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Total 216 results found since Jan 2013.

The role of nutraceuticals in prevention and treatment of hypertension: An updated review of the literature
Publication date: Available online 7 November 2019Source: Food Research InternationalAuthor(s): Samad Ghaffari, Neda RoshanravanAbstractHypertension (HTN) is a worldwide epidemic in both developed and developing countries. It is one of the leading causes of major health problems such as cardiovascular disease, stroke, and heart attack. In recent years, several studies have reported associations between specific dietary ingredients and improving HTN. Nutraceuticals are natural food components with pharmacological properties. Reports suggest that functional foods and nutraceutical ingredients might support patients to obtain...
Source: Food Research International - November 8, 2019 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

How You Should Spend That Extra Hour As Daylight Saving Time Ends
(CNN) — It’s Sunday morning, and you open your eyes to discover it’s still incredibly early because — huzzah! — we’ve reached the end of the seasonal practice known as Daylight Saving Time. Do you: A) Immediately roll over and go back to sleep? or B) Tell yourself that you shouldn’t be lazy, and get up to make the most of this “extra” hour? It’s a trick question, because there isn’t a perfectly right answer that would be the same for everyone. But in general, experts say, most should use the fall time change to squeeze in more sleep — and with zero gu...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - October 31, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health News Offbeat CNN Daylight saving time Source Type: news

How the Vaping Industry Is Using a Defensive Tactic Pioneered Decades Ago by Big Tobacco
Each week brings a new story of some calamity brought by vaping. In late July, a Connecticut man filed suit against e-cigarette giant Juul Labs after suffering a massive stroke. The suit alleges that he became addicted while he was still a high schooler, even though the company says it is specifically taking action to prevent young people from trying the product. In August, an Illinois patient died after vaping, succumbing to a mysterious respiratory illness; news broke teens in the Midwest hospitalized with severe and unexplained respiratory symptoms; and the FDA announced that that it was investigating the relationship b...
Source: TIME: Health - October 2, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Sarah Milov Tags: Uncategorized health Opinion politics Source Type: news

Five-Year Follow-up of a Severe Case of Pertussis in Oregon, 2012.
We describe the medical course and sequelae of an infant's severe pertussis illness through age 5½ years. The child has failed to meet developmental milestones, requires substantial medical care, and bears the burdens of chronic lung disease, stroke, epilepsy, impaired neurodevelopment, and problems with vision. The medical and social burden of pertussis among infants too young to be vaccinated underscores the importance of tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertussis vaccination during pregnancy. PMID: 31568732 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Public Health Reports - October 1, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Management of Direct Oral Anticoagulants in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation Undergoing Cardioversion.
Abstract Atrial fibrillation the most common cardiac arrhythmia. Its incidence rises steadily with each decade, becoming a real "epidemic phenomenon". Cardioversion is defined as a rhythm control strategy which, if successful, restores normal sinus rhythm. This, whether obtained with synchronized shock or with drugs, involves a periprocedural risk of stroke and systemic embolism which is reduced by adequate anticoagulant therapy in the weeks before or by the exclusion of left atrial thrombi. Direct oral anticoagulants are safe, manageable, and provide rapid onset of oral anticoagulation; they are an important alte...
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - September 30, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Coppola G, Manno G, Mignano A, Luparelli M, Zarcone A, Novo G, Corrado E Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research

Abiomed Hits TCT 2019 Running with Compelling Data and New Approval
Abiomed certainly brought its A-game to the 31st annual Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) conference- being held now and throughout the weekend. The Danvers, MA-based company came armed with the news of a newly-approved device and data from its PROTECT III trial, an ongoing prospective, single-arm FDA post-market study for the Impella 2.5 and Impella CP in high-risk PCI. Abiomed, which was named one of the top 25 M&A targets in medtech, said an interim analysis of 898 patients from the PROTECT III trial demonstrated a reduction in the primary endpoint of death, stroke, myocardial infarction, and repeat pr...
Source: MDDI - September 26, 2019 Category: Medical Devices Authors: Omar Ford Tags: Cardiovascular Source Type: news

A Brief Review of Cardiovascular Diseases, Associated Risk Factors and Current Treatment Regimes.
Abstract Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of premature death and disability in humans and their incidence is on the rise globally. Given their substantial contribution towards the escalating costs of health care, they also generate a high socio-economic burden in the general population. The underlying pathogenesis and progression associated with nearly all CVDs is predominantly of atherosclerotic origin that leads to the development of coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular disease, venous thromboembolism and, peripheral vascular disease, subsequently causing myocardial infarction, cardiac ar...
Source: Current Pharmaceutical Design - September 25, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Flora GD, Nayak MK Tags: Curr Pharm Des Source Type: research

Application of Chinese Medicine in Acute and Critical Medical Conditions.
Abstract Western medicine is routinely used in developed nations as well as in Eastern countries, where traditional medicine is frequently used by a selection of patients or family member as a complement to mainstream Western medicine. Chinese medicine plays an important role in the treatment of chronic diseases, especially when Western medicine is not very effective. Many published reports have shown that Chinese medicine could also be successfully used in the management of acute and critical illnesses. Chinese medicine has a holistic view of the human body, and emphasizes individualization based on body balance ...
Source: The American Journal of Chinese Medicine - September 10, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Luo Y, Wang CZ, Hesse-Fong J, Lin JG, Yuan CS Tags: Am J Chin Med Source Type: research

Cardiac Surgery in Patients with Opioid Use Disorder: An Analysis of 1.7 Million Surgeries
ConclusionsOUD among cardiac surgery patients is associated with prolonged hospitalization and increased risk of postoperative morbidity, and mainly driven by the patient’s preoperative risk factors. Strategies to minimize these risk factors at prehospitalization level is warranted to curb the opioid epidemic and improve overall outcomes in this vulnerable population.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - September 1, 2019 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Hypertensive Heart Failure: Sprinting to the Finish Line to Prevent End-Organ Damage
Hypertension affects a billion individuals globally,1 and with the aging population (79% of men and 85% of women>75 years old have high blood pressure [BP]), this number continues to grow,2,3 and the consequences of hypertension are expected to increase. High BP is second only to cigarette smoking as a preventable cause of death in the United States,4 and uncontrolled hypertension results in heart failure, coronary artery disease, kidney disease, stroke, and aortic dissection.5 Progress over the last few decades has led to better understanding and a new knowledge of this growing worldwide epidemic of high BP.
Source: Heart Failure Clinics - August 29, 2019 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ragavendra R. Baliga, Eduardo Bossone, George L. Bakris Tags: Preface Source Type: research

Heart disease progress is slowing or stalling, study says. Obesity is likely to blame.
Death rates from heart disease, diabetes and stroke have been decreasing, but the rates are not decreasing as much as they once were — amplifying concerns that the obesity epidemic is undoing progress in the fight for heart health.
Source: Washington Post: To Your Health - August 27, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Lindsey Bever Source Type: news

Neurological disorders in HIV in Africa: a review
Conclusion: Neurological disorders are common in HIV in Africa and the main CNS opportunistic infections result in high  mortality rates. Strategies aimed at reducing their high burden, morbidity and mortality include early HIV diagnosis and anti-retroviral therapy (ART), screening and chemoprophylaxis of main opportunistic infections, improved clinical diagnosis and management and programme strengthening.Keywords: Neurological disorders, HIV, Africa, opportunistic infections, direct HIV infection and inflammatory disorders.
Source: African Health Sciences - August 20, 2019 Category: African Health Source Type: research

The increase of core temperature affected the progression of kidney injury by repeated heat stress exposure.
CONCLUSIONS: These studies suggest that kidney injury in heat stress is markedly worsened by increasing core temperature. The studies are consistent with the hypothesis that clinical and subclinical heat stroke may play a role in Mesoamerican Nephropathy. PMID: 31390229 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology - August 7, 2019 Category: Physiology Authors: Sato Y, Roncal-Jimenez CA, Andres-Hernando A, Jensen T, Tolan DR, Sanchez-Lozada LG, Newman LS, Butler-Dawson J, Sorensen C, Glaser J, Miyazaki M, Diaz HF, Ishimoto T, Kosugi T, Maruyama S, Garcia GE, Lanaspa MA, Johnson RJ Tags: Am J Physiol Renal Physiol Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 2734: Glyphosate ’s Synergistic Toxicity in Combination with Other Factors as a Cause of Chronic Kidney Disease of Unknown Origin
IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 2734: Glyphosate’s Synergistic Toxicity in Combination with Other Factors as a Cause of Chronic Kidney Disease of Unknown Origin International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph16152734 Authors: Sarath Gunatilake Stephanie Seneff Laura Orlando Chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology (CKDu) is a global epidemic. Sri Lanka has experienced a doubling of the disease every 4 or 5 years since it was first identified in the North Central province in the mid-1990s. The disease primarily affects people in agricultural regions who are missing the commonly k...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - July 31, 2019 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sarath Gunatilake Stephanie Seneff Laura Orlando Tags: Review Source Type: research

Heartburn Drugs May Lead To Allergies, Study Suggests
(CNN) — When heartburn or ulcer pain strikes, drugs can target stomach acid to calm bellies and offer relief. But a new study suggests the medications may come with a hive-inducing side effect: allergies. After analyzing health insurance data from more than 8 million people in Austria, researchers found that prescriptions of anti-allergy medications surged in those who were prescribed stomach acid inhibitors, a class of drugs that includes proton-pump inhibitors and H2 blockers. The findings, published Tuesday in the medical journal Nature Communications, suggest that disrupting the stomach’s delicate balance o...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - July 30, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health News Allergies CNN Heartburn Source Type: news

Impact of the 2015 Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Outbreak on Emergency Care Utilization and Mortality in South Korea.
CONCLUSION: During the MERS epidemic, the number of ER visits decreased in all age, sex, and socioeconomic groups, and decreased most sharply for low-acuity diseases. Nonetheless, there was no significant change in deaths after emergency care. PMID: 31347336 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Yonsei Medical Journal - July 29, 2019 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Lee SY, Khang YH, Lim HK Tags: Yonsei Med J Source Type: research

Atrial Fibrillation in Heart Failure —Diagnostic, Therapeutic, and Prognostic Relevance
AbstractPurpose of ReviewAtrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure (HF) commonly coexist and are associated with an increased risk of hospitalization, morbidity, and mortality. Both conditions develop into epidemics due to the ageing of the population and lead to poorer prognosis for the individual patients. Therapeutic strategies include treatment with oral anticoagulation, and rate and rhythm control concepts to prevent stroke and improve the cardiovascular outcome.Recent FindingsEspecially in HF patients, data suggest that catheter ablation of AF is superior to medical treatment. In patients with both AF and HF undergo...
Source: Current Heart Failure Reports - May 29, 2019 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Air pollution and humidity as triggering factors for stroke. Results of a 12-year analysis in the West Paris area.
CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that short-term exposure to air pollution and a high level of humidity are associated with a significant excess relative risk of calls for suspected stroke. PMID: 31030900 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revue Neurologique - May 1, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Rev Neurol (Paris) Source Type: research

Diet Drinks Linked To Increased Stroke Risk & Heart Attacks
This study, as well as other research on the connection between diet beverages and vascular disease, is observational and cannot show cause and effect. That’s a major limitation, researchers say, as it’s impossible to determine whether the association is due to a specific artificial sweetener, a type of beverage or another hidden health issue. “Postmenopausal women tend to have higher risk for vascular disease because they are lacking the protective effects of natural hormones,” North Carolina cardiologist Dr. Kevin Campbell said, which could contribute to increased risk for heart disease and stroke...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - February 14, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health News CNN Heart Attack Stroke Source Type: news

Diet Beverages Linked To Increased Stroke Risk & Heart Attacks
This study, as well as other research on the connection between diet beverages and vascular disease, is observational and cannot show cause and effect. That’s a major limitation, researchers say, as it’s impossible to determine whether the association is due to a specific artificial sweetener, a type of beverage or another hidden health issue. “Postmenopausal women tend to have higher risk for vascular disease because they are lacking the protective effects of natural hormones,” North Carolina cardiologist Dr. Kevin Campbell said, which could contribute to increased risk for heart disease and stroke...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - February 14, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health News CNN Heart Attack Stroke Source Type: news

ASA: Opioid Epidemic Tied to Infection-Related Stroke
TUESDAY, Feb. 12, 2019 -- The opioid epidemic is driving a steep increase in infection-related stroke hospitalizations, according to a study published online Jan. 30 in Stroke to coincide with the American Stroke Association International Stroke...
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - February 12, 2019 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Opioid epidemic fueling a rise in infection-related stroke
(American Heart Association) The opioid epidemic is fueling a steep rise in infection-related stroke hospitalizations. Injecting opioids, such as heroin, can introduce bacteria into the body which travels through the bloodstream to infect heart valves. Clumps of infected tissue can break off and travel to the brain, resulting in stroke.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 30, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Knowledge of Stroke Signs and Symptoms Among Residents in a Rural South Eastern Nigerian Community
Stroke is a global epidemic. Treatment is predicated on recognition of its signs and symptoms.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - August 31, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Felix E. Chukwudelunzu, Virginia U Okwu-Delunzu, John Dzissah Source Type: research

Stroke now impacting younger patients as a result of the obesity epidemic; 4 in 10 are now aged 40-69
(Natural News) Stroke, a condition that was previously limited to older adults, is now prevalent among middle-aged adults as well. In the U.K., the latest data from Public Health England (PHE) revealed that the incidence of stroke among people ages 40 to 69 years is now at 38 percent. This is up from 33 percent in 2007. In...
Source: NaturalNews.com - July 23, 2018 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Cerebral Paragonimiasis With Hemorrhagic Stroke in a Developed Country
Paragonimiasis is a food-borne parasitic disease caused by Paragonimus lung flukes, which are epidemic in Asia. Cerebral paragonimiasis accounts for
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - July 18, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Yumi Kashida, Masaki Niiro, Haruhiko Maruyama, Ryosuke Hanaya Source Type: research

Chapter 20 Cerebellar stroke in adults and children
Publication date: 2018 Source:Handbook of Clinical Neurology, Volume 155 Author(s): Hakan Sarikaya, Maja Steinlin Stroke in older age has reached epidemic proportions worldwide, and an increasing incidence has also been recognized in young adults and children. This chapter deals with stroke occurring in the cerebellum. Cerebellar stroke may present in a completely different way from common stroke syndromes in the anterior cerebral circulation. It can initially mimic benign vestibular neuritis and may later deteriorate into a life-threatening neurologic state. Posterior circulation stroke presents similarly in children and...
Source: Handbook of Clinical Neurology - June 13, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Caveolin-1 in stroke neuropathology and neuroprotection: a novel molecular therapeutic target for ischemic-related injury.
Abstract Cardiovascular disease and associated cerebral stroke are a global epidemic attributed to genetic and epigenetic factors, such as diet, life style and an increasingly sedentary existence due to technological advances in both the developing and developed world. There are approximately 5.9 million stroke-related deaths worldwide annually. Current epidemiological data indicate that nearly 16.9 million people worldwide suffer a new or recurrent stroke yearly. In 2014 alone, 2.4% of adults in the United States (U.S.) were estimated to experience stroke, which is the leading cause of adult disability and the fi...
Source: Current Vascular Pharmacology - February 5, 2018 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Wang S, Head BP Tags: Curr Vasc Pharmacol Source Type: research

Endovascular Thrombectomy in Acute Ischemic Stroke Advances in Interventional Cardiology
Despite several effective strategies of stroke prevention, the stroke epidemic still constitutes the leading cause of permanent disability. The recent series of well-designed, convincingly-positive randomized controlled trials of endovascular thrombectomy in stroke patients with large vessel occlusion launched a paradigm shift and a new era in acute stroke management. The present review provides an overview of the technical aspects of the procedure, discusses patient selection criteria, summarizes the current evidence from randomized trials about its efficacy and safety, and explores its implications in the organization of acute stroke care.
Source: Circulation: Cardiovascular Interventions - January 8, 2018 Category: Cardiology Authors: Papanagiotou, P., Ntaios, G. Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke Advances in Interventional Cardiology Source Type: research

Mobile tablet-based therapies following stroke: a systematic scoping review protocol of attempted interventions and the challenges encountered
DiscussionTrends in MTBT feasibility and common challenges will be discussed to summarize major findings and highlight research gaps. Solutions to common challenges experienced by intervention participants and study staff will be proposed. Implications for the conduct of randomized clinical trials of MTBT efficacy and the appropriateness of a systematic review and meta-analysis of completed trials will be discussed.Systematic review registrationuO Research (http://hdl.handle.net/10393/35696).
Source: Systematic Reviews - November 2, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Adolescent weight gain confers long-term increased stroke risk: Weighty matters
Adult obesity has been consistently associated with risk of total, ischemic, and hemorrhagic stroke1–3; however, the degree to which change in weight and body mass index (BMI) during late childhood and adolescence affects adult risk of stroke has remained uncertain. Understanding this relationship is of particular importance given the rising obesity epidemic during childhood and adolescence.
Source: Neurology - July 24, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Rexrode, K. M., Kimm, S. Y. S. Tags: All Pediatric, Adolescence, Cohort studies, Infarction, Intracerebral hemorrhage EDITORIALS Source Type: research

Overweight teen boys have increased risk of stroke in later life
Conclusion The findings of this large longitudinal cohort study seem to demonstrate a link between being overweight aged 20 and an increased risk of stroke. This risk was regardless of whether the boy had been overweight aged 8 or not. There seemed to be no increased risk for boys who were overweight aged 8 but were a normal weight by the age of 20. The study was conducted before the obesity epidemic, and might be even more relevant today. But there are a number of considerations to take into account before we draw any conclusions: Participants were followed up until they were 52-68, so all the strokes occurred at a r...
Source: NHS News Feed - June 29, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Obesity Pregnancy/child Source Type: news

Stroke is a global epidemic: new developments in clinical and translational cerebrovascular diseases research.
Authors: Li WA, Geng X, Ding Y PMID: 28531374 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Neurological Research - May 24, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurol Res Source Type: research

Achieving better detection of vascular risk factors for stroke prevention (P4.062)
Conclusions:The concept of vital station is a useful means of detecting vascular risk factor before appearance of noticeable symptoms and thus offers the benefit of being able to treat the disease much earlier which can lead to reduction of disease burden & economic losses and thus offers better health outcome.Disclosure: Dr. Mehndiratta has nothing to disclose. Dr. Wadhai has nothing to disclose.
Source: Neurology - April 17, 2017 Category: Neurology Authors: Mehndiratta, M. M., Wadhai, S. Tags: General Neurology: Vascular Neurology Source Type: research

Short-Term Exposure to Fine Particulate Matter and Risk of Ischemic Stroke Brief Report
Conclusions—These findings suggest that short-term exposure to PM2.5 within 1 day before onset is associated with the subsequent occurrence of ischemic stroke.
Source: Stroke - November 28, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Ryu Matsuo, Takehiro Michikawa, Kayo Ueda, Tetsuro Ago, Hiroshi Nitta, Takanari Kitazono, Masahiro Kamouchi Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Brief Reports Source Type: research

UK heart disease and stroke death rates now lower than cancer
Conclusion This valuable research informs on the burden of cardiovascular disease and associated mortality across European countries. It demonstrates that CVD is still the most common cause of death across Europe, but rates have been falling over the past 10 years. This fall means that in several European countries, including the UK, cancer rates now overtake CVD death rates in men. Generally, CVD disability and burden of disease seems to be greater in Eastern European countries. The WHO mortality data and population data are quite up-to-date and should be reliable, though as the researchers say, there was a lack of high ...
Source: NHS News Feed - August 15, 2016 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Heart/lungs Cancer Neurology Source Type: news

The Need to Evaluate Net Clinical Effect of Stroke Prevention Therapy in Patients with End Stage Renal Disease and Atrial Fibrillation.
Abstract Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and atrial fibrillation (AF) are both emerging health epidemics worldwide. Atrial fibrillation is the most common heart rhythm disorder and the burden of this dysrhythmia is expected to increase as the population ages(1). Similarly, chronic kidney disease is a disease of the elderly that is estimated to affect 40-50% of US adults over 65 in the near future(2,3). This is likely due to manifestations of common risk factors and pathology that eventually lead to high cardiovascular and stroke risk in patients with CKD, especially patients with AF and CKD(4,5). Unfortunately, the f...
Source: Circulation - December 17, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Patel MR, Piccini JP Tags: Circulation Source Type: research

Only the overworked die young
Follow me at @JohnRossMD Billy Joel was on to something. As the singer-songwriter suggested in “Movin’ Out,” working too hard really can give you a “heart attack-ack-ack…” And, as a recent study has also shown, stroke may be an even bigger problem than heart attack in people who are overworked. For the study, researchers from University College London compiled data on the relationship between working hours and heart attack risk in over 600,000 workers, as well as similar data on stroke risk in over 500,000 workers. They adjusted their data to compensate for individual workers’ differences due to healt...
Source: New Harvard Health Information - December 14, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: John Ross, MD, FIDSA Tags: Behavioral Health Heart Health Hypertension and Stroke Prevention Stress overworked Source Type: news

Association of polymorphism in ICAM-1 (K469E) and cytology parameters in patients' initial blood test with acute ischemic stroke.
Abstract Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) has become a serious health problem in many countries because of its poor outcome and worsening epidemic trend. Early identification of genetic risk factors and physiological indicators for stroke occurrence may help to reduce the incidence of stroke. Therefore, we conducted a case-control study including 50 AIS patients and 50 healthy individuals from a Chinese population to explore the association between AIS and patient complete blood profiles and the association between AIS and the genetic polymorphism K469E in intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). Compared to the con...
Source: Cell Research - December 7, 2015 Category: Cytology Authors: Wang D, Zhang FH, Zhao YT, Xiao XG, Liu S, Shi HB, Lin AL, Wang YJ, Han Q, Sun QM Tags: Genet Mol Res Source Type: research

Smoking, atrial fibrillation, and ischemic stroke: a confluence of epidemics
Purpose of review: Smoking and atrial fibrillation are major contemporary health concerns. They commonly coexist and are frequent causes of ischemic stroke. The purpose of this article is to describe recent scientific investigations about smoking, atrial fibrillation, and ischemic stroke, with a primary focus on prevention. Recent findings: Smoking predisposes to atrial fibrillation and is useful for the prediction of future atrial fibrillation. Several recent risk prediction models for adverse events associated with atrial fibrillation include smoking as a component. Smoking status identifies patients at high risk of inci...
Source: Current Opinion in Cardiology - August 11, 2015 Category: Cardiology Tags: PREVENTION: Edited by Andrew Pipe Source Type: research

The metabolic syndrome, atrial fibrillation, and stroke: Tackling an emerging epidemic
The prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) and AF-related stroke is set to increase dramatically in coming decades, with developing regions such as Latin America experiencing the greatest impact. These trends are primarily driven by aging populations and by the increasing prevalence of the metabolic syndrome. The metabolic syndrome describes an association between diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and dyslipidemia and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. It is in large part the result of unbalanced diet and sedentary lifestyle.
Source: Heart Rhythm - June 30, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Reza Hajhosseiny, Gareth K. Matthews, Gregory Y.H. Lip Tags: Contemporary Review Source Type: research

The Metabolic Syndrome, Atrial Fibrillation and Stroke: Tackling An Emerging Epidemic
The prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) and AF-related stroke is set to increase dramatically in coming decades, with developing regions such as Latin America experiencing the greatest impact. These trends are primarily driven by aging populations and by the increasing prevalence of metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome describes an association between diabetes, hypertension, obesity, dyslipidaemia and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. It is in large part the result of unbalanced diet and sedentary lifestyle.
Source: Heart Rhythm - June 30, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Reza Hajhosseiny, Gareth K. Matthews, Gregory YH Lip Tags: CRV Source Type: research

Metabolic syndrome, atrial fibrillation, and stroke: Tackling an emerging epidemic
The prevalence of atrial fibrillation (AF) and AF-related stroke is set to increase dramatically in coming decades, with developing regions such as Latin America experiencing the greatest impact. These trends are primarily driven by aging populations and by the increasing prevalence of the metabolic syndrome. The metabolic syndrome describes an association between diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and dyslipidemia and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. It is in large part the result of unbalanced diet and sedentary lifestyle.
Source: Heart Rhythm - June 30, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Reza Hajhosseiny, Gareth K. Matthews, Gregory Y.H. Lip Tags: Contemporary Review Source Type: research

Obesity Increases Risk of Ischemic Stroke in Young Adults Brief Reports
Conclusions— These results indicate that obesity is a risk factor for young onset ischemic stroke and suggest that this association may be partially mediated through hypertension, diabetes mellitus, or other variables associated with these conditions.
Source: Stroke - May 22, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Mitchell, A. B., Cole, J. W., McArdle, P. F., Cheng, Y.-C., Ryan, K. A., Sparks, M. J., Mitchell, B. D., Kittner, S. J. Tags: Risk Factors for Stroke Brief Reports Source Type: research

Effectiveness Of A Structured Teaching Programme In Improving The Knowledge And Skills Of The Care Givers And Preventing Secondary Complications In Hospitalized Stroke Patients (P5.147)
Conclusion: The structured teaching program was effective in improving the knowledge and skill of the caregivers and decreasing the complications in the hospitalized stroke patients.Disclosure: Dr. Bhatia has nothing to disclose. Dr. Thomas has nothing to disclose. Dr. Agarwal has nothing to disclose.
Source: Neurology - April 8, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Bhatia, R., Thomas, A., Agarwal, M. Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease and Interventional Neurology: Quality Research and Initiatives Source Type: research

Comparison of major modifiable stroke risk factors associated with lacunar strokes in anterior and posterior circulation in multiethnic cohort (P7.143)
CONCLUSIONS: Hypertriglyceridemia may be associated with posterior circulation SVD. In the setting of the obesity epidemic, hypertriglyceridemia prevalence is increasing; therefore, we might expect a concomitant increase in the incidence of posterior circulation strokes.Disclosure: Dr. Bulic has nothing to disclose. Dr. Valle has nothing to disclose. Dr. Towfighi has nothing to disclose.
Source: Neurology - April 8, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Bulic, S., Valle, N., Towfighi, A. Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease and Interventional Neurology: Race, Ethnicity, and Stroke Source Type: research

Stroke Prevention - Medical and Lifestyle Measures
Background: According to the World Health Organization, stroke is the ‘incoming epidemic of the 21st century'. In light of recent data suggesting that 85% of all strokes may be preventable, strategies for prevention are moving to the forefront in stroke management. Summary: This review discusses the risk factors and provides evidence on the effective medical interventions and lifestyle modifications for optimal stroke prevention. Key Messages: Stroke risk can be substantially reduced using the medical measures that have been proven in many randomized trials, in combination with effective lifestyle modifications. The glob...
Source: European Neurology - January 6, 2015 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Profile and determinants of vascular cognitive impairment in African stroke survivors: The CogFAST Nigeria Study
Sub-Saharan Africa faces a potential epidemic of non-communicable diseases including stroke and dementia but little is known about the burden of stroke-related cognitive dysfunction. We assessed the baseline profile and factors associated with vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) in stroke survivors participating in the Cognitive Function After STroke (CogFAST) Nigeria Study.
Source: Journal of the Neurological Sciences - September 1, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Rufus O. Akinyemi, Louise Allan, Mayowa O. Owolabi, Joshua O. Akinyemi, Godwin Ogbole, Akinlolu Ajani, Michael Firbank, Adesola Ogunniyi, Raj N. Kalaria Source Type: research

Member States commit to reduce preventable deaths from heart disease and stroke, cancer, diabetes and lung disease
UN Member States have reaffirmed their commitment to take bold measures to reduce the avoidable burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). These ailments, including heart disease and stroke, cancer, diabetes and lung disease kill 38 million people every year, many of them before they reach the age of 70. Most of these largely preventable deaths occur in developing countries, where this epidemic threatens to undermine social and economic development. Member States, gathered for the second time in 3 years at the United Nations in New York to discuss this topic, pledged to intensify efforts to combat the growing menace of NCD...
Source: WHO news - July 11, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: cervical cancer, cervical cancer, infectious diseases, infectious diseases, diabetes mellitus, hyperglycaemia, glucose intolerance, diabetes mellitus, hyperglycaemia, glucose intolerance, chronic diseases, chronic diseases, cerebrovascular accident, cva, Source Type: news

Stroke Epidemic: New Therapeutic Strategies
Prof Guido Stoll (University Hospital Wurzburg, Germany) spoke on the subject of strokes at the 23rd Meeting of the European Neurological Society (ENS) in Barcelona: "Worldwide, one person dies every six seconds as the result of a stroke. Every year, 250 to 280 new cases are reported per 100,000 inhabitants in Europe, for a total of 600,000 strokes. It is a disease of epidemic proportions, which will continue to pose a host of problems for us." About 3,000 experts are discussing current developments in their field at this congress right now...
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - June 11, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Stroke Source Type: news

'Global epidemic' of heart attack and stroke being missed
Doctors and politicians are failing to tackle "a global epidemic" of heart attacks and strokes, according to the inventor of a 'polypill' that lowers both cholesterol and blood pressure levels.
Source: Telegraph Health - January 17, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: HEART ATTACK CHOLESTEROL POLYPILL NICK WALD STROKE EPIDEMIC Source Type: news