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Infectious Disease: Aspergillosis

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Total 10 results found since Jan 2013.

Infectious Etiologies of Stroke
Semin Neurol 2019; 39: 482-494 DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1687915Central nervous system (CNS) infections are a frequently underappreciated potential etiology of cerebrovascular disease. Highlighted in this review are a selection of infectious agents that lead to cerebrovascular complications through various mechanisms including multifocal vasculopathy, focal infiltrative vasculitis and vasospasm, and direct vessel wall invasion and thrombus formation. Diagnosis of stroke due to underlying CNS infection requires a high index of clinical suspicion and careful consideration of neuroimaging, serum, and cerebrospinal fluid studies in ...
Source: Seminars in Neurology - September 18, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Shulman, Julie G. Cervantes-Arslanian, Anna M. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Pentraxin 3 in Cardiovascular Disease
Giuseppe Ristagno1*, Francesca Fumagalli1, Barbara Bottazzi2, Alberto Mantovani2,3,4, Davide Olivari1, Deborah Novelli1 and Roberto Latini1 1Department of Cardiovascular Research, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research IRCCS, Milan, Italy 2Humanitas Clinical and Research Center-IRCCS, Milan, Italy 3Humanitas University, Milan, Italy 4The William Harvey Research Institute, Queen Mary University of London, London, United Kingdom The long pentraxin PTX3 is a member of the pentraxin family produced locally by stromal and myeloid cells in response to proinflammatory signals and microbial moieties. The p...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - April 17, 2019 Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

Acute Stroke as First Manifestation of Cerebral Aspergillosis
To describe the neurological manifestations of invasive aspergillosis presenting with a focal neurological deficit compatible with an acute stroke.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - August 29, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Carla Anciones, Alicia de Felipe, Asier de Alb óniga-Chindurza, Fernado Acebrón, Hector Pián, Jaime Masjuán, Iñigo Corral Source Type: research

Neuroinfections caused by fungi
ConclusionAlthough the number of fungal species causing CNS mycosis is increasing, only some possess well-defined treatment standards (e.g., cryptococcal meningitis and CNS aspergillosis). The early diagnosis of fungal infection, accompanied by identification of the etiological factor, is needed to allow the selection of effective therapy in patients with FIs-CNS and limit their high mortality.
Source: Infection - May 21, 2018 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Angioinvasive Aspergillus-associated Stroke in an Immunocompetent Host Following Cardiac Surgery and ECMO
Conclusions: Ischemic infarcts in the setting of CABG or ECMO are often presumed to be thromboembolic from the heart or device, related to underlying hemodynamic instability, or due to a clinically apparent systemic infection such as endocarditis. This report suggests that invasive cerebral aspergillosis should be considered in seemingly immunocompetent patients following CABG or ECMO. The mechanism is unclear, but may be related to systemic inflammatory dysregulation resulting in increased susceptibility to uncommon pathogens.
Source: The Neurologist - May 1, 2017 Category: Neurology Tags: Case Report/Case Series Source Type: research

Optic Neuropathy and Stroke Secondary to Invasive Aspergillus in an Immunocompetent Patient
We describe a unique case of disseminated central nervous system aspergillosis, initially presenting as an optic neuropathy, with subsequent stroke in multiple vascular territories.
Source: Journal of Neuro-Ophthalmology - November 18, 2016 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Clinical Observation Source Type: research

Pituitary aspergillus infection
We report a case of Aspergillus infection involving the pituitary gland and sellar region discovered in a 74-year-old man. The patient had a history of hypertension, chronic renal disease, autoimmune hemolytic anemia and presented with right eye pain, headaches and worsening hemiparesis. Imaging studies revealed a right internal carotid artery occlusion and an acute right pontine stroke along with smaller infarcts in the right middle cerebral artery distribution. Clinically, the patient was thought to have vasculitis. An infectious etiology was not identified. He developed respiratory distress and died. At autopsy, necroti...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - May 30, 2016 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Cervical aspergillosis with dissemination to the central nervous system: Case reports and review of the literature.
CONCLUSION: IA must be considered a possibility whenever an immunocompromised patient presents with a new brain lesion. These lesions require surgical evacuation, a procedure that allows for diagnostic confirmation and enhances prognosis. Appropriate anti-fungal therapy must be started as soon as the diagnosis is confirmed. In addition, the patient's neurological exam must be repeated and images obtained periodically to monitor treatment and detect possible recurrences. PMID: 26600985 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Surgical Neurology International - November 25, 2015 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Surg Neurol Int Source Type: research

Neurological complications in renal transplant patients: A single-center experience
Conclusion We conclude that complications involving the neurological system occur in 10.5% of all transplant patients with 8% involving CNS and 7% involving the PNS. The high mortality rates associated with CNS complications warrant early diagnosis and aggressive treatment in renal transplant recipients.
Source: Indian Journal of Transplantation - November 24, 2015 Category: Transplant Surgery Source Type: research

Cerebral Aspergillosis in a Diabetic Patient Leading to Cerebral Artery Occlusion and Ischemic Stroke: A Case Report and Literature Review
We describe the case of a 50-year-old female diabetic with a history of otitis media, an uncharacterized inflammatory nasopharyngeal process, and prior ischemic strokes who presented with a new cerebral infarction in the setting of an angioinvasive fungal infection of the large cerebral arteries.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - November 8, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Wentao Li, Neelofer Shafi, Ramayee Periakaruppan, Tibor Valyi-Nagy, John Groth, Fernando D. Testai Tags: Case Report Source Type: research