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Total 58 results found since Jan 2013.

Extrarenal manifestations of the hemolytic uremic syndrome associated with Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC HUS)
AbstractHemolytic uremic syndrome is commonly caused by Shiga toxin-producingEscherichia coli (STEC). Up to 15% of individuals with STEC-associated hemorrhagic diarrhea develop hemolytic uremic syndrome (STEC HUS). Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a disorder comprising of thrombocytopenia, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, and acute kidney injury. The kidney is the most commonly affected organ and approximately half of the affected patients require dialysis. Other organ systems can also be affected including the central nervous system and the gastrointestinal, cardiac, and musculoskeletal systems. Neurological complicat...
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - October 29, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Introduction to Purinergic Signaling.
Abstract Purinergic signaling was proposed in 1972, after it was demonstrated that adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP) was a transmitter in nonadrenergic, noncholinergic inhibitory nerves supplying the guinea-pig taenia coli. Later, ATP was identified as an excitatory cotransmitter in sympathetic and parasympathetic nerves, and it is now apparent that ATP acts as a cotransmitter in most, if not all, nerves in both the peripheral nervous system and central nervous system (CNS). ATP acts as a short-term signaling molecule in neurotransmission, neuromodulation, and neurosecretion. It also has potent, long-term (trophic) ...
Source: Mol Biol Cell - October 27, 2019 Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Burnstock G Tags: Methods Mol Biol Source Type: research

Challenge to the Intestinal Mucosa During Sepsis
Conclusion The impact of sepsis on the gut is manifold, e.g., sepsis mediated alteration of the gut-blood barrier and increase in the intestinal permeability, which may correlate with the phenomena of bacterial translocation and lymphatic activation (“toxic-lymph”). Systemic consequences of sepsis are widespread and concern to the coagulative system, the microbiome as well as enzymes, such as pancreatic proteases, MMPs and IAPs. Nevertheless, the therapeutic approaches for modulating the mucosal immune system are still rarely effective in daily routine. Recent published studies showing that treatment with ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - April 30, 2019 Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

Pentraxin 3 in Cardiovascular Disease
Giuseppe Ristagno1*, Francesca Fumagalli1, Barbara Bottazzi2, Alberto Mantovani2,3,4, Davide Olivari1, Deborah Novelli1 and Roberto Latini1 1Department of Cardiovascular Research, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research IRCCS, Milan, Italy 2Humanitas Clinical and Research Center-IRCCS, Milan, Italy 3Humanitas University, Milan, Italy 4The William Harvey Research Institute, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom The long pentraxin PTX3 is a member of the pentraxin family produced locally by stromal and myeloid cells in response to proinflammatory signals and microbial moieties. The p...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - April 17, 2019 Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

A Comparison of Three Different Bioinformatics Analyses of the 16S –23S rRNA Encoding Region for Bacterial Identification
Conclusion The higher resolution at the species level identification provided by 16S–23S rRNA encoding region NGS makes its use in routine diagnostic microbiology potentially attractive. Particularly, data analysis is one of the most important steps of a diagnostic workflow, which requires an optimal pipeline for the interpretation of the sequencing data in a short time. This study demonstrates that de novo assembly and subsequent BLASTN analysis using an in-house developed database compared to OTU clustering and mapping approaches is the most accurate and fastest approach for identification of bacterial pathogens....
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - April 16, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Plant-Derived Alkaloids: The Promising Disease-Modifying Agents for Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Conclusion This paper summarizes the current findings regarding the anti-colitis activity of plant-derived alkaloids and shows how these alkaloids exhibit significant and beneficial effects in alleviating colonic inflammation. These natural alkaloids are not only promising agents for IBD treatment but are also components for developing new wonder drugs. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms or toxicological evaluation of most plant-derived alkaloids still require much scientific research, and their actual efficacies for IBD patients have not been verified well in field research. Thus, further clinical trials to elu...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - April 12, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Isolation of Antimicrobial Compounds From Cnestis ferruginea Vahl ex. DC (Connaraceae) Leaves Through Bioassay-Guided Fractionation
Conclusion In conclusion, aqueous extracts of C. ferruginea leaves showed antimicrobial activity due to the presence of hydroquinone and caffeic acid methyl ester. This supports its traditional use for infections and confirmed that the active molecules are water-soluble. Author Contributions KK, SP, LVP, and WL conceived and designed the experiments. SP, KK, M-RY, and J-GL performed the experiments. SP, LVP, WL, M-RY, J-GL, and Z-HJ analyzed the data. WL and Z-HJ contributed reagents, materials, and analysis tools. KK, SP, WL, M-RY, Z-HJ, and LVP contributed to the writing of the manuscript. All authors contributed to m...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - April 11, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Etiology and Outcomes of Thrombotic Microangiopathies.
CONCLUSIONS: Secondary thrombotic microangiopathies represent the majority of thrombotic microangiopathies. Multiple thrombotic microangiopathies causes are present in one half of secondary thrombotic microangiopathies. The risks of dialysis, neurologic and cardiac complications, and death vary by the cause of thrombotic microangiopathies. PODCAST: This article contains a podcast at https://www.asn-online.org/media/podcast/CJASN/2019_03_12_CJASNPodcast_19_04_.mp3. PMID: 30862697 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : CJASN - March 12, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Bayer G, von Tokarski F, Thoreau B, Bauvois A, Barbet C, Cloarec S, Mérieau E, Lachot S, Garot D, Bernard L, Gyan E, Perrotin F, Pouplard C, Maillot F, Gatault P, Sautenet B, Rusch E, Buchler M, Vigneau C, Fakhouri F, Halimi JM Tags: Clin J Am Soc Nephrol Source Type: research

Hemodynamic consequences of intravenously given E. coli suspension: observations in a fulminant sepsis model in pigs, a descriptive case –control study
ConclusionsThese results may serve as additional pathophysiological information of hemodynamic changes occurring during hypodynamic sepsis and may contribute to a better understanding of the pathomechanism of septic multiple organ failure.
Source: European Journal of Medical Research - February 13, 2019 Category: Research Source Type: research

The use of bedside echocardiography for measuring cardiac index and systemic vascular resistance in pediatric patients with septic shock
Conclusion: There was a persistently high systemic vascular resistance index in cold shock patients that influenced the stroke volume index, cardiac index, and velocity time integral. The use of echocardiograms for hemodynamic measurements is important in pediatric septic shock patients to adjust dilators, and vasopressor doses and achieve resuscitation targets in a timely manner.
Source: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva - January 17, 2019 Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research

The Emergence of Non-communicable Disease in Indonesia.
Authors: Purnamasari D Abstract Based on data from the Indonesian Ministry of Health Information Center, the estimated population of Indonesia in 2016 was approximately 258,704,986 people, consisted of 129,988,690 men and 128,716,296 women. This number of Indonesian population represents young population since the proportion of population aged 0-14 years is more than that aged >14 years. Meanwhile, the proportion of population aged 50 years and above is significantly reduced, which is thought to be due to high mortality rate in the middle-aged population. The mortality rate in  Indonesia is dominated by non-com...
Source: Acta medica Indonesiana - January 13, 2019 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Acta Med Indones Source Type: research

Not Just Acid Reflux: The Need to Think Worst First
Discussion Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States.1 This year, 720,000 Americans will have a new coronary event—defined as first hospitalized myocardial infarction (MI) or coronary heart disease death—and around 335,000 will have a recurrent event. Approximately 35% of people who experience a coronary event in a given year and around 14% of patients who have an acute coronary syndrome will die from it.1 Roughly 60% of patients with an acute coronary syndrome are transported to the emergency department via ambulance.2–4. Up to one-third of patients experiencing an MI may not complain of chest...
Source: JEMS Special Topics - January 13, 2019 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Stephen Sanko, MD, FACEP Tags: Exclusive Articles Cardiac & Resuscitation Source Type: news

A Polymorphism in Toll-like Receptor 2 Gene Is Associated with Occurrence of Bacterial Infections in Sickle Cell Disease Patients
Discussion: In SCD pts, TLR-2 rs4696480 TA genotype might be protective against bacterial infections, whereas TT genotype might increase risk of such infections. Previous reports demonstrated higher secretion of inflammatory factors in cells from AA individuals, lower occurrence and severity of immune diseases in T carriers. TA genotype might stand between deleterious effects of over inflammatory response (AA genotype) and under response (TT genotype) to infectious agents.DisclosuresNo relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
Source: Blood - November 21, 2018 Category: Hematology Authors: Tozatto-Maio, K., Girot, R., Ly, I. D., Rocha, V., Pinto, A. C. S., Diagne, I., Benzerara, Y., Dinardo, C. L., Kashima, S., Araujo, I. L., Kenzey, C., Fonseca, G. H. H., Rodrigues, E., Volt, F., Jarduli, L. R., Ruggeri, A., Mariaselvam, C. M., Gualandro, Tags: 113. Hemoglobinopathies, Excluding Thalassemia-Basic and Translational Science: Poster III Source Type: research

Genetically encoded sensor tracks changes in oxygen levels with very high sensitivity
(Tokyo Institute of Technology) Based on a protein from E. coli, scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology have developed a fluorescent protein sensor able to provide real-time information on dynamic changes in oxygen levels with very high sensitivity. As the oxygen level is a major determinant of cellular function, the idea behind this sensor may revolutionize our ability to detect cellular changes of critical importance, such as in tumors and following stroke and heart attack
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - August 30, 2018 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

How are Malformations of the Cerebral Cortex Grouped?
Discussion Cerebral cortex development is an extremely complex process overall. Our current understanding is incomplete and constantly changing as our understanding of genetics and the processes each gene controls emerges from scientific research. Neural cells are produced in the subventicular zone of the pallial or dorsal germinal epithelium. They then differentiate and migrate radially or tangentially to the cerebral cortex and organize themselves to function. Malformations of cortical development (MCD) is a heterogeneneous group of disorders that cause defective cortical development. These disorders are broadly catego...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - July 23, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Microbiological Etiologies of Pneumonia Complicating Stroke Clinical Sciences
Conclusions—Although the analysis was limited by small and heterogeneous study populations, limiting determination of microbiological causality, this review suggests aerobic Gram-negative bacilli and Gram-positive cocci are frequently associated with pneumonia complicating stroke. This supports the need for appropriately designed studies to determine microbial cause and a consensus-based approach in antibiotic usage and further targeted antibiotic treatment trials for enhanced antibiotic stewardship.
Source: Stroke - June 25, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Amit K. Kishore, Andy Vail, Adam R. Jeans, Angel Chamorro, Mario Di Napoli, Lalit Kalra, Peter Langhorne, Christine Roffe, Willeke Westendorp, Paul J. Nederkoorn, Javier Garau, Diederik van de Beek, Joan Montaner, Mark Woodhead, Andreas Meisel, Craig J. S Tags: Complications, Meta Analysis, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke Original Contributions Source Type: research

Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome and eculizumab therapy in children.
Authors: Kim SH, Kim HY, Kim SY Abstract Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is often encountered in children with acute kidney injury. Besides the well-known shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli-associated HUS, atypical HUS (aHUS) caused by genetic complement dysregulation has been studied recently. aHUS is a rare, chronic, and devastating disorder that progressively damages systemic organs, resulting in stroke, end-stage renal disease, and death. The traditional treatment for aHUS is mainly plasmapheresis or plasma infusion; however, many children with aHUS will progress to chronic kidney disease despite plasma the...
Source: Korean Journal of Pediatrics - March 25, 2018 Category: Pediatrics Tags: Korean J Pediatr Source Type: research

Severe Symptoms, but a Truly Treatable Disease
​BY NOURA MAHDI; DARRON LEWIS; JEREMY OSBORNE; & AHMED RAZIUDDIN, MDA 73-year-old man was brought to the emergency department from his nursing home for rectal bleeding and anemia. The patient mentioned he had had episodes of bright red rectal bleeding and constipation for a few months. A colonoscopy had been done prior to the visit, which revealed a large intestine tumor and biopsy confirming adenocarcinoma. He was awaiting an appointment with his surgeon.The patient reported bloody rectal leakage, and a CBC done at the nursing home showed a hemoglobin level of 7.2. He also complained of dyspnea but denied any other ...
Source: The Case Files - March 20, 2018 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: research

PAR1 biased signaling is required for activated protein C in vivo benefits in sepsis and stroke
Activated protein C (APC) cleaves protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR1) in vitro at R46 to initiate beneficial cell signaling; however, thrombin and APC can cleave at R41. To elucidate PAR1-dependent aspects of the pharmacologic in vivo mechanisms of APC, we generated C57BL/6 mouse strains carrying QQ41 or QQ46 point mutations in PAR1 (F2r gene). Using these strains, we determined whether or not recombinant murine signaling-selective APC mutants would reduce septic death or provide neuroprotection against ischemic stroke when mice carried PAR1-homozygous mutations that prevent cleavage at either R41 or R46. Intercrossing PA...
Source: Blood - March 15, 2018 Category: Hematology Authors: Sinha, R. K., Wang, Y., Zhao, Z., Xu, X., Burnier, L., Gupta, N., Fernandez, J. A., Martin, G., Kupriyanov, S., Mosnier, L. O., Zlokovic, B. V., Griffin, J. H. Tags: Plenary Papers, Thrombosis and Hemostasis, Vascular Biology Source Type: research

Guillain-Barr é syndrome following varicella-zoster virus infection
We describe the frequency, clinical features, and electrophysiological and immunological phenotypes of Guillain-Barr é Syndrome (GBS) patients treated at a single institution in Bangladesh who had preceding chicken pox (primary Varicella-zoster virus [VZV] infection) within 4 weeks of GBS onset. A literature review of GBS cases preceding VZV infection is also provided. Diagnosis of GBS was based on the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke criteria for GBS. Serum anti-VZV IgM and IgG antibodies were quantified by indirect chemiluminescence immunoassay (CLIA); anti-Campylobacter jejuni IgG, IgM, and IgA ...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - February 6, 2018 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Aortic dissection in the thrombolysis era: Rare but potentially fatal cause of stroke
Fabio Pilato, Francesco Iodice, Marisa Distefano, Paolo Profice, Antonella Coli, Rosalinda CalandrelliNeurology India 2017 65(6):1395-1399
Source: Neurology India - November 10, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Fabio Pilato Francesco Iodice Marisa Distefano Paolo Profice Antonella Coli Rosalinda Calandrelli Source Type: research

MassDevice.com +5 | The top 5 medtech stories for July 25, 2017
Say hello to MassDevice +5, a bite-sized view of the top five medtech stories of the day. This feature of MassDevice.com’s coverage highlights our 5 biggest and most influential stories from the day’s news to make sure you’re up to date on the headlines that continue to shape the medical device industry. Get this in your inbox everyday by subscribing to our newsletters.   5. How a single drop of blood can detect sepsis Sepsis can be identified by a single drop of blood, thanks to a lab-on-a-chip device from the University of Illinois. Researchers at the University of Illinois and the Carle Foundati...
Source: Mass Device - July 25, 2017 Category: Medical Devices Authors: MassDevice Tags: News Well Plus 5 Source Type: news

Time-series Analysis of Heat Waves and Emergency Department Visits in Atlanta, 1993 to 2012
Conclusions: Heat waves can confer additional risks of ED visits beyond those of daily air temperature, even in a region with high air-conditioning prevalence. https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP44 Received: 29 February 2016 Revised: 13 October 2016 Accepted: 24 October 2016 Published: 31 May 2017 Address correspondence to H.H. Chang, Department of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Emory University, 1518 Clifton Rd. NE, Atlanta, Georgia 30322. Telephone: (404) 712-4627; E-mail: howard.chang@emory.edu Supplemental Material is available online (https://doi.org/10.1289/EHP44). The authors declare they have no actual ...
Source: EHP Research - May 31, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Terrie Young Tags: Research Source Type: research

Miller fisher syndrome presenting with prodromal thunderclap headache
Conclusions Although not radiographically confirmed, we postulate the headache may have been due to reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS), given the characteristics of the headache and dramatic response to nimodipine. Although headache is infrequently observed in Miller Fisher syndrome, the exact aetiology is unclear and there has been no previously reported association with RCVS.
Source: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry - May 8, 2017 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Waters, M. J., Kiley, M. Tags: Abstracts Source Type: research

Zika associated Guillain-Barre syndrome in the United States (P2.327)
Conclusions:Zika can induce GBS after a brief viral illness. Neuropathy can be a mixture of demyelinating and axonal. Dysautonomia may also be present including severe dysphagia, orthostatics and retention.Zika RNA has a short detection window in serum and CSF making a diagnosis time sensitive. Serological assays using IgM and IgG cross-react with other flaviviruses making them unable to differentiate between recent Zika exposure and cross reactivity with Dengue and Chikungunya. Our pt likely had prior exposure to Dengue, being from an endemic area. Prior Dengue exposure may possibly modulate the response to Zika via antib...
Source: Neurology - April 17, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Tantillo, G., Sclar, G., Vasa, C., Shin, S., Sivak, M. Tags: Zika, Chikungunya, West Nile Virus, and Other Viral Infections I Source Type: research

Added value of interleukin-1 blockade to hypothermia in neonatal encephalopathy due to inflammatory-sensitized hypoxia-ischemia: a preclinical study. (P3.212)
Conclusions:Our results demonstrate that IL-1Ra (50mg/kg) has an added value to the neuroprotective effect of HT in LPS+HI-induced NE. This project could open new therapeutic avenues to prevent CP.Study Supported by:CIHR, FRQ-S, Heart and Stroke Foundation, "Tranzyme-Pharma" scholarship fom Université de Sherbrooke, and Foundation of Stars.Disclosure: Dr. Chevin has nothing to disclose. Dr. Guiraut has nothing to disclose. Dr. Sebire has nothing to disclose.
Source: Neurology - April 17, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Chevin, M., Guiraut, C., Sebire, G. Tags: Child Neurology I Source Type: research

Incidence of fatal snake bite in Australia: A coronial based retrospective study (2000-2016).
CONCLUSIONS: Death from snake bite remains rare in Australia, and has maintained a steady rate for over 20 years. Usually considered a 'rural issue', and with varying recorded causes of death, a nationally co-ordinated effort to further review the national picture of envenoming in Australia can inform education and resource needs within state and local contexts. PMID: 28288937 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Toxicon - March 10, 2017 Category: Toxicology Authors: Welton R, Liew D, Braitberg G Tags: Toxicon Source Type: research

Telomere Length, Long-Term Black Carbon Exposure, and Cognitive Function in a Cohort of Older Men: The VA Normative Aging Study
Conclusions: TL and CRP levels may help predict the impact of BC exposure on cognitive function in older men. Citation: Colicino E, Wilson A, Frisardi MC, Prada D, Power MC, Hoxha M, Dioni L, Spiro A III, Vokonas PS, Weisskopf MG, Schwartz JD, Baccarelli AA. 2017. Telomere length, long-term black carbon exposure, and cognitive function in a cohort of older men: the VA Normative Aging Study. Environ Health Perspect 125:76–81; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/EHP241 Address correspondence to E. Colicino, Department of Environmental Health, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, 665 Huntington Ave., Building 1, Room G03, Bos...
Source: EHP Research - January 2, 2017 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Web Admin Tags: Research Articles January 2017 Source Type: research

Chemical composition and antioxidant activities of essential oils from different parts of the oregano.
Abstract This research was undertaken in order to characterize the chemical compositions and evaluate the antioxidant activities of essential oils obtained from different parts of the Origanum vulgare L. It is a medicinal plant used in traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of heat stroke, fever, vomiting, acute gastroenteritis, and respiratory disorders. The chemical compositions of the three essential oils from different parts of the oregano (leaves-flowers, stems, and roots) were identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The antioxidant activity of each essential oil was assessed using...
Source: J Zhejiang Univ Sci ... - January 1, 2017 Category: Science Authors: Han F, Ma GQ, Yang M, Yan L, Xiong W, Shu JC, Zhao ZD, Xu HL Tags: J Zhejiang Univ Sci B Source Type: research

SUMOylation of NaV1.2 channels mediates the early response to acute hypoxia in central neurons
The mechanism for the earliest response of central neurons to hypoxia —an increase in voltage-gated sodium current (INa) —has been unknown. Here, we show that hypoxia activates the Small Ubiquitin-like Modifier (SUMO) pathway in rat cerebellar granule neurons (CGN) and that SUMOylation of NaV1.2 channels increasesINa. The time-course for SUMOylation of single NaV1.2 channels at the cell surface and changes inINa coincide, and both are prevented by mutation of NaV1.2-Lys38 or application of a deSUMOylating enzyme. Within 40 s, hypoxia-induced linkage of SUMO1 to the channels is complete, shifting the voltage-dependence ...
Source: eLife - December 28, 2016 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: E. coli Human Human Biology and Medicine hypoxia ischemia Neuroscience Rat SCN2A stroke SUMO Source Type: research

Distensibility index of the inferior vena cava in experimental acute respiratory distress syndrome
In conclusion, a dIVC threshold<25% was associated with positive response after volume expansion and could be used to titrate fluids in endotoxin-induced ARDS.
Source: Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology - December 23, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Bagged salads 'pose salmonella risk,' say researchers
Conclusion This laboratory study principally demonstrates that salad leaf juice – released from salad leaves when they are damaged or broken – supports the growth of salmonella bacteria, even at fridge temperature. If leaves are contaminated with salmonella, this isn't removed by washing in water. The results don't show that all packaged salad leaves are contaminated with gut bacteria like salmonella. What they do show is that if the bags have been contaminated with gut bacteria, these bacteria will replicate, even in the fridge, and there's little you can do to remove them. The best thing to do is to throw the bag o...
Source: NHS News Feed - November 21, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Food/diet Source Type: news

The model homologue of the partially defective human 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase, considered as a risk factor for stroke due to increased homocysteine level, can be protected and reactivated by heat shock proteins
AbstractThe A222  V substitution in the humanMTHFR gene product (5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase) is responsible for a decreased activity of this enzyme. This may cause an increased homocysteine level, considered as a risk factor for arteriosclerosis and stroke. The bacterial homologue of the human enzyme, MetF, has been found to be a useful model in genetic and biochemical studies. The similarity ofEscherichia coli MetF and human MTHFR proteins is so high that particular mutations in the corresponding human gene can be reflected by the bacterial mutants. For example, the A222  V substitution in MTHFR (caused by...
Source: Metabolic Brain Disease - September 22, 2016 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

In the Raw: To Cook or Not to Cook?
Imagine never again savoring the smell of baking cakes or charbroiled steak. Could you? Why would you? Yet some people worldwide are turning away not only from meat and processed food, but also from cooking. Welcome to the raw food diet. As the Standard American Diet becomes more fat-laden, sugar-sated, and processed, the prevalence of metabolic disorders, obesity, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) are soaring. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), obesity now affects nearly 35 percent of the population of the United States, over 29 million people have been diagnosed with t...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - August 4, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Engineering, expression and purification of a chimeric fibrin-specific streptokinase
Publication date: Available online 3 August 2016 Source:Protein Expression and Purification Author(s): Mohammad Naser Taheri, Abbas Behzad-Behbahani, Gholamreza Rafiei Dehbidi, Saeede Salehi, Sedigheh Sharifzadeh Streptokinase is a valuable fibrinolytic agent used to cope with myocardial infarction and brain stroke. Despite its high efficiency in dissolving blood clots, streptokinase (SK) has no specificity in binding fibrin, causing some problems such as internal bleedings following its administration. To make streptokinase fibrin specific and limit the fibrinolytic process to the clot location, we engineered a chimeric ...
Source: Protein Expression and Purification - August 3, 2016 Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

Evaluation of laser bacterial anti ‐fouling of transparent nanocrystalline yttria‐stabilized‐zirconia cranial implant
ConclusionsOur results show that E. coli biofilm formation across the thickness of the nc‐YSZ implant can be disrupted using NIR laser treatment. The results of this in vitro study suggest that using nc‐YSZ as a cranial implant in vivo may also allow for locally selective, non‐invasive, chronic treatment of bacterial layers (fouling) that might form under cranial implants, without causing adverse thermal damage to the underlying host tissue when appropriate laser parameters are used. Lasers Surg. Med. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Source: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine - July 8, 2016 Category: Laser Surgery Authors: Yasaman Damestani, Natalie De Howitt, David L. Halaney, Javier E. Garay, Guillermo Aguilar Tags: Basic Science Source Type: research

Evaluation of laser bacterial anti‐fouling of transparent nanocrystalline yttria‐stabilized‐zirconia cranial implant
ConclusionsOur results show that E. coli biofilm formation across the thickness of the nc‐YSZ implant can be disrupted using NIR laser treatment. The results of this in vitro study suggest that using nc‐YSZ as a cranial implant in vivo may also allow for locally selective, non‐invasive, chronic treatment of bacterial layers (fouling) that might form under cranial implants, without causing adverse thermal damage to the underlying host tissue when appropriate laser parameters are used. Lasers Surg. Med. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Source: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine - July 1, 2016 Category: Laser Surgery Authors: Yasaman Damestani, Natalie De Howitt, David L. Halaney, Javier E. Garay, Guillermo Aguilar Tags: Basic Science Source Type: research

Native Valve Emphysematous Endocarditis Caused by Finegoldia magna in a Novel Pathogenic Role
We describe a case of native valve emphysematous endocarditis presenting with stroke and ultimately leading to left ventricular rupture and the patient's untimely death. Premortem blood cultures and postmortem pathologic and histologic examination yielded Finegoldia magna (formerly Peptostreptococcus magnus) in a novel pathogenic role. As detection methods continue to improve for Finegoldia magna, it is important to increase awareness of the pathogenic role of this organism.
Source: Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice - December 28, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Cloning, Prokaryotic Expression and Functional Analysis of Squalene Synthase (SQS) in Magnolia officinalis
In this study, a full-length cDNA of squalene synthase was cloned from M. officinalis and designated MoSQS (GenBank accession no.KT223496). The gene contains a 1240-bp open reading frame and it encodes a protein with 409 amino acids. Bioinformatic and phylogenetic analysis clearly suggested that MoSQS shared high similarity with squalene synthases among other plants. Prokaryotic expression showed that a transmembrane domain-deleted (385–409 aa) MoSQS mutant (MoSQSΔTM) could be expressed in its soluble form in Escherichia coli Transetta (DE3). GC-MS analysis showed that squalene was detected in an in vitro reaction mixtu...
Source: Protein Expression and Purification - December 13, 2015 Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

Do Physically Active Patients Have Better Functional Outcome after Stroke? A Systematic Review
Stroke is one of the major causes of mortality and, among survivors, disability. Physical activity has a protective effect maybe due to a major control of risk factors, such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and body weight. However, the effect of prestroke physical activity and the poststroke functional outcomes needs clarification.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - December 3, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Mariely Trigo Tumasz, Tathiana Trócoli, Matheus Fernandes de Oliveira, Ricardo Rezende Campos, Ricardo Vieira Botelho Source Type: research

10 Scary Ways Your Office Job Is Killing You
This article originally appeared on YourTango. More from YourTango: Why I'm Giving Up My Cushy Job To Travel The World In An RV 7 Ways To Keep Their Passive-Aggression From Driving You Nuts 10 Uplifting Quotes That Will Get You Through The Day 5 Things You MUST Try Before Turning To Mood-Boosting Medicines Quotes To Share With Your Long-Distance Lover Also on HuffPost: -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - October 28, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Rosiglitazone Promotes White Matter Integrity and Long-Term Functional Recovery After Focal Cerebral Ischemia Basic Sciences
Conclusions— Rosiglitazone treatment improves long-term white matter integrity after cerebral ischemia, at least, in part, by promoting oligodendrogenesis and facilitating microglial polarization toward the beneficial M2 phenotype.
Source: Stroke - August 24, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Han, L., Cai, W., Mao, L., Liu, J., Li, P., Leak, R. K., Xu, Y., Hu, X., Chen, J. Tags: Other Stroke Treatment - Medical Basic Sciences Source Type: research

Super Nutrient’s Liver Surprise
I was one of the first doctors to talk about the incredible benefits of the super-nutrient pyrroloquinoline quinone, or PQQ for short. I was also one of the first doctors to recommend it to patients. Now I recommend this essential nutrient and powerful antioxidant to almost everyone who comes to see me at my wellness clinic. Researchers have only just recently begun to understand the many important roles of PQQ on the body’s cellular processes. Not only does it possess extraordinary energy-giving qualities and have the power to ease nerve pain and battle Alzheimer’s, it has the potential to become the world’s stronge...
Source: Al Sears, MD Natural Remedies - June 10, 2015 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Dr. Al Sears Tags: Anti-Aging Cancer CoQ10 Source Type: news

Disproportionate effects of dementia on hospital discharge disposition in common hospitalization categories
CONCLUSIONSDementia proportions in many hospitalization categories have increased. The variable effect of dementia on home discharge suggests that dementia has a differential influence on hospital discharge disposition depending on the DRG. These findings have implications for healthcare allocation and long‐term care planning. Journal of Hospital Medicine 2015. © 2015 Society of Hospital Medicine
Source: Journal of Hospital Medicine - June 7, 2015 Category: Hospital Management Authors: Robert Y. Lin, Brian C. Scanlan, William Liao, Truc Phuong Thanh Nguyen Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Effects of early hemodynamic resuscitation on left ventricular performance and microcirculatory function during endotoxic shock
Background: Microcirculation and macrohemodynamics are severely compromised during septic shock. However, the relationship between these two compartments needs to be further investigated. We hypothesized that early resuscitation restores left ventricular (LV) performance and microcirculatory function but fails to prevent metabolic disorders. We studied the effects of an early resuscitation protocol (ERP) on LV pressure/volume loops-derived parameters, sublingual microcirculation, and metabolic alterations during endotoxic shock. Methods: Twenty-five pigs were randomized into three groups: LPS group: Escherichia coli lipopo...
Source: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental - May 8, 2015 Category: Surgery Authors: Alejandra LópezJuan GrignolaMartín AnguloIgnacio AlvezNicolás NinGonzalo LacuestaManuel BazPablo CardinalIvana PrestesJuan BouchacourtJuan RivaCan InceFrancisco Hurtado Source Type: research

Misdiagnosis in Young Patients with Ischemic Stroke (P7.122)
Conclusions It is essential to increase awareness that young patients with stroke may present to emergency department with minor symptoms of artery dissection mainly involving the posterior circulation and lacking cardiovascular risk factors.Disclosure: Dr. Leon has nothing to disclose. Dr. Pantiu has nothing to disclose. Dr. Quiroga has nothing to disclose. Dr. Bonardo has nothing to disclose. Dr. Uribe has nothing to disclose. Dr. Mazziotti has received research support from Shire Pharmaceuticals Group. Dr. Zinnerman has nothing to disclose. Dr. Martinez has nothing to disclose. Dr. Sotelo has nothing to disclose. Dr. Ju...
Source: Neurology - April 8, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Leon, L., Pantiu, F., Quiroga, J., Bonardo, P., Uribe, C., Mazziotti, J., Zinnerman, A., Martinez, A., Sotelo, A., Jure, L., Nofal, P., Bendersky, E., Sposato, L. A., Riccio, P., Reisin, R., Fernandez Pardal, M. Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease and Interventional Neurology: Stroke in Young Source Type: research

Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Administration Mediated Oligodendrocyte Differentiation and Myelin Formation in Subcortical Ischemic Stroke Basic Sciences
Conclusions— BDNF administration exerted better functional outcome, oligodendrogenesis, remyelination, and fiber connectivity than controls in rats subjected to subcortical damage in ischemic stroke.
Source: Stroke - December 22, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Ramos-Cejudo, J., Gutierrez-Fernandez, M., Otero-Ortega, L., Rodriguez-Frutos, B., Fuentes, B., Vallejo-Cremades, M. T., Hernanz, T. N., Cerdan, S., Diez-Tejedor, E. Tags: Animal models of human disease, Acute Cerebral Infarction, Neuroprotectors Basic Sciences Source Type: research

Histone deacetylase expression in white matter oligodendrocytes after stroke
Publication date: November 2014 Source:Neurochemistry International, Volume 77 Author(s): Haifa Kassis , Michael Chopp , Xian Shuang Liu , Amjad Shehadah , Cynthia Roberts , Zheng Gang Zhang Histone deacetylases (HDACs) constitute a super-family of enzymes grouped into four major classes (Class I–IV) that deacetylate histone tails leading to chromatin condensation and gene repression. Whether stroke-induced oligodendrogenesis is related to the expression of individual HDACs in the oligodendrocyte lineage has not been investigated. We found that 2days after stroke, oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) and mature olig...
Source: Neurochemistry International - November 4, 2014 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Visualizing the kinetic power stroke that drives proton-coupled zinc(ii) transport
Nature advance online publication 22 June 2014. doi:10.1038/nature13382 Authors: Sayan Gupta, Jin Chai, Jie Cheng, Rhijuta D’Mello, Mark R. Chance & Dax Fu The proton gradient is a principal energy source for respiration-dependent active transport, but the structural mechanisms of proton-coupled transport processes are poorly understood. YiiP is a proton-coupled zinc transporter found in the cytoplasmic membrane of Escherichia coli. Its transport site receives protons from water molecules that gain access to its hydrophobic environment and transduces the energy of an inward proton gradient to drive Zn(ii) efflux...
Source: Nature AOP - June 22, 2014 Category: Research Authors: Sayan GuptaJin ChaiJie ChengRhijuta D’MelloMark R. ChanceDax Fu Tags: Letter Source Type: research