Query: stroke

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Source1: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association
Nutrition: Vitamins

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Total 9 results found since Jan 2013.

Effect of Adherence to Oral Anticoagulants on Risk of Stroke and Major Bleeding Among Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Conclusions Adherence to anticoagulation is poor in practice and may be modestly improved with NOACs. Adherence to therapy appears to be most important in patients with CHA2DS2-VASc score ≥2, whereas the benefits of anticoagulation may not outweigh the harms in patients with CHA2DS2-VASc score 0 or 1.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - February 23, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Yao, X., Abraham, N. S., Alexander, G. C., Crown, W., Montori, V. M., Sangaralingham, L. R., Gersh, B. J., Shah, N. D., Noseworthy, P. A. Tags: Arrhythmias, Atrial Fibrillation, Secondary Prevention, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology Source Type: research

Comparative Effectiveness of Interventions for Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation: A Network Meta-Analysis Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Conclusions The entire spectrum of therapy to prevent thromboembolism in nonvalvular AF significantly reduced stroke/systemic embolism events and mortality.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - May 19, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Tereshchenko, L. G., Henrikson, C. A., Cigarroa, J., Steinberg, J. S. Tags: Atrial Fibrillation, Anticoagulants, Treatment, Meta Analysis, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology Source Type: research

Risk of Ischemic Stroke Associated With Calcium Supplements With or Without Vitamin D: A Nested Case-Control Study Stroke
BackgroundThere is controversy surrounding the risk of ischemic stroke associated with the use of calcium supplements either in monotherapy or in combination with vitamin D.Methods and ResultsA nested case‐control study was performed with patients aged 40 to 89 years old, among whom a total of 2690 patients had a first episode of nonfatal ischemic stroke and for which 19 538 controls were randomly selected from the source population and frequency‐matched with cases for age, sex, and calendar year. Logistic regression provided the odds ratios while adjusting for confounding factors. A sensitivity analysis was performe...
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - May 18, 2017 Category: Cardiology Authors: de Abaȷo, F. J., Rodriguez-Martin, S., Rodriguez-Miguel, A., Gil, M. J. Tags: Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke, Ischemic Stroke Original Research Source Type: research

Cause of Death and Predictors of All-Cause Mortality in Anticoagulated Patients With Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation: Data From ROCKET AF Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Conclusions In a large population of patients anticoagulated for nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, 7 in 10 deaths were cardiovascular, whereas <1 in 10 deaths were caused by nonhemorrhagic stroke or systemic embolism. Optimal prevention and treatment of heart failure, renal impairment, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and diabetes may improve survival. Clinical Trial Registration URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/. Unique identifier: NCT00403767.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - March 7, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Pokorney, S. D., Piccini, J. P., Stevens, S. R., Patel, M. R., Pieper, K. S., Halperin, J. L., Breithardt, G., Singer, D. E., Hankey, G. J., Hacke, W., Becker, R. C., Berkowitz, S. D., Nessel, C. C., Mahaffey, K. W., Fox, K. A. A., Califf, R. M., for the Tags: Atrial Fibrillation, Sudden Cardiac Death, Heart Failure, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Ischemic Stroke Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology Source Type: research

Effectiveness and Safety of Dabigatran, Rivaroxaban, and Apixaban Versus Warfarin in Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation Health Services and Outcomes Research
Conclusions In patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, apixaban was associated with lower risks of both stroke and major bleeding, dabigatran was associated with similar risk of stroke but lower risk of major bleeding, and rivaroxaban was associated with similar risks of both stroke and major bleeding in comparison to warfarin.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - June 12, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Yao, X., Abraham, N. S., Sangaralingham, L. R., Bellolio, M. F., McBane, R. D., Shah, N. D., Noseworthy, P. A. Tags: Atrial Fibrillation, Secondary Prevention, Anticoagulants, Transplantation, Cerebrovascular Disease/Stroke Health Services and Outcomes Research Source Type: research

Alternative Calculations of Individual Patient Time in Therapeutic Range While Taking Warfarin: Results From the ROCKET AF Trial Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Conclusions TTR, the standard measure of control of warfarin anticoagulation, depends on imputing daily INR values for the vast majority of follow-up days. Our TTR calculation method may better reflect the impact of warfarin dose changes than the Rosendaal approach. In the ROCKET AF trial, this dose change–based approach led to a modest increase in overall mean iTTR but did not materially affect the large inter-regional differences previously reported. Clinical Trial Registration URL: ClinicalTrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00403767.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - March 3, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Singer, D. E., Hellkamp, A. S., Yuan, Z., Lokhnygina, Y., Patel, M. R., Piccini, J. P., Hankey, G. J., Breithardt, G., Halperin, J. L., Becker, R. C., Hacke, W., Nessel, C. C., Mahaffey, K. W., Fox, K. A. A., Califf, R. M., for the ROCKET AF Investigators Tags: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology Source Type: research

Patterns of Anticoagulation Use and Cardioembolic Risk After Catheter Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Conclusion The overall risk of stroke in postablation patients is low; however, OAC discontinuation after ablation is common and is associated with increased risk of cardioembolism for all patients within the first 3 months and for high-risk patients in the long term. Continuing OAC for at least 3 months in all patients and indefinitely in high-risk patients appears to be the safest strategy.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - November 5, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Noseworthy, P. A., Yao, X., Deshmukh, A. J., Van Houten, H., Sangaralingham, L. R., Siontis, K. C., Piccini, J. P., Asirvatham, S. J., Friedman, P. A., Packer, D. L., Gersh, B. J., Shah, N. D. Tags: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology Source Type: research

Is an Oral Anticoagulant Necessary for Young Atrial Fibrillation Patients With a CHA2DS2-VASc Score of 1 (Men) or 2 (Women)? Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
ConclusionsFor atrial fibrillation patients aged 20 to 49 years with 1 risk factor in addition to sex, non–vitamin K antagonist OACs should be considered for stroke prevention to minimize the risk of a potentially fatal or disabling event.
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - October 3, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Hung, Y., Chao, T.-F., Liu, C.-J., Tuan, T.-C., Lin, Y.-J., Chang, S.-L., Lo, L.-W., Hu, Y.-F., Liao, J.-N., Chung, F.-P., Lin, W.-Y., Lin, W.-S., Cheng, S.-M., Chen, T.-J., Lip, G. Y. H., Chen, S.-A. Tags: Atrial Fibrillation Original Research Source Type: research

Short-Term Risk of Bleeding During Heparin Bridging at Initiation of Vitamin K Antagonist Therapy in More Than 90 000 Patients With Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation Managed in Outpatient Care Epidemiology
BackgroundSeveral studies have recently examined the risks of bleeding and of ischemic stroke and systemic embolism associated with perioperative heparin bridging anticoagulation in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. However, few studies have investigated bridging risks during vitamin K antagonist initiation in outpatient settings.Methods and ResultsA retrospective cohort study was conducted on individuals starting oral anticoagulation between January 2010 and November 2014 for nonvalvular atrial fibrillation managed in outpatient care and identified from French healthcare insurance. Bleeding and ischemic strok...
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - October 30, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Bouillon, K., Bertrand, M., Boudali, L., Ducimetiere, P., Dray-Spira, R., Zureik, M. Tags: Atrial Fibrillation, Epidemiology Original Research Source Type: research