patients. METHODS: Cane leng...
Source: SafetyLit - February 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Evaluating the Effect of a Patient Decision Aid for Atrial Fibrillation Stroke Prevention Therapy.
Conclusion and Relevance: Our PDA was effective for reducing decisional conflict, increasing patient knowledge, eliciting patients' values, and presenting therapy options that aligned with patients' values and preferences. Using the PDA revealed that many patients have therapy preferences different from their currently prescribed treatment. The PDA is a practical and potentially valuable tool to facilitate decision making about stroke prevention therapy for AF. PMID: 30724102 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Annals of Pharmacotherapy - February 6, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Loewen PS, Bansback N, Hicklin J, Andrade JG, Kapanen AI, Kwan L, Lynd LD, McClean A, MacGillivray J, Salmasi S Tags: Ann Pharmacother Source Type: research

What are the perceptions and experiences of falls amongst people with stroke who live in the community?
CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights the perceived negative consequences of falls amongst people with stroke, and the potential contribution of falls to the reduced levels of physical activity often seen following a stroke. Our findings emphasise the need to address falls and balance related self-efficacy alongside strategies to promote safe mobility. A paradigm shift may be needed to highlight potentially modifiable intrinsic risk factors and emphasise the relevance and value of proactive fall prevention to people with stroke. Implications for rehabilitation People with stroke may not report falls or may minimise their sign...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - December 4, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Munford D, Gunn H Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Organizing stroke systems in the field for patients with suspected large vessel occlusion acute stroke.
Authors: Almekhlafi MA, Holodinsky JK, Hill MD, Kamal N, Goyal M Abstract INTRODUCTION: The dawn of endovascular stroke therapy has reshaped stroke care. Eligible patients need to be rushed to capable centers for intervention. This may entail bypassing closer hospitals that could confirm the diagnosis, administer thrombolytic therapy, then transfer patients for intervention. This has created a set of challenges: identifying endovascular candidates in the field, determining the best transport destination, and getting patients there quickly. Areas covered: This review provides a context for these emerging challenges....
Source: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy - November 20, 2018 Category: Cardiology Tags: Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther Source Type: research

The relationship between Home-time, quality of life and costs after ischemic stroke: the impact of the need for mobility aids, home and car modifications on Home-time.
CONCLUSIONS: Home-time is a stroke outcome associated with disease severity, healthcare costs and patient wellbeing. Streamlining the discharge process for those requiring extra material support may lead to cost savings and higher quality-of-life. Implications for rehabilitation Delays in discharge from the acute hospital or rehabilitation facility are incurred when patients need extra material support in order to return home. Staff from the discharging facility should assist families by giving timely information on the availability and the cost of wheel chairs and walkers; and explaining and planning the need of a stair l...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - October 2, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Dewilde S, Annemans L, Lloyd A, Peeters A, Hemelsoet D, Vandermeeren Y, Desfontaines P, Brouns R, Vanhooren G, Cras P, Michielsens B, Redondo P, Thijs V Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Super-early images of brain perfusion SPECT using 123 I-IMP for the assessment of hyperperfusion in stroke patients
ConclusionsThe addition of super-early imaging to the conventional early imaging aids assessment of postischemic hyperperfusion by123I-IMP brain perfusion SPECT and may contribute to management of stroke patients in the era of reperfusion therapy.
Source: Annals of Nuclear Medicine - September 1, 2018 Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research

Managing of Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction Following Stroke
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis comprehensive up-to-date review will synthesise relevant available literature on the topic of post-stroke lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD). Topics include epidemiology of LUTD, LUTD as a prognostic indicator for stroke recovery, urinary incontinence and retention, correlations between brain lesion localisation and LUTD, causes of LUTD, medical complications due to LUTD, diagnostics and contemporary management of LUTD in stroke patients.Recent FindingsLUTD frequently occurs after a stroke and is associated with poor overall functional outcome, increased institutionalisation and mortality ...
Source: Current Bladder Dysfunction Reports - September 1, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

The regularity of orthosis use and the reasons for disuse in stroke patients
This is a Retrospective descriptive study. Orthoses and walking aids are used frequently in stroke rehabilitation to facilitate ambulation. The aim was to describe the regularity of orthosis use and the reasons for disuse in stroke after discharge from inpatient rehabilitation. The study included 64 (43 men, 21 women) subacute stroke patients who had been discharged from our clinic in the last 6 months. Demographic and clinical findings, proposed orthoses and walking aids, frequency of usage for the proposed orthoses, reasons for disuse, and the ambulation levels were recorded. A total of 54 (84.4%) patients had an ankle...
Source: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research - August 10, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Brief research reports Source Type: research

Predicting the oxygen cost of walking in hemiparetic stroke patients
ConclusionCwfree was strongly correlated with Sfree, which allowed for the development of a valid Cwfree prediction model. A practitioner could estimate the energy expenditure of walking for a patient without using an indirect calorimeter.
Source: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - July 11, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Exertional Heat Stroke, the Return to Play Decision, and the Role of Heat Tolerance Testing: A Clinician's Dilemma
Exertional heat stroke (EHS) is a leading cause of preventable morbidity and mortality among both athletes and warfighters. Since current evidence suggests that the history of a prior event is an important risk factor for an EHS event, sports medicine providers can find post-EHS return to play/duty (RTP/D) decisions challenging. Heat tolerance testing is a tool that can help with such decisions by exposing the subject to a given heat load under controlled conditions to assess the presence or absence of heat tolerance. This special communication explores the challenge of the RTP/D after an EHS event and the potential role o...
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - July 1, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Nutrition and Ergogenic Aids: Special Communication Source Type: research

Effect of neuro-orthopaedic surgery for spastic equinovarus foot after stroke. A prospective longitudinal study based on a goal-centered approach.
CONCLUSIONS: This study confirms the efficacy of the neuro-orthopaedic surgical treatment of spastic equinovarus foot after stroke to improve walking capacities and to achieve personal goals in the body function and activity/participation domains of the ICF. PMID: 29904043 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - June 14, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Deltombe T, Gilliaux M, Peret F, Leeuwerck M, Wautier D, Hanson P, Gustin T Tags: Eur J Phys Rehabil Med Source Type: research

Managing of Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction Following Stroke
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis comprehensive up-to-date review will synthesise relevant available literature on the topic of post-stroke lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD). Topics include epidemiology of LUTD, LUTD as a prognostic indicator for stroke recovery, urinary incontinence and retention, correlations between brain lesion localisation and LUTD, causes of LUTD, medical complications due to LUTD, diagnostics and contemporary management of LUTD in stroke patients.Recent FindingsLUTD frequently occurs after a stroke and is associated with poor overall functional outcome, increased institutionalisation and mortality ...
Source: Current Bladder Dysfunction Reports - June 11, 2018 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Stroke incidence is highest in women and non-Hispanic blacks living with HIV in the AIDS Clinical Trials Group Longitudinal Linked Randomized Trials cohort
Conclusion: Women and non-Hispanic Blacks living with HIV had the highest incidence rates of stroke/TIA. A concerted effort must be made to include PLWH from these at-risk groups in observational and interventional studies aimed at understanding stroke mechanisms and reducing stroke risk in HIV infection. Strategies to modify stroke risk in PLWH should employ a multipronged approach targeting vascular risk factors and engaging and retaining patients in HIV care.
Source: AIDS - May 11, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Clinical Science Source Type: research

Impact of General Practitioner Transient Ischemic Attack Training on 90-Day Stroke Outcomes: Secondary Analysis of a Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial
Many patients with transient ischemic attack (TIA) receive initial assessments by general practitioners (GPs) who may lack TIA management experience. In a randomized controlled trial (RCT), we showed that electronic decision support for GPs improves patient outcomes and guideline adherence. Some stroke services prefer to improve referrer expertise through TIA/stroke education sessions instead of promoting TIA decision aids or triaging tools. This is a secondary analysis of whether a GP education session influenced TIA management and outcomes.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - March 30, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Annemarei Ranta, Susan Dovey, John Gommans, Murray Tilyard, Mark Weatherall Source Type: research

Chapter 15 HIV infection and stroke
Publication date: 2018 Source:Handbook of Clinical Neurology, Volume 152 Author(s): Laura Benjamin, Saye Khoo The landscape of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is changing with the increasing coverage of antiretroviral therapy (ART). Patients are living longer but continually exposed to a virologically suppressed HIV infection. This has resulted in a decrease in acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related complications such as opportunistic infections, and an increase in non-AIDS complications such as stroke. In this era, stroke is perhaps the most important neurologic complication of HIV infection. Fur...
Source: Handbook of Clinical Neurology - March 29, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Predicting the oxygen cost of walking in hemiparetic stroke patients
Conclusion Cwfree was strongly correlated with Sfree, which allowed for the development of a valid Cwfree prediction model. A practitioner could estimate the energy expenditure of walking for a patient without using an indirect calorimeter.
Source: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - March 22, 2018 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Movement goals encoded within the cortex and muscle synergies to reduce redundancy pre and post-stroke. The relevance for gait rehabilitation and the prescription of walking-aids. A literature review and scholarly discussion.
Abstract Current knowledge of neural and neuromuscular processes controlling gait and movement as well as an understanding of how these mechanisms change following stroke is an important basis for the development of effective rehabilitation interventions. To support the translation of findings from basic research into useful treatments in clinical practice, up-to-date neuroscience should be presented in forms accessible to all members of the multidisciplinary team. In this review we discuss aspects of cortical control of gait and movement, muscle synergies as a way of translating cortical commands into specific mu...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - February 5, 2018 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Maguire CC, Sieben JM, De Bie RA Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

Visual Aids for Patient, Family, and Physician Decision Making About Endovascular Thrombectomy for Acute Ischemic Stroke Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Visual decision aids are now available to rapidly educate healthcare providers, patients, and families about benefits and risks of endovascular thrombectomy, both when added to IV tPA in tPA-eligible patients and as the sole reperfusion treatment in tPA-ineligible patients.
Source: Stroke - December 22, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Ivie Tokunboh, Marta Vales Montero, Matheus Fellipe Zopelaro Almeida, Latisha Sharma, Sidney Starkman, Viktor Szeder, Reza Jahan, David Liebeskind, Nestor Gonzalez, Andrew Demchuk, Michael T. Froehler, Mayank Goyal, Maarten G. Lansberg, Helmi Lutsep, Lee Tags: Ischemia, Revascularization, Treatment, Quality and Outcomes, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Factors Mediating Outcome After Stroke: Gender, Thrombolysis, and Their Interaction
AbstractSeveral studies, but not all, have shown that women benefit more from intravenous thrombolysis than men; few have accounted for pre-stroke mobility. Our aim was to determine whether there was an interaction between gender and thrombolysis treatment in 3-month modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score, after adjusting for pre-stroke mobility. We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 1390 consecutive ischemic stroke patients admitted between October 2012 and July 2015. The 3-month mRS was obtained from clinic visits. Thrombolysis-by-gender interaction was evaluated in univariate and multivariate analyses using ordinal ...
Source: Translational Stroke Research - October 24, 2017 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Fidelity to a motivational interviewing intervention for those with post-stroke aphasia: a small-scale feasibility study.
This study aimed to explore the feasibility of motivational interviewing (MI) in people with post-stroke aphasia. METHODS: In a small-scale feasibility study, consecutive patients admitted to an acute stroke ward were screened for eligibility. People with moderate to severe aphasia were eligible. Those consenting received an intervention consisting of up to eight MI sessions delivered twice per week over four weeks. Sessions were modified using aids and adaptations for aphasia. Session quality was measured using the Motivational Interviewing Skills Code (MISC) to assess MI fidelity. RESULTS: Three consenting pati...
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - September 27, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Holland EJ, Watkins CL, Boaden E, Lightbody CE Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research

Incidence of Stroke in the US Centers for AIDS Research (CFAR) Network of Integrated Clinical Systems (CNICS) Cohort (S51.008)
Conclusions:In this large study of neurologist adjudicated stroke in a HIV cohort, the AS stroke incidence rate was 337.7. The stroke rate was higher in women, African-Americans and older ages. These incidence data, combined with additional risk factor analyses, and comparisons with non-HIV cohorts, will allow better understanding of stroke in HIV, with the ultimate goal of improved outcomes.Study Supported by: NIAID, NHLBI (5R24AI067039) and AHA (13GRNT14560022)Disclosure: Dr. Tirschwell has received research support from St. Jude Medical and Bayer. Dr. Chow has nothing to disclose. Dr. Becker has received personal compen...
Source: Neurology - April 17, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Tirschwell, D., Chow, F., Becker, K., Marra, C., Zunt, J., Ho, E., Kalani, R., Huffer, A., Nance, R., Williams-Nguyen, J., Burkholder, G., Moore, R., Mathews, W., Eron, J., Drozd, D., Kitahata, M., Saag, M., Crane, H. Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease and Interventional Neurology: Stroke Prevention and Translation Source Type: research

Developing a Family of Visual Decision Aids for Intravenous and Endovascular Reperfusion Therapies for Acute Ischemic Stroke (S25.006)
Conclusions:Personograph visual decision aids are a promising approach to rapidly educating patients, family, and healthcare providers on the benefits and risks of the major reperfusion therapies for acute ischemic stroke.Disclosure: Dr. Tokunboh has nothing to disclose. Dr. Vales Montero has nothing to disclose. Dr. Zopelaro has nothing to disclose. Dr. Sharma has nothing to disclose. Dr. Gonzalez has received research support from NIH. Dr. Starkman has received research support from the National Institute of Health, Stryker, Biogen IDEC, Neuravi, Genentech, Covidien, and Astra-Zeneca. Dr. Szeder has nothing to disclose. ...
Source: Neurology - April 17, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Tokunboh, I., Montero, M. V., Zopelaro, M., Sharma, L., Gonzalez, N., Starkman, S., Szeder, V., Jahan, R., Liebeskind, D., Saver, J. Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease and Interventional Neurology: Prehospital and Emergency Department Ischemic Stroke Care Source Type: research

Delivering Knowledge of Stroke to Parents Through Their Children Using a Manga for Stroke Education in Elementary School
This study aimed to clarify the effectiveness of our new educational aids that were developed for elementary school children to impart information about stroke to children and their parents in 2 different ways: with or without stroke lessons by a neurologist.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - November 9, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Akiko Ishigami, Chiaki Yokota, Kunihiro Nishimura, Satoshi Ohyama, Shinya Tomari, Tenyu Hino, Takuro Arimizu, Shinichi Wada, Kazunori Toyoda, Kazuo Minematsu Source Type: research

The merging burden of HIV infection and stroke in the developing world
According to the WHO, at the end of 2014, the majority of the approximately 36.9 million people living with HIV/AIDS resided in low- to middle-income countries in sub-Saharan Africa.1 The same report indicated that cases in sub-Saharan Africa account for almost 70% of the global total of new HIV infections.1 The burden of stroke in developing countries parallels that of HIV/AIDS. Approximately 80% of people who have had a stroke live in low- to middle-income nations.2 Over the past 4 decades, stroke incidence in these countries has increased by more than 100%.3 In developing nations, HIV/AIDS and stroke are not mutually ex...
Source: Neurology - January 25, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Behrouz, R., Gottesman, R. F. Tags: Stroke in young adults, HIV, All Cerebrovascular disease/Stroke EDITORIALS Source Type: research

Stroke and the noncommunicable diseases: A global burden in need of global advocacy
Catalyzed by advocacy in the early period of the global AIDS crisis, the past decades have witnessed a revolution in global health funding, programs, and outcomes. In 2011, global HIV/AIDS programs received $7.7 billion of development assistance, amounting to 25% of total global health funding. In comparison, all noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) combined received only $377 million or 1.2% of global health funding, 20-fold less than HIV/AIDS funding.1 Taken together, NCDs cause an estimated 66% of yearly global mortality.2 The percentage of estimated total global mortality due to stroke (11.3%), a single NCD, exceeds that of...
Source: Neurology - May 25, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Berkowitz, A. L. Tags: Stroke prevention, All Cerebrovascular disease/Stroke GLOBAL PERSPECTIVES Source Type: research

Effects of Stroke Education of Junior High School Students on Stroke Knowledge of Their Parents: Tochigi Project Brief Reports
Conclusions— Improvement of stroke knowledge immediately after the stroke lesson was observed in parents as well as their children, which indicated that our teaching materials using the Manga was effective in delivering the stroke knowledge to parents through their children.
Source: Stroke - January 26, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Matsuzono, K., Yokota, C., Takekawa, H., Okamura, T., Miyamatsu, N., Nakayama, H., Nishimura, K., Ohyama, S., Ishigami, A., Okumura, K., Toyoda, K., Miyamoto, Y., Minematsu, K., on behalf of the Tochigi Junior High School Stroke Education Group, Participa Tags: Behavioral Changes and Stroke Brief Reports Source Type: research

Over-the-counter and Prescription Sleep Medication and Incident Stroke: The REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke Study
Conclusions: Over-the-counter sleep medication use may independently increase the risk of stroke beyond other risk factors in middle-aged to older individuals with no history of stroke.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - August 11, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Megan E. Petrov, Virginia J. Howard, Dawn Kleindorfer, Michael A. Grandner, Jennifer R. Molano, George Howard Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Stroke Education Using an Animated Cartoon and a Manga for Junior High School Students
Conclusions: Stroke education using these teaching aids of the animated cartoon and the Manga improved stroke knowledge in junior high school students.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - March 31, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Yuya Shigehatake, Chiaki Yokota, Tatsuo Amano, Yasuhiro Tomii, Yasuteru Inoue, Takaaki Hagihara, Kazunori Toyoda, Kazuo Minematsu Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Walking 'aids stroke recovery'
Taking a regular walk can help recovery from a stroke, according to a study.
Source: Telegraph Health - March 7, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: walking health stroke exercise Source Type: news