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Total 244 results found since Jan 2013.

Stroke Systems of Care during the COVID-19 Epidemic in Kobe City
The novel coronavirus disease 2019  (COVID-19), first reported in Wuhan, China, in December 2019, spread worldwide in 2020. As of June 1, 2020, the estimated number of global cases and deaths has exceeded 6 million and 370,000, respectively.1 In Japan, the number of reported cases increased sharply in March 2020, with community tran smission presenting at the highest rate in urban areas, leading to a state of emergency being declared by the Japanese government on April 7. Subsequently, on April 9, the Japan Stroke Society and the Japanese Circulation Society issued a joint statement on the importance of maintaining high-q...
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - September 29, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Nobuyuki Ohara, Hirotoshi Imamura, Hidemitsu Adachi, Yoshie Hara, Kohkichi Hosoda, Hidehito Kimura, Kazuyuki Kuwayama, Takashi Mizowaki, Yasuhiko Motooka, Kazuya Nakashima, Narihide Shinoda, Takeshi Takamoto, Yasushi Ueno, Ikuya Yamaura, Chie Yanagihara, Source Type: research

Daily intermittent fasting in mice enhances morphine-induced antinociception while mitigating reward, tolerance, and constipation
The opioid epidemic has plagued the United States with high levels of abuse and poor quality of life for chronic pain patients requiring continuous use of opioids. New drug discovery efforts have been implemented to mitigate this epidemic; however, new medications are still limited by low efficacy and/or high side effect and abuse potential. Intermittent fasting (IF) has recently been shown to improve a variety of pathological states, including stroke and neuroinflammation. Numerous animal and human studies have shown the benefits of IF in these disease states, but not in pain and opioid treatment. We thus subjected male a...
Source: Pain - September 24, 2020 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

Characteristics of Acute Stroke in Patients with Coronavirus Disease 2019 and Challenges in Stroke Management during an Epidemic.
Abstract Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an ongoing pandemic infection associated with high morbidity and mortality. The Korean city of Daegu endured the first large COVID-19 outbreak outside of China. Since the report of the first confirmed case in Daegu on February 18, 2020, a total of 6,880 patients have been reported until May 29, 2020. We experienced five patients with ischemic stroke and COVID-19 during this period in four tertiary hospitals in Daegu. The D-dimer levels were high in all three patients in whom D-dimer blood testing was performed. Multiple embolic infarctions were observed in three pati...
Source: J Korean Med Sci - September 6, 2020 Category: General Medicine Authors: Kwon DH, Do Y, Eun MY, Lee J, Park H, Sohn SI, Hong JH Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Comparison of Frequency of Atrial Fibrillation in Blacks versus Whites and the Utilization of Race in a Novel Risk Score
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most prevalent sustained arrhythmia in the world, with over 30 million people affected as of 2010.1 The number of patients projected to develop AF will double over the next decade.2 AF is independently associated with an increased risk of stroke,3 heart failure (HF),4 and mortality.5 It is not surprising, thus, that AF assumes a sizeable share of health care expenditure and its magnitude is reaching epidemic proportions.6 Blacks despite having a higher prevalence of traditional risk factors for AF, such as HF, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus, have been shown to have a lower incidence of AF.
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - August 27, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Gurukripa N. Kowlgi, Sampath Gunda, Santosh K. Padala, Jayanthi N. Koneru, Abhishek J. Deshmukh, Kenneth A. Ellenbogen Source Type: research

The effect of COVID-19 on stroke hospitalizations in New York City
Little is known about the effect of the Coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic on stroke care and the impact of the epidemic on acute stroke hospitalizations has not been described.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - August 11, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Charles Esenwa, Michael K. Parides, Daniel L. Labovitz Source Type: research

Thromboembolic events related to atrial fibrillation during the COVID-19 epidemic in Denmark
The COVID-19 epidemic has threatened to overwhelm the health-care systems of European countries resulting in government decisions of extensive societal lockdowns. There have been considerable concerns regarding the collateral effects of the COVID-19 epidemic overshadowing the care of patients with other medical conditions including cardiovascular diseases. Of interest, decreases in the registered incidences of atrial fibrillation (AF) and ischemic stroke have been reported [1,2]. AF is a common reason for physician contact and AF patients are often recommended treatment with oral anticoagulants to mitigate the associated r...
Source: Thrombosis Research - July 29, 2020 Category: Hematology Authors: Peter Vibe Rasmussen, Paul Blanche, Jarl Emanuel Strange, Jawad Haider Butt, Frederik Dalgaard, Kristian Kragholm, Matthew Phelps, Gunnar Gislason, Morten Lock Hansen Tags: Letter to the Editors-in-Chief Source Type: research

Less Myocardial Infarction and Stroke Hospitalizations During Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Epidemic in Korea
Viral infections are known to impact coronary disease, and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) may be triggered by the inflammatory cytokine response to infection.1,2 Cytokines promote local inflammation in atherosclerotic plaques within the coronary artery, which can lead to plaque destabilization, rupture, and eventually AMI development. Psychological adversity, depression, stress at home or work, social isolation and loneliness are also known factors contributing to acute vascular event.3 Recent outbreaks of coronavirus (CoV), including severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) ...
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - July 2, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Cai De Jin, Moo Hyun Kim, Kwang Min Lee, Jong Sung Park, Dong Sik Jung, Sung-Cheol Yun, Victor Serebruany Source Type: research

COVID-19 Infection and Neurological Complications: Present Findings and Future Predictions
The present outbreak caused by SARS-CoV-2, an influenza virus with neurotropic potential, presents with neurological manifestations in a large proportion of the affected individuals. Disorders of the central and peripheral nervous system are all present, while stroke, ataxia, seizures, and depressed level of consciousness are more common in severely affected patients. People with these severe complications are most likely elderly with medical comorbidities, especially hypertension and other vascular risk factors. However, postinfectious complications are also expected. Neurological disorders as sequelae of influenza viruse...
Source: Neuroepidemiology - July 1, 2020 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Things I know to be true 1 – We are all walking miracles
Back when I was child I genuinely believed that when my mother kissed my knee to make it better, she did actually do that. And as I grew older although that belief faded away in the light of the obvious ‘fact’ of the medical model, it never truly disappeared. Time and again I would reflect on what it meant to be healthy and when my own health challenges began in my mid-teens, some part of me always knew that my mother’s kiss held meaning. I remember being 16 years old and just about to sit ‘O’ levels, as they were then. I had been having a period for what must have been weeks and I was tired a...
Source: The Hysterectomy Association - June 25, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Linda Parkinson-Hardman Tags: Health life miracle Source Type: news

Things I know to be true – We are all walking miracles
Back when I was child I genuinely believed that when my mother kissed my knee to make it better, she did actually do that. And as I grew older although that belief faded away in the light of the obvious ‘fact’ of the medical model, it never truly disappeared. Time and again I would reflect on what it meant to be healthy and when my own health challenges began in my mid-teens, some part of me always knew that my mother’s kiss held meaning. I remember being 16 years old and just about to sit ‘O’ levels, as they were then. I had been having a period for what must have been weeks and I was tired a...
Source: The Hysterectomy Association - June 25, 2020 Category: OBGYN Authors: Linda Parkinson-Hardman Tags: Health life miracle Source Type: news

Prevalence and Outcomes of Acute Ischemic Stroke Among Patients ≤ 50 Years of Age with Laboratory Confirmed COVID-19 Infection
The COVID-19 epidemic has led to an unpreceded disruption in health care systems worldwide. Concerns have been recently raised about young patients with COVID-19 presenting with large ischemic strokes.1 Data on stroke in COVID-19 patients remain limited to a few case reports.1 In this focused analysis, we investigated the incidence and outcomes of acute ischemic stroke in young adults using a multinational database.
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - June 13, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Frank Annie, Mark C. Bates, Aravinda Nanjundappa, Deepak L. Bhatt, Mohamad Alkhouli Source Type: research

Prevalence and Outcomes of Acute Ischemic Stroke Among Patients ≤50 Years of Age With Laboratory Confirmed COVID-19 Infection
The COVID-19 epidemic has led to an unpreceded disruption in health care systems worldwide. Concerns have been recently raised about young patients with COVID-19 presenting with large ischemic strokes.1 Data on stroke in COVID-19 patients remain limited to a few case reports.1 In this focused analysis, we investigated the incidence and outcomes of acute ischemic stroke in young adults using a multinational database.
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - June 13, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Frank Annie, Mark C. Bates, Aravinda Nanjundappa, Deepak L. Bhatt, Mohamad Alkhouli Source Type: research

Coronavirus Disease 2019 and Stroke: Clinical Manifestations and Pathophysiological Insights
An outbreak of an acute respiratory illness of unknown cause started in Wuhan, Hubei province, China on December 12, 2019.1,2 A new strain of coronavirus, named severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), was identified in these patients. Subsequently, the identified acute respiratory illness was named coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Soon thereafter, the COVID-19 epidemic in China became a pandemic with a significant burden on healthcare and the world-wide economy. SARS-CoV-2 has been shown to be a distinct class of the beta coronaviruses (Beta-CoVs) with a 79.5% gene sequence homology to the severe ...
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - May 10, 2020 Category: Neurology Authors: Afshin A. Divani, Sasan Andalib, Mario Di Napoli, Simona Lattanzi, M. Shazam Hussain, Jos é Biller, Louise D. McCullough, M. Reza Azarpazhooh, Alina Seletska, Stephan A. Mayer, Michel Torbey Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Doctors Warn Not To Ignore Signs Of Heart Attack, Stroke Amid Coronavirus Pandemic
BOSTON (CBS) – Boston health care providers are pleading with the public to seek medical treatment if they are suffering from illnesses unrelated to the coronavirus. “Because when it comes to your health, time can be the difference between life and death,” Brigham Health trauma surgeon Dr. Stephanie Nitzschke says in a new public service announcement released by area hospitals. Doctors say they have seen a dramatic decrease in the number of stroke, heart attack, and other patients who would normally fill emergency departments. “My center and a number of others in Boston estimated a reduction of about 25 perc...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - April 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Boston News Health Syndicated CBSN Boston Syndicated Local Coronavirus Louisa Moller Source Type: news

Acute stroke management pathway during Coronavirus-19 pandemic
AbstractSince the outbreak of the COVID-19 epidemic which in our region, Veneto (Italy), dates back to February, we were confronted with several challenges, but with a constant aim of keeping our Stroke Unit COVID-free. For this reason, in addition to creating a dedicated hot-spot as a pre-triage just outside the Emergency Department, together with the Neuroradiology Unit we obtained a mobile CT unit that could be used by COVID-positive or COVID-suspected patients. Furthermore, thanks to the collaboration with colleagues from different specialties (Infectious Disease, Internal Medicine, Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine),...
Source: Neurological Sciences - April 8, 2020 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Johnson & Johnson Launches Heartline ™, the First-of-its-Kind, Virtual Study Designed to Explore if a New iPhone App and Apple Watch Can Help Reduce the Risk of Stroke
New Brunswick, NJ, February 25, 2020 — Johnson & Johnson (NYSE: JNJ) today announced that the Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson, in collaboration with Apple, opened enrollment for the Heartline™ Study. The study is designed to explore if the Heartline™ Study app on iPhone and heart health features on Apple Watch can improve health outcomes, including reducing the risk of stroke, with earlier detection of atrial fibrillation (AFib). AFib, a common form of irregular heart rhythm, is a leading cause of stroke in the U.S. To enroll in the Heartline™ Study, individuals must be age 65 or older...
Source: Johnson and Johnson - February 25, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Tags: Innovation Source Type: news

Young adults using both e-cigarettes and combustible cigarettes at significantly higher risk of stroke
(Elsevier) People are looking at e-cigarettes as a 'healthy' alternative to cigarettes and we currently have an epidemic of e-cigarettes use. However, according to a new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, published by Elsevier, young adults who smoke cigarettes plus use e-cigarettes are nearly two times more likely to have a stroke compared to current cigarette-only smokers and nearly three times more likely than non-smokers.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 7, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Air pollution and humidity as triggering factors for stroke. Results of a 12-year analysis in the West Paris area.
CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that short-term exposure to air pollution and a high level of humidity are associated with a significant excess relative risk of calls for suspected stroke. PMID: 31030900 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revue Neurologique - May 1, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Rev Neurol (Paris) Source Type: research

Diet Drinks Linked To Increased Stroke Risk & Heart Attacks
This study, as well as other research on the connection between diet beverages and vascular disease, is observational and cannot show cause and effect. That’s a major limitation, researchers say, as it’s impossible to determine whether the association is due to a specific artificial sweetener, a type of beverage or another hidden health issue. “Postmenopausal women tend to have higher risk for vascular disease because they are lacking the protective effects of natural hormones,” North Carolina cardiologist Dr. Kevin Campbell said, which could contribute to increased risk for heart disease and stroke...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - February 14, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health News CNN Heart Attack Stroke Source Type: news

Diet Beverages Linked To Increased Stroke Risk & Heart Attacks
This study, as well as other research on the connection between diet beverages and vascular disease, is observational and cannot show cause and effect. That’s a major limitation, researchers say, as it’s impossible to determine whether the association is due to a specific artificial sweetener, a type of beverage or another hidden health issue. “Postmenopausal women tend to have higher risk for vascular disease because they are lacking the protective effects of natural hormones,” North Carolina cardiologist Dr. Kevin Campbell said, which could contribute to increased risk for heart disease and stroke...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - February 14, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health News CNN Heart Attack Stroke Source Type: news

ASA: Opioid Epidemic Tied to Infection-Related Stroke
TUESDAY, Feb. 12, 2019 -- The opioid epidemic is driving a steep increase in infection-related stroke hospitalizations, according to a study published online Jan. 30 in Stroke to coincide with the American Stroke Association International Stroke...
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - February 12, 2019 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Opioid epidemic fueling a rise in infection-related stroke
(American Heart Association) The opioid epidemic is fueling a steep rise in infection-related stroke hospitalizations. Injecting opioids, such as heroin, can introduce bacteria into the body which travels through the bloodstream to infect heart valves. Clumps of infected tissue can break off and travel to the brain, resulting in stroke.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Knowledge of Stroke Signs and Symptoms Among Residents in a Rural South Eastern Nigerian Community
Stroke is a global epidemic. Treatment is predicated on recognition of its signs and symptoms.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - August 31, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Felix E. Chukwudelunzu, Virginia U Okwu-Delunzu, John Dzissah Source Type: research

Stroke now impacting younger patients as a result of the obesity epidemic; 4 in 10 are now aged 40-69
(Natural News) Stroke, a condition that was previously limited to older adults, is now prevalent among middle-aged adults as well. In the U.K., the latest data from Public Health England (PHE) revealed that the incidence of stroke among people ages 40 to 69 years is now at 38 percent. This is up from 33 percent in 2007. In...
Source: NaturalNews.com - July 23, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Cerebral Paragonimiasis With Hemorrhagic Stroke in a Developed Country
Paragonimiasis is a food-borne parasitic disease caused by Paragonimus lung flukes, which are epidemic in Asia. Cerebral paragonimiasis accounts for
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - July 18, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Yumi Kashida, Masaki Niiro, Haruhiko Maruyama, Ryosuke Hanaya Source Type: research

Chapter 20 Cerebellar stroke in adults and children
Publication date: 2018 Source:Handbook of Clinical Neurology, Volume 155 Author(s): Hakan Sarikaya, Maja Steinlin Stroke in older age has reached epidemic proportions worldwide, and an increasing incidence has also been recognized in young adults and children. This chapter deals with stroke occurring in the cerebellum. Cerebellar stroke may present in a completely different way from common stroke syndromes in the anterior cerebral circulation. It can initially mimic benign vestibular neuritis and may later deteriorate into a life-threatening neurologic state. Posterior circulation stroke presents similarly in children and...
Source: Handbook of Clinical Neurology - June 13, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Caveolin-1 in stroke neuropathology and neuroprotection: a novel molecular therapeutic target for ischemic-related injury.
Abstract Cardiovascular disease and associated cerebral stroke are a global epidemic attributed to genetic and epigenetic factors, such as diet, life style and an increasingly sedentary existence due to technological advances in both the developing and developed world. There are approximately 5.9 million stroke-related deaths worldwide annually. Current epidemiological data indicate that nearly 16.9 million people worldwide suffer a new or recurrent stroke yearly. In 2014 alone, 2.4% of adults in the United States (U.S.) were estimated to experience stroke, which is the leading cause of adult disability and the fi...
Source: Current Vascular Pharmacology - February 5, 2018 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Wang S, Head BP Tags: Curr Vasc Pharmacol Source Type: research

Endovascular Thrombectomy in Acute Ischemic Stroke Advances in Interventional Cardiology
Despite several effective strategies of stroke prevention, the stroke epidemic still constitutes the leading cause of permanent disability. The recent series of well-designed, convincingly-positive randomized controlled trials of endovascular thrombectomy in stroke patients with large vessel occlusion launched a paradigm shift and a new era in acute stroke management. The present review provides an overview of the technical aspects of the procedure, discusses patient selection criteria, summarizes the current evidence from randomized trials about its efficacy and safety, and explores its implications in the organization of acute stroke care.
Source: Circulation: Cardiovascular Interventions - January 8, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Papanagiotou, P., Ntaios, G. Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke Advances in Interventional Cardiology Source Type: research

Mobile tablet-based therapies following stroke: a systematic scoping review protocol of attempted interventions and the challenges encountered
DiscussionTrends in MTBT feasibility and common challenges will be discussed to summarize major findings and highlight research gaps. Solutions to common challenges experienced by intervention participants and study staff will be proposed. Implications for the conduct of randomized clinical trials of MTBT efficacy and the appropriateness of a systematic review and meta-analysis of completed trials will be discussed.Systematic review registrationuO Research (http://hdl.handle.net/10393/35696).
Source: Systematic Reviews - November 2, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Adolescent weight gain confers long-term increased stroke risk: Weighty matters
Adult obesity has been consistently associated with risk of total, ischemic, and hemorrhagic stroke1–3; however, the degree to which change in weight and body mass index (BMI) during late childhood and adolescence affects adult risk of stroke has remained uncertain. Understanding this relationship is of particular importance given the rising obesity epidemic during childhood and adolescence.
Source: Neurology - July 24, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Rexrode, K. M., Kimm, S. Y. S. Tags: All Pediatric, Adolescence, Cohort studies, Infarction, Intracerebral hemorrhage EDITORIALS Source Type: research

Overweight teen boys have increased risk of stroke in later life
Conclusion The findings of this large longitudinal cohort study seem to demonstrate a link between being overweight aged 20 and an increased risk of stroke. This risk was regardless of whether the boy had been overweight aged 8 or not. There seemed to be no increased risk for boys who were overweight aged 8 but were a normal weight by the age of 20. The study was conducted before the obesity epidemic, and might be even more relevant today. But there are a number of considerations to take into account before we draw any conclusions: Participants were followed up until they were 52-68, so all the strokes occurred at a r...
Source: NHS News Feed - June 29, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Obesity Pregnancy/child Source Type: news

Stroke is a global epidemic: new developments in clinical and translational cerebrovascular diseases research.
Authors: Li WA, Geng X, Ding Y PMID: 28531374 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Neurological Research - May 24, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurol Res Source Type: research

Achieving better detection of vascular risk factors for stroke prevention (P4.062)
Conclusions:The concept of vital station is a useful means of detecting vascular risk factor before appearance of noticeable symptoms and thus offers the benefit of being able to treat the disease much earlier which can lead to reduction of disease burden & economic losses and thus offers better health outcome.Disclosure: Dr. Mehndiratta has nothing to disclose. Dr. Wadhai has nothing to disclose.
Source: Neurology - April 17, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Mehndiratta, M. M., Wadhai, S. Tags: General Neurology: Vascular Neurology Source Type: research

Short-Term Exposure to Fine Particulate Matter and Risk of Ischemic Stroke Brief Report
Conclusions—These findings suggest that short-term exposure to PM2.5 within 1 day before onset is associated with the subsequent occurrence of ischemic stroke.
Source: Stroke - November 27, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Ryu Matsuo, Takehiro Michikawa, Kayo Ueda, Tetsuro Ago, Hiroshi Nitta, Takanari Kitazono, Masahiro Kamouchi Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Brief Reports Source Type: research

UK heart disease and stroke death rates now lower than cancer
Conclusion This valuable research informs on the burden of cardiovascular disease and associated mortality across European countries. It demonstrates that CVD is still the most common cause of death across Europe, but rates have been falling over the past 10 years. This fall means that in several European countries, including the UK, cancer rates now overtake CVD death rates in men. Generally, CVD disability and burden of disease seems to be greater in Eastern European countries. The WHO mortality data and population data are quite up-to-date and should be reliable, though as the researchers say, there was a lack of high ...
Source: NHS News Feed - August 15, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Heart/lungs Cancer Neurology Source Type: news

The Need to Evaluate Net Clinical Effect of Stroke Prevention Therapy in Patients with End Stage Renal Disease and Atrial Fibrillation.
Abstract Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and atrial fibrillation (AF) are both emerging health epidemics worldwide. Atrial fibrillation is the most common heart rhythm disorder and the burden of this dysrhythmia is expected to increase as the population ages(1). Similarly, chronic kidney disease is a disease of the elderly that is estimated to affect 40-50% of US adults over 65 in the near future(2,3). This is likely due to manifestations of common risk factors and pathology that eventually lead to high cardiovascular and stroke risk in patients with CKD, especially patients with AF and CKD(4,5). Unfortunately, the f...
Source: Circulation - December 17, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Patel MR, Piccini JP Tags: Circulation Source Type: research

Only the overworked die young
Follow me at @JohnRossMD Billy Joel was on to something. As the singer-songwriter suggested in “Movin’ Out,” working too hard really can give you a “heart attack-ack-ack…” And, as a recent study has also shown, stroke may be an even bigger problem than heart attack in people who are overworked. For the study, researchers from University College London compiled data on the relationship between working hours and heart attack risk in over 600,000 workers, as well as similar data on stroke risk in over 500,000 workers. They adjusted their data to compensate for individual workers’ differences due to healt...
Source: New Harvard Health Information - December 14, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: John Ross, MD, FIDSA Tags: Behavioral Health Heart Health Hypertension and Stroke Prevention Stress overworked Source Type: news

Association of polymorphism in ICAM-1 (K469E) and cytology parameters in patients' initial blood test with acute ischemic stroke.
Abstract Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) has become a serious health problem in many countries because of its poor outcome and worsening epidemic trend. Early identification of genetic risk factors and physiological indicators for stroke occurrence may help to reduce the incidence of stroke. Therefore, we conducted a case-control study including 50 AIS patients and 50 healthy individuals from a Chinese population to explore the association between AIS and patient complete blood profiles and the association between AIS and the genetic polymorphism K469E in intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). Compared to the con...
Source: Cell Research - December 7, 2015 Category: Cytology Authors: Wang D, Zhang FH, Zhao YT, Xiao XG, Liu S, Shi HB, Lin AL, Wang YJ, Han Q, Sun QM Tags: Genet Mol Res Source Type: research

Smoking, atrial fibrillation, and ischemic stroke: a confluence of epidemics
Purpose of review: Smoking and atrial fibrillation are major contemporary health concerns. They commonly coexist and are frequent causes of ischemic stroke. The purpose of this article is to describe recent scientific investigations about smoking, atrial fibrillation, and ischemic stroke, with a primary focus on prevention. Recent findings: Smoking predisposes to atrial fibrillation and is useful for the prediction of future atrial fibrillation. Several recent risk prediction models for adverse events associated with atrial fibrillation include smoking as a component. Smoking status identifies patients at high risk of inci...
Source: Current Opinion in Cardiology - August 11, 2015 Category: Cardiology Tags: PREVENTION: Edited by Andrew Pipe Source Type: research

The metabolic syndrome, atrial fibrillation, and stroke: Tackling an emerging epidemic
The prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) and AF-related stroke is set to increase dramatically in coming decades, with developing regions such as Latin America experiencing the greatest impact. These trends are primarily driven by aging populations and by the increasing prevalence of the metabolic syndrome. The metabolic syndrome describes an association between diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and dyslipidemia and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. It is in large part the result of unbalanced diet and sedentary lifestyle.
Source: Heart Rhythm - June 30, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Reza Hajhosseiny, Gareth K. Matthews, Gregory Y.H. Lip Tags: Contemporary Review Source Type: research

The Metabolic Syndrome, Atrial Fibrillation and Stroke: Tackling An Emerging Epidemic
The prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) and AF-related stroke is set to increase dramatically in coming decades, with developing regions such as Latin America experiencing the greatest impact. These trends are primarily driven by aging populations and by the increasing prevalence of metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome describes an association between diabetes, hypertension, obesity, dyslipidaemia and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. It is in large part the result of unbalanced diet and sedentary lifestyle.
Source: Heart Rhythm - June 30, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Reza Hajhosseiny, Gareth K. Matthews, Gregory YH Lip Tags: CRV Source Type: research

Metabolic syndrome, atrial fibrillation, and stroke: Tackling an emerging epidemic
The prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) and AF-related stroke is set to increase dramatically in coming decades, with developing regions such as Latin America experiencing the greatest impact. These trends are primarily driven by aging populations and by the increasing prevalence of the metabolic syndrome. The metabolic syndrome describes an association between diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and dyslipidemia and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. It is in large part the result of unbalanced diet and sedentary lifestyle.
Source: Heart Rhythm - June 30, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Reza Hajhosseiny, Gareth K. Matthews, Gregory Y.H. Lip Tags: Contemporary Review Source Type: research

Obesity Increases Risk of Ischemic Stroke in Young Adults Brief Reports
Conclusions— These results indicate that obesity is a risk factor for young onset ischemic stroke and suggest that this association may be partially mediated through hypertension, diabetes mellitus, or other variables associated with these conditions.
Source: Stroke - May 22, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Mitchell, A. B., Cole, J. W., McArdle, P. F., Cheng, Y.-C., Ryan, K. A., Sparks, M. J., Mitchell, B. D., Kittner, S. J. Tags: Risk Factors for Stroke Brief Reports Source Type: research

Effectiveness Of A Structured Teaching Programme In Improving The Knowledge And Skills Of The Care Givers And Preventing Secondary Complications In Hospitalized Stroke Patients (P5.147)
Conclusion: The structured teaching program was effective in improving the knowledge and skill of the caregivers and decreasing the complications in the hospitalized stroke patients.Disclosure: Dr. Bhatia has nothing to disclose. Dr. Thomas has nothing to disclose. Dr. Agarwal has nothing to disclose.
Source: Neurology - April 8, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Bhatia, R., Thomas, A., Agarwal, M. Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease and Interventional Neurology: Quality Research and Initiatives Source Type: research

Comparison of major modifiable stroke risk factors associated with lacunar strokes in anterior and posterior circulation in multiethnic cohort (P7.143)
CONCLUSIONS: Hypertriglyceridemia may be associated with posterior circulation SVD. In the setting of the obesity epidemic, hypertriglyceridemia prevalence is increasing; therefore, we might expect a concomitant increase in the incidence of posterior circulation strokes.Disclosure: Dr. Bulic has nothing to disclose. Dr. Valle has nothing to disclose. Dr. Towfighi has nothing to disclose.
Source: Neurology - April 8, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Bulic, S., Valle, N., Towfighi, A. Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease and Interventional Neurology: Race, Ethnicity, and Stroke Source Type: research

Stroke Prevention - Medical and Lifestyle Measures
Background: According to the World Health Organization, stroke is the ‘incoming epidemic of the 21st century'. In light of recent data suggesting that 85% of all strokes may be preventable, strategies for prevention are moving to the forefront in stroke management. Summary: This review discusses the risk factors and provides evidence on the effective medical interventions and lifestyle modifications for optimal stroke prevention. Key Messages: Stroke risk can be substantially reduced using the medical measures that have been proven in many randomized trials, in combination with effective lifestyle modifications. The glob...
Source: European Neurology - January 6, 2015 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Profile and determinants of vascular cognitive impairment in African stroke survivors: The CogFAST Nigeria Study
Sub-Saharan Africa faces a potential epidemic of non-communicable diseases including stroke and dementia but little is known about the burden of stroke-related cognitive dysfunction. We assessed the baseline profile and factors associated with vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) in stroke survivors participating in the Cognitive Function After STroke (CogFAST) Nigeria Study.
Source: Journal of the Neurological Sciences - September 1, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Rufus O. Akinyemi, Louise Allan, Mayowa O. Owolabi, Joshua O. Akinyemi, Godwin Ogbole, Akinlolu Ajani, Michael Firbank, Adesola Ogunniyi, Raj N. Kalaria Source Type: research

Member States commit to reduce preventable deaths from heart disease and stroke, cancer, diabetes and lung disease
UN Member States have reaffirmed their commitment to take bold measures to reduce the avoidable burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). These ailments, including heart disease and stroke, cancer, diabetes and lung disease kill 38 million people every year, many of them before they reach the age of 70. Most of these largely preventable deaths occur in developing countries, where this epidemic threatens to undermine social and economic development. Member States, gathered for the second time in 3 years at the United Nations in New York to discuss this topic, pledged to intensify efforts to combat the growing menace of NCD...
Source: WHO news - July 11, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: cervical cancer, cervical cancer, infectious diseases, infectious diseases, diabetes mellitus, hyperglycaemia, glucose intolerance, diabetes mellitus, hyperglycaemia, glucose intolerance, chronic diseases, chronic diseases, cerebrovascular accident, cva, Source Type: news

Stroke Epidemic: New Therapeutic Strategies
Prof Guido Stoll (University Hospital Wurzburg, Germany) spoke on the subject of strokes at the 23rd Meeting of the European Neurological Society (ENS) in Barcelona: "Worldwide, one person dies every six seconds as the result of a stroke. Every year, 250 to 280 new cases are reported per 100,000 inhabitants in Europe, for a total of 600,000 strokes. It is a disease of epidemic proportions, which will continue to pose a host of problems for us." About 3,000 experts are discussing current developments in their field at this congress right now...
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - June 11, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Stroke Source Type: news

'Global epidemic' of heart attack and stroke being missed
Doctors and politicians are failing to tackle "a global epidemic" of heart attacks and strokes, according to the inventor of a 'polypill' that lowers both cholesterol and blood pressure levels.
Source: Telegraph Health - January 17, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: HEART ATTACK CHOLESTEROL POLYPILL NICK WALD STROKE EPIDEMIC Source Type: news